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THE COM MON WE AI .Til.
»«»llllltD t»IRT THURSDAY IT T H I COMMONWf ALTH PUB. CU. JA*, K. VAKIIAMAN. * I oiTog OFFICIAL ORGAN OF LEFLORE COUNTY. Oltr.KNWiMilP. Ml-S NOTICE Vi <* have rid * » in ln«'«l 11 . no m«>ne\ tu 1 »*• I here i.l'le paper f<*r *1 waiting 12 mou M tak< a a grcal deal the exp* who hat f he pa <t Ihc> ha fh"n| I •' ' and iftïicc. l»er f< If tin I e pjlbl not. it Kill hi ;i gn at l i they will 11 1. funds send you a Mat« m* Tiik ( '<»• it We IN« K V I i II I 'I The Cry of tin- I' Wa mil -I In ing. a i! at ing, time Involved llieflt to I Ile I < ' J ill t » 1 11 - I li ill I li.:! w hit'll in heard toda.\ of htisine-s, t hr r i III«* lievrl-era-llo , trad«* Th«* cr story "f I In* hink* ed hopr* flu* einpt \ ("iii.uli .uni Imine. I -I I cl I >1 blight "I disappointed ambit imn. squalid i fohed Il Is lie ail o| m*ss, of want, of u n -p*a (. dde Is the roar of «llslanl ! h tH*tok«*l|H ih<* tuning the eimcenl ml cm M ,i whi«*li iiiii) s|tali« i to lïagnn-ut - - superb system "f g<.v«-i nuicnt II Is to h«* hop«*<| t hat I In lr of th<* nation may liMin warning and talo hied the tin ncn try prc at to avid i he titipi Then* is •ant u ding «lisas i* t hing erriain i he t«*r. I tendency of the pri'senl, is ilariuing. The eoneenlnil In In I lie liamls ol I lie ii I. il all the t In- iinlml) greed for gain l lie 'iiliorilimil Imi and subversion of even moi al to sordid sçllisli lie waul and dlseoui, nt. i lie pi, Hull of the lut! I<ii, tlie nil, o| tlie nianhoiHl-ile'tno im; herlted liidlgenee. all Imlieale I he Hie I'fToel of In «f I liai deadlv germ of g,,\ I lie fat al symp presen,',' criimeiil ilesl nud loo il toms of nul lirai deal Ii. I'o ( lie pilot', of tiie goal I mi I, ol slate rcnll/.c Ilia! Hi, I just ahead? alarm, re and avoid ilGasi, i rakers a Will 1 licv sniii,,| || M . ■rse II. ourse ,,f Hie -hip \\ e hope so, bill to Is' candid. I here G lin le upon which to base such a hope. The pa per by Join, Clark Itldpatli. will lie found In llus i, uml.ei ,,| Th, ('otnmonwealtli. iilnlei The Cry of Hie I'lM,I , v at I Ik* lie.id J I < "'I" *' ell lllosf t II,lily'llt fill ending. The an ion ■I I he -In i l 11 and I,, deputies in tiring u|,.i, Hi, miners and killing qulie a numb, i. al H a d, ton. I'll.. II lew d.l for ns llolllL s siuee. Im 1 li.it wliieli fini has a right i highway was Hm m Infamous, i ever |s r|ieliali d in I lie name The sheriff and bN wir, I, ■ to lie shot, and Hie (hing nni't regret i' that tlm \merieaii ell » alk I be pnlil ie "iilragmis. ardlt and liedisli crime if law. e de ell di t if »« •Cl Ill i 111') s ere all not armed ami equipped that the might have turned upon ilieui a dent roved every mot liei - ,1 of them. list 'hie of our i 'i,vi d I'Vi'hungcs dis like' "lengllit eili|,,nal' ami "ma nzine articles" In Ilia ew spa per'. I i. dislike lengthy magazine I editorials a,id art icIcn, unie written by wii»ihli* people ami e, Ml . tain informât im, T«» read t leitet hy editorial written would l»e about i > nk profitable as piekln* < a (lead nicker's head. I bey are I In sunie Hial e and iiii H'klebtirrs frum ail. Hie tIlls An ingrate Is I, The ii m ii wlm w turn liis back 'l.»wi by him in dlstre mean to g,, to hell. m the friend Dial . malign the iw« y "mi honored ami trusted him Will find himself sliiiuneil I imps of bell I »ru use of Ids Infamous ! In* Vrl v they si'lilshiiess te have received the luilial lier of The Chronicle. mini piililislied at can i/e Si'ranlon. 'll". II is .1 gölten up paper, is good, the editorials well written. We take pleasure in placing it upon our exchange !Ui and wishing it cess. Tlie lyfiograpliical rk is wi' siie iiizc' G' To answer an nil a argument w sneer Is a trick often resorted t , >witIi the arrogant idi knave. It is Ignorance is the only m and cow aril 1er chills the heart. year with in could cry «•> >iixcnii'iit in ■k in traile \ole Tlie strictest ticrna iiigtirated is noiv being main, tnlncd in Leflore only thing to do to avoid tlie quarantine that w. Il is the '»•urge. 