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EELIC OF THE PAST.
The Talamancans a Forgotten Peo ple of the Isthmus. Their Ancient laafte» aad CuKtoui« Have Not Been Affected by F< Centurie« of Mcil lei a I Span ish Civilisation. Within less than 100 miles of where the United states intends to complete the greatest interoceanlc ditch the world has seen, in territory where the newly created republic of Panama is situated, there dwells an Indian nation that is to all intents and purposes identically the same to-day as it was when Columbus first discovered the western hemisphere. These are the Talamancans. who Inhabit a few square miles lu the mountains almost midway between the two oceans and but a com paratively short distance from the Panama railroad, though it is much to be doubted if they have ever seen it or are aware of its existence. The Scien tific American says that although for upward of four centuries the medieval civilization of Spain has surrounded them on all sides, they have neither been contaminated by its influence nor exterminated by its kindness, as wastbe case in Cuba aud otherSpanish colonies. Their language is still their own, and seems to have lost little of its original character through contact with the ex ecrable mixture of English, Spanish and French spoken by the lower classes throughout the West Indies and along the Spanish Main. Living in virtually an unknown region, at least three days' journey from the nearest settlement, their solitude is seldom broken. The visitor is received with the greatest hos pitality. and is welcome as long as he desires to remain. Their visits to the outer world are infrequent, rarely ex tending beyond the nearest port, and are undertaken only in quest of luxuries. Extra fowls and porkers are bartered on these occasions for tobacco, gewgaws and ammunition. The spear and blow gun are used more than firearms for various reasons. The former are not only infinitely cheaper, but usually more effective in the hands of the Indian than the cheap muzzle-loading fowling piece of French or German origin with its pa per-like Barrel—the only arm he can afford to purchase besides the machete. Their language and customs in some respects resemble those of the score or more of widely differing peoples that are scattered over the territory lying between the Mexican border and the Isthmus. Their ancestors doubtless To the ape m v : J TAI.AMANCAN ROYAL PALACE. Built Hun (Unlq Structure That W dredw of Years Ago.) served Aztec masters ior centuries be fore Cortez appeared on the scene to impose a worse slavery upon them, for they are not of the superior race of which so many reminders in the shape of gold and silver ornaments, stone idols and curious specimens of pottery have been unearthed in quantities in of the Central American states, and be ing the opposite of warlike, they could easily be held in bondage. They are not idolaters in any sense of the word, nor do they profess religion or hold public worship of any nature, though their belief tends more to fear of an evil spirit than faith in a good one; in fact, the Talamancans present an instance of a nation without doctor, lawyer or priest, the "sokee," oral corre sponding to the medicine man of the North American tribes, usually combin ing the functions of all three. Polygamy is the most important feature of their domestic relations, few if any of the ] members of the different tribes being content with less than three to haif dozen wives, while his Talamancan majesty might weil exclaim Launcçiot: "Alas! nothinge." His seraglio is usually bet ter provided in point of numbers. The government of this Indian nation is entirely hereditary, and it is aston ishing lo iearn of the mtyiy points of the doctrine of primogeniture as practiced by (he reigning families of Europe, with which they are familiar, are naturally few in number, both the legislative and judicial power, as is usually the case where no fixed princi ples of either have been acquired, be ing vested exclusively in the king. In common with others in his position the world over, he is a despot, and rules according to royal whim where thisdoes not conflict with long-established cub tom. The marital relation Is held cred. The engagement of a girl begins within a few hours of her birth, the bridegroom-to-be making a contract with the parents at thaï time. It is usually consummated when she reaches the age of ten or twelve, a custom that is responsible for great disparity in the age and longevity of the sexes. with Fifteen wives is Their laws A his and so Found After Maux Years. A pocketbook containing |50 in gold . was lost eight years ago by Mrs. Davolt, of