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UNIVERSITY MISSOURIAN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1908. I
umvBisiiy Mijiirmiiisrrjirr I SPIRIT OF THE NEWS 1 V1EWF01NTS than-,, r? I
evening newspaper published xt Columbia,
Mo., every schoolJay by the Department of
Journalism of the University
Entered at the postoffice at Columbia, Mo.,
second-class mail matter.
SUBSCRIPTION Imariably In Advance!
By Mail or Carrier:
School Year, $2.00; Semester, $1.25.
Single Copies, Two Cent.
Business Office Room E, Academic Hall,
Universityot Missouri, Columbia, Mo.
Department office, 377.
Business Office, 714.
Only Approved Adrertifing Accepted.
Kate on Application.
Address all communication to
Nov. 19. Assembly, Auditorium, 10 a.m.
Cass County Club, Room 39,
Academic Hall, 4:30 p. m.
Lecture by George Z. T.
Nov. 19. Student assembly, band con
cert, 10 a. ra.
Nov. 20. Student volunteer band, '"The
Far Kast and Christianity,"
Y. W. C. A. room, 7 p. m.
Nov. 21. Atlienaean Literary Society.
Union Literary Society.
New Era Debating Club, Room
11, Academic Hall, 7:30 p. m.
M. S. U. Debating Club.
Nov. 25. 4 p. in. to Nov. 30, at 8 a. m.
Dec. 3, 8 p. m.f and Dec. 4, all day,
Oriental sale, . V. C. A.,
Dec. 4. Lecture, John T. McCutcheon,
Dec. 11 and 12. Inauguration of Presi
dent A. Ross Hill.
Dec. 12. '-She Stoops to Conquer."
Dec. 18. Lecture, Lorado Taft, Audito
io A. M. Thursday
From the very beginning of newspa
pers in England, there existed a feeling
of hostility on the part of the govern
ment. There was, perhaps, some ground
for the attitude of the government in
the nature of the early news sheets,
but its first attacks were made not so
much upon the contents of the "news
letters" and "mercuries" as upon their
very existence. Ed Coleman (1035), the
first martyr to the cause of journalism
in England, met his death because he cir
culated his news letters, not because he
wrote them. Whatever the cause, there
early arose an enmity between the gov
ernment and newspapers, wliich found
one of its clearest expressions in the
struggle which the two had over the
reporting of Parliamentary news.
Originally, the accounts of proceedings
of Parliament were by the authority of
the government, "A Perfect Diurnal of
the Passages in Parliament." published
in 1G42, being the first weekly publica
tion with this news in it. But' in time,
the reports lwcame more and more elabo
rate, and fearless. Many "Mercuries"
sprang up that published government
news and criticisms upon it without
January 23, 1722, there appeared, in
the "Journals of the House of Commons,"
tin following resolutions:
"Resolved, That no news-writers do
presume in their letters or other papers
that they disperse as minutes, or under
any other denomination, to intermeddle
with the debates or any other proceed
ings of the House. Resolved, also, that
no printer or publisher of any printed
newspaper do presume to insert in any
such papers any debates or any other
proceedings of this House or any com
But, despite Parliament's efforts to the
contrary, reporters continued to write
up its doings. Edward Cave was one of
most spirited and systematic reporters.
It was in 1703 that he began to make
Parliamentary news a special feature
of his "Gentleman's Magazine." With
the aid of two other men, he would get
the news secretly and publish it in his
paper with the initials of the speakers.
Hi3 determined efforts brought forth an
other resolution from Parliament simi
lar to the one of 1722. But Cave had
recourse to his ingenious plan of substi
tuting easily discernible names in "An
Appendix to Captain Gulliver's Account
of the Famous Empire of Lilliput," and
though he was brought before Parlia-
ment and reprimanded and his editor, Dr. I
Johnson, wrote many of the printed
speeches more from his brain than his
notes, yet, by his perseverance and un
tiring industry, he won for Englishmen
the right not openly acknowledged, but
tacitly conceded of knowing how far
their representatives act up to their
promises and their principles.
