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The commonwealth. (Greenwood, Miss.) 1896-1923, September 25, 1914, Image 3

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89065008/1914-09-25/ed-1/seq-3/

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ItS OF GEMMN IIHOGIHES MOT
ft« Chicago Tribune print* a long
dispatch from James
«■»righted
«Donnell Bennett, staff correspondent,
* Aix-la-Chapelle, Germany,
l gated a 1
i rtlch in specific detail disputes and
! «Mies the chargea of cruelties and
I ^ooities lodged against the Germans
I jj Belgium Mr. Bennett, In company
John T. McCutcheon of the Chica
Tribune, Irvin 9. Cobb of the Sat
Evening Post; Roger Lewis of
I p
H%d*y
I Ike Associated Press and Harry Han
| of the Chicago Dally News, trav
I loo miles through 20 towns and
I tkeir observations lead him to the firm
|: eoaviction that the reports of bar
P Ikrlties alleged to have been perpe
I «rated by German troops are falBe
I' .hoods.
I The following dispatch to the Asso
f 'eisted Press, evidently forwarded by
I goger Lewis, is in substantial agree
r nest with Mr. Bennett's story In the
I Chicago Tribune:
P By the Associated Press,
i? New York—An Associated Press'
I ,n,j correspondent of American birth
t sad antecedents, who was sent from
tbs New York office and was caught
la Brussels at the time of the Ger
Invasion, held as a prisoner for
B van
■ several days, and who finally escaped
I |e Holland, has sent by mail the fol
I bwlng story of his experiences:
I "The night before the Germans en
! tired Brussels, when the Belgian civil
I guards and refugees began pouring
I into the city from the direction of
[ Louvain, they brought stories of un
I ' ipeakable German atrocities, maltreat
! taent of old men and children, and the
I violation of women,
f "The Belgian capital reeled with ap
I prehension. Within an hour the gay
I ety, the vivacity, and brilliancy of the
} city went out like a broken arc light.
S The radiance of the cafes was ex
I changed for darkness; whispering
i groups of residents broke up hurried
\ ly and locked themselves into this
I koines, where they put up the shut
! ters and drew in their trl-colored Bel
gian flags.
Fears of Brussels Quieted.
g I "The historic Belgian city went
I through a state of morbid consterna
I tlon. remarkably like that from which
F- it suffered on June 18, 1815, when it
E trembled with the fear of a French, vic
t tory at Waterloo.
f "In less than 24 hours thé Belgian
I citizens were chatting comfortably
I with the German Invaders and the al
I legations ot German brutality and de
f moniacal torture dissolved into one of
the myths which have accompanied all
Wars.
"Neither in Brussels nor in its en
I virons was a single offensive act, so
I far as I know, committed by a German
|; soldier. In a city of over half a mil
t lion people, invaded by a hostile army
t ; of perhaps a quarter of a million sol
| diers, no act sufficiently flagrant to
; demand punishment or to awaken pro
test came to my attention.
1 I None Knows of Outrages,
r "The frightful reports that had pre
■ ceded the German army Into Brussels
Included the disemboweling of old men
and the impaling of children on lances
just outside Louvain. Investigation
not only failed to substantiate theae
rumors, But could not even discover
sny one ln the Immediate vicinity who
credited them.
"An eye witness of unimpeachable
veracity told me that the worst be
havior he had observed during the first
German entry into Louvain (August
19) was that of a German soldier who
leaned from his horse and kissed a
pretty Flemish girl who brought him
* glass of beer.
"I marched for days with the Ger
man columns, often only one day be
hind the fighting, with the houses that
had been burned still smoldering, the
ground freshly broken by shell and
trampled by horses and men, and the
memory of the German advance vivid
la the minds of the inhabitants.
No Proofs of Murder.
"1 interviewed an average of twenty
Persons In each of a dozen towns and
found only one Instance of a noncom
hatant who had been killed without
s justifiable provocation, ln this case
the evidence did not clearly prove that
the man had been wantonly murdered.
"He lived ln one of the typical small
Belgian countryside houses which com
bine the comforts of home with the
lure of a small public bar. Tbls bouse
*as at the north of Merbes-le-Chateau,
« town through which a large part of
the German army passed on the road
to Maubeuge.
