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UNIVERSITY MISSOURIAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 2, 1909.
Mveraiftf Missourian An timing newspaper published at Columbia, Slo., every schoolday by the Department of "Journalism of the L'niz-ersity of Misso u ri. Entered at the postorfice at Columbia, Mo., as second-class mail matter. SCUSCKIPTIOX-Intariably In Alliance: Ily Mall or Carrier: School Year, $2.00; Semester, $1.35. Single Cojiien, Two Cent. Business Offick Room 37. Academic Hall, University ot Missouri, Columbia, Mo. Telehio.se Nl'Miihks: Department office, 377. Newsroom, 71. Only Approved Advertising Accepted. Itatett on Application. SPIRIT OFTHE NEWS Address all communications to University Missourian, Columbia, Mo. UNIVERSITY CALENDAR Mar. 4. Social Problems of American Cities, Dr. T. J. Riley. Mar. 5. Elks' Benefit, University Audi torium. Mar. II. Tli Relation of tlic Physician to the Puhlie and the Public to the Physician, Dr. A. W. McA letter. Mar. IS. The Positive Value of Doubt. Dr. C. M. Sharpe. Mar.So. The Outlook for Christian Civilization in South America. Mr S. P.-iry Wilson. Apr. 1. Doe American haw Embody the Sj.irit of Jesus, Dr. W. W. Elwang. Apr. S. The Position of the Educator in the Promotion of Social Uplift, Dr. A. P.O-.S Hill. Apr. lo. The Political Outlook in Rus sia, Dr. 1-idor Locb. Apr. 2!). How far do the Teachings of Socrates. Confucius, Buddha and Mohammed Airree with the Sermon on the Mount, Dr. W. J. I.hanion. PKMKEKTO.VS SCHOOL. The preparatory school which Morton II. ("Reuben") Pemberton is planning to start near Centra I ia would supply a lonjr felt need in Missouri. Bos on the farm, far from county -eat- and smaller towns, are compelled to leae home for high -chool training. They have a choice of attending cither tin' public high schools of the state or mil itary academics, none of which are de signed to meet the needs of future farmers. Much dan;-! r lies in suddenly trans planting a boy from his farm home with parental care to a boarding house in town. Pembei ton"- school would In forecasts of President-elect Taft's policy to be adopted toward negro ap pointments in the South, made by himself in recent speeches and through hints from his inaugural address, it appears that he will pursue an entirely different policy to the one Used by Mr. Roosevelt. Mr. Taft holds that the negro should not lie appointed to local ollice in the face of public sentiment against such appointment. He will go farther than this, he will bar the pro fessional white politician, from South ern federal patronage, who has had no other object for tiling south of the Mason & Dixon line since the conclu sion of the Civil war. The President-elect intends to do away with the much abused referee system. He does not intend to make his Southern appointments solely on the recommendation of one or two lead ing politicians of each state. The Presidciit-Elcct will enter into the ollice of President of the United Slates with the gcod will and support of the entire country. The Solid South is (-penally strong for Mr. Taft, more so t1 .in tor any other previous Republican Pn-ident just entering up on the duM's of his ollice. VIEWPOINTS (The CnlTersltj- Missourian lnritei contri butions, not to exceed 200 words, on matters of University interest. The name of the writer should accompany such letters, but will not be printed unless desired. Tie Unirer sltjr Mlsfourian does not express approral nor U'-approTal of these communications bj print ing them.) A Course in Etiquette. To the ndltor of the University Missourian: Really, a course ill etiquette should lie established at the University ot Missouri so that all questions such as the one relating to wearing hats in the hallways, might be referred to that department. "V." eliminate -ome w ouM receivi; ot the The new cabinet of the United States is composed of as many capable of per forming the duty of the ollice as has ever before been gathered into one American advisory body. Some of the new members haw served terms in pre vious cabinets, while others have either been lirst assistants or hae had con nections with the various departments. A noticeable fact about the present cabinet is that two of its members are not Republican-;. Ilocer, this is not establishing a precedent. Mr. Roo-e-velt had a Democrat as his Secretary of War and other president-, have had widely known men of tin1 opposite po litical faith as their ollici.il advisors. The personnel of the new cabinet in cludes Philander C Knox, of Pennsyl vania. Secictarv of State: Franklin MaeVeagh of Illinois. Secretary of the i Trcisiin; .1. M. Dickinson of Tenncs- j -ci . Secretary of War: Ccorge von I.. .Meyer ot Massachusetts. Sccieiary