'minii. T Hon •'in alone To tx' without mull makes most as lonesome as Adam was in n„, Garden of Eden without "Me ; a female. .Til. LEFLORE SAFE TO DATE. CU. No Cases of Yellow l ever Reported in This Coun ty ns Yet. I vory I'rco.mtlou Being l.ikoit to Prevent tlio Introduction of the Proud Malady Hero. IVvcr i<*p"r!»«l ni I In*'«''Minty. .iii«l tij- !.L< t that every precaution i* Mu# taken I. I . 1,< !l ire may |*<i • • I lirnukh f In tliere liave )i''fll fl'f «' l c . | t lie hope pre\;u! t'. pre*vi I»,il I P liât . froi «fille f iun (,f fh"n| i'fpted by Ili< ' «Hint.y Ihm flirui.gh "0 the d r »day t hen j me. 11 r 11 « 1111 < • «I h'l • ar« a ils lia* n I pi I. I hi- en W mi H». In teh ! I Ilf >! f< are comp, ai a <•' fill III Ml " lie t liai il is heller Io lie few dheofllellt'd I. alt hough liiere a W 11" its it w Iim Ii. dm ing t In I ml ■g.-Mt'-'l, nia I III* llllll'll'* 'Ii \ M'C K imhi i liai, all i'p'ii l'6 I" I In cunt ran \iM»*rda in JiN famil>. ding, I hen* li lick in's it li da II" inn <■, mi i il.t in- t liai Ah-i fi ii to ■olaled I hat he lias beei arhln , il '■'I I" its.soiim- today ils was tia a** slight ly id to oi i /.< • i » •« -I » i*\ adr I In* ijuaraiit in«* in every install««* law, hut hr' 1 1 1 MM lilt ion pievnt «•( I i hn 'I'hrl ilr .l cl*, no tin* most paui«*-strieken, and I r* 'in Mdwanh <•<»in' •late a i* not «»i iii lave all ho •* i'd I In «*as<* • I Imre All I« The follow ing 'inar.iiit iai ions. h ' i ports i »i, new ,Msr. yesier.! I ( v ,, r ( . I I • • j m » p 11 1 ; 1 1 « * « I. bul no suspicious rase as uwi-allh at lair hour loday No hi l*s ol i*r in I In* '•late If i*r«* r«*|»( »rl <■« I up t « » I o'clock t"da ill i"iial suspicious ca*cs at Mix Anna lit* 1 1 *k voiull last night. ha black < »lliphant li Ode deal It. mmiug. i* foda ■i iild in Neu Jar) sol >rlean* lie.|| I I « ! Ilot ii pa pel Ilspeiided I j Ihn daily bullet ins ill give I. liest Nr, 1 II !r,i Mli* pc il Ii ul I !il"\ Nm Mlrins 11 ;ii Mil wards. M'lcans. «» m" No ib.it lis .Il Mobile, but one at Ne' Si The I hilly Ellin pris , ad veil file foil vin points at a Li I e In dispatcher froiii inl\««-tr«l IIIIS'I.I lui. At lidwj - of similar sympic «'omlil I« i Is uiu*liaiigi*(l. Is tonight t lii'ii* an* 17 c.im s uf is. bill not yet «leelgrt*«! is 'Tit i' il. I It* had hla«*k vorn ell, level C.lpl , Molltgolm il last night and today his comlit Both Hie I'resliylerian ami Methodist lia mini'll llli Hie dreaded disease. I'l dm is ■■ lia • irdcred lents foi refugee camps to lie planai . linder I In* c iln.l "I Man 11" «pit il nuthorit ics. \ lei il I leeened from N i It a Y lima sa v - that 'Iale,i!m I 'amenm. -,m anion, died ! here I, ol er, yesterdav. lb 1 bad alt,'lull'd il, a, S s t 'liauipioli, Im died "I I'llow fever at Edward everal days S'T.'t 11 1 1 ill. Sept , I'i, l| r. p. ''"scs and no deaths here loday. I < Mil look miii'li bei ln* I ban ha-« h •en si nee i he fever ■ t" lir-l aiinoiiiicnl. Tin* ell izens feel iiiqx lill that I lie !"lSl is H\«'l BAILEY ON WHEAT AND SILVER. jyT.i.u; mu:vi lei' not kill,,! H,,, silver 1 1 i' jii'l as 11 \ e a ml t lie demand i: I finie! i<*i i ,is ,i mm "ii for Hie iV'inral im ns import;uit .nul necessary t "*!.» from "I si| ry metal is jusl nf I lie "■ratic leader in the a - al .m: I e » II llilt I Im lii'lor Tiii tut imi. I i-01. I", 1 Badin . del iW'er Iioiim' of • « • T''pT' h 1 11 • " • *« l :i- ,i hef 1er expressif «'"tigre* t he *s'ihjee »f our own n t iimtil s Tlui'i' who t Ii i ii U I lull Hm h ,1 ut , i-,. the price nf wheal lia ■luted "" arguments for the ... tge if «ilvei take a strangely