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Daily and Weekly. THE V. L. GILLESPIE. Editor. iuPilON Si .00 A YEAR CASH IN ADVANCE. wintered at Greenwood postoffice as second-class matter. F LTTSIVE OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF CITY COUNCIL. ; U AL JOURNAL OF LEFLORE COUNTY. WEEKLY EDITION. 1 ( IEENWOOD, MISS., OCT. 24, 1917. LIVING UNDER A DELUSION. the present conflict burst upon the world humanity— democratic humanity—was asleep. It' was a sleep that had lasted since Washington and' i a c muffin army had first "made the world; . me l'or democracy. * « i. His work had been done | and weil done, and Americans had for more than a ' ■nt-.irv been living under the delusion that there! was nothing more to do in the cause of human freedom J 'ran the establishment of this republic, ora tors and writers have never tired of ringing the g. s on the glorious privileges of American They are instilled into us from the'^ kindergarten to the college. They are the daiiy pabulum upon which our Americanism is nourish >> C< i 1.01 lip. r i he world cataclysm found us making a fetish of our "rights" and "privileges, trcmoly jealous pf them, and resented any in i .i g ment of them with the fierceness of a brood- 1 .g hen. We were proud of them, and flaunted ! n the face of our less fortunate neighbors ; e water. I 9f We were ex But one thing we had forgotten, namely, that Uisb had paid a price for these priceless blessings of liberty; somebody had purchased them, and we were not that somebody of some bodies. They had been purchased by BLOOD, but as WE had not shed that blood, we had never ! ;> -.predated the value of the purchase. i À we are only just beginning to grasp the iua that our revolutionary sires, when they had marched through blood to the goal of their in spiration, bequeathed to us, their descendants, not only the glorious blessings of liberty, but by thei side of it and hand in hand with it, THE DUTY OF PRESERVING IT IN ITS PURITY AS RE CEIVED. ùO.Ui . 1 ' This duty is looming larger and larger clear- 1 er and clearer, as the days go by. We are be-l ginning to recognize the truth that if ALL would enjoy ALL must serve You and I—should eith-j er be favored at the expense of the other? Your 1 boy and my boy— have not both been the recip ients of the same protection and fostering care, 1 and shall my son refuse to make the sacrifice while r OU r son bares his breast to the storm? ! mere is a theory that gold that most precious ' of metals, was at one time deep hidden in the cen ter of this globe, but that the violent internal r-cnvul,sions to which the old ball has been sub-! 1 jected have thrown it to the surface If the pres- ! ent social convulsion shall be the means of bring-' ing to the surface of human character the pure! gold of sacrifice and an appreciation of the duty of V the individual to society, great good will come of; * : a ] s we are called upon to endure ÇAFF FOR nFMOFRArv" T ^ lytttAt i . just at this time the world is anxiously inquir mg the inward meaning of President Wilsons im mortal phrase, "safe for democracy." v hat is safe, and just what is "demo In the first place, safety, while it must contain the element of freedom, must NOT grant license. ' e Safety means security—of the individual, the . the community, the state, the nation, the .vo. Id—security from the FORCEFUL encroach That duty has never been lifted from our shoulders, and never will be, unless we shall so far fall short as to cease to value the fruits of the sacrifices so cheerfully made by those old heroes of the long ago. i 4 .*. cracy ?" ni T _ ■ , Lll ; e "; ,s ® democracy mcans freedom of the jh 6 gr ° w' f he J 0mmun f y ' th . e State ; th /," at ' he «^Id-freedom "the enjoyment 0 of hfe liberty and the pursuit of happiness SAFETY fndTe'suhln fnarchy ' Therefore free* / . h Vv ^? y * Aheretore tree - horn must be bounded by e J ud;y ii V1I r pn f ciple of RIGI ^T decrees that, none shall climb to success on the downfall of another. Your brother s unmerited loss must not be your gam. And this must apply not only to individuals, but to voluntary groups, communities, states, nations. It must be world-wide. Given a world-wide recognition of this princi pie, we have the very essence of democracy. When all individuals and grbups shall recog nize the RIGHTS of other individuals and groups, and concede them, then will the world be "safe for democracy. If any are inclined to paraphrase Pilate and ask, What is Right?" we would answer, an EQU ITABLE allotment of the opportunities of earth and of life ment of others. It MUST carry with it exemp tion from violence. g 99 n LIBERTY LOAN SAFE. Despite the decrease in values of bonds, the safety of the Liberty Loan is in no way impaired. It will be a success merely because it must be a success. There is enough financial patriotism in the country to make it successful. With every nervous stock and bond holder in the country eliminated, there is still bond buying power enough left to ,tejf€ five