"A son of the murdered man, whose
name was Arthur Nlcodem, showed me
blood clots on the floor marking the
plaf< ' where Nlcodem fell, his throat
cut by a «aw-edged German saber.
English Fired From House,
was said by some inhabitants
t *' al tlle "ordered man showed a pair
binoculars; but s more probable
explanation Is that English outposts
had concealed themselves ln the house,
from which they poured a rain of fire
kaiser addresses
TROOPS AT VIRT0N
Rotterdam.—The Cologne Gazette
reports that the German emperor de
Nrered a speech to his troops after
'he battle of Vlrton, near Longwy,
. ®hen he visited his son. Prince Oscar,
*h° Is commandant of the grena
diets.
The kaiser appeared In the evening
with his suite in five automobiles. He
hissed his son and then walked along
a
of
10FFRE HAS CLOSE CALL;
ESCAPES GERMAN AMBUSH
London.—Tha Dally Mall corre
»Pondent In Purls wires:
"Prom n Frenchman who volun
'ssred bis motor oar and la now drlv
J*g It ter officers of the general »Uff,
* h «*r that General Joffre bad a nar
jo* escape some days ago. He waa
»tong driven by BoflUt, a French rac
•»* driver, and the Germans seem to
*"• told an srtUlgry ambush
for him
. - '
upon the first German Invaders. The
Inference that the shooting was done
by Belgian civilians may have in
flamed the Gemau« to reprisals.
In that neighborhood four houses
had been burned and one was still
ablaze as I passed on Wednesday,
Aug. 26.
This town of Merbes-le-Chateau,
which had been the Beene of an unim
portant skirmish between the Ger
mans and English on the previous
Sunday, was riddled with rifle shots.
The small number of windows intact
showed that the Germans had made a
deliberate assault upon the residents
of the town.
themselvai r admltted that all of the
shooting had been done by
paratively small number of Germans,
and that the firing had not been be
gun until English soldiers who had
condealed themselves in the houses
had fired first upon the Germans.
News of Incident Goes Far.
"I have emphasized the one fatality
of the noncombatant because the
news of it traveled up and down the
Sambre and across to Hantes-Wiberia
and Soire-sur-Sambre, multiplying as
it went and developing ghastly and In
human details until it seemed
answerable reproach to the whole
German empire.
"With this one possible exception, I
ditj not encounter in Nivelles, In
Blnche, Bulsslere, or Solre-sur-Sam
bre, or any of the other towns I
visited, a single Incident of mistreat
ment or any sort by German officers
or soldiers.
"Brulsslere—particularly the lower
part of the city—had been virtually
destroyed by a cross fire from. Freue!',
and German artillery. Tops of brew
eries had been hurled bodily to the
ground, and walls had either disap
peared or become grotesquely dis
lodged.
Hut the inhabitants
a com
au un
Burgomaster Denies Report«.
"Into this town 130 French killed
and more than
were brought in a single day. Au
gust Blairiaux, burgomaster, said that
he knew of no cases of German cruel
ties, except distant rumors which he
had learned to discredit. It ought to
be said to Hie credit of the Belgians
that they have not allowed their bit
terness toward the Germans to carry
them into unfair recrimination.
"Robert J Thompson. American
consul at Aachen, visited Liege during
and after the capture of the forts. It
is the opinion of Mr. Thompson that
no outrage was committed by Ger
mans during the several days' fighting
there.
"There are, of course, reported out
rages beyond investigation, either on
account of their vagueness or because
it is impossible to weigh the provoca
tion. It is known, for Instance, that
112 natives were killed in Renouchamp,
not far from Ardennes; German sol
diers say that they were killed be
cause they fired upon them from the
roofs and windows of the houses.
hundred wounded
Differ on Louvain Incident.
"The history of the absolute de
struction of the historic city of Lou
vain with its cathedral and Its univer
sity is by this time well known. The
German version of this Is that the in
habitants, under the direction of the
burgomaster, established themselves
in the church, where they also in
stalled a machine gun. They proceed
ed to greet the Germans with a deadly
fire.
"The Belgians say, on the other
hand, that part of the German army,
mistaking one of their own retiring di
visions for the enemy, opened fire
upon them, whereupon, deluded into
thinking this an assault by Belgian
civilians, the Germans razed the city.
