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Democratic banner. (Bowling Green, Pike County, Mo.) 1845-1852, July 31, 1848, Image 1

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89066057/1848-07-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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au. ... , ,-.r.f-.::t T.T T,.,.,-r.r -. - .-:-:,".: r,,- r ' "
Ing in CtlCtf 4ei::niwala
and in tho cWujNMMb bia' Meiiade the-ii " i
-He awn's paper will lie ducontMi&a unless the
mmm paid for Bp to the time, of iU ditoontinu
anee."' -'"-r" ' i.l
W4DVXRT1SLYQ.&M very lovJ
; AD letteia ea basineu most be pott paid.
. .The & wing article wu designed
for Unt week' paper, bat wu crowded out
on eccoajit of its length ;,; , ' i(. ' .',
- un Tuesday, the Isto imt., Major Kollins
end Judge King addressed the citizews'of
Louisiana and vicinity, in canvass speeches,
touching most political topics of the gener
al government, a well at matters of State
policy. Major Boilins spoke first for an
hoar and a half, and commenced by telling
the people he had undertaken the canvass
of the State, notwithstanding the fact that
older and more experienced sen had shrank
from tne duty that the whigs hed been so
often and to signally defeated In 'Missouri,
that the shining lights inj his party bad not
the spiink to enter .upon tbe canvass..; He
launched oat then upon the sea of national
politics, endeavored to prove that the whigs
of the present day were the same in princi
ple of the whigs of the early ' government
He made an elaborate argument in favor of
a National. Bank,-quoted Washington and
Madison to sustain bis argument, and en
deavored to prove it was the measure of the
Republicans, without telling the people who
were its true advocates and opponents
That Hamilton urged and Jefferson opposed
it as a measure, while Washington signed it
with reluctance and doubt After building
up his argument in favor of the Bank, how
ever, he demolished it himself as a child
would slap over a cob-house of its own con
struction, by telling the peopl thajLtWer
all the circuvutances he thought it, would be
bad policy to charter a 'Bank note. The
most of them talk so before elections, but
when they get power, circumstances change.
He was opposed to the use of. the Veto
Power, and thought it the only Federal fea
ture in the U. S. Constitution a new defi
nition of Federalism, truly. Every Presi
dent we ever had, from Washington down,
wMft M. Van Bnreni used the veto power,
and we believe were always sustained by
tbe people. From his arguments one would
infer he was in favor (of what he dared not
proclaim) of amputating the Constitution
to strike on' this federal feature.
.' On the subject of the Tariff he wu in fa
vorof protection. He endeavored to show
that all . our former Presidents, down to
Jackson, were in favor of that policy; to
prove which be talked long of the fostering
tanff pused during Wuhington s adminis
tration. He did not tell the people, how
ever, that that tariff act ranged at about one
tenth, and in tome instances one twentieth
part as high u the tariff of '42, which he
advocated. ' . '
On tbe subject of Internal Improvements
by the General Government, he wu with
the whig politicians of the day. j He charg
ed the democrats with opposition to every
kind of improvement by the ' general gov
ernment, and labored to show an inconsis
tency in the resolutions upon that subject
passed by the lut two National Democratic-Conventions.
J Ho charged falsely that
the resolution passed In 1844 by the Balti
more Convention did not contain the word
"general" before "system of,, internal im
provements," in which he said ft differed
with the resolution on that subject pused
in the late convention? It will be seen from
the following extract copied from the ojfi
cial proceedings of the Convention pf 1844,
that kit charge isgnmadless. It reads L
That the Constitution dou not confer
upon the general government tbe power to
eommence and carry on a general system of
wernai improvements." : ,
. He pretended to read from tbe official
cift sf ihose bodies, and practised this
frnd in the face of those people! whose
volet he wuiakmgi ' Hit time having
pired Judge IQag rote to repIy, V He. paid
biiteaiitioi.to:;the.Majort tob-house
feat with the National Bank, farther then
topUee Wavbingteoi Slaton and Jeffer-
f on right before the audience. : He demon-'
etrtUd that the SobTtsary folly met the
iC ita authors, sad that the peV
pi ewre satutad with it: He followed tbe
lUjarhiu efgoaeat tint the whist were
the ttp&Xctfv patty, tad placed him fa his
Proper place npon that question. He show
ed that.tiM, seatarei sdvoetiedbjthe fed-
I - : - : ; i
we're, many of them, the same advocate
by the Whigs of the ! present'day. Tliatthe
position1 of the federalist in the laie British
war was tbe same occupied by the wbigs
in the Mexican war. The federal ntortngs
had hung to their thip and trimmed its
course under every name and in every
storm. ' He said the measures advocated by
the'old federal party had grown unpopular,
and they ceased to advocate theaa. i- Tha
meuuru heretofore advocated by the pres
ent whig party have grown unpopular, and
they ceue to make them issues before the
people. He exposed the conduct of the
ate whig convention in' Philadelphia in a
masterly style. When a resolution was in
troduced to Isy down the principles of the
whig party h was decided "Out of order.'
