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The commonwealth. (Greenwood, Miss.) 1896-1923, June 03, 1897, Image 5

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CYCLONE IN THE SENATE.
Senator Maury F. Smith Makes His Position Known
and Pour» a Little Vitriol Upon the Devoted
Head of Our MoHt Patriotic and Self*
Sacrificing (iovernor.
Sharp und WithcrinK Criticism Such us Would Cut to the
Quick u Man of Pride und Honor, Hut Full Hurmlcss
Upon the Hide of un Ignorant Knot 1st.
âl IITNAONNINANT IT A T ( OF AFFAIRS TRUTH IN AN IITNAORDINANT RAMIN.
A Fearful Blow Deliverer! at a Vital Point, The Governor is Feebly Defended
By His Friend».
Capitol Corn
Make* ffeport
Interesting Proc
litte« of the Houi
il Annihilate* the Qovnn
'a Menage
THF. MP.NATK
When tin' sHfiatf? und I his morning Sow»t « *r Jh»wen« <»(f« n d h resolution r«
vork« to report in full at the earliest mo
vith llo building of it new c»pl
on public
qtitring tin* wwitr committ«*«
nunt with reference to all questions on
tol, and moved its
llieeled
loption
IH to the
»bjeel of the resolution, Senator Bower«
full r< j*irt. not only
UjKm tM-iug cntechiwd
Mtnt«?d that it wan intemled to provoke from the eom
tl|Min all bills I« fore them, but Upon the eapitol (|UeHtioil itself
lit tee
Tim I«.
»le that as the eapitol hill was in pop
ession of the house,
the resolution
vas out. of order
This point
I poll ft allowing that
viding f"i the huildiiig of a state house now lief ore the
llirre won- fu
enimiiittcc.
if bills |ii
Senators Harris ami Boyd op|K»Hi«d the resolution on the gro
try profccfling,
Senator Smith, rhairiimn of the
«, thut there might la
id that it wan
an eitrnordi
vithoiit purl in m en I ft ry precedent
oininiltee, contended that the resolution
moving the
should p
nennte in its
mini of tie* reaso
e mci
est. ion and a
m to i I n position thereon.
cl ion o
Replying I«» Messrs. Boyd and Harrison, Senator Bowers said that it whs in
power of the senate t«» require a report of anv committee and even to dictate the
terms of lie* report that res«»lut ions of that character had been «-ntertnined with
out objection, both at tin* present session,
the committee would,
«1 the last, that Ije was tulvised that
», report, and that the Hmnte ha«l no right
vithoiit. object,h
to assume that they would tntlisgrcas any propriety, or dent in
lot
ly uinmier
legitimately before them
Bowers stated that lie luul
Upon being questioned by Senator MeLauriti, Mr
ibinitted the resolution to the chairman of thccoin
milice on public
committee had held
vorks (Mr. Smith).
ivho lmd approved same; that lie knew the
noniing, from having heard the chnirmari
He was not advised as to
the floor during the
meeting thb
'oilhl he held
publicly announce that such a meeting
the reaitIt of said meeting, except, by what had been statpd
discussion of the resolut h»
to what Senator Smith meant by stating that a
memorial of the senate's reasons and position on the capital bill shniild be put
record, Mr. Bowers referred Mr MeUaurin to Senator Nq4*,ij'
lug to catch the president's eye.
Henator Smith was rceogni/.i «1 and HjioJte as follows
In response to an
oil
vho
vas then try
lit inswer to the questions prnpiHTIidi'd by the set
districtfMt. MvLauriii) I«. the
itor fnm the twenty ninth
ennl«»r of tin* first district (Mr Bowel's), about op
position. 1 enn say f1iR*. i do u«»t think that flu* senate has ever hern in doubt ns
to where 1 stood upon any proposition or question before this body. I am in fa
vor of using even what lias been nilh'd by the senator from the thirty sixth dis
trict (Mr. Boyd) extrflordinary measures to unmask this extraordinary veto.