"I have not been able to acquire any
direct evidence In regard to these last
two instances, but the explanation gen
erally credited by disinterested per
is that the Belgians, who had laid
sons
down their arms, according to the bur
gomaster's proclamation on the en
trance of the enemy, took them up
again when it looked as If the Ger
were retreating from the town,
mans
and opened fire from their windows
upon a retiring German train.
Jarotztky Telle Outrage«.
"The most authoritative German de
nial of German offense comes from
Maj. Gen. Tbaddeus von Jarotzsky.
military governor of Brussels, who in
formed me that in numerous cases he
had been received with a pretense of
friendliness by Belgian civilians, who
later fired upon the German soldiers
windows and from between the
ThiB was done, he said,
from
roof tiles,
after a declaration of surrender by the
burgomaster and a proclamation warn
ing the citizens against any show of
resistance.
"In such violations of the rules of
war, the general said, he punished the
offender by burning the houses from
which the shots were fired..
"I can only say that in every case
of reported outrage or reprisal which
the lines greeting the men, who were
quartered in the village. Standing In
middle ot the square, the kaiser
the
"I greet you as your chief. I thank
you. I have often Been your regiment
on parade and now it gives mo par
ticular pleasure to greet you on con
quered land.
"Your regiment fought as I expected
and as your fathers fought in 1871.
The battle of Vlrton will be eternally
Inscribed in letters of gold in the his
tory of the war.
along the road by which they knew he
would have to travel.
"As soon as the car reached the por
tion of the road on which the German
guns were trained shells fell all
around It. One fragment as large a*
a teacup struck the bonnet, but neither
the general nor the driver was in
jured. Boillet dashed on at full speed
and was out of the danger zone be
fore tho Germans could Are again.
Tunis yearly dtttllU 200,000 pounds
of omugn flowers.
was susceptible of investigation I hare
found either that the outrage was a
figment of the Belgian mind or that
it was more than half excused by cir* ■
cumstances.
''The prevalence of the Belgian prao- j
tice of sniping from the houses
perhaps indicated by the warning of
the German officer who acted as guard
for five American correspondents, in
cluding myself, who were being taken
as prisoner* from Beaumont to Aachen
in an army train. We were advised to
lie down on the Poor of the car as the
Belgian snipers would shoot at us from
the houses. But there w'as no firing.
"This, of course, is not a brief for
the German army; it is an account of
German conduct as It appeared to an
impartial observer who had the rather
extraordinary opportunity of traveling
for days with the German columns,
over a distance of more than a hun
dred miles through & dozen important
cities and towns.
"Sometimes I was near enough to
the front to see the white artillery
smoke spurt iuto clouds along the
horizon and hear the double detona
tions which came from artillery at
short range. At other times I trailed
behind through the desolate
which a victorious ar
hind It.
■ M
vaste
leaves be ]
Pay All and Tip Well.
"On the contrary, I witnessed nu
merous cases of the most careful cour
tesy on the part of German soldiers.
In Brussels they not only paid their
cafe bills, but tipped generously.
Along the road, when a German officer
or soldier entered a Belgian house for
food or shelter, It was not with a de
mand but a request. In spite of the
confusion and errors which arose from
a strange tongue there was almost no
friction of any sort.
"The German soldiers were punctil
iously considerate and polite to wom
en and children, apologizing for the
discomfort they were causing. Upon
leaving a house where they have been
given shelter, I have seen them shake
hands with the concierge, peasant
woman, or In some cases with the
gentlewoman of a Belgian villa, as
pleasantly as if they were bidding
. .. . , . . »„1 _j
adieu to their hostess at a week-end
"
house par y
"So many instances of this sort are
at hand that a recital of them would
be te tous.
Naturally inclined to be gruff with
their soldiers, the German officers al- .
ways gave the French prisoners a ;
pleasant word, and treated them with
every consideration Not a single ex- j
ceptlon to this civility toward prison- ;
ers has come to my attention. j
"A French lieutenant and two Eng- !
lieh officers traveled with us in the j
prison train from Beaumont to
Aachen, a halting journey which took
over thirty-six hours. The train was
crowded with German wounded and
French and English prisoners, and
there was nothing to eat or drink,
except a few fragments of rye bread,
hard as a stone, and a little liquid
compound ot chicory, which ln Bel
gium masquerades under the name of
coffee. Since there was not enough
even of this disheartening fare to go
around, German officers went without
food so that the prisoners might be fed.
