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University Missourian. (Columbia, Mo.) 1908-1916, January 17, 1913, Image 1

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Former Missouri Dean De
clares Producers Get Little
of the Retail Cost.
Lack of Cooperation Among
Farmers Makes High
Transportation Charges.
The cost of living in the United
States is too high and at the same
time the farmers do not receive
enough for their productB. (The ex
planation is in transportation charges
and middlemen's profits.
These statements were the basis of
the talk in the University Auditorium
last night by H. J. Waters, former
dean of the College of Agriculture and
vnow president or tne Kansas btate
rJcrlcultