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The commonwealth. (Greenwood, Miss.) 1896-1923, December 24, 1909, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89065008/1909-12-24/ed-1/seq-2/

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®tj* (BnmttumtwalUf
J. G. Gillespie
J. L. Gillespie
Long Distance Cumb. Ft.- tie No,
Official Paper of Lefloro County and of
the City of ire on ^ood.
Obituaries, Tributes of Respect and
Card* of Thanks in this paper will be
enarged for at the rate of 5 cents a line.
Subscribers not receiving their paper
promptly will please notify the office.
Changes in address should be reported
Greenwood, Miss., Friday, Dec. 24, 1909
The Christmas shopper has done
his do.
8urely, joy and trouble go hand
in hand.
The time is at last as short as our
Cotton continue.^ to smash all
aviation records.
It's not too late yet to get that
Xmas gift for the poor.
Lots of father's check books have
been worked over time.
The holidays are here—on with
the dance-; let joy be uncoufined.
We wish you a merry Christmas
and a happy and prosperous New
The cold weather has given it to
the boll weevil in the neck, so don't
The South is contributing more
than her share of the prosperity to
the country.
The charitable Christmas shop
per has lightened the burdens of his
pocketbook. ^
No man will bo arrested for va
grancy if they catch him broke just
after Christmas.
Remember the Santa Clausless
Once placed in their posi
tions you would loosen up.
The man who advertises with
reasonable regularity
most of the public patronage.
will receive
Christmas presents of hard coin
are always acceptab'e, and the silver
coin need not be engraved, either.
That bill collector will be chasing
us January 1st, so help us pay Bill
the bill we owe Bill, by settling
your account with us.
A steamer of whiskey sank iu the
Ohio River sometime ago.
pity that the funeral gang was not
present to take a bath.
'Tis a
Yes, this is The Commonwealth's
birthday. Birthday gifts, in the
way of paid-subscriptions will be
gladly received and more titan duly
As the weeks pass by and matters
of importance await his considera
tion, Gov. Noel is becoming more
and more popular with the mas3 of
popular sentiment
All kinds of spheroidical figures
were cut in front of our office dur
ing the snowy days of the weeks. It
was unintentional on the part of our
force, but some one insinuated that
it was in front of a slick office.
The Greenwood Commonwealth
quite outdid itself on its Holiday
number, isssed last week. It is the
handsomest aud most ambitious sim
ilar edition that has come to the Sen
tinel's exchange table this season.—
Yazoo Sentinel.
W e are in receipt of the handsome
holiday editions of the Greenwood
Commonwealth which was issued last
week. They were well filled with
reading; a
It reflected credit
good advertising and
number of pages,
upon its publishers and town.
The Christmas editions of the Ya
zoo Sentinel, Yazoo Herald, and the
Greenwood Commonwealth are splen
did exemplificatious of modern journ
alistic enterprise. The men at the
head of the three papers named are
a credit to the commonwealth, and if
some oi the other fditers in this state
who have equal opportunities would
show the same kind of energy it
would aid materially in the elevation
of our journalistic standard.—Jack
son Daily News.
With this issue The Common
wealth is celebrating its fourteenth
year of existence in Greenwood.
Last week The Commonwealth
greeted its readers with as compre
hensive an edition as was ever is
sued from a Greenwood office, and
that it affirmed its primacy, corres
ponding to the primacy of the city
that it represented. In projecting
that special edition it was appro
priately ca'led our ''Holiday Edi
tion," which title was abundantly
justified in the generous advertising
patronage extended, demonstrating
that the progressive business men
of the best city in the State were
ready to avail themselves of the ad
vent of a new day of business ac
tivity that is dawning, while at the
same time indicating an apprecia
tion of the best and most effective
means of reaching those to whom
they had a message to impart.
Therein was suggested a purpose
that will aiways animate this paper.