bülions of the loan. Thiä is an indication of the strength of our j ôountrÿ and thd* power lyi$£ behind oiir cause— the power that means ultimate victory. , £ancing to strike music is always costly. jKft HIGH prices and community co-opera , , ,, . , We are inclined to view the present era of high prices as conducing entirely to the benefit of the farmer, and to regard him as a very fortunate m dividual True, he is more fortunate than he has been m times past, but while he has been relieved of some burdens he has been saddled with others, Not all the high prices have henefitted him. We are too TION. the farmer as living i&rm and off its products. In true, but in another sense not. uö exchanged for commodities j t to view entirely on the one sense this i While- his mea those means mu 1 that do not come ns come from the farm, much of 1 . irom the farm. : The iarmer must wear clothes, and these must come from the manufacturers and merchants. He must have farm implements, and these he cannot | make \ He must have "Wm and buggies, and, ' ^5, he is '° enjoy life as his city brother, automo b ' e3 ' and ti ' e .f;™ cs of these a f * cles are soaring ln c ° mpan ,' ' vur! the Products of his farm. .. , " ,lat " e sta,ted out to remark was tha * j' mer * T ^ lar «. e . measure meet and over ,® effecta of the '"S* prlces ° f fa ™ lmple - "*"*?; , ' ve ' 1 - pla ™ ed ° £ «»-operation. d . ks as thou L h thls plan "-'I 11 have to " d ri ° P ', Tlle (iemand Ior " ar supplies has di I^wt» 77 of , many t larg f factories, and a shortage of farm implements is freely predicted, In this event co-operation in the purchase and use of the more costly of farm tools will prove i not only practicable but profitable. There are (many tools used on the farm, where one impie ment may be made to do the work of several farms. Every farmer knows what they are, and it is un neccessary to enumerate them. We merely would impress the tact that whereever these can be own ed and operated co-operatively, it is not only econ omy to do so, but it is also of read benefit to the country in this crisis. Every ounce of energy that can be di\ 1 I ed form the manufacture of farm supplies can be devoted to the manufacture of government supplies. this matter serious consideration this fall, while planning for that record crop that will be needed Every community in our country should give ' next year. TREASON AND THE LIBERTY LOAN. The support of the government is the citizen's supremest duty. It transcends every obligation. To neglect it or fail in its performance when the nation is at war is treason. There is no option about it. It is a duty imposed by the organic law of the land. To disregard it is a crime against 1 the g0vernment ' our felIows ancl ourselves. And the ?, X J ent of our abillty to subscribe to the "lib e ] loan 1S not t0 be measul 'e d by our excess 0i iaC ° me over 0utg0 111 times of peace ' 1 1 By conscription we are compelling our young ™ en t0 JOm tne army and face possible death - 1 ^ T * ^1™®° n ° cho "®*. 0f them we de ™ and ^eli-surrender. If it is refused or evaded ! to J they 8 °' Can we ' shouId we > Wl11 we > who ' ^ left behmd 111 the comfort and safety tha t Val ° r secures to lls hesitate a single moment u deprive ourselves oi anything and everything 1 we can cl ° without that they may be provided ! and equipped Wlth a11 they need and whatever is ? ecessary to brm £ thls tnghtful carnage speedily ïu ? +l x V The . man or the woman who now fails to reduce S ° r 1Gr exp ? duure , to the lowest P ossi ble minimum consistent with decency and health, and to buy government bonds with all he or she can SaVe ° r make is guiIty of treason - Let there be no mistake aboufijhis. Bring yourself to an un derstanding of this fact and act upon it. Then make all those you come in contact with under sta nd it also. When the roll of those who have helped the nation with their money according to their ability to make or save is called, every adult in the United States should be present ' e d for. be titled to i or account Those whose absence is unexplained will unworthy citizens of this country and unen _ _ enjoy the r best government that men have yet devised.— Commerce and Finance. ection and benefits of the : A DUTY AND A PRIVILEGE. The people ale called on to help with the sec 0 nd bond issue of the LIBERTY LOAN and will not be found wanting. The organization work in the Nmth Fédérai Reserve district is complete. In every county and town loyal citizens, women as well as men, are making preparations to do their share. The least that we who stay at home can do is to help furnish money to keep our boys in the field fed, clothed and armed while they fight for us. Can you step into a bank a few doors from home and in buying a bond that is as good as gold and pays you 4 per cent, imagine you are making a sacrifice ? to . ! What does that mean m comparison to the men who are giving perhaps * their legs, their arms, their eyes, their lives, if necessary? .Or how does the simple act ol making