Aid Owners of 'Cafe.
-
;
"In a little cafe In Beaumont, con
cierge and madame had fled before
the approach of the soldiers and aban
doned their business. Two officers
found them ln hiding, brought them
back, and in a day they had taken in j
money than in any previous
week in their career.
"These incidents could be indefinite
ly prolonged, but they would only of
fer additional support to a point that
I think I have already established—
the universal kindliness of German
soldiers as I have observed them.
"I have seen perhaps half a dozen
of drunkenness In observing
more
j
cases
nearly 1,000,000 soldiers, and these
few were only good-naturedly maud
lin. In Beaumont while I was detained
for 24 hours in the small cafe pre
viously mentioned, with an armed
guard at the door, although specifical
ly told that I was not an ordinary
prisoner, a swaggering petty officer of
sort, lunged toward me and
some
showed me the sharp convincing edge
of his sword, Insisting that I run my
hand across It.
Warned to Avoid Drinking.
"German discipline and German
training Beem to have put into the
German soldier an exemplary behavior
which Is nothin* less than remarkable.
Before I fell asleep on the floor of the
Beaumout cafe, with two German sol
diers' guns slanting almost over me,
I heard the petty officer who was in
charge of us, giving instructions to
the guards, which included the state
ment that any one of us who stirred
outside the door should be shot. Then
he counseled them, almost in a father
ly way to drink only moderately, Btat
lng that if they became drunk he
would recommend'a sentence of 15
years in the penitentiary.
"If the conduct of the German Bol
dler errs at all It is on the side of a
too complète subordination. It Is im
possible for any one who has seen
much of the German system to be
lieve In the tales of deliberate depre ;
dations and unsoldleriy conduct."
"The eastern army has driven three j
Russian corps over the frontier. Two |
Russian corps capitulated on the open
field. Sixty thousand men and two
generals were taken prisoners.
"For all these victories we have to
thank but one—that Is our God, whe
Is ever over us."
"Our comrades In the eastern army
also fought gallantly, also the army of
the crown prince. The fourth army,
under the duke of Wurtemberg, ad
vanced victoriously. Our enemies are
withdrawing in flight.
WAR COSTS ENGLAND
$44.80 EACH 8ECOND
London.—The cost of the war u$
to date has been $11,265,000.000.
The cost to England alone, based
on figures covering 43 days from Au
gust 1, has been $106,500,000.
This Is at the rate of $3,872,093 a
day, $161,337 an hour, $2,689 a ml»
nte and $44.80 a second.
Spain devotes 3,684,720 acrea to
olive growing.
V- ».
, ,
Parts.—An official announcement by
i , , , . . .
Russian headquarters sent by the Pe
trograd correspondent of the Havas
Agfi aa
„ The Ruaslan troops have captured
the fortified positions of Sinlva and
Sam „ or (ln 0ali( . !a) . xhe AuBtrlan
rear has been thrown hack be .
yund the gan river , n tlle reglon ot
, tadymn0 and Mcdyka . The Auatr ians
deBtroyed the brIdg( , K on the San ln
the reg|on of Sandomlr and , iadomyB i.
"The Russian* captured ,'i.OOO pris
onerf) and 22 cannon lhe rpglon of
Memlrov and have uk{ .„ ;! ,ooo cases of
GENERAL SMITH-DORRIEN
Gan. Sir Horse* Bmlth-Dorrlen, who
commands th# Sscsnd corps of tho
British army on th* continent, has
soon much aetlvs servlet, having
fought In th* Zulu war, tho Egyptian
war of 1M2, th* Nil* sxpsdltlon of
1184, tho Sudan sampalgn, the Chltral
rslisf expedition, th* Tlrah campaign,
th* Nil* sxpsdltlon In 1994, and tha
South African war.
RUSSIANS CAPTURE SAMBOR
Prepare For Attack on Przemysl.
