MM I MMMM MM ttMIMm
The Adventures of
HAROLD MAC GRATH
Illustrated by Pictures from the Morin« picture
Production of the Sell« Polyscope Co.
" tOspyrlgkt hr BaraU MacGratlu
urn n—, believing bar Uthwr Col
h néril has summoned bar. leaves
£,1» Californie toeo to Mm tn
Tndia. Umballa. pretender to the
^ÎTlmprlioned the colonel! named
u late king aa hie heir. Arriving in
S®, Kathlyn la Informed by ÙmbaUa
* ss u2sùr*ïhi s*™
■ dsra to think 1» over.
! °.nd Is told that she muet undergo
Usais with wild beasts. If ehe eur
will be permitted to nils. John
American, saves her Ufs . The
, _ut which carries her from the
-K„, her trials runs away, separating
tfcfrwn Bruce and the rest of the party.
IS tikes refuge In a ruined temple, but
, K haven Is the abode of a Uon and she
: ^toreed to flee from It She finds e re
sit ta the jungle only to fall lutp the
Cadi of slave traders. Kathlyn Is
SmsM to the public mart In Allaha and
Cldto Umballa. who, finding her still un
gügsive throws her Into the dungeon
SSher father. She Is rescued by Bruce
hit friends. Colonel Hake also la
Eied. Umballa. with soldiers, starts
Ssmsult. Kathlyn la struck by a bul
fi^Tte fugitives are given shelter In the
'Ska of Bala Khan.
Lowly and quickly Pundlta transla
Hklfor Kathlyn so that she might miss
of the conversation.
jJHy The Colonel Sahib looks worn."
j B -Now, In my travels I have been to
■^Bombay, and there I dressed like you
white people I have the complete
H«ws- Perhaps the Colonel Sahib
would be pleased to see If he can wear
And also the use of my barber?"
■ "Bala Khan," cried the colonel, "you
ana prince indeed! It will tonic me
■ Ilka medicine. Thanks, thanks!"
I "It la well."
I "You have a wonderful elephant out
I there In the compound," Bald Bruce,
I who had remained a silent listener to
j ail that had gone before.
I "Ah! That is a curiosity. He Is wor
[' ihlped by Hindus and reverenced by
? my own people. I am his official cus
! todlan. There is a Baying among the
» people that 111 will befall me should 1
; toe, sell or permit him to be stolen.''
I "And many have offered to buy?"
; Inquired the colonel.
When the colonel appeared at sup
H per, simple but substantial, he was a
j sew man. He stood up straight,
E though Ills back still smarted from the
!. lash. Kathlyn was delighted st the
? - change.
After the meal was over and coffee
I was drunk, the khan conducted lits
I guests to his armory, of which he was
I rery proud. Guns of all descriptions
I lined the wallB. Some of them Bruce
I would have liked to own, to decorate
I the walls of his own armory, thou
i sands of miles away.
I [ The colonel whispered a forgotten
I prayer as, later, he laid down his
I weary aching limbs upon the rope bed.
[ Almost Immediately be sank into slum
[ her ss deep and silent as the sea.
I I Kathlyn and Bruce, however, went
];. up to the hanging gardens and re
| malned there till nine, marveling over
f: the beauty of the night. The Pathan
I city lay under tJYelr gaze, with a like
[ ness to one of those magic cities one
They Set Out at Onoe.
! tssds about In the chronicles of Sln
had ths Sailor. But they spoke no
ford of love. When clone with this
L remarkable yonng woman, Bruce found
if fclmself invariably tongue-tied.
I'- At the same hour, less than fifty
-• »lies away, Umballa stood before the
}'# opening of his elaborate tent erected
[ »1 sundown by the river's brink, and
Scowled at the moon. He saw no
h, beauty In the translucent sky, in the
H *R?ery paleness of the world below.
|ÿ He wanted revenge, and the word
E fcls, ® d 14 Rl* brain as a viper hisses
In the dark of lfci care.
