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Devoted to the Industrial, Commercial and Agricultural Development of the State's In comparable Resources Items of Interest Picked Up Here and There »A c* J By H. E. BLAKESLEE, Jackson. Under the caption of "Young Men Wanted,'' one of the brightest Missis sippi papers makes a strong plea that should be read and digested by every young man who is upon the threshold of life: is Wanted from the street cor from the loafers' rendezvous; the idlers' promenade. Turn your steps into the highway of noble aim and earnest work. There are successful goes through the "There is in the young man an up which to his elevation, and Every young man in wanted ! ners ; from prizes enough for every worker; crowns enough for every hon orable head that smoke of conflict to victory. springing of lofty sentiment contributes though there are obstacles tc he sur mounted and difficulties to be van -1 quished. yet, with truth for his watch word. leaning on his own noble pur pose and exertions, he may crown his brow with honors. He may wear the warrior's crimson wreath, the poet's chaplet of bays, or statesman's laurels, though no grand universal truth may at his bidding be confessed to the world, though it may never be bis to bring to a successful issue a great political resolution—to be the founder of a republic whose name shall be the 'distinguished star in the constellation of nations'—yea more, though his name may never be heard beyond the limits of his own neighborhood, yet his mission is none the less a high and holy one. "But why do so few young men of early promise, whose wise hopes, pur poses and resolves were as radiant as the colors ot the rainbow, fail to dis tinguish themselves? The answer is obvious. They vote themselves to the toilsome which is the price of never the are not willing to de cul success. Whatever aptitude for particular pur her fa vorite children, she conducts none but the laborious and studious to distinc tion " vege and in t uro suits nature may donate to * * * The movement of Mississippi tables to the North has begun, a few days solid trainloads of the re sult of our thrift and industry will be going away to bring in return the golden harvest. es evi of last perraa ♦ * * The 5 azoo City Business League is doing splendid work for that pro sive city. The work of rebuilding the finely, and town is progre dene es of the 1 ir di ster spring will soon neatly. It comes forth brighter an> better than ever. The been concentrating its ters of local interest and correcting matters at home before begi be effaced has ieague efforts on mat % IS ig a ! campaign for foreign capital and in dustries. Secretary Cole is proving a hard working and efficient man, and the league is well pleased with the selection made some months since. Such an organization is necessary to the welfare of every progressive town, and Yazoo City is entitled to be men tioned every time under that head. Every loyal Mississippian is proud of her record for thrift and enterprise during the past few years. ♦ 5$ ♦ G. B. McNiece, of Lee county, killed a hog recently that weighed 591 fe to say that the meat Mr. AIcNiece did not ac tually cost him three cents per pound. It is home consumption in Mississippi at a very a criminal act not to do so. * * * Immigration agents of the Frisco ystem have been through the North rn portion of the State recently, and expressed themselves as pleased with the outlook for business in that sec tion. They promise to bring down some people from their country to take advantage of the land values and excellent climate offered here. Once we get the tide of immigration turned in this direction, there will be no trouble in securing all the settlers we desire. Our natural advantages, coupled with cheap lands, hospitable people and other things, will attract them when the opening is called to their attention. We need good people and will always accord them a hearty welcome. The true Southern gentle man only knows how to do this prop erly. pounds. It is killed by to raise enough meat for easy smal 1 expense, and it is almost ? Si t • • • The cotton mills in Mississippi are I • seemingly especially prosperous at the present time. They all report or ders ahead to keep them busy the [ greater part of the year. The MeComb City mill has an order for $30.000 worth of goods to be rushed through : to New York for export. Other mills I report as large or larger orders; one ! an order for China. It is gratifying to note the success of Mississippi mills. While those in other sections [ of the country were shutting down or running short time on account cf slack business, the Mississippi mills i were running on full or forced time to keep ahead. No new mills have been built in the past two years, but L several have increased their plants in I ' that time to handle the business avail - able. It is a sensible proposition to build cotton mills where the raw' ma terial is produced, and the manu [ factured article used. The next few I years will, no doubt, show a large in ' crease in cetton manufacturing in the ! South. • « ■> The popularity of Mississippi securi ties was again evidenced some days since when the city of Aberdeen of- • fered $70.000 of 5 per cent sewerage bonds. A large number of