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SiMiesi^T'M hi.80 ees Yea*in Acvamcc Cong Distance Comb Phone No. W. OOeiai Paper of Leflore County and ot the City of Greenwood. Subscribers not receiving their pape: promptly will please notify tbe office. Changes in address should be reporter promptly. ANNOUNCEMENTS Fourth Judicial District: District Attorney T. E. MORTIMER. FRANK EVERETT For Sheriff: T. C. GARROTT W. O. TAYLOR For Chancery Clerk: C. W. CROCKETT ROY BKW For County Attorney: GORDON GILLESPIE For Treasurer : JOHN H. PETTY CHAS. .V WILLIFORD For Assessor : HARRIS GRAY For Constable, Beat 3. TOM F. PACE. SAM V. ATT LESE Y. THE NOMINEES. For Representative Leflore County; JUDGE D. P. MONTGOMERY. For Superintendent of Education: J. R. HUGHES Circuit Clerk, BARNES HUMPHREYS For Justice of Peace, Beat 3, at Greenwood. W. C. JOHNSTON H. W. COOLEY. For Supervisor, Beat 2 M. S. WILSON. For Supervisor, Beat One, H. L. WALTON. Supervisor, Beat Five, ERNEST CLARK For Supervisor, Beat 3, S. F. JONES. For Supervisor. Beat 4. J. L. HALEY. Jastiea of Peace Beat One, (at Minter City.) JAR. J. RIMS, W. W. HARVEY. Justice of Peace, Beat Five, (at Bidon.) R. W. HATCH. Justice of Peac**, Beat Four (at Itta Bena.) R. F. LOVE. J. G. COLLIER. Justice of Peace, Beat Two, (at Rchlater) W. E. ETHRIDGE. For Justice of the Peace, Beat 4. (at Quito.) O. R. JAMES. Justice of Peace Beat 5, (at Swift.) W. B. POSEY. Greenwood. Miss., Friday, Aug. Il, 1911 A CARD gF THANKS. To My Leflore County Friends : 1 want to sincerely thank each of you for the magnificent sup port given me for State Land Commissioner at the August 1st primary election. A majority of 456 is, I believe, the largest vote any candidate has ever been given to this county within the pa t twenty years, and I assure you this compliment is more high ly appreciated than even an elec tion throughout the st te would have been. After January the 1st next, I will give my undivid- d time and ;attention to the publication of The Commonwealth, and hope to ren der y f u more satisfactory service in that capacity than I have ever been able to do in the past - Andin »his connection I wish to say that I shall be delighted to pet back home' again. Green wood has the best people in the world, and to live and be among them is really more grati ying than to hold any poli deal office. Again thanking each of you for tiie cordial manner in which you have a ways stood by me, I am Sincerely, yours, JAMES L. GILLESPIE, B this second primary is o* in-: vest to every citizen of Leflore H tnty. . Put in a full vote on the 22nd |£v»ry man should goto th- polls 'Æ EIGHTH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS. COTTON The International Co't'm Congress which was held in Barcelon, Spain, M i>' 8 to 11, 1911, was a represent iiive trathering of cotton manu facturera from all parts of the world. More than 250 delegates were present, rip resenting every country iu which tne cotton industry is carried on, with the exception of Japan and Russia. Papers were read and discussed which related to the subject of cot t >n manufacturing in all its stages nnd the problem confronting the industry today. Among these sub j j cts may be mentioned the ex pansion of the present cotton fields md tiie opening up of new ones in my part of tbe world where this •an l>e done with success to meet ever-increasing req urements; the tnoie scientific cultivation of the raw materia'; improvements in the ginning, baling, warehousing, and transporting of cottou, espt daily American cotton, by which 1 irge savings can be effected; the inter national standardiz ition of grades of cotton, and reforms in the market, mg of samt; pians for the applies tiou of world wide short-time run ning, to deal with the over-prod uc j lion of cotton goods and ihe conse ■ quent universal depression in the industry and trade; mill fire insur ance problem!