Dung fires twinkled and soldiers
|f v lounged about them, smoking and gos
[ë olping. They had been given an earn
H *>t against their long delinquent
fc: wsgeg, and they were in a happy frame
p? of mind. Their dead comrades were
deed and mourning was for widows; for
}1-; them would be the pleasures of swift
reprisals. The fugitives had gone to
» ward the desert and In that bleak
v stretch of treeless land It would not be
û difficult to find them, once they started
1, 14 Pursuit.
'In the compound the moonlight lay
? open everything; upon the fat sides
■ and back of the sacred white ele
B 1 Want, upon the three low caste keep
era, now free of the vigilant eye of
their Brahmin chief. The gates were
barred and cloeed; all inside the house
ef Bala Khan were asleep. Far away
* sentry dosed on his rifle, on the
*«U- Th*- Urne beepers whispered
and chuckled among themselves.
"Who will know?" amid one.
"The moon will not apeak,'' «aid an
The three approached the elephant
A bit of gymnastics and one of them
waa boosted to the back of the ele
phant, to whom this episode waa more
or Iasi familiar. Another followed;
the third waa pulled up, and from the
elephant's back they made the top of
the wall and disappeared down Into
the street Here they paused cautious
ly, for two guards always patroled the
front of the compound during the
night. Presntly the three truants stole
away toward the bazaars, which In this
desert town occupied but a single
street Down they went Into a cellar j
way and the guru's curse stalked be ' In
side them. For opium ia the hand- ] 89
Perhaps twenty minutes later slight}
sounds came from the front of the !
maiden of all curses.
compound wall. A rifle barrel clat
tered upon the cobbles. Then, over
the wall, near the elephant, a head ap
peared, then a body. This was repeat
ed four times, and four light-footed
nomads of the desert lowered them
selves Into the compound. They ran
quickly to the gate and noiselessly un
barred It. Outside were five more des
ert nomads, gathered about the Insen
sible bodies of the sentries.
These nine men were the dancers
who had entered the town tn advance
of Kathlyn. For weeks they had lain
In wait for this moment. They had
spied upon the three low caste keepers
and upon learning of their nocturnal
Junkets Into the opium den had cast
the die this night.
With the utmost caution they ap
proached the sacred elephant, took off
his chains and led him from the com
pound. Immediately six of the maraud
ers trotted far ahead toward the gate
they knew to be the least guarded The
sacred elephant, passing through the
streets, attended by three men,
aroused no suspicions la any strag
gler who saw. So remote was the
wall city, bo seemingly Impregnable,
and so little Interfered with that it was
only human that its guastllans should
eventually grow careless.
When the keepers, staggering under
the fumes of the drug, returned near
daybreak, first to find the gate open,
second to find their sacred charge
gone, they fled In terror, for It would
be death, lingering and painful, for
them to stay and explain how and why
they had left their post
The wild and lawless brigands knew
exactly what they were about,
were several agents of European and
American circuses after this white ele
phant; and as it could not be pup
reason why It
chased there was
could not be stolen.
When the Brahmin arrived at sun
rise to find his vocation gone he set
up a wailing which awakened the
household. The khan was furious and
ordered a general search. He vowed
death to the foul hands which had
done this sacrilege!
Kathlyn and the others were genu
inely sorry when the khan announced
what had taken place.
Said he: "Come, you are all skilled
Find me my elephant and
these guns and newer and surer ones
shall protect you from Durga Ram.
should he take It Into his bead to come
The colonel, Bruce and Ramabal set
After they had gone a
out at once,
camel rider entered the compound and
audience with Bala Khan.
Kathlyn and Pundlta were In the com
poundrat the time and the former was
greatly Interested In the saddle bags,
attached to one of which was a binocu
lar case. Kathlyn could not resist the
Inclination to open this case. It con
tained an exceptionally fine pair of
glasses, such as were used In that day
In the BritlBh army. No doubt they
were a part of some loot
Suddenly an idea came to her. She
asked permission (through Pundlta) to
ride the camel outside the town. After
argument the servant in charge
Up° n 4 , . . .
hillock of Band three or four hundred
feet In height—Kathlyn tried the
From' this promontory she
of something like fifteen
knoll outside the city—a
had range , , .
twenty miles. Back and forth her
roved and suddenly paused.