New Boston. Mo. She never heard from it until the other day. when the money was found in a peculiar way. A young man rode up to the Davolt home ind tied his horse to a tree near the house. When he returned for the horse he found that it had pawed a pocketbook out of the earth. It was the one Mrs. Davolt had lost eight years before. Plar wifi, Elephant's Head. A remarkable animal was lately born at Rye, England. It is a boar pig, with the head and features of an elephant. Ore ear is of Immense proportions, and a trunk protrudes from the forehead. Between the trunk and the snout there is a huge eyeball containing two pupils. The Für-« Step. A failure to start oiten saves a mis erable fitiBL— Chicago Daily Newa. are ciai a SOME MIGHTY APES. Valuable Collection Recently Pro* •en ted to Philadelphia Academy of Natural Science«. The Darwinian theory of the descent of man may soon be studied at close range, owing to generosity of a promi nent Philadelphian. Dr. Thomas Biddle, who has just returned from Europe with what is believed to be the most com plete collection of anthropoid apes ever owned by one person. The specimens were obtained from various sources ami prepared by the German taxidermist, Umlauff. Among them is a fine speci men of that rarely secured animal, the gorilla. On account of its immense strength and ferocity when cornered it has been most difficult even to obtain a dead specimen of the gorilla family, it being necessary to risk life in order to track it to its lair in the interior of Africa. The specimen secured by Dr. Biddle was shot by a venturesome Ger man. George Zenker, near the Yaunde station, Western Africa, a little to the north of the equator. The New* York Tribune says that the height of this gorilla is a little over five feet, and the strongest man would f. j j I is of lyj/ z/ ' ,s . JfcJraY NS ¥ AN AFRICAN GORILLA. (Posed for the Camera by the Natives Who Killed Him.) probably be a plaything in its hands. To some monkeys, despite their lack of good looks, the expression "cute" may apply, but it i? not possible to so de scribe the gorilla. With his Hat nose, enormous jaws and protruding teeth, the thick neck and bulging chest, this ape is far from the human ideal of a handsome animal. When he can, the gorilla will run front a man, and as no one has been particularly anxious to come to close quarters with him, it is not possible to speak with assurance of his mode of life. It is said that he travels for the most part on all fours, and only rises on his hind legs to resist attack. It is also said that he builds himself a home in the trees. The collection contains three speci mens of the chimpanzee. One is the ordinary chimpanzee, another the bald chimpanzee and the third a variety called the Koola Kamba. The chimpanzees are more intelligent than the gorilla, and have been trained in captivity to do tricks. Naturalists have been long at odds as to the number of their species, as well as those of the orang-outang, of which a line specimen is included in the collection presented to tne Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia by Dr. Biddle. The speci men presented by Dr. Biddle has a great lateral expansion of the cheeks. 23 a the so BISMARCK OF JAPAN. MnrqtilK Ito, Who««* Death I« Alleged to Have Iteei fin n tic «I by a Tokio AiMnioln. Marquis Ito, a plot against whose life has just been disclosed, is a statesman of great renown, and also an able naval and military officer. He commanded the fleet in 1894 when the Japanese ships, though considerably fewer in number, destroyed the Chinese navy. ¥ 1 , ;</ r THE MARQUIS ITO. (Japan's Greatest Statesman and One of the World's Cleverest Diplomats.) Ito has been prime minister on two or three occasions, and for 25 years has been the dose adviser of the mikado. He has traveled extensively in Europe and America, has studied political sci ence with the utmost care, and at times has been called by his admirers the Bis marck and the Gladstone of Japan, COREAN OFFICIALS. The Noble \rt «1 -M|il«e<l—Hlnek) er> in Officialdom. >f Gi ift 1« Not De id Drib ni In view of the negotiation» now being carried on between Russia and Japan, the picture which we give here of Coreaff government officials is specially inter esting. At least 20 per cent, of the whole population of Corea belongs lo the official class, for every one wants to live a life of ease at the expense of his fellow countrymen, says Golden Penny. A Corean government official does not think so much of the honor of serving his country as of ihe opportunities he has for effecting "squeezes," that is to say. the levying of blackmail, the re ceiving of bribes from persons having