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The Marshall republican. [volume] (Marshall, Saline County, Mo.) 1899-1914, February 20, 1914, Image 6

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I KIDAV, ITimi'AItV 20. 11
PAOU SIX.
MAIlHIfAM; IirrimLICAX
s ;
Making Tomorrow's
By WALTER, WILLIAMS, LL.D.
(Dean tlU Sttwtlifl-tmJUm tftkt Untnnttu efMluntO
FRANCE WHICH
jsss&te Houiogne-s u r
ST VTv. Solno, Franco.
Frnnco surely
laughs In her
sloevo at her In
terpreters frnm
other lands, The
majority of theso
Interpreters, fas
cinated by tlio til
luring gayoly of
tho boulevards,
nnd In Paris the
key to tho French
character. Oth
ers though, look
in ; bayond,
sprinklo their In
l c r p r ei t a tlons
with Mich adjec
tives of dwcrlp
lion na light
hearted, vloluto
cxtrnragant. Others, to I tit? the
French Sunday, learning that In tho
rhnrmlrc Fr ch InntruaR" thcro U no
word for home, observing the gay,
v 111 to ways cf tho cities, or reading
of ft declining birth rate, quickly pro
nounce France Idle, undomustlc, Irre
ligious, Immoral. Now lraneo, curl
ouily, U In many of her chnraotorU
tics tho antlthtms of these popular
nnd far-spread Interpretations. To es
timate her place nnd part In to-morrow's
world, a morn nearly accurate
knowledbo of her characteristics to
day U of course nocswary.
Paris Vs. France.
First, In Judging Franco It must bo
kept In mind that Paris it not France.
Many of tha descriptive adjective om
ployed In picturing France do apply to
Paris, or, nt least, to the sections of
Paris whero foreign travelers inutt
io congregate. Tho vivid, colorful
cafes, tho all-night restaurants, tho
prurient novels and post cards, ure,
to a largo dogref, an effort to glvo tho
tourlst-publlc what It wants, or what
Paris thinks It wants. Tho real Franco
Salad Field
may not bo seen on Paris streets aft
er dark. Paris Is a beautiful city, and
tho French are lovers of beauty. Hut
Paris Is royalist and Franco la repub
lican. Purls Is politically restless, nnd
Franco Is stablo. Purls Is extrava
gant, and Franco Is thrifty,
Paris Is a sparkling diamond on tho
broad blouso of all France. It is not
ctrangu that tho diamond's spnrklo is
first seen and longest remembered.
Uut tho republic is clothed and kept
In its right mind by rural Franco.
A Nation of Farmers.
Th real ruler or Franco Is Uio
peasant-farmer. Other great nations
nro rapidly becoming urbanized. Tho
olty is drawing mou and women from
tho farm with rapidity that Is alarm
lug In Great Britain, In Germany, and
oven in tho nowcr United States. Civ
HUatiou confronts problems created
by modern Industrialism. That fac
tory products havo thus far too often
meant distressful conditions of liv
ing for tho factory laborer and his
family la a grim fact in ovcry Indus
trial nation. Franco, in this change",
remains almost stationary and .takes
tfmo to, adjust herself to tho newer
and different conditions. Tho oho
great European republic Is an agri
cultural empire. Tho high and Bta
bio position which agriculture occu
pies la significant. Moro than 42 per
ajeut of tho population In Franco is
an gaged In agriculture, far moro than
Is any other country of northern Eu
rope',' Groat Britain, .Germany, Belgium
or tho Netherlands, and one-fourth
acre ftta In tho United States. This
VNrc4$tAf ot tho population engaged
JsjsrleiMturo fliows a slight Increase
loj recast y cars Instead of a largo de
crtttM M In other leading nations.
(This "condition la maintained despito
.it W' SBtei&rins; countries, and nearly
'y it(r tlptiit ti great as In tho United
rr.taiu?..QHiiiity of,populatlpn almost
vs ij&iy smut urbftulxatloa. Franco
PARIS IS NOT
I Is a notnblo exception. Hero tho
farmer continues to farm.
' Peasant Farmers Land Owners.
i Tho French peasant farmor must
not bo associated with tho G&rrann or
tiu Jrltlsh farm laborer. Ho la of a
different nnd n higher class. This
dlfforenco Is brought about, In a largo
mcasuro, by the fact that ho is nn
owner of the land, not merely a ten
ant. Sixty-three, per cent, of tho
French peasants nro householders,
owning tholr horaoa, oftentimes "a
f-mnll thing but my own." Revolution
does nut easily originate among thu
owners of homes. Tho French pooh-,
nntry nre the conservative, force in
the republic. It mut not ho Inferred,
however, that with thorn conservatism
spells stagnation. Though not a rev-1
olutlonltt, tho French peasant is not,
a reactionary. Ho If materially nndj
morally progressive. Ho thinks with
a clearness that sotno philosophers'
mU$ht envy. Ho expresses himself i
lth a gracfl and a precision that, ln-:
herlted by his children, gives them a
birthright of speech in pulpit, tribune, ;
joutnallem, unsurpassed by any land.
nl.ilH.i.t.k.il f - i n... I
Mifaiifiyuisncu awn. vi rctiMiiis.