Then' are many extraordinary things connected with this veto. 1 hohl now
Memphis, ilated yesterday.
•Hsngc of tin* governor vetoing the eapitol
bill bad been communi« atcd to the legislature, asking that I would favorably
consider
in tuy hand
and evidently written bcbu'c the
letter that I received frm
hat an* known as (lie Weathers »V Weathers plans
This letter ns
hat was not known lien* that, the Gordon plans
adopted by the legislature bad been vet<M*d and knocked out by the governor. At
the Gordon plans has been adopted by tho legis
essage luul not been promulgated vetoing this bill.
il n! Mr. Weathers' home liefore
ii in M«*
phi.
sûmes as knoi
the time this letter wax w litte
Utnn-and die governor s i
How wits it Hint this iitforn
it was known to the legislature)
Another eilrnordinniy thing is that il hits been a matter of current talk mid
minor for the lust titre» or four days that both the nennt» mid the house were lie
thm should lie I,ii
Ing carefully polled by the friends of the ndiiiiiiistrntion to see whether the vnri
on» opposing elements of the eapitol hill could he combined in siitlioicnt numbers
to sustain a veto. Un last Monday evening when
formed almost, as soon as 1 got off of the trail
returned from borne I was in
Unit the ifovernor'H friends had
polled the house to find how il would stand on n veto, and that the vote stood 52
to 54, thereby sustaining t he veto.
The senator fro
the lliirly sixth. Mr. Boyd, and the senator from the seven
teenth, Mr. Miller, who were with me in the
will reeiill tlml it was a
'(institutional convention in I His i,
■h discussion in Hint great body and ot
bother or not the great power of veto should lie given
bin it that the result of the deliberations of that comen
liter of
grave deliberation ns h
to s governor nt nil. I
Hon was to ginnt the power to the governor solely upon the idea that lie would
constitutional gromtds.or because a measure,in his opinion,was
not In harmony with the publie policy of this slnte, but was not given for him to
wait until a |hiI 1 of the legislature enn he tnkt
veto measures
'<* whether his veto would )k*
to
•untained by various opposing elements being combined, and I
carry out his mere personal views.
I do not hesitate to say I am in favor of using extraordinary measures, If nee
essary, to put upon the record of this senate some vindication of this body from
the nnjnst attacks of the executive, mid to relieve them from being lectured as
mere schoolboys, because they do not see fit too
of an executive.
enable him to
ly out the mere personal whims
For this reason I
PI'ort this resolution Hint we may have a report in full
message, for fear that the house may not |miss
the veto over the governor, ns this poll has shown, and we will then lie able to
vindicate the senate mid put upon its records Ibis vindication,
Senator Harrison replied to Senator Smith, insisting that the report should 1»
confined to bills nmv in the hands of the committee and asked Senator Bowers if
he would amend his resolution and
answering this extraordinary vet
rostrict the report.
Senator Bowers de
dined to amend.
Senator Hardy spoke in favor of the resolution, con telling that it was reason
able and proper, and Hint the report should he discussed only after it came In,
and not in advance
Mr. Harrison n
hills now poiuliui; h« for«' Hu 1 n>
Bowors, was tahhal l»y a voh
ndoptofl hy about I In* sn-nu* volt*
vt*d t«* ninrnd tho rosolntio
hy r«»st rioting I lu* n*iM»rt to tho
«'nt. upon motion of Mr.
onr. find tho h'-olution was thou
unit too.
Tho
of about two
to
HOUMK
is
The house eapitol committee, after sleeping on the g
concluded this morning I
matter, mid
ken after the house met i
ernur s veto message,
make a report mid let Hie house go to record on the
y whether il would override or suslaiii the veto.