Captured by Brigands.
When Kathlyn returned to the com
wlth the news that she
pound It was
had discovered a group of men, some
twelve or fifteen miles to the west.
They had paused at what appeared to
be a well, and with them , was the sa
cred white elephant Bala Khan was
for giving orders at once to set out
with his racing camels to catch and
crucify every mother's son of them on
But Ramabal inter
the city walls.
toward the compound I
The man who
before 1 could
"As I came
was given a message,
gave It to me was gone
get a good look at his face.
who stole the sacred white ele
phant are brave and desperate. At
first sign of pursuit they promise
to kill the elephant"
"And by the beard of the prophet,
cried Bala Khan, his face purpling
with passion, "these men of the desert
keep their promises. And so do t
promise later to nail each one of them
to the walls to die hanging to nails.
'But Just now," said Ramabal quiet
ly, "the main thing Is to rescue the
elephant and I have a plan.
"Let me hear It''
"From what you
Ramabal, "those nomads or
told me last night
brigands are opium fiends.
Bala Khan nodded.
•'Bruce Sahib here and I will under
take to carry them doctored opium. I
know something about the drug. I be
lieve that we saw the thieves last eve
nlng as we came through tbe streets
My plau UÜ8: we will rake Dre rac
ing camels, go north and turn, making
the well from the west. That will uot
look like pursuit."
But five camels?" Bala Khan was
In order to allay the suspl
cions of the brigands. Kathlyn Memsa
hib and my wife must accompany us." |
The colouel objected, but Kathlyn \
doesn't look good, llamabal. Why BOt
overruled his objections.
"but, Kit, they will recognise I
They will not have forgotten me. Th^r
will know that we have come from tfre
town, despite the fact that to all up
pearances we come from the weat"
Bruce also shook his head. "It
saddle bags. They will find the opium,
In a quarter of an hour they will be
89 dead and we can return."
"It Is a good plan," said Bala Khan,
when the conversation was fully trans
lated to him. "And once the elephant
Is back In the compound I'll send a
dozen men back for the rogues. Ah!
they will play with me; they will steal
Into my town, overcome my guards,
take the apple of my eye! Ramabal,
thou are a friend Indeed. Haste and
Allah fend for thee! Umballa may ar
rive with an army, but he shall not
enter my gates."
Guided by a servant, Bruce and Ra
mabal set off for the opium den. The
proprietor understood exactly what
they desired. There were times when
men entered his place who were In
need of a long sleep, having money
tucked away In their fantastic cum
we three men?"
"They would be suspicious st one*.
They would reason. If they saw Kath
lyn Memsahlb and my wife with us
that we were harmless. Will you trust
"Anywhere," said the colonel. "But
they will simply make us prisoners
along with the elephant"
"Ah, but the Colonel Sahib forgets
the opium." Ramabal laid his hand
upon the colonel's arm. "Let them
make prisoners of us. The very first
thing they will do will be to search the
So, mounted upon five swift camels,
the party started off on a wide circle.
Whether they caught tho brigands at
the well or on tho way to their moun
tain homes was of no great Importance.
Ramabal was quite certain that the
result would be the same. The colonel
grumbled a good deal. Suppose the
rascals did not Bmoke; what then?"