The final struggle between the press
and Parliament came in 1771 and the
battle was a dramatic one. Leading up
to it were numerous fines imposed by
Parliament for the printing of noble
men's names. On March 12, 1771, the
House of Commons made complaint
against several printers, six in all, for
printing the proceedings of the House.
Among these was J. Miller, of the Lon
don Evening-Post. When Miller was
arretted, he appeared lefore the Lord
Mayor. Bass Crosby, Esq., was dis
ehargeu on the grounds that the speak
er's warrant was illegal and had the
messenger arretted for assault. This,
together with the similar action of sev
eral other aldermen staggered the
Ilou-e. A trial followed and the alder
men were committed to the Tower. The
city of London, of course, was mid!
On July 23, Parliament was prorogued
and its power to hold the aldermen in
durance expiring, they marched out of
the Tower amidst the triumphant
shouts of the multitude. The House of
Commons took its defeat and the House
of Lords accepted its example. The law
stepped in and took its place as the
power to try printers and since then
the English people have been told freely
the words and doing-, of the memliers
Miss Clementine Dorsey gave an in
formal dance la-t evening to a few
friends at her home on College avenue.
The Alpha Tau Omega fraternity gave
an informal dance at their chapter
house on Hitt street Monday evening.
Miss Mary Isbel, a former student
in the University, is visiting at the
Kappa Kappa Gamma House.
The Home Economics Club will enter
tain Friday evening in their laboratories
in the Geology building.
A NEWSPAPER CREED
JAMES MeCLATCHY & CO. is the
firm name of the publisher of the
Sacramento Bee. Mr. McCIatchy
lias put his newspaper creed into the
following concrete form:
The Bee demands from all its writers
accuracy before anything else. Better
lo-c an item than make a splurge one
day and correct it next.
Equally with that, it demands abso
lute fairness in the treatment of news.
Reports must not lie colored to please
a friend or wrong an enemy.
Don't editorialize in the news col
umns. An accurate report is its own
Don't exaggerate. Every exaggera
tion hurts immeasurably the cause it
pretends to help.
If a mistake is made it must be cor
rected. It is as much the duty of a
Bee writer to work to the rectification
of a wrong done by an error in an item
as it is first to use every precaution
not to allow that error to creep in.
Be extremely careful of the name
and reputation of women. Even when
dealing with the unfortunate remem
ber that so long as she commits no
crime other than her own sin against
chastity she is entitled at least to pity.
Sneers at race or religion or physi
cal deformity, will not be tolerated.
"Dago," "Mick," "Sheeny," even "Chink"
or "Jap," these are absolutely forbid
den. This rule of regard for the feelings
of others must be observed in every
avenue of news, under any and all con
ditions. There is a time for humor and there
is a time for seriousness. The Bee
likes snap and ginger at all times. It
will not tolerate flippancy on serious
subjects on any occasion.
The furnisher of an item is entitled
to a hearing for his side at all times,
not championship. If the latter is
ever deemed necessary, the editorial
department will attend to it.
Interviews given the paper at the
paper's request arc to be considered
immune from sneers or criticism.
In every accusation against a public
official or private citizen, make every
effort to have the statement of the ac
cused given prominence in the original
In the case of charges which are not
ex-officio or from a public source, it is
better to lose an item than to chance
the doing of a wrong.
Consider the Bee always as a tri
bunal that desires to do justice to all;
that fears far more to do injustice to
the poorest begger than to clash
swords with wealthy injustice.
New Part of Speech.
For sheer simplicity of phrase and
conception few have surpassed that de
lightful old lady who, with a shrewd
twinkle in her eye, inquired whether
' fluln -tiniAn' ehmiM Ha rmnil-s J.
"""k" buuuhi. ik milieu as two
separate words, or if there should be a
syphon between them?" Argonaut.
, n 1 fcJUlV 1 A1NJJ MUKSE 1
The record made in the arrest and sub
sequent trial and conviction of Peter
Van Vlissingcn, real estate dealer and
distant relatfre of President Roosevelt,
in Chicago, for forgery is new along
the line of speedy trials and convictions.