A recess was la
order Hint the eapitol i-ominitt«' might consider the
matter and report. The committee had ils stenographer in the committee room,
and after dictating its report, the oommitleo lmd the stenographer, to save time!
read it» report to the house. This report follows
The first constitutional objection made by the governor to (he effect that the
commissioners, under section II» of the constitution, cannot Is- elected by the leg
islature. we think isnutcnnhle That section of the constitution Is ns follows.
The legislature shall not elect other tlinn ils own officers, state librarian and Uni
ted States senntors; lint this Stadien shall not prohibit the legislature
IMiinttng presidential electors,
not in any view Is- a public office. "The ter
is
so.
frein ap
i lie piieiHou of the state house coumiissiont
rean
office enihmees the Idea of tenure
•nd duration and certainly n position which is merely temporary and hvnl can
not ordinarily lie considered nil office."
Mcchcm on public officers, section a.
page (I
It will 1 h< ohsci veil that there is neither tenure nor duration in the office to
which these commissioners arc elected.
They are appointed to do a s|»vlflc act
within ll pericsl of time not to extend lx-yond three years. There is no provision
for anecesslon or duration and the term is to expire at no specified time On com
pletiqn of the specified work oyer which they have charge their duties end.
whether that work shall have l«vn completed within three years or not, While
the taking of an oath and the giving of a bond is usually an incident to mi office,
yet it is not essential to ninl does not constitute any part of nn office. Mecheni
on pnhlic offices, section 0, page (I.
Hectlon SO of the constitution rends ns iollows;
ft
for
,
ed
"No person shall bo elected
or appointed to office in this state for life or during good behavior, bnt the
of all offiow shall Ik* for somy kjkm'UUhI (M'riod. !'.
• It Will thus Is- sis'u that independent of Hie general law upon thesnbject onr
constitution his clearly defined one of the ess -ntinl elements of an office, which
Is that it ahull be for.some "s|>cciHcd (icriod."
A commissioner »pointed to sniiertntead the cnctlen ot a state house I» not
a public officir Mechem on public officers, page section
Thesnpjftuc court of the state of Illinois, in
•truing a g&tlct
ton«
a very elalsirnte opinion, con
dr state constitution almost identical with onr* held that
doners were not public officers. Umm
the
erase com
JftLi. "The Icgblature iTftjat stale had |iasscd " '^jl^previmn > f rll -
m?' 1 hlW ' hy tlie legislature u wi
hare done. 1 he question was taken tJflwcourts and the court held ZTSl?
commissioners appointed under this act »re not officers within the ****?!
the Constitution but mere ngenls or employ es for a siimle ... i ° ""'•"'"fi Of
vs people, -là, 111,
of a
»X
I
tntioufl^ provision which the court won cotuitmin^ in aa follows Election of all
officers anil the filling of all vacancies which may happen by death, resignation or
removal, not otherwiae directed or provided for by this constitution Khali be made
in such manner as the general assembly »trail direct, provided that no such officer
shall lie elected bjr the general assembly.* The court, in rendering this decision.
pAMMed upon moat of the canes cited by the governor in his message, including the
United States vs. Morris, reported in 2 Brock. Io:». It was, shown by the court
that the office in this latter case was a continuing office We have examined the
different authorities cited by the governor in his message and wo find that the
office in question was a continuing one. In Shelby v*. Alcorn. X Miss., p. 275),
our supreme court held that a levee commissioner in Mississippi in a civil officer.