"They will smoke," declared Rama
bal, confidently. "The old rascal of
whom we bought the opium has enter
tained them more than once. They
are too poor to own pipes. Have pa
tience, Colonel Sahib. A good deal de
pends upon the success of our adven
ture this morning. If I know anything
about Umballa, he will shortly be on
the march. Bala Khan has given his
Had it not been for liberal use of
opium the night before, the brigands
would not have tarried so long at the
well; but they were terribly thirsty,
bit nerve-shattered and craved for
the drug. The chief alone had fully
recovered. He cursed and raved at his
men, kicked and beat them
After all these weeks of waiting, to let
sleep stand between them and thou
sands of rupees? Dogs! Pigs! Did
they not recollect that Bala Khan had
of nailing thieves outside the
walls of his city? Well, he for one
would not wait He would mount the
sacred elephant and head toward the
In the hills. Let them who
would decorate the walls of Bala
The threat of Bala Khan put
life Into the eight followers, and they
getting ready to move on when
of them discovered a small cara
approaching from the west
Camels? Ha! Here was a chance
of leaving Bala Khan's city far In the
rear. And there would be loot besides.
Those helmets were never worn by
white men. The chief scowled
under his shading palm. Women! O,
this was going to be something worth
When the caravan came within hail
ing distance the chief of the brigands
stepped forward menacingly. The
arrivals were Informed they were
prisoners, and were bidden to dis
mount at once.
"But we are on the way to the city
of Bala Khan," remonstrated Rama
"Which you left this morning!"
jeered the chief.
"But 1 am selling opium there!"
"Where Is It? Give It to us!" cried
of the brigands.
The chief thought quickly. If hta
would smoke they should suffer
the penalty of being left at the well to
await the arrival of the tender Bala
Khan. The white elephant was worth
10,000 rupees. He might not be obliged
to share these bags of silver. His men
could not complain. They had dis
charged him. Let them have the pipes.
He himself would only pretend to
But the first whiff of the fumes was
too much for his will power. He
sucked In the smoke, down to the bot
tom of his very soul, and suddenly
The superdrug with
which the poppy had been mixed was
unknown to Ramabal, but he had
often witnessed tests of ite potency.
It worked with the rapidity of viper
venom. Within ten minutes after the
first Inhalation the nine brigands sank
back upon the sand, as nearly dead as
any man might care to be.
At once the elephant was liberated,
and the party made off toward the
Colonel Hare, suspicious of
everything these days, marveled over
the simplicity of the trick ,and the
smoothness with which it had been
turned. He began to have hope for the
future. Perhaps this time they were
really going to escape from this land
There waa great pow-wowing and
salaaming at the gate as the sacred
white elephant loomed Into sight The
old Brahmin who had charge of him
wept for joy. He waa still a person
age, respected, salaamed to, despite
the preponderance of Mohammedan«.
His sacred elephant!
Bala Khan was Joyous,
the sacred elephant once more In the
compound, and not a piece out of hie
treasure chest He was In luck. In
the midst of his self-con grstu letton»
came the alarming news that a large
body of men were seen approaching
the desert from ths direction of
Alla ha. Bala Khan, his chief* and his
guests climbed to the top of the wall
ana beheld .thejpecucle in truth It
required but a single look through the
binoculars to discover to whom this
"Umballa!" said Ramab&l.
"Ah? Durga Ram, to pay bis re
| spects." Bala Khan rubbed his bands
\ together. It had been many moons
since he had ueed a tulwar
The colonel examined his revolver,
coldly. The moment Umballa came
within range the colonel Intended to
shoot This matter was going to be
settled definitely, here and now. 80
long as I'mballa lived, a dread men
gee hang above Kathlyn's head. So,
then. Umballa must die
Bala Khan waa for beginning the
warfare at once, but Bruce argued him
out of this. Let them first loam what
Umballa Intended to do. There might
be no need of shedding blood.
"You white people must always
talk." grumbled the khan, who was a
fighting man, born of a race of flght
Preparing Opium for the Brigands.
yet to bow the head to the yoke.
"It Is better to kill and talk after
ward. I have given my word to pro
tect you, and the word of Bala Khan Is
as sound aB British gold."
"For that," said Bruce, "thanks."
