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The commonwealth. (Greenwood, Miss.) 1896-1923, July 12, 1907, Image 3

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Mr. William A. Radford will answer
questions and give advice FREE OF
COST on all subjects pertaining to the
subject of building for the readers of this
paper. On account of his wide expe
rience as Editor. ABthor and Manufac
turer. he Is, without doubt, the highest
authority on alt these subjects. Addreife
all Inquiries to William A. Ttadford, No.
191 Fifth Ave., Chicago, 111., and only
enclose two-cent stamp for reply.
A little house we've got, on a flower
bowered lot, In a hustling, breezy busy
little city ; It s big enough for two, for
our wants are very few, there's only
just myself and little Kitty.
A simple little house like this Is
very much like going back to first
principles, but it furnishes accommo
dation for two just as well as a more
elaborate affair. We all have acquaint
ances, especially among our older
friends, who commenced life as simply
as this and who are now enjoying
the accumulations resulting from fru
gality and good management.
If a yonng couple forms the habit
of payiug rent they are very likely to
pay rent as long as they live. We
often hear the remark that it Is
cheaper to pay rent than to own your
property. There never was a more
foolish or misleading statement. The
man who lives In a rented house sel
dom gets ahead financially. This
hold3 good whether he Is working on
salary or is conducting a business on
his own account. It would be difficult
to say why, but It probably is because
in the majority of cases a renter falls
to give attention to the advancing
value of real estate.
I knew a man, a clerk in a lubricat
ing oil factory, who rented a new
house on a pleasant street about 20
years ago. At first he paid $20 per
month, but in seven or eight years'
time the rent was raised to $25. He
Is still living In the same house and Is
now paying $35 per month. The
house has not improved with age, and
he is continually looking about to bet
ter his condition, but can find no other
property that suits him so well or that
he can rent at a cheaper rate In pro
portion to the advantages he now has.

, -*■*
; •
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■ ' ft
He has paid enough rent to buy the
house, to pay all street improvements,
city taxes, insurance and repairs. He
tells me he was offered the property
years ago for $2,500, which he thought
was too much money. The lot Itself
Is worth more than that to-day. This
« Is one Instance in a great many sim
ilar ones that have come to my notice.
It Is not always that a neighborhood
improves so rapidly and substantially,
but generally speaklug all property In
American towns advances In value.
There is another very great advan
tage 111 owning a home, and that Is
the comfortable feeling you have of
t cioivr
BfTO Roorf
Dmmc ROOrt
ll'o' a ii't'
II'f AH O'
Floor Plan.
being a landed proprietor and the
fact that you are not obliged to have
your rent money ready promptly when
the month comes found. You can
plant a tree or a shrub or some flower
bulbs without the permission of the
landlord, you can make alterations tn
the house when It suits your conven
ience. and If the house or neighbor
hood la not to your liking, you can
rent It and borrow the money to build
another, and the rent from the old
one will help pay for the new.
A little house like this may be
made very attractive by making a nice
lawn and planting a tew trees and
flowers. The lawn is the most essen
tial and the tnoet difficult undertaking
on the average town lot The ground
aften la not very good, it is mixed
with cellar earth and rubbish that Is
not well calculated for a good seed
bed for gram. It Is easy to put the
ground In proper shape, however, if
the Job la started from the bottom.
The ground must be plowed deep, and
thoroughly worked to get the objec
tle grdha roots out of it. The
whether to seed the first year or the
second year. If there Is no humus In
the soil it will pay to cover It thick
with coarse manure und plow It under.
This again leads to complications In
the moisture problem, but if you bave
a hose attachment you can easily Reep
the ground moist. The top two or
three inches of earth must be repeat
edly worked with
some such implement, every other day
for a week or two to kill the weeds
as they sproift, then if the top is well
mixed with a good commercial fer
tilizer the grass seed may be sown
and you have a lawn that will last
as long as you want It, a lawn that
'■ til be green when others are parched
with sun. a lawn that will look velvety
and add ten or 20 per cent to the
value of the property.