This office is a continuing one. Its term is fixed It has duration and the office
continue« aft*r the expiration of the term of any individual who is elected to the
office Th** cas«*, in our opinion is not at all analogous The same is true of the
cas«* of Hill vs Boyland. 40 Miss., page 618. This precise constitutional question
has lieen passed upon by the mendiera of our own supreme court by request of
the legislature in 1804 regarding the power of the legislature to appoint commis
sioners to locate and establish convict farms in the state, and also whether or not
tlia position could Is* filled by members of that legislature. It i* as follows
To Hon J. M .Slone: Sir Responding to your communication of thin date,
requesting our opinion whether it is competent for the legislature to elect the
coin mission»*rs charged with the duties of selecting the farm (penitentiary), and
whether it is prohibited from selecting its own members, we say We have
considered the matter and are of the opinion that neither section 45 nor section
W) of the constitution applies, because the commissioners provided for are not of
ficers, and their position will not Ik? an office within the contemplation of the
constitution, although it seems quite clear that the spirit of the constitutional
inhibition mentioned is against the selection of legislators under such circum
«tances. The services to be rendered by the commissioners partake more of tin*
nature of an employment for the aeeoinplishment of a particular object than of
an office; it lacks the characteristics of an office, and i- of a
if
transient nn
very
tun-, and will termiimtr with the |>erf(>nimiice of the duty assigned wherefore
wo conclude tlmt the commissioners will he employe* merely and not officers.
The decisions in one own state and elsewhere aronnne-rims in support of onrview.
We liuvi' I lie honor to snlmoriho
•selves J. A I' Cm
ipbell, Ti:
Iv Co« .»per and
Thomas H. Woods
Hoe senate journal, pages 2
By reference to m\ M of the enforcing act, of the code, page I HI, it will bo
en that the legislature of 181)2 did just exactly what we have (lone inj this in
stance by selecting H H. Thompson to arrange and number the chapters and
sections, etc of that code.
6.
Tho message of the governor, in eoinmeuting upon this opinion, states that,
"in that opinion it was intimated that the spirit of the constitution was against
such election." It will he observed that the court intimated that the spirit of
the constitution was simply against the election of legislators t<
under such circumstances under section 45 of theemmtituth
that position
i, and not section 1)0.
We the think the new constitutiona^objection mentioned i
equally untenable. In the first placent
constitution was strictly cj>mJV«*ry particular, and not only that,
irictly complied with another section, 62, of tho constitu
tion, to which the governor fails to refer,as
which is also true, as matter of fact.
the messages
uirnals show that section 50 of tnt*
but we literally and
(•rifled by tho journals of the house,
All reference of the governor's message to
the constitution prior to the constitution of 18!)() has no reference, and cannot be
considered
authority, in this case, when the tw
strictly and literally complied with in every particular wholly unauthorized.
His constitutional objections as to adopting plans and specifications in the
bill is entirely without merit. By reading of tho bill it will be seen that the
plans and specifications referred t
sinners are directed and instructed to tuk
ectii
s above quoted wert
are no part or the bill itself, but the commis*
•barge of the Gordon plans, drawings
and specifications, and to build a state house substantially and as near as practi
cable therewith.
We find on file with Mr. Gordon's plans the it<
that the basement of the building he proposes to build, shall he of granite, col
(linns of ((olishcd marble, capitals and bases of marble; the entire superstructure
of marble; tlmt the length of the building shall he :!l I feet,
the necks on each side of the rotunda (III feet 2 inches; entire structure fireproof ;
the first story of the rotunda wainscoted its full bight
walls of the house of representatives, senate, supreme courtroom and governor's
reception rooms and halls on first, second and third Hour to ho wainscoted with
polished marble; the floor of the rotunda to he of marble
-rat specifications, which say
id til 17!l feet, across
with polished marble;
very small
mosaics in
piecos, with the coat of units of the stale of Mississippi Inln'd in different colored
marbles. The floors to he of marble in all halls and corridors; all inside steps to
lie of mnrblo; outside steps of granite; the building to lie piped and wired for
electricity mid gas; heated throughout with steam; concrete foundation of the
best quality known to enginering. and with Hansom patent twisted iron con
struction throughout; stationary chemical lire engine in basement: the dome of
the building to lie built of masonry or steel skeleto
principle as the tall buildings in largo cities; thoroughly fire proof to prevent
any contact with lient. The wings of this eapitol are modeled somewhat after
the plans of eleven courthouses which Mr. Gordon has designed and had erected
in Texas during the past few years,
contour of the house, senate and supreme court and gi
will bo shaped to possess perfect acoustic property, all being
On examination we find that the specifications presented by Mr. Gordon are
as full as the specifications presented by any architect on a preliminary study,
and that, when the commission is appointed detailed specification will he furnish
cd, with the assistance of the supervising architect, and that lie
•on.stniction upon the same
Mr. Gordon's specifications atato that all the
'cruoi's reception room
mtside rooms.
