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V v # THE COMMONWEALTH DAILY WEEK LY EDITION A Reliable Local Newspaper. WEEKLY J. L Gillespie, Editor and Publisher VOL. 21-NO. 42. GREENWOOD, LEFLORE COUNTY MISSISSIPPI, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1917 Subscription, $1.00 Year Cash. HUNS DIDN'T THINK AMERICA WOULD FIGHT Prie Adoo in Atlanta Ad dress Flays Slacker And Pro-German. PEACE CLUBS ARE DENOUNCED, Says Advocaters Hun Wolves in Hides of U. S. Traitors. c; Associated Press 24—Ger A TLA NT Oct. Ga., many's efforts to keep American ships off th" high seas through her ruthless submarine warfare was a direct blow nirrwi at th'* prosperity of American farms and of American business, Sec retary McAd address here today. .After reminding his hearers that America went to war in 1812 to vin V, 'ared in his liberty lay u-e her rh'ht to freedom of the seas i had steadfastly maintained it then, he continued: 'Why is that right so essential to s life and security? It is vve have always produced a - fÇ bee more than wo can consume at home. And the very prosperity of our peo pl-* ,their very life, in fact, depends upon their ability at all times to sell the ) J irplus in the open markets of rid." the wc Expected Only Protests. The German emperor, "had been led by disloyal people in this country to believe that America neveh would the secretary of the treasury continued, "and that any transgres sion of our rights would be met sim fight," ply by protests. America submitted and kept her ships off the seas, discord and dis Ameriean people would followed, Mr. McAdoo said, and Had content among have the German emperor by one stroke of his pen "more destruction farms, in American business houses and to Am erican interests all over this land than he could accomplish with all the arm ies and navies of the German empire. After telling what stoppage of Am x sea commerce would have meant in loss to cotton growers of the south, 1 of Germany's efforts to involve United States with Japan and Mexico through the Zimmerman in trigue. the secretary turned to ruth submarine warfare, and recited the stories of helpless men and wom en being drowned at sea. would have accomplished upon American American factories and in PI cri an the : America Justifid in Entering War. "Some man has said, or* is alleged to have justification many," the there be an American ,or any man in this land, whether he is an American or not, who knowing this record, says that we did not have justification for war with Germany, then yellow blood flows in his veins—he hasn't any red blood in him." Mr. McAdoo denounced those indiv iduals who would make peace with the r's government and the "alleged societies" in this country. merely "German wolves masquerading in the hides of Amer ican traitor of the former are deluded and simpb people and "some are in the pay of the kaiser." The Soldier's Part The Hard One. said, that America had no for this war with Ger secretary declared. it t . k : u Th. peace latter are he declared, while some The secretary, who has completed a tour through the west and south west in the interest of the liberty loan .said his trip had convinced him that America is awake to the fact that this country is waging a war for self preservation and knows that when the struggle is carried to a successf' 1 con clusion the liberty of the United States will never be imperilled again. After describing the liberty bond which the government is selling as having the entire country's guarantee * of safety of the principal—the money invested in it, the secretary added, "but America cannot assure her sol diers of their principal—their lives.' "The soldier does not ask the gov ernment to guarantee him safety, said Mr. McAdoo. "He expects to die if necessary, but he has a right to asl the civilian population to do this much for him—to arm him with the best gun that American money and Amer ican ingenuity can devise, a gun that will shoot faster and farther than any vet made, and give him the best 9» bayonet that can be forged by Amer ica's skill aid brawn. "It is the only chance he has for hi life. That is ail we can do for him Isn't^he entitled to it?" The $5,000,000,000 raised through the second liberty loan will be devot ed chiefly to this, the secretary said in closing, and "we shall end this thine forever, and America's liberties will be imperilled again. ft never -o -PR RENNIE RETURNS. Dr. Joseph Rennie has returned from Crystal Springs, where he hac been conducting a series of meetings at the Presbyterian church in that place for* the past week, and will hold the regular Wednesday