a safe investment stack up with the giving of the selected men, many of whom left their families and good businesses to: g ° ° milltary camps ? . mere is no comparison. There is no excuse.' We must buy our LIBERTY BONDS and be glad ! that we are thus permitted to help. Think of a man who can t or won't fight for his country and then turns his back on her securities ! Old Europe is dead", declares Senator Fletch er. Maybe so, but tlie Senator must admit that it's having a lively wake, « ™ « Russia may have let that German army into Riga merely as an experiment in cold storage. ii t Nevertheless and notwithstanding, talk of "broomstick'preparedness" will win no battles. Pa They want Wilson to visit Europe, but Amer jKft pan't spare him dhth the Hubs are teme^L THE MONROE DOCTRINE. T . Every now and then w e »re met by the criti-! cism that in entering the European war we are running counter to the Monroe Doctrine. I These same critics would have us believe that: this country has entered the conflict for the pur-! pose of punishing one set of belligerents and av-j enging another set. 1 he country should get right on this matter and forever silence the tongues of those who byj these aruments would clog the wheels of progress: at this time. . Taking the latter count first, this country has no intention of punishing any nation, nor of aveng It has, however, a firm determination j of : mg any. that the atrociti es visited upon Belgium and oth er invaded countries shall have no chance of a du plication here. German apologists seem to forget that this country had ample cause for war before war was declared—cause consisting of Germany's aggres-| sions on this country and on its citizens. Many' * innocent American lives had been sacrificed to her unlawful and outrageous methods, and many in - dignities suffered, before this country decided to; put a stop to them by force of to The wlle >' plea that we *°'mr to war to: avenge wrongs of other peoples will not Could that be established, it would really place m an unenviable light. arms. avail, attitude of overriding a principle of action that for more than a century has been a veritable beacon star by which we have steered our national! course—this same Monroe Doctrine. We listen with horror to a recital of German atrocities in Belgium, and a thought that such' might come to our land and our people will no doubt nerve the arms of our fighting men. But these are in no sense the impelling motive of*our! action. That action was prompted by a condition that had grown intolerable —a condition of affairs US It would place us in the of entirely between this country and that, and hav-! mg no relation to the affairs of any other country or people. And as the days pass and new chapters are' added to the record of German intrigue, we can but marvel that those in authority in our government' held their hands as long as they did. President Wilson has stated the matter clear ly—the EARTH must be made safe for democracy, It most certainly is not so now. American bond issues before next July will to-' tal $14,000,000,000, according to Frank Vander-| lip, president of the National City Bank of New' York—and Vanderlip, as head of the country's largest financial institution, should be in a posi tion to know. 1 In addltlon ' °ur banks will be called upon to absorb $900,000,000 m treasury certificates; they - have aiready absorbed one-third of that figure. The bond lssues will be in addition to the bil lions in war taxes. It is estimated that the first year of the war t wdl cost the Uni ted States $21,000,000,000, so that the total of estimated bonds and war taxes! still leaves a "comfortable" balance unprovided tor . These figures are cited to impress readers with; the enormity of the war financing we will have to undergo It is essential that we know it and pro vide and prepare for it accordingly. Considering that the entire wealth of the coun try amounts to $240,000,000,000, it will be seem that we are by no means sacrificing everything in' this war as yet. We have still enough leeway toj put the crimp in the kaiser, no matter how long it takes to do it. works of aeroplanes. OUR BOND ISSUES. a LUMBER SHORTAGE. There is a serious lack of wood for the frame The fact that only spruce of a certain variety can be used for this purpose indicates that shortage means that some substitute will have to be found. The Allied governments have already contract ed for all the aeroplane spruce in this country, : having done so before America entered the |ln order to proceed with our aeroplane construc tion, therefore, wg-will have to build new mills and] And new timber tracts of a sort that will fill the 1 bill. j A similar difficulty was encountered when it' was desired to build wooden ships for the govern- ment's merchant fleet, only in the case of ships green wood could be utilized. It was the lack of sufficient timber, it was said, that had much to do with the government switching to steel ships, war. i MEXICO MORE FRIENDLY. Gen. A1 varo