It Is not strange that llochefort and
Clcrsenccau, tho Journalists, I-aborl,
tho odvooat". Millet, tho painter, I'oin-i
oaro, Fallleres and Ivrabet, statesmen,!
and a host of other, scientists, schol-.
nrs, preachers, legtelitors, nro the,
rotis of pensants. When the newly
elected president ot tho third republic. :
Krolle Loubet, halted his triumphal en I
try Into Montellutar that he might em-1
, brace his peasant mother, the Incl-:
1 dent which moistened every Frci.ch
! yo and warmed every French heart, (
, auurcd thu now president's popularity, .
for Franco rocognlt its dependence!
' upon tho peasantry and honors, above'
I most nations, motherhood. It Is good
politics, therefore, when tho present
scholar-president of France, motoring
through Franco to his country place, j
as this letter Is wrlttin, turns nsldu to1
In France.
vlelt his two living predecessors In of
flco, finding them ut work in their
vineyards.
Rural Schools Prorjresslng.
Tho evolution of tho Fronch peasant
Is tho history of modern France. Ho
Is oraphusltlng education as never be
fore. Tho development of tho rural
school in Franco Is a romarkublo fact
In tho republic's progross. Tho con
troversy between statu nnd church,
bitted na it wns In tho oxtrcmo and
unfortunate, has mudo neceusury larg
er stato grants to education which
havo been udmlnistcrcd even in re
mote districts with Increasing wisdom.
Uortnln distinguishing French charac
teristics, optltudo for eclenco, clarity
of mind, concentration and tho criti
cal faculty, Intellectuality and artistic
tasto, aro shown nowhere moro pro-
nounccdly than In tho French schools
and rofcronco Is rondo not merely
to tho Sorbonno or tho Ecolu do Iloaux
Ana, but to tho small schools far re
moved from tho capital. Tho French
peasant wishes tho best for his chll
dren.
Tho French peasant nbt only owns
France ho works. As Franco leads
In percentage of her poDulatlon on
gaged In agriculture, Franco leads also
In tbo-relatlvo percentage of her pop
ulation who nro economically nctlvo
members of society. In this sunny
land, whero ovorybody apparently
loafs his llfo away, moro workers aro
to uo lounu, in proportion to tho nura
bor of Inhabitants, than In Great Urlt
aln, Germany, or our own United
States. Tho census statistics show
that of ovcry 100 persons In tho United
States 38 are engaged In some, chlof
occupation, agriculture, commorco or
Industry, including domestic service.,
and not subsidiary or auxiliary. In
VJreat Britain 41 of every, 100 aro so en
gaged, in Gormnny 45, and in France
CI,, Tho French aro workers, not
idlers,, and this cercentaeo Increases
with, each docade. Not only cio more
men, work in, Franco, but moro- wom
en, also, than In tho other great na
tlons. In tho United States 14 por
cent, of tho femala population, at tho
latest available report, was engaged In
somo gainful principal occupation; in
Great Britain, 21 per cent.; in Ger
many, 30 per cent, and In Franco,
nearly 35 per cent.
Peasant Woman Holds the Purse,
Tho French peasant woman, as
wtfo and mother, ns village merchant
and farm manager, is a most Impor
tant personage. Sho holds tho purso.
From her savings enmo tho enormous
Indemnity which Germany exacted
from France after Hcdnn. Often a
shop-keeper, sho Is always a sou
keeper. Laborlousness and thrift;
ch&ractorite her dally life. Decauso of
this toll and thrift France, In mate
rial resource, Is a nation almost or
quite sunlclcnt to Itself.
Tho thrift has been aided by tho
fact, explanatory of much In prexent
Franco, that the French peasant Is a
land owner, Ills problems ot lugiala
tlon differ from thotu of his German
and British neighbors. lie has no land
question. He Is occupied with doing
things, rather than with undoing
things Inherited.
Women Largely Self-Supporting.
