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AC t HOW TO MAKE AN AMMETER. Instrument Which the Amateur Elec trician Will Want Every amateur mechanic who per forms electrical experiments will find use for an ammeter and for the bene fit of those who wish to eonstruct Buch sn Instrument the foil Swing descrip tion is given: The operative princi ple of this instrument is the same as that of a galvanometer, except that Its working position is not confined to the magnetic meridian. This Is ac complished by making the needle re volve in a vertical instead of a hori zontal plane. The only adjustment necessary is that of leveling, which Is accomplished by turning the H Fig. 3 Will /J iiill'unilim I 1 e •W 01 r-r,. A b Fig- 6 aIc FM C C ( c it E V Up Fig. 5 Fig. I Fig. 2 Fig. 7 Complete Ammeter and Details. tbumb screw shown at A, Fig. 1, until the hand points to 0 on the scale. First make a eupport, Fig. 2, by bending a piece of sheet brass to the shape Indicated and tapping for the •crews, C. C. These should have hollow ends, as shown, for the purpose of receiving the pivoted axle which supports the hand. The core, Fig. 3, is made of iron. It is one inch long, one-quarter inch wide and one-eighth inch thick. At a point a little above the center, drill a hole as shown at H and through this hole drive a piece of knitting needle about one-half Inch long, or long enough to reach between the two screws shown in Fig. 2. The ends of this small axle should be ground pointed and should turn easily in the cavities, as the sensitiveness of the instrument depends on the ease with which this axle turns. After assembling the core as shown In Fig. 4, it should be filed a little at one end until It assumes the position indicated. The pointer or hand, Fig. 5, is made of wire, aluminum being preferable for this purpose, although copper or steel will do. Make the wire four and one-half Inches long and make a loop, D, one-half Inch ARE OUT OF THE WAY. System of Subway* for City Pipes and Wires. European cltlea are making great headway In the construction of sub ways beneath the streets to contain not only electric wires for light, pow er and communication, but also for the gas and water pipes. In London a subway for these utilities is now built whenever a new street Is au thorized. Some of the London sub ways are as large as seven feet high by 12 feet wide; there are already seven miles of these pipe subways. In Manchester the subway has now reached a length of 7,386 feet, and Is used exclusively for electric wires, which are contained In pIpeB carried on lion buckets fastened to the walls. The cost was $39 per linear foot. Other cities where the system has been built are Leeds, Nottingham and St. Helens. The construction Is paid for by the city, which charges an an nual rental from the service com panies, which more than pays the In terest on the cost. These annual charges are based on the diameter of the pipe, ranging from 60 cent* for three-inch diameter or less up to J12.50 for 36-lnc.h i>er foot for water or gas. For other companies the rate is much higher, being $6.50 for three inch pipes and 220 for 18-inch per 300 feet. The freedom from leaks in water and gas mains, and tho ease and economy with which repair* can ft Manchester Subway. be made make the proposition an In teresting one to the tenant com panies. Our American cities should take up the pipe subway question, declares Popular Mechanics, and not only pro vide a .revenue producing power for all time" to come, but save the ever lasting tearing up of the streets. High Voltage. The employment of 11,000 volts on the line from Niagara to Buffalo waa, everything considered, at the time a remarkable achievement. In 1893 tbs highest pressure anywhere tn tbe world waa 40,000 volts. At present there are six Unes carrying a voltage of «0,000, two being la California, one la México, one lo tbe state of Wash ington, one hotw - , Isgara and 8yra Tbrse rat*.' o length from 75 to 311 mliee. and two of them have been pwt to éparetton only within th» laat tow month*. from the lower end. Bolder to the abort end a piece of brass. E, of such weight that it will exactly baltnte the weight of the hand. This la slipped on the pivot and the whole thing Is again placed in position In the sup port. If the pointer Is correctly bal anced It should take the position shown in Fig. 1, but if It is not ex actly right a