ill do every
thing as is usually done in all buildings and in accordance with the plans sub
mitted to this legislature.
We desire to say that if Mississippi can 1» «observed and advantaged by nay
sacrifice of ours.
•e arc ready for that sacrifice, whether i! be political or whoth
or it be of our lives.
Mississippi's Sliamc.
At the end of a comment on the extraordinary situation at Jackson, the Mo
bile Register says;
"Ever since the cnpjtol hill lias been before the I
much mystery about it
sooner lie is smoked out the letter it wilj he for the people of Mississippi.
The "mystery" dates farther back tha
the legislature." But the Register is right,
the view of clearing up the'iimlodorous atmosphere that hangs iirou„>j the capi
tol- Questions are 1 icing put by tax payers and citizens jealous of the good
of the state, that call for answer For one thing, what is the explanation to tiie
singular action of the eapitol committee, In so far exceeding the power delegated
by the legislature? What motive conid have lni|u |joi] it to adopt the Wrathe
plan, and reject the others? The law
slature, there has been
There is a 'nigger in tho woodpile' somewhere, and the
hell "the eapitol hill
•cut before
An iiivestigniidj; should ho had with
IJNillD
r>
plainly did n*d d/reet or cM»ntemplate
the surrender of the legislnlare over the decision between the plan« ngbinitted.
that llw trnnsixnHwion sonns tla^nmi.
Now what was flit» inotivt* for such usur
Mio powor or tho indui'(Mii('iit hohind tlu* oxtraordiiinry
partisanship of this Woatluis pj;in. that has boon so
loiitioii «'f inomliors of tho lotfislatufw l«*yf>n«l ovorythniK ois.» in oonnw lion
tho now on pi tol soliomc? Who s<rt up tho d^»a*iisaiy of drinks in
upstairs nsnn in tho eapitol oity
pat ion? And what
inarkod upon, and that nt
vitli
a oortain
\hv thirsty members?
It ta lielicved, by ninny, to have been In the interest of the WeetRiif* njan,
lielief wn. not dispelhsl by the well known and nffiihlo Jinftlsnti who ling the
dispensary In charge. The sight of these straws caused, ultimately, tho defect of
the said plan There was « smell of rats afloat, and in so far as distrust of the
integrity of the conduct of th« public affairs lias 1
is called for
giving oil! pass Ley* I.
This
on aroused, an investigation
The legislature should licnr in mind that they I, ay- the honor of the state in
their keeping. Ami that was never before in the state's history white enjoying
the blessings of self government has breath of suspicion and scandal b««g fiver
the administration of her affairs. Nor has the chain of sinister circumstances yet
ceased to furnish food for evil thoughts. The question is being asked why docs
Mr. Weathers stilt linger at the eapitol? Was he induced to remain over to help
the governor Inform himself of the owdkuprdemerits of the Gordon plan? If so
is he a iwrsoii sufficiently without prejudice b. gw. w fe advice on this matter?
What was the real incentive for the sending of an attorney W (b )f don's Texas
home, to report on his record ? Are these things all for pro bono jniidencer if
so. they sheald lie so explained, as unexplained they point to a "nigger In the
eapitol woodpile," ta fjje Register soys. On this i>oiut the Evening Tost well
says:
"It appears tliat someliody is having np investigation made as to Architect
Gonlon's record In Texas, From the disnm,,« )q ffg. Mississippi senate Mr
Gortlon has an excellect record, if his plans and upeWßcatuw* nie all rb-ht the
legislature should stick to them."