bidders w'ere hand and the competition spirited, on They were bought by the F8rst Nailonal Bank of Aberdeen at a premium of i It also speaks well for the f $3,350. present condition of the State when her banks come into ihe market in competition with the great centers of the country and buy the securities we offer, * * * No questioning the general object of the cotton growers' organization, which undoubtedly is for the best in terest of the planters, but one thing advocated by them is certainly a fal lacy. That is the reduced consump tion of fertilizers. Would it not be far better to use as much fertilizer as usual and reduce the acreage? If it pays to use fertilizer at one time it does at another. Then, the less fer tilizer used the less market for the seed which furnishes the foundation for nearly all fertilizers used in Missis sippi. * * . on the list of new concerns for the capital of old Tippah. May she ever prosper, j ! Laurel estimates that $100,000 will be distributed in the section tributary to that city in the next few weeks by the trucking industry. It is a difficult matter to estimate correctly just how much benefit this amount of money will be to Laurel and the surrounding j country, coming as it does at a time ■ when there is no other crop for i market to bring money. After the truck is off the land it will be planted in corn, cotton, grain and other crops and Ripley reports the location of a new industry capitalized at $5,000 for the purpose of working up some of the excellent timber that abounds in that section. The money has been sub scribed and work on the buildings will socn begin. A canning factory is also * * * give up the usual yield. It is a | great country, indeed, that can raise ; two or three profitable crops in a sea j son. and the w riter feels confident | that if the farmers of Illinois labored | under such favorable conditions their ! land, instead of being worth from $100 ! to $200 per $500. sippi. and the only unpleasant feature connected with the whole business, is ; that we had to imnort men to discover it. acre, would readily bring There is no country like Missis * * * West Point chronicles ths addition of 100 families to the population since December. Business is good and the way. The I rich prairie region surrounding it fur splendid backing, and West Point promises to continue in the j path trod for the past few years, ; town is flourishing in every | nishes a # * # A party of Michigan people have purchased a large tract of land near j Scranton, and will settle a colony j thereon. They are delighted with ! that section, and will be the means of [ many more people coming down to ood things being enjoyed by their former neighbors. ! s h are the ! . ❖ * Some of the counties in the State are investigating the matter of erect ing a central warehouse for cotton where it can be stored, insured and otherwise cared for until the farmer is ready to sell or the price will justify. This is a good plan for those counties without a compress or other storage facilities. It would be a great help toward holding cotton until the price suited the farmer. * * * A. J. Chapman, of Waynesboro, will plant twelve acres in water melons this season for shipment North. Last season he had in eight acres, and cleared off that much ground over $500. The melon industry promises to receive more attention at the hands of our farmers than heretofore. * * * Many people from the North and West, came to Mississippi last week seeking locations, and are now scat tered out looking at the country and studying conditions. They are almost sure to be charmed with our section, and no doubt a large per cent of them will decide to permanently locate -with us. * * * The location of mills and factories always create a large demand for vegetables and farm products. Fac tory employes generally do not have the time or inclination to engage ir. raising garden or field stuff, and the market gardner is a great beneficiary of such industries. * * * What has become of tne agitation of last year to grow broom corn and make our own brooms? The subject was one worthy of investigation to the fullest extent. Any soil that will grow corn will grow broom corn. About $50 worth can be raised to the acre, depending altogether on the price per ton. It requires some attention, but is not nearly so hard to handle suc cessfully as some try to think. Enough could be raised at least, to supply the State with broom chinery is necessary to work the brush into brooms, and any ordinary labor can attend to all except the tying out. Let's hear something from those who have tried the business as to what they think there is in it for a man who would give it his time and attention. But little ma « * * Dozens of planters throughout the Sta.e continue to write for names of agencies that will supply Italian la bor. Some want the labor right now', while others will not expect to get it by planting time. The best Italian labor comes from the North of Italy, and it w'ould be impossible to get it here in time for planting the crops. However, parties desiring pickers for fall might do well to begin making arrangements now to be in good time. The writer cannot offer a sugges tion as to the reliability c-f this labor. knowing nothing personally about it. but