Ever since our connection with this
paper we have sought to reflect the
forward movement of Greenwood in
every particular— to lead and pro
ject if the occasion required. That
sense of service and responsibility
abides in its editorial direction, and
the generous patronage of that spec
ial edition was the best manifesta
tion of approval of that policy that
could be given us. Onr good peo
ple knaw that The Commonwealth
is primarily and essentially of and
for the ''Queen City of the Delta."
It has enjoyea considerable growth,
larger opportunities for service have
been unfolded, and we now com
mand a recognition throughout the
We are properly apprecia
tive of the liberal patrodage extend
ed to our endeavors to produce a
paper truly representative of Green
We want it understood, we well
know that it is so understood that
The Commonwealth exists for Green
wood and it avails iteelf of every op
portunity to promote its better in
terests. There is no factor in the
city that is moae ^deeply concerned
in its material upbuilding. Coop
eration is our keynote and so long
as we continue to receive such lib
eral patronage at the hands of
our friends and supporters we feel
more than amply repaid for what
ever endeavor may be exerted by
us toward the development of
Greenwood's unlimited resources.
To those subscribers that are in
arrears, a notice will greet you in
a few days, calling your attention
to this indebtedness, and we shall
certainly appreciate the prompt at
tention that we hope you will give
this Wishing you one and all a
merry Christmas and a happy New
Year The Commonwealth begins its
advent upon its fourteenth year.
Greenwood promises to be more
than full of Christmas joy, during
all the bright days of the glad
Christmas week. The fact that the
day of days comes on Saturday, it
has given us a week for preparation
and enables us to work to it as a sort
of climax of delight, of which the
following day of rest will be an af
termath of sweetness and content.
The homecoming college boys and
girls have had their days of joys,
each running over far into the fol
lowing night. Every happy home
to which these young hearts have
returned have been, within them
selves, a Christmas center, where
light and life and love together join
joyous hands.
We hope that each one, .both
youth and maidens, home to spend
the blessed time, may find in every
flying minute of every hour the ra
diance of which their young hearts
dream so happily. This is our
Christmas wish for them. And for
those to whom they are so dear, our
better wish is this, that, within the
homes where they have been, and
the hearts which have sheltered and
protected them since life came—a
pracious gift—unto each there may
linger a very precious incense to
make fragrant the long days of sep
aration, the memory of these days
together, unmarred by any cruel
word or thoughtless deed from
these, their best beloved. Our hap
py homes have added a glow of joy,
a brightened cheer o'er all, and ev
ery heart within the dear home cir
cle will be a happier heart, because
of the gladness which "the chil
dren" coming brought.
Good resolutions need constant
A oeshion from my surrey.
toC. C. N Y«; Box JS1.
Tbere is much About Greenwood
that the citizens do not know. Little
do those of today who are enjoying
the prospeiou8 growth of the city
care about its early history, and
there are now only a few who know
the history of the early days. Un
til about 1850 it was known as Wil
liams Landing. Even as early as
1820 or 1821 the flat boats and
keel boats and other craft that could
be guided in the river, made land
ings there and traded with the set
tlers who occupied the near-by hill
country. There were no roads
opened to the river, but the Indian
trails were followed and over them
the purchasers for the produce of
the flat boats came and loaded their
pack horses. Very few white peo
ple occupied the country and tilled
the soil. The white men could not
own any land and would not im
prove the land after the treaty of
Dancing Rabbit Creek. There was
a rush to the land office at Choc
chuma to secure titles to land. Af
ter the organization of Carroll
county in March, 1834, public lands
were laid out and opened up and
the villages that had already been
settlsd began to grow. Carrollton,
Shougals, Black Hawk, Marion, Le
flore Town, Middleton, Duck Hill,
Greenville, and Williams' Landing
all were known as business points.
