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J. L GILLESPIE. EDITOR. SUBSCRIPTION 91*00 A YEAR CASH. Entered at Greenwood, Mias., postoffice as second-class matter Exclusive Official, Journal, or the City Council. GREENWOOD. MISS., FEB. 18, 1916. MAKE CHANGES IN CONSTITUTION BY AMENDMENT. The time is at hand when it behooves every person loyal to the principles embodied in Missis sippi's present constitution to declare his attitude toward that excellent document and enter his vigor ous protest against any radical change in its provis ions. The organic law of this great State, as it stands today, is the creature of Mississippi's best intellect, patriotism and statesmanship and has served to pro tect this commonwealth from the menace of negro rule and has advanced it to the peaceful prosperity of a white man's government. When a vicious rule of illiterate inferiors threatened to engulf our be loved State in a ruin more hideous than slavery, the masterful mind and splendid courage of such men as George, Walthall, Lamar, Sykes and others, rose to the occasion and fashioned a constitutional bulwark that met every onslaugght and protected against every threatened disaster. Experiencing the bene fits which have coine to us from this tried and ; potent constitution, is it wise, until it has failed to further continue our prosperity, to discontinue its use and displace it with another, untried and secured at great expense—especially, in tnese times of stress, made doubly so in this State by the European war and the ravages of the boll weevil? What argument has been adduced by the clam orers for a new constitution, save their own desire to fashion another more to their liking, or to meet some cherished end, the wisdom of which they have failed thus far to establish? Not one sensible rea son, as yet, has been given, why the present consti tution should be supplanted by a vague concep tion of what another might be to meet a changed condition, existing more in imagination than fact. These champions for a new constitution declare that the present one was formulated to meet the conditions of another time, inferring by that state ment that there is a wide difference betweeir the conditions in this State now and then, but submit no evidence other than the inference. The fact is, conditions are practically the same, except the improvement that has been wrought by the operation of that constitution, which they now seek to abolish. We have the same negro popula tion, exceeding the white voter, and equally void of those qualities which would make them safe elec tors. True, the percentage of illiteracy is less among them, but that does not increase their quali fications to become voters, for education does not necessarily remove moral obliquity. If it is to recon struct the constitution so as to confer upon this ele ment of the State's population the right to vote without other regard to qualification than that of educational smattering, then, indeed, have condi tions changed. Such changed conditions do not warrant, however, throwing down of the bars of the constitution and permitting a vicious horde to tojgrasp the reins of government. If we need a new constitution, then it is up to those who demand it, to show wherein our present one has failed, and then outline one curing its defects. The Weekly has not observed where either of these things has been done, therefore it appears that the demand has no tenable foundation upon which to stand. We grant that every effort, whether in art or in letters, carries imperfections, by no means impairing its worth but serving as a foundation upon which to build a more perfect structure. That our present constitution has defects, its most ardent defenders admit, but these are slight and can be remedied by amendment, at small cost, and without endangering those rock-ribbed constitutional principles given to us by George, Walthall and Lamar. Let us perfect this constitutional safeguard until it meets every changed condition of our State. Let us do it by amendment, where it needs it, and pros per under its wise provisions in the future as we haye done in the past.—The Aberdeen Weekly. GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP. The armor barons got the answer any self respecting man would give another, in reply to their cowardly threat. "Build your armor plate factory, and we'il soak you an advance of $200 per ton the material you are buying," is what they in substance said to the senate naval committee. Within a few minutes the committee's answer was recommendation to congress of a bill carrying an appropriation of $11,000,000 for the purchase or constructio» of a government factory with an an nual output of not less than 20,000 tons. In the action is not only seen a quick and fit ting rebuke to an audacious threat, an insult to the government, but also a step further in the direction of government ownership and centralized national power. Every popular tendency today is to put the government first. ' America first, is not only the battle cry in the present world crisis, but the present national crisis in business. When private