those who have tried them report fairly good success. MISSISSIPPI MATTERS Levee Improvement Work. The work of improving the levees in the Yazoo-Mississippi levee dis trict will soon be under way. Re cently the bonds of the board were sold to the amount of $350,000. and this will be used in the work of im provement. The first thing to be done is to construct a loop levee around Folk's Landing, where some seventy-five feet of embankment has caved in and the river is close to the base of the old levee. Mississippi Medical Association. The various county medical socie ties in Mississippi are now holding their final meetings preparatory to .the annual session of the Mississip pi Medical Association to be held on the 19th of April. Nearly all the county societies will meet early in April, and some of the papers read at these meetings will be brought to the State association. Experimental Work Progressing. Prof. IV. L. Hutchinson, director of the Mississippi agricultural ex periment station, made an inspec tion trip to the branch experiment station at McNeill last week. He reports that the work on the various experiment farms is progressing nicely, and some important experi ment ventures are to be undertaken during the year. Webster County Land Assessment. Notice has been received by the State auditor that the board of su pervisors of Webster county has de cided to make a land a: -ment for the year 1905. This is the sixth county in the State to order a land assessment, and it means a very neat increase in the State assess ment roll for the coming year. Will Investigate Depot Fires. The Yazoo & Mississippi Valley railroad during the past few weeks has suffered from quite an unusual number of depot fires, and depots at the following places have been burned : Teliula, Bee Lake, Jtta Bona, G win and Morehead. The railroad officials are making an in vestigation of these fires to ascertain if any of them were of an incen diary origin. I o Make It Still Better. The officers Issemblv at Ci of the Chautauqua la 1 Springs are getting their plans in shape for the assembly tin's summer. Plans are on foot to make the Chautauqua much better than it has ever been before, notwithstanding the fact Hint it has for many years been re garded as one of the best in the South. Bonds for Street Paving. The mayor and board of aldermen of Greenwood have given notice of their intention to issue $50,000 bonds on the first Tuesday in April for street paving purposes, election will doubtless have to be or dered as a protest against the bond issue will he filed before the board on the above date. An West Point Is Growing. It is stated that 100 families have been added to the population of Y est Point since the first of De eem tv. This is evidence of a pret ty substantial growth. Will Issue School Bonds. The hustling little town of Wig gins, in Harrison county, has given notice that it is going to i bonds in the sum of $10,000 for the purpose of erecting a schoolhouse. Greenwood's Cotton Receipts. Greenwood's cotton receipts to date are about 3,000 bales in excess of last year's total receipts. Re ceipts to September 1 will very like Iv reach the 100,000 sue its 1 ■ marie. Roundhouse to Be Removed. Rumor has it that the roundhouse and repair shops of the issippi Valley railroad at Tchu la will at no distant date moved to Greenwood. After the Beef Trust. government officials are qui etly and diligently conducting their investigation inio the workings of the Beef Trust in this State. Noth ing will be given out as to what has been discovered, but it is that considerable be gathered. Beauvoir Home in Good Condition. State Auditor Henry, member of the executive committee board of directors of the Beauvoir Home, reports that the institution now has a capacity for sixty veter ans. and is filled to the limit. Prep arations for the spring gardening at Beauvoir are well under examination of the books and ac counts shows that the home is in good financial condition, and is prospering in. every way; Yazoo A 81 l. uo re The expected information will of the wav. An WOOD AS A PHOTOGRAPHER. Some Varieties Are Found to Be Far More Active Than Are Others. A curious property of wood, whereby it is able to photograph itself in the dark, is described by Dr. William J. Russell in a paper recently read before the London Royal society. This prop erty has been shown by experiments to belong probably to all woods, some woods, however, being much more ac tive than others. To obtain a picture the wood must be in contact with or at a little distance above the photographic plate and must remain there for times varying from half an hour to 18 hours and be at a temperature not higher than 131 degrees Fahrenheit. The wood of the conifers is active and gives pictures which are definite. If the action exerted on the plate be owing 'to the presence of hydrogen* peroxid, as has been suggested, it must be produced by the resinous bodies present in the wood, but it is remarka ble that there is no action from the dark autumn w 7 ood. Resin exists in the dark rings, but apparently under such conditions that it cannot escape. With the spruces the action on the plate is not so definite. With regard to w r oods other than conifers, oak and beech are both active and give good pictures, as