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UNIVERSITY M1SSOURIAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1908.
,m 9 PREACHER OF CLASS HATRED IS BAD AS GIVER AND TAKER OF BRIBES, SAYS THE PRESIDENT Conservation of Forests An Imperative Problem, He Declares. (Continued from First Pag.) formation from all the States and from foreign count! !-. i able to do that which not even the richest State can do. and with the distinct additional ad vantage that the information thus ob tained i- u-cd for the immediate liene fit of all our people. Euieau Needs Money. "With "the limited mean-, hitherto provided, the Ihneau of Kdueation ha rendered ellicient service, but the (.011-gie-. In- neglected to adequately Mip ph the bureau with mean- to meet the educational growth of the country. 'J he appropriation- for the- general uoik of the buieau. otit-ide education m Ma-ka. for the vear l'JOlt are but .-V-7..10U an amount h . than they were ten ear- ago. and -ome of the impor tant item- in the-e appropriation are I. than they wen- thirty ear- ago. It i- an ineeii-ab!e wa-te of public money to aipropiiate an amount which i- -o itiadiii.ite a- to make it impo sible propel ly to do the woik author 17, !. and it i- unfair to the great edu eational intele-t- of the country to de prive tin-Hi of the value of the le-ult-whic-h can be obtained by pioper ap piopuatiou-. "I earne-tly lecoiiiiiipnd that thi- un loitunate -tate of allaii a- reg.ud the national educational ollice Ice rem edied by adequate approiriation-. Thi leiouimeud.itioii i- iirced by the lepie--ciit.it iie- of our lomuioii -chool- and great -tate unier-itie- and the leading cduciloi-. who all unite in ieqneting favm.ible coii-idcration and action by the t'onjrn upon thi- -ubject." Control of Railroads. I'eg.udiug the railroads the President saw "llie i.iilvv.iv- of the count iv -hould Ih- put (ompletcly under the Inter-tate Coiiimcieo Oiinmi ion and removed iioiii the domain of the anti-tru-t law. The power of the Commi-'-ion -hould be made thoii.ugh going. -o that it could eeni-c complete -upervi-ion and con trol over the i lie of -ccuritie- a- well a- over the raiding and lowering of late-. A- regaid- rate-, at lea-t. thi power -hould be -umiuaiy. The power to investigate the financial operation and account- of the railway- ha- been one of the mo-t valuable feature- in recent legislation. 'In the interest of the public the repie-entittivV- of tin- public -hould have complete power to ee that the iailroa.1- do their duty by the public, and a- a matter of eour-e thi- power :D :C T .M( - 1 ir Take your Watch and Jewelry Repairing to WHEELER'S There's Quality in Our Work C. W. FURTNEY Tungsten, Tantalum and Gem Lamps. Students' Shades 712 Broadway mKBtRmifh if I NCVV PARAGRAPHS FROM PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE TO SIXTIETH CONGRESS URIXlJ seven years and three months there has been a net surplus of nearly one hundred millions of receipts over expenditure-, a 1 educ tion of the interc-t-liearintj debt by ninety million'-. I strongly advocate that in-tead of an unwi-e effort to prohibit all combination- there -hall lie substituted a law which shall express ly permit combination- which aie in the intere-t of the public, but shall at the same time give to .-oine agci ey of the national government full power of control and supervision over them. The railways of the country should be put completely under the Interstate Commerce Commission and remove from the domain of the anti-trust law. It is to the interest of all of them that no swindling stock speculation should lx' allowed, and there .-hould lie no improper icsiiancc of securities. In point of danger to the Nation, there is nothing to choose between on the one hand the corruptionists, the bribe-giver, the bribe-taker, and on the other hand the preacher of ela-s hatred. There should be regulation by the National government of the great inter state eorjKiration. The danger to American democracy lies not in the least in the concentra tion of administrative power in responsible and accountable hand-. It lies in having the power iii-uHicientiV concentrated, -o that no one can be held responsible to the people for its u-e. SUPERVISION OF CORPORATE FINANCES. ORI'OUATK finance- niu-t be supervised -o as to make it far ater than at pre-ent for the man of r-mall means