■fp x ~\ FARM
yfry îmùcm (fät
G joom your cows.
The Hilo is a time saver.
Attend to the horse's feet.
Grow strawberries for home use.
Let the young calves have plenty of
\W cannot longer raise paying ap
ple crops unless we spray.
Seed grain of all kinds is scarce
and high priced again this spring.
The cleanly dairyman keep the dirt
out of the milk rather than strains it
Whale oil soap may be used to de
stroy lice, scale, insects and mealy
Clover and grass seed always do
best when they can be started to early
Profitable beef production in the fu
that better gains ftust
Tn a gallon of 30 per cent, cream
there are two and one-half pounds of
When butter refuses to "gather" the
cream may be too sour or the temper
ature too low.
Lack of thorough cleansing of the
separator is one cause of flavor in
butter being off.
It is a good plan to give a cow a
bucket, of scalded bran as the first
feed after calving.
The man who said it is all bosh to
?ows was either lazy or crazy.
Get out your curry comb.
The shoe should fit the foot. Don't
let the blacksmith cut bars or frogs
to make the horse's foot fit the shoe.
T'-leld mice been at the young trees?
It the bark Is knawed to the wood the
trees may be saved by bridge gfaft
Satisfactory results were obtained
last year at the Kansas Agricultural
college from the use of Kaffir as si
Potash, as a constituent of fertiliz
ers, exists In a number of forms, but
chiefly as chloride or muriate and as
After starting to shed their hair in
spring cows are very sensitive to sud
den cold snaps. That is when stabling
pays at night.
Clover and grass seed may be
grown and a good stand secured, on
oat ground during the last of April
and the first of May.
Narrow doors In the sheep barns
are a mighty poor thing. Broken
down hips and early dropped lambs
are some of the results.
A colt wants to be kept eating and
growing and exercising, and anything
hut fattening, as long as he has a
time assigned him by nature to grow.
Any kind of fruit tree will die
when planted In ground that Is all
the time saturated with water. The
tile ditch is a necessity in some
Early peas may be followed by cel
ery or cabbage or potatoes, followed
by late beans or corn, thereby get
ting several crops from the
ground each year.
A horse must have feet and legs be
side weight to be any good at heavy
work. Flat bone in the cannons and
large, round feet should be looked for
In picking horses.
Just now Is the time to get the start
of the lice and a good first move is to
thoroughly clean out the hen house
then squirt some kerosene around
Pretty lively over the walls, roosts,
and nest boxes.
Young mares will sometimes refuse
to allow their foals to nurse at first.
The mare may be tied ln the stall and
the colt helped to milk. As soon as It
has sucked each teat the mother will
usually allow It to continue.
It Is a great mistake to breed a
1.600-pound mare to an 1,800-pound
stallion. Sometimes the animals have
the legs of a draft horse and the body
01 a roadster. We have seen these
freaks with heads of a draft horse
and bodies of a light roadster.
In "electing a walking plow turn
uptfde down and examine the frog
the f ist thing you do. The frog is
the foundation of the entire plow, the
BioliL'oard, share and land^de all
being bolted to the frog. Some frogs
ure cast Iron and others are forged.
B should be well made, of ample size
and made to fit.
There are no more profitable anl
tnals on the farm than pigs and
«ho-r.-p, and years of experience and
eh ,, observation have convinced
Mi ) r; . v *bat pigs will do more toward
te'-ing a mortgage or lifting a man
dependence to Independence
than many an acre Bown with wheat
or °ats or corn,
Pigs relish potatoes.
Cut back climbing
Care for the farrowing sow.
Treat the young heifers gently.
Groom your horses well and prevent
The dairyman can raise hog» cheap*
er than any one else.
Old and many young trees are in
tested with the woolly aphis.
Kerosene emulsion will kill plant j
lice more effectively than hellebore.
Keeping the fingernails cut may
save both milk and mortification.
There is a big difference between
a butterfly and a fly in the butter.
Be sure the little pigs have a nice
dry place to stretch out in the warm
Milk fever might often be prevented
by a little attention to the cow before
Remember that your orchard, espe
cially the young trees, needs good
The three important elements of
plant food are nitrogen, phosphorus
Alfalfa is the most wonderful of all
cultivated plants, and the oldest one
known to history.