enterprise is either entrenched behind unpierced walls of protection in fearful for its existence, dallies at doing, Americans look to the government to take the lead, not only or politics but in business. LOOKS LIKE BUSINESS. President Wilson's preparedness program has been given almost the unanimous endorsement of the leading newspapers of the country. His west ern tour in the interest of more adequate armament for the United States is viewed as a distinct success The Washington Post says: "Congress owes it to the nation to make such provision as will insure honor and victory, if not peace. The New York Herald finds that "Mr. Wilson has made distinct progress in his task" and the Tribune says "the present agitation (for the presi dent's program) is sweeping the country. The Chicago Herald says "The president has appealed to real men and his appeal has not been in vain." The St Louis newspapers, the Indianapolis News and many others might be quoted, but all to one end. The agreement is general that the president is right and that the country is with him. »> » BETTER STATE NEWS. " The Commonwealth has recently made ar rangements for a more complete News Service cov ering the happenings over Mississippi. On another page of this issue yon will find full account of cur rent évents over the State. In calling our subscrib ers attention to this better service we take pleasure * that the change wifi tie permanent, dm The Common ';ÿP : far to WJ» ess - * i mm f/a m : Pay up week and its meaning. ! A number of towns and cities tliroughout the ; country have adopted the week of Fen ruary 21-26. ! inclusive, as Pay Up Week when everybody will make a special effort to pay their debts. This does not mean forclosure, or compulsion m any form, but simply a sort of voluntary covenant entered into i by merchants, doctors, lawyers, farmers everybody, | whereby they agree to do their utmost to pay off j all indebtedness during this week. It means a strong! pull, and a pull all together will be made to meet;"®" obligations for the good of all concerned, and i., Greenwood should join in the movement and ob Serve PAY UP WEEK It is simply wonderful the number of obliga tions that may be satisfied by the payment of just one debt. The ball is started rolling. The doctor receives payment from the patient, the doctor pays his landlord or board bill, the butcher pays his gro cer; the grocer pays the farmer for the produce he has bought; the farmer is enabled to return the money as a payment on a debt to another merchant; a or, perchance, he may pay his subscription to a country newspaper, and the poor editor is enabled to meet obligations that are urgent—and the end less chain continues, some sacrifice. We m iy have to deny ourselves some thing- that we feel we need. But, after re flection, we should decide to do without 'these ; things, for the time being, and meet debts that are weighing us down and depressing us. Often, it is not as hard as it seems to meet ob ligations—when we once make up our minds to get out of debt. True, it may, and often does, involve Some years ago, one of the western states, probably Nebraska, was heavily in debt. The volume of the state's obligations, together with those of its citizens, footed up amounted to almost equal to the total value of real estate and personal ty throughout the state. Bankruptcy hung like a black pail over the commonwealth. In their des peration, people began to hold meetings at the cross roads, school houses, country stores, and in villages, towns and cities. With practical unamity, they decided that it was the burden that was crush ing them, and lhat, as one man, they would free themselves from debt. This resolution found ex pre.sbion in various ways; but one of the most pot ent was a system of advertising and cooperation for|>a a state-wide Pay Up Week. Boards were put up along the highways, ai d everywhere, bearing the large letters, "GË t' OUT OF DEBT". The result was that they did get out of debt—and a wave of prosperity swept over that entire country. Do we not want to see the same conditions in Greenwood? Then cooperate in the general pay up movement. A common purpose is all that's needed WHAT WOULD LINCOLN SAY? When Senator John Sharp Williams v/as asked by Harper's Weekly "What Would Lincoln Say To day?" if he were in President Wilson's place, under existing conditions, wrote: President Lincoln's handling of the Alabama case in the Civil War is recommended to President Wilson as a pattern for managing the pending con troversy between the United States and Great Britain over interferences with American commerce. Bear and forbear until a cooler time comes, he counsels, as Lincoln did during the Civil War and the result of the Alabama claims proved him to be right in doing it. Whatever damage sounds in money or merchandise can be cured by money, but a wise government may at times well procrastinate and postpone in order that the appeal for reparation and indemnity may be made to cooler court, a cooler jury, to a people, who, after the war is over and the high feelings of war has subsided are capa ble of considering things