A legislative investigation should tw Invite,) hy fb» governor, )f for no other
reason than to relieve hlms,.lf of the demi» aroused by bU }wir of message,
ft hy should he have sent in so singular anil self contradictory comnmnhTttonf
Why did he invite the brand put upon his statements bv the lieutenant governor
nmltlie «Mwr- » psiufnUy ncccntuntoil hy his swoml message* This issne
for the sake of M!ssl*.l|,|4, ought not to be left in its present shape. It is hmnll.
atlng and sliamefnl It Is the ream'd vmlgn™! in the two messages, with the
liosnre, they elected.--Vieksbnrg Herald.
The esteemed New Attmny Gazette thluks that;
, . ,l » >'»1« h«nl that the people should pay *SO.l»0 for the privilege of
bring idaoetl In debt, and then have the whole thing knocked in to » pie hv the
governor for*, other reason, than, that none of the imperial family were allow
ed a finger in lt. 1 w
ex
The Jackson Southern Investor, eonu.tiitinir msin the fsltmv, t >■. i
10 I™'idefor building a capitol. loî'SS «rs
Tariff ,ra Wul»® to progress threughout He. slate ' Afts r icad.nv he reno!?
"" P»bHe works we r.r - satisfie>'lhat tiie role
. .
I
\ .
Was Poe a Placlarlat?
Forty-four year» ago the charge of plagiarism which Edgar Alleu Poe made
with sni-h vigor against Longfellow and others was hurled at him with equal vigor
by a writer in the Waverly Magaaine (July 80, IS5S), who signed himself "Fiat
Justitia, " This writer was Thomas Holley Chivers, M. D., who had published at
least one volume of verse. (1837), and who accused Poe of imitating his (Chivers)
style and thought in "The Baven,' "Annabel Lee," and other poems.
The controversy growing out of this charge, and which waxed warm and ex
tended over several months, says the Literary Digest, is of interest as one of the
episodes of literary history, and is revived by Joel Benton in the Forum for May.
Mr. Benton l<eginsby introducing Dr. Chivers to his readers, of whom he has this
to say ;
It is, however, simply repeating an indubitable fact, to say that a large
part of the poetry of Chivers is mainly trash -of no account whatever, and not
above the reams of stanzas which from time immemorial have decorated as or
iginal' the country newspaper's poet's corner. But now and then he struck a note
quite above this dead and wide-pervading commonplace; and, whenever he did,
the verses brought forth were apt to snggest the mechanism and flnvor of Poe.
He not only said at various times -especially in a Beries of letters which he wrote
to Mr. Rufus W. Griswold, Poe's biographer, and which are now in possession
of his son that Poe had borrowed largely from him, but he put the transaction
in much bolder terms. The charge of flagrant plagiarism of himself by Poe, in
respect even of 'The Raven' and 'Annabel Lee,' was not withheld, but was vio
lently advanced by Chivers. Nor was he alone in making this charge. Home of
Ins friends took it np and repeated it with a vehemence and an ability worthy of
a most sacred canse. "
Mr. Benton gives the following refrain from Chiver s "Lily Adair" in which
"the Poo manner stands ont conspicuously.''
' In her chariot of fin* translated.
Like Klljult. slio pnssril llmnurli tin- sir
To tin* etty of < I - « 1 golrirn-guted
Tin- home of my t.lly Ad.-tlr
»f my 8tiir-«*rmviH*d Lily Adair
Of my Ood-loveil Idly Adair
< >f my be
If ill. dutiful Lily Adair."