"Keep your men from the walls,"
cried Kathlyn, "and bring me the
white elephant I would deal with this
Her request was granted. So when
Durga Ram and his soldierB arrived
before the closed gates they beheld
Kathlyn mounted on the white ele
"What wish you here, Durga Ram?"
she called down to the man on the
richly caparisoned war elephant
"You! Your father and those who
have helped you to escape."
"Indeed! Well, come and take us,"
"1 would speak with Bala Khan," Im
"You will deal with me alone," de
Umballa reached for his rifle, but a
loud murmur from his men stayed his
"It Is the sacred white elephant,
highness. None dare fire at that" his
captain warned him. "Those with him
him are In sanctity."
"Tell Bala Khan," said Umballa,
controlling his rage as best he could,
"tell Bala Khan, that 1 would be his
friend, not hts enemy."
"Bala Khan," boomed a voice from
the other side of the wall, "cares not
for your friendship. Whatever the
memsahlb says is my word. Whatl
Does Allaha want war for the sake of
gratifying Durga Ram's spite? Be
gone, and thank your evil gods that 1
not already at your lying, treach
throat Take yourself off, Durga
Ram. The people of Itala Khan do not
make war on women and old men. The
memsahlb and her friends are under
"I will buy them!" shouted Umballa,
recollecting tho greed of Bala Khan.
"My word Is not for sale!" came
Kathlyn understod by the expres
sion on Umballa's countenance what
was taking place. She smiled down at
"So be It, Bala Khan," snarled Um
balla, his rage no longer on the rein.
"In one month'B time 1 shall return,
and of your city there will not be one
stone upon another when I leave It!'
"One month!" Ramabal laughed.
-, - -liib -.igj
Scarcity of Competent Mon.
Alba B. Johnson, president of the
Baldwin Locomotive works, in testify
ing before the United States commis
sion on industrial relations, said;
"Large Industries are hard pressed to
find men capable of taking responsible
positions. 1 know of half a dozen busi
nesses that would be glad to pay H®.
000 a year to capable men."
plaint Is becoming a common one. It
raises a question whether American
men are declining In executive ability
or whether modern business ambi
tions, by extending operations over
wider fields and adopting more
plex motbods, have not become too
cumbersome In some respects and too
confusing In others for any class of
to conduct successfully.—New
A kind-faced Bostonian, while wait
ing on a corner for a car recently, was
attracted by a melodious piano which
Italian was grinding.
"It roust be somewhat difficult to
turn that crank as steadily as you do
and keep such good time," said the
Bostonian, as be dropped a coin Into
the performer's hat
"Not so« deeficult" replied tbe Ital
ian bis face becoming Illuminated
with a smile. "You see, I no gotta da
monk. To turn da crank dees way
stead' keepa da tlm'. But turns da
crank an' watcha da monk sam' tlm';
_That taka da arteest—da true
arteest Bet ees da monk, signor, that
<t. m.nd. de genius!"—Buffalo En
q* km. •
"Why are you always smiling. Kama
bal?' asked Broca
"1 hare had a dream, sahib." an
swered Bamabal, still smlllug. "Um
balla will not return here."
"You could tell me more than that"
"1 could, but will not." the 6mlle fir
ing way to sterna
"If I only knew what had become of
Ahmed." said the colonel, when the
last of Vmballa's soldiers disappeared
whence they had coma "1 should feel
"Wa shall Bad. or he will find us, if
he la alive," said Kathlyn "Now let
make ready for the last Journey
One hundred miles to the west Is the
Arabian gulf. It Is a caravan port and
there will be sailing vessels and steam
ships." She shook him by the shoul
ders Joyously. "Dad. we are going
"Kit I want to see Wlnnlel"
The word sent a twinge of pain
through Bruce's heart Homel Would
be ever have a real one? Was she to
so out of bis Ute St Isst? Kathlyn
"But you, Ramabal?" said Kathlyn.
"I shall return to Allaha, 1 and Pun
dits," replied Ramabal.
"It will be death!" objected Bruce j
and Kathlyn together.