The records show that in exactly two
and one-fourth hours from the time
that Vlissingen was arrested he was
lodged in jail ready to be takento the
state penitentiary for a sentence of
from one to fourteen years. This rec
ord is significant. Judge Windes, of the
criminal court of Chicago, should receive
the thanks of every fair:minded man
for setting a new pace in trials where
there is no doubt as to the guilt of the
accused. In most cases of this kind,
the guilty person is tried, and found
guilty, then some technicality is found
in the indictment, and a new trial is
granted, then this time after the culprit
is convicted, his lawyers appeal the
case, and it goes to a higher court, and
so on for perhaps a period of five or
si years, until finally all of his funds
are exhausted, when he is either duly
convicted or set free, because the peo
ple have forgotten the case or have
lost all interest in it. From the con
struction of our present penal code,
many guilty men are permitted to go
free simply because they have sufficient
money to hire skillful lawyers to find
or make technicalities in some of the
legal documents concerning their arrest
and trial. This should not be true, and
the example of Judge Wjndcs in Chi
cago should be followed by every other
criminal judge in the United St.ates.
The report of the election returns
concerning the candidacy of William R.
Painter, candidate for lieutenant-governor
on the democratic ticket, and Ja
cob F. Gmelich, candidate for the same
office on the republican ticket, show
Painter to have a lead of 67 votes over
his rival. This long drawn out contest
shows that some method should be de
vised by which election results could be
determined sooner. It must be hard on
a candidate and his friends to have their
feelings moved from the zero point one
day to the sunny degrees of hope on
the next, and then probably dashed
back to the zero point again, the follow
At last Senator Stephen B. Elkins
has made another statement in regard
to the rumored engagement of his
daughter, Miss Katherinc Elkins, to the
Duke of Abruzzi of Italy. He says it
is not true, and that no engagement
exists, but he compromises his state
ment by refusing to say that no "under
standing" exists between his daughter
and the Duke. This is certainly good
news, and something that the public
has been waiting for for several months.
If the statement had been made two
months ago, perhaps the Duke's "feel
ings" would not have been hurt by the
rude stories that the American news
papers have been printing about the ru
mored engagement. There are few true
Americans who would not like to sec
one of our American girls in direct line
for the throne of one of the leading
European countries, but what they
would like to know is the facts in the
case. If an engagement exists, let's
have the truth about it. There certain
ly has been enough advertising done for
all parties concerned.
The Chicago Board of Education is
planning to build an educational insti
tution for the education of delinquent
children, and also for those suffering
from tuberculosis. The school is to be
built on a farm near the city limits
of Chicago, and is to consist of separate
buildings for male and female children,
as well as separate buildings for chil
dren suffering from either tuberculosis
or subnormal development. This is a
good idea, and something that every
school board should pay attention to.
The care of delinquent children is a
problem that confronts every school
board to some extent, but is more true
in a large city than anywhere else.
The practice of holding children arrested
in the cities in the same cells or same
buildings with hardened criminals should
have been discontinued long ago. The
practice of permitting diseased pupils
to sit in the same rooms, with other
children is even worse. 'A school of this
kind will enable the authorities to treat
these cases scientifically, and it will
prevent the spread of crime, as well as
disease among the children in the public
In the fire at Clayton, Mo., yesterday,
in which men fought all night to keep
the flames from coming in contact with
a powder magazine, a kind of bravery
was shown that should receive more
attention than is usually the case.
People grow accustomed to thinking
of heroes only in connection with wars
and national disasters, and forget all
about the kind of heroism that makes
men fight as they did in this case in
close proximity to certain death to save
the lives of their friends and their
property from destruction. In this in
stance, only a th.u door separated the
flames from hundreds of keg3 of pow
der, but the men thought not of the
(The TJnlrerslty lflssoorlan lnrltea ceatri
bntioos. not to exceed 200 words, oa Batten
of TJnlrerslty Interest. The name of the
writer should accompany toch letters, hat win
not be printed unleas desired. The DatTer
slty Mlnonrlan does not express appreral hot
dliapproTal of these commonlesUoaa fey pctex
Which Is Hardest?