An effort to require the 'Candidates for a
nomination to subscribe to the doctrine of
the party wu decided "Out of order." A
secret session wu tfien had to appease these
whigs who contended for a declaration of
principle ; here, said he, met the Bank men
of the North end the anti-Bank men of the
South; the Protective Tariff men of the
East, and the Revenue Tariff men of the
West; the Wilmot Proviso men of the
North, and; the anti-Proviso men of the
South ; the Natives and the anti-Natives,
all insisting upon 'their views, formed a
great heterogeneous mass, incapable of set
tling upon any fixed principles to submit to
the people. Hence they stifled their mea
sures, smothered .their doctrine, turned
from their leadeu, end sanctioned the n on
rbmmitaliam of flen. Taylor.
Upon the subject of the Tariff, Judge
King wu peculiarly happy in his remarks.
In a plain practicable illustration he brought
itt workings forcibly before the people
Suppose 15,00 bbls. of Hoar is the consump
tion of Pike county, 1000 bbls. of which is
manufactured in the county, while 600 is
brought across the river from Illinois, which
hu to pay a tax of one dollar per barrel by
a tariff law of Pike county. They can sell
the flour here for $4 per bbl., but after this
tax of a dollar they must have 15. The
fifth dollar goes into the county, revenue,
making $500 on the 600 bbls. Tbe manu
facturers in tbe county are enabled to get
$5 per barrel also for the 1000 barrels they
sell, which could have been had from Illi
nois at $4. The consumer it therefore fore
ed to pay 1000 more for this 1000 barrels
by virtue of the tariff law, which goes into
the pockets of the manufacturer ; or in oth
er wordt they are taxed $1600 to get $600
revenue. Whigs contend that high tariffs
increase the number of manufacturers, and
their competition makes low prices.. If by
their competition they bring down the prices
and can live by tbe reduced prices, surely
they could live by the high prices before
they reduced them. : If protective tariffs
reduce th price, then where is the protec
tion? and if in their operation tbey are to
force the manufacturer to tell lower, then
why do those tagaciout men esk for them ?
Upon the subject of internal improve
ment by the general government, he charg
ed unfairness in the arguments of Lit com
petitor. That the demoeratt are not op
posed, u Mr. R. endeavored to show, to
every kind .of improvement by the general
government, but they oppose a "general
system" that will include rivers and har
bors of not sufficient Importance to gain the
sanction of the people npon their own mer-
itt. witiwutbeinzloff-rolled together. The
higs favor the log-rolling system, the dem
w 0 V V .
ocratt oppose it. In the Jut congress only
12 whiss could be induced to vote for the
simple proposition to improve the large riv
ert of the West, tbe Ohio, Mississippi end
Missouri. In the present congress they
have u been clamorous for a bill Including
Bear one hundred small riven and harbors,
which ware tacked on to the thoroughfares
of the West to ride throueh upon : their
merit The democrats have always favor
ed necessary constitutional bills, stripped
of loe-rolline incumbrances. Jackson did
favor correct bills and large appropriations
were made daring hit administration, bat
be vetoed t number of - biSt of - sectional
aad loff-roilinx aharactar Cut will op
pose no ' pore bCWor the improvement of
Uhitko Wit Staho Di
riPso WeiFau.. -
theVgreat national hishvavs in the west!
Judge K&g had but iktle tiai left t de-j
vote to matters of Stale jxcy.-;H
posed a reckless rytn of. Internal im
provements by the Star, sue
quire borrowed capitol and burtliensome'
taxes upon, the people, i Upon , ibis matter
we feel assured his remtrks met (he appro
bationof the masses of the people of PikrJ
ue wu in favor of appwing the. resources
object of husbanding bur means, and ea
coiiraging judicious imtrevemeots without
borrowing capitol ' S
Ho was in favor of a bbaral school sys
tem, and equalizing representation. ;B-j
ing here informed that lis time was about
expiring, he wound up with an f uy .and
descriptive eulogy upon, Cass, and . Butlev,!
and drew a striking, contrast between the
qualifications of the fornter and Gen.-Tay-lor.
