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The commonwealth. (Greenwood, Miss.) 1896-1923, October 24, 1917, WEEKLY EDITION, Image 4

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Daily and Weekly.
V. L. GILLESPIE. Editor.
wintered at Greenwood postoffice as second-class matter.
( IEENWOOD, MISS., OCT. 24, 1917.
the present conflict burst upon the world
humanity— democratic humanity—was asleep. It'
was a sleep that had lasted since Washington and'
i a c muffin army had first "made the world;
. me l'or democracy.
* « i.
His work had been done |
and weil done, and Americans had for more than a '
■nt-.irv been living under the delusion that there!
was nothing more to do in the cause of human
J 'ran the establishment of this republic, ora
tors and writers have never tired of ringing the
g. s on the glorious privileges of American
They are instilled into us from the'^
kindergarten to the college. They are the daiiy
pabulum upon which our Americanism is nourish
1.01 lip.
r i he world cataclysm found us making a fetish
of our "rights" and "privileges,
trcmoly jealous pf them, and resented any in
i .i g ment of them with the fierceness of a brood- 1
.g hen. We were proud of them, and flaunted
! n the face of our less fortunate neighbors
; e water. I
We were ex
But one thing we had forgotten, namely, that
Uisb had paid a price for these priceless
blessings of liberty; somebody had purchased
them, and we were not that somebody of some
bodies. They had been purchased by BLOOD,
but as WE had not shed that blood, we had never
! ;> -.predated the value of the purchase.
i À we are only just beginning to grasp the
iua that our revolutionary sires, when they had
marched through blood to the goal of their in
spiration, bequeathed to us, their descendants, not
only the glorious blessings of liberty, but by thei
side of it and hand in hand with it, THE DUTY
ùO.Ui . 1
This duty is looming larger and larger clear- 1
er and clearer, as the days go by. We are be-l
ginning to recognize the truth that if ALL would
enjoy ALL must serve You and I—should eith-j
er be favored at the expense of the other? Your 1
boy and my boy— have not both been the recip
ients of the same protection and fostering care, 1
and shall my son refuse to make the sacrifice while
r OU r son bares his breast to the storm? !
mere is a theory that gold that most precious '
of metals, was at one time deep hidden in the cen
ter of this globe, but that the violent internal
r-cnvul,sions to which the old ball has been sub-! 1
jected have thrown it to the surface If the pres- !
ent social convulsion shall be the means of bring-'
ing to the surface of human character the pure!
gold of sacrifice and an appreciation of the duty of V
the individual to society, great good will come of;
* : a ] s we are called upon to endure
T ^ lytttAt i .
just at this time the world is anxiously inquir
mg the inward meaning of President Wilsons im
mortal phrase, "safe for democracy."
v hat is safe, and just what is "demo
In the first place, safety, while it must contain
the element of freedom, must NOT grant license. ' e
Safety means security—of the individual, the
. the community, the state, the nation, the
.vo. Id—security from the FORCEFUL encroach
That duty has never been lifted from
our shoulders, and never will be, unless we shall
so far fall short as to cease to value the fruits of
the sacrifices so cheerfully made by those old
heroes of the long ago.
4 .*.
cracy ?"
T _
■ , Lll ; e "; ,s ® democracy mcans freedom of the
jh 6 gr ° w' f he J 0mmun f y ' th . e State ;
th /," at ' he «^Id-freedom "the enjoyment 0
of hfe liberty and the pursuit of happiness
SAFETY fndTe'suhln fnarchy ' Therefore free*
/ . h Vv ^? y * Aheretore tree -
horn must be bounded by e J ud;y
ii V1I r pn f ciple of RIGI ^T decrees that,
none shall climb to success on the downfall of
another. Your brother s unmerited loss must not
be your gam. And this must apply not only to
individuals, but to voluntary groups, communities,
states, nations. It must be world-wide.
Given a world-wide recognition of this princi
pie, we have the very essence of democracy.
When all individuals and grbups shall recog
nize the RIGHTS of other individuals and groups,
and concede them, then will the world be "safe for
If any are inclined to paraphrase Pilate and ask,
What is Right?" we would answer, an EQU
ITABLE allotment of the opportunities of earth
and of life
ment of others.
It MUST carry with it exemp
tion from violence.
Despite the decrease in values of bonds, the
safety of the Liberty Loan is in no way impaired.
It will be a success merely because it must be
a success.
