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/I I f ,/ V» J THE COMMONWEALTH JOB PKINTING Of ALL KINDS mnm only the news NEATLY EXECUTED ON SHORT NOTICE. THAT IS FIT TO PRINT. A Reliable Local Newspaper. OUR MOTTO : "BE JUST AND FEAR NOT. Gillespie and Son, Editors and Publishers ft VOL. XIII.—NO. 38. GREENWOOD, LeFLORE COUNTY. MISSISSIPPI, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPT._17, 1909. Subscription, $1.50 Per Year INTERESTING DATA CONCERNING ALASKA. Some history about Wonderful Coun try and Its Resources. Having gotten together an d publish ed last week some observations as to onr recent twenty-day voyage along the coast of Alaska, we reproduce be low an interesting bit of history about Alaska and the trip prepared and dis tributed among the members of the ' National Editorial Association by the Alaska Steamship Company, facts and figures are well worth read ing: These "It was on July lfith, 1741, one hun dred and sixty-eight years and eight days prior to the date for the sailing of the National Editorial Association Ex cursion for Alaska, that Yitue Bering, after groping his way across the un harted waters of Bering Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, sighted the coast of Alaska. Just forty-four days before the discovery of Alaska, George Wash ington cut down the cherry tree in his father's garden. We know that some unsentimental historians dispute this episode, so familiar to childhood mem ory, but our researches for the contem poraneous event that would put the date of the discovery of Alaska in dis play type have brought to light the un expected and astonishing fact that Geo. Washington, then in his tenth year, felled the cherry tree with his little hatchet on Juft 4, 1741, to cel ebrate the third birthday of George III. It is not the province of this folder to discuss whether this little cutting af fray had anything to do with the sub sequent relations of these historic per sonages. Had this great prize of discovery fallen to any other nation than the one possessing the whole of northern Asia as a frontier, it would not have passed, after little more than a century of un comprehending possession, for a sum less than the present value of one sea son's catch of food fishes along its coast into the reluctant ownership of another nation. As well might Americans 100 years ago attempted to estimate the value of the Louisiana Purchase as to presume today to forecast the future importance of that great real estate transaction whereby, at a price a little under two cents the acre, the United States added to its possessions 375,000, 000 acres of unexplored land in the northern part of the continent. For thirty years the traditions of the Rus sian fur corporation and the prejudice engendered by the political contro versy attending the acquirement of Alaska served to keep the people of the United States from coming into the en joyment of their own. The country was supposed to be valuable only for the rich furs which its land and water an imals produced. 44 "For a quarter of a century a handful of Alaska pioneers have been telling in a feeble voir.e that the country is val uable and that it has many great re sources; that it is an "empire without a people." The voice of the pioneer is beginning to be heard. We are going to take yon, gentlemen of the National Editorial Association, on a brief trip into this new land of promise; and we believe that the journey will delight and astonish you, and we hope when you . . t return to your homes and your work that you will carry with you facts about the country and memories of a pleasant 'voyage that will make interesting ma terial for your readers. Maybe you'll add your clarion voices to the feeble voice of the pioneer, and help to cor rect the misapprehensions concerning Alaska. "We must travel six hundred miles before we reach Alaska, and in order that you may see the country from a proper viewpoint we shall ask you to indulge us while we briefly tell you something about this wonderful North land of ours. Alaska has an area of 586,400 square miles. This is greater than the combined area of Washington, Oregon, California, Arizona and Nevada. It was purchased from Russia in 1867 and cost the United States $7,200,000. 