do also acacia (Robinia), Spanish chestnut and sycamore. On the other hand, ash, elm. horse chest nut and plane are in comparison but slightly active, erally. but not always, give a good pic ture. Knots in a wood gen DISCOVERY OF PEAT BATHS. Treatment Now Quite Generally Ap proved the Result of an Accident. The discovery of the value of peat baths was made accidentally many years ago. On'the coast of Finistère there lived at one time a poor family. The father of i.ie family eked out a scanty living by killing aged cattle and divesting them of their skins. The ghastly remains he sold to tan ners and refiners. Of the three children which belonged to this couple one was a poor creature, delicate and wretched and apparently half-witted. The mother was so ashamed of this boy that she could not bear to have the child in her sight. Consequently he spent most of his time, half clothed and badly fed. roll ing about in the peat bogs which were behind the cottage. Little by little it was noticed that the child proving in health, that his skin was becoming as tair and soft as a peach, his eyes bright and his spirits and ac tions those of a strong, healthy boy, instead of a half-witted little animal. The old country physician on one of his rounds noticed the improved conditions of the boy and mentioned the fact and the cause at conference in Paris, the use of the peat hath, which leaves far behind any other kind of hydro thérapie cure known to this day and its success is becoming greater each season. was im a medical The result was INDIAN A POOR SOLDIER. West Point Training May Be Intro duced at the Carlisle Schools. Army officers do not agree with the Indian commissioners as to the value of converting the Carlisle school into a sort of aboriginal West Point. There has never been much milita: confi dence in the Indian as a soldier and it is doubtful, says a recent report, if the training for that purpose at Car lisle will be regarded as a specially profitable change in the character of the training at that institution. There is admittedly another side to the project in that the Indian may be made a better and more useful man by the education of the youth at Car lisle for military service. There is no question that the discipline wil be a good thing, even should the students fail of conversion into suitable sol diers. The experience of the govern ment with the Indian as a trooper was not entirely satisfactory, but it must be said, also, that in the early days the Indian had no such training as is proposed at Carlisle. There is no lack of appreciation that the new- commissioner of Indian af fairs. Mr. Leupp. understands the In dian question better than any of his predecessors, and his plan for the im provement of the Indian youth wilf be received with due respect. Repairs at Sea. The latest addition to the American navy is a floating machine shop for repair of warships at sea. This has been constructed and equipped with the necessities of the modern war fleet, far from its regular base, in mind. In the Spanish-American war many of our warships were sent from Cuban waters to Key West to coal, then improvements have been that enable battleships and vessels to coal at sea. a portant matter in time of war. Since made smaller most im If the new' floating machine shop comes up to expectations a battle fleet may estab lish a temporary base near a scene of action and change it to meet the exigencies of an engagement.—Chicago Inter Ocean. Still Sa£er. The eminent statesman wrote a con. fidential letter to a constituent. He read it carefully «trough. Then he added. "P. S.—Burn this." Then he held the letter up anf. looked at the postscript. "That's good advice," ho said. And he burned it hiea*«lf.—Chicago Tribune. Upturn ©raöps Intima attö Sfratea Primais By CHARLES L. BAINE. General Secretary of Boot and Shoe Workers* Union. HERE is no necessary conflict between trade schools as such, conducted by the state, and trade unions. Unionism has ever been the foremost advocate of the fullest and freest op portunities for all to acquire an education. The trade school adhering to its true principles, work and objects, is in the in terest of workers, employers and industries. The principle underlying the trade school and the opportunities and advan tages it places within the reach of the individual are the prin ciples. opportunities and advantages of education, and insep arable from unionism. The state or public school solves for the individual the problem of how to acquire a technical knowledge of, and practical efficiency in, any chosen trade or industrial pursuit for a livelihood. The trade union is the next logical step of the graduate of the trade school. Here the work of the trade union begins. It must direct its power, influence and energy to safeguarding the trade school, the work ers' school, from the evil designs of employers, and unionize the grad uates. T It cannot hope to successfully maintain a high standard of wages and conditions by denying to rising generations of workers the opportu nities to fit themselves to earn a livelihood. A high standard of wages and conditions of employment must be maintained through or: of the workers. That standard will be determined by the extent the workers absorb unionism. >amzation The work