Tills is a Becret that not many
householders understand. It Is not
the house itself that makes the home
desirable. I have seen cheap little
houses made so attractive that
strangers passing would stop to ad
disc harrow, r
A young man can build a house like
this for seven or eight hundred dollars,
and the money that he would natural
ly pay out for rent will pay for It In
a few years' time. He can grow fruit
trees and have fruit enough for home
use and some to sell without going to
much expense or spending a great
deal of time In the garden. An hour
or two at night for a few weeks early
In the season will accomplish a good
deal It the work is Intelligently laid
out. In building a house like this
don't forget the outside embellish
ments. The lawn and the garden will
be the making of the property. At the
same time you will bo setting a good
example that Is almost sure to benefit
tho neighborhood.
Another very important item Is the
painting. A little house sometimes is
conspicuous just because It is small
and more attention Is paid to It than
other houses In the neighborhood, es
pecial';' If it is nicely painted and
neatly kept. Always choose quiet
colors for a small house; never at
tempt to make it showy. A, drab with
white trhnmtngs always looks well.
You may deviate from this without
serious Injury, possibly, but you can
not Improve on a light drab with white
trimmings, for a small house, espe
cially if it Is partly hidden among the
trees and screened with vines.
Inventor Proposes to Make Use of
"Liquid Electricity."
Tests have been conducted recently
with a lamp that may prove a great
advance on the miners' lamps now in
use In the coal fields of the United
States. While the inventor has not
fully described his lamp in Ills demon
strations, practical men have thor
oughly Investigated It and term it "the
liquid electricity lamp." The lamp
weighs five and one-half pounds and
Is not Intended to hook on the miner's
cap. Instead of the cap hook, It has a
large metal hook, which Is to be
caught on the mine wall and the heavy
glasses sighted toward the point where
the miner is working.
At a distance of ten feat it Is possi
ble to read a newspaper by It, and two
lamps In one room make It as bright
as day. By two sockets the lamps are
charged from a 110-volt dynamo lo
cated In a separate room in the mine.
The lamps are intended to be placed
In this room after every working day
and are In charge of a special work
man, familiar with charging them, the
charge lasting eight hours. The lamps
are expensive, costing In the neighbor
hood of $16 each. One of the features
that is most expensive Is the Bmall
tubes and film that meet at a point
where the light Is projected. The
breakage of these adds materially to
the cost of the lamp. The miners are
somewhat divided as to the value of
the lamp, many of them objecting to
the weight In carrying it in and out of
the mine, while all believe that It gives
a more perfect and satisfactory light.
The officials believe that the men will
overcome this dislike as they become
mor* familiar with the lamp.
All th* Comforts of Homs.
A Berlin landlord thua advertiaea an
eligible flat: "Nine large rooms, bath
and necessary offices, hot and cold
water, gas and electric light, electric
lifts, vacuum cleaning, fur coat de
pository, safe deposit vaults, .and in
every flat la installed a carpet-clean
ing machine, a large clock regulated
by electricity from the Berlin Obser
vatory and a mangling machine."
Area of »411*11 empire.
The British empire has an area of
12,000,000 square miles, a coast line of
43,000 miles and a population of 4Mb
4 Word About i Favorit* Thtery n
to Short Crops,
In the bottom of Its heart • good
part of the financial community cher
ishes the suspicion that financial
crises, especially when caused or ac
companied by bad harvests, have
something to do with "sun spots,"
says the New York Post. The argu
ment ts that these years of Intense
solar activity come somewhere near
once in ten years and so do panics;
that "sun spots" very probably cause
abnormal seasons on our own planet
and that abnormal seasons cause crop
failures and trouble In the stock ex
change. Nobody would need to take
this seriously but for the fact that, 32
years ago, a very eminent English
economist frankly asserted Ills belief
in the theory. Prof. Jevons was so
confident of Its applicability that In
1875 he predicted a European panic in
1879, because the "sun-spot" activity
would then be again approaching a
maximum. ,
Ihit how about the facts? The year
1837 was one of sun-spot maximum
and also a year of commercial panic.
Sun spots were very active In 1871,
1872 and 1873 and we know what hap
pened In the markets. In 1883 a vio
lent maximum was reached: Europe
had a stock-exchange panic in 1882
and the United States one In 1884.