"I think not," and Ramabal permit- ,
ted one of his mysterious smiles to ;
stir his lips.
"Ramabal!" whispered Pundtta, fear
After all. why ahould we
"What Is all this about?" Inquired
"Allaha la weary of Umballa'« iron
heel, weary of a vacillating Council.
And the time has arrived when tho
two must be abolished. A thousand
await the turn of my hand. And
who has a better right to tho throne
of Allaha than Pundtta, my wife?"
"Good!" cried Kathlyn, her eyes
sparkling. "Good! And If we can help
"Kit" Interposed the colonel,
give Ramabal and Pundlta only
our good wishea. Our way lies to the
west, to the seaport, and home.
And the party returned to the com
pound rather subdued.
native banker would go far.
"And if I am ever a quoen, will my
beautiful memsahlb come back some
day and visit me?"
"That I promise. Pundlta, though 1
have no love for Allaha."
"We will go with you to the coast,"
said Ramabal, "and on our return to
Allaha will see what has become of
tho faithful Ahmed."
"For that my thanks," responded the
colonel. "Ahmed has been with me for
many years, and has shared with mo
many hardships. If he lives, he will
be a marked man, bo far aB Umballa
Is concerned. Aid him to come to me.
The loss of my camp and bungalow Is
nothing. The fact that we are all alive
today la enough for me. But you,
Bruce: will It hit you hard?"
Bruce laughed eaßily. "I am young.
Besides, it was a pastime for me.
though I went at It In a business way."
"I am glad of that There Is noth
ing to regret In leaving this part of the
world." Yet the colonel sighed.
And Kathlyn heard that sigh, and
Intuitively understood. The filigree
basket of gems. Of such was the
minds of men.
But the colonel was taken 111 that
night, and It was a woek before be
left his bed, and another before he was
considered strong enough to attempt
the Journey. Hala Khan proved to be
a fine host, for he loved men of deeds,
and this white-haired old man was one
of the right kidney. He must be
strong ere he took the long Journey
over the hot sands to the sea.
A spy of Umballa's watched and
waited to carry the new» to his mas
ter. the day his master's enemies de
parted from the haven of Bala Khan'«
When the day came the khan Insist
ed that hlB guests should use bis own
camels and servants, and upon Raraa
bal's return the elephants would be
turned over to him for his Journey
back to Allaha. Thus, one bright
morning, the caravan set forth for
what was believed to be the last Joui»
And Umballa's spy hastened away.
«TO BE CONTINUED.)
Why W» Worry.
Worry, when you come to analysa
It 1» not a social vice. We worry
chiefly over those things which con
the ME. Show me that what lm
pends will leave My bank account In
tact, My health unimpaired, My
friends and family out. and any fur
ther tormenting solicitude that I may
feel Is frankly academic. I may still
take thought and use preventive
measures, but I cease, as if by magic,
to worry over the outcome. On the
contrary, 1 can now work for the ac
complishment of my object better than
ever before. For most worry Is not
only an arch form of selfishness, but
It Is the great Inhibitor of action. We
say, "I am worried;" we mean, "I fear
for myself.''— B. P. Frost In Atlantic.
To Seal Bottles.
Bottles may be securely sealed In
tho following manner; Melt together a
quarter of a pound of sealing wax, the
same quantity of resin and two ounces
of beeswax. When tbe mixture froths,
stir It with a tallow candle. As soon
each Ingredient Is melted, dip the
tops of the corked bottles In tbe mlx
It will completely exclude the
Greater London, with a population
of 7,000,000 and an area of 700 square
miles, Is a composite district made
up of 38 city boroughs and 29 suburban
towns, governed by various city and
town councils, but In certain matters
subordinate to the Lon ton county
ARRANGE FOR WINTER
TASK SHOULD BE PERFORMED
WHILE WEATHER IS WARM
Eich Hive Should Be Examined to As
certain If Required Stores Are on
Hand—There Is Nothing Bet
ter Than Sealed Honey.
(Py 1 O. HERMAN.)