There is no germ slayer better than
an ounce of carbolic acid added to a
pail of whitewash.
One of the chief advantages of feed
ing live stock on the farm
maintenance of soil fertility.
ît will take good farming to keep
up and increase soil fertility without
purchasing feed grown outside.
Teach the children.to respect the
dragon fly. This friend of ours kills
flies and many other obnoxious in
If dusty hay is fed, sprinkle with
water, and it will save the horse
much annoyance; but better not feed
it at all.
A box of ashes under a clump of
shrubbery will be greatly appreciated
by the hens in warm weather.
It is as Impossible to estimate the
productiveness and value of a cow as
It is to guess the exact number of
bushels of corn a certain field will
The right kind of a farm garden
will keep the family during garden
season with the help of the hens. It
won't take many hens for this help,
A good crop for the orchard would
be cowpeas—wide strips sown between
the rows of trees. This would make
good early hay and is also good for
While sheep will eat grain and any
kind of grass and some kinds of
weeds, they are, after all, dainty
feeders, and the feed must be abso
If you intend to raise sheep for wool
buy rams and ewes that are bred
for wool, and do not make the mis
take of mixing mutton types with
The young pigs often become crook
ed in the legs, if kept on the hard
floor too long, and this means that
the pig. if a good breed, loses much
of its value.
Weighing milk at stated Intervals
not only tells the owner which are
his profitable cows, and which are
robbers, but it stimulates rivalry be
tween the milkers.
Alfalfa grows best on a deep, sandy
loam underlaid by a loose and per
meable subsoil. It will not grow if
there is an excess of water in the
soil. The land must be well drained.
English farmers do not hesitate to
pay as high as $100 for a pure bred
sire ram. Do you Imagine they would
do this if they could get Just as good
results from a scrub at one-tenth the
The high producing dairy cow is an
animal that follows in the wake of
civilization. She never goes ahead.
Conditions must be suitable be
fore she can be of any value to the
If strawberry plants are dried out
when received by express do not water
them, for water on the foliage will
quickly cause the crown to rot. Dip
the roots In tepid water and lay them
In a cool cellar for a few hours.
No matter what analysis may show
regarding tbe goodness of different
feeds, if stock do not take hold of It
with a good appetite it will not do
them much good. What, they like and
what their system craves Is what they
need to put on flesh and make milk.
An old cow is a better Judge of what
Is good for her than the chemist.
Kerosene emulsion is easy to make
Cut up half a pound of soap and boil
In a gallon of water. Add two gallons
of kerosene, while the water Is hot,
but remove tbe kettle from the fire
before doing so. or you may not live
the mixture. Churn briskly
for five minutes. For spraying dilute
this with seven or eight parts of wa
The earliest sweet corn may give
few bites, but bites that will
have to be taken with care.
ear Iy sweet corn Is apt to be destroy
ed by worms. When it comes In silk
the first brood of moths that produce
the worms are flying and they find
place that suits them better to do
than or this early
posit their eggs
MADCÇ IRJ f A DM \ilf\Qii !
IflttlltO 111 Irianfl llUnH
Mules and Geldings Return Only I
Thoir t ahne |
The man who !
The farmer needs more
a good manager will always so plan
his work as to keep the teams busy as I
Greater Returns Obtained by Reason
of Production of Colts—Profit
Depends Greatly Upon
Size and Quality.
rBy tv AT NE DINSMORE.)
It is an economic waste not to
mares In farm work.
employs mules or marketable geld
Ings In his farm operations receives in
return only their labor,
are Idle they are a bill of expense
and return nothing. The team force
which must be kept to handle the
work efficiently in the busy season
cannot be kept busy at all times of
horses in plowing and seeding time,
and in harvest time than be needs
during the cultivating season or dur
ing the late fall and winter. While
A Clydesdale Gelding, One of the Kind That Fetch Such High Prices fc r
the Great Six-Horse Team.
large a proportion of tho time as pos
sible, there are times on every farm
when the teams cannot all be kept
In contrast to geldings and mares,
mares employed for farm work, If in
telligently handled, can do all the
work that Is required and will pro
duce ln addition a considerable num
ber of colts, which rapidly develop
into marketable animals, thereby add
ing to the farm income.