The French woman shops with a
market basket and not with a tele
phone, that modern promoter of high
prices. Eiunllully a home-maker and
a homo-keeper, sho enjoys nn eco
nomic Independence that her Anglo
Saxon sisters do not know. Many
French girls nre self-supporting be
fore marriage, and remain so after
wards. Even whero they do not
earn their living, they have a dot or
dowry for which the parents navu
from tho girl's bab hood and sho
pays her personal uxpensei from It I
"It is rarely, Indeed, said a
Fronch woman, "that cue sees In
Franco the helpless, Incompetent wom
an, who can turn her hand to t.oih-
Ing, haWng never learned to do ono
single thing well. Adaptable and en
ergetic, the French womau can do
most things In tho most ctllcient man
ner possible her kuowledse Is never
scrappy and what she knows sho
knows consummately." The new wom
an may be near at hand In Franco,
but when sho nrrlveJ sho wilt ccr.p
without stridont voice or social revo
lution, and will ccurcoly havo mora
power than now.
The Peasant at Home.
In Journeying In rural Franco the
French peasant Is seen at homo and
nt his best. Ho is not on dress pa
rado as Paris Is upon Its boulevards.
Ho Is shrewd, almost cunning; dtgnl
lied, almost courtly; uneducated fre
quently, but never boorish; possosiod
of all tho homely virtues, frugal, serious-minded
and devout. To ths
stranger ho Is hospitality Itself, and to
his own countrymen ho has a pep
feet genius for friendship.
High Regard for Woman.
With alt their family quarrels, thero
Is a continuous entente cordlaloi
among tho French peasant folk. Throo 1
appeals arouso their enthusiasm to Its !
highest point: Woman, ns wlfo nnd
mother; tho tri color with its declara
tion ot liberty, equality, fraternity;
and the republic, which to them stands
tor political, social, economic progress.
Characteristic of tho French, In dell-
acy, woman-adoration and felicity ot
speech, was tho manner In which tho
sad news of the death ot tho dlstln-'
gulshed French statesman, M, Thiers,
was announced to his widow: "Mad-
umo, your Illustrious husband oncoiw
lived." Again, a presidential candi
date, a peasant's son, who married a
woman ot doubtful reputation, was
sharply attacked In tho Paris and pro
vincial press for his political vlowa,
but never a word was published re
garding his wlfo. No womun's name
Is dragged Into tho public prints of
France,
"Tho Engllth havo a scornful In
sular way
Of calling the French light The lev
ity
Is In tho Judgmont only, which yet
stands;
For ssy a foolish thing but oft enough
(And hero a tho secret of a hundred
creeds
Men get opinions as boys learn to
spell,
By alteration, chiefly) the samo thing
shall pass at last for absolutely
wise
And not with fools exclusively. And so
Wo Buy tho French aro light, as If we
said,
Tho cat mows or tho milch cow gives
us milk. ,
"Is a bullet light
That dashes front tho gunmouth, while
tho cyo
Winks, and tho heart beats ono; to
flatten Itself
To a wafer ou tho wblto speck of a
wall
A hundred paces off? Even, so. dl
roct, Bo strongly undlvertlblo of aim
Ib this French pcoslo
"All idealists.
And so I am strong to love this noblo
Franco,
This poot ot tho nations,- who dreams
on
Forovcr after somo Ideal good
Somo equal polso ot sex, soma un
avowed lovo
Inviolate, somo spontaneous brothor-
hood,
Some wealth that leaves nono poor
and finds nono tired,
Somo freedom of. tho many that re
spects
Tho. wisdom of tho taw."
And this Is not Paris, but Franco).
If tho supremo tost ot tomorrow's
world, is jwhat It makes of tho Individ
ual In his dallylfo, thcro nro,,paaay
lofisons to bo learned among the
gravq and gonllo, Idealistic peasant
folk oVpa. Bollo France.
(Cosarricbt. HM,- by Joseph D. Bowles.)
AHUt'T' UOAI) WOltK
luilut- l,(iuo Ailvicci Annlnst Work.
In Itouds Too Early In tho
Spring.
In a statement given out to the
weekly nnd dally newspapers for
publication nflcr February 11, Judge
J, M. Lowe, president of thu National
Old Trails Association, warns farm
ers against spring road work. Ho suyr
"Tho tendency of tho average farm
er is to t;ct out his plow, Just before
spring work opens, and fix tho rondt
ft here they trouble him most. He
works under a handicap because Ik
nn n't I ho proper road making tools
but he works Just the samo and with
rome result. Ho hoops up n grade ant,
Iran thu lop or It level until It)
unit nnd general aoparaneo It li
ovorylhlnr; he ileslroc nn n tcmpornr)
roadway.
71k- fanner tnt-an nil right ot
lournc; hut ho Is throwing nwuy hi
labor, Just thu same. The spring nnr.
iho fall nro unpropltlous seasons tr
'Stnbllth loose earth tirades. It mlc.li:
work with macadam or rock, but the
heavy rains thnt como about Kaotet
md npnln in June make a stick;
sle out of the soft plica and final!)
Aiish nwny under the lino fences.