8ince 1878 the total value of Alaska products is $320,000,000. The value of mineral exported from Alaska daring this period is $148,000,000. Gold is the principal item of these minerals. The gold produced would weigh about 284 tons and is valued at $142,000,000. Moat of this gold has come from placer de posits. There are two creeks in Alas ka—Anvil ( reek, in the Nome country, and Cleary Creek, in.the Fairbanks dis trict—each of which has produced more gold than we paid for the country. The Treadwell mines on Gastineaa Channel, with a surface area of not more than 200 acrap, have produced gold valued at five times the purchase price of Alaska. There are hundreds of millions of dollars of this valuable metal in sight, and vast regions of un explored territory. The mineralised area of Alaska is greater than the en tire state of California, and the indica tions justify the statement that "Alan ia contains more gold than California, Australia, or South Africa." "The comparatively small vaine of the other mineral products is doe to lack of development. The copper mines, ex cepting a few on the coast, are waiting for means of transportation. Corpora tions are now expending millions of dol lars to provide these facilities. There is more copper in Alaska than has been mined in the United States. Alaska has the greatest copper mine in the world, a mine in which a 200-foot tunnel and a few cross-cats revealed ore that, in 1900, had an estimated vaine of $22,000, 000. The ledge of this mine is 110 feet wide and the average vaine of the cop per in the entire ledge is 22 per cent. Twenty-five feet of this ledge contains ore which gives an assay value of sixty eight per cent, copper. There are cop per nuggets in this region varying in size from a shot to a weight of three tons. We are going to take yon in the outskirts of this rich copper region. And there are still other regions of Alaska which contain valuable depos its of copper. "Alaska contains more coal than Pennsylvania. It contains anthracite coal equal to the best grade mined in the United States. Our journey takes us up in the coal region of Alaska. The combined area of the Bering River and Matanuska coal fields is about 100 square miles. The estimated tonnage from these fields from present pros pects and development is 1,000,000,000. The United States Geological survey reports 12,644 square miles of coal-bear ing rocks in Alaska and an area of 1,238 square miles of coal. No doubt there are many undiscovered coal deposits. The total area of anthracite and bitum inous coal is 557 3 square miles and the total area of anthracite and bituminous coal-bearing rocks is 5,990 square miles. The remainder of the coal is lig nite. These data, gentlemen, will en able you to make au estimate of the quantity and possible value of the known coal deposits of Alaska. "On our journey we shall pass the Kayak, or Katalla, oil fields, the most promising in Alaska, and while they have not produced oil in any great commercial quantity, the oil secured is of the best quality; and it is the opin ion of experts who have examined these fields that there is an immense reser voir of oil in the Katalla field. In the early part of our journey we will pass by an island where marble, equal to any in the United States, is quarried, and by another island where gypsum is mined. We will not go to the tin coun try, as that is in tl\p extreme north western part of the territory, a region of Alaska that contains the most prom ising tin mines ever discovered in the United States. Most of the silver that has come from Alaska is a by-product of gold and copper, but there is a large number of galena ledges, carrying a high percentage of silver. These ledges are now in process of development. There are other minerals in Alaska— tungsten, asbestos, mica, cinabar, graphite and bismuth—but they have not as yet been produced in commer cial quantities. Garnets and rubies have been found in the territory, and on the Kobnk River on the Artie slope there is a mountain of jade. 'There are more fish in Alaskan wa ters than in all the fisheries of the At lantic Coast. The value of food fishes exported from Alaska since 1878 is $115,000,000. The total value of salmon exported from Alaska is $105,000,000. The value of Alaska's fish product last year was more than $11,000,000. If the cans of salmon put up in Alaska laid end to end they would reach five times around the earth. were The salmon fisheries of Alaska furnish one-half of -the salmon product of the world. There are 30,000 square miles of cod in the North Pacific Ocean and in Bering Sea that have been scarcely touched. l t Nobby and Nifty Clothes IS THE KIND •e WE MAKE. i We GUARANTEE the Fit, Workmanship and Material. All our Fall and Winter WOOLENS are on Display NOW. $ We do all kinds of Repairing and Pressing and Solicit Your Patronage. SAUNDERS & SHULER, TAILORS. 