Provisioned for Two Years—Black
Sea Fleet Ready.
ammunition."
Rhme.—A report received here from
the Austro-Ratlan frontier says that
300,000 Austrian troops are watching
the Italian border. Trieste lias been
left with a garrison of only 20,000
men.
London—The Austrians, supported
by German re-enforcements, have es
tablished a new line of defense against
which the Russian left wing, com
manded by Gens. Brousslloff and Rusz
sky, Is expected to be hurled ln their
assault on Pryemysl.
That Russia, probably within 60
days, will have 5,000,000 men ln the
field in the east, while a million more
will be ready to fill the gaps caused by
the fighting on the East Prussian and
Austrian frontiers, is the burden of an
other dispatch from Petrograd.
ALLIES FIGHT IN STORMS
Battle Against Germans in Northern
France -Continues— Rheim» Bom
barded with Heavy Gun«.
London.—In tlie midst of heavy
gal«*, the battle between the allied
forces and the Germans in Northern
France continues, apparently with un
abated fury, after six days of fighting.
Seemingly the mo t serious engage
ments have occurred around Rheims,
on the plateau of Garonne and near
Noyon.
The French official statement an
nounces the capture of prisoners near
Craonne, ln what is termed "a rather
serious engagement" with the Twelfth
and Fifteenth German corps. Tlie Ger
mans In this vicinity have carried out
a number of violent attacks, which,
however, are reported to have been
repubed.
The town of Rheims has been under
bombardment for three days, the Ger
mans using their heavy guns from a
distance of three miles, and pouring a
veritable rain of shells on the place,
which Is one of the most historically
Interesting cities in France.
It was from this town that Joan of
Arc expelled the English in 1429. The
famous Cathedral of Notre Dame, dat
ing from tlie thirteenth century, Is re
ported to have been struck by German
shells.
British authorities give out no state
ment as to the progress of the battle,
but have issued a lls,t of officers killed
in action during recent days. The list
contains the names of Capt. R. N. Gren
fell, the polo player; Capt. Lord Guern
sey, eldest son of the earl of Ailesford.
and Col. F. R. F. Boileau of the gen
eral staff, who died later of his
wounds.
Citizens Threatened.
Paris.—During the Germans' stay
In Rheims they took 100 hostages and
Issued a proclamation threatening to
hang the inhabitants if disorders oc
curred. They also exacted a $200,000
war contribution and Prince Albert,
the kaiser's son, left with tlie money.
London —A dispatch to the Evening
News from Venice says that the out
side of the Austrian dreadnaught Viri
bus Unltis was badly damaged In a
fight in the Adriatic, but she escaped
her pursuers. _
London.—Capt. R. N. Grenfell, the
well-known polo player of the Buck
ingham Yeomanry, attached to the
Ninth Lancers, was among the officers
killed in action In France. His name
appears In the list under date of Sept
1«, just Issued by the war office.
London.—The British admiralty
nounces the loss of the submarine A.
E. 7, belonging to the Austrian fleet.
The submarine, which had 35 officers
and men aboard, la supposed to bave
mat with an accident. She was last
seen on the afternoon of Sept. 14, re
turning tram patrol duty,
an
3 BRITISH BOATS
ABOURKIR, HOQUE AND CRE8SV,
SISTER SHIPS. GO TO BOTTOM
IN NORTH SEA.
GERMANS USE SUBMARINES
Vestal Blown in Air—Lota of Lite Is
Heavy, at Each Cruiser Carried
More than Seven Hundred
Men in Crewe.
London.—Three great armored Bril
ish cruisers—the Abourklr, the Hogue
and the Cressy—with hundreds of
dead, and two German submarine
boats, are at the bottom ot the North
Sea, following the first naval engage
ment of real consequence in the war.
Three of the attacking German sub
marines escaped, according to surviv
ors of the cruisers, who were landed
at Ymulden, Holland, but the quick
fire of numerous English guns sent
the other two to the bottom.
The Abourklr was torpedoed first,
and then as her sister cruisers, the
Hogue and the Cressy, approached to
pick up the survivors their hulls were
ripped open by torpedoes shot from
the German submarines, which prob
ably arose udder the war vessels.