little filing will bring it near enough so that it may be cor rected by the adjusting screw. Next make a brass frame as shown in Fig. 6. This might be made of wood, although brass la better, as the eddy currente set up In a conductor surrounding a magnet tend to atop oscillation of the magnet. (The core is magnetized when n current flows through the Instrument.) The brass frame is wound with magnet wire, the size depending on the number of am peres to be measured. Mine is wound with two layers of No. 14 wire, ten turns to each layer, and is about right for ordinary experiment purposes. The ends of the wire are fastened to the binding-posts, B C, Fig. 1. A wooden box, D, Is then made and provided with a glass front. A piece of paper Is pasted on a piece of wood, which is then fastened in the box in such a position that the hand or pointer will lie close to the paper scale. The box Is five and one-half Inches high, four Inches wide and one and three-quarter Inches deep; Inside measurements. After everything is assembled put a drop of solder on the loop at D, Fig. 6, to prevent it turn ing on the axle. To calibrate the Instrument connect as shown In Fig. 7, where A 1b the home-made ammeter; B, a standard ammeter; C, a variable resistance and D a battery, consisting of three or more cells connected In multiple. Throw in enough resistance to make the standard instrument read one ohm and then put a mark on the paper scale of the instrument to be cali brated. Continue In this way with two amperes, three amperes, four anderes, etc., until the scale is full. To make a voltmeter out of this In strument, further explains Poplar Mechanics, wind with plenty of No. 36 magnet Wire instead of No. 14, or if It Is desired to make an instru ment for measuring both volts and amperes, use both bindings and con nect to two pairs of binding-posts. SINGING ELECTRIC ARC. Is Made Vocal by Connection with th* Microphone. It has been known for some time that the electric arc could be made vocal if attached to a microphone The discovery waB made by M. Simon and was developed by Auhmer. Fur a VÆ Ten Thousand Electric Sparks Per Second. The experiment here Illustrated was Italian scientist, Signor Ma madc by Jorana. In explanation of M. Poulsen's Invention. Each of the sparks was quits independent. ther improvements were made by M. Poulsen, who lately explained his In strument at the Queen's hall, London. At the children's lectures at the Royal Institution the lecturer, Mr. Duddell, who had Independently discovered and made practicable this property of the electric arc, showed his small audience how It might be used as a telephone. His assistant, Mr. Turblni, went Into another room taking with him a microphone—an ordinary trans mitter—attached to the arc lamp by a flexible wire. He then whistled Into the microphone an operatic selection, and the tones emerged from the arc lamp and were distributed over the theater. an of Vacuum and frraulation. The remarkable heat-insulating ef fect ot a vacuum is strikingly brought out la the claims made for a new sportsmen's bottle. The vessel has double walls, being really one bottle within another, with a sealed-up Inter vening space from which the air has been withdrawn. It Is aswrted that liquids in this bottle can be kept hot 48 hours In the coldest weather, and that Iced beverages will retain their dellcloui coolness for weeks in the hottest summer. Remedy fer Damp Situations. People who live In damp localities, particularly near und rained land, are afct to think that there Is no help for them save in removal. They are mis taken. Successful experiments have shown that it Is possible to materially Improve the atmosphere In such neigh borhoods by the planting of the laurel and the sunflower. The laurel gives off an abundance of oaone, whilst the sunflower is potent in destroying the malarial condition. These two, If planted on the most restricted scale la a garden or any ground «ose home, will bo found to gpeedliy ta to to the crease the dryness and mlubrity ot th» * CAPITAL IS SHABBY Is of to to In to an at DISREPUTABLE SURROUNDINGS OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS. Many Blocks Aleng Pennsylvania Ave nue, the Great Artery ef the City, Are Lined with Wretched Hovel». The national capital has for year* been content with the magnificence of its public buildings and has endured shabby dwellings and business