impartially from the stand point purely of the demands of justice. "I would lodge my protest and I would uphold the principles of international law and the rights of neutrals until a proper day of reckoning came under our treaties and under general international law, rather than fight about money, if the sole cause of the quarrel were either money or base merchandise. I would wait until the people had become sober and cool, and then 1 would accomplish about what the United States* government did in the case of the Geneva award. Abraham Lincoln and Seward and the men other than Seward who were advising Abraham Lincoln, did not push the matter just at that time, but when the proper time came they did push it. All quarrels about money can be cured with money and all delay in curing them with money is measured by universal agreement by a rate of interest. 4 1 44 What a man may think of him, there is in the White House at this time one who has deep vision, long vision, and that means historic, educated vis ion and tender vision—by which I mean a vision which, after it sees and before it advises action, con siders thoughtfully not only American humanity but humanity all over the world. 99 FEEDSTUFF GOING UP AND COTTON GOING DOWN. The farmer who fails to plant plenty of corn, hay, peanuts, etc., and raise all the hogs and cattle possible, may well stop and ponder the inevitable result of the above caption, advises the Cotton and Cotton Oil News. No European war can affect the security of the man who owns forty acres and a mule, one or two cows, a half dozen shoats and a dozen hens and a red rooster. Far less of this world's goods have been the nucleus around whicü substantial rural fortunes have been built up. If men, situated as indicated above, raise all things for home consumption possible and a mod erate cotton crop, pick, gin and store same and sell it in a year's time instead of all at once, we will never have any worry about the price of cotton. If we do not raise corn and meat to run our farms we bundle the candle at both ends by creat ing a demand for corn and meat and glutting the market for cotton. If the cotton acreage is increased more than five per cent over last year we may see cotton under ten cents and corn over $1 and meat so high that only rich people and dining car waiters can afford to eat it. The one horse farmer is not the man who gluts the market with cotton and creates the biggest de mand for meat, corn and mules, because he does not raise them. It is the large cotton planters of Georgia, the Mississippi Delta and Texas, who plant for fifteen cents and if the seasons hit right get 8c or 9c for most of their crops. At this writing cotton is a drug on the market, while you cannot get enough corn, meat and mules, even at advancing prices. He who is wise will raise something to eat and some cotton. He who isn't wise will raise all cotton and expect to pay for his supplies out of the profits on same. Planters and farmers of Leflore county, what are you going to do about it? The Delta highway movement wOl go right- on^ and the road ^ L buflt Then the hill M Wm, LET US HAVE SHIPS TO CARRY COTTON TO MAÄKET Cotton i, „mawadtog fancy prices ta E luId and Enro ^ n countries . I( , w , fæilities were adequate itwoold M ta our market tIlàn - t ^ Preaident ^ the clear . . . . . V. . sta tesma nship, oresaw the 1 " ece3s,ty <0 f ï nr , e 1 i., 6 ™ ant t0 rurchase Bl11 - " that been enacted into law j* 8 beneficentoperation would n ° w be P n to be felt m the reduction of 006311 ^ freights and marine insur anc ® and cotton would be several C6nts higher at this time. A few obstructionists in the Democratic ma J ori ty in Congress, nine in all, a ^ ie£ l themselves with the Republi cans an< * defeated the measure, What the action of these nine men bas cost the South in depressing the price of cotton cannot be determined accurately. amounts to hundreds of millions. England has been transporting the bulk of our cotton across the oceans. Her merchantmen have been taken from ocean-carrying commerce and have been converted into armed cruis ers or battle ships. The scarcity of merchantmen is so great that freight room is not avail able for transporting cotton and it now costs fifteen dollars a bale to ship cotton to England. Had Presi dent Wilson's Ship Purchase Bill been passed by the last Congress, it is reasonable to estimate that this charge would now be reduced one half to the benefit of our cotton But it unquestionably growers. But President Wilson is no quitter. He has had another ship purchase bill introduced into this Congress and it will take more than half dozen recalcitrant Democratic congressmen to defeat a measure, the necessity for which cannot be ques tioned and the wisdom of which is made more and more manifest every day.