The first clearing of land done near
Greenwood was superintended by
Pass Williams, a son of the owner
of the landing for Governor Bibb of
Alabama on the border of Swan
Lake, which clearing is now a part
j of R. T. Jones' Mayfield plantation,
| Col. Leflore had settled the Malmai
son place and had taken up lands
along the Big Sand and Pelucia
creeks, and was clearing it up rap
taken up by Hinds, Sharkey, Meek
Skipwith, Hall, Terry and others,
and later, Bowie Markham, Ham
mond, Murdock, Booth, Sharkey,
the Robinsons, Prince, Gay den,
Fisher, Poindexter and others open
ed lands along and near the Yazoo
River. In laying off lots for a town
at the landing a contest arose be
tween one Howard and one Douglas,
and in the map of the city now the
subdivisions are marked Douglas,
and Howard divisions.
Lands along the valley were
those early days Col. Greenwood
Leflore, who was the largest land
owner in this section, had some dis
agreement with leading business
men of Williams' Landing and de
termined to kill the village if he
could by building a rival town three
miles above at the junction of the
Tallahatchie and Yallobusha rivers.
He spent much time and money in
building a road from the hills to
Point Leflore, and for a few years a
good business was done there.
Traces of the work done under his
direction are plainly visible along
that public highway which now
leads to Greenwood from the hills.
While Col. Leflore was working so
dilligently on his road to Point Le
flore, the business men of Green
wood organized a road company and
built a plank road four miles long
from this town on the Carrollton
road. A toll gate was established
where J. T. Flanagan now lives and
although tolls were charged the
trade of Greenwood increased, and
it became the most important trad
ing point above Yazoo City, which
place was known for many years as
Manchester. Marion, which after
wards became Sidon, was a right
important business point. Of the
men who did business at Marion or
SidoD, I do not now recall any who
are living except Captain Edwin
Crippans. For several years he op
erated the most extensive saw mill
that was above Vicksburg, on the
river. Capt. Crippans was then an
active young man and is yet hale
and hearty though more than four
score years of age. Some of the
business firms who did business
there were Hunley & Stanley, El
liott & Dement, Crippen & Carpen
ter, Hirsh, who at different times
operated successful business there.
Alfred and Jerry Robinson, two
brothers, had large tracts of land
around and adjoining the village.
Three miles below the city of Green
wood one Beck owned and operated
a ferry on the river. After Wil
liams, the pioneer owner, came Jack
Moore, W. P. Green, Howard,
Douglas, Hirsh, Gereon Ettinger,
Lott East, Dick McCormick and
Wm. Ray.
your citizens know that the veteran
merchant and business man, Capt.
Ray, of Carrollton, began his care»
in business at Greenwood. Such is
j a fact, and he often spoke of his
: periences while there. 8abin &
Crawford did a large business, too,
t until broken up by the yellow fever
I dare say very few of
epidemic in the fifty's. Säbin was
the grandfather of the young cotton
buyers who is there this season.
Robert Nea! was another of the old
business men. In 1880 Dr. Joseph
P. Henry, a young man fresh from i
a medical college, came to Green
wood and began the practice of his
profession About the same time
A. A, Stoddard and W. A. Giliesph .
two young men active and di ligent
and sober, came from Pennsylvania.
These three spent their lives here
and did much in developing the re
sources of the country. Allen Mc
Caskili, Henry Matthews, Henry
Sisloff, Dr. E R McLean, Nat and
Hardin Scaler, W. A. Strong and
others bought good property around
the town and contributed much
towards its improvement. The
planters lived upon their lands and
were noted for their unbounded
hospitality. Along the rivers were
comfortable homes owned by cul
tivated splendid people. Many men
secured and cultivated lands who
did not bring their families to the
swamp. Blewett, Harrison, Barry
and others, of Columbus, Purnell,
Hawkins, Cothran, Neill, Minter,
Shugog, Evans, John D. Mi Lemore,
Bob Williams, John and George
McLean and Mary and others whose
homes were at different points in
the hills. Of professional meD, Dr.
Kinnon, Dr. Lucas, Dr. Barron, Dr.
Stewart, Dr. Hicks, Dr. Fisher, Dr.