business with his superior, the right to travel everywhere at the public expense and other "pickings." The government appointments are open to competition, so every one ought to have an equal chance. The successful candidates, however, are usually those who pay the best, or have the most interest. There are eight governors of provinces lx Coreo, and 332 prefects, and each off! ciai has. according to his rank or « ealth a body of secretaries, seal bearers, tax gatherers, soldiers, polie« and otta servants. FARMER AND PLANTER. ! THE MAN WHO KNOWS HOW. The Parmer** luce«*«« In 1004 De* pend* Largely l pon Well Matured rimming. it of It is worth while to plan. All real success is the result of plans. Plans well laid and persistently carried out do not often fail. The success of next year's plans will depoDd to a consid erable degree upon the plans made now. All who have observed closely this 1903 have seen a year of extraordi nary weather conditions. Through all of these many have come with good crops. These planned well in 1903. Deep soil, which was not stirred wet, has produced good crops in spite of the peculiar weather conditions. These soils have absorbed the excess of rain and resisted the excess of heat and drought. Thousands who grew rest less and plowed wet lands, have seen their mistakes emphasized by the fail ure of the crops. We should all learn from these extremes of weather the wisdom of deep, fall plowing, and shallow spring and summer cultiva tion. We should learn to trust and co operate with providence rather than try to force providence to bend to our plans and yield to our errors. Nature's laws are ail good and change not at our bidding. Obey them and you will succeed. Violate them and you will fail. a in on There are many lessons we should heed, but one very largely affecting ail of our success deserves careful eon j sidération: We can not force success j no matter how much we try, when I we go contrary to nature's laws. This is true of each one of us, atjd it is true of all of us. It will be the same if we all join together. We can not pre vent water from washing the land if we plow shallow'. We can not make soil productive if we plow wet. For years past we have done all we could to force a very large yield of cotton, but we plowed shallow and wet and fertilized foolishly and we failed. This year we greatly increased the acreage in cotton and greatly in creased the quantity of fertilizers. But we have signally failed to produce a large crop. Imperfect stands, fail ure to come up promptly, growing off slowly, rust, bol! worm, caterpillar, etc., have made a light yield. And now this is cut short by an early, kill ing frost. The full extent of damage from the frost, will not be known until the picking Is ended. Week after week we will realize it more and more. We bear men argue that a half stand will make more than a full stand. If that be true why do we plant for a stand and hoe for a stand and plow for a stand? Why not just change our plans and half do the whole business? This argument will not do. We have never been able to pick any cotton from the missing places In our fields. Our cotton has grown upon stalks and not in the open air without any stalk. The crop is short; the price is nigh. If we «ell slowly we will see still higher prices.—Southern Culti vator. ere, bee it is of is in a THE TURPENTINE INDUSTRY. 0,eratui tux the In the Sooth Are Adnpt v Method of El. tract 1 ng Turpentine. The discovery of a new way of ex tracting turpentine, made two years ago by Dr, Charles H. Herty. working under the direction of the bureau of forestry, I,i resulting in a complete change of methods by turpentine op erators all over the south. In a bulletin published- last spring by the bureau of forestry the claim was made that the experiments with the new cup and gutter system of turpentining had resulted in an in crease over the old boxing system of 23 per cent, in the amount of the product extracted. This figure has now been raised to more than 3G per cent. In other words, Dr. Herty's sys tem, when universally adopted in the south, as it is bound to be sooner or later, will have raised the turpentine production of this country oy more than a third, provided the samo num ber of trees are used. Two years ago, when Dr. Herty first made known his discoveries, he put 20,000 cups into operation. Last year this figure was increased to about 400,000. This year a conservative estimate places the number of cups to be used at 3,000,000. The figures give some indication of the rapidity with which turpentine operators are adopting the new sys tem. The change of methods has been so rapid that the pottery company