houses as one of the inevitable conditions of life. Even the filthy and disreputable surroundings of the great marble build ing Itself have been tolerated, though a disgrace to decency and a menace to safety and health. But at last Washington Is waking up from its Rip Van Winkle sleep and heroic efforts are being made to get the lawmakers to realize their duty to the people not only of the District, but of the entire United States. There lo a demand for laws which will clean out, bum out squalid hovels which almost hem In the great building on the hill, while the main approach—Pennsylvania ave nue—must be looked after and puri fied. of drown out the rows of It would be a difficult undertaking to depict the miserably wretched con dition of affairs which exist for several blocks on Pennsylvania avenue—the chief boast of the city—extending from historic Georgetown to the Eastern Branch bridge. For several blocks at the foot of the capitol this world-re nowned avenue Is lined with low sa loons, cheap boarding houses, shoes half-soled-whlle-you-walt shops, shoot ing galleries, Chinese restaurants, laundries, Junk shops, second-hand stores and cheap lunch rooms. Perhaps In no city could be found a prominent street #r avenue of more disreputable surroundings than this "Washington Bowery." Instead of growing better and more reputable In recent years it has grown steadlfy worse, though under the strongest pos sible police protection. Many of the buildings are unsanitary and unsafe, but the owners decline to tear down and rebuild or to Eell at any reason able price, for the. rents are always good and a house 1 b seldom vacant. On the Bowery can always be found, day and night, an ever changing pan orama ef human nature. Men of all conditions mingle promiscuously to gether. Well dressed men and Ill dressed ones, men of Intelligence and stupid ones, old and young, foreigners, and natives, all mix up In a general jumble, and, of course, there is no scarcity of the other sex. The color line Is not rigidly drawn and every one Is a good fellow so long as his money holds out, be he white man, negro or Chinese, A higher moral tone of thq popula tion may be found In the southwestern and southeastern sections which sur round the capitol, but In many In stances the buildings occupied as homes are just about as shabby and disreputable and with not the least hope of being Improved so long as tenants can be found. Worse still, and a burning disgrace to the city of Washington, Is the fact that several of the really respectable-looking resi dences are disreputable resorts, but so well managed that the police have been unable to close them. At any rate, these houses have existed for years and there has been no interference. is to he zo his ing at ed Six but the ed the bon fit of the the ing the Names That Are Suggestive. When the Seattle high school base ball nine was In Washington recently it ha« as one of ItB players a young man named Ten Million. Civil Service Commissioner Greene, In commenting on the unusual appella tion, recalled an Instance of a queer cognomen that hud come under his observation, somewhat In the same class with D-Cady Herrick, unsuccess ful candidate for the governorship of New York against the late Gov. Hig gins, and W. J. McGee of the Smith sonian Institution. But while in the case of these gentlemen the Initials are not really such since they begin no word and are abbreviations for nothing whatever, in the Instance cited by Commissioner Greene the Initial had a meaning, making the whole name a parental admonition. "I remember that years ag I knew a good woman who followed what used to be the humble occupation of monthly nurse," said the commission er. "This Mrs. Quick was full of wlBe saws and modern Instances, and used to lose no opportunity to give good advice. Her only son she bur dened with a name which never let him forget his duty to the business world. She named him John B. Quick. Danger to Coneular Service. "There Is a doubt In my mind," said an official of the state department, apropos of n recent examination of candidates fir consulships, "whether the best consuls will be secured, ulti mately, by Lie entrance of these young men Into the service, as perma nent membeis of It. No matter how desirable they may be, personally, I cannot help feeling that with long service abroad, unless In countries positively repulsive, they will