If there Is one Item above another
having great Importance In the winter
ing problem. It Is the securing of the
winter stores near and about the clue
ter of bees In time for them to settle
down Into that quiescent state so con
ducive to good wintering, prior to the
middle of October. In the more north
To arrange these stores properly
and seal them, requires warm weather
hence all will see the fallacy of put
ting oft caring for them until cold
To be sure that
all have the desired amount of stores
there Is only one certain wav to do.
and that Is to open the hives and take
out each frame.
If, after going over a hive and j
weighing each comb, 1 find that there j
Is 26 pounds of actual stores
that lilve or colouy all right for
j den- !
ter. If less It must bo fed th(
i spare some to j
hich 1» lacking
clency; If more, it cm
help another colony
in the amount. In this way the
apiary should be gone over.
Colonies left on the summer stand
require anywhere from 2fl to 30 pounds
of good food for successful wintering
A little In excess of this will do no
harm, but on the contrary will stimu
late the colony In building up fnstor
In the following spring
If nife has
combs of honey, a few of them can ho
distributed among the light colonies,
but In the absence of these It will bn
necessary to feed liquid honey or a
sirup made of sugur and water.
Do not think of using anything but
the best granulated sugar. When bees
can fly nil the time, you can safely
feed them anything. Hut when they
cannot fly, there Is nothing bettor than
sealed honey. When j
that use a sirup of granulated sugar
If the feeding can lie attended to
while the weather ta still warm, the
sirup may not be quite
about 2 pounds of sugar to one pint
of water, which will make 3 pounds of
If the feeding Is deferred until cool
weather has set In, the sirup will, of
necessity, have to he a somewhat
thicker consistency, for the bees will
not bo able to evaporate the super
fluous water out of It.
In making the sugar slnip he care
ful not to bum It while bulling. In
fact It need not he boiled at all; Just
pour the boiling water over the sugnr
and stir until thoroughly dissolved ;
when cool It Is ready to give to the
It Is claimed by some beekeepers
that If a few tablespoonfuls of extract
ed honey are added to the sugar sirup
It will prevent It granulating In the
comb, hut there Is little danger of
this anyway. If there are weak lolB
Just unite two or more together, re
moving the least valuable queen.
The bees of two lota may ho united
peaceably by sprinkling them thinly
with sugar sirup flavored with peppur
mlnt, and then placing the frames
with adhering bees alternately in a
baud some sealed
3 - y
Swarming a Hive.
fresh hive. The stronger the colony
and the bees the less Is the honey
This appears strange, but It Is quite
true; a small lot of bees In a hive
containing several combs are restless,
with the consequence that they con
sume honey to raise the temperature
lowered by the cool air surrounding
The food supply may be ample
owing to a particularly favorable sea
son after the supers have been re
moved, but even if feeding has to be
resorted to, very little time will be
needed to perform this part of the
In order to obtain young bees for
wintering, a supply of sugar, given at
the close of the honey flow, will prob
ably be all that Is necessary to con
tinue breeding up to tho middle of
September, when whatever further
supply Is needed to make the colony
be given In the
safe for winter ce
form of sirup.
The amount of water a soil will
hold against gravity depends upon
the typo of soil. A clay soil composed
of fine particles with very small spaces
will retain more water than a coarser,
sandier soil composed of larger par
tides and larger spaces
amount of humus, or decomposed or
ganic matter, In the soil Influences
the water holding capacity Tbe more
humns In the soil, the more water It
will bold, providing the soil particles
are of similar elxe.
Harbor for Insects.
Scour off all the dead bark on the
fruit trees which, besides looking un
sightly, Is a harbor for a great variety
of Insects and affords numerous cror
ce» for water to stand In. Soft soap
and water Is an excellent wash for
VETCH IS important crop
Its More Qeneral Growth Would Aid
Materially in Live Stock Indue
try—Also Improves Soil.
(By A. SMITH )
Vetch should occupy an Important
place tu the agriculture of those state®
where It can be raised with success.