and object of the trade school is, in reality, corelated with the work and objects of the trade union. There are no inherent evils connected with the trade school. Doubtless the employer will take ad vantage of every opportunity to pervert the trade school for his own ends, but this perversion must be prevented by unionizing the students and not by denying or destroying their educational opportunities. Organized labor views with suspicion the sincerity of the argument of the employer, that trade schools arc necessary to the retention and :on of our foreign markets, and a sufficiency of skilled help to suc cessfully operate our industries at all times is lacking. This suspicion is and justified in view of the increased opportunities which an in exter natural creasing surplus of skilled workers turned out yearly would give to the employers to attack bv the trade schools wages and impose worse condi tions of employment. The problems growing out of trade schools must he sensibly met by trade unions. Educate the workers outside and inside the trade scho< to the opportunities, advantages and nece and promotive force operating in the interests be trade schools established throughout the land. , and safeguard them against the evil designs tv of unionism as a protective f the workers. Let there o Make them trade union of the unfairly prote: disposed employer, and labor has nothing to fear from trade schools. The masses of colored a*- people at the south are J very much in the posi tion of a race who arc entering upon life in a new country. The prob lems confronting a race who are laying the foun dations of living in a new territory relate mainly to the securing the building of homes, the production of food and the securing of educa tion. It is because of these conditions which confront the masses of our people in the south that I advocate the great importance of education, not only of the head and heart, but of the hand as well, so that the foundation can be properly laid in the material directions to which I have referred. In this- connection I am glad to add that the old prejudice which ex isted against industrial education or hand training our people has almost completely disappeared, for the negro to lay his foundations in the south, at cheap rates on easy terms, bor are very largely in the hands of members of my race. And we will continue to be a potent factor in the life of the south in this respect in proportion as we prepare ourselves for usefulness in agriculture, in the mechanics, in domestic work, as well as in teaching and the other pro fessions. What we most need, however, just now, is a proper and thor ough economic foundation, coupled with moral and religious training. (k! *4 A & ir tip Negro Hare By BOOKER T. WASHINGTON. f land, some years ago among present is the time Land can be bought The agricultural labor and the skilled la The In many respects, the next 20 years are going to be the most serious in the history of the race. Within this period it will be largely decided whether the negro is going to be able to retain the hold which he now has upon the industries of the south, or whether his place will be filled by white people from a distance. The only way that we can prevent the industries from slipping from the negro in all parts of the south is for n the educators, ministers and friends of the negro to unite to push for ward, in a whole-souled manner, the industrial or business development of the negro, either in school or out of school, or both.. There should be a more vital and practical connection between the negro's educated brain and his opportunity of earning his dailv living. 1 repeat the industrial training will help cement the friendship of the two races. The history of the world proves that trade—commerce— is the forerunner of peace and civilization as between races and nations. Say or think what we will, it is the tangible or visible element that tell largely during the next 20 years in the solution of the race problem. Every white man will respect the negro who owns a two-storv brick business block in the center of town and has : • gomg to is 5.000 m the bank. When a black man is the largest taxpayer and owns and cul tivates the most successful farm in his county, his white neighbors will not object very long to his voting and to having his vote honestly count ed. The black man who is the largest contractor in his town and lives in a two*-stcrv brick house is not likelv to be lvnched. I know that what I have said is likely to suggest the idea that I have put stress upon the lower things of life, the material; that I have overlooked the higher side, die ethical and religious. I do not overlook the higher or undervalue its worth. All that I advocate is not as an end, but as a means. I know as a race we have got to be patient in the laying of a firm foundation, that our tendency is too often to get the shadow instead of the substance, the apearance rather than the reality. Further, I know that it is not an easy thing to make a good Chris tion out of a hungry man. I mean that just in proportion as the race gets a proper industrial foundation, gets habits of industry, thrift, econ omy, land, homes, profitable work, in the same proportion will its moral and religious life be improved.