nqiertieial view if I lie quest ion. W-* M ''' m i ei i, ici i t ! i a 1 I lie g-, Id -i anda nl e lie\el renders all rise the priée of en modi! jes imp S'ilile; but mir cuntetiiiii is that it commodities lieiow what il ought to lie. and prevents Hie rises wliieli do s\stem of lilnietallisin. ■ ur from going as high as they would under a I be tael Heil wheat G win I Ii mure now f ban il was list year only pnoc' l lint a small r,,|, will fetch better prices per bushel Ilia lib'll m, w Ge man ever denied. agi a pro|Mi»il ion So far have e have insisted that il applies to relation be ig, m ring li:,' law ,,i 'tinpii and demand. free silver advocates I steadfastly rceogni/al it - .q ,-ial i,>•,-. but " i*« * iiiiu*kI 11 it* . I't MV simply t'XpIvss.'N t 111* I ween V and pri ,per( y : and, ph ily. I hat relal in may lie altered hy a lent in property. "m g"ld Mandant friend' might to investigate the ■ \, - 1 lliest imi hi'fui'c Hiev euiH'lllile that Hie recent rise in tlie price ,,f wheat disproves Hial mum y has 1,ecu alipreeial ing since |s7:l. mir assertion 'I'I"' records are accessible lo ail. a li tlies,. records 'Imw that Hie a erage price of wheat on the farms of .i' *1 . , per bushel, while the average farm price ill ti,,| exetvil 7', rent' per luishei. Hie Cmini Slates m |K7.'I tIlls yea If the allie ui m, me lied not changed, the price of wheat would be m », Ilian u was 24 years ago becatisa the wheat crop ,,r the world, m I si, I,' of the fill Id States approaches nearer to a complete failure than it ho are now rejoicing i wheat, more because they think they seen political advantage because grealei I! thr 1*11 in advanced price of in it than t d bi'iu iii ii brings lu i ur fanners. ill look below Hie surface they di tlml an overwhelming continual ion of mir argument. We have in 'I'H'd throughout this •utin- debate that the gold standard is vicious he cause ii iv.'iills in a sjsti' of falling prices, and we have asserted that there piTity in this country until the farmers rela can lie no general and real pi i/e lair prices for their products. l<* All i lie aigiinii'id I lut < bave i'ier made could not have proven our as The improvement In the times sériions is due h eotii'Iiisively .'G :i' recent evenl -. an Impruvenii'id i prices, and ibis vindicates our position because wi' have steadfastly contended that falling prices made bad times and rising pi'ici's made g,««! times 11'."ti""" sense of Hie people everywhere recog iiizc' llils économie t rut It today, and liiere G not a man any where who would G' wiliing to put tlie price ,,f wheal back where it was 12 months; Under a jusl and w ise ign. .'stem ol liiuielalllsm the farmersof this country r, diz, heller prie, s iliao they are doing in tills exceptional year under Hie gold standard; and I lirmly Mlcve that when the "nil'll more prosperous a country is with failing prices. could ever y year is'ople see illi g,N«l prices than H has heen iwlii'lming majorliv of the \merie;,ii people will will proteel nur agricultural, coin against the imnie.i'iiralile injury and misery of in .'ll. \ole to establish a tiiiani'lal system which nieri'iai and industrial elu constant 1" falling priées. T he 01 Hon Of him in last week s issue ,,f that excellent paper. •'in ploys Ihe language of generous fi iendsiiip lie s|x'aks the sentiments which alone emanate rtom a kind ...bio heart it is the estimate of : liter "f The Uiunnionwedtli acknowledges himself indebted to the personal men esieemetl Uarrolllon Silver I ieiinM*riit for the handsome Our eoiitenqsirary i man » " ! *}i< Mj' iH artwJrM N and intfenuoti** nature overN«>ks tin* weakness and foi M« sofa friend, and s,-r- through the magnify ink medium of his own love that wliieli is tfotrti, and noiliiriAf more. L-EWHERK in this tiuniUi-of The Commonwealth will be found very interesting paper from Ifon. II. I». Money, which we take from ili< North American Review. Like everything from the pen of Co). Money, il I- pertinent, no-uratv. Instructive and highly interesting. It is rather long hut it will repay the most thoughtful arid careful reading, and it gives n- pleasure to favor our readers with it. e of .iii«l In- i KNATf »fi T. II. Turley of Tennessee is a democrat after our own heart. Speaking of I lie < Tilcago platform, lie says: "Asa mem Iter of tile I (leur.