In Judge King the ..democracy have
an able standard bearer of whom they have
cause to be proud. In point of political in
formation end souud argument be. has few
equals, certainly not in hie competitor.
Major Rollins is unquestionably a graceful
aud easy speaker, but is compelled, is tbe
presence of King, to resort to sophistry and
false reasoning, which he does very readily
to sustain his cause.
, For the Banner. si . V
Mr. Editor, Looking over tone of By
papers e few! days since,, I was singularly
struck with the language of the Haanibal
Journal.. la speaking of tha wkb ctadidi
ate for the Legulature. of Marion, county, it
makea the following remark : ."He is a
big, every inch of him is.whig,' andche
knows nothing but whiggery ;w (he tame
paper in tpeaking of Gen. Taflor'a claims
to the Presidency says : "He is emphatical
ly the man of the people, be belongs not to
party bnt the nation." From these two
conflicting sentiments I am led to the fol
lowing reflections: The wbigs are now
striving for power in this State, urging the
plea that their ucension to power wonld be
to the edventsge of the State, pa eccount
or its principles ; at the same time they are
calling upon the people from Maine to Tex
as to vote for Taylor for President On ac
count of principles? Nay, verily 1 but be
cause he has no political principles the ex
ponent of the principles of neither party.
He is a fit man for tbe Presidency because
Le belongs to no party. The other is a ruit
able man for the Legists tore because he is
every inch whig. Can these two conflict
ing opinions be amalgamated ? in my most
deliberate judgment it is impossible. Has
the whig party, then, any principles ? they
answer yes. Do they believe those prin
ciples available, they have always contend
ed they did, then why not show us their faith
by their works ? but. do tbey say examine
our works ? we answer we have examined
them, and what do we find?., we find that
one of two things is true, either they have
no principles, or they do not believe those
principles available. - If they believed they
were available, why did they not nominate
a man who was neither, afraid nor ashamed
to be the exponent of their principles ?
nave roey none sor not one oi luam. will
dare to say so 1 on the contrary it was with
reluctance he agreed to be called by ' their
name, tie aenea tnemto nominate any oth
er man, and while they have been proclaim
ing throughout the length, and breadth, of
the land that Locofoco measures would
bring this country to destruction and dis
grace, he calmly tent them ne has not vo
ted for forty years, and bas'nt formed an.
opinion upon tbe meuures that divide the
tarties, and still they nominate hiuv, Then
conclude thev have no principles. - Thev
have abandoned them for availability, just
. ,
u have tne wire-worxers ana political
tricksters of this county done. 'Did thev
not in the first place nominate the champioa
of their party, in this county, far the Leg
islature, and where is he now? fast, so
toon as the newt of the Philadpbii Con
vention reached here,' they commenced
truckling end shuffling, and their champion
commenced grunting ana oaoied :'par
And who did they take op next?, ,a man
who is a eood citizen, and made a food sher
iff, but if they were to take a atand on a
public highway, and tena every man that
pused, to the legislature, four timet of five
they. would tend u suitable a Legislator u
the man of their choioe. I have lived fn
this eonaty a long time, and have too good
an cinion of the good teate ,md btelB-geuce-cf
the people, to believe Oey can be
gullader kamkaggl ia thu .JjJ j
The New York Globe. : f LocofeooA af
the SOth . uttiino, sa'vs : "The electioo'.'of
lean be accomplished." and subseou
vurii a resui( inai an sane man si
1.1. ... . .:... . .
ine same article eaas: i be only- candidt
ates that will bar a respectable vote in th!
electoral college will bo Van Burea aid
Taylor. Hannibal. Journal, ,, -x, Vtii
,- Does the Journal . not know thai tbe
f Globe" is one of the BarnbrneHMltenf
and perfectly hostile, to the Baltimore nomi
nees? Why then dees, the Journal quote
ita sayings as "Locofoco"; evidence? is1 it
not a deception. upon the :nnweary t : Why
not tell the whole truth in connexion with
the sayings of the Globe, instead of deng1-
nating.u locoloco Van bufenor
Barnburner print would have been just u
easy and mada.no false impression..