ot the Xavy: Frank II. Hitchcock of Ohio. Postmaster Ceneral: Charles Xagcl of Missouri. Secretary of Commerce and I-ibor: R. A. Ballingcr of Washington (state). Secretary of the Interior: lames Wilson of Iowa. Secretary of Agriculture, -and Ccorge M. Wicker sham of New York. Attorney Ceneral. Charles Xagcl. Secretary of Com merce and libor. has long been identi linl with public all'airs of Missouri. He was in the State Legislature from 1SS1 tint il 1-ifvi. And since that time he has been pra"tising law in St. Louis and this risk. A lxy . he has been connectid with many itn academie training i portant cases. The "M" Sweaters. To the Editor of the University Missourian: While the athletic authorities are engaged in planning means to prevent the wearing of Tiger jerseys by stu dents who have not won the right, might it not also be a wise thing to consider a way to prevent 'Varsity jerseys and sweaters being worn by ne groes and others of Columbia. It would seem that there would be less injury done by an M. U. student wear ing Tiger colors than a negio. E. T. JOURNALISM IN HIGH SCHOOLS necesary to admit him into the Agri cultural College of the University ot Missouri and yet have a wholesome en vironment in the country. He would be at home with nature and would not glow nearly si tired of his school work. For a farm boy unable to take a course in the univer-ity. training at Peiuberton's school would be beneficial. lie would be taught the elementary principles that lie at the bottom of agricultural pursuits, lie would learn agronomy instead of Creek, and stock judging instead of Iitin. He would be fitted for the farm and not trained away from it. But it would be a school for the city boy as well. Hoys who are versed in the Usages of polite society could here be introduced to nature and broadened by the lessons learned from her. A good -secondary school of agricnlluie would help city and country boys. M.r. Xagcl was the Republican Xa tinnal Committeeman from Missouri during the recent presidi ntial cam paign. He is a member of the Hoard of Trustees of Washington University. He was graduated from the St. Louis Central High School anil later took a law degicc from the University of Berlin. How sail! The. student u-ualh spends his lirst two years at the Uni versity wait in:; for a chance to sit on the mound-. When he becomes an np-in-r cla-man he never ha- time. In the -prini! a young man"- fancy Usually turn- to thought- of his be-t trtrl and Liter's Leap. Building of Battleships. The greatest single piece of work which can be given to a navy yard is the building of a battle-hip. It ha- been learned from hard c perience that the-e ship- co-t from 2." to till per cent more when built by the Oovernmcnt than thev do when Twelve senator- and seventy-seven representative- who are members of the present Congress will be ab-i-nt when the sixty-tir-t Congre assem bles in special session on March l."i. As the re-eli-ction of Hopkins in Illi nois and Stephen-oil ill Wisconsin have not a- yet taken place it is possible that the number of ab-eiit senators will be increased to fourteen. Of the -event v--eveii representative- ' - ... . ntie. who will retire atter .Marcli I. one. Hepburn of Iowa ha- served twenty two year- in the lower liou-e and all ot her. Sherman, who will become vice- i president, has -crved the state of Xew I York for twenty years. Seven other j members incuding .lohn Sharp Williams J of Miiippi have each served fiom fourteen to sixteen years. Senator Teller of Colorado who re tires after next Wi-diic-day has been a senator from hi- -tate since it was ad mitted into the Union in lS"(i. or a period of thirty-three year-. Senator Piatt, of Xew York, who will be suc ceeded, by Elihu Root former secretary of state, h.ls been A Illellllier of the senate for twenty-four year-. LEO R. SACK. For Sunday Dinner. This recipe makes a Sunday dinner built by contract in private yards. That !:"" a wholesome, nourishing Monday is. there is a Io-s to SI..TO0.O00 on everv luncheon. From the shoulder of tin one that it builds. This is perfectly ! ,:,nl" :,v' -w a" ono-iian poun.is oi well known to the naval committees of ! ,IUat rat p1,l -----I'-- 15v --'--- nicely in a tablespoonful of butter or Congress. McClure's. When Tower Loomed. It was while Charlemagne Tower was ambassador to Russia that a Xew York city newspaper "spread itself" upon a fete held at St. Petersburg. A green copy reader produced this result: "As pleasing to the eye as was nil this decoration there was additional pleasure in the sight, as one stood at the head of the Prospekt Xevska. of Charlemange Tower, brilliantly illumi nated, looming grand and imposing against the winter sky." Success Magazine. drippings in a large