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- PUBLIC NOTICE.
Dr. John C. Welborn, the Democratic
Elector for this electorial district, will ad
dress his fellow citizens on the following
named times and places :
Danville, Montgomery county, on Mon
day, the 19lh June.
Warrenton, Warren countj, on Tuesday,
the 20th. .
St Charles, St Charles county, on Thurs
day, the 22d.
Flint Hill, St Charles county, on Friday,
the 23d. '
Troy, Lincoln county, on' Saturday, the
S4tn. . .
Gen. Thos. L. Price, the Democratic
candidate for Lieut. Governor, will address
his fellow citizens at the time and places as
Waterloo, Clark, Monday, 19th
Memphis, Scotland, Tuesday) 20th
Edina, Knox, Wednesday, 21st
Shelbyville, Shelby, Thursday, 22d
Paris, Monroe, Friday, 23d
Mexico, Audrain, Saturday, - 4tl
Fulton, Calaway, Monday, 26th
The undesigned, candidates for Congress,
will address the people at the followins times
and places, to-wit:
At Union, Fran'din co. Tuesday, June 20th.
At Warrenton, Warren co. Thursday July 6th.
Ai Danville, Montgomery co., July 8th.
At Fulton, Callaway co., Tuesday July 11th.
At Mexico, Audrain co. Thursday July 13th.
At Palmyra, Marion co. Saturday, July 15th.
At Hanibal, do Monday, Jidy 17th.
At New London, Ralls co. Tuesday July 18th.
At Clarksville, Pike co. Thursday, July 10th.
At Bowling Green, do Saturday, July 22d.
W. V. N. BAY.
AV ORDI.W1.VCE TO PROVIDE
FOR THE IMP HO VEME.YT OF
Be it ordained by the Trustees of the town
of Louisiana, as follows :
Sec. 1. The Clerk of the Board of Trus
tees it hereby directed, within two weeks
after the passage of this Ordinance, to ad
vertise in such newspaper as the board of
trustees may employ to publish Ordinan
ces and other matter, for sealed proposals
for the following work, to wit :
1. For grading and filling up Water street
from the north side of Tennessee street,
to the south side of North Carolina street,
said grading on the western line of said
streets to conform to the grade fixed or to
be fixed by the Town Engineer or Board of
Trustees, and to fall towards the river, not
more than one foot in eight for the first six
ty feet, and not more than one foot in five
for the remaining distance to low water
mark The mouth of Tennessee, South
Carolina and North Carolina streets, at their
junction with water street, to be covered
with gravel to the depth of eight inches and
thirty-eight feet wide, and good paved or
graveled drains from said graveling, from
each of the last named streets, to low wa
ter mark. Said drains to be not less than
four feet wide if of pavement, or six feet
wide if of gravel. If paved, to be of good
lime-stone well dressed and set on edge.
The graveling above mentioned to be so
sunk on both sides of the streets as to cor
respond with the gutter to be formed in
each of the above streets.
2. For grading and filling up, Tennessee,
Georgia, South Carolina and North Caroli
na streets, from Water street to the wes
tern line of Third street, according to the
grade to be fixed by the Town Engineer or
Board of Trustees. The grading on said
streets to be the whole width of the street,
and the intersecting parts of Second and
Third streets, to be so graded as to make
the crossing convenient for carriages and
other vehicles. On each side of the last
mentioned four streets, a gutter to be form
ed adjoining the side-walk, to be filled to
the width of four feet, and to the depth of
eight inches of good gravel, and the mid
dle of the street to be raised twelve inches
above the gravel.
Sec. 2. The chairman of the board shall
cause to be procured from the town Engi
neer, a report of the grade on each of the
streets named in this ordinance for improve
ment, together with a plan and estimate of
the amount of grading in each section, to
be submitted and numbered by the engi
neer in the plan, which plan and estimates
hall be placed in the clerk's office for the
inspection of all persons proposing to bid
Sec. 3. Anv person or persons mav bid
for any amount of the above work, not less
than one section, and shall accompany his
cr their bid or bids, with a written obhga'
tion of one or more persons, guaranteeing
that if the bid or bids of the persontiamed,
shall be accepted, said bidder or bidders
shall enter into bond and sufficient secunty
to the satisfaction of the Board, within six
days, for the performance of his or their bid,
or in default to forfeit to the use of the
town, twenty-five dollars.
Sec. 4. The bids for work on any sec
tion, shall embrace all the work in any such
section, and shall designate the price for
paved or graveled gutter, and it shall be
optionary with the Board whether one or
two gutters, on.Water street, shall be made
at the prices fixed in the bid.
Sec. 5. All of the work embraced in this
ordinance, to be completed within ninety
days from the date of contract, unless oth
erwise agreed by the board and contractors,
and to be done under the supervision and
to the satisfaction of the town engineer.