To the Editor of the TJnlrerslty Mlsaoarlan:
In interviewing members of the dif
ferent departments the writer found that
each one was confident that his depart
ment was the hardest. A disinterested
committee should be chosen to decide
which is the hardest, and then compel
the other departments to increase their
work until they are equally as hard.
Straining After Society.
To the Editor of the University Missourian:
Half the strainers in society are an
abomination. They strive and strain
every nerve to the bursting point, just
to put on one more ruffle and think
that dress will take them through the
world. Such petty aristocracy is dis
gusting to the truly aristocratic. The
real society woman looks down on them.
They really do not deceive anyone ex
cept maybe a few upstarts of their own
class. The worst part of this is, that
they think they are better than the gen
eral run of mankind. However no one
is deceived but themselves. Sad to say
the University of Missouri is greatly
overrun with such creatures.
Dining Club Permits.
To the Editor of the TJnlrerslty Mlssourlan:
The question of University Dining
Club meal-permits demands the imme
diate attention of those in authority.
This year, whenever permits have
changed hands, it has been invariably,
as far as the writer's observation goes,
at a premium. The Club in the second
provision of its by-laws sets forth its
object as economy. Now, if this prin
ciple i3 to be carried out in spirit as
well as in letter, it is absurd to keep
the price of board down to 1.30, and
yet put no regulation upon the ex
change of permits, and" suffer specula
tion in them to be carried on.
The precedent established this year
is only a forerunner of what will fol
low next year, now that the demand
for permits has outgrown the capacity
of the Club for accommodating them.
What is to prevent a student from buy
ing two or more permits at the first of
the year, and disposing of them later
at a profit? The regulation that no
student may receive more than one per
mit is manifestly useless when it comes
to meeting this condition of affairs.
One man's money, if not one man, could
purchase any number.
lhe remedy is simple; make meal
permits non-transferable, and if they
are to be exchanged, let it be done
through the treasurer of the University,
from whom they are bought, or through
some one appointed by the Club to serve
in this capacity, and let him see to it
that they are exchanged at their pro
rata valuation, the only fair way.
A CLUB MEMBER.
Knockers and the Coach.
To the Editor of the UnlTersltr Missourian:
This is not written in defense of any
one; our coach does not need defending.
His work speaks for itself.
And, students, beside this, even if
there was cause for knocking (which
most emphatically there is not), what
is the use of knocking? Do you real
ize that if you would be loyal and riot
hinder the progress of the team from
now on to Thanksgiving, you could put
away your hammers and talk about
something else. If you cannot say a
good word, then keep still.
Those that know our coach well
enough to say, would speak for him as
being in the front ranks, as a sincere
worker, a loyal man to his men, and
a careful man to work for. and last,
but far from being least, a perfect gen
tleman. The coaching side of his work need
not be touched upon. It has been
proved. Cayou, a good coach? Cer
tainly. But even if he did have light
men, they were not even in the right
place at the right time Saturday. Why?
For two reasons: First, the plays were
good; second, the men played them well.
Too much praise cannot be given the
men for their improvement in team
work, but let us not forget that the
coach who gets all the blame for a lost
game and none of the praise for games
won. Lome, let us De xair. n we can
not, then let us be quiet.
Now, all together, and help push
the Tigers over for victory Thanksgiv
ing. Arc your knockers going to let the
man you knock be more loyal than you?
If you knock him or his men, then you
are; you have lost your spirit. C.
danger to themselves, but of the lives
of their entombed comrades in the
depths of the mine, and worked all
night until the flames were sufficiently
subdued to insure their being kept from
the powder. The Carnegie hero fund is
a move in the right direction, but the
movement should be extended, and peo
ple should be taught to honor the heroes
of peace as well as the heroes of war.