-; the drafting of a uniform contract for the purchase and sale of yarns and cloth; aDd the establishment of a table of percent ages of moisture to apply to, cotton yarns. Raw Cotton Fire Insurance. Among the matters discussed at the congress the subject of the handling of raw cotton should be of peculiar interest to the United States. For several years this or ganization has been endeavoring to secure the adoption of a uniform system of buying cotton on a net weight contract as opposed to the present method in vogue iu Europe (c. i. f. and 6 per cent). It is con tended that under the latter system it is to the interest of the ginner to add additional canvas in order to make the weight of the tare equal to G per cent., whereas the purchase of cotton on the net weight contract would encourage the use of less sauvas and the packing oi a small ;er, n ore compact bale. A spçptal committee was appointed to draw j up a form of contract that wovld be j equitable both to the growers and to the spinners of cotton and to confer with the representatives of the cottou exchanges of Liverpool, Bremen and Havre. The net-weight method of buying cotton was recom mended and the manufacturers were urged to buy at least a part of their supply of raw material on this basis and to do everything in their power to induce the American planters to adapt this system. In this connection the British, German and French manufacturers' rions were urged to confer with the respective cotton exchanges Liverpool, Bremen and Havre re garding tbe rules aud regulations for buying cotton, in which they have no voice at present. The countries affiliated with the international fed eraifim were urged tu encourage the formation of mutual fire insurance companies in order to facilitate the establishment of an inlernati mal mutual tion for the insurance of cottou mills against fite. ■ associa at | assocm Yarn Contracts. Ia order to secure the adoption of a universal contract for the sale of yarn with a uniform condition r-gards monture the internatioua* as com mitte** was authoriz d to make a careful study of the laws of natural ibsorption in the various numbers of yarn au i severs' cia-s:s of cotton ami to appoint scientists to conduct experiments, if necessary. T ie congiess also expressed its satisfaction with the constant efforts being made to increase the ar- a and cultivation of cou m and the aid giv en t > the movement hy the several governments. Inrii i was recom n e uled as the couutry which offers Gi- best opportunity for increasing ■ he quantity of its production and f >r improving the qp ility of the staple jjiown there, *nd the dele gates from that country were urged te lend their best efforts to tbe ac 1 complishm»*iit of these results. It was found that the rules of ar bitration ad pled at the Brussel is congress in 1910, to govern the sale of y«rn aud cloth, conflicted with the laws of several countries in a f**w minor points, and the interns tionnl committee was empowered to make the necessary changes ** mnui as possible in order that the rufia J ÈL-m? s may be put into practice. Owing to the depression in the cetton industry the delegates were urgently n quested to take up seri ously in their several associations the question of short time in order to curtail t! e production of cloth and relieve the very critical Situa tion. The action on this subject was therefore advisory was passed. There will be no meeting of the congress next year, but it *i ! l be called together attain in 1913 in Amsterdam or The Hague, Nether lands, at the discretion of the inter national commit,te. To take the j place of the congress a tour of in spection in E ypt will be taken in 1912 Ralph M O feliin B y Commerical Agent The senatorial, lieutenant-gov er or ar.d all the state offices, save the railroad commissioner ship in this district, have all been settled, and there remain only five < ffices to be filled in the county. The sheriff, chancery clerk, county attorney, treasurer, and constable are to be elected. Vote for the best men and fit's continue to get along harmoniously in this grand old county, regardless of who wins. The magnanimous withdrawal of Hon. Lee Arterbury from the second race for County Tax As sessor left the nomination for that office to Mr. Harris Gray, who was the leading candidate for the position. Mr. Gray is thoroughly qualified for the faith ful performance of the duties of the office, and h s friends con gratulate him upon his victorious election. Cotton bol s are beginning to open in spots throughout the county, which indicates that in a few weeks it will be general. We should cut out politics, get down to business, and maké this the most successful t-eason Green wood and Leflore