Apparently the sea was then riddled
from shots from the quick-firing guns
of the British warships in an effort
to sink the flotilla of submarines
which had stealthily cnept under them.
Any ripple or eddy on the surface of
the sea which might Indicate the loca
lion of a submarine becurne the target
for English steol.
While tlie announcement of tills dis
aster by the official news bureau does
not stato where It occurred. It Is as
sumed that. Ilia Abourklr, the Hogue
and the Cressy were pari of the line
of more than 10» British war vessels
that form a great line bottling the
German fleet in Heligoland Bay, ut file
mouth of the Elbe and the entrance to
the Kiel canal
GERMAN RIGHT HURLED BACK
Western Wing Is Thru*t Back Seven
Mile*—Recklessness Has Almost
Disappeared.—Men Are Tired.
On the Battle Front, by way of
Paris.—Tlie western wing of the Ger
man line lias been thrust hack about
seven miles as a sequel to continuous
fighting day and night.
Botli armies, despite almost super
human fatigues, show tlie utmost de
termination not to yield an inch of
ground without a terrible struggle, but
the fresher troops at the disposal of
the allied commanders have gradually
forced the Germans to recede.
The Turcos are adding daily to their
record of daring achievements In a
costly bayonet encounter they broke
through tlie German lines without fir
ing more than a few shots and recap
tured and brought back four field guns
the French troops had abandoned tlie
previous day. They seemed to dis
dain Hie murderous rifle and machine
gun fire poured Into them, refusing to
listen to the officers who tried to keep
them under cover.
Recklessness displayed at tlie begin
ning of the hostilities, with the result
ant carnage through tlie machine guns,
lias almost disappeared, and every
movement of the attacking and de
fending troops Is carried out with tlie
utmost caution until the moment of
actual contact.
AUSTRIANS ARE IN RETREAT
Whole of Galicia May Be Conquered.
Montenegrin« Now Ten Mils* from
Bomian Capital.
London.—In consequence of a series
of Important victories in Central Ga
licia, the Russian right wing line op
erating against Austria will continue
Its march to Cracow, with the fall of
which the conquest of the whole of Ga
licia will be accomplished.
Besides the defeat of the Austrians
in Galicia and the wondorful progress
of the Servian and Montenegrin armies
is Bosnia and Herzegovina, new men
aces overhanging the dual empl r e, Aus
tria is anxiously watching on the Ital
ian frontier, obliged to keep there con
siderable forces. One hundred and
fifty thousand troops are concentrated
by Austria in Istrla, and about 60,000
troops on other parts of tho Italian
frontier. These forces are too weak
to stop an invasion by Italy If it
should be undertaken.
In regard to EaBt Prussia the Rus
sian advance on Berlin is general.
Throughout Siesta the situation seems
to be In favor of tho Russians, who
are awaiting tho concentration of pow
erful reserves which are crossing Rus
sian Poland.
Kaieer Reported in Luxemburg.
London.—The German ernpenfr has
taken up his quarters In Luxemburg,
according to a l'aris dispatch to the
Exchange Telegraph company. Thou
sands of troops are stationed around
the legation, where he resides.
15,000 Austrians Taken.
Paris —In a message from Petrograd
the Havas correspondent says lhe Rus
sians In Galicia have captured 15,000
Austrians, Including 160 officers. Many
cannon, quick-fire guns and supplies
also have been taken.
Son of Austrian-Chief Killed.
Vienna.—It was announced here
that Lieut. Herbert von Hoetzendorf,
son of the Austrian chief in command,
was killed ln battle against the Rus
sians at Rawa Ruska.
Moving On Sarajevo.
London.—A Montenegrin army is
only 10 miles from Sarajevo, the enp
1U1 of Bosnia, according to a dispatch
received by the Montenegrin minister
from the foreign office at Cettlnje.
ip4
!
j
j
]
Barsn GM* la ona of tha leading 1
statesmen of Japan and la among tho
otrongost supporter» pf the prêtant
war polity of tho island empire.
ZJ
Jk.
BARON GATO
TURN BATTLE INTO SIEGE
German Right Is Reported Puehed
Back—Both Sides Are Exhausted.
Attack» Loee In Violence.