It is true that somewhat more team
force must be kept where mares are
employed to do farm work than where
geldings or mules are kept, but when
the greater returns obtained by reason
of the production of colts are consid
ered, mares are found to be by far the
most profitable for farm work.
It Is generally considered that three
brood mares must be kept to do the
same work that can be done by a
pair of geldings or mules of equal
strength, but the difference In feed
HOW THE DISK DRILL WORKS
Open Broad and Perfectly Formed
Trenches for Seed Which Are Much
Better Than V-Shaped.
The disks open broad and perfectly
formed seed trenches which are much
better than the V-sbaped trench. The
seed having a direct and uninterrupt
ed drop ts scattered evenly over tho
bottom of this wide trench or furrow,
and it is thus given plenty of room ln
which to properly "stool" out. ln welt
made drills tho disk deposits tho seed
ln tho center, which Insures Its reacn-g
lng the bottom or toe of the seed
trenches. There Is no doubt about
the superiority of drilling over hand
sowing of seed. The drill plants at a
uniform depth, covers the seed even
ly, and If the seed Is sound It will all
come up at the same time, giving
every plant an equal chance.
Misy asparagus growers take the
position that any commercial fertili
zer applied early ln the season Is of
little value because there are no
leaves or elaborating organs to utilize
such food. Some scientists, however,
as Dr. E. B. Voorhecs, director of the
New Jersey experiment station, be
lieve that spring applications of ni
trate of soda are valuable. The best
practice In all probability Is to ubc
make the heaviest application Imme
diately after the cutting season.
fertilizer in the spring, but
Culling Means Success.
Culling the flock properly is the
mainspring of success in poultry
cc,t '* »»»he and tfl« value of tbe
icons produced offsets such dlfferenc#
tn feed coat with a considerable bal
ance to spare. The profit depends
upon the size and quality of the colts
produced and the skill of the fanner
ln handling his marcs
Intelligent horsemanship Is
lutely necessary where mares are em
ployed for farm work, ami the lack of
such Intelligent horsemanship Is re
sponsible for the uae ol geldings
mules on a considerable proportion ot
Men who are careless or ignorant
always have so called bad luck
the marcs in foal or handle ihem In
such manner that they lose their col's
before they are carried the full time
Still worse, many men lose the colts
after they have been produced he
cause of Ignorance of the simplest
sanitary precautions ln handling colts
at time of birth and for a short, time
Sound sense in loading and driving
tnares, and Intelligent methods at
foaling time, are the only things need
ed. If you have been losing colts at
birth or shortly afterward take It up
with your station veterinarian. He
will Instruct you In the proper clean
liness of stalls and the care of the
They either fall to get
young foal. Dead colts are proof of a
man's ignoranco or negligence. Rear
ing good stock requires responsible
owners and employes.
It is perfectly clear, however, that
when the work done on a farm by two
geldings Is equally as well done by
three mares at a very slight expense
In the feed cost, and when such extra
feed cost Is offset with a balance of
$100 or $160 to spare, that It Is an
economic waste not to use mares. The
man who has not used inares In his
work is short the $100 or $160 which
the other man has secured through
the Intelligent use of good draft
mares in his farm work.
The man who has not used mares
and produced colts has benefltted no
His farm has produced that
much loss. These colts might as well
have been produced and their sale
would have added to his own wealth
and to that of the community where
Why not try a few ducks or .geese?
Quickly grown bogs are always tbs
Dock tho lambs early before tbs
weather grows warm.
Ducks will do better on ground than
on whole grain. Wet It a little.
Vinegar diluted with warm water Is
good for cleaning stained eggs.
Occasionally throw Into tho pen a
shovelful of earth. Hogs relish It.
Red, white, black or belted, the dif
ferent breeds ot hogs are ail good.
The farmer who rules his animals
by kindness will find It more effective
than a club.
It doesn't take long for a broody
lieu to spoil an egg tor table use. Keep
flogs will always appreciate good
fresh water, and salt and wood ashes
are also a help.
There Is no place where bedding
can be put with such good returns as
ln tha sheep pens.