night prayer meeting services at the Presbyterian church here tonight. buy a liberty bond. \ COTTON, GRAIN AND PROVISIONS New York Market 7 to 25 Pointa Up —New Orlean* 16 Poiata Up at Cloae. The New York cotton market closed this afternoon 7 to 25 points up; the New Orleans market closed 16 points up. The spot market closed in New York 40 points up and 25 up ia New Orleans. NEW YORK MARKET. Pr«v. Open High Low Close Close Dec 27.60 28 00 Jan 27.7« 27.46 Mch 26.85 27.14 Closed 7 to 25 up. New York Spots 29.90 - 40 up. 4, ve 27.60 26.13 26.83 27.90 27.65 27.29 27.22 Z7.01 26.94 NEW ORLEANS MARKET. Prw. Open High Low Close Close Dec 26.60 26.86 26.43 26.63 26.47 Jan 26.15 26.40 26.05 26.26 26.18 Mch 26.05 26.29 26.04 26M8 26.10 Closed 33 up. New Orleans Spots 27.75—25 up Sales-1319. LIVERPOOL MARKETS. Close Prev. Close 19.82 19.27 18.76 J an Mch . .19.86 .19.40 .19.00 Spots (Good Middling) 21.02. May CHICAGO GRAIN MARKET. doss Prsv. dose . 1.15 7-8 1.15 5-8 .68 7-8 68 1-2 CORN -Dec. OATS-Dec. CHICAGO PROVISIONS. Clos« Prev. Close 88.20 21.27 20.95 at PORK - Jan. .38.70 LARD—Jan. ..21.60 RIBS-Jan..-21.17 NEW YORK COTTON OIL MARKET Class FrevÆlsas 17.60 17.28 NoV. Jan . .17.85 .-17.88 GREENWOOD COTTON RECEIPTS. 121,495 112,434 30,024 49,946 . 8,411 8,839 19,462 . 24,945 1916-17 receipts . 1915-16 receipts . Since Sept. 1, 1917,. Same date last year . Week ending Oct. 18, 1917,. Same week last year . Stock on hand now . Same date last year. THE WEATHER U. S. DEPT. OF AGRICULTURE WEATHER BUREAU. Oct. 24, 1917. MISSISSIPPI — Fair Wednesday night and Thursday. Warmer Thurs uay. t Local Data, Greenwood, Misa. For the 24 Hours Ending at 7 A. M. temperature: Highest Lowest 59 degrees 27 degree* At 7 a. m. • 30 degrees 0.00 inches 1.2 (set 0.0 feet in Precipitation - - - River Stage,7 a. m - - Change in 24 hours— J. H. STEPHEN, Local Observer. THREE BILLION EXPECTED TODAY Big Liberty Loan Holiday Expected to Net Résulta-» Soldiers in France Buy. Associated Press WASHINGTON, Oct. 2 can business today gave way to the Liberty Loan campaign, proclaiming a noliday throughout the nation, the oc casion being marked by a general sus pension of trade. Millions of workers were released from tasks and turned their attention to the contributing of success to the Loan of the United States. Early reports indicated that the drive today, had attained its greatest intensity. -Araeri Expect Three BilKon Today. Reports from the reserve district headquarters today indicated that two billion, four hundred and sixty-five millioin dollars had been subscribed to the Liberty Loan at tha don ef business Met night. The Liberty Day drive is expected to bring the total to three billies dol lars, the minimum today. Army Subscribes. The American army in France'has subscribed move than a million and a half dollars to Ishorty BUY A L1WHTY 9WP. STATE NEGROES MADE OFFICERS Receive Commission From Des Moines Traninf School—Mississippi Has Four Officers. I I ! ! I Associated Press WASHINGTON, Oct. 24—Names of negro officers commissions in the army after training with the Seven- i teenth Provisional Training Regiment at Fort Des Moines, Iowa., were an nounced today by the Adjutant Gener al. They are about 650 in number of which 133 states. A large number are from this city. are from southeastern All these negro officers have been assigned to camps in the north and. middle west, most of those from the 1 •outh being sent to Fort Dodge, Iowa, and Camp Grant, Illinois. Their panies will be made up of negroes, j Georgia, with 41, leads all southeas-1 tern states in the number of negro officer* given commissions. Most of them are from Atlanta. The other states rank as follows: Virginia and North Carolina, 17 each; South Car olina, 16; Arkansas, 10; Florida 9; Alabama 9; Tennessee 8; Mississippi 4, and Louisiana 2. The following negroes from Missis sippi were commissioned: Oscar C. Brown, first lieutenant, officers reser ve corps, of Edwards, Miss. Hubert M. Moman, second lieutenant, Touga loo, Miss. Jno. M. Moore, second lieutenant, Meridian, Miss. Walter W. ; Scott .second lieutenant, Brooksville, Miss. o LAW IS UPHELD. Ruling Which Makes Washington Dry Held ConstitutionaL Associated Press WASHINGTON, Oct. 24—The law which makes Washington dry on No vember 1, is held constitutional by the local spreme court. -o Cotton Sample Coupon Cards— Blue, Rad and Cream Colors —for sale at The Daily Commonwealth office. «£«♦*« «£-»«£* k ■ v *;* *;♦ 4*4*4* 4* 4*4* 4* *•;• 4* *»• 4* *:* *> *:* *;* 4* *;* -x- *•;• *;♦ *;* *:■ 4 * 4*4*4* 4* 4 * 4 * •;* 4 * »> *;■ •:* *> 4 * 4 * V * ♦> A We Will Accept LIBERTY BONDS at Face Value