—Cotton Oil (Dallas, Texas) News. Cotton and Cotton Oil News has the largest circulation of any agri cultural paper in the Cotton Belt, except possibly the Progressive Far mer, and is ably edited by one of the best informed men in the whole country. -o PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION Representatives Purvis, of Union county opposes calling a constitution al convention by the legislature. He has offered a bill to submit the question of a constitutional conven tion to the people and if a majority of the qualified electors vote in favor of it then the legislature will call it. The referendum has become the pop ular idea with many people in this period of the world's history and if it is a good thing at all certainly ft would be well to invoke it in so im portant a matter as calling a consti tutional convention to tinker with our fundamental law, says the Greenville Democrat. One particular provision of our constitution and laws is that a ma jority of the members of the legisla ture, voting, may call a constitutional convention to re-write the consti tution, entirely, while tlie majority of the members of the convention, thus called, may change every sentence of the constitution, frame an entirely new organic law, and declare it in force as a whole; while to amend one paragraph of the present constitu tion two thirds of the members of the legislature, voting, must support the resolutions proposing the change on three several days and then a ma jority of the voters must suport the amendment in a general election be fore it can be inserted into the con stitution. Thus it is that a new con stitution might be framed and de clared in force by the fiat of ninety members of the legislature and the dictum of a majority of the members of a constitutional convention, with out consulting the voters either be fore the convention was called or after it had ratified its own work. 11 -o HIGHWAY BILLS PENDING Jackson, Miss., Feb. 13.—Repre sentative W. S. Barry of Leflore County, who has a bill pending in the Legislature to authorize his county to raise and spend $600,000 for the purpose of perfecting its high way system, is much gratified at se curing a favorable report on his bill by the committee. There are other local bills of the same character pend ing, by the representatives of other counties, notably one for Washing ton County, which will most likely be passed. While these local bills are pending, there are also measures to promote state highway interests and upbuild ing to be worked in connection with counties and communities. The fate of these general bills is veiled in the clouds of uncertainty, and judging by the actions of that element in the Legislature that turned down a perfectly sound and modern game and fish law, the operation of which would entail no expense or draft on the general revenues, there is no as surance that a modern highway sys tem x&easure would fare any better. 9 -o Do you want to leva the truth about our Army, Navy and Coast—Defence- leasness? Se« M The Battle Cry of Peace'' at the Greenwood Theatre, Monday, Peb, gist. - -' : ' v|r " -- «.wS Je«M C purchased thé J. on the Boulevard H. It! itepfei i wm >5 Cop jn I gfct t«« by R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. .W |§i Why V ■ m ■ S Prince Albert meets men's tastes all over the world ! 1 .1:7i r«j !*j 11*1 i; [I] IKll! F»T»Tj IMS j»j [t mil The patented process makes Prince Albert so good in a pipe or rolled into a cigarette that its popularity is now uni versal! It satisfies all smoke desires ! This patented process, which also removes bite and parch, is controlled by us. No other tobacco can be like [tin F« MT T? :^U Pi Ft PROCESS PATENTED JULY 30™ 1907. " »/fi! Jp* > :§■ ' X# Wînston Salem. ? DOES NOT BITE THE TONGUE« |>rince Albert the national joy smoke Men who have stowed away gentle old jimmy pipes for years, have brought them back to the tune of Prince Alberti Get yours out , for your confidence never will be abused 1 We tell you Prince Albert will set pipe free the tenderest tongue ! And smoked in a makin's cigarette, Prince Albert is so refreshing and delightful that it gives you a new idea of cigarette happiness. Any way you fire-up Prince Albert, it will win you quick as a flash—it's so good and so friendly ! R. J. REYNOLDS TOBACCO CO., Winston-Salem, N. C. Listens It's cay to change the shape and color of unsalable brands to imitate the Prince Albert tidy red tin, bat it is impossible to imitate the flavor of Prince Albert tobacco ! The patented process protects that ! Prince Albert can be bought everywhere tobacco is sold — in toppy red bags. Sc; tidy red tins, lOc ; handsome pound and half-pound tin humidors and in that classy pound crystal-glass humidor with sponge-moistener top that keeps the tobacco in such fine condition t L«V & M SENATOR WILLIAMS' POSITION Senator John Sharp Williams, the Senior Senator from this State, and one of the best posted men in Con gress as well as one of the frankest, never fails to state his position on any question that the world may know where he stands, says the Clarion Ledger: Lately some of the constituents of Senator Williams have written him concerning legislative questions of more than passing interest, and, as usual, Senator Williams has replied with frankness, saying, "I regard myself as instructed by the people of Mississippi upon the prohibition question, and believing in represen tative government, I shall vote the will of the