There was a famous "sun-spot year"
in 1893 and, what is more to the point,
we are still in a period of solar activi
ty and disordered markets.
So far, this ts all very well; but let
us be tliorwugh. The panic of 1857
was one of the worst on the list, and
1857 came In a period of sun-spot
minimum. In 1866, when one of the
worst of England's financial crises oc
curred, solar activity was at the low
est level in a decade. A period of
sun-spot minimum began In 1889 and
continued Into the "Baring year,"
1890. Evidently sun spots do not al
ways hare the same efTect.
Prof. Jevons thought that the effect
was brought about through crop fail
ures. The astronomers tell us, how
ever, that so far as there is any corre
spondence, "cold years, rains and In
undations appear to correspond to
those when the sun ts quiet; dry and
warm years to epochs of great, solar
activity." Now a dry year may ruin
crops as well as a cold year; but as a
matter of record among panic years,
1857 produced an abundant European
harvest, 1873 yielded a "bumper crop"
in the United States, with 1872 a good
second, and 1884 was a year of un
paralleled wheat production all over
the world. And what Is to be said of
1879 and 1897, when the world raised
"bumper crops" In the western hemi
sphere and lost most of the harvest in
the eastern.
Lookout Man Wears Copper Plate to
Start Electric Buzzer.
Some of tho dives about town that
are under the ban of the police have
Ingenious contrivances for warning
occupants and patrons of the ap
proach of a "bull" or any < »her sus
pected person. By the way, these
places are never referred to in the
vernacular as "dives" or "joints," for
the vocabulary of the Inventors of
slang, changes as quickly as a word
comes Into general use, so a suspected
place Is now always referred to as a
Warning of the approach of a police
man or detective is given by means of
an electric buzzer. Formerly tho push
button connected with the buzzer was
concealed under the edge of the bar
In front of or behind a water pipe.
This device, however, was discovered
by the police, who thereafter on en
tering a suspected place kept a close
watch on the barkeeper and gave hi in
no chance to press the button.
Then came the prong device. This
consisted of two small metal prongs
projecting from the edge of the wall.
When a man suspected to be a limb of
the law entered the door the barkeep
er carelessly placed a coin across the
two prongs, thus making a circuit and
causing the buzzer to sound In the
This device was discovered, too, so
now a lookout Is stationed outside the
door of a dive. He apparently is a
lounger, but he scans closely by a
quick glance the face of every person
who enters.
"all right" the lookout presses his
foot, which has a copper plate nailed
to (the sole, to another Small plate af
fixed to tho surface of a cellar door
way outside. This makes the circuit
and causes the buzzer to get busy, so
that by the time the "bull" throws
open the door the occupants who are
wanted by the police have had time
to make their escape and those who
remain are seated at tables harmless
ly drinking beer or engaged In a
friendly game of pinochle or whist.
Everything Is
level" and the "bull" Is forced to
withdraw without having been able to
obtain any evidence.
il a man doesn't look
apparently "on the
His "Clinic" Portrait.
"That," i marked the artist casu
ally, "is my clinic portrait."
"Clinic," exclaimed the visitor.
"Why drag In your father's profes
The pal- ter grinned. "Well, that
just describes It," he declared. "I call
It that because four ladies eamo to
call on me one afternoon, and after
I had showed some of my work one
of them S'ked me If I wouldn't ahow
them Just how I painted a portrait.
I asked ono of them to pose for me
and sat down and did that sketch for
them in an hour. And that la why
I call it my 'clinic.' That is what It
was, you know."
Plenty to Say.
Hilton—My wife I* a matter-of-fact
woman. She only speaks her mind.
Chilton—So doei mine, but ahe
changes her mind so often that it
keeps her talking all the time.
Bound to Be Talked About.
"Mrs. Smith's hair didn't used to
be that color," said one at the dub.
"It used to be yellow, didn't ltr'
"Tea, it did/' admitted the other.
-She change* the color every Uttl*
whUe to give people something to say
about her. They'd Ignore her entirely
If she didn't do something to attml
V. /'?*■
Convenient Machine Which Can B*
Made Out of Old Field Mower.