county has ever enjoyed. The many friends of Hon. J. B. Humphreys are rejoiced at his re-election to the office of Circuit Clerk of Leflore county. He has made a very capable and faithful officer, and appreciates the con tinued suppbrt and ' confidence of the people. The boll weevil has appeared in some spots in the lower end of Beat Five, but no serious damage has yet been reported. Thtre is a little alarm in that section, but it is to be hoped that the pest wi 1 be handled in a manner to prevent its i-Dread. Let's cut out the "I-told-you-so and the hurrahs after the 22nd, and get down to business and make this a better city andcôun'y. ff The Federal postof ice building has been begun, but we still fail to hear any noise of an opera house orfa strong county fair association. FOR COTTON WORM. In a circular letter sent out by the A. & M. College at Starkville Entomologist R W. Harned of that institution says he has received specimens of cotton worms from Leflore and other counties of the state, and while he predicts that the pest may soon be destroyed by its own parasites, he recommends that powdered arsenate of lead be used in its extermination. Here is his idea of the most effective way of ap plying the powder: "The poison is distributed by a man riding on a mule carrying pole with the sacks attached at each end. The central part of the pole rest on the saddle and the sacks of poison hang over the rows of cotton. Tiie mule is ridden in a trot down the rows and the motion the powdered poison to be shaken out and evenly distributed over the plants. The amount of powered arse nate of iPad to be used to the acre depends upon the siz-: of the a caus* s plants aud the "are with which the work is done. From two to three Pounds wifi probably be found to be most satisfactory, although from l 1 1 2 to 4 pounds per acre may be used, depending upon conditions*' jtir. Iitrned suggests arsenate of iead because he a*va it t, QD h««n 1 because, be says, it has been found less injurious to the plant ^ jp -* TiC TninrT. lfet the iDOMÉ iog o rite 4 earn, for a may 1 hi in f»*l of what we fidiy, when we ■4 SO Wt [»plying ourselves hod a rugal way to sating of l'ni^ph It> the we net er r We shook ; yh«*n we coafd ■>:» • of spending too late that If# started to save wm y fi* a good friend to a man, especially if he is working 011 salary batKfcj/fu- he can never tell v-fcen the j Wolf of want wifi growl at i he Ik , is-hold door. We know or very few men of fixed i licornes w 1 0 not live up to the limit o? thêf jr salary, whatever it may happen Irl be. A man who this year has »j. ^îary of $2.000 uses it all, sayudg and thinking to himself the v.f. aile how he could money i£ he was only paid save $3,000 or $4J)0O instead, # but when it goes to the higher scale, it also is spen». Hie same ease and he wonders^ how he ever Jived on half the rruount. It seems to make no difference how much he receive?. The style and cost of living expand immediately so as to absorb al! that he earns. Those who have no fixed incomes and are engaged in trade adopt the style of the prosperous men around them and strain every effort to bring up their weenie so that they may me< t the riquirement of that style. One automobile company alone, i" Memphis, is said to hold $47,C00 in promissory notes. It is so easy to mortgage the home, to give a secured note for the purchase of an auto So many who cannot afford to own one of these expensive machines will face want in the end. Every family instead of endeavor ing to see how small they can make their expenses seems to be deavoring to see how large they can make them, or how large their in come wifi permit them to be. We say every family, but this is true, for there are many frugal and thrifty men and women in this world who live a en nut literally according to their means and put something aside for the rainy day. se to save some feat's income and The fixed pur ibinssoufcqg* to graduate expenses so something cap be saved, the policy of rigid s#lf denial for tne purpose of ac. cumulating property, even though it is slowly acquired, will bring its reward in the end, This spirit of saving does not seem to exist in Memphis. It should be practiced by all. The children should be taught the vir tue of saving, not the pleasure of spending. When the bread