J. B. POWELL.
THE "small town gal," so popular in
song, isn't the only country success.
Thre are other town achievements
coming to notice, and the most recent
was the "wuxtra" edition of the Uni
versity Missourian Saturday afternoon.
The Missourian extra was a demon
stration to the class in journalism in
the State University. It was a success
in more ways than being a practical les
son to the class. Here's about the way
it was handled.
Reporters of the School of Journalism
were on the gridiron staff, photographer
and all. In the grand stand, shut off
from the general tumult of the game
and its buzzing auditors, an expert foot
bail man of the Missourian staff, sat in
a soundproof booth with a direct wire
into the composing room of the printing
office downtown. The play was called
to the man at the telephone as the ex
perts watched the game through a glass
door in their booth.
At the other end of the wire in the
Missourian' composing room, another
man sat with telephone headgear, talk
ing the "story" off into the ear of a
linotype operator. Others were making
up the page as fast as a line was cast,
and five minutes after the game was
over, boys sold the papers to the crowd
returning from the field. St. Louis Star
ROF. R. E. MORRIS, superintend
ent of the Lockwood public schools,
writes: "I want to congratulate
you upon the success of the University
Missourian and to thank the Board of
Curators that have given the Lockwood
school the privilege of enjoying the pa
per. The students here are always
eager to get hold of it, especially the
numbers which announce the success or
defeat of the Tigers. Quite a number
of our students have their faces turned
towards the University and the Mis
sourian makes them the more anxious
to go. I wish the Missourian continued
success and the entire University phe
nomenal growth under the new presi
dent." JL. STONE, President of the Duplex
Printing Press Company, Battle
Creek, Mich., writes: "The field of
work upon which the University of
Missouri is entering in its Department
of Journalism is one that has never
heretofore been taken up in any manner
at all adequate outside of the rigid
school of experience and I am glad to
note the auspicious beginning of the
courses with so gratifying an enroll
ment." NAPOLEON'S LOVE
NAPOLEON has been described as
almost a music hater. A recent
writer put him at the very foot of
the list of modern rulers so far as ap
preciation or even toleration "of music
was concerned. Now comes an English
denial of the slander. It is admitted
that the musical tastes of "the Corsican
ogre" were not elevated. But for all
that he loved singing so much that
many a time after a concern he ordered
the vocalists to come to the palace and
sing before him and the Empress Jo
sephine. A curious anecdote is told of
his brusque manner of dealing with ar
tists. One night atr a concert at the
Tuileries while Duport, the famous vio
loncellist, was performing a solo, the
emperor suddenly entered. His majesty
nodded his head approvingly and when
the piece was finished said to Duport:
"How the deuce do you manage to keep
that instrument so motionless?" and
taking up the 'cello he tried to jam it
between his spurred boots. Poor Du
port nearly fainted when he saw his
treasure treated lik a war horse. For
several minutes he looked on, trembling
from head to foot. At last, however,
he darted forward and called out "Sir!"
in such pathetic tones that the empe
ror handed him .back the instrument.
Duport thereupon showed how the in-
strument was held, but every time his
imperial master extended his hand to
attempt to do ithimself Duport threw
himself back in alarm, till finally Jo
sephine whispered something to her hus
band, who burst out laughing and put
an end to the 'cello lesson.
Blasting Moves Mountain.
A whole mountain located near Pali
sade, in Nevada, has been set in mo
tion by blasting on the line of the West
ern Pacific Ranroad. Every available
section man in the employ of the South
ern Pacific Company has been set to
work trying to save the new tunnel re
cently completed at a cost of 150,000.
It is believed that the company will be
compelled to abandon the tunnel and
make another route around the hill.
Only a few hundred feet south the
Western Pacific recently completed a
similar tunnel. The heavy Masting
done in boring this tunnel apparently
has shattered the whole mountain and
it is moving.