< 'hivers himself, in the first place, based hi4 charge of plagiarism upon the
likeness of Poe's "Raven" to "Allegra in Heaven," a poem appearing in Oliver's
book, "The Lost Pleiad and Other Poems," published in 1842 and reviewed in the
highest tenus by Poe in The Broadway Journal in 1845. Here are some of the
lines from "Allegra in Heaven":
r are bending to receive ll»y seul ascending
•Holy angels
Vp to Hefiv
While thy pale cold form Is fading und
which Is pcrvadhlE t
'tiding, and to bliss which Is divine.
•n t«> Joys
v,sli;*dlng*
Death's dark w!
» pe n broken heart of mine;
spirit, up to Heaven there to Inherit
*rlt, such ns
morrow lay thy body with deep sorrow.
Thee wliiigl«
And as (Jod doth lift
Those iiUftU'iL which It doth
Thy m-arfathe. will to
rlilcli Is !
> have reaped before;
narrow, there to rest forevc
In the grave
Other lines from the same poem illustrate the ridiculous side of Chiver's
work;
••As an egg, when broken, never can Ik' mended, but must ever
He the same crushed egg forever, so shall this dark heart of mine.
Which, tho broken, Is si It I breaking, and shall nevermore cease aching.
For the sleep which has no waking for the sleep which now is thine!"
Mr. Benton winds up his examination of the controversy with tho following
conclusions:
' The upshot of this cursory consideration of the voluminous controversy
beginning before Poe died, and virulently continued for some years after his
death—shows that Poe knew Chiver's works and paid attention to him in more
than one reference. The literary representatives of the minor poet appear, also,
to bring forward some striking examples of verse which he wrote, which was
outwardly like Poe's, and which considerably antedatod 'The Bells,' 'The Raven'
and Annabet»Lee,' on which Poe's poetic fame rests.
"What conclusion must be drawn from these facts? Each reader will be
certain to make his own. No critic will doubt that to Poe belonged the wonder
ful magic and mastery of this species of song. If to him who says a thing best
the thing belongs, no one will hesitate to decide that Poe is entitled to the bays
which crown him. It is a fact that, with all the contemporary airing of the
subject, it is Poe's celebrity and not Chiver's that remains. The finer instinct
and touch are what the world takes account of. Chivers, except at rare inter
vais, did not approach near enough to the true altitude. He put no boundary
between what was grotesque and what was inspired. He was too short-breathed
to stay poised on the heights, and was but accidentally poetic. But we may ac
cord him a single leaf of lanrel, if no more, for what he name no pear achieving
in the musical lyre of 'Lily Adair."'
Disappointed and He Kicked.
The Wesson Mirror docs not think the interest of the state would have been
subserved by permitting our patriotic governor to have had his way. It says;
"Gov. McLaurin's veto of the capital bill is as disappointing to his friends as
to the friends of the uieasnre. The full text of bis message <JPP S little to take
the keen edge off this disappointment. His efforts to show that the bill was not
constitutionally passed must be judged by the facts. If it be true that a proper
reading of the bill was not had immediately before its final passage, a fatal ob
jection results. But it is claimed that such reading was had, as shown by the
journals of the bmw apd senate. In all other respects, the message discloses
nothing lint weakness, 'file whole merit ')f the governor's position is his support
of the politician in the executive office,
lie wants the commissioners appointed by the governor, iui4 struggles
through a long argument to show that they will be officers and therefore cannot
under the constitution, lie named by the legislature. But If his argument proves
anything: it shows clearly that they will bs regarded by the courts as employes
of the legtsjaipyp, appointed for a specific duty, and having no power that will
continue beyond tho time fpijuired for the performance of such duty. This
leaves their position Witbpuf tjie )UP»t çsstyiifgl fpgfpj-ç of an office, and leaves
the governor with no peg op which fo hang his claim that ho hfust appoint. In
view of ills known jxiftja|({y for strictly political methods it may well be doubted
if the state conid gain by letting him «pppipt the commissioners. As now con
stituted it is a business commission, few t4F pejTfs p'|)l wish to sec it changed
to a board of political henchmen.