Sec. 6. On the day named in the ad
vertiseinent, the board of trustees shall
meet at the Louisiana Academy, unless
some other place be named in the advertise
ment, at two o dock p. m., and then proceed
to open and determine all bids placed in
their hands by the clerk of the board, and
the board shall reserve the right, to deter
mine which part of said work shall be put
under contract, or to reiect the bids for anv
part, but the lowest and best bids shall be
accepted for such work as may be accept
ed, provided suitable security be tendered
sec. 7. AH contracts made under this
ordinance shall be made payable according
to the provisions hereinafter prescribed, but
the bids may designate what difference or
discount shall be made, provided such con
tract shall be paid in full on the completion
ot the work.
Sec. 8. All contracts under this ordin
ance, shall be payable and paid as follows:
On the contract being signed by the con
tractors with security to the satisfaction of
the board, and by the chairman of the board
on thepart of the corporation, the chairman
shall draw his warrant on the treasurer for
twenty percent of the contract. On the
completion of the work to the satisfaction
of the engineer, and the engineer certify
ing the tact to the chairman, the chairman
shall in like manner draw his warrant for
thirty per cent, of the contract, and shall
cause the corporate bonds of the town to
be made and executed to the contractor
for the remainder of the contract, or con
tracts, payable twelve months after date,
with six per cent inteiest from date until
paid, which bonds shall be signed by the
chairman and attested by the clerk of the
board on behalf of the corporation, which
bonds, shall be for the whole amount due
any one contractor, or for the amount of
each section as the contractor may prefer.
Sec. 9. Whenever any contract shall
be entered into with any person or persons
for the grading of any of the streets named;. ... . . , ... ,.
: i : -i- .. ,,, ., , , , ., ferryman if he understood arithmetic.
in this ordinance, it shall be the duty of the , , ,
chairman of the board to
cause a notice to
be served on the owners or occupants of all
lots fronting on the street cr part of street
for the grading of which a contract has
been made, which notice shall require the
owner or occupant of such lot to make a
side-walk or pavement in front of said lot,
within the time required for the completion
of the grading of the street, according to
the plan and manner hereinafter named.
But if any such lot be vacant, and no resi
dent, owner or occupant can be found, on
whom to serve such notice, the notice shall
not be necessary, and the chairman may
proceed as hereinafter provided.
Sec. 10. The side-walk shall be in all
cases, eight feet wide, from the line of the
street to the outer edge of the curb, and
shall fall at the rate of four inches in eight
feet, and all such side-walks to correspond
with the grade fixed by the town engineer,
and to be finished under his directions and
to his satisfaction. I
Sec. 11. The curb for all side-walks,
provided for in this ordinance, shall be of
sound limestone rock, not less than three
inches thick, nor less than 12 inches deep,
to be made straight on the edge, and even
on the side exposed above the gutter, to be
permanently set in the ground, or me own
er or agent ol the property requirea to
make such pavement, may substitute in
place of such curb stones, sound white oak
or bur oak scantling, not less than three
inches thick nor less than one foot wide, to
be well set in the ground in the same man
ner, and secured bv stakes or stone, and
the side-walk shall be 'filled to the depth of
six inches with good gravel, well pulver
ised on the surface, and pounuea in, ana
filled with sand. But the owner or agent
of any lot, may at his option, substitute good
well burned brick or level stone pavement,
in either case to be made and finished to
the satisfaction of the engineer.
See 12. If no owner or resident agent
of any lot can be found on whom to serve
the notice reouired in section 9, the chair
man of the board shall contract on the most
favorable terms he can procure, for the
ly HA 0
"United We Stand Divided We Fall."
PIKE COUNTY, MISSOURI, MONDAY,
making of the side-walk and curb requited
on any such lot, in the same manner as re
quired by section 11, and in the time re
quired by the provisions of the contract for
grading the street. Or if any resident,
owner or agent of any lot required so to be
improved, shall fail to cause the same to be
done in the time prescribed, unless other
wise directed by the board, the chairman of
the board shall at the end of the time re
quired, proceed to contract for the same, in
the same manner required for non-residents
property, as provided in the first ilause of
this section, and in either case, shall sub
mit all such contracts to the board for their
approval, and if approved by the board,
such approval to be certified by the clerk
of ihe boaid on the contract, and when the
work is done to the satisfaction of the en
gineer, the chairman shall draw his war
rant on the treasurer for the amount of the
contract, in favor of the contractor.