kettle, preferably an iron one. Add two quarts of lxiiliug water, one tablespoon of rice, one of flour, small onion, a little parsley, -alt and pepper to taste. Cook slowly one hour, then make dumplings of one large cup of flour sifted with one heaping teaspoon of baking powder, a pinch of salt and one of sugar: milk to take a soft dough, softer than biscuit dough: stir with a spoon: do not roll out or cut with knife, simply break off little pieces of dough and drop in boiling kettle: cover closely and cook for wentv minutes. There is a field of journalism exist ing in most of the high schools of Orcater Xew York which is a thing quite apart from the school curriculum, and quite independent of any "depart ment of journalism." It is far more practical, far more inspiring, and as educational in the making of the news paper men ot tlie I lit me as anything that can be taught by teachers or dem onstrated by word of mouth, says The Fourth Estate. This field of joiiriiali-m is the one I tin by the hoys themselves. Every high school has its own paper, edited, illustrated and published by its own boys, with the only help, when called upon, of a faculty advisor. The staff of a high school paper con sists of the editor-in-chief ami his two associate literarv editor-, two art edi tor-, two oigauiatiou editor- and the exchange editor. In the bu-iiic stall an' the business manager, subscription manager, circulation manager and the three advertising inanagcis. who are all under the direction of the business man ager. The duties of the i-ditor-in-chicf are the same as on any other paper edit ing and supervising iho entire stall" work. The editorial columns and the literary work are first read by the jun ior literary editor, and the be-t arc passed to the -enior editor, who passes up what he thinks best to the editor-in-chief for consideration for publica tion. The organization editor- work to gether in reporting the news of all the school's societies, and so with the ath letic editors. The exchange editor reads and criticises the exchanges, ap propriating the best of the jokes that he finds in them. The art editors work very much on a par. doing most of the work themselves: they -elect the color scheme of the covers and are responsi ble for tin- general appearance of tin paper and arrange for the caitomi page. which is a composition of the be-t work produced by any one in the -chool. The paper is run. on a whole, more with a trend toward co-operation ot the entire stalT than in ino-t profes sional papers. Each man. a-ide from hi- duties, as above mentioned, ,1ms perhaps another department under hi care than the one as-igned to him. There is a "Wizard." a question and answer column, the 'Forum." a "Let ters from the People' column, the i column of critici-iu: "Oh. Let Us I!e Joyful.'' a column of humor-oii- remarks about school affair-; "The Rostrum." a column of personal bits, etc.. each being edited by a different member of the lxiartl. There is a system of reporters in the school, who are not directly on the board, consisting of two senior-, three or four for the juniors, and seven or eight for the sophomore and freshmen chis-es. They report class news and "knocks." and it is necessary that each hand in news every month to remain on the reporters' list. Aside from this, each section room in the building has a class agent who -ces to the sales of the magazine and thoe selling the most are placed upon an honor loll. The entire material must have the inspection of a member of the faculty, who sees that there is nothing objectionable in it. The paper is printed by a job printer. The edi torial and bu-iness training gained by the boys in the working of such a ma chine is necessarily of great advantage to them. The standard by which the contrib utors are judged is an unusually high one for school publications. Each detail receives its criticism, and to each con tributor who is worthy of encourage ment plenty is given: for it is largely from these that recruits are drawn to fill the vacancies caused bv m-aduntion or resignation. The places left open by these causes are filled by competition, held under civil service rules, each competitor be ing given a number, with which he signs his work; and in this way only the liest are chosen, quite aside from any personal prejudice or favoritism. SEARCHING FOR COLLEGE HEADS A, vacant college presidency, while it excites little general attention, in variably finds in the suggested list of appointees the names of several men who have won renown in apparently different walks of life and have never been noted for pedagogical theorizing. William ,1. Bryan has been mentioned for Mich a position. Out of official Washington have come the heads of sev eral