« rat iric part) «■! the United States, I think that the great principle« . | loi w 1 1 i « • 1 1 deni's-i. icy li. I-always fought arc more clearly and emphatically aim« «a need in the t 'h jeago plat form than in any platform adopted by the par s me. tv P any y« a 11K man \> ho \v*iilet take a in*' T •'s pa pel t"J a year, ami gel a-mmdi sound. n pion.*, advic«- and Christian couvolation out <-f it asTh«* Common wealth : ,'ivi s in j|w readers, and t I hm» refuse to pay for it. will some a of these days find liium lf in a most b I of a place That sort of man will lie t" 11" surely New .l**r usalem. r\> I sthe '-"lor of Ids hair reflected in tin* crystal vattrs of the HE' il l liagiu is o I- si) ing some very pertinent and proper thing about h made In a certain high official in its town a few days since. itlicr state is capable of dressing the truth more attractive verbiage than !.. M. Garrett of ihe Carthaginian. T N.i editm* in Mis*! -ippi nr any liai llte I tilted States and Spanish American Colonies. A Reply. I!) JH J: HON. II. I). MONK) III. 1 »IST I N ( » I ISIIMI» Mexi«*an Minisler, Sonor Romero. in hi** in t«T''sting paper in I In* July number of The North American I loaves a disagr«*«*ahle inipre icvievv, ioii on the mind of the American eiti •s gloried ho has alwa sympathized with a socially Hi«* belief that his government had cordially People anywhere in their struggle for liberty, and es »I t his eontincut. zen. ith those Sonor Romero declares that the re established their independence without aid from, •s I hat t In* Cnited States eolonii's HIV outsi«le source, and del ev«*r rendered them •*ma >ral assistance." < hn* of I he eomplainls against tlie Cnited States reoogiiiziug the iinl<*pend«*n<*e of the several colonies. is their tardiness in I ri this age ni the ■'ll i I'- G"' i ii 1 1 ' i<i and the submarine cable, the time required fur deli i "He ■'"•li"" "Il 11"' purl "f the United States may seem to have been iinueces Ld-I'iirily protracted, but an investigation into the conditions wliieli prevailed ' i ■' i i"' i i""■ "I 1 1"' r«'volut ion will acquit our government of any undue delay. 11 b '' also, that the warning words of Washington in his I l.iri'vvell address, againsl foreign emuplications. were s recent as to have '""■dly lost I heir erlio. and had. vvilli other causes, induced an exceedingly cmu>crvative and «*autioiis foreign policy, eonimuiiieaUons bet There were then no regular mail ■eu the IT rifled States and the South American colo •ial intercourse; and that was made ha. aidniis by tin* -warms of privateers, who, on the South Atlantic and I h»* Spanish Main, tie nies, am! very little commercial or Oil I lie insurgent Hags ami committed the most atrocious aets of piracy. I lie Spanish subjects in Amoi lea did not originally conceive the idea of independence from any particular love of it, suffered tyranny, pre For three centuries they had ■riplhm. repression, cruelty of their sovereign lord of S|i.iiii, with a conslancy which was more creditable tu their patience Hi f ( » 1 1 ii* i r <*n terprisi*. an In fact, vvilli Hie exception of pcrliaps Cuba, Costa Bi I ndiaiis ca and Chili, the proportions of whiles 1 ould not average one in sidcralile number of negroes in La Fiat a and Venezuela ■specially, who were unprepared and unlit for self-government. Tim Indians, wlm were