See that the Incubator is thoroughly
cleaned and disinfected before putting
ln a setting of eggs,
There is no use keeping an account
with no-account hens. Get good ones
and then keep tbe account.
Ash and elm trees can be cut back
until there are no side branches. Thla
same rule applies to peach trees,
You should not only know how
much each cow produces, but how
much It costs to do the producing.
The Ayrshire Is a hardy animal that
has gained greatest renown iu it« na
tive Scotland and In eastern Canada.
Never grab a sheep by the long
wool on the back or side. It tears
tho fleece and makes a dark spot on
A big cattle shortage 1 h reported by
all market centers and the men who
stick to cattle can see bright things
ahead If they can get the pasture.
Alfalfa or clover hay aro great
sheep roughages. It you are without
either be sure that you make arrange
ments to grow some next year.
Oat seedin',' comes In the rush sea
son. and too tJten the oats have not
been cleaned. This accounts for many
a field full ol r.UBlard and other fcul
orjV/LAIm I Ht Au I lb INVALID
i subpu. n.u
, to .. . m In IK ..
j elm,. on Urn a
ol his oil:.--, il
TIMBER LAND TAX
; FEE CHARGED FOR PRIVILEGE OF
HOLDING WOODED LANDS.
Non-Residents Fire First Gun m Fight
go Law—Violation of Fourteenth
Amendment is Charged.
Statif Is Subpoenaed
Jackson.- Tik exited
M.'l- Audi lor Dm,'I .
ct of the
court lu-ic, drawn l>
resenting thr pl.iint itF?
Th.* lii -i
these is stvled A. !.. Kreut/h-r et al. vs.
id l*. S.
«lovai I, t ream
and is a direct attack
chapter 112, stnate hill 4\K,, of the
-, collect a
out of a
fee upon all per.sot
pursuing tin* Imsiiie
holding more ilia
ores of tim
ber In ml in this starte."
1'laiulill's uver that they ai
A. L. Ii reut /lor he.
and ». N.
Day a citi/.e.
lucl the bus
if 1,(00 ae
mcrtu of ",000 feet of
if the n.
'HANGE DIOCESE MEETING,
Bishop Bratton Selects Jackson in Place
ls of iii.s
lim In the va
churl'll, the fit. lie v. Theodore Dlllhlsc
Bratton, bishop ul the Epiceopui diocav
ippi, has fur HUlfieient res
vliallgo Hie place
f the meet
Big for the a
All Saint-' College at, \ ieksburg tu SI,
Andrew's ( Imtleli
noting tit the ct
nil at Natchez,
after -anno spirited and
Liu ii, Biloxi, Gulfport,, Vicksburg and
Jackson, the All Saints' College propose
tlou u as accepted.
cut that by holding the e
cil in the college building all the mem
be together ami tile
tended to more expeditiously.
ild be at
h eon fronting all the i i
Iso the flood ami its coin
the change, and further the
The dates for this
5 and (i, beginning at 8 p.m.
of the 4th, and it is expected to b-- a
most important meeting.
Jackson.—The «täte auditor has com
piled ;t statement showing ,i
ade by the logis
the year« 1012-13
i th those of
the years 1010-11. The total appropria
tions for the ypars 1910-11 amounted tn
1913-13, IT, «44,
911, showing a
Stott of the legislature in appropriations
over the preced tig session of $123,473.70.
This does not, however, take into account
the amount of $1,228,000 which the !.i-1
it tiirizcd (In
', and tot! Ute purpose of
Is now in New York.
Tomato Club Directors Meet.
Jackson, '."liejf inning Mm
directors of th« twclv
be held in Jfk'kmin
tended by two government experts from
Washington who have been invited by
Miss Susie V, Powell, supervisor of
this branch of state agricultural work
under the direction of the state super
intendent of education. Mississippi now
stands second in the
ber» of canning clubs iu the United
30 I here
«exsioti of flic
counties in the
hieb canning and tomato clubs
eeling is to
d will be at
Smallpox at Meridian.
Meridian.—County Health Officer M.
J. L. Hoy« has filed his monthly report,
which shows 11.1 n t. there are
of smallpox in the county. The report
of diphtheria and one
shows two I
case of hookworm treated.