colleges. Representative MeCall has just accepted the presidency of Dart mouth College, and Senator Beveridge is mentioned as the successor of James B. Angell, who has just resigned the presidency of the University of Michi gan. A lawyer or a member of Con giess. or the Secretary of the Treasury or the Chief of the Statistical Depart ment, all seem to be in the direct line of succession for such an office. The retirement of President Angell s(ems to have renewed interest in the question. At the end of thirtv-eight ears of active and valuable service Doctor Angell insisted on retirement, lie insisted thiee years ago. but at the solicitation of the regents his decision was recalled and his retirement de ferred. For three years the regents have been searching for a successor and they seem to be no nearer the end of their (im-st than when thev started. Perhaps their difficulties are unusual because of the distinction of Doctor Angell. His services as Ambassador to China and later to Turkey were, how ever, of little value as contributors to his reputation. It is as the head of a university that he has gained fame. The policy he inaugurated when he went to Michigan has had a profound inllu ence on the development of higher edu cation in America. His primary idea, and one he succeeded in impressing on crude legislative minds, was that a tate University may be the equal of any other: that practicability and cul ture may go hand in hand. In educat ing Michigan and Michigan lawmakers up to his ideals Doctor Angell educated the whole Middle West. The success of the university of which he was the head was the inspiration and exemplar of many others, and there have been brought to prominence a dozen or more great institutions of learning which to day offer the uiiih-rgraduate everything in the way of facilities for learning that any Eastern university can. 'Hie difficulties that beset the explorer in this pioneer field Were maiiv. Often they were disheartening. Rustic law makers, iinapprccative business men and grumpy taxpayers had to be molli fied and convinced. There were weary years before the graduates from the university it-elf began to gain con trol of affair-, and when that came there developed, about the same time, the competition of endowed institution with money advantages which no State can olTer and no State University can a-k. But the State institution has n-aile its place and is destined to hold it. For the po-ition it ha- much of the credit is due to James 15. Angell. To succeed him may be found a good ad minsitrator. a good financier or an ex cellent teacher. But Michigan can hard ly expect to find one man who has all three qualities. St. Louis Republic UNIVERSITY TEACHES ANYBODY ANYTHING The story of a university that reach es anybody, any time, anyhow is what Lincoln Steffens writes about in the February American Magazine. "Send ing a State to College" he calls his article, and it is sure to create a wide spread interest among all thinking men and women. He says: "It is related of a professor at the University of Wisconsin that one day when he was coming through the grounds, carrying under one arm a copy of Ceiger's Humanismus' and under the other a cheese purchased at the College of Agriculture, he stopped a couple of his colleagues to ask, with humorous nods at his burdens, if he 'didn't illustrate pretty well that this was a university.' lie didn't; but an other man did. This other man may be described as the Milwaukee drummer for the university at Madison. He led me out to one of the great machine shops of Milwaukee, where, in a room and 'in time' set aside by the firm for "the school,' he showed me a class of mechanics taking and paying for the regular correspondence course in 'shop mathematics' under the direction of the faculty of the state university. "The learned professor with his Lat in book and his college-bred cheese only illustrated pretty well the realization at Madison of the old ideal of a univer sity: "a place where anybody may learn anything.' And a more striking illus tration would be a farmer's family of which I heard. The son was on one of the 'varsity teams, the daughter was in the College of Let's and Science, and the mother and father came to Madison in the winter, the one to attend the Housekeeper.