Obregon, former minister of war ! of Mexico, says the efforts by Germany to foment] ill-feeling in Mexico against the United States is; being squelched by Carranza. We hope the general is right. He is traveling 1 in the United States, and during the two months of his tour will be accompanied by Major Harvey W. Miller, U. S. A., former teacher of Spanish at w est Point. The fact that the American government ten ! ders an official military escort to the Mexican gen eral indicates that more friendly relations than those of a year ago have been developed, There is no reason why the friendly feeling between Mexicans and Americans should not be as sincere as that between Canada and the United States. ^ "Liberty'oxygen" perfected by the medical corps of the army, is another long step towards American control of the air. The general says Mexico wants no more fight t ing, but wants friendship with the United States instead. We'll go 50-50 on that proposition, make each of hj ,* "offensives" true to the It is suspicioned that Gen. Haig is seeking to T HOW TO BUY LIBERTY BONDS. Q. How much do bonds of the second liberty loan cost? ( I A. From $50 to $ 100 , 000 , whatever their face ; value calls for. The law stetes that these bonds must be sold at not less than «par;" that is, their face value—100 cents on the dollar, Q. How can I buy the bonds of the second liberty loan ? A. By filling out an application blank and handing it to any bank or trust company, bond dealer or broker, or to one of the Fédéral reserve banks, or to the Treasury Department at Wash ington. Q. When can this application for bonds be made? A. At any time from the 1st day of October to the close of business on October 27th, 1917. Q. In what form must application to buy a lib erty bond be made ? A. All applications must be in the form pre scribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, obtain able at the bank or from a liberty loan commit tee.' to; to: Q. Must the full price of bonds be paid on application ? A. No; only 2 per cent, of the amount you j want to buy is required when application is made. Q. When must the remainder be paid? A. In installments as follows,; 18 per cent, on November 15, 1917; 40 per cent, on December 15, 1917 ; and 40 per cent, on January 15, 1918. Q. Can I buy a bond on the stallment plan by paying for it weekly or monthly ? A. The Treasury Department will not accept payments in this manner, but many banks and a great many employers will sell you a bond and al low you to pay for it in partial payments. If you desire to pay for your bonds in this way, 1 ; suit employer or any banker, con Q. When will the subscribers know how many bonds they will receive on their subscriptions? A. The Secretary of the Treasury will announce this about the 6th of November, 1917. known as making the "allotment, ■ ' Q. Must all subscribers to liberty bonds wait until the allotment is made to know whether or not they will receive their bonds? This is A. No; a subscriber for bonds up to $1,000 is certain to receive his bond. Q. If I desire to pay for the bonds at the time I make my subscription, may I do so ? A. Yes ; you can pay in full for any bonds you buy up to and including $1,000; but subscribers for more than this amount must wait until the allot ment is made. THE DECEMBER CONGRESS, The "regular" session of the 65th Congress— beginning Dec. 3—will not be the important ses sion that the "War Congress" happened to be, but will be more like the session to which we were accustomed prior to the outbreak of the war. It will clean up any fag ends of war legisla .tion—if any-^and will tackle yarious domestic questions that the War Congress could not handle, Questions relating to railroads, coal, prohibi tion, will be favorites. The prohibition amdhd ment to the Constitution has passed the Senate and will come up in the House. Action is also probable on the woman's suffrage amendment to the Constitution, while department budgets will be met with in great profusion, In addition to the foregoing important ques tion, numberless congressmen will deliver speech es for home consumption, so as to prepare for the following congressional elections. THE TEST. There are only two classes of people in the Un ited States at this time : Those who are for the Government in its pro ecution of the war. Those who in any way would hamper the Gov ernmejnt in its prosecution of the war. To be for the Government now is to be for the country. To be against the Government now is to be against the Country. One is for his country in time of war is a pa One who is against his country in time of 1 is a traitor j As Governor Lowden of Illinois says: "Why blink facts in times like these?''