Mothers' Day Observed.
Jackson.—"Mothers' Day" was ob
served here very appropriately. The
wearers of whit» carnations
-I- of the occision were
any and the
spirit of the day spread throughout the
Is Now "Justice Cook."
R.'imucl C. Cook, who stepped from the
position of sell er circuit judge In the
st.it". having hejen judge of Ute Eleventh
distrie! under it least four governors,
into the -uprerue court chair, vacated by
Judge ft". C MilLean.
Mississippi College Wins.
Meridian. It- for an audience thst
Pope of Mississippi College won the
«fate oratorical contest from a number
•ords, S. G.
«*>«• UNION WAREHOUSE
REi'k i h ;
FERENC! Al' JACKSON.
,i:.i Which Has
Will Be K.\
111 tin- il»»o I
It the $*■ !
Iiiirli-- S. Ha
or. of Die Mississippi !
W . I>aid»-, ol the «outil l
.Vor Ut I
t,» ! I Alexander, ot the j
liutt t ii ion, with
. t . Wright,
». Ha I
lent ; Kc\. It. \. N. \\ ilso
ige it. High
•J. L t
Mit, hell, Good;
ver, pres'I-at of the
Od flee is of
I. M. i n
A He wall,
department. T. U.
and W. \Y. Itm i, general
PRÜF. POWLR'5 PLEASED.
Agricultural School Means Much fot
•1 ark -mi. Prof.
of tho 11 um«
|iom, I" establish I
ill high Hi'houl
tv tuv levy
aiigcd that the
will he »
MISSISSIPPI SEEKS LOAN.
Gov. Brewer Goes to New York to Ar
« Acting Gov. Then
if the departure
1 the .laie t In
g of Gov. lire
wry to go
has had si
floating the $(100,080 Ion
elf to Wall street he could
ocessfully arrange Hie tr
in the hands
■ill. Lieut.-Gov. Bilix
ofiieial pnjiern, look after the flood
the pardon pet!*
p in the executive depart
•i»t, he left. I his
verk, not less that*
•nt probably a
SELL PENITENT/ARY COTTON,
Board Gets Good Price for 820 Bales
't the pe
!.. Verger report« as
the hast ret
i«t Important the
t the cotton
ted lot of about 020 hales, mostly
hielt went to Boyce
ii i form pries
pound. The samples
nit. to Vicksburg,
low grade staple,
Co. of New Orleans
considered the best thn
leeting ot the Aberdeen
,'P lifts been postponed
hove, date th"
e will be held at Houston with
of Kansas City, In the
This change, according to» state
was made necessary by the rerent rains
and unfavorable weather conditions that,
it.il duly 10-1«. Outlie
it by Dr. J. JO. C
have prevailed throughout that territory
which would not, under the circumstances
guarantee the best attemlai
Tomato Club Prize List.
Jackson.—Miss Susie V. Powell of the
school improvement work, has be
quested by the management ot the Mis
sissippi Stale Fair to revi
mium list for the contest of the Girls'
Tomato Clubs of the state. The list
will be very muoh larger than it
d about three times
number of prizes offered,
u-re only two counties in t In
state competing in the tomato emb
work; this year there will be t
'Inch the work is going for
ward under official superivsion.
Move Diocesan Seat.
Atlanta.—-The »eat of the Catholic dio
cese of Mississippi may he changed from
Natchez to Jack
which ore new
Bishop John F.. G
, according to pb
being considered by
n, of Natchez.
Monroe Votes Bonds.