winner is dis abled or dies his family drops into abject and utterly helpless poverty, in a day, if he has failed to put aside the nest egg. Their life is embittered after the bread winmr ceases to fill the larder, simply because no self-denial had been practiced while t^ie worker lived was able to work. The man of sifiall or modest in come sees about him many who are rich and who are not obliged to think of every pennny they spend. He legards himself as their social equal and wondefs why it should be necessary for him to be so pinched in his spendings. Hi does not consider how much the wealth or which excites his envy has cost. He may be sure that Somewhere at the foundation of all tihe wealth he there was once a min who practiced r'gid economy, ri£id se f-denial and studiously lived wirhin his income and saved moaet, although his salary was small. All fortunes have thei 1- founda tions laid in economv. sets Tue man who holds the m^nev todav may have inherited it ihrougii the ac cident of birt h, b it it cost his father or his grandfather lifetime, of toil, ec déniai. Tnere is no roy-1 road to wealth ears, perhaps a znomy and self any more than ther i is to learning. It costs hard work quiabraenk of °l an y P easures l M ' ** T* may 3 weailh if the - v are ^doths they must not ^ of timr when their day J " dver8 ^ <*>"<% They ought to faavH the RTace Jo make them } . as litt* f a nusiance as I k " f * nusiance as f R«4 and the re:in On« New 4-Roon jp 'bool }a g pofk BlSMforwoata BRBURY i : r_;; 0% AnOMiaanc« in Relation fe thn Ia iUMe of Binds for tin th« Rreetioa of a Pi Itailding for the hue oT the White Children of the City of Greenwood. Whereas the Mayor and Board of Aldermen of the said City of Green wood, Mississippi, desire to issue bonds of the said city of Greenwood to the amount of forty thouaand dollars for the purpose of the erectiou of a publie school building Tor the use of the white children of Greenwood; whereas it ap pears that the said Board did publish the notice of the proposal to issue said bouda in the Greenwood Commonwealth, s newspaper published iu the City of Greenwood, for three weeks next pre ceding the lirit day of August, ILL; sod wuereas it appears that within the time aforesaid twenty per cent, of the adult tax payers of the said city did not petition against issuance of said bonds; and whereas it appears from the assessment rolls of said city of Green wood that the said forty thousand do' iars of b.»uds proposed to be issued when added to all outstanding bonds of said city of Green wood does not ex ceed in amount seven per cent, of the assessed value of tho taxable property of the city of Greenwood. Now there fore be ordained by the Mayor and Board of Aldermen of the city of Green wood, Mississippi: 1st. That forty thousand dollars of the bonds of the City of Greenwood be issued for the purpose of the erection of a public sctiool building for the white children of the city of Green wood, which bonds shall be issued in the sums of live hundred dollars each and shall mature on the 1st day of Nov. 1931. 2nd. Said bonds shall be datée 1st day of November, 1911, and bear inter est at the rate of 6% per annum from date, said interest shall be paid upon the 1st day of Nov. annually. 3rd. Said bonds shall be lithographed and signed by the Mayor and couutei signed by the Clerk of the City ot Greenwood, whj shall impress the municipal seal on each bond, and inter est coupons shall be attached to each of said bonds, e ich suail have the lithograph signature of the Mayor and Clerk, and each lithograph signature shall be in all respect as binding upon the City of Greenwood as the original signatures of the Mayor and Clerk ot said City would be. 4tb. Bach bond shall specify upon its face the purpose for which it is issued and each bond shall be made payable to the parties to whom said bonds shall be sold, followed by the words "or bearer." Approved this tho 3rd day August, 1911. one ot c School G. L. RAY, Mayor. Attest: R. H. HICKS, Clerk. The foregoing ordinance was first reduced to writting and read and con sidered by «actions at an adjourned regular meeting of said Mayor and Board of Aldermen, and the vote on its final passage was taken by a yea and nay vote, Aldermen Nichols, Sttphei, Shute, Hosmer and Yonng voting yea. for