In four year«'
800 fields vetch has consistently mado
heavier growth» and greater yields
than crimson clover, red clover, or
bur clover, although under favorable
conditions these have done well.
V#Mch is high In protein content. Is
a good hay, pasture, and soiling crop,
and its more general growth would
aid In the development of the live
stock industry and remove much of
the existing necessity for buying hay.
Vetch is used sh a cover crop to pre
vent the leaching and washing of soils
Like all legumes. It Improves land by
adding nitrogen and organic matter
to the soils As it grows through the
winter and spring and may be har
vested in time to plant corn or cow
n the same land, It should bo
used In building up Impoverished soils
and In maintaining the productivity
of the land The vetch crop does not
parlsons on over
„ Tsw im
Plant of English Vstch.
man labor at any
time when this Is needed for the cow
pea crop, except possibly ut the har
vest time of cow pea hay.
RETURNS FROM WORK HORSES
Many Little Points Are Enumerated
That Will teaeen Cost of Animal
Labor on the Farm.
(By A II. RENTON, Assistant Agl'lcul
turlat, University F
One of the most frequent sources of
loss ou the farm Is Insufficient return
from work horses.
Have you satisfied yourself on the
Do your horses earn enough to pay
for their feed und care, and enough
to meet tho Interest, depreciation and
other expenses, as harness costa and
It costs - f 100 annually to keep the
average horse, in Minnesota, but this
horse works only a little more than
three hours each working day. Thl»
makes I he horse labor cost approxi
mately ten cents an hour,
Do you handle the horse labor on
your farm so that the annual coat of
koeplng your horse la less than the
average, or so that the number of
hours worked Is greater? Both meth
ods will reduce the cost of the horse
labor, but the latter offers by far the
Can you revise yoqr cropping sys
tem so that fewer work horses will be
needed, or so that the work will be
more equally distributed and thus
make It possible to employ them more
hours each year?
Can you raise colts and thus reduce
the cost of keeping your horses?
Can you arrange to use your work
horses for outside work when not busy
on the farm?
Can you reduce the cost of keeping
each horse by feeding les» feed or
cheaper feed and still give a proper
Farm work done with fewer horse*
saving of »100 a year for
each horse not needed.
BIG VALUE OF THE LEGUMES
Plowing Under of Oraen Manure Crop»
In Orchard H«« Been Prov«n at
Investigations prove the high valu«
of the common legume crops, whether
used In rotation or as green manure
Results obtained from their
far more striking In poor
soils than In rich soils. Perhaps ths
safest rule to apply where there Is •
choice of two legumes Is to use the
one which gives the largest total yield
per acre, or if these are about equal,
to use the one whose seed 1» cheapest.
The plowing under of green manure
crops as a regular operation Is seldom
carried on except In orchards. In this
there can be but little doubt that
the operation Is highly profitable.
With field crops the plowing under of
manure crop Is seldom Justl
fable except in the caso of very poof
lands or at considerable Intervals, be
ordlnarlly It Is far more profit
able to utilize the crop for feed and
then to return the manure to the soil.
There are 18 Important leguminous
field crops used In the United States
—namely, red clover, alfalfa, cowpeas,
alBlke clover, crimson clover, white
clover, soy beans, peanuts, Canada
peas, hairy vetch, common vetch, vel
vet beans, Japan clover, sweet clorar,
burr clover and beggar weed.
Alfalfa Cautea 8cours.
Alfalfa fed too liberally to very
young calves will cause scours. It Is
very rich feed and the amount given
must be limited, especially when the
calf Is young and before It has a
chance to adjust Itself to alfalfa hajr.
In short, whenever there Is a change
made In the feeding of animals It
should be done gradually or there is
danger of digestive troubles.
Waste of Food.
Food Is wasted when the animal is
exposed to excessive cold; when It Is
deprived of sufficient water; when ft la
compelled to drink Ice cold waten
when It la worried, dritfen about.
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