V .
/s
B
♦ .
Qlover Stands Pat.
jMr. Glover arose to a questtou t$t |<era0nj|i jjfivjjpgf.* apd stated that gome
months since a challenge was issued that no member of the Ifigjslatmre would in
troduce a resolution to have chargee of drunkenness Investigated «gainst
tain state officers. He had accepted the challenge and but for the fact that
matter»; 0 f more grave importance had occupied the session he would have done
I'**«» Up jvj ? hed to.'give noHce-thmt on reassembling next January he would
mtrodnee said resolution And ftp hpljsved that the testimony and affidavits
well known citlxcns conid be obtained to «netain tlje çf}«yg^s. Speaker McCool
therenpon annonneed that as the hour had arrived he weald adisutn the session
until .next January. 9
cer
so
of
We Are
Flooded
Ar
%
WITH ORDERS FOR
• • «
COMMERÖIAL PRINTING.
Bnt are ca pable of handling even
T —DO «kT wanF
Call and Bee onr new and nu to date àfrmk
mow»,
u
/it
mm.
IMPORTAN
lulling Company in not!
the price cutting hud
but stands ready to meet!
prices of all legitimate m
petitors. The best of v<|
men are employed, and og
first-class stock used. 1
member, we will dup1ic|
the figures of any pring
establishment in this sect!
and guarantee both n
work and first-class
When wanting, anything
the job printing line yon g
do well to learn our prk
and examine our goods, |
fore placing your order.
g
* FOR SALE
- At Reduced Prices.
; 3 cars steel anil wire nails.
*- 1 ear wire. 1 ear soap.
I 1 car sugar. 1 ear meat.
* 1 car Old Hickory wagons.
► I car com.
t 1 car Tfmothy hay.
£ Besides car loads of Dry
► Goods, Shoes, Hats, etc.
► R. T. Jones & Co,, .
* That pay the freight.
^rTTTTTTT T T TIl 111 l 'TTTf
♦j
«
C. N. D. CAMPBELL M,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, ■
nectfully solicits a share of t h« 1 patiom
f the people of Greenwood and vlctaHjj
? over Vaneev's Burlier Shop. Phoae S
• 14 at C, W, Crockett*» Profitai
Res
age o
Office
residence,
will reach me.
S. R. Coleman.
Monroe Me
COLEMAN & McCLURl
Greenwood, Miss. I
Will practice in all f tip State Courts und«
Federal Courts Oxford. Sped
lal ;ittout Ion given to collection (it ^lulpg, ]
JAS. K. VARDAMAN,
Attohnny AND COUNmOfl AT U
Greenwomi, Ml»»
veil to all business'IS
Prompt situation gl
rusted to ate.
A. F. Gardner.
W.T.
RUSH A GARDNER,
Attorneys and e9UM9g|»GR$ /H y
Greenwood, Mil«,
Prompt attention given to all bu*lu(i*t
trusted to us.
Garden Seed.—You are compelled
have them, and you can find them
the greatest variety at C. W, Cw
kett's drug rtore. All fresh and
sprouter.
&
Reduced Rates tdj NashviUp
The Southern Hull way lists on sf,K*
of its principal stations, tickets to Xiisliril^p
and return at very low rates
tho Tennessee Centennial.
Southern Railway agent for particular»
gill-ding schedules and detail informal
bout rates and t icket s.
on nccouot
Call on ei
BUSINESS NOTICE. i
We have matifif) A )1 »ruber qf bjllt) (J
subscriptions and we sincerely hope teil
onr generous patrons will promptly id
spond Our collections must be msdij
promptly. For one dollar per year ml
cannot afford to send the paper ul]
wait a year for the pay. j
Please glgj} tp,» em#l| jtfitq your jj$]
mediate attention, and greatly obltml
The Commonwealth Pub. Oh
■flL^SOUTHERII
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