Senator Guggenheim has given 575000
to the University of Colorado for a new
law building. In connection with it will
be a special library of 15,000 volumes
and sentenced to serve fiftepn
years in prison, and Charles W. Eliot,
who recently resigned as president ot
Harvard College, were contrasted in then
lives and examples by President Wil
liam DeWitt Hyde in a talk to the stu
dents of Bowdoin College in Brunswick
Me., recently. President Hyde said, in.
"Besides the election the week has
brought two events of notable signifi.
cance the conviction of Charles W.
Morse and the resignation of Charles V.
"Eliot. You could not get a greater con
trast, than the lives of these two men
one built on the sands of selfishness, the
other built on the rock of faitLftil ser
vice. "Fifteen years in prison is the logical
and fit conclusion of a career of getting
as much as possible, regardless of how
one gets it or whom one gets it out of.
The gratitude and admiration of the
American people is the appropriate re
ward of forty years of brave, patient,
arduous, devoted work. The world is
the poorer and business is the more pre
carious for the schemes of a man like
"In elementary, secondary, collegiate
graduate, legal, medical, theological and
practical education, in industry, busi
ness, government, morals, we are all
richer, safer, happier and nobler for the
work of President Eliot.
"When he came to Harvard in 18G5, it $
was little more than a country school. ')
Even in the courses in science the work
was laid down to learn so many paes
of some textbook. We all know what
Harvard College has become under his
influence and how his influence has
spread. As the result of the labors of
President Eliot hundreds have had a
"His work has not been entirely con
fined to Harvard. He has liberated ele
mentary schools from the old system of
learning pages of useless dates and facts.
He has studied relations between capital
and labor and become a champion of
right. He studied municipal government,,
he has had a powerful influence in morals
everywhere, he has made himself felt as
a power for good. He lays down the '
duties of the office with the gratitude 1
of the whole American people."
President Hyde also told of President i
Eliot's work in upbuilding the courses of 7
the medical, law, and theological schools, j
iuc iiupiuvemeius maue mere, ana in
closing went back to his comparison of
Morse and Eliot in these words:
"Self-forgetful devotion and unscru
pulous selfishness are the inner attitudes
whose outward marks are fame and infamy."
,. :. t ii . . :
ON AN OLD SONG
LITTLE snatch of ancient song
What has made thee live so long?
Flying on thy wings of rhyme
Lightly down the depths of time,
Telling nothing strange or rare,
Scarce a thought or image there,
Nothing but the old, old tale
Of a hapless lover's wail;
Offspring of an idle hour,
Whence has come thy lasting power?
By what term of rhythm or phrase,
By what subtle careless grace,
Can thy music charm our ears
After full three hundrd years?
LANDMARKS of the human mind
One by one are left behind,
And a subtle change is wrought
In the mould and cast of thought;
Modes of reasoning pass away,
Types of beauty lose their sway;
Creeds and causes that have made
Many noble lives must fade,
And the words that thrilled of old
Now seem hueless, dead, and cold;
Fancy's rainbow tints are flying,
Thoughts, like men, are slowly dying;
All things perish, and the strongest
Often do not last the longest;
The stately ship is seen no more,
The fragile skiff attains the shore;
And while the great and wise decay,
And all their trophies pass away,
Some sudden thought, some careless
Still floats above the wrecks of Time.
W. E. II. Lecky. :
Vigorous Maine Maple.
A rock maple tree standing and still "
growing m a flourishing state on the
farm of A. L. Hardv in West New Vine
yard measures fourteen feet in circum
ference at the base. It has a short
trunk but jheavy spreading branches
and was erowintr nn rhw fnrm nm fcrm- -1
dred and two years ano when the late "
Samuel Nevens, great-grandfather of
air. ardy, who was the first settler o
the farm, came here in 180(5, and w
tnen about four inches in diameter. It i
stands not far from the dwelling house
and has been tapped nearly every ?tr
for seventy-five years. Scarcely a dead -,
iimD is to be seen about it. Kennebec S
The Cause. a
Wife: "What was the matter?
thought you would break down the.
Husband: "I dreamed I was tryiaf
to put on my clothes in the upper bertk
. - .-i
oi a x-uiiman." Life.