Sale. A modern home on Dewey street 3 flocks from school. The 1 jagest bar gain in the city. Look quick. LEE ARTERBURY. Very Serious It is a very serious matter to ask for one medicine and have tbe wrong one given you. For this reason we urge you in buying to be careful to get the genuine— Black-draught Liver Medicine The reputation of this old, relia ble medicine, for constipation, in digestion and liver trouble, is firm ly established. It does not imitate other medicines. It is better than others, or it would not be the fa vorite liver powder, with a larger sale t h a n all others combined. SOLD IN TOWN F* S3 WÜTHÜSSüSSi POLIS i*l i Bring* back the itre on gitnoi, floor* and enameled surfaces. Contains n*acM Not a varnish. Applied with e cloth. No wait ing to drjr. When doeting moisten cloth, with MONARCH, rooms M0MKCH rdw POLISH £ O' * » a V. at Keeps holei at A f."!/e Pis; ? 9 2 Used in thousands of howtos, third of a century \ 2S CENTS AT DEALERS Wal size ay mäh 6 CENTS - ï IS STAMPS I i. £ a -wi t A Bajrc Bros î Cc . - . ACTCS Ot Land for bale, »Bout two and a half miles f Schlatstr w»lf «it.uatori PriCe ^ ' OW - Ad - » fricz :r ct: s 9 * ?» BAIRD BKOraA CO. » e 45!fA L AS # . Ohio. MAKCJtS OP MfSASCN ■ • MAt wm OM.. ft m * LAND FOR SALE. MEANS JOHNSTON. scMatcr, Miss. ♦ <IM4 1 P » im GROCERY GO.! WHOLESALE GROCERS. 8 • ! > X OUR SPECIALTIES: Provisions, Grain, Hay, Flour, Meal, Bagging ét lies | Office: Opposite K ét M. V. Depot Warehouses: On Southern and Y. ét M . V. Tracks * 1 GREENWOOD. MISS. > Ï ♦ ► * Ï \r W. R. HUMPHREY, Pres. W. T. LOGGING, Cat. liier M. M. BA ROWELL, V Pres. P. w. PARSONS, Asst Cashier ► t * DELTA BANK • • • ■ Capital and Surplus, $260,000.00 STATE DEPOSITORY ; lH -t -t - < ri»i 11 1 1 1 r - n - i-i - K - i - r - M-t - i i m - mmi > i - i - i - i - t - i i i m i . h h f A. F. GARDNER, President. W. T. JOHNSON, V ice-President. a. l. ray, ; ; Cashier <> Bank of LeFlore il X GREENWOOD, MISS. $100 000 . $30.000. ALL EMPLOYEES Of THIS BANK ARE BONDED CAPITAL SURPLUS • ••• STATB OF MISSISSIPPI DEPOSITORY. ] | YAZOO-M1SSISSIPPI DELTA LEVEE BOARD DEPOSITORY. ! ► . DIRECTORS : A. F. Gardner, A. Davidson, H. L. Walton. S. L. Brister. B. L. Young, W T Johnson, W A Swift, J Kantrovitz, S Lenoir, A Weiler, W T Fountain Harry Reiman and Robert Herman. • WW WW WWWW C. E. WRIGHT ICE & COAL CO t Greenwood, 'PHONE 45 Mississippi New sanitary plant. Expert Foreman. SHIP TO ALL POINTS We are prepared to ship Ice Cream in any quantity over one gallon to any point out of tbe city for picnics, church parties or social gather ings of any kind as well as to the dealer. CITY DELIVERIES Deliveries to any part of the city promptly made, but all ordors to be delivered ou Sunday must reach us before 10:30 Sunday morning. We do not deliver less than one-half gallon, though we will sell you as small a quantity as one quart at our plant. WE MAKE OUR OWN ICE » Therefore, we do not stint when it comes to icing and packing. ICE CREAM FREEZER Our freezer freezes Ice Cream by Brine Circulation and is a great js improvement over the old Btyle as it does the work more quickly and y freezes the cream more evenly. * PASTEURIZE ALL RAW MATERIAL j All of our raw material is treated by this process rendering it AB- t SOLUTELY PURE and free froip all coutamiaatjng germs. YOU ARE CORDIALLY INYJTKD TQ CALL AND INSPECT OUR PLANT j f MR. PLANTER ❖ DO YOU KNOW That the richest soil you own is the low wet land that is almost worthless to you, some of it, even an expense, in that you try to culti vate year after year and your labor is lost? ❖ DO YOU KNOW That this low wet soil only needs to be drained and it will be made as fertile as virgin soil and will \ r >duce your best crops? Our hard burnt clay is draining water off hundreds of farms in the delta today, and it can drain it off yours. file Drainage is not an Expense; Its an Investment, A Good Investment Why not look into the question NOW and let tell you about it? ❖ us f Minter City Tile Gompany f t . . 0,1 Y - & M. Y. R. R,, Southern R. R. aud Tails natcuie River. DO IT NOW DO IT NOW INSLRE YOUR PROPERTY WITH VU. M. Peteet Fire and Tornado INSURANCE Your business solicited and will be very prompt * iy and carefully attended to. Established and reliable lines represented. _ ,,, . „ JThe Commonwealth, $1.50 a Year.