the victims of flic Spanish -oppressed and indifferent to w hat they believed would be a mere change of masters. Imping for little benefit under any circumstances, liai ive twelve, with a n op •re. perhaps. pressois The Idles were as uiiieli discriminated against, and almost as miieli op d. as the Indians and blacks! The Spaniards held the offices, civil and Tl"'}' were Hie merchants and capitalists, and controlled almost enterprise, this condition of things giving them a monopoly of position, wealth and advantages which they did not care to submit to the fort unes of revolution. frei military, even lnisine Personally, they were thriving, and their interests eommiUed them lo the policy of /trim ; four.. H may be well doubted whether the Spanish subjects in America nol forced Into ivvoliit ii were mure hy th* chaotic condition of a If airs in Spain, hieb left III,'in virtually to their own resources, than hy any desire for in government. or for the position of an autonomous dependency of Spain. It must be admitted, however, that tlie torch kindled at the altar of liberl.t ill the British provinces was taking its luminous Irpomleul course, firing the d I be people in both the new and the old worlds, and its generous dame gave, no doubt, wartnth to flic efforts of tlie patriot» of Soil Hi America. Tim slatnsof flic representative governments atwcrtlng their indcpeml > inv was difficult Injbe ascertained, and the Felted States sont heart s speclal 00111 - cnqulre into the true condition of the liefere al tempting by this means to inform themselves. Hie I niie.l Slales had very promptly proposed to Great Britain and France to unite in recognition of the Independence of the new governments. 'net Hint added to the uncertainty was tlie efforts being made by Peru, Chil li and La Plata to organize a confederate republic, ivuela were coalescing into the republic of Colombia, and the Central Amer ican States into the republic of Central America. while, during tlie whole struggle, • from Mexico to Patagonia, there was continual talk of alii •ioiHM's, onrried by warships, p rovolut ionists. mi* Another New Granada and Ven ances, offensiv,' and defensive: so that the Ctilted States might well hesitate before taking any action likely to prove offensive t a friendly power, be re mein bered Huit when, after due deliberation, the Cnited States did "gni/.e the Spaiiisli-Amei'lean goveriunents in IS It slmiild ree the act was made the subject- by Spain of a grave and emphatic protest to the Cnited States, and "fa circular to the members of the Holy Alliance, invoking their assistance. In fad. lier displeasure amounted to resentment, and caused lier not only to demand explanations, but. also, to refuse to ratify a treaty already negotia ted for Hie cession of Florida and the establishment of our western buunti ary. In that negotiation the Spanish minister endeavored to obtain a pledge from the Ifnlted Stales that they should not acknowledge the inde pendence of these provinces. The Cnited States would make no such pledge, even to lier own profil : and this is surely good evidence of a support, both "material and moral." It is quite probable that the cession was at last Tupatlon of the tcrltory hy the Uni ted Slates, which would have been a blow at lier power in America and lier prestige in Europe. made hy Spain for fear of Hie forcible It is worthy of mention that the same desire to observe strictly tlie failli of treaties, and the obligations or friendly neutrality, which Influenced tlie United Slales in the tardiness of this recognition, operated quite as dis t i not ly in favor of Mexico,'in postponing the recognition of the rcpubic of Texas, which had driven every hostile Mexican from its shores, eminent and performed ils functions and maintained a position tiecoming a member of the family of nations. rganized its gov For years the Texans impatiently waited their recognition by the United States; and notwithstanding the ardent sympathy of the people and the passage of repeated resolutions by each house of congres i promising support to the executive, yet no action was taken, no u'solution of congress ever signed, until the last day of the official term of "Old Hickory.'