5 ■V 216 Howard Street. G^SciLvood, Miss. t SCHOOL OPENS MONDAY SEPT. 20TH. SCHOOL BOOKS, COMP. BOOKS, CRAYONS, SCHOOL BAGS, LUNCH BASKETS» SLATES. TABLETS, PENCILS, PENS, INKS, ERASERS, PENCIL BOXES. LEON STEIN BOOK STORE i , SCHOOL BOOKS SPOT CASH. POSITIVELY NO EXCEPTIONS The halibut fisheries from Dixon En trance to the Alaska Peninsula are both extensive and productive. The total vaine of fish by-products from Alaska during the past thirty years is prob ably more than $10,000,000. These by products comprise whalebone, oil, fer tilizer, etc. The whaling industry in Alaskan waters since the first Right whale was caught on the Kodiak grounds in 1835 has produced a rev enue of more than $100,000,000. The far product of Alaska, valued at more than $100,000,000 daring Russian occu pation, has a value of near $50,000,000 since we acquired the country. "There are some farms in Alaska— enough to prove that the soil is pro ductive and fertile and capable of sap porting a population of many millions. There are more than 30,000 acres of homesteaded land in the vicinity of Fairbanks. The great Tsnana Valley is adapted to agriculture. The same may be said of the Copper River Val ley and the Valley of the Snaitna. In brief, all of Alaska sooth of the Yukon is destined to become an agricultural country. Why shouldn't it? The lat itude is similar to the prodnetive re gions of the Scandinavian Peninsula and the climate in seme parts of this country is much milder than the cli mate of northern Europe; the rainfall in adequate, and the soil is fertile. Yon never ate saeh vegetables aa are grown in the Yukon basin. They have flavor that is distinctive, incompar able. The quantity of wild berries that grow in Alaska is one of the pleasing and surprising features of the country. There are hundreds of thousands of acres of fruit-laden boshes which ev ery year shed their delicious burden upon the palateless soil. The principal varieties of berries are blaeberries, cranberries, salmon berries and car rants. Bears feast in berry patches and grow fat. Since we acquired Alaska its wasted fruitage would make wine enough to drown the sorrows of the world. If yon do not believe ns, ask 'the settler who makes jams and jellies for winter use; ask the Indians of the Yukon and its tributaries who gather the frnit in capacious birch baskets and enjoy a perpetual feast daring the ber ry season; ask the Eskimos who go ber rying on the tnndra and treeless hills of Northwestern Alaska and preserve the fruit for winter use by soaking it in seal oil and filling great sealskins with the savory (?) mixtnre. "Not many persons know that there a very promising livestock industry in Alaska. horses, cattle, sheep, goats nor hogs— it is reindeer. The day is not far dis tant when the markets of the United States will be supplied with delicious reindeer steaks from Alaska. There are 20,000 reindeer in Northwestern Alaska, and the increase is at the rate of thirty-three and one-third per cent, every year. Within eighteen years there will be more than a million rein deer in Alaska. Reindeer moss in Alas ka, upon which the deer subsist in the winter, will provide forage for 8,000, 000 reindeer. Reindeer do not have to be stabled, and they provide their own food through all seasons. "Alaska has vast forests. There are extensive areas of timber which may be converted into merchantable lumber. But the day of lumber exports has not arrived. There has been manufactured in Alaska for local use lumber to the value of not less than $1,000,000. There are extensive forests of small trees and soft wood suitable for wood pulp." The publication of the above con cludes our articles on Alaska for the present, but we shall at different cimes make some comments on the prog ress of that wonderful section of coun try. We would be delighted to see Alaska twenty-five vears hence and vie* the phenomenal growth and velopment which we are confident she will achieve within that time, if not at an earlier date. For the sight-seer the trip to Alaska is the greatest and most wonderful of any on the globe, and we would advise everyone who can possibly do so to visit this land of supreme splendor and gor geons grandeur. This livestock is neither uC ~ Very truly, J. L. GILLESPIE. Planters Bank Statement. In this issue of The Commonwealth appears the quarterly statement of the Planters Bank at Schlater, one of the most successful banking houses in Le flore connty. The excellent showing this bank makes evidences