become denationalized, un-Americanlzed and willing expatriates. Their only sight of this country will be during brief and Infrequent vacations, and Imper ceptibly tbeir Individual interests will become bound up With those of foreign countries. I may not take the right view of it, and my feara appear not to worry my snperiors, bat that's the way I feel about It, and I can't help tt the of gle this by by In la the to the I aha Reclaiming Wife Deserter. A, barber named Bunch charged with deserting his wife was recently paroled by a Washington court on the following conditions: He Is to stay out ot the country for a period, to be determined by his father-in-law. He has a.family of five boys, and be cannot see them unless his behavior Justifies It He has to go to church every Sunday, work In a first-class barber shop, and have a recommends tien from the minister of the church that be has bean trying to be a man. Should any of tbe condition« be broken. Bunch will have to go to prison for three month*. TELLS LOVE IN LEGAL FORM. Wootr of Washington Widow Make» Deposition He Adores Her. Of a score or more of prominent Washlfigton widows, one of the most conspicuous is Mrs. Albert Clifford Barney, who sailed for Europe a few days ago. after receiving the most ex traordinary declaration of affection ever bestowed on mortal woman. Mrs. Barney has the assurance that she possesses all the charm of her girl hood days, despite the fact that she is the mother of two daughters to all out ward appearance as old as herself, for one of her adorers—she has several— has Just gone before a notary and made solemn deposition In legal Torrn that he loves her for hersolf alone and furthermore, that should she consent to marry him he will never accept one penny of her fortune In life or make any claim on her estate should ho sur vive her. He has proposed orally so many times without getting any results that In desperation he has at last resorted to this method. And even after this Mrs. Barney sailed away without ea couraglng, much less accepting, the suit of so disinterested a lover The latter Is, however, not wholly discour aged, and proposes following ills adored one to Paris. The object of this disinterested af fection was born a Miss Pike, of Cin cinnati, the daughter of that war-time manufacturer of a whisky which laid the foundation of the vast fortune this twentieth century knight treats with noble scorn. She Is a handsome wom an possessed of great talent, as a por trait painter, several of her pictures having received distinguished notice at the exhibitions of the Corcoran art gallery. As a practical Illustration of artistic temperament, she has taken to architecture, having built herself a wonderful house, combining In a de lightful fashion the purposes of a home, a garage, and a studio. of of to and get to but lo In X ♦ : ^ ♦ ^ ♦ X ♦ f ♦ ♦ ♦ X ♦ X ♦ 4 ♦ 4 of at sa a of In the all to Ill no his In as as of of so : ♦ 1 T > 1 DRIVER WAS NOT IMPRESSED. 4 t 4 ^ Ambassador Jusserand Probably Now Carries Credentials. Ambassador Jusserand, from France, was one of the party of diplomatists who accompanied the president to the opening of the Jamestown expo sition. The ambassador, who Is small and nervous, grew tired of the exercises before they were over, and concluded to go back to the hotel. He left, ac companied by Mme. Jusserand. Con veyances were few. The ambassador looked around and Baw several sur reys standing. He clapped his hands, whistled and shouted, but the drivers paid no at tention to him. Then he trudged over and said: "I desire to engage this carriage." "Can't," replied the driver. "Cannot? And why?" "Because these carriages Is' re served for the president's friends." The ambassador hopped up and down. "But I am ze president's friend," he exclaimed, lapsing slightly from the punctilious English he usually employs. The driver looked the ambassador over. "You one of the president's friends?" he Inquired scornfully. "Which one?" "I am ze ambassador from France— zo ambassador from Fiance, I tell you." The driver grinned. He leaned out and shook a warning finger In the diplomat s face. "Now Boe here," he said, "you can't come that over me, Alphonse."