-." Conference' in the Col lege of Agriculture, the other the Farmers' Course; ten days in which the professors come into the ring with their horses, cows, pigs, pumpkins and apparatus to show and, as one of them put it, 'rub in' to the evcr-iiicrcasin hundreds of 'old farmers' who come there, the results of the year's scien tific experimentation in grain and cat tie breeding and feeding, etc.. and in the chemistry of dairying of which the professor's cheese was a mere com mercial by-product. "Madison is indeed a place where anylwdy who can go there, may learn anything. And between live and six thousand people do go there; all sorts of people, young and old, rich and poor, men and women from every where; and among them they do learn almost everything. Which sounds uni versal. But it isn't, of cour-e. The pop. illation of Wisconsin alone is two and a quarter millions. The great majority cannot go to Madison, ever, even for ten days. They all contribute to the support of this state univer-itv; thev all need, and many of them want to learn something as the fortunes made by the private correspondence schools prove. The University of Wisconsin is reaching for the-e people. It ha- or ganized a public correspondence school and the Milwaukee chi in -hop math ematics is but one of many -ucIi '.schools' by means of which the univer sity is mailing instruction out to the homes, farms and shops of the people who cannot go to Madison. "Breaking thus the bounds of Madi son, the university is breaking al-o the bounds of that old definition of a uni versity and setting up a new ideal for education. The University of Wiscon sin is offering to teach anybody any thing anvwhere. Would Lincoln Have Been Lincoln. What would modern educational ex' perts have made of Lincoln if. as a baby, he had been put in their care They would probably have started him on sterilized milk, clothed him in dis infected garments, sent him to kinder garten where he would have learned to weave straw-mats and sing about the Blue Bird on the Branch. Then the dentist would have straight!- 1 his teeth, the oculist would have fitted him with glasses, and in the primary grade he would have been taught by pictures and diagrams the ditTerence between a cow and a lug. and throii"h nature study he would have learned that the catbird did not lay kittens. By the time he was eight he would have become a "young gentleman." at ten he would know more than the old folks at home, at twelve or fourteen he would take up manual training, and within two years make a lolling-pin and tie it with a blue ribbon. In the high school at sixteen, where in four years he would learn that Mars was the reputed son of Juno, and to recite a stanza from "The Lady of the Iike." Then to col lege, where he would have joined the I. lee Club and a Creek Letter Frater nity, smoked cigarets and graduated, and then Ix-come a clerk in a banker's ollice. and never, never do any one any harm: Well. perhaps we don't know and can't tell what might have been. but we can't help feeling thankful that Lincoln's training and education were left to Xaney Hanks and Cod. Exchange. THE OLD PROFESSOR THE old piofessor is going; if he will not go, he is being sent. A fortnight ago, the regents of the Uiiiver-ity of Minnesota ordained that all contracts with members of the fac ulty shall expire, when teachers reach their sixty-fifth birthday. Xext June, it is said half-a-dozen old gentlemen will call the cla-s roll for the last tim. unless they have before followed the example of their president, Dr. Xorth rop, and sent in their resignations. What Minnesota has done others are doubtless contemplating seriously. The world is for youth, and youth is not for elderly scholars who can no longer sense the humor of throwing chalk across the lecture-room. But will a fixed age limit rid the schools of senility? Set sixty-live as the deadline, and the mo-t obnoxious of all old professors will continue to fill chairs; we mean the kind that enters upon its dotage at the age of fifty, the premature fossil whose joy in life is dead, whose sympathy for ambition and ideals has gone cold, or whose mind sluggishly revolves, like an airless sat ellite, around a single idea. If the age limit will not surely work, an endur ance test migiit. -Make everv protessor over forty pass an examination in lec turing, and "Hunk" the man whose stu dents fall asleep. Lead the faculty on a long jaunt through contemporary affair-, and give a passing mark only to those who are running sirong at the finish and have not stumbled at some "new thought" hurdle. So long as one has no prejudices against mere years, this plan might do admirably. The very week when Minnesota or dered ofT its sixty-five-year-ohls. "the distinguished French economist, statis tician, and administrator. Prof. Emile Levasseur. was rounding off the fortieth year of his connection with the College of France, his fifty-fifth vear of tradi ng, and his eightieth vear of life. Aca demic Paris. led bv the Minister of Public Instruction, turned out to do him honor; and nobody suggested that M. Levasseur might licst show his grat itude for this display of public appre ciation by resigning. The