the fact that the most careful attention is given to their work and that the section around Schlater is enjoying increased prosper ity. This bank is very conservative and with its present backing and con sistent business methods will always rank as one of the safest banks in the county. School and office supplies at C. E. Gillespie & Co's. t McSHANE ADDITION TO GREENWOOD. Few Facts About This Growing Ad dition to Our City. In this issue of The Commonwealth appears a page advertisement of the McShane Addition to Greenwood, show ing the advantages this addition pos sesses, and also a number of interesting scenes around this addition. Since the opening of this addition to onr city, Mr. Lee Arterbury, its capa ble manager, has sold a great number of lots and it is one of the most thickly settled portions of the colored district in the city. Several neat homes have been erected and contracts for a still greater number have been let. The prosperous negro that is desirous of having a home sees his* opportunity in the surprising offers that Mr. Arter bury is making and the rnsh for these lots has greatly enhanced the market price of this section of the city. A new $12,000 school building for col ored children will be erected on lota in this addition, which is indeed an at traction for the colored people of the city. Not only are these lots in demand by the colored people, but capitalists and real estate holders of our city are buy ing up lots in this addition and erect ing houses thereon, one of the best pay ing investments in the city. This part of the city will soon be the most thickly settled portion of Green wood by colored people, and those who are anxious to invest their money in a paying proposition should avail them selves of this opportunity and seenre some of these lots while Mr. Arterbury is offering them at such a low price and upon such easy terms. . J. B. Rovenhorst has open ed a Repairing Shop in the Greenwood Hotel Building, on 222 Howard. Watch Repair ing is his specialty. STORM PROOF. Will Peteet's Cyclone Poli cies at a cost of next nothing. u »» MANUFACTURES SHAFTS AND POLES. f. X. Frappie In the Market for 1,500, 000 Feet hickory Lots. Just a mile north of town, jnst above the Success Brick & Tile Co. is to be found an interesting little plant that is of. industrial importance to onr eity and vicinity. Mr. F. X. Frappie, owner of this industry, manufactures hiekory shafts and wagt» poles, and employs a crew of about thirty men daily. The amount invested in this plant ag gregates about $8,000 and the weekly pay.roll is $350.00. P*"* 1 kaâ a ; comfortable boarding house on its site, and several small houses are dotted i around the mill. A $17,000 switch runs I out from the Y. A M. V. R. R tracks. Several wagons are kept busy all day hauling stove wood to the city, for which Mr. Frappie finds a ready market price of $2.00 per load delivered. Mr. Frappie's mill has been in opera tion for abont one year, and furnishes a ready market for timbermen who are cutting hickory logs. He announces that he is in the market for 1,500,000 feet of hickory logs at cash prices. This encourages the cutting of hickory logs and enhances the trade of Greenwood, as the sales are made here and mast of the cash transaction is left with our progressive merchants. We are glad to note Mr. Frappie's success, and feel the importance of this as well as other industries that are scattered over our hustling city. JEWISH NEW YEAR WAS CELEBRATED. 'Yom Klpplr" Will Be Observed In Greenwood. With the setting of the sun Wednes day evening the year 5670 will be ush ered in by the Jewish people of this city. Rabbi Tedesha, one of the most prom inent pulpit orators of Cincinnati, de livered an excellent lecture at the Jew ish Synagogue, and will continue to hold services at the synagogue until af ter "Yom Kippir," which comes on Sep tember 24th. The New Year was appropriately cel ebrated in this city Thursday, all the Jewish stores closing their places of business. The thorough manner in which this important day was enjoyed by our good Jew friends indicated that they are among the happiest people in the world. Good cheer prevailed all during the day and the holiday was de lightfully spent with visits to their friends throughout the city. The Day of Atonement will soon fol low, after which they will have feast ing and rejoicing. The Day of Atone ment for the Jews is the day of Re pentance. There is not a class of peo ple more devoted to a form of worship than are the Jews to their conception of religion. We