Henderson, Dr. Poindexter, were
noted. All that portion of Leflore
county lying east of the river be
longed to Carroll county and the
lawyers had offices at Carrollton,
and they too were of that high-class
of citizenship that distinguished the
people of the county. The war
brought many places that were un
known beyond the districts in which
they were located into prominence.
During the spring of 1863 Green
wood for a time attracted and com
manded the attention of our leaders
The traces of Fort Pemberton if
studied closely, show that much im
portance was attached to the strat
egic strength of its work aud out
lying works.
In a previous communication I
gave an account of the movement of
Federal forces this way and its fail
ure. Fort Pemberton was the iu
seperable barrier that prevented suc
cess along this line. The Confed
erate .troops occupied the highlands
in and near Greenwood, for the
country was covered by water which
came through the Yazoo Pass, and
with the water from the hills inun
dated almost the entire area. Very
few of the citizens of today know
anything about the occupation of
Greenwood by the Confederate sol
diers. A few who were children
live here yet. After the war the old
town scarcely held its own until
about 1888 when the railroads be
gan operating this way. Then new
life was infused. The dry bones
began to shake and from the long
sleep the magic city awoke, and its
old friends rejoicing in its growth
and importance cannot recognize the
quiet old town No longer can
any pessimist doubt the future of
the city. The great question now
is how great w ill be the growth of
the city. That depends upon its
Carrollton, Miss.
Sensible Methods WIR Cure It. S. L.
Raines Guarantees Hyomei to
Cure Catarrh.
Catarrh can never be cared by taking
medicines into the stomach nor by
sprays, atomizers or douches.
Intelligent physicians have long ago
discarded such ideas and not one of
them would be worth consideration
were it not for the fact that unscrup
ulous persons prey upon the ignorance
of the people in regard to new discov
Catarrh is caused bv germs and just
as long as these germs Thrive in the
folds, crevices, nooks and corners of the
mucous membrane that line the none,
throat and chest, just so long will you
have catarrh.
There is only one way to cure ca
tarrh, and that is to kill the germs.
There is only one remedy that will
kill the germs when it gets where the
germs are, and that is Hvoraei.
Hyomei is made chiefly from Austral
ian eucalyptus and eucalyptcl
bined with other germ killing anti
septics. Just breathe it in through the
hard ruboer inhaler that comes with
each outfit and relief is immediate.
Used regularly for a few weeks Hyomei
(pronounced High-o-me) will
chronic catarrh. Complete outfit f 1.00
at 8. L. Raines and leading druggists
Cutes Indigestion
It relieves stomach misery, soar stem
aeh, belching, and cures all stomach dia
ot money back. lauere box of tab
00 crate. Druggists in ail town* !
A gnat deal is being written in
this day and time on the decline in
the literary and artistic tone of the
plais that <ire being put on the
f't.-ige To the Some extent there, is
a strong downward movement iu
their morality. It would be proper
m considering this matter to go
b-tck to the novels that ar* being
turned out iu an avalanche from
the press, because the plays that are
put on the stage today are merely
dramatizations of the stories that
make up the output of modern fic
In w hat is called literary fiction
there hv.s been a great change iu
recent years iu what is necessary to
please the popular taste. The peo
ple who were once guided by the
critics, have come to judge for
themselves, and while the stories
that are praised the most by those
who profess to apply the tastes of
literary standard only sell to the
numbers of a few thousands each,
those which are regarded as the
baldest sort of trash run into the
hundred thousands issues, and nat
urally the writer of real literature
must be more or less mortified to
find that so few persons care for his
books in comparison with the rank
stuff that is pleasing possibly mil
lions of readers and is filling the
pockets of the panderers to popular
Some years ago the stage favor
ites were plays in which there was
a great deal of wild and daring ad
venture and a great deal of wrong
doing but the doers of evil were al
ways brought to justice, or even
more summary retribution,
the appetite for poetic justice is b<*
ing dulled, and today there is more
sympathy with a clever and good
looking criminal than with the in
nocents whom he has wronged, and
no stage story is reject id because of
any strong flavor of immorality it
may have.