French are notoriously parsimonious; they believe in getting all the profit they can out of an inve-tmeiit. be it a cabbage-patch or a professor. They take especial pride in the venerabe adinini-trateur of the College of France, therefore; he is, as the Temps says, the greenest, liveliest. Iiiisie-t old man ever seen, always ready man with strong body and weakening mind, the old man with frail body and sturdy mind, and the rare old man of M. Levasseur-, stamp, who-e mind and body are Imth young. How -hall we deal with these three It is not enough to get rid of the first, even at the price of lo-ing the other two. The ripe ohf teacher is a college's mo-t valuable as set. He keeps alive respect on the part of young men, and also tradition. Some times his own traditions are turned against him; a college in the front rank of progress, it is said, cannot tolerate exploded ideas. But an alert minil which can defend even antiquated thoughts vigorously will keep students in the attitude of inquiry and re-train a few from rushing after hot-waffle theories that are served on every cor ner at a penny a thought and well sugared. And when tho-e antiquated thoughts happen to be unfashionable truths, he who does battle for them is the happiest of our warriors. He -hould not le forced to lay down his arms while his strength holds. If he is a Levasseur, the retiring Iward will find him no problem at all. But the normal type is the professor whose physical frame cries for rest long lief ore his mind. It is cruel to keep him at the mill of daily lectures: it is lwtli cruel and wasteful to cut him off from work he loves. Some intermediate status between ordinarius and emeritus seems called for. In Europe and cur own most richly endowed universities it has been partly realized: the old pro fessor with many assistants can reduce his class work to a minimum. But even that may prove too much. Could he not bj made a consulting prof, r Let him be to the college what the consult ing engineer, the consulting surgeon, and the consulting attorney are to their professions. Send students, and alo professors, to him for advice about things in general. That would give the old professor an abiding interest in life. Isift he entitled to it A Good Newspaper's Broad Field. The newspaper that would best -.-rve the public must go far beyond recording news. All newspapers disseminate in formation and keep their readers in touch with the development of public questions. The ideal paper niu-t do more. It must create public -eiitimcnt. organize movements. raie fund-, for mulate legislation, work for appropria tions and conduct a practical cam paign for each good cause. It niu-t ! to go to distant congresses and never w''ng to stand alone when once c Home Love Best Charity. We have come to realize that a child needs something more than clothes and food to develop the best; it needs the love that can only lie- found in a home. The success of the whole depends en tirely upon the success of the unit, and this can only lie achieved by recogniz ing each unit, though it be merely a puny little child of want or crime, as an individual, with individual characteris tics and an individual yearning for love. Baltimore Star. overcome by the longest debates, the richest banquets, or the dullest ad dresses. So long as he can hold the pace, iioIhmIv is going to stop him. Two day.s before his anniversary, a corre spondent found him in lied dictating letters and articles to a secretary. He was not ill; oh. no! He never felt bet ter in his life. But there were some extra lectures to lie prepared for the following week, and he wished to be fresh for the '-petite fete" on Sunday. Age, after all, is a relative disability. A question more worth worry is the re tiring of teachers who can no longer teach. Too little thought has been brought to bear on the existence of four distinct species of old men and the four distinct problems thev present. There is the old man with failing body and failing mind; we need not tarrv long over him, for he usually retires without pressure. Then there is the old vinced that its cour-e is right. It nui-t have convictions on all public questions, and maintain them in the face of mis representation. It must prize charac ter and consistency above popularity. To be informative, corrective ami, most of all, constructive this is the sum of the work. Philadelphia Xorth American. UNIVERSITY ANNOUNCEMENTS Reccommendation of Teachers. Students in the University who de sire the committee on recommendations o aid them in obtaining a teaching position for next year are requested to procure application blanks, etc., at Room 10 Academic Hall between 3 and 4 o'clock each day except Saturday. Xo charge for sen-ices is made. Jl