which undertook to supply operators with earthen cups has been unable to keep up tfith its orders and has been obliged to refuse contracts for over two million cups. It is safe to say that the majority of the large turpen tine operators in ttiis country have given up the boxing system and will extract their turpeutine by means of cups and gutters. The economic saving of this new discovery is enormous It not only causes a great increase in the amount of turpentine produced, but it is a most important factor in saving the pine forests of the south. Every one knows that trees from which turpen tine has been extracted by the old method—"boxed" timber it is called— soon die from the wounds inflicted on them. The cup and gutter system, on the other hand, is not fatal to the life of the tree, and does very little damage to the timber. The bureau of forestry has arranged to give the personal assistance of Dr. Herty to turpentine operators who de sire to install the new system.— U. S. Bureau of Forestry Bulletin. a of in as a THE VALUE OF LEGUMES. Ritracting I'VrtlllziiiK From tbe Air One of Their Most Valuable Fonction«. Material Natural laws of plant life are very Instructive to tbe tillers of the soil. Prof. Voo'i b , w-iu Is reliable, made very clear, in some experiments how cow-pcas take nitrogen from the at mosphere and deposits it in the sol!. He grew plants in large pots, so that he could tell exactly what happened to the soli. Before the row-peas were planted the soli was analyzed so that the exact amount of nitrogen which It contained was known. The cow-peas were grows without any fertilizer, and ! and the tope »ere cut off eloee to the soil about as one would In making hay. After this crop was taken off the soil was analysed again and It coats iced more nitrogen thaï. It did before ttts crop was planted. Let us think wh*t that means. Here was average soli which produced a fair crop of cow peas, and still had more nitrogen left than before! No one will believe that the nitrogen climbed into that soil and lay down, a willing captive! Nitrogen isn't built that way—it is constantly trying to escape, and such experiments prove that the cow-pea is one of na ture's policemen and that he knows how to arrest the runaway. We un derstood from this what it means to a field or farm to have a crop of cow peas growing every few years in poor er soil. Another thing which Prof. Voorhees has shown is the fact that the gain of nitrogen to the soil is greater when no nitrogen is used as a manure. It seems to be settled that the cow-pea is like a majority of hu mans. It will not hustle for its nitro gen unless it has to do so. On a poor soil and well supplied with potash and phosphoric add, the cow-pea will se cure nitrogen from the air In rich soil or where nitrogen is added as a fertil izer, the plant will lake that first of all. Therefore the way to use peas is to plant them on the poorest soil and use a fair dressing of potash and acid phosphate with them,—Southern Agri culturist, I do not think it would be possible to get as good an egg yield a» I repot t without the best of care in feeding. My poultry have been fed three times a day, just as^carefully and thoroughly as work horses or fattening stock. Another thing which will add largely to the profit is to market all surplus poultry as early as possible. A duck ten weeks old will cost less than bait what one will four months old, and will bring just as much money. Early chicks no larger than quail will often bring more money than those that are kept twice as long. During nearly the entire four months in which my eggs were sold, as reported, the huck sters were paying but seven cents per dozen in cash, and the grocers eight cents in tra^e: but by contracting my eggs to a largo boarding house, warranting every egg to be fresh, and seeing that it was so, I received al ways two cents or more above the market price. When no nest eggs are left in the nests, and one person gath ers the eggs every day, keeps thorn in a cool place, and markets regularly on a given day each week, it is per fectly safe to warrant the eggs, for they can not be otherwise than per fectly fresh and good—Southern Farmer. amJ will cap "'I The Bee Hum! ne*«. There are bee keepers and bee kcî^p ere, bee fanciers, and bee cranks practical bee keepers and imitation bee keepers. The latter class »re those who have heard of some one making big money out of bees, those who have a neighbor that has se cured a good crop of honey and sold it at a fair price, and they imagine he is getting rich fast, so they want some of it, too. They imagine that all that is necessary is to procure a few colo nies of bees