for all Premiums and Accounts Due Us. The Delta Insurance & Realty Co nc. •9 t V >❖❖❖❖* >* 4*' 4*4* TODAY IS LIBERTY LOAN DAY. —z WASHINGTON, Oct. 24—Through out the country today American citi zens are celebrating Liberty Loan Day in honor of the second campaign to Union A ciated Press a* s i The F irst N ational Bank * : • • • • I ! Recommends S • 5 ?! Liberty Loan Bonds « as the safest investment on Earth 6 • S • % ••••••• tf MM tf M W +f W ■ .. * * mf INDIVIDUAL BOND PURCHASES HERE ARE ENTIRELY TOO SMALL Greenwood and Leflore County idents in number have subscribed splendidly to the second Liberty Loan bond issue, but the individual subscrip, I tions have not been as large as they I should, is the result of the meeting held this morning at 11 o'clock, as as certained by a general survey of the ! reports of subscriptions up to that ! time. I Practically $300,000 has been sub scribed. Leflore's quota is $523,000. Three days yet remain in which the balance, $223,000 MUST be invested in Liberty Loan bonds of the second issue. i 1 , ,, , _ , . , . . j5T an< * upon tne red-blooded citizens of com-1county, j made up according to the valuation ; This is practically a patriotic de Leflore's quota of $523,000 was of the county. The assessment was made according to those apportioned to other neighboring counties. Wash- : ington county, a neighboring section to Leflore, has already subscribed its quota. Many other counties have done the same thing. It's up to Leflore. ! The full $523,000 must be invested in Liberty Loan bonds. j This issue of bonds by the United States government is made for the purpose of carrying on the war to a j successful conclusion. It is absolute- j ly necessary and just as necessary is ! Leflore county's part in "doing its bit." The money is going to be rais ed. It MUST be raised. What Le flore patriots want to see is an invest ment made voluntarily—not a event ual commendered or conscripted one. Committeemen report that a num ber of citizens subscribe small amounts, when it is publicly known that these individuals could conven ently invest from twenty-five to fifty times more in Liberty Loan bonds. This seems to be the snag in the progress of Leflore county work. this snag should he removed. The quicker the better. 1 lie amount subscribed is $300,000| The quota is $523,000. Two hupdred and twenty-three thou ; A float a huge loan to help the United States win the war. President Wil son has asked that patriotic célébra - tions be held throughout the country, A halt 1 day has been granted to all employees of the federal government ; in every part of the United States, ex res-;sand dollars yet remain to be invested by honest-to-goodness Americans of j Leflore county m Liberty Loan Bonds of the second issue. More Negro Subscriptions. After all has been sa.d and done, the loyalty of the negro in A e purch ase of government bonds stands pre dominantly paramount. Mr. O. C. Neiii, of Whaley, returned yesterday afternoon from his planta tion over in Washington county, where he sold every negro on his place Lib erty Loan bonds, with the exception of two, who were really unable to make the purhease. As Congressman Humphreys put it in his eloquent speech here Monday night, "Disloyalty is not. a character istic of the negro. 12-Year Old Girl Buys Bonds. Little Daisy Locke Crowell, the in teresting little twelve-year old daugh n : t er °f Mrs. Daisy Locke Crowell has just purchased a hundred-döllar Lib e rty Loan bond, This little American enthusiast has ! the spirit of the day and her invest ment is a demonstration of hundred P e r cent, patriotism and unfailing love j for Old Glory. Here's a worthy lesson for older residents to follow, j j ! The following is a partial list of subscriptions that have been reported so ^ ar - Others will follow tomorrow. T. J. Phillips . Abe Silver . John A. Kiriao . G. L. Ray . Mrs. G. L. Ray . Eloise Johnson . Greenwood Grocery Co W. E. Fox . R. E. Avent .. J. H. Lucas . Chas. J. Jones . R. W. Baird Partial List of Subscriptions. $ 500 500 400 800 100 250 10000 400 500 1 30 100 5000 - . 2000 .