Anyone having an old field mower
and a few metal-working toolB can
make a good lawn and weed mower.
The following parts of the old machine
will be needed: The driving wheels
and shaft, a portion of the cutter-bar.
b :
« *••• . -
Fig. 2
fig. I
Made from an Old Field Mower.
Including knives and fingers, bolts,
nuts, and any other part which can
be used, says Popular Mechanics, de
pending on the make of the old ma
Procure a strip of sheet steel. Fig.
1, 6 Inches wide, about 1-32 inches
thick, and long enough to go around
the circumference of the driving
The Biggest Belt in the World Made
in Chicago.
It was made In Chicago and runs a
saw mill at Tacoma, Wash. It is 114
feet long, seven feet wide, three-ply
thick, weighs 2,200 pounds, and 225
steers contributed the centers of thoft*
hides to make it. Notwithstanding
its size and weight, and the tremend
ous strains to which it is subjected,
Wider Than Man Is Tall.
not a peg, rivet or any metal fasten
ing whatever holds it together. It
was simply stuck together with best
quality of cement under 250 tons pres
And Build a Breakwater With the
Foaming Molten Lava at Hawaii.
Volcanoes have ever been consid
ered sources of tremendous destruct
ive force, uncontrollable in their ac
tion and of no useful purpose to man.
The unusual aDd daring proposition
Is now made to make at least one
active volcano perforin constructive
work of positive commercial value.
The Idea seems to have been adapted
from the familiar one of drawing
molten Iron from a furnace and con
ducting It along the earthen floor
through shallow open trenches Into
molded spaces, where It cools and
becomes the pig Iron of trade.
Hilo Is the Important seaport on the
east coast of the Island of Hawaii,
In the Sandwich Islands group. Its
harbor- facilities are Insufficient to
meet the demands of present day com
merce, and In order to provide suit
able shelter, great breakwaters must
be constructed at large cost. Con
gress has been petitioned to make the
necessary appropriation, but so- far
haz not advanced beyond an order
for a preliminary survey. The peo
ple of Hilo evidently realize that Con
gress Is a long way off and, unless ac
tion is secured soon, propose to tap
an active volcano on the Island and
make It furnish the material and do
the work of construction at the same
time. If the plan works a great sea
wall will have been built, of greater
extent and weight than any ever be
fore constructed by human Bklll.
The Idea is to construct a big
trench from Mount Kllaueau to the
shore and then tunnel Into the pit of
one of the craters and release the
molten lava, just as a furnaceman
I t \ i
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HR* Aftl*»V
An Infinite Variety of Die* Used In Railroad Conductor's Punch**. Did
You Ever See On* of these in Year Ticket? On* Manufacturer Alan#
Has Over 600 Punch Wcc, No Two Alika,
wheels. Cut this nions the wave Un»
AD and rivet the two pteees to the
two driving wheels as shown at AA,
Fig. 2. These should be riveted to the
wheels In a position such that the
crest on ono side will be opposite
the trough on the other.
The frame B Is made of wood, also
the handle. C. The piece L) can be
made of either wood or Iron, and Is
fitted with a roller at each end to re
duce the friction against the cams.
AA. Two wheels, EE. about six inches
In diameter aud three-inch face, are
fastened to the front of the machine
In order to prevent the cutters from
striking the ground.
The driving wheel must be In the
right position and then made fast to
the shaft in order to have the earns
work properly and it will be necessary
to use two collars, FF, to prevent
lateral movement of the shaft. When
the machine Is pushed along the cams
operate the cam bar, which oscillates
the lever, G, and thus works the
opens a cupola when making pig Iron.
One difference will be that when the
founder uses a long iron rod to poke
a hole, the volcano is to be opened
by lotting off a big charge of high
Notwithstanding the somewhat fishy
nature of the story, it Is stated "en
gineers who have been considering
the scheme are strongly inclined to
the opinion that it is not impracti
cable.'' Ono thing is certain, Popu
lar Mechanics says, there will be
plenty of Yankee engineers whi
not hesitate to undertake bo difficult
and dangerous a venture, if the neces
sary funds are provided.
Aluminum-Copper Alloys.