CattI
c
Hog
HOUSEHOLD GOODS,
4
At my farm, 5 miles soutli of Malta Ee.ici arc! 3 miies csst of
lWednesdati
' ia.!i9VV-
CATTLE
2 Jerocy cows, be fresh in March, extra
2 Jerseys, just fresh. 2 Jerseys, milking
1 1-4 Jersey, just fresh, 8 calves
8 2-year-old steers 10 yearling steers
1 family driving horse
1 span extra farm mules.
HOGS
12 brood sows, immune., 135 slock hogs
3 sows with litters.
CHICKENS
5 dozen White Rocks, pure..
5 white turkeys.
6 galvanized chicken coops and other equip
ment;
Sale
Begins at 10 a. nt.
TERMS 'Two
The making of roads Is ono of tlir
oldest of known nrts. It wns In n stall
of high protection nt tha time oi
Julius Ccasnr. Tha nnclcnt Romant
knew practically na much about It
then as wo do now, for tho people hnd
boon malting highways since tho pre
historic tree-dweller cut his wa)
through tho Jungles with n stone
hatchet, It was an axiom then ns ll
is now with nil scientific road build
crs thnt grades of dirt tiro not to b
constructed when the ground Is fro
zoii, In thu spring or In the fall.
There Is a practical virtue In the
farmers paying their road tax instead
of nttpmptlng to "work It out" for it
happen:' that tho very time to do the
work la when tho fnrmor hasn't n
inlnuto to spare In the middle of
the summer.
Judge I.owo Is warning nil suppor
ters of the good road movement
throughout the length of tin propos
ed old trails route to help dofont the
"pork barret" legislation now under
ronnlderntlon at Washington. Presi
dent Wilson, ns well as nil of the road
nsto'iatlon hnvo declared themsolvrr.
opposed (o the bill,
J. II. and Joo T Plattner ot Grand
Pass wrro In Marshall Thursday on
lmlnes.
OF-
s, Farming I
AS FOLLOWS:
is... iKH
per cent discount tor- cash. ' 8
I'lKUie.i oti Milch Conn.
Tho estimates Indicate that thfj
number of milch cows on farms in
tho United States is now 20,737.000,
an tncrcaso of about onc-hulf of one
per cent over tho census figures of J
1010. Mcnnwhllo the average farm
prlco of milch cows hns Increased j
from $35. 78 In I'.llO to $53.01. or nn
Increnso ot fi0.7 per cent. On this
basts the farm value of milch cows
now In tho United Stnlos h estimated
at ft, 118,187.000 as compared with
an estimated value in tho consuA year
of $738, IS Ien, rn Increase ot
f 380,303.0en. or pn aventgo minim!
Increnso for lour ;va.s of $!)ri,07!i,
000.
Mnny Wolves Were Killed.
During tho flsrnl year, closed July
1, 4,754 grown and cub wolves wero
killed In thu state of Minnesota. The
stato payn a bounty of $7. .10 for th
grown wolves nnd $3 tor tho cubs,
this makes n total of $.r (50.50 thnt
tho stato has paid In .'. If bouutlo
during thu year.
Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Mlulek nrrlvcd in
Marshall Thttrrday for u fow days
visit with Mrs. Mlnlcks parents, Mr.
and Mis. Charley Wcrley.
mplements
$3
q3q
.. FARMING IMPLEMENTS
1 Jay Hawker stacker.
1 sweep rake 1 hay rake
1 McCormick mower. v
1 Janes ville corn planter
1 Case corn planter new
1 two-row cultivator new
1 New Departure cultivator
1 two-section harrow. , 1 4 horse disc
1 Oliver gang plow. 1 low wagon
1 14.inch turning plow. 1 bob s!ed'
1 grain and seed cleaner.
1 good lawn, mower. 50 feet garden hose.
2 sets tug harness. 1 set chain harness, t
1 set breast harness. 2 saddles
35 3-year pine trees for wind break.
150 bushels of oats, rercleaned and sacked.
HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE
1 good piano. 1 large refrigerator
3 bed-room suits, chairs, tables, etc.
1 good No. 4 Sharpies separator.
2 8-gallbn cream cans.
SEE
H. B. BRISTOW
FOR
First-Class Painting 8c
Paper Hanging.
2G years' experience.) I have
a splendid line of
Up-to-Datc
WALL PAPER
SAMPLES
Always On Hand.
I'lacc your order early, so na
lo avoid the rush laler on I
Phone 281, or
call at 464,
West Arrow SL,
Marshall, Mo
Mrs, Ezra Baker of Waynesburg,
Penn., who nrrlveu Sunday afternoon
to ho present nt tho funeral of her
brother tho late A. D. Swisher will
remain for a fow dr.) visit to riia
tlvrs. Mi, Leonard, on
19
and
free Lunch on the tads
pr ct.. interest.
Myt - jf
Mi- il. j '2CCMr' ' :.-r...

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