* 5000 250 G. P. Elliott . ; Mrs. Hannis Sanders .... Ed Moss . (Continued on Page Eight) - cept those whose services cannot be dispensed with, to participate in the ceremonies. "Let the result be so im pressive," the President urges, "that it will echo throughout the empire of our enemy as an index of what Amer ica intends to do to bring this way to FEDERAL BOARD SETTLES STRIKES Some Three Hundred Strikers, Involv ing Six Hundred Thousand Men, Settled. Associated Press WASHINGTON, Oct. 24 — A three hundred strikers, involving hundred thousand men have dir or indirectly been settled by the eral mediators since the begiuni : war. VTt I Only forty-five attempts f o me ! were unsuccessful. o WAR RATION IS Only Five Pounds of Sugar to Cus tomer Allowed Among New York Retailers. Associated Press NEW YORK, Oct. 24—The first wa ration went into effect here today in retail stores throughout the ctiv, re stricting the sale of sugar 'to five pounds to the customer. PRINCIPAL FOODS ADVANCE. Associated Press WASHINGTON, Oct. pilation of price bed tics show that the principal article o: food has advanced thirty-three per cent, this year. 24— A u labor st; hi COTTi •o STUDENTS ON STRIKE. Associated Press PETROGRAD, Oct. 24—A Tiflis 1 patch says that a strike has been ed by the pupils of the intermediär schools, ihis is the effect of the <u mand of a right to have represe i tives to participate in the adminsitre tion affairs of schools. . ' a victorious conclusion." Citizens are requested to pass time of day. with casual neighbors r. the query, "Have you bought your L S> of erty Bond?" The countersign is, "Yes, have you?" Pleasant and roman!, enco'unters are predicted. th FRENCH SMASH GERMAN LINES FOR BIG GAIN Political Affairs in Ger many Brewing* — To Name Chancellor. ITALIAN ATTACK BEING PREPARED Germans and Austrian Makng* Ready for Bainsizza Offensive. Associated Press Smash in r along x-mile front the German lines northeast of ■Soissona, the French have made im oortanl gains and completed an eflfec *■ 'v st'*p toward Loam, in the southern Hindenburg line and icceeded in capturing seventy prisoners and tvventy a nmy ! •\ve .s hundred guns. one place the and one-fifth At French advanced miles. wo the crown prince the blow may prove the most 'us Verdun defeat. I severe suffered since In the fighting he Germans lo<t several divisions of heir best troops. Pclilical Affairs Brewing. Political affairs îthh Germany are with the return of the to Berlin. All parties seem mi ned that Chancellor Michaelis hardly probable that e emperor wi 1 oppose this agitation W hether or not another Prus u bureaucrat will be in 11 emperor deb It i ! n ■o. appointed, it leaders von Buelow, former chancellor, opposition is strong. Some not favor ear. out tne socialist G MAN TROOPS WITHDRAW. Associated Press BERLIN, Oct. 24 The army head quarters announces that the German roeps have been withdrawn on a wide the Gulf of Riga and iront between Dvina, without interruption. HVSS GAIN» ON BAINSIZZA. Associated Press BERLIN, Oct. 24 offensive has been An Austro-Ger instituted on •he Italian Iront, the army headquar The German-Austrian nan ers announces, infantry this morning northern portion of Plateau. captured the the Bainsizza -o GERMANS CONCENTRATING ON ITALIAN FRONT. * Associated Press 24—The Austrians are strong forces on the irmy headquarters number of the ed together are ROME, Oct concentrating Italian front, the announces. A large tr ■oops being ermans. An oiiicial war eclares that the lraiian forces rea ed, when the nth 1 I ' office announcement enemy will find the dy and well prepar iffensive is launched. PERSHING W AS THERE. Associated Press t ME RICAN TRAINING CAMP IN ANGE, Oct. 24 lpanied the French ! Gen. Pershing general as German lines eh attack on the Aisne front i v oc far the re is the seconi in itly. MICHAELIS IS READY. Associated Press NDON, Oct 4—An Amsterdam ii.snatch by wireless to the Press says nut German chancellor Michaelis has •laced his portifolo in the hands of s me emperor. i PLEADS FOR UNION OF RUSS. Associated Press PETROGRAD, Oet.. 24 — Nikitin, minister of the interior, in a proclama Lion, pleads for all classes of popula t on to "unite against the increasing ' anarchy, which is driving the country to ruin." : ! EXPËC Associated Press AIR RAIDS. GENEVA, Oct. I reprisal air raids, the number of anti I air craft guns have been doubled in wns and cities along the Rhine. The these hamlets and cities e been summoned to a meeting, at lary measures Anticipating 24 of yors S • ! which these precautioi 5 will be explained. ?! BOUKHONIN MAY COMMAND. ociated Press D, Oct. '24—The news tiiat Kerensky will prob i .bly relinquish his post as commander I n chief of the army to Gen. Bouk honin«at the end of the week. I TROGR « : FRENCH TAKE 8,000. Associated Press PARIS, Oct. 24—The war office an nounces that the number of taken by the French northeast of Sois sion will reach eight thousand. prisoners -o ODD FELLOWS MEET TONIGHT. 6 The local Odd Fellows Lodge will • neet tonight at the lodge rooms at S 3:30 o'clock. • This is an important meeting and % i all members are urgently requested iQ^jto bp present.