—The Value World, troit. war i THE WAR AND RAILROADS. American railroads have been sending out pleasant descriptions of the remarkable work they are doing to win the war—how they are run as one great system and are operating more eflicient ly than ever before. Along comes the Conference Committee on National Preparedness in Washington and lets fly this startling statement: "The exigencies of war 1 may force government ownership of the Ameri can railroads in the surprisingly near future. Not only is ship tonnage inadequate to war's demands but the whole transportation system of America is bending and may break under the strain of our first year at war. The railroads and their critics_if they may be termed such—never could agree, a There are retailers who not only keep pace with raising wholesale prices but anticipate them. in Teddy is by no means alc$£ in- J^lieving the training camps to be A1 man-making plants. With so much of the country "dry", there should be a fortune in a patent "eye-opener. te te te Somebody might remind Gen. Haig that Nappy once said: "I made my generals out of mud." ^ J . Germany was prepared to start the war: U. S. tsjumring te and iVaad eodit ( ^ ; 15 BIG S HIP S IN GERMANS LOSE RIGA FIGHTING Huns Hold "Three Big Islands, While Russ Guard Fin Entrance. Associated Press Fifteen German fighting ships put out of commission last week in the Gulf of Riga, according to a Russian statement. The Russians are now pro tecting the southern entrance to the Gulf of Finland. Oesel, Moon ar.d r a g_ islands are now in possession of the Germans, who claim to have cantured twenty thousand Russian and a hundred guns. A Stockholm report Germans are gathering a number sub marines around eastern Denmark an ticipating the attempt of the entente fleet to force its way into the Baltic. British Flyers Effective. wore co prisoners savs that the a British aerial activity on the Flnn ders front in unabated, seven tons of bombs have been dropp ed on railway centers and fifteen Ger man airplanes have been downed. The British have lost, in all, a total of eight machines. Minor operations by the British the Flanders front successful. More than on yesterday They are holding all im portant positions gained in the offen sive launched on the German lines in Belgium. In these operations Field Marshal Haig reports heavy casualties indict ed on the Germans. re o MANY ZEPPELINS ARE DESTROYED German Squadron of Super-Zeppelins Loses Many Machines in Satur day's London Raid. Associated Press WASHINGTON, Oct. 23—Germany probably lost half of her total effective fleet of super-Zeppelins in Saturday's flight over England, according to offi cial cablegrams. It is declared that the greatest tie feat administered an air fleet since the beginning of the war was the posed on the Hun squadron Saturday by the British. Gratification over this result is in tense, because it is known that this was Germany's attempt to carry out her fearful threat of one im vengeance. SCANDINAVIANS WILL PROTEST * Riled Over Ruthless Ravages of II Subs on Neutral Steamers Last Wednesday. ii a Associated Press LONDON, Oct. 23 The Morning Press published a Stockholm dispatch asserting that it is expected that a joint Scandinavian protest lodged against the Germans for the sinking of neutral steamers und convoy in the North sea last Wednes day. will be er Y. M. C. A. MEET CHANGED. Date of War Work Committee Raised From Oct. 25 to Oct. 30. GREENVILLE Miss., Oct. 23— Chairman LeRoy Percy, of the Missis sippi Y. M. C. A. war work committee announced here today that the state general meeting in the interest of the war fund previously set for Oct. 25 has been postponed until Oct. 30. It will be held on the later date at Jack son and Mr. Percy is sending out _ many letter to prominent men of the state urging them to attend. At a meeting here today of a num ber of members of the state commit tee, it was decided that the change of date was advisable. Those notified by letter of the earlier date are asked to take notice of the change. More complete announcements of the meeting, which is to discuss plans for raising Mississippi's allotment of funds for the Y. M. C. A. war work, will be announced later. MOVIE" EXHIBITORS ARE PA TRIOTIC. WASHINGTON, D. C., October 23. —The United State Civil Service Com mission has received an expression of the patriotism of practically all the exhibitors of motion pictures in the United States. The Government is in need of thousands of typewriter oper ators and stenographers of both for the war work in Washington, and through its 3,000 local boards of ex aminers in that many cities, the Com mission requested the managers of motion picture theatres to allow free of charge ment on their screens of this need of the Government, so few as to be negligible. sexes owners and an announce The refusals were NEW MEXICO EXPECTED TO GO DRY WITH WOMEN'S HELP. SANTE FE, N. W., Oct. 23—While women cannot vote in New Mexico, they are taking the most active part in the campaign this year that they have ever taken. Pracitcally all of the women's clubs are behind the pro hibition movement and a decisive vic tory is predicted on November 6. Associated Press WASHINGTON, Oct .23—The Post offiea Department announced today that gifts for American soid-ors ? Fiance must be restricted to se en o NO BULKY XMAS GIFTS.