New York.—The nature of the strug
gle between lhe Oerniuns and the al
lied tçrvfm on Hie battle front In
Franc?, Which stretches from Noyon
In tho west to Verdun, is indicated by
the latest official communication from
tile French war office, which says that
the engagements have become less vio
lent.
The French report they have made
progress in the territory between
Rheims and the Argonne forest. On
their left wing they have reached the
heights of Lasslgny. Willi the French
on this part of the battle line are the
British, who, according to an official
statement issued by the British press
bureau, have fared badly since the be
ginning of the war in the loss of offi
cers.
The casualty lists show that 79T
British officers are among the killed,
wounded and missing, a very high per
centage of the total losses. Among
these are 32 colonels and lieutenant
colonels, 85 majors and 246 captains.
The Coldstream Guards have lost 31
of their officers, the highest on the
list.
Tlie German emperor has taken up
his quarters in Luxemburg, according
to a Paris dispatch. To guard against
possible raids by French aviators, a
squadron of German aeroplanes is
held in readiness.
A Vladivostok dispatch says Japan
ese aeroplanes have destroyed with
bombs two of the Important forts at
Tslng-Tau, In the German protectorats
of Kiao-chau, while Poking rsports
that a British detachment left Tien
Tsln Saturday to assist the Japanese
In tlie attacks on that place.
The Montenegrin army Is believed
to be close to Sarajevo, capital of
Bosnia. Tho Montenegrin foreign of
fice learns that the Austrian array !>
in retreat.
ALLIES FIGHT IN WATER
Fiercest Battle of War Rages In North
ern France—Both 8ldes Are
Entrenched.
London.—One of tlie fiercest bsttles
of all times, which has been raging
acroBB Northern France for a week
past, with first a slight advantage on
one side and then on the other, re
mains undecided.
The two great armies, which have
been fighting for a month with few if
any intermissions, have dug them
selves Into entrenchments on rivers
and mountain ranges on a front
reaching from the Oise to the Meuse
and thence southeastward along the
Franco-German frontier and the
French and British troops are fighting
waist deep in water, the rains having
flooded their trenches.
Artillery duels, such as never be
fore have been seen, are being car
ried on with the hope of compelling
the evacuation of the strongly held
positions, with occasional successes to
the opposing sides, while the Infantry,
In the face of a galling fire, have
charged right up to the guns, only to
makes their opponents give way
slightly or to he repulsed with great
losses.
Fighting lias been fiercest on the al
lies' left, which lies on the right hank ;
of tlie River Oise in the vicinity of
Rheims.
London.—A dispatch to the Ex- I
change Telegraph from Constantinople j
says tlie Turkish fleet, including the :
former German cruisers Breslau and |
Ooeben, was reviewed off tlie Island j
of Halki by the sultan. 1
Sultan Review* Turkiah Flee*.
Germans Disable British Cruiser,
ljondon.—Tlie Britisli admiralty re
ports that the German protected!
cruiser Koenigeburg caught the Brit
ish light cruiser Pegasus overhauling
her machinery in Zanzibar harbor, and
attacked and completely disabled her
Kaieer'a Sons Wounded.
London. — An Exchange Telegraph
dispatch from The Hague says a mes
sage received from Berlin asserts that
Prince August William, fourth Bon of
Emperor William, was shot in the left
arm during the battle of the Marne.
He is the third one of Emperor Wil
liam's sons reported wounded.
Austrian Torpsdo Boat 8unk.
Vienna.—The Austrian torpedo ,boat
No. 27 was sunk In the Harbor ot
Pols. Much secrecy bas been main
tained regarding the occurrence.
ANNOUNCEMENT CAUSES APPRE
HENSION IN DUAL MONARCHY
NINE CASES DISCOVERED.
NEWS FROM EAST LACKING
Plague Found Among Wounded Re
turned from Galicia
Awaits with Keen Anxiety
Result of Fighting.
Vienna
Vienna — Nine cases
cholera have been discovered among
if
Asiatic
wounded soldiers In Hungary. The an
nouncement lias excited great appre
hem
throughout the dual monar
CllY.