to invest hi- money in tock. There should be a jiroirres-ive inheritance tax on large foi tunes. There mii-t be prohibition of child labor, diminution of woman labor, shortening of hour- of all mechanical labor. Our pic-ent --teiu of law- or rather no system works dreadful wrong, it i- of benefit to only one cla of people the lawvci-. When a workman i- injured what be need- i not an expen-ive law -nit but the ecltainty of relief tin ough immediate adinini-trative action. The Congic-s -hould without further delay pa a model employer-' lia bilitv law foi the District of Columbia. BETTER JUDICIAL SALARIES. .MOST carm-tlv mge upon Congie-s the dutv ot increasing tlie totaliv ii:icl-.jii.it e salaries now uivcii to our judge-. Cla con-Woii-iic ."' where It is nierelv another name for the odious vice of cla-s selfi-hnes. i- equally noxious whether in an employer's asso ciation or in a workingmanV a ociatiou. Judge- of the stamp of the President-elect, who have been fearle in op posing labor when it has gone wrong, but fearless also in holding to strict account corporation that woik iniquity, are the men of all otheis to whom we owe it that the appeal for violent and mistaken legislation has fallen on deaf ears. There are. however, some membei of the judicial body who do lasting harm to their deei-ioiK. because they convince poor men in need of pro tection that the courts of the land are profoundly ignorant of any out of sympathy with their needs. Then? is ground for the belief that substantial injustice is often suffered by employees in consequence of the cu-lom of courts i uing temporary in junctions without notice to them. BELIEVE that some such provision a- tho-e 1 advocated a year ago ior checking the abuse of the issuance of temporary injunctions should be adopted Corporation- arc- neee-ary instruments ot modern business. they nave lK-en permit Ud to become a menace largely because the governmental representative- of the pecq.Ie have worked slowly in providing for adequate con tiol over them. Tlie ilPinoo-iviie-. the corrupt creatines who introduce blackmailing -cheme- . '..f-;i-,." ...irnonitiiin sliow tbeni-elves to lie the worst enemies of very public who-e loud-mouthed champions they profess to lie. URGES RESPECT FOR COURTS. HE courts hold a place of peculiar and de-erved -anctitv under our foini of gov eminent. Our judges -hould be held in peculiar Honor ami me i..i.. ...f r..wtu..t fnl mii.I truthful comment and c-rititi-m -hould be e pceially binding when we speak of them. If there is any one dutv wliic.li more than another we owe it to our chil dren and our children's children to perform at on.-e. it i- to save the foie-t-of this country. Action should be begun forthwith for the improveiii-nt of our inland waterways. The time for playing with our wateiways is pat. The coun liy demands result-. The establishment of a local parcel post on rural route- would be to (he mutual benefit of the farmer and the country storekeeper. I advocate the immediate admi ion of New Mexico and Arizona a- -tate-. This should be don- at the pre-ent -e ion of Congress. I again recommend that American citizenship be lonfeired upon the peo ple of Porto Hico. A regards the army, it is a curious fact that ;hc public and its repre sentatives fail to understand the great need of lefu-ing to promote i elect able, elderly incompetent-. The higher place- -hould be given to the mo-t de-erving men without regard to seniority. E-peci.il attention should be paid to the development of the machine gun. Progressive Inheritance Tax On Large Fortunes Is Urged. ;i the ;t -o a- to -ee to the rail- fATtNTEO INVISIBLE ftirOC. Oculist Prescriptions Filled Broken Lens Duplicated QloJt Broadway DR. R. H. ELLS O&urft, SHIRTS On and off like a coat. In fast colors and ex clusive styles. $1.50 up. CLUETT, PEABODY & CO., Makers -hould al-o be exeu-i-ed that no injustice is don roads. "In addition to this the interests ot the shareholders, of tlie employee-, and of the shippers -hould all be gnaidc-d a-again-t one another. To give am one of them undue and impiopcr con-iclcr ation i- to do injn-tiie to the other-. Kate- niu-t be made patible with giving all the emplovee- of the raiboad. fmni the highe-t to the lovve-t. and pioper i etui it- to the -hareholdei-: but they inu-l not. for instance, be l educed in such fashion a- to nece