—Saturday Evening Post Brought Capital Up to Date. When President Roosevelt adopted a livery and put the national colors on his coachman's hat, ho gave the finish ing touch to Washington as an aristo cratic and up to date capital. Now. at least the gentry can bo distinguish ed at a glance from the commoner. Six years ago, Washington boasted of but one state equipage, and that was the property of the mikado's envoy. Now, Mr. and Mrs. Everybody, and those who want to get Into the same family circle, has his coach embellish ed with coats of arms, his attendants bedecked In gay livery and ribbons of the same colors, fluttering from their horses' blinders. When the president goes out to drive, his driver and foot man wear buff trousers, dark green coats embellished with shiny brass buttons, and a cockade of tricolored ribbon In their silk hats. Each of tbs horses also has a bunch of glory rib bon tied to his head dress. When Mr*. Roosevelt goes for an outing the out fit Is made more festive by the use of s tan harness on which the national emblem appears several times, and the driver's whip Is decorated with the national colors. The boys and Miss Ethel have Individual ways of us ing bits of red, white and blue, about their pony turnouts, and even old Pinckney, as he goes marketing for the family, marks his horse with dis tinction by fastening a trl-colored ro sette on either blinder. ! * X ♦ ^ 4 Î. J 4 4 of of of A the air. the sad before. and ship ciless There the Iicars head lng which It. Bo battle Is tildes gle have ed army cheery with and edy sons many father, and ple days, for and Saul tbelr the trophy placing temple god; one rible awaited who Even hoats unable suggest people herd. order tar I Secretary Moseley's Device. Secretary Moseley of the Interstate commerce commission has perfected a device which Is unique and which may eventually be widely copied In public offices of the capital. Just outside of the door of his room on the fifth floor of the American bank building he baa placed a sign on ground glass, which ordinarily Is ornamented with the sin gle word "SqqreUry." The purpose of this sign Is not understood by passers by except when Mr. Moseley wishes to enjoy the privacy of his room for Im portant public business which will not bear Interruption. Then he presses an electric button on his desk and the door files shut with a bang and the mysterious sign becomes Intelligible by the addition of the word "Engaged" In red electric letters just beneath the word "Secretary." Then the secretary la doled In as tight as a drum until the important state business has come to n clow, when the pressure of an other button makes the door fly open, eliminates the caution contained la the worl "Engaged," and the genial secretary is ready to we the public generally. "You say she married for lore; but I happen to know that the man she married Is worth a million!" "Of course; the million la what aha love»!" DAVID WINS THE THRONE STORY BY THE "HIGHWAY AND BYWAY" PREACHER (Cowrl**'. to Scripture Authority: — 2 Samuel 2:1-32. in*. w a r.,u.w> : ^444-44 4 44444444 4444 4 4 44 444 SERMONETTE. ♦ : David's success brought with ♦ X it no bitterness of regret over + ♦ the means by which that sue- ♦ cess had been won. : : ^ Had David purchased success ♦ ♦ at the compromise of principle, + ^ or the commission of crime, it ♦ ♦ would have cast a cloud upon + X hi* life which would have over- ♦ ♦ shadowed him to the very grave ♦ f itself. ♦ ♦ Take success In the world to- ♦ ♦ d*y ♦ tionable means, how certainly ♦ X do the misdeeds uncover them- * ♦ selves at last, and relentlessly ♦ X and persistently follow the per- J ♦ petrator. ^ 4 Success wdn by any but fair 4 ♦ means brings unrest of soul, ▼ 4 and merits the contempt and 4 scorn of the world. What shall It profit a man 4 If he gain the whole world at ♦ the sacrifice of honor, or obedi ence to God's law, or service to his brother man? Faith that can wait brings success which will endure. The hich Is achieved by ques- J ♦ : ♦ ♦ X 1 road of present expediency does T not lead to 4he land of perfect > realization. It was a long time from the anointing at Bethlehem until the crowning at Hebron. But the ! 