and set them under the shade of an old aple tree and after that hive the swarms and take the honey in the autumn. They think that bees gather honey from the time the first flowers bloom in the spring un til frost has killed all vegetation in the late autumn. Should any such bee keeper read this article I would advise him to do one of two things, either sell his bees to some one *ho understands caring for them or else make a thorough study of the business and make a practical bee keeper of himself. And I might add right b*?re that he must not expect to do this in six months or even within one year progressive Bee Keeper. HERE AND THERE. —In nearly ail cases a hog that !» kept penned up in a close pen with i board floor will get stiff or become criplod in some way. —Recently a carload of acorn fed razor-back hogs from Arkansas shiped to Kansas City and brought the highest prices on the market. —The soil for Irish potato«: spring should be deeply and thorough ly plowed now, or as soon as convent ent, and the sooner it is convenient tilt better. —Large Yorkshire pigs have been bred In England for a hundred years, with the view to producing lean meal instead of fat. Hence they are called "the bacon breed." Tf next —There is no fertilizer that varies true as stable manure so much In This variation Is caused by the man ner in which the stuff is kept and the amount of fitter it contains. —A goose has been known to sit foi a month on a stone, when her eggs have been taken from her. Hens will sit nearly as long Here is more fidelity than commue sense. —Cotton seed meal is an excellent addition to the daily ration of fowls of all sorts. If mixed with oats and bran, put about one pint of ihe meal to a gallon of mixture. We have used this with good results for sev eral years. —Geese are grossere and will do well on any green pasture. If they have access to a creek so much the better, but they can bo successfully grown without water to swim in. But in fattening they need some good, sound grain every day. —The blackbirds are eating the boii weevils. Mr. V. J. Hutcherson, a Tex as farmer, reports that his son killed a blackbird, in the craw of which were 21 boll weevils, some still alive. Ht thinks it is a good Idea to encourage the blackbirds. —The only change betwoen summet and winter feeding for fowls should be that which is unavoidable, except that more corn may be given in win fer than summer. Green feed and meat scraps can be made to take the place of grass and Injects which abound in summer. —Closely calculate how many acres you can cultivate In any given crop in an average season; then reduce thal number to one-third and plant. You will make more, provided you put as much judicious cultivation on the two thirds as you expected to put on the larger are » a door knob ? ? I ? ? ll ADMIRAL SCHLEY ENDORSES PE-RU-NA. Pe-ru-na Drug Co., Columbus, Ohio: Gentlemen : '7 can cheerfully say that M rs. Schley has taken Pe-ru-na and / believe with good effect." W. S. SCHLEY. Washington, D. C. A DMIRAL SCHLEY, one of the foremost I notable heroes of the Nineteenth Century, i A name that starts terror in the heart of every ! Spaniard. A man of steady nerve, clear head, j undaunted courage and prompt decision. j Approached by a friend recently, his opinion was asked as to the efficacy of Périma, the national catarrh remedy. Without the slight est hesitation he gave this remedy his en dorsement. It appeared on later conversa- [ tion that Périma has been used in his family, where it is a favorite remedy. Such endorsements serve to indicate the wonderful hold that Périma has upon the j minds of the American people. It is out of the question that so great and famous a man as Admiral Schley could have any other reason for giving his endorsement to Périma than his positive conviction that the remedy is ali that he says it is. The fact is that Périma has overcome all Ask Your Druggist for free Pe=ru-na A Imanac for 1904. < lut nil Tin* Manila A l»iou 1.1« t* !•'<» tiii<J. lut* <lif*«*overeri "thr* He lit I» iii.iing an ndenng Dawn. \ Buotini«' editor <*i t ht* T just utartcd l okyo. TR the public: greeting "Thin paper ha* come from Her it dart« it« circulation with millu ium* ot numbers. Ehe rays ot the mid, the f the .»tars, the leaves of the trees, he blade« of gross, the grams of «and, the hearts of tigers, elephants, lions, ants, amJ wojueu are it* subscribers. 'I hi« joi will henceforth flow in the universe a; rivers How and the oc ami I beams nul he •an* «urge. The Kffeet of «looping in Car*. the contracting of cold. which often ult« seriounly to the lung«. Never neglect a cold, but take in Cherokee* Remedy of Sweet (»u. time Tavior'n and j • Mullein natures great cough At druggist«, 25c., 50c., and $1.00 a bottle. "That cap and a pa "'I o serve hi* own end*, 1 suppose, ton Tiger. They who court lame never w Rain'* Horn. u Brow ha* just bought n f »f skate*.." "What lor Pi in it.