There is enough financial patriotism in the
country to make it successful.
With every nervous stock and bond holder in
the country eliminated, there is still bond buying
power enough left to ,tejf€ five bülions of the loan.
Thiä is an indication of the strength of our j
ôountrÿ and thd* power lyi$£ behind oiir cause—
the power that means ultimate victory.
£ancing to strike music is always costly. jKft
HIGH prices and community co-opera
, , ,, . ,
We are inclined to view the present era of high
prices as conducing entirely to the benefit of the
farmer, and to regard him as a very fortunate m
dividual True, he is more fortunate than he has
been m times past, but while he has been relieved
of some burdens he has been saddled with others,
Not all the high prices have henefitted him.
We are too
the farmer as living
i&rm and off its products. In
true, but in another sense not.
uö exchanged for commodities
t to view
entirely on the
one sense this i
While- his mea
those means mu
1 that do not come
ns come from the farm, much of
1 .
irom the farm.
The iarmer must wear clothes, and these must
come from the manufacturers and merchants.
must have farm implements, and these he cannot
| make \ He must have "Wm and buggies, and,
' ^5, he is '° enjoy life as his city brother, automo
b ' e3 ' and ti ' e .f;™ cs of these a f * cles are soaring
ln c ° mpan ,' ' vur! the Products of his farm.
.. , " ,lat " e sta,ted out to remark was tha *
j' mer * T ^ lar «. e . measure meet and over
,® effecta of the '"S* prlces ° f fa ™ lmple -
"*"*?; , ' ve ' 1 - pla ™ ed ° £ «»-operation.
d . ks as thou L h thls plan "-'I 11 have to
" d ri ° P ', Tlle (iemand Ior " ar supplies has di
I^wt» 77 of , many t larg f factories, and
a shortage of farm implements is freely predicted,
In this event co-operation in the purchase and
use of the more costly of farm tools will prove
i not only practicable but profitable. There are
(many tools used on the farm, where one impie
ment may be made to do the work of several farms.
Every farmer knows what they are, and it is un
neccessary to enumerate them. We merely would
impress the tact that whereever these can be own
ed and operated co-operatively, it is not only econ
omy to do so, but it is also of read benefit to the
country in this crisis. Every ounce of energy
that can be di\
ed form the manufacture of
farm supplies can be devoted to the manufacture
of government supplies.
this matter serious consideration this fall, while
planning for that record crop that will be needed
Every community in our country should give
' next year.
The support of the government is the citizen's
supremest duty. It transcends every obligation.
To neglect it or fail in its performance when the
nation is at war is treason. There is no option
about it.
It is a duty imposed by the organic
law of the land. To disregard it is a crime against
1 the g0vernment ' our felIows ancl ourselves. And
the ?, X J ent of our abillty to subscribe to the "lib
e ] loan 1S not t0 be measul 'e d by our excess
0i iaC ° me over 0utg0 111 times of peace ' 1
1 By conscription we are compelling our young
™ en t0 JOm tne army and face possible death -
1 ^ T * ^1™®° n ° cho "®*. 0f them we de ™ and
^eli-surrender. If it is refused or evaded
! to J they 8 °' Can we ' shouId we > Wl11 we > who
' ^ left behmd 111 the comfort and safety tha t
Val ° r secures to lls hesitate a single moment
u deprive ourselves oi anything and everything
1 we can cl ° without that they may be provided
! and equipped Wlth a11 they need and whatever is
? ecessary to brm £ thls tnghtful carnage speedily
ïu ? +l x
V The . man or the woman who now fails to reduce
S ° r 1Gr exp ? duure , to the lowest P ossi ble
minimum consistent with decency and health, and
to buy government bonds with all he or she can
SaVe ° r make is guiIty of treason - Let there be
no mistake aboufijhis. Bring yourself to an un
derstanding of this fact and act upon it. Then
make all those you come in contact with under
sta nd it also. When the roll of those who have
helped the nation with their money according to
their ability to make or save is called, every adult
in the United States should be present
' e d for.
titled to
or account
Those whose absence is unexplained will
unworthy citizens of this country and unen
_ _ enjoy the r
best government that men have yet devised.—
Commerce and Finance.
ection and benefits of the
The people ale called on to help with the sec
0 nd bond issue of the LIBERTY LOAN and will
not be found wanting. The organization work in
the Nmth Fédérai Reserve district is complete.