1 4 God who promises at Bethle- 4 t hem Ie the God who cen keep 4 through the vicissitudes of the ^ yesre and can fulfill to the min uteet detail hie spoken word. The man who Is willing to take only the tucceee which God gives la the hands God commits his most im. portant trusts. David's chief adviser was the Heavenly Friend whose wisdom Is above man's wisdom, and whose faithfulness never slack ens. Into whose ! : : : : How often In the chapter® be fore us we find the etatement that David inquired of the Lord J as to the courte he should pur- ♦ sue. Even this man of affairs X with the discipline of the years upon him dare not trust to his * own wisdom. He must seek X the Divine guidance, by which alone he could walk In the straight path which would deliv er him from the snares of .tHe enemy and establish him in the kingdom which so long before ^ had been promised to him. In all of his tribulations and ^ adversities David was the cheer. 4 ful optimist whose vision was from above even while his feet walked the uncertain pathways ^ ♦ of the world. ^ We may not all be called to ^ 4 kingdoms, but we may alt have the privilege of the Divine : ♦ ♦ Î t guidance and the consciousness 4 Î. that God's pretence is with us, Î J be the place we fill ever so 4 4 humble. ♦ 4 ♦ * 44444444-4444444444 444 44 444 THE STORY. A FTER the ocean tempest come the subdued .winds and the subsiding waves; the heavens stretch blue and beautiful from horizon to horizan. and the golden sunshine fills all the balmy air. But along the rock bound shore the wreckage lies In mad confusion a sad reminder of the storm of the night before. There In mute protest to Nature's friendly mood are the torn and shattered timbers of the noble ship which has gone down Into the mer ciless maw of the mighty waters There strewn along tho beach Is the water-soaked cargo, and from beneath the contusion of plied wreckage ap Iicars the hand, the foot, the battered head of some hapless victim Nature so peaceful and reassuring, and yet bring lng but poor comfort to tho heart which contemplates the ruin before It. Bo was It in Israel. The storm of battle ha» passed; the clash of arms Is stilled, the thunder of rushing war chariots and the mad cries of multi tildes of men Joined In death strug gle have died away, and those who have not fallen In battle have scatter ed to their homes while the victorious army of the Philistines lad. a with plunder has returned home again. The sky Is blue as before, the sun cheery and warm, the breezes laden with perfume from the flowering fields, and the birds, unconscious of the trag edy of war—of the King and bis sons slain, and of the mourning In many a home In Israel whither the father, and tho son, the sweetheart and brother would never more return —pouring out their little souls In glad melody, but in the hearts of the peo ple a note of deep anguish and anxious foreboding. Oh, the agony of those days, weeping for the lost and fearing for the living. With blanched cheeks and trembling lips the people talked together of the tragic end of King Saul and hts sons, of the mutilation of tbelr bodies, of their hanging from the walls of Beth-shan, a ghastly trophy of the fortunes of war. ot the placing of the king's armor In the temple of Asbtaroth the Philistine god; of these and the thousand and one other bloody details of the ter rible battle the people talked, and wondered what further misfortune awaited the nation. With Saul .and his three sons dead, who was there to lead the nation? Confusion and uncertainty prevailed. Even Abner the leader of the hoats of Israel was apparently unable to rally bis force* and suggest some plan of action. The people were aa aheep without a shep herd. So for day* and week* the dis order and confusion continued, even as tar south a* in the land of Judah. And Is there the etlrrlng report* bf the bat tle with its 111 consequence* to Israel were repeated over and over again, and the same questions stirred the heart* ot the people as to who now would lead them as troubled the northern tribes. In the spirit of much depression the elders of Judah came together to consider the situation, meeting secretly In one of the little obscure towns lest If they assembled at Hebron, their chief city, news of the meeting might reach the ears of the Philistines and stir them to Immediate attack. It was but natural that the first thought should be of David, and some for un Immediate sending of a messenger to him Inviting his re turn to Judah, but Just as they were about to do so a runner brought tid ings that David had Joined his forces with those of Achlsh, the Philistine king, and had shared in tile recent bat tle which had resulted so disastrously to the army of Israel. "What, David light against his ♦ : ♦ + ♦ : ♦ + ♦ + ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ * ♦ J ^ 4 ▼ 4 4 ♦ brethren in Israel?" the elders ei 1 laimod. •'Yea." "Ttaoi dwelling in the land of tin» Philistines replied k newest in the messenger been he J for now these many months, and how King Achlsh gave him Zlklag In which to dwell. And Achlsh vith him and trusted him as lie might 1 ado league a brother, so that when be gathered Ids armies to go out against the arm ies of Israel he took David and his men along." A long painful silence followed this Whither, now, ♦ ♦ disconcerting Indeed, would Judah turn. David had failed them. Now that he had tak up arms against his own countrymen there could never more be place for In Judah. And with even great er depression than before the elders departed to their homes. But the next day strange things had Happened in JudAh. messengers to each other with the query: "Hath David sent aught to thee? Behold, when I arrived home I "found there awaiting the spoil which David had sent with loyal greetings. What thlnkest thou concerning It?" It can be imagined what surprise and astonishment such tidings brought to each of the elders and hastily they reassembled early on the following day to consider the master. Then It was that the full details of David's re turn to Ziklag, his pursuit of tho en emy which had burned his city and carried off the women and children, and of his recovery of everything which had been taken, were made known. X in ! The elders sent 4 u goodly portion of : : "Then he did not fight with the Philistines agalnat Israel ?" they ex claimed, one to the other, their de pression giving place to the joy of n new hope. "Let us «end greetings at, once to David, and invite him to return," eag erly suggested one, "Hut who Is there who will dare go Into the land of the PhillHtlne« to carry him word. If tho wiping of such messenger reaches tho ears of the PhlÜHtino«, 1 fear It will go hard with David, and may bring tho Phil iHflno armiea down upon us," spoke up another cautiously. Then followed an earnest discussion which was suddenly Interrupted by the entrance of a breathless runner who exclaimed hh soon as he was able to recover the power of speech: "David! Hebron!" "What's that you say?" fairly shout ed the elders, ho excited were they. "David ha« come to Hebron?" The messenger nodded his head In assent, and added: "Yea, and he hath brought all his men and all hl» substance, and his wives and all whatsoever he hath." "Then let us go up to Hebron and there anoint him our king. Sure ly God has looked down upon us In our distress, and hath sont a deliverer." And so it was that the men of Ju dah rame and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. Kasbgaria. There are few places In tho world so difficult to get at bb Kashgarla. Though It lies In Chinese territory the Journey from l'ekln occupies no loss than six months. Front India cara vans take two months, having to cross meanwhile Ihe three highest mountain ranges In the world hy way of several passes measuring 18,000' feet above sea level. Then from tho tallend of tho Rus sian railway system In Central Asia one may roach Kashgar In throe weeks by several routes, all Involving the transit of difficult and storm swept passes. Kashgarla Is »aid to cover an area of 350,000 square miles—a statement that has little Interest until consid ered In relation to tho proportion which Is cultivated hy man. It Is startling to relate thut human en deavor hns been capable of rendering fertile little more than a hundredth part and that ninety-nine hundredth« of It Is Irredeemable desert. Is a« Novelty in Entertainments. A Paris paper says that on every Sunday Mrs Mackay receives her friends In a secluded corner of the Latin quarter's most famous park In Paris 13; be fer The refreshments at these entertainment* are supplied by pass ing vendor*, such as old women who sell tempting raisin cake and other like dainties. The paper adds to this account, which, whether or not au thentic, Is pleasant to believe, that these novel little afftlrs have been most successful and are a great relief after more formal entertainments. Natural 8oap Baths. Natural soap baths are not an un mixed blessing, spring that forms a wonder of a vil lage In Timor, East Indian Islands, constats of a small elevated mud cone, from which bubbles up water heavily charged with alkali and radium, the discharge giving the ap pearance of a miniature volcano. A