Aberdeen.—The Fifth District of Mole
roe county has voted for the issuance
of 040,000 good roads bonds. The First
and Fourth Districts had ulreadv voted
on $200,000 each,
$600,000 for good roads in this county.
a king n total of
Wilt Thou be
By Rev. Parley E. Zartma
n I V,- a ,tn«»
had be# n «Ick for 11$
for a long
IO to hav
rirTul put hti
c of the
ins of the
which Jesus asks
for the purpose of
making the man
lng hi« desire,
nfesBlon of need, and assuring him
I the possibility of healing. Thus
convince stmu rs of their
! *w*cd of healing and to teach Chris
1 tlans that theer
their own lives. In I he one case fail
ure of faith prevents healing; in (ho
other, lack of submission prevents
The study of the impotent man is
Interesting from every point of view;
and the place at which the healing oc
curred is significant» Heilu-sdu, mean
ing house of mercy. The waters of tho
pool had certain
still delects Iu
t * ,r
man of the story whs in such
a plight that in* had no friends to put
him Into the pool when the water was
It requires no strength of
the imagination to suppose that; Ids
reply to Jesus not only was full of
pathos, hut also full <rf a great long
lng, for notice the quick response and
the great result: "Jchuh saith unto
p thy bed. and walk.
And Immediately the man was made
whole, and took up his bed and
hint rise, take
The main point of tho story In In v.
2t: "Verily, verily, I any unto you, bo
•«th nit word, mid believe!h
on him that sent me, hath everlnnlln*
life, and shall not come into condem
nation; but Is passed from death unto
life. 1 ' This Is rcully (he gospel In a
sentence, for the supremo purpose of
Jesus was to give life and to heal us
from all Infirmities.
Wo need not describe eternal life;
but It I» desirable, glorious and neees
sury. You cannot tnke a sln slck.
ruined soul out of lids world and In
habit heaven with It In the next. You
cannot. There Is no such thing after
death na a spiritual revolution. God
would have to shut you In. Tho glo
ries of heaven would mean nothing
to you, the songs of heaven would
be torture to you, and heaven Itself
a perpetual torment. Bo, because eter
nal life Is so desirable and Is the free
gift of God, through Jesus Christ our
I-ord, the question Is pertinent, "Wilt
thou be made whole?"
The conditions upon which you are
made whole, of passing from death
unto life, are knowledge, repentance,
belief, obedience. They are so easy
that we make them bard and miss tho
blessing because we do not accept
them in their simplicity. Eternal life
In such a case Is not a gift that we
cannot have but that we will not have.
Last us never forget two outstanding
things about sin: J. It defiles. Sin Is
not manly, and ever since the day
when the devil beguiled Adam and
Eve the trail of the serpent, has
wound 11s way through human naturo
and through human history, leaving
defilement In Db wake. 2. Sin de
stroys. Tills Is an old-fashioned doc
trine but as true as It Is old. In spito
of all that, men may say, or hope, or
do. the wages of sin Is death. There
fore, again the question Is pertinent.
Wilt thou lie made whole?
This old-time story is a parable and
a promise, for Jesus Christ still walls
to be gracious.
Every place of need may be a Be
thesdn, and just where you are Jesus
stands opposite your need saying,
"Wilt thou be made whole?" By ev
ery possible way he Is pleading, "O
Israel, thou has destroyed thyself, but
ln me I» thy help." Thousands of
people of every age and clime have
found relief, healing and salvation Just
as the man at the pool found It that
day by simple trust.
"Wilt thou be made whole?" That
Is the question. How often Jesus ha»
had to say, "Ye will not come unto
me that ye might have life." What a
tragedy when a soul turns away fron«
him and goes out Into darkness, de
spair and death.
Let the story teach us three thtsgs:
The need of prompt response to
Christ.'» words, no thought of failure
in the future, and continuous use of
the strength which Christ gives. "Seek
ye the Lord while ho may be found;
call ye upon him while he is near;
let the wicked forsake his way and
the unrighteous man his thoughts;
and let him return unto the l/jrd and
he will have mercy upon him; and to
our God for he will abundantly par
Hi a t hei
"The Great Physlcla
The sympathizing Jesus."
"Man of Borrows, what a name
For the Son of God who came.
Ruined sinners to reclaim.
Hallelujah! What, a Baylor!"
How to Overcome.
God never lost a battle that was In
trusted completely to him; and he I»
always ready to accept the entire re
sponsibility for tho conduct and the
winning of any fight that ought to be
won. The only reason we ever lose
our battles against temptation Is be
cause we try to win them without giv
ing God quite his own
fights with us. It takes only a hair'»
breadth diversion from God's plan to
turn any victory Into defeat. And It
takes only unconditional surrender to
God to assure us victory before •
struggle Is ever begun
ay as hs
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