State of Mississippi. In regard to the question of child labor control by the Federal govern ment, Senator Williams declares he will not vote for it, asserting that he had voted and worked as hard as any one in behalf of sparing children from hard labor and crippling their mental and physical growth by being mode to work during the hours that they should be at play or study, but he is not in favor of permitting the Federal government to enter the State of Mississippi and dictate its factory laws. Continuing, Senator Williams says, If we have not a Legislature in Mis sissippi capable of rising to the occa sion and protecting the children of Mississipp, then help me and others, who have the children's welfare at heart, to elect a Legislature that will do that. Giving a reason for his opposition to turning the control of child labor over to the Federal goverment, Senator Williams says, "If we turn over the domestic affairs of the State of Mississippi to the Federal government, we turn it over not only for there is good in it, but for all that is bad, and I am not willing to have the people of the States of New York, and Pennsylvania dictate legis lation for those of Mississippi. He it. it ft the of of in of the be de the be or 99 11 99 99 o in his se bill the the a on as MISSISSIPPI PLANTATION MAR KETS 22 CARS STEERS St. Louis, Feb. 11,—Twenty-two cars of Mississippi steers, a total of 525 head sold Monday for the Missis sippi Delta Planting Co., Bolivar county, represented the largest single interest of fed cattle a southern ship per ever entrusted to these yards in one day. The sales are as follows: 23 head of grades, averaging 794 lbs, topping the southern classes at $7.40 per cwt; 30 head of grades 1035 lbs, $7.25; 155 head of ordinary Mississippi steers, 945 lbs, $6.90; 79 steers, 949 lbs, $6.85; 175 steers, 782 lbs, $6.65; 60 steers, 672 lbs, $6.50. This shipment made an excellent run to market over the Illinois Cen tral Railroad, having been loaded at 9 a. m. February 5th and covering the distance of 460 miles in 25 hours. These steers presented a motley ar ray of colors, but for uniformity in size and quality, considering numbers they broke all records for south eastern steers on this market. The entire drove had been picked up as feeders in eastern Mississippi and have been on feed of cottonseed hulls and cold pressed cottonseed cake for about four months. The magnitude of this transaction will give some idea of the extensive equipment and interest of the owners of the Mississippi Delta Planting Ço. Th» tojwera tootrofe a wi oftnft* of J. a total of 51,000 acres in the Delta of Mississippi their plantation in Bolivar county comprising 38,000 acres, beng under the supervision of J. W. Fox, a native Mississippian, former professor in the A. & M. College at Starkville and a man recognized throughout the South for his ability along agricultural lines. J. S. Shortle, purchasing agent for the company, was here today watch ing the disposition of the stock and looking over the market for the first time, all features of which proved of much interest and satisfaction. "The Mississippi Delta Planting Co. is," stated Mr. Shortle, "primarily a cotton producing concern and our feeding and marketing of these cat tle was only an experiment, to find our most profitable outlet for our cotton products which we manufac ture in our mills. All the feed con sumed by these cattle was raised on our own plantation, realize the value of diversified farm ing wherever practical, cotton and its products will continue to be our chief source of revenue and we are now planning to increase our yield with an improved and earlier matur While we j r A Perfect 7 (j -with your eyes shut * Fiddle-Bow self-rising Flo ur h READY MIXED *tQ .U.5. fw&orr. y XX, PJ \\'*T J JK - mm PM % C i ,* , GREENWOOD GROCERY CO, WfaoMb Distributors; FIDDLE-BOW SELF RISING FLOU :£• IMtNOYCASrSAlTO* V MpM I vi 'a A 1 Has the best Flour, baking powder and salt auto matically mixed in such perfect proportions, by scales wonder fully accurate, that it has to act just the same, every time. Be «are— order Fiddle and Bow Fiddle and Bow Flour sold by Leading Grocers •XX V. > ing variety. This last year about two thirds of our 38,000 acres was under cultivation, -o BANKS CLOSE NEXT TUESDAY. Customers of Wral banks needing pay rolls, currency shipments and transfers, and general banking facili ties, will please take note that the hanks in Greenwood will be closed on Tuesday, February 22, 1816, observing Washington's birthday, a legal holiday. The postoffice will also be closed on that date. Other than social functions being given on that date, and the "Colonial Luncheon" by the King's Daughters at the Memorial Building, no other prepared observance of the holiday will be made locally. No more fitting observance of the holiday could be given than the attendance upon the Colonial Luncheon, at which a most in teresting and patriotic program will in tersperse the luncheon. v -o— Do you know that complete Prepar edness is the only sure insurance against war? See "The Battle Cry of Peace" at the Greenwood Theatre, Monday, Feb. 21st.