arrival of Ueat mil Canou-MurO of
ten. EITlstt tJte Mr. Cbarle Ttn
and two otfaen, in the Ration Mona-
; -.J v: i
Lieut Kit Carson, arrived Tuesday morn
ing, on board the S. Joseph, from' Foit
Leavenworth, having made the'ehtire trip
inns vauiorniBt vuj oanta t e and i aos. in
eisnty aays. He brings tbe melancholy in
tellizenr-e of the murder of Gen.' Elliott
Lee, and Mr. Charles Town, the two sur
vivors orme massacre or, Taos, ) in the Rat
tori Mountains, by the Apache Indians. '
i Lieut. Carson left California on the 6th
of May. Governor Mason was in command
of the military, and all-wu quiiet. He ar
rived at Santa Fe oh the 14th .June, - and
lei t tor i aos on the 28U. There wat noth
ing new at Santa Fev He met with no per
sonal adventures of moment on his whole
ioarnev. il .-. S "- -'
At 1 aos, be heard of the murders above
leferred to. Jt aeexrs that 'When Messrs.
Lee and. Town reached the lower crossing
of the Arkansas, they left their company,
who went by the lower route to Santa Fe.
They took the route by the way of Bent's
xojtand laos. borne distance above Bent s
Fori, their party was swelled to fourteen,
by falling in with tome men going to Taos
The united party proceeded on their way,
Until they had got into the Ratton Moun
tains, where, on the 14th, June, while pass
ing through a deep ravine, they were at
tacked by over one hundred Apache Indi
ans. The ground was poorly adapted to de
fense, and the Indians possessed great ad
vantaee. Tbey not only fired on the small
party, but hurled heavy stones down the ar.
chvity by which means aeveral of the men
and animals were crippled.
The party were compelled to abandon
their property and animals, and attempted
to save themselves by retreating. Early in
the engagement, Mr. Charles Town receiv
ed a contusion which fractured hit ankle.
His companions for some time endeavored
to bear him with them, but . becoming very
faint he requested that they would leave
him. ''Take care of yourselves, boys," he
said, "I cannot proceed farther." They
left him, and a short time after, saw many
Indians approaching him. iown stilt .pos
sessed his rifle and pistol, and with, them
killed 2 of the enemy, ere he was immolated.
Shortly after this Gen. Lee received a
ball in one of his thighs, which shattered it
tie wat carried about a mile by his com-
anions, where, at his own request, he was
eft -He said he could not proceed further,
and that if he should not be overtaken by
the Indians, who were in pursuit, he would
either bleed himself tn death, or shoot him
self. There was but little life remaining in
him when he wu left, et he had bled very
profusely. .
In the course of the sction, in. which the
small party killed a number of the Indians,
a Mexican by the name of 'Jose Carman,
and a Frenchman bv the name of Pasear
Riviere, companioi.a of Lee end Town,
were killed, and five others were wounded.
When about fifteen miles from Taos, the
survivors met a party of forty men,' who,
instead ofgoingm search of Gen. Lee, re
turned to Taos, M
Lieut. Canon appears in excellent health,
and proceeds at once to Washington, the
bearer of despatches. .
A vouneer brother of Charles town, was
of the party who Went by the lower route
to Santa Fe. Both L.ee end Town nave
many friends in this community who mourn
their untimely fte. S. Louis tfyan,
July25tht . i
I wish yon would give me that gold ring
on your finger,'? said tillage dandy to a
country girl, "for .It resembles the duration
cf my love foryoa itJusnoenev? ."Ex.
ohm me, sir. Said she( MI choose to keep
to no beginning '
iiwi Demoerat-Hl yalar t Danreorat
a. CwButicrDeoerati:Xamaf3j-
ejr1, Buer, jHebaBerM
chCch laori Such name have vslri-
chraOonfottterr, f am roatcatto iUnd "by
the proodbanrisr of Dnobicyv.to fight
uudefc lis broad foWs, an4 to.eobjr or die
with its gloeiont colott waving over my
head. I care not who'1 raise the shout of
disunion; my voice win neters Well the try
If there WaW fencU trvmbiewifh apvre
titarmjiJM terft deertet shoot thest -
ib victory or oeieaiu weas orwo
iff'yi;efmlij6Tltt; Jsiokor swii wife .
te gas.iicai rjaibcfatic party. f
, :;4 ;DEMO(JrA 5
;' Extract' fronV Martin NaS Bnrent lefteY
to the IndianaiDemoexatiesState Convene
tion of. ,1843-dated.Kude7kdok, Feb.
15th, 1843.'