It is natural that the blame of
the decline in the character of the
drama be loaded on the manager,
but it is doubtful if all the blame
can be charged to him. He is only
the creature that Goethe portrayed
in his Preface to Faust. He is more
or less governed by the box office
receipts, and when a play pays that
is a sign that it meets the popular
demand. It would be foolish to at
tempt to force plays on the people
when they will not go to see them.
A writer, who deplores the de
parture of the old stock company
popularity, declares that even when
there was no long runs there was a
good all around average. Actors
were content to remain with the
same company. The result was
consistency, harmony and satisfac
tion to all concerned. One cannot
fail to note one phenomenon result
ing from this overwhelming selfish
ness of the manager, whose greed
exceeds that of any known animal;
people are rapidly losing all interest
in the really intellectual dramas and
are cultivating a taste for vaude
ville and the music hall The only
hopeful sign he sees in the modern
management of the theatre is that
ihe competition among dramatic au
thors is so keen that a higher quality
of humor and comedy is slowly be
coming apparent. There would a so
seem to be a strong reaction on the
part of educated people against the
poor stuff thrown at them across t he
f>otlight8, so that the unedu'-aied
may be dazzled by sensation and
elaborate staging, all of which sig
nifies nothing in point of instruct
ive ness. And as the thinking por
tion of human society makes t he
theatre a profitable possibility, it
seems likely that the manager may
amend his method, be more ai tru
istic, when his best clients begin to
fa 1 off. 7
No such reaction has yet started
The public appetite for trash hus
not yet been api>eased. Crime and
depravity seem to be taking hoid of
every class of society, and it has
been said there is little difference
between the slums and tne gilded
circles and iu the manner which the
vice is served.
There wi!i be no reform on the
stage until it comes from the peo
I have one black oow with the right
ear cropped off, white under belly, and
forefeet white; one little blaek year
ling, brown back, one white spot on
left side, quirl in oeoter of head, fore
feet white. Call R. L. MILLER at the
City Hall.
Greenwood now has
_ _
pCft Accountant. PhOM OT
CaM Of! OtAS. F. lOtiNSON.
I Provisions, Grain , Hay, Flour , Meal, Bagging A lies !
. Office: Opposite Y. A M. V. Depot.
Gatehouses: On Southern and Y. A M. V. Tracks, j

* 4> «$
I Bank of LeFlore j
9100 ooo.
- 923,000.
A. F. Gardner, A. Davidson, Robert Wilson, 8. L. Brister, B. L. Young, J*
W T Johnson, C L Lomax, J Kantrovit*,8 C Lenoir, A Weller, W T Fountain ]

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i-l - fl H | . | HH

—S ■*'
■ M - I - I - l - i - l - l - M - M -fr
< ►
Y. T. EGGLESTON, Manager. \ \
T. H. DENNIS, 8eey A Treaa. \ \
A. G. McLEMORE, Pres.
R. W. BAIRD, Vice-Prea.

Plantes Supply Co.

Prompt Attention Given Orders and Satisfaction I
Guaranteed. \ *
Red Feat her Coal I:
$5.00 Per Ton .
< •

$3.50 Per Ton .
Iron, Brass and General Castings
I Brake Down Castings a Specially.
— ï —T'^ , '~~m~^riirirrrrrrinrttir)iTiniTrwTintniTir^
A Piano of Known Value.
Nearly fifty thousand American citizens have BC8H A GERTS
pianos in their homes and furnish unsolicited endorsement of
" the tonal virtues and enduring qualities of these excellent in
We know these instruments are good and we unreservedly guar
antee them. They cost very little more than ordinary pianos and
can be purchased ou easy monthly, quartly or yearly payments.
E. E. Forbes Piano Company
C. J. ROBERTS. Manager

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