itate a cut in the wage of the employee- or the abol ition of the proper and legiiiiii.ue piofit of honest -haieholdei-. "Telegraph and telepnone companies enaged in inter-tate Im-iuc -hould be put under the juri-dictiou of the In terstate Commerce Coinini ion." ! Further, in hi- di-cu ion of corporation-, Pie-ident Itoo-evelt sav-: ""There should lie legulation by the National (oveiiimeut of the gie.it inter-tate corpoiation, including a -im-ple method of account keeping, public ity, -upcrvi-ion of the i lie of -ccuritie-, abolition of n-bate- and of spec ial privilege-. There -hould be -holt a- low a- i- mm- 'time lranclu-e- for all corpoiation- eii proper return to 'gaged in public business." SELECT YOUR XM AS JEWELRY AT- Henningeis Gift Store THE MOST C 0 M I L E r E STOCK OF STERLING SILVER NOVELTIES AND STAPLE JEWELRY sell Diamonds cheaper than you can buy them elsewhere HENNINGER'S, 813 BROADWAY In regard to centralization of powei. the Pie-ident -ays: On Centralization. ""The danger to American deinocrac.v lies not in the least in the concent! a tion of administrative power in respon sible and accountable hand-. It lie in having the power in-ulhciently mn centratcd. -o that no one can be held re-ponsible to the people for it- u-e. Concentrated power is palpable, visible, re-pon-ible, easily reached. quickh held to account. Power -eattcred 'through .mam ndiiiini-tiator-. many legislators, many men who work be hind and through legislator- and administrated-, i- impalpable, i- un-eeii. i- irre-pon-ible. can not be leached, can not be held to aicount." On "Protection for Wagi-vv inker-" the me age lead- in part: "The majority of wagcworkei- mu-t have their rights secured for them bj State action: but the National tlovern ment should legislate in thoroughgoing anil far-reaching fa-hiou not only for all employee- of the National Govern ment, but for all per-oiis engaged in inter-tate commerce. The object sought for could Ik- achieved to a measurable degree, as far as tho-e killed or crip pled are concerned, by proper employer-' liability laws. "Our pre-ent system, or rather no j stem, works dreadtul wrong, and is of 110 iH-neiit to only one class of peo plethe lawyers. When a workman is injured what he needs i, not an ex pensive and doubtful lawsuit, but the certainty of relief through immediate administrative action. The number of accidents which result in the death or crippling of wageworkers, in the Un ion at large, is simply appalling; in a very few years it runs up to a total far in excess of the aggregate of the dead and wounded in any modern war. No academic theorv alxiut "freedom of contiacl or 'constitutional liberty to contract" should lie permitted to inter fere with this and similar movements." The President urges higher salaries for judges in these words: "I most earnestly urge upon the Con-igic-ss the duty of increasing the totally i inadequate salaries now given to our fudges. On the- whole there is no body of public servants who do as val l liable woik. nor whose luoiieved levvard (i- -o inadequate eompaied to their I work. ISi-ginning with the Supreme Court the Judge- should have their sal aries doubled.'' i Scores Bad judges. j On this question he further -ays: , "Then- are, however, some meinliei of the judicial body who have lagged Dciiiuu 111 ineir iimiersiauiiiiig ot llu-e great and vital changes in the body pol itic, who-e mind- have never been open ed to the new applications of the old 'principle- made neecs-aiy by the new conditions. Judges of this stamp do lasting harm by their decisions, becau-e they convince poor men in need of pi ci ted ion that the courts of the land arc profoundly ignorant of and out of sym pathy with their need, and profoundly indifferent or hostile to any proposed remedy." Regarding injunctions the message reads: "The power of injunction is a great equitable remedy, which should on no account be destroyed. Itut safeguards should be erected against its nbu-e. I believe that some such provision- as those I advocated a year ago for check ing the abue of the issuance of tem porary injunctions should be adopted." Forest Conservation. On the conservation of forest, the Piesident says in part: ."shortsighted persons, or per-ons blinded to the future by desire to make money in every way out of the pre-ent. sometimes speak as if no great damage would