Tho British Association of Mechan
ical Engineers has a committee whose
business is research concerning the
proporties of various alloys, which
are now coming so rapidly into uso.
A recent report deals with alloys of
aluminum and copper. Varlou
periments have shown that such al
loys are erfhtlc in behavior, especially
under tests for "yield-point" sind at
high temperatures. Copper alloyed
with 7 per cent of aluminum was
shown in some of the experl
give disastrous results when
ployed for stay-bolts In locomotives.
On the contrary, these alloys show
good results in other ways. It has been
shown that copper alloyed
1 to 10 per cent of aluminum becomes
practically Incorrodible in sea water.
Hut this does not hold for tank-water.
■nts to
•ith from
Limit of Human Strength.
Experiments upon
have shown that a man five feet high
and weighing 120 pounds will lift
an average 156 pounds through a ver
tical distance of eight Inches,
pounds through a height of 1.2 Inches.
Others 6.1 feet high and weighing 183
pounds could lift the 156 pounds to a
height of thirteen Inches,
pounds to a height of six Inches. Oth
er men six feet three Inches high and
weighing 188 pounds could lift 156
pounds to a height of sixteen Inches,
217 pounds to a height of nine
Inches. By a great variety of experi
ments It was shown that the average
human strength Is equivalent to rais
ing thirty pounds through a distance
of two and one-half feet In
number of men
or 217
or 217
one see
Artificial Vegetables.
Prof. d'Arsonval exhibited before
the Academy of Sciences at Paris
cently artificial vegetables which he
produced by the methods of Prof. Le
duc, of the Nantes Medical College.
The method is to form tiny seeds from
one part sulphate of copper and two
parts glucose, which are then depos
ited In a gelatine bouillon, to which
is added a little ferro-cyanlde of potas
sium and sea salt. Tho seed developea
Into plants resembling seaweed and
other marine growth. They appear to
have the same properties as the plants
they resemble, being Influenced simi
larly by heat and light.
Harnessing Waters In India.
Engineers are harnessing many ol
tho waters of the world to the
of man A great project Is under way
to catch the floods which rush down
the western Chats, near Bombay, and
to use the water-power tn cotton mills
and other factories. The valleyB
of rocky formation, and with dams at
the lower end can be made Into tight
reservoirs, Three valleys will be
closed In by dams respectively half
a mile, a mile, and a mile and a half
II 90
Little One Had Reason to Approve
Father'» Choice.
Of the sisters of a well known New
York family one Is marrted. Bhc has
one llttl* girl greatly petted by alt the
aunts and subject to much advice
from all of them. Of this last the lit
tle lady sometimes wearies, which
weariness on a certain occasion made
Itself shown tn th« following reply
from her small ladyship:
Said one aunt: "If you were my
child I should have you do thus and
thus." Said another aunt: "Were you
my child 1 would do so and so," The
remaining aunt made a similar re
The little lady thought It high time
to express her own feelings. "But 1
have." she said, "always bee]
thankful that papa married the sister
he did!"
Seventy-Five Per Cent of Doctors
Prescriptions Call for It.
Now that the National Pure Food
and Drugs law is In effect all "patent"
medicines In liquid form bear on the
label a statement of the percentage
of alcohol contained lu them. The
average amount of alcohol Is said to
be about ten per cent, somo have more
and some loss, but that is about the
average. Alcohol is everywhere rec
ognized as a chemical necessity for
the preservation of organic substance
from deterioration, and from freez
ing and It ts also required to dissolve
substances not soluble In water.
But for the uso of a small quantity
of alcohol In most ready lo use medi
cines those preparations which most
families keep constantly on hand
would likely be, decayod or frozen
when thetr use became necessary.
Alcohol Is an Indispensable requi
site In the fluid extracts and tinctures
which are exclusively used In filling
prescriptions written by physicians,
and those tinctures and extracts con
tain from 20 to 90 por cent of alco
hol, More than 75 per cent of all
the liquid medicines prescribed by
physicians contain alcohol In large
Charles A. Itapolye, a leading phar
macist of Hartford, Conn., some time
ago examined 25 prescriptions repre
senting a fair average of those writ
ten by physicians to be compounded,
and none being for specialties. The
average amount of alcohol In the
whole number was 35 per cent; hut
of the 25 prescriptions five contained
no alcohol, so that the average per
centage of the remaining 20 which
did contain alcohol was nearly 45 per
cent; or more than four times the
probable average alcoholic strength of
"patent" medicines.