disadvantage of such a washing place Is that vegetatioa la ruined for miles around. The curious soap Boots Worn by Great Protector. in London the other day a pair of riding boote worn by Oliver Cromwell were sold for $43. They were discov ered 30 years ago during some exca vations at Canonbury tower, Islington. Rifles T THE GUBERNATORIAL RACE. Noel Hae the Lead, But the Vote Ie Very Cloee. Jackson, Miss. The finish in the sec ond primary promises to be as thrilling as in the first. Following is the vote given each candidate for governor, ao cording to unofiiciai figures: COUNTY. Noel. 665 450 Adams. Alcorn. A mite. Attala. Benton. Bolivar .... Calhoun_ Carroll. Chickasaw... *Cho(3ti ( lailKirno Clarke ... ..i! i,:m 057 «015 1,07« 1,470 548 s>:\ 477 :i«7 1,011 897 I I 978 «: OT 450 299 IÔ «4:i I «94 I 513 t Oahoma.. ( -opitth. t ovington. 1 )oSoto,. Forrest. Franklin. Grenada. Greene. .r*i ,1 1,39:51 7*18 j MHI 52« 5«4 ! 43 I H()7 404 318 S :m : 3114 H77 462 374 ID 'ock. Harrison. Hinds. Holmes. Issaquena. I taw a in lui . Jack son. 835 850 1,140 1,453 1,144 IIS 7« 38 789 1,04« r „, 160 771 723 UN 240 Jelferson. Jefferson Davis. Jones . .. Jjompcr. Lamar. Lafayette.j Luuiiurdnle ... Lawrence. Leake. Lee. Leflore. Lincoln. Lowndes. Mail! son. M arion. Macshull. Monroe. Montgomery .. Neshoba. Newton. Noxubee. Oktlblieba. I'anola. l'earl Hiver... Pike. It, 382 1 , 22 » 1,108 875 273 1 , 1 ( 8 ! 1,47» .4.» 1(02 1,75« 450 1,172 833 I,4»3 1,241 32« 558 1,31» »»8 ;,'i 700 »."Ml 61« 750 403 633 870 1,233 1,1»8 1.133 1,150 1,027 442 1,04» 1,051 35« «32 822 4»5 837 28» (84 »81 1,08» 1,014 1,258 Pontotoc. Prentiss. Quitman. Kankin. Scott. Sharkey. Simpson. Smith. Sunflower_____ Tallahatchie. Tute . Tippah. Tishomingo. 810 1,102 169 • 1 59 745 90« 705 152 104 910 888 1,110 973 ; -:i U3 600 «78 t8l 1,173 77« 878 475 234 12 » Tunica 1,240 1,03(1 Union. Warren_ Washington Winston ... Wayne..... Webster ... Wilkinson.. Yalobusha. Yazoo . 562 535 629 1,175 670 550 57» 'Ll 729 428 1 , 12 « «37 1 , 1 . 1 « 5«,2«« . 65,034 Total. Mississippi's Delegates. Gov. Vardanian has named the fol lowing delegates to the Lakes-to-l lulf Deep Waterway» convention to be held In Memphis Oct. 4 and 5: George T. Mitchell, Tupelo; A. (.!. Anderson, Klp ]»y; Charles Heott, Hosodale; H. K. Hugliston, Ackerman; K. A. Wither spoon, Meridian; Theo. G. Hill»), l'op larvllle; W. W. Dickson, Centerville; 0. M. Williamson, Jackson. Farmers' Institute. The faculty and management of the Mississippi Agricultural Experiment .Station are now making active prepar ations for the final "round-up" farmers' Institute which Is scheduled to be held at Starkvllle slept. 4, 5 und « next. This will afford an excellent op|K)rtu nlty to those Interested to hear some imhructire discussions on cultural methods and kindred subjects. Sixteenth Section Lande. The next legislature ot Mississippi will lie asked to enact a hill exempting the McQuown property in Columbus from tile provisions of the sixteenth section leasehold clause. FYacticully the entire business district of the city Is included In the sixteenth section, and a« a great deal of property has changed hands recently a number of complica tion« have arisen. Scholarships Created. The Mississippi Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy, has es tablished a scholarship In the Indus trial Institute and College at Columbus and In Mil Laps College at Jackson, for the benefit of tho descendants of Con federate soldiers or sailors. To Talk Agriculture. On -Sept. 2 Congressman Candler will begin a tour of his district In the Inter ests of agricultural pursuits. Mr. Can dler will lie accompanied by four gov ernment experts that have been as signed to work In the district. The tour will be as follows: luka, Sept. 2; Corinth, Kept. 3; Hooneville, Hept. 4; Guntown, Kept. 6; Tupelo, SepL «; Ful ton, Sept. 7; Amory, Sept. 9; Aber deen, Sept. 10; Caledonia, Sept. Ilg Columbus, Sept. 12; Starkvllle, Sept. 13; Macon, Sept. 14. Female Suffragists. The Mississippi Woman's Suffrage Association will meet at Jaokaon tat November, at which a memorial will be framed asking the legislature to ooo> fer suffrage oa women in presidential elections. Building Boom. Building operation* and Industrial improvements Involving an outlay of nearly hall a million dollars are In progress at Columbus, and the city ta enjoying the most prosperous ora in her history.