Sec. 13. Whenever any contract shall
be made and fulfilled under the provisions
of section 12, it shall be the duty of the
chairman to make out an account for the
amount of such contract, against the owner
of such lot if known, by his or her proper
name, and if the name be not known, then
against "the owner" of such lot or lots, and
shall add to the amount of such contract,
ten per cent, as damages for such failure or
neglect, and place such accountin the hands
of the town attorney or other proper agent
ot the town for collection, to be collected
as other debts due the corporation, before
any court having proper jurisdiction, and
any judgment thus obtained shall be collect
ed and enforced against "the owner" of
such lot in the same manner and effect as
if his or her proper name were known.
But no judgment or execution thus obtain
ed, shall be levied on any other property
than the lot or lots properly chargeable with
sec. 14. Ihe clerk of the board snail
draw all contracts for improvements made
under the provisions of this ordinance, to
which the town shall be a party, and for
drawing such contracts, and for his servi
ces in advertising for contracts, the clerk
shall be allowed and paid what tLe board
may deem reasonable.
Sec. lo. The notice inviting proposals,
required in section 1st ol this ordinance,
shall be published in two successive num
bers of the paper publishing the same
aoc. 16. 1 Ins ordinance to be in force
from and after the passage of the same.
Passed May 29th, 1848.
Chairman B. T.
Attest: P. Draper, Clerk B. T.
Use or Pimlosoyht. A philosopher
stepped on board a ferry boat to cross a
stream. On his passage he inquired of the
4,,e man OKeu asiomsneu.
'Arithmetic? No sir! I never heard of
The philosopher replied, I am very sor
ry, for one quarter of your life is gone.'
A few minutes afterwards he asked the
ferryman: Doyou know anything of Math
ematics? The boatsman smiled, and again replied
Well then, said the philosopher, 'another
A third question was asked the ferry
man: Do you understand astrnomy?'
'Oh no, sir I never heard of such thing.'
'Well, my friend, then another quarter
of your life is lost'
Just at that moment the boat ran upon
snag and was sinking, when the ferryman
jumped up, pulled off his coat, and asked
the philosopher, with great earnestness of
'Sir, can you swim?'
'No,' said the philosopher.
'Well, then,' said the ferryman, 'your
whole life is lost, for the boat is going to the
Generals Pillow and Shields arrived at
Frederick, Md., on Friday last, from the
west, and were on Saturday in attendance
on the military court of inquiry, lately ad
journed from Mexico to that city. Nat.
Intel., June 5.
At a special election, held for the pur
pose on the 22d and 23d ult, H. H. Thomp
son was chosen a Representative in Con
gress from the First Congressional District
in South Carolina, to fill the vacancy occa
sioned by the decease of the Hon. Mr. Black.
P A IMF!
JUNE 19, 1848
Opinion of a leading Whig Journal if
General Vans. ;The editor of the New
York Courier and Enquirer, of May 30th,
in its leading article, says:
"It is too much the custom n the mere
party press to perceive nothing but what is
evil in an opponent, and only good quali
ties real or imaginary in a political
friend. We accordingly find General Cassi
spoken of as a malr without chatacter, and
Without political strength. "This it a great
error. In all the telations of private life
Gen. Cass has been known to the writer
for nearly-thirty years; and a more esteem
ed father and husband, or a more honora
ble, conscientious gentleman, we are not
acquainted with. Of his talents there can
be no question; and were he a whig in prin
ciple, the election of no man to the presi
dency would give us more pleasure. But
he is not a whig."
The Whig press have, as was to be ex
pected, already opened their assaults upon
the character of Gen. Cas. They charge
him with being inconsistent and a parasite
to power, because in 1840 he gave a certif
icate in favor of Gen. Harrison's military
character! This is rich. Do they not re
member, when Gen. Cass certified in fa
vor of an old comrade in arms how they
lauded him as one of the purest men of the
country? If they do not, lit them turn to
their files of 1840, and their memories will
be refreshed. They will there see the
most glowing eulogies of Gen. Cass the
pioneer of the West, the defender of the
frontier, the soldier, the patriot, and last of
all, the able vindicator of his country's
rights at a foreign court. And will they row
turn round and villify and ridicule him for
doing that for which they once so highly
praised him Will they do this too, while
yet the charge of inconsistency is on their
lips? (Missouri Courier.
From the fact that the name of Cass has
been identified with that of Ohio for the
greater part of half a century, we claim in
the great fight the front rank, and never
did we give a political pledge, with a more
firm, fixed belief that it will be fully re
deemed than the one we now make, and
that is, that so sure as tie day of election
arrives, and Lewis Cass lives, will the dem
ocracy of Ohio give him the 23 electoral
votes of the state. Columbus Slates?nan.
Democratic Plaiforili: Resolutions
Unanimously Adopted by the Con
vention at Baltimore.
Resolved, that the American democracy
place their trust in the intelligence, the
patriotism, and discriminating justice
of the American people.