"My name tad pie tensions', however sub
ordinatefn importanoeA4A never -be at th4
disposal of any person' whatever, for thi ,
purpose of crtatwg atstrttatorhof division
un m uenweraiuf party. titer attempt
to use them for tyeh-o ovrpose, whenever t
and whervtr 'tnade-jShatt oe'arested by
an interference on my parti alike prompt
and decisive, i I HgAtd the VpresUency U
tbe highest and most honorable of political
distinctions, vet it is onht at the undoubted
and free tnll offering bfJtjue democracy of
the nation that J toovfd acctvt it,htCKOtt it
it in that upect only that I-couI4--hope-to
render the-dischargeofits high duties eith
er useful to the country of honorable to my-
elf. i V- a M. VAN BUBENV
. This tame Martia.Yaa Bureniswba bad
been kept in office during .nearly a; whole
lifetime by the suffrages or the detaoeiat-
ic-party, and a strict adherence . Itb party
usages and regular nominations, it hoar', it
se4ms, lending hit name and infldenccy la
opposition to the chosen standard bearers'
of tbe democracy of the union.: i. fioyh.df
ferent his present course from the uneqtrivc
cu aoa pairtoiic language wuivu c 4U.U"?
above frotn bit Indiana , Utter. We calt
scarcely believe otohpwn'eyef U3-ire
the declaratjoh of Martin TanBuren, that
he shall oppose the nominees of the Deme
erotic naiiou,! vuuvcuuuu, i iwj
and Vice President 1. - --t-rf -
So cUrin? an instance of base inerau-
tude and political treachery cannot be found
in the annals of the country, as this. -r-r - c';
DANtst WiaaTKa. This eminent ,Whig;
hat not yet ascertained "where hewill go.'
He was invited to make a Taylor speechf in
Baltimore, bnt kept aloof. A writer In the
New York Evening Poststys: ' -f
You are probably not aware that ' "the
godlike" wu invited to address the great
ratification Taylor meeting in uanai street,
held some little time ago. He declined,
and gave his reasons. 1 The Whig Commit-'
tee hare tried to keep them secret, but they1
have leaked out They are . to the' effect- '
"that southern statesmen bare moaopotilced
the highest offices in our government foar
fifths.of the time since the decluation, of,
independence, to the exclusion of northern
men equally gifted and equally capable,
and be think the moment hu netf arrived'
when a stand should be taken by the north
for bis Dart, be cannot support neither will
he publicly oppose, the election of Genet,
al Taylor
5Xglx STxwAat falsely chateed" Geri." 4
Cass with having received $60,000 extra"
pay during hit Governorship of Michigan.--Tbe
facts show that for extra services, in
eluded in, his official duties, he received on--ly
12,712 in the course. of 17 years. .... -
Oen. Taylor Has been paia out.ot ,w v .
,S. Treasury or regular servieesi yif '
nothing of extra allowances, only the taail
sum 127,000. . i - r- ; : V "T
-, . .v . . .. i.i ri jik&$ir
A Sham Vouth at a Barofa-4$s31M
said agreenijoutii, in a venerable white 1$ ,
and gray pant, through which his legs pra-;)
iected half a feet perhaps .more SaJJy,
' t : ' j. -..iTiil
half a
afore we go into this ere museum to see tne.
Emcb a HTxn Hour, I want to ex yo?
someth'inU: ! '!:. '; f
WeU, Ichabod, what ia it?' -: . ; )
Why, yon see this ere business is a ulne.n
liMunaa ft A at, bl tlwMa 1kvamAiiV.
won ny eowtrus. v snoot aesertert tn
to cost a quarter apiece, and I cant afford ;,
to spend so much for nuth'n. ' Now, if yottc' .
will hajre me, darn' ef I don't payihe hull '? '
on't myself. .1 tofipos-tUtiv.vily. & -s
Sally made a non-committal reply, which a.
Ichabod interpreted to auit himself, and hp j
strode up two steps at a time, and paid do-wp... .
the Miull-on't. :' 'J 1 :
tien. (fasU J'tttonal CharaMerAb 1
jbott Lawrence, .in apeech - at a iTayler i
meeting at Butlirtriin lut week, mada.tha .
remark of toe democra,uc eanaaate foil tha Z
presidency f-C::: 1 -
'.I know him well I have broken tyead '
with him ih btiewti tatti'e,' and be -with ta4 .
in mine. He li a arentieaian a man of tns
r- 7
t 4
Bun w iae aeyt f Jeisetl asd Adams,
netaiaa; ena ju"y oe jaw. " .
i tT-..-.?-j-:.-.

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