There Is some difference of opinion
as to whether It is or is not doslrabl*
as a stimulant in case of sickness,
but there Is no difference of opinion
as to the necessity for Its ubo hb a sol
vent and preservative In most rases.
The attention of the medical world
has recently been called to a mani
festo Issued by prominent London
physicians who, while deploring the
evils from the use of alcoholic bev
erages, arc convinced "of the correct
mj4S of tho opinion so long und gener
ally held, that in disease alcohol Is a
rapid and trustworthy restorative"
and that In many cases It may be
truly described as life-preserving, ow
ing to Its power to sustain cardiac and
nervous energy, while protecting the
nitrogenous tissues. TIiIb manifesto
which was published In Tho Lancet,
was Issued and signed by T, J. Mc
Call Anderson, M. D„ Begins Profes
sor of Medicine, University of Glus
gow; Alfred B. Burrs, William II.
Bennett, K. C. V. C., F. R. O. 8.;
James Crlchton-Drowno; W. E. Dixon,
Dyce Duckworth, M. D., LLD.,; Thom
as lb Fraser, M. D., F. R. S.; T, R.
Olyn, W. It. Comers, M. C., F. R. 8.;
W. D. Halliburton, M. D. LLD, D. F.
R. C. P, F. H. 8, Professor of Physi
ology, King's College London; Jona
than Hutchlngson; Edmung Owen,
LLD., F. R. C. S.; P. H. Fye-Smith,
Fred T. Robert, M. D, I). Sc, F. K. C.
8.; Edgecombe Venning, F. H. C. 8.
The Dyce Duckworth who signed
this manifesto was for many years
president of the Royal College of Phy
sicians. London.
Youngster Probably Will Changs Ideas
In Couroe of Time.
There Is a small boy In this town,
suys the Baltimore American, the
son of a rather distinguished lawyer,
who has decided opinions on what
constitutes true aristocracy. One day
recently a friend called upon his
mother, and, while waiting for the
hostess, was entertained by the small
"What ar* you going to do when
you grow up?" was the stereotyped
question she propounded tn the effort
to start the conversation.
"Oh, I am going to smoke."
"And chew."
"And gamble."
"And swear."
"And drink corn whisky."
"And «by are you going to do such
things?" asked the visitor aghast.
"Oh, all southern gentlemen do
them." _
"Soap Bubble Hanging from a Rssd."
Our life la but a soap bubble hang
ing from a reed; It Is formed, expands
to its full size, clothes Itself with the
loveliest colors of the prism and even
escapes at momenta from the law of
gravitation; but soon the black apeck
appears In It and the (lobe of emerald
and gold vanlshei Into apace, leaving
behind It nothing but a simple drop
of turbid water. All the poets have
made this comparison, It Is so strik
ing and so true. To appear, to sh'lns,
to disappear; to be born, to suffer and
tn die; is it not the whole sum of
life, tor a butterfly, for n nation, for g
■tar?—Henry Frederic Am lei.
T mrz may com* and year« may go,
tut the time will never arrive when a
man will alt up and patch his wife'*
ftftif iki to ««Imp ii ||4
County Fairs.
ill he the usual number of
local and neighlsirhood fairs In addition
to the State Fair amt Exposition, which
will very appropriately wind up tlm
series in the fall, and quite a number
of the county and local fairs
cur bet
nominating primary
days. But there
ill be also a number of mid-summer
-a the
-gulnr elect!
events, as usual, and
the historic Neshoba Fair,
cl dog (lav
among them
which the people of Neshoba county and
the country around Philadelphia have
er the state.
This fail
id«» fi»
will 1><* hold about a week earlier this
your than last.
Legislative Apportionment.
Mintoriftl district,
posed of the five counties of Hon*
ml Tippah.