be done by the reckless destruc tion of our forests. It is difficult to have patience with the arguments of the-e per-on-. Thanks to our own reck-le-siie-s in the u-e of our splendid forest-, we have already cro ed the verge of a timber famine in thi- country, and 110 measures that we now take can. at lea-t for many year-, undo the mi-chief that ha- already been done. Hut we can prevent fuitlier mi-chief licing done; and it would be- in the highe-t degree reprehensible to let any con-id-ci at ion. jf temporary convenience or temporary cost interfeie with such ac tion, especially as regards the National Forests which the nation can now. at this very moment, control. "f herewith attach as an appendix to my message certain photogiaphs showing present conditions in China. They show in vivid fashion the appall ing desolation, taking the -hape of bar ren mountains and gravel, and sand- eovered plains, which immediately fol lows and depends upon the deforesta tion of the mountains."' About Public Health. liegariling the- public health. Congie is told: "The danger- to public health from food adulteration anil from many other source, such as the menace to the physical, mental and fnoial develop ment of children from child lalior. -hould be met and overcome. There aie numerous diseases, which aie now Known to lie preventable, vvlncli are., nevertheless, not prevented. The re- j cent International Conirres on Tuber- I iculo-is has made u- painfully aware of I the inadequacy of American public health legislation." I On the navy, the President -ay-: "I approve the recommendation- of the General Board for the increae ot the Navy, calling e-pecial attention to the need of additional destroyer- and colliers, and above all, of the four battle-hip. It is desirable to complete as soon as possible a squadron of eight battleships of the best existing type. The North Dakota. Delaware. Florida, and Utah will form the first divi-ion of this squadron. The four vessels proposed will form the second division. It will lie an improvement on the fir-t. the ships licing of the heavy, -ingle caliber, all bi: gun tvne." Instead of Pies and Pastry More dainty, more delightful, more digestible at luncheon, at dinner and "between meals" serve CLOVER LEAF Sugar Wafers Two sweet, crisp wafers with a delicately flavored confection between a -V:?.v-cvr.- sweetmeat sandwich. dSSJuT .S yos& L.-V 5d!S "., C5. s '..vV.'5. .f l..l IV??:'- Above all. von e.-n h Gi"? certain that these deli- '. c-.r-.-"1 .: . 2i?i "'"us sugar waters are ; v-7 pure and wholesome. I'si Just try one tin of ;: Clover Leaf Sugar Wa- ;; fers at your grocer's 15 cents. Also "Veronique" la 23c tin. Philopena in 25c tins. Perfetto in 10c and 25c tin. )(anewa.-ngeisciiit (o. ST. LOUIS "SAY! IF I WAS A PRETTY GIRL" this is just the kind of a present I'd want a box of OLYMPIAN'S best." A great many good people in Co lumbia share the messenger's opin ion of our candies. It vou're not fa miliar with their good qualities, try a pound. All we can say is: They are well worth the trial. Olympian Candy Co. ioio BROADWAY. HAVE YOU TRIED Our cleaning and pressing de partment ? If you will give us a trial you'll never send your clothes anywhere else. We make old clothes new again. Jisk any of our customers. EUREKA LAUNDRY CO. Our laundry work can not be equalled. Call up 1 16 and we'll do the rest. izMi&y i FIRST-CLASS EXCLUSIVE I ! CONFECTIONERY V STORE 16 South 9th St. : J. G. WILLIAMS BARBER HOME OF E. Z. SHAVES MODERN DATH ROOMS 714 Broadway Phone 288 Jl. M. Baird Attorney at Law Ollice Exchange National Bank building FRATERNITY EMBLEMS: Ofiinif tttfle awl tteitn on Vnrcehiin Shttrhttf MiifH9 gtittftfttc for 1 HOLIDAY GIFTS H offer a linr " lliijh Gnule Impnrtnl tinit Itomrxtic TOILKT .VOIM-;.-TIE.S, embracing Miinirnrr- Srts. llnlr lfrntln , Cumin, Slmrimj -. Shurhnj .Viri-orn, Itazor Strops unit Trnrrthnj llollt. Mail Orders Have Prompt Attention ftOKEN BARBERS SUPPLY CO. ST. LOUIS Up to and including FRIDAY, DEC. 11, we will sell Fancy Belleflower Apples in bushel boxes at Out- rca-on why Horace fln-i-h-y .iid. '"go wi-t young man." niu-t have lieen that '"the wie men came from the ea-t." Columbia Tribune. $1.65 Remember the above limit and order now Other groceries about on the same line. A word to the wise should be sufficient W. B, NOWELL PHONES 74 1 $LJ-. tu&sttn