* That ardent lover of liberty recognized the Inde pendence uf Texas by sending a diplomatic represchtatlve to her. Still later, when tlie French and Austrian troops had placed Maximilian on the Hirone or the Empire of Mexico, there was not only a'slowness but an abso- 1 lute failure to ivcognlzc Ills government: and his expulsion from Mexico was " due as well lo the decided and determined attitude of tlie United Slates is l<* I'"' prowess of Mexican arms. Plie United States have always recognized the th litem were the first to recognize tne imperial government of HoiuPodro and Itur tilde; and. notwithstanding tlie charge of cold indifference to the success ,.f tlie Spanish-Amcrican revolutionists, they were the first to recognize tlie in dependence of these governments. Under the bonds of their treaty with Spain, they could not tolerate the tltting out of military expeditions in their |xirts; but the revolutionists and the Spaniards were equally permitted to purchase in lier cities all kinds of material not contraband of war. Of this Istth availed themselves to tlie full extent, and the curious spectacle was af. forded of two ships exactly alike, built at the same time, in the same Atner government, and foi love lean shipyard As far as the law «»f nations would jienjiit support to the eause of freedom in South America. We are also charged with withholding "moral one tor the Spanish king, and one for his insurgent subjects. We certainly gave •'material" support. The answers to this arc the repealed resolutions passed in congress to aid the executive any constitutional effort lie might make for the l>enetit of the colonists; and the interest and sympathy expressed through the press and oilier chan nets of publicity. a from gives in In fact, it is inconceivable, not only from what learn from the history of those times, hut from our knowledge of the Arncr charactcr and temper, that we should have occupied a coldly sympa tlictie attitude toward the struggling patriots of South America, and al though President Monroe gave a most scrupulous regard to the observance of our treaty with Spain, and the maintenance of a friendly neutrality, yet he privately and officially repeatedly expressed, as did his cabinet and our most distinguished statesmen, his we can lean tile par warm concern in the affairs of the revolu i'resident Monroe said that the movement in the Spanish provinces ••attracted attention and excited (lie sympathy ol our fellow-citizens from its commencement;'* also that "to «fther claims a just sensibility lias always been felt and frankly acknowledg ed, but they, t inn 1st s. In liis message, to congress in Ik in themselves, could never become an adequate cause of ae tion. " days will Mr. Monroe was still further cm harassed by t he civil wars and dissen sions that prevailed among the revolutionists themselves, and time was ah in some instances, to ascertain what party was entitled the tutely necessary to recognition as a government. It may Ik« noted that when general recognition was accorded in 182:!. bul a short time had elapsed from the triumph of General San Martin at Li ma, in September, 1621, which was, by the revolutionists themselves, sidcred the finishing stroke to Spanish authority, and as such celebrated with great rejoicing from the Atlantic to the Pacific, that a distinguished representative of Mexic con It is somewhat curious should consider the declara tion of the Monroe doctrine. In 