wish them all more success than ever, and that this new year for them will be a most pleasant one and that they wil\ continue to take the same friendly interest in their city. SCATES Ice Watch for the Wagon. Cream Cones. COUNTY SOLON'S SEPTEMBER MEETING Proved to Be a Busy Session for the Supervisors. The Board of Supervisors consumed the early part of last week in dispatch ing the heavy business that eame be fore that body at its September meet ing. M9ssrs. Aldridge, Sykes, Haley, Avent, Brown, Prophet, Stone and Crockett were the quorum present. Among the important matters that came before the Board was the letting of the contract for the iron bridge across the Taliahatehie river, the ad jnstment of the personal assessments and the election of drainage commis sioners. The W. T. Yonng Bridge A Iron Co., of Nashville, proved to be the success ful bidders for the construction of the new bridge, their contract price bein g $19,800, part of which, $4,500, is to be paid said company by parties other than the connty. The W. T. Young Bridge A Iron Co. made bond for $25, 000 for the faithful performance of their part of said contract. Mr. G. W. Holmes was elected for a term of three years to succeed himself as a member of the county board of Drainage Commissioners. Mr. J. D. Dillard, of Schlater, was elected member of the same board to fill out the unexpired term of Capt. D. T. Mitchell, who recently tendered his resignation. The resignation of Mr. Giles Avent as a member of the Board of Supervisors was also accepted and an order made for a special election for his successor from Beat Three. as a It was ordered by the Board that county taxes for the year 1909 be lev ied as follows: For county purposes, 5 95-100 mills, being 99 1-6 per cent, of state tax; Bridge Bond Sinking Fund, 6-10 of a mill, being 10 per cent, of state tax; Court House Bond Sinking Fund, 3-4 of a mill, being 12 1-2 per cent; of state tax; Road Boad Sinking Fund, four-tenths of a mill, being 6 2-3 per cent, of state tax; and for road purposes one mill, being 16 2-3 per cent, of state tax. The following accounts we -e allowed: Mrs T C Topp, teaching ..$ Brandon Printing Co., books Barnard & Co., books for Sheriff Commonwealth, legal notices.... Read Gro. Co., oil for bridge 5.25 S G Wilson, coffin for panper Rob't Herman, mdse for panper 3.50 Leon Stein, sta. for Sheriff Miss Robbie Merrill, teaching Marshall & Brace, books & sta. J B Humpheys, Cir. court acct.. S. Z. Prophet, H B Levy, court stenographer S Z Prophet, habeas corpus trial J B Humphreys, J A McDonald, rep's on bridge 5.0G C W Crockett, postage .... W T Davis, salary S L Raines, med. and sta. L N Chandler, med. for Geo. Wagner, burying pauper Lee Arterbury, making assess't Enterprise, legal notices Cumb. Tel. Co., service Aug. Chas. Es per, boarding paupers G 'wood Light Co., service Aug. W M Peteet, salary.. D o Alexander, pnblic roads, W M Hendrix, making fills J H Alford, making fills Flanagan & Roes, lbr.. F H Scott, public roads 2,834.94 J C Scott, working roads.... C W Crockett, copies of assess't 308.12 G M Tamer, making fills Giles Avent, d.om & inspection J M Sykes, J L Haley, S 1 Brown, F M Aldridge, E D Stone, salary 20.00 17.50 51.15 19.80 7.60 2.85 40.00 82.55 210.50 1,038.70 150.00 10.50 44 44 44 44 8.20 44 7.10 85.00 36.50 4.95 paupers 10.00 883.74 18.30 12.65 30.00 31.08 . 101.00 1,337.87 . 645.80 486 88 . 134.24 40.00 234.25 31.50 46.00 23.00 42.00 44 4« 44 44 44 44 8.00 25.00 Ball Club Organized. Twenty-four of the dancing gentlemen of Greenwood met in the Raines' Building Wednesday evening for the purpose of organizing a ball club. young Preparations were made for the perfecting of the organization. And a meeting was called for next Wednesday evening at which time an appropriate name for the clnb will be selected, of ficers elected and final business trans acted. An opening dance will be given about the middle of October, tions for membership will have to bo sent to Geo. L. Paddison, acting Secre tary. Those present Wednesday eve ning last were elected members of the club. We are glad to see this ment, for it is very likely that the club will finally be merged into an up-to-date social club, needs. They have our best wishes for Applica move something Greenwood success, and we hope that all the mem bers will be present at the meeting which will be held next Wednesday evening, the final meeting before the opening ball. For Sale. Moaorn, conveniently arranged house all conveniences. P. W. PARSONS, Care Delta Bank. 1 The Commonwealth, $ 1.50.