Resolved, That we regard this as a dis
tinctive feature of our political creed,
which we are proud to maintain before the
world, as the great moral element in a form
of government, springing from and upheld
by the popular will; and we contrast it with
the creed and practice of federalism, un
der whatever name or form, which seeks to
palsy the will of the constituent, and which :
conceives no imposture too monstrous for
the popular credulity.
Resolved, therefore, That, entertaining
these views, the democratic party of this
Union, through their delegates assembled in
a general convention of the states, coining
together in a spirit of concord, of devotion
to the doctrines an ith of a free repre
sentative govern and appealing to
their follow-citiz tor the rectitude of
their intentions, aew and re-assert, before
the American people, the declarations ot
principles avowed byjjenwl)en, on a for
mer occasion, in general convention, they
presented their candidates for the popular
1. That the fe
government is one
, ved solely from the
ants of power shown
ctly construed by all
agents of the govern
of limited powe
ment; and I
inexpedient and dan
gerous to exercise doubtful constitutional
2. That the constitution docs not confer
upon the general government the power to
commence and carry on a general jejften
of internal improvements. -.
3. That the constitution dops not confe r
authority upon the federal government, di
rectly or indirectly, to assume- the debts of
the several states, contrasted fo local is- .
ternal improvements, or other state purpo
ses, nor would such assumption be just and
expedient. - -
t 4. That justice and sound policy forbid
the federal government to foster one branch
of industry to the detriment of another, or
to cherish the interests of one portion to'
the injury of another portion of onr com
mon country ; that every citizen and every
section of the conntry has a right to de
mand and insist upon an equality of rights?
and privileges, and toxomplete and ample
protection of persons and property from do
mestic violence or foreign aggression.
5. That it is the duty of every branch of
the government to enforee and practise the
most rigid economy in cdnducting our pub
lic affairs, and that no more, re venue ought
to be raised than is required to defray the
necessary expenses of the government, and
for the gradual but certaiu extinction of the
debt created by the prosecution of a just
and necessary war, after peaceful relations
shall have been restored.
6. That congress has no power to char
ter a national bank; that we believe such
an institution one of deadly hostility to the
best interests of the country, dangerous to
our republican institutions ana" the liberties
of the people, and calculated to place the
business of the country within the control
of a concentrated money power, and above
the laws and the will of the people and that
the result of democratic legislation, in this
and other financial measures upon which
issues have been made between the two po
litical parties of the country, have demon
strated to candid and practical men of all
parties, their soundness, safety and utility
in all business pursuits.
7. That congress has no power under the
constitution to interfere with or control the
domestic institutions of the several states,
and that such states are the sole and prop
er judges of every thing appertaining to
their own affairs, not prohibited by the con
stitution; that all efforts of the abolitionists
or others made to induce congress to inter
fere with questions of slavery, or to take
incipient steps in relation thereto, are cal
culated to lead to the most alarming and
dangerous consequences; and that all such
efforts have an inevitable tendency to di
minish the happiness of the people, and en
danger the stability and permanency of the
Union, and ought not to be countenanced
by any friend of our political institutions.
8. That the separation of the moneys of
the government from banking institutions,
is indispensable for the safety of the funds
of the government and the rights of the
9. That the liberal principles embodied
by Jefferson in the declaration of independ-
1 . 1 aT.--A?
ence, and sanctioned in uie constitution,
which makes ours the land of liberty, and
the asylum of the oppressed of every na
tion, have ever been cardinal principles in
the democratic faith, and every attempt to
abridge the present privilege of becoming
citizens and the owners of Soil among us,
ou"ht to be resisted with the same spirit
which swept the alien and sedition laws
from our statute books.
Resolved, That the proceeds of. the pub
lic lands ought to be sacredly applied to the
national objects specified in the constitu
tion; and that we are opposed to any law
for the distribution of such proceeds among
the states, as alike inexpedient in policy
and repugnant to tbe constitution.
Resolved, That we are decidedly oppos
ed to taking from the President the qualifi
ed veto power, by which he is enabled, un
der restrictions and responsibilities, amply
sufficient to guard the public interest, to
suspend the passage of a bill whose mer
its cannotsecure the approval of two-thirds
of the senate and house cf representatives,
until the judgment of the people can be ob
tained thereon, and which has saved the
American neonle from the corrupt and
tyrannical domination of the Bank of the
United States, and from a corrupting sys
tem of general internal immprovements.
Resolved, That he war wnn mexico
provoked on her part, by years of insult and
injury, was commenced by her army cross-
troopst and invading our sister state of
of Texas, and that upon all the principles
of patriotism and the laws of nations, it is
a iust and necessary war on our part, in
J . . . ' ... -1 1.1 1.
winch every American citizen mvuiu um
shown himself on the side of his country,
and neither morally nor physically, byword
or deed, have given "aid and comfort to
Resolved, That we would be rejoiced 9-