182«. as of no "material" advantage to the new republies, and much more so that it as ol no value as giving "moral" it certainly had much to do with arresting the movement design ed by the congresses of the Holy Alliance at Troppau. Laybach, Verona and elsewhere, to reduce the revolting provinces anew to subjection to Ferdinand. Before Mr. Monroe had declared his famous "doctrine." the British minis ter. George Canniug, had informed the Freileh Minister at London with great emphasis, that if tile design of the Holy Alliance was persisted in. Great Britain would acknowledge the independence of the Spanish provin ces. Great Britain decided to weaken Spain, so as to enjoy trade with lier This had been denied her bv the humane and gentle policy of Spain toward lier American subjects, which indicted death upon them Hie penalty for the crime of trailing wit 1 1 any other people than the Span birds. support. in es re late colonies. as in The motive which influenced the executive of the United States more disinterested, although not entirely unselfish, most clearly avowed its belief that was The Holy Alliance had no reform in government •ould come tiirough a revolt of subjects against tlie authority of kings, wlm ruled by divine right, and they had made equally clear their purpose t«i suppress movement in derogation of that right. any "icy hud promptly acted upon that declaration by marching a hundred thousand of their troops into Spain and prostrating a constitutional fortes at the feet of Ferdinand, and bv s pressing the littéral movement in the Piedmont. y sup Tliey then proposed to continue their operations on the western hemisphere for tin* restoration of the Spanish autboity. J'lie Fnited States had not at that, time attained a position among nations that so challenged the respect of Europe as to cause a quarrel with lier to be considered a momentous matter, and they laid a risk to run so grave that the Spanish republicans of America should appreciate it. Scnor Romero cites the historical fact that Mr. Clay, secretary of for eign affairs, icqucsted the ministers of Mexico and Colombia to suspend expedition wliieli their governments were jointly litt of Cuba with a view of wresting that island from the Spanisli ( reasons given by Mr. Clay are mil accepted as sincere by the Mexican Minis ter. who suggests that Mr. Clay feared that the conquest of the I Colombia and Mexico would lead to the. abolition of slavery thereon, belief is based upon the hypothesis that the administration of of an out for the invasion Town. Tlie island liy This in was being con ducted in the interest of slavery in the United States. This administration had for its president John Quincy Adams, a New Englander of very great ability and acconiplislimcnts. hostile to the institution of slavery, and the Hrst representative to Introduce into congress an abolition petition, citizens have been accustomed 1 Our consider Henry Clay as the highest type of frank and fearless American manhood; and will not so lightly discredit Ids sincerity—even in an affair of diplomacy. The reason mentioned as given by Henry Clay was not the only one wliieli lie avowed: but In itself it constituted a sufficient motive for discour aging the proposed expedition. It was not believed that Colombia or Mexl CO. separately or jointly, without navies and without able to bold the island againsl the adverse contention Great Britain. resources, would be of eil tier France or ii was believed that Almut this time and a little after, pieparing a great fleet ami army France was >f invasion to capture Cuba: and at one time there was a general report that possession of the Island had been accomplished by her. Great Britain had been absorbing the Spanish possessions in the West Indies, and was exceedingly anxious to add list the "gem of the Antilles