It Is learned here that (lie first sus
peeled case of cholera in Hungary was
that ot a wounded soldier brought Sept,
lfi to Beltes Caaba from the Galician
! battlefield The bacteriological exam
j inntlon clearly showed Asiatic cholera,
j The patient Immediately was tsolst
] ed. Since then eight other eases have
1 been discovered, also among the
wounded who returned from Galicia,
llolh Austrian and Hungarian min
isters ot tho Interior are taking the
utmost precautions against a spread
of the disease.
Vienna is awaiting with keen aux
lety news of the progress of the fight
Ing agutust tho Russians and Servians,
but nothing Is forthcoming beyond lhe
bare official statement that there are
no new developments In the eastern
theater ot the war.
■*
.
TERRIFIC ATTACK AT NIGHT
Hand-to Hand Encounter—Llnea Clash
in Terrific Bayonet Chargea
In the Dark.
Paris — In a furious night attack
opened by the allies simultaneously
along the whole line between the Aisne
and the Oise, tile Germans were sur
prised in their trenches and driven out
at several points on the German right,
both sides suffering very heavy losses.
Soon after the attack opened, 1 ho
Germans directed an attack against
tile ullles' lines further to the east,
but were finally driven back in a
hand-to-hand encounter, In which tine
after line dashed in terrific Imyonet
charges in Hie dark.
Severe fighting has occurred along
Lhe entire battle line, which has nar
rowed to about 90 miles because of the
rival armies drawing closer together
for more massive compact.
During the early part of the night
the engagement had narrowed to ac
tivity of the heavy guns, and the fire
wan desultory. Hut at 2 o'clock ln the
morning a preconcerted attack by lit«
allies opened with unprecedented fury.
Artillery, rapid-fire guns and RmaD
signal, and the fire was overwhelming. .
On the allies' left the. onslaught was
conducted with the greatest vigor, for
her* tha attacking French and Brltleh
had made the greatest advances and
the troops were buoyed up by the full
enthuelasm of their triumphs.
The French gunners had the range,
and raked lhe German trenches with a
galling fire. Under cover of this and
the rapld-flrers, which swept the top
of the line of trenches, the British and
English cavalry and Infantry advanced
and stormed them.
The energy of the attack took the
Germans by surprise, and after a fierce
struggle at the trenches, the Germane
were driven back. The German resist
ance was desperate. It was not until
they were overwhelmed that they wer*
swept from their position.
Fresh troops, hitherto not ln action,
were brought up by the French to da
cido the battle further to the east.
;
IN CONTACT WITH GERMANS
Move Upon Przomyel Developing Suc
cess—Order of Bt. Alexander Con
ferred on Gan. Ivanoff.
Petrograd. —The Russian general
staff has Issued the following:
"In continuing the pursuit of the
retreating Austrians Russian troops
bave readied Veschloky.
"In the region of Przemysl the oper
ations of the Russians are developing
with success.
"Upon the German front the Russian
troops are in close contact with the
enemy, but no battle lias taken place."
An official communication from
Grand Duke Nicholas, commander-in
chlef of the Russian forces In the Held,
after reciting the capture of the forti
fied position of Jaroslau, says there is
no change In the situation on the
north western frontier.
Emperor Nicholas has conferred the
decoration of the Order of St. Alexan
der Nevsky upon Gen. Ivanoff for
military valor.
Two Train« Blown Up.
London.--The Mall's war correspond
I en ( # t a t eK that two trains of German
j renforcements were blown up be
: tW(tPI1 „rönne and St. Quentin by a
| Fr „„ c |, glltint . r . The correspondent
j alf)0 Bayg t hat Hie entire general staff
1 0 ne German division was brought
prisoners to Amiens.
Liner and Collier Taken.
London.—Tlie official press bureau
announced that tlie Britisli cruiser rap
tured tlie German armored liner Spree
wald and throe colliers In the Nrotb
Atlantic on Sept. 12.
Kaiser's 8on Reported Killed.
London.—-The Morning Post's Copen
hagen correspondent wires It Is report
ed there Prince Adelheid, Emperor
William's son, died of wounds gt a
Brussels hospital. The German em
bassy here says it has no Information.
Qen. Botha Commanda.
London —Gen. Lonls Botha, premier
and minister of agriculture of thé
Union of South Africa; will take su
preme command of British operations
against German Bot^wast Africa.
Ml

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