— HEALTH is the Most Important No one can tell good baking powder from bad merely by the appearance; The price is some guide, but not Some cheap brands ma unwholesome ingredients. There is one safe, sure way, i. e., to follow the recommendations of the infallible an one; raise the dough, yet contain % di U. S. GOVERNMENT ANALYSTS, THE HIGHEST AUTHG! ^ '5 ON HYGIENE THROUGHOUT THE »/ORLD, THE BEST HOUSEKEEPERS EVERYWHERE BAKING POWDER PURE ROYAL ABSOLUTELY V'<sf'*ot"OX"CX"C<"af"Cg"0<'*ct"Cg-c<"Ä , *o<-*c<**c<"OC**ot'*c<'X'*ot"Ot'-o4-cg"CX''Ot ? Make Lazy Liver ? You know very well how you feel when your liver don' Bile collects in the blood, bowels become constipated and whole system is poisoned, A lazy liver is an invitation for a * thousand pains and aches to come and dwell with you. Your X life becomes one long measure of irritability and despondency À and bad feeling. S I k our k CANDY CATHARTIC [•73 Tnr [•j ? Act directly, and in a peculiarly happy manner on the liver and bowels, cleansing, purifying, revitalizing every portion of tile liver, driving all the bile from the blood, as is soon shown by in creased appetite for food, power to digest it, and strength to throw off the waste. Beware of imitations! 10c., 25c. All druggists. ? i J. JR W ll Best for the Bowels II : ALL-STONE CURE. "Craemer'* Calculus Cure w ■ W««a« VVBIH« 1« a Certain Remedy FOR GALL STONES, Ston** in the Kidnty». Btouen intho Urinary Bladder or Urwl.MlfoiiM**», falloir Complexion. Jaunfl and Ml fttomacbTroiibltn rear; I Dug from Billon <ne»*. Writ« for uarllrnlar*. Ifroar dragfdnt <1 not h«epfkerder from WM. «IRA KMI'.lf- 4 IOO h. Grand Av«*., HT. 1.01/1«, ï>xu/aaz«iTff wjd •upi'I.y you z>zb.bot. G !» .Ion I, iliiiM., ÏIO pinp .M«!, ■ Ml- I* etl, bhmnmn. -i H ilf l the Mi H iq:yi "AI w I .' ctrlaiiiicd Mi*« Speit/., J H.ilHle.fd Vlr HuKKiii* had tfhou!_(iei>." Stra\ wiiew I heard hi: telling my father that m old head on young i fork* off tTe Quinine Tablets-. Price 2ft ce i Id. Laxative Ihonio A mille o Itii 1Vo> Cure for Cons lath hie medic! fckvnvuel, Oc î for cough- and «..Ids. N W. «• N. Feb. 17, 1900. (J Nobility of char ■ loopholes w door* Marv K Wilk hen it !'"• provid v. Hi huge Putnam Fädele» per package. I J)\ cost but 10 <•( it« digenre, Kelt-indulgence i* tiir ciet of Chn-ago Tribune, I opposition and has won its way to the hearts i of the people. The natural timidity which ! so many people have felt about giving j dorsements to any remedy is giving way. j Gratitude and a desire to help others has inspired thousands ( testimonials for Périma w ho heretofore would not have consumed to such publicity, Never before in the annals of medicine has it happened that si and international •n t |>coplr to jrive J MU /III many mon ot national reputation have been will ing to give mu)uaiifipil and public endorse ments to a proprietary remedy. No amount of advertising could have accomplished such a result. Périma has won on its own merits, Périma cures catarrh of whatever phase or location in the human body. That is why it receives so many notable and unique, en dorsements. Address The Périma Drug M'f'g Co., Co lumbus, Ohio, for free literature on catarrh. AW EXPERT. lie etl h Confidential <Tf*rl.*hl|> «um» Ht* Could lit* Ven itr< C oiilltlfiilliil. that shortl Iter he i Mil ll head < he P«>n by a old •p il g' id an ap| \d the .«•■4 of thut tie pui I < tact lii.it 1 na» J> busy Mi. Shaw. "I t of an hour, lor It it I he ■ e bette P ; pleasant a old eh a p as ■ bng.it. el t p| d H (»I t of hi* V felt •-go. I hat he c ply with lit Kpiesl. he info II ha he did ot see h. hi i.« gi' 1 appointment Tin- did mit. da I pel the least. s spirit "Now. ' hi it! he. "as I »eel 3 »Ht pec these .-o liarly <'ll qualified to till one b de n I ial eleikstiip». I hope that you will COD* rider v application J •liier." I . wagging his head a«i*t he added earnerth : "Oh. ipt <•*•*. y ely, cnfideuti.il !" 1 j Millions of U.M.C. Shot Shells, are Bold each year. They are made in the largest cartridge factory In the world. Tbe UNICH METALLIC 6MTR1DCE GO. ORIQGEf'Or.T, CONN Your denier atilt them. Catalog *cnt upon request. m It m E IfDROPSrpil -ÆgrjW cire 30 to to days. Trial treatment free. STUB Or. H. H. Green'« Sens. Bo« D. Atlanta, «c. P ATENTQ ds-pngobonk'rang, JlTZOB JaS K.'jvàehtnsOmTixt;. A. N. K.-F L'OOO »nt» r/KITIAB TO UtVEItTIftKIiH »»« the AU vertu«» plüiite «täte that yn meut la lbtij>aii6».