to tlie that the apprehensions of Mr. Clay were not only entirely reasonable, but warranted by the history of the times. Mr. Clay doubted tlie capacity of the Cubans. sn on account of their small numbers, and tlie racial diversity nf the population, to maintain their inde pendence. However much the question of slavery entered into our domestic and foreign policy, it is not easy to understand'how the possession of Cuba hy any power likely to get it would threaten the institution in America, or Great Britain, lashed hy the eloquence of Wilbcrforce paid for and manumitted lier slaves In 1838. France followed, a slow second, in l""- illK * ^ cxico (,i, l "<>t emancipate her own. of which she had very few until several years after the events here considered. Tliere is - even in Cuba. no evidence that the Inhabitants or Cuba had invited the in vasion of Colombia and Mexico, nor that they desired to throw off the Span ish yoke. There was no outbreak there contemporaneous w ith the uprising in the other colonies in Hie hour of Spain's calamity and confusion at home In fact, the Spanish crown, in grateful acknowledge,nent of the loyally of the Cubans in these years of general rebellion, designated her • faithful isle.' ,p, . . 'the ever rile invasion was projected, as far as we can learn, not through sympathy with the Cubans, but from a natural and Colombia and Mexico to deprive their enemy of a ti'ms against them, present and future. The other reason above mentioned was a sincere desire on the part of Hie I lilted States to terminate the long-pmi raeted war betw her colonies, which iiad not only exhausted all the ci sources, but bad subjected the proper desire of convenient base uf ojiera en Spain and un bat,ants of their commerce of the Cnited States to the immer ous pirates who conveniently sheltered themselves under the ensign of or other n the republic*. Mr. Clay was earnestly engaged in urging Russia to bring alKiut a peace, and there seems to be no doubt that the ; Mr. t lay, regarded by Senor Romero as unfrlendlv. vital service to Mexic re one let ion of really of tlie most an " t* 1 " °l' lcr republies, as it made Spain feel tlie necessity of terminating the war with the colonies already gone from lier in order to secure Cuba and Puerto Rico that remained to her (lays business also to protect tlie material Interests of his Our trade with Havana was It was Mr. mvn country. was greater that with all other Spanish oossessions and m view of its injury or destruction by an invasion Mr. Clay frank |i ^ ÙniSd States ,v",di ,te 7 ' and M ' xl "o that the Inu-res.s ,,f the mted States would not permit them to allow on in Cuba. «« anyone derived from s C nor Romero's pajier tlie impression that the 'T, ( , fr " m s P«" w i oppression was thwarted by the intemosltlon l,f u,c l ' ,ltc( * s t»l^ in this affair he may take comfort from the true rea "° ns ''''"«'fed above; and if the prlncipies laid down l,y Mr Clav as si.niei-nt ' lsti " ra ' lfm f,,r ll,s declaration of our policy at that time were mnllcH bv 1 '* ad " ll " is,Patl,m of toda >' ""'re would lx- a prompt interference u, ,, " ar M " t on,y d «*>> a tlnK but destructive and exterminating Cr -n P 0,,r •'"'dness with Havana then, It wan a bagatelle to tl,. \ commerce with her at tlie biginning of tlie present ('uhm . "Z" ° Shortly after the date of Mr t'liv'sol , . ^"i"' the new minister from the nepublic of Cenlrri T " J " St States the -most generous f ri „„, " , lf , lK .'^" C ^ P "' M North American Review , Jni>h a desolating war to be carried as w;ih our revol utionists. —Th# ft FTKK this issue over. ^liall publish only four Scarcity of paf>er and dearth of (.linage necessary. We shall endeavor the condition of affairs in the muni v we pages until the scare Is news will make this teuqsirary to keep our readers fully posted