In every county and town loyal citizens, women
as well as men, are making preparations to do
their share. The least that we who stay at home
can do is to help furnish money to keep our boys
in the field fed, clothed and armed while they
fight for us. Can you step into a bank a few doors
from home and in buying a bond that is as good as
gold and pays you 4 per cent, imagine you are
making a sacrifice ?
. !
What does that mean m comparison to the men
who are giving perhaps * their legs, their arms,
their eyes, their lives, if necessary? .Or how does
the simple act ol making a safe investment stack
up with the giving of the selected men, many of
whom left their families and good businesses to:
g ° ° milltary camps ? .
mere is no comparison. There is no excuse.'
We must buy our LIBERTY BONDS and be glad !
that we are thus permitted to help. Think of a
man who can t or won't fight for his country and
then turns his back on her securities !
Old Europe is dead", declares Senator Fletch
er. Maybe so, but tlie Senator must admit that
it's having a lively wake,
« ™ «
Russia may have let that German army into
Riga merely as an experiment in cold storage.
Nevertheless and notwithstanding, talk of
"broomstick'preparedness" will win no battles.
They want Wilson to visit Europe, but Amer
jKft pan't spare him dhth the Hubs are teme^L
. Every now and then w e »re met by the criti-!
cism that in entering the European war we are
running counter to the Monroe Doctrine. I
These same critics would have us believe that:
this country has entered the conflict for the pur-!
pose of punishing one set of belligerents and av-j
enging another set.
1 he country should get right on this matter
and forever silence the tongues of those who byj
these aruments would clog the wheels of progress:
at this time. .
Taking the latter count first, this country has
no intention of punishing any nation, nor of aveng
It has, however, a firm determination
: mg any.
that the atrociti
es visited upon Belgium and oth
er invaded countries shall have no chance of a du
plication here.
German apologists seem to forget that this
country had ample cause for war before war was
declared—cause consisting of Germany's aggres-|
sions on this country and on its citizens. Many'
* innocent American lives had been sacrificed to her
unlawful and outrageous methods, and many in
- dignities suffered, before this country decided to;
put a stop to them by force of
to The wlle >' plea that we *°'mr to war to:
avenge wrongs of other peoples will not
Could that be established, it would really place
m an unenviable light.
attitude of overriding a principle of action that
for more than a century has been a veritable
beacon star by which we have steered our national!
course—this same Monroe Doctrine.
We listen with horror to a recital of German
atrocities in Belgium, and a thought that such'
might come to our land and our people will no
doubt nerve the arms of our fighting men. But
these are in no sense the impelling motive of*our!
action. That action was prompted by a condition
that had grown intolerable —a condition of affairs
It would place us in the
of entirely between this country and that, and hav-!
mg no relation to the affairs of any other country
or people.
And as the days pass and new chapters are'
added to the record of German intrigue, we can but
marvel that those in authority in our government'
held their hands as long as they did.
President Wilson has stated the matter clear
ly—the EARTH must be made safe for democracy,
It most certainly is not so now.
American bond issues before next July will to-'
tal $14,000,000,000, according to Frank Vander-|
lip, president of the National City Bank of New'
York—and Vanderlip, as head of the country's
largest financial institution, should be in a posi
tion to know.
1 In addltlon ' °ur banks will be called upon to
absorb $900,000,000 m treasury certificates; they
- have aiready absorbed one-third of that figure.
The bond lssues will be in addition to the bil
lions in war taxes.
It is estimated that the first year of the war
t wdl cost the Uni ted States $21,000,000,000, so
that the total of estimated bonds and war taxes!
still leaves a "comfortable" balance unprovided
tor .
These figures are cited to impress readers with;
the enormity of the war financing we will have to
undergo It is essential that we know it and pro
vide and prepare for it accordingly.
Considering that the entire wealth of the coun
try amounts to $240,000,000,000, it will be seem
that we are by no means sacrificing everything in'
this war as yet. We have still enough leeway toj
put the crimp in the kaiser, no matter how long
it takes to do it.
works of aeroplanes.
There is a serious lack of wood for the frame
The fact that only spruce of a certain variety
can be used for this purpose indicates that
shortage means that some substitute will have
to be found.