The Thirty-sixth
ton, Tale. Union, Marshall
with a total in 1905 of aouu'thing over
M,000 polls, lias three »eimtorw, and
gi\i'8 in a total asaossnirnt of $12
000. The Second Kcnatoriul district,
composed of four countie», Perry, done«,
Wayne and Green, »how« over 17,000
of $21,•
pulls and an assessment roll
000,000 and over, has but
•lit ut ive.
Cheated the Callows.
With a remark to Sheriff Owen of Tu
nica county that, lie waa not going tu
pany him hack to that county
for the purpose of being hung, Georgs
Jenkins, the noted negro globe-trotter
desperado, deliberately cut his throat
with a ragged and almost harmless
looking razor blade. This took place
in the cell In tho Hinds county jail
and was prompted by the ent
the cell of Sheriff Owen and Jailer ,1.
W. Cain for the purpose of starting on
tho trip to Tunica.
Joint Debate at Meridian.
A crowd entimated at anywhere from
10,ftl)0 t<> 15,000 loyal houh and daugh
ters of Minsisnippi gathered at Merid
en the Fourth to heav Vardanian and
Williams lay their claim» before
people of the State. From the time
the first speaker vu» introduced until
the last orator finished bis rejoinder
the two were recipients of great ap
Prison Expenses.
Secretary Drown of tho penitentiary
board of trustee*, reports that the
nthly expense accounts are being
gradually reduced. The total * allowed
for June, which includes salaries and
Hiihsiatence and other expense», was
$9,408.28, as compared with $16,200 for
the month previous, and the expecta
tion i« that it will bo »till further
reduced, or down to a basis of about
$8,000 a month.
State Normal at Ripley.
The state normal for teacher» is now
»ion ut Ripley. The altomlnnc«
•h better than was expected and
it i« confidently expected that the en
mark by the end of next week. Prof.
A. If. Kllrtt, Prof. J. E. Brown and
Mrs. Jennie Hardy compose the facul
ty. The normal will continue untilth»
$6th day of July.
Agricultural Experiments.
The state agricultural college of Mis
sissippi has received from the secretary
of the treasury a check for $90,000, th»
annual appropriation provided for at
tho last session of congres». Tld» mo
ney is to promote experimental enter*
prises in connect!
work and is part of the proceed* de
rived from the sale of public lands.
Portraits for Hall of Fame.
Dr. Dunbar Rowland, director of the
department of archives and history, haa
just placed In position in the hall of
fame, three portraits of men whose
names are interwoven with the history
of past, days of Mississippi, and whose
days of activity were a decade prior
to the war between the states. They
are the portraits of Govs. John J. Pet
tue and Joseph W. Matthews and of
Judge William Yerger.
Escaped Convict Captured.
Secretary W. J. Brown of the peni
tentiary board lias been notified of the
apprehension at Covington, La., of Sid
ney Craig, an escaped convict. Craig
himself wrote, notifying the penitent!
authorities as to his tvlicreaboutf,
and asking to be sent for.
Tackett Appointed.
Dr. John R. Tackett of Meridian hat
received appointment as surgeon upon
the stafT of Maj.-Gen. Kessler, com
manding the Mississippi national guard«
Opt. Tackett has been chief surgeon
of the First artillery until the break
ing up of that organization some time
ill roach tho one hundred
ith the college
ft I V
Bible Conference.
The second annual session of the Mis
sissippi B. Y. P. U. encampment and
Bible conference which began at Ulus
Mountain, closed Inst week. The at
tendance and interest during the ses
sion have been gratifying to the offi
cers of the encampment, and the direct
ors are planning to make that of next
the greatest In the history of
the state. Blue Mountain has
the permanent placet of
meeting, but the exact date of the con
vention will be given out later by the
executive committee.
Acreage Report.
The commissioner of agriculture and
commerce Is getting In the reports of
acreage and condition of the cotton
crops from the different county
board* of supervisors, as the law pro
vides, though they are rather slowsr
than could lie desired, the larger pro
portion of the counties not having
ported as yet. The general run of
reports as received show the acreage
to be fmin 80 to 95, with * sondiUoa
report ranging all the way from 6$ to
80, with corn ranging rnther better *t

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