The Allied governments have already contract
ed for all the aeroplane spruce in this country,
: having done so before America entered the
|ln order to proceed with our aeroplane construc
tion, therefore, wg-will have to build new mills and]
And new timber tracts of a sort that will fill the 1
bill. j
A similar difficulty was encountered when it'
was desired to build wooden ships for the govern-
ment's merchant fleet, only in the case of ships
green wood could be utilized. It was the lack of
sufficient timber, it was said, that had much to do
with the government switching to steel ships,
Gen. A1 varo Obregon, former minister of war
! of Mexico, says the efforts by Germany to foment]
ill-feeling in Mexico against the United States is;
being squelched by Carranza.
We hope the general is right. He is traveling 1
in the United States, and during the two months
of his tour will be accompanied by Major Harvey
W. Miller, U. S. A., former teacher of Spanish
at w est Point.
The fact that the American government ten
! ders an official military escort to the Mexican gen
eral indicates that more friendly relations than
those of a year ago have been developed,
There is no reason why the friendly feeling
between Mexicans and Americans should not be as
sincere as that between Canada and the United
States. ^
"Liberty'oxygen" perfected by the medical
corps of the army, is another long step towards
American control of the air.
The general says Mexico wants no more fight
t ing, but wants friendship with the United States
instead. We'll go 50-50 on that proposition,
make each of hj ,* "offensives" true to the
It is suspicioned that Gen. Haig is seeking to
Q. How much do bonds of the second liberty
loan cost? (
I A. From $50 to $ 100 , 000 , whatever their face ;
value calls for. The law stetes that these bonds
must be sold at not less than «par;" that is, their
face value—100 cents on the dollar,
Q. How can I buy the bonds of the second
liberty loan ?
A. By filling out an application blank and
handing it to any bank or trust company, bond
dealer or broker, or to one of the Fédéral reserve
banks, or to the Treasury Department at Wash
Q. When can this application for bonds be
A. At any time from the 1st day of October to
the close of business on October 27th, 1917.
Q. In what form must application to buy a lib
erty bond be made ?
A. All applications must be in the form pre
scribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, obtain
able at the bank or from a liberty loan commit
Q. Must the full price of bonds be paid on
application ?
No; only 2 per cent, of the amount you
j want to buy is required when application is made.
Q. When must the remainder be paid?
A. In installments as follows,; 18 per cent, on
November 15, 1917; 40 per cent, on December 15,
1917 ; and 40 per cent, on January 15, 1918.
Q. Can I buy a bond on the stallment plan by
paying for it weekly or monthly ?
A. The Treasury Department will not accept
payments in this manner, but many banks and a
great many employers will sell you a bond and al
low you to pay for it in partial payments. If you
desire to pay for your bonds in this way,
1 ; suit employer or any banker,
Q. When will the subscribers know how many
bonds they will receive on their subscriptions?
A. The Secretary of the Treasury will announce
this about the 6th of November, 1917.
known as making the "allotment,
■ ' Q. Must all subscribers to liberty bonds wait
until the allotment is made to know whether or
not they will receive their bonds?
This is
No; a subscriber for bonds up to $1,000
is certain to receive his bond.
Q. If I desire to pay for the bonds at the time
I make my subscription, may I do so ?
A. Yes ; you can pay in full for any bonds you
buy up to and including $1,000; but subscribers for
more than this amount must wait until the allot
ment is made.
The "regular" session of the 65th Congress—
beginning Dec. 3—will not be the important ses
sion that the "War Congress" happened to be,
but will be more like the session to which we were
accustomed prior to the outbreak of the war.
It will clean up any fag ends of war legisla
.tion—if any-^and will tackle yarious domestic
questions that the War Congress could not handle,
Questions relating to railroads, coal, prohibi
tion, will be favorites. The prohibition amdhd
ment to the Constitution has passed the Senate
and will come up in the House. Action is also
probable on the woman's suffrage amendment to
the Constitution, while department budgets will
be met with in great profusion,
In addition to the foregoing important ques
tion, numberless congressmen will deliver speech
es for home consumption, so as to prepare for the
following congressional elections.
There are only two classes of people in the Un
ited States at this time :
Those who are for the Government in its pro
ecution of the war.
Those who in any way would hamper the Gov
ernmejnt in its prosecution of the war.
To be for the Government now is to be for the
To be against the Government now is to be
against the Country.
One is for his country in time of war is a pa
One who is against his country in time of
1 is a traitor
j As Governor Lowden of Illinois says: "Why
blink facts in times like these?''—The Value
American railroads have been sending out
pleasant descriptions of the remarkable work they
are doing to win the war—how they are run as
one great system and are operating more eflicient
ly than ever before.
Along comes the Conference Committee on
National Preparedness in Washington and lets fly
this startling statement: "The exigencies of war
1 may force government ownership of the Ameri
can railroads in the surprisingly near future. Not
only is ship tonnage inadequate to war's demands
but the whole transportation system of America
is bending and may break under the strain of our
first year at war.
The railroads and their critics_if they may be
termed such—never could agree,
There are retailers who not only keep pace with
raising wholesale prices but anticipate them.
Teddy is by no means alc$£ in- J^lieving the
training camps to be A1 man-making plants.
With so much of the country "dry", there
should be a fortune in a patent "eye-opener.
te te te
Somebody might remind Gen. Haig that Nappy
once said: "I made my generals out of mud."
^ J
Germany was prepared to start the war: U. S.
tsjumring te and iVaad eodit
( ^
Huns Hold "Three Big
Islands, While Russ
Guard Fin Entrance.
Associated Press
Fifteen German fighting ships
put out of commission last week in the
Gulf of Riga, according to a Russian
statement. The Russians are now pro
tecting the southern entrance to the
Gulf of Finland. Oesel, Moon ar.d r a g_
islands are now in possession of the
Germans, who claim to have cantured
twenty thousand Russian
and a hundred guns.
A Stockholm report
Germans are gathering a number sub
marines around eastern Denmark an
ticipating the attempt of the entente
fleet to force its way into the Baltic.
British Flyers Effective.
savs that the
British aerial activity on the Flnn
ders front in unabated,
seven tons of bombs have been dropp
ed on railway centers and fifteen Ger
man airplanes have been downed. The
British have lost, in all, a total of
eight machines.
Minor operations by the British
the Flanders front
More than
They are holding all im
portant positions gained in the offen
sive launched on the German lines in
In these operations Field Marshal
Haig reports heavy casualties indict
ed on the Germans.
German Squadron of Super-Zeppelins
Loses Many Machines in Satur
day's London Raid.
Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Oct. 23—Germany
probably lost half of her total effective
fleet of super-Zeppelins in Saturday's
flight over England, according to offi
cial cablegrams.
It is declared that the greatest tie
feat administered an air fleet since the
beginning of the war was the
posed on the Hun squadron Saturday
by the British.
Gratification over this result is in
tense, because it is known that this
was Germany's attempt to carry out
her fearful threat of
one im
Riled Over Ruthless Ravages of II
Subs on Neutral Steamers Last
ii a
Associated Press
LONDON, Oct. 23
The Morning
Press published a Stockholm dispatch
asserting that it is expected that a
joint Scandinavian protest
lodged against the Germans for the
sinking of neutral steamers und
convoy in the North sea last Wednes
Date of War Work Committee Raised
From Oct. 25 to Oct. 30.
Miss., Oct. 23—
Chairman LeRoy Percy, of the Missis
sippi Y. M. C. A. war work committee
announced here today that the state
general meeting in the interest of the
war fund previously set for Oct. 25
has been postponed until Oct. 30. It
will be held on the later date at Jack
son and Mr. Percy is sending out
_ many
letter to prominent men of the state
urging them to attend.
At a meeting here today of a num
ber of members of the state commit
tee, it was decided that the change of
date was advisable.
Those notified by
letter of the earlier date are asked
to take notice of the change.
More complete announcements of
the meeting, which is to discuss plans
for raising Mississippi's allotment of
funds for the Y. M. C. A. war work,
will be announced later.
WASHINGTON, D. C., October 23.
—The United State Civil Service Com
mission has received an expression of
the patriotism of practically all the
exhibitors of motion pictures in the
United States. The Government is in
need of thousands of typewriter oper
ators and stenographers of both
for the war work in Washington, and
through its 3,000 local boards of ex
aminers in that many cities, the Com
mission requested the
managers of motion picture theatres
to allow free of charge
ment on their screens of this need of
the Government,
so few as to be negligible.
owners and
an announce
The refusals were
SANTE FE, N. W., Oct. 23—While
women cannot vote in New Mexico,
they are taking the most active part
in the campaign this year that they
have ever taken. Pracitcally all of
the women's clubs are behind the pro
hibition movement and a decisive vic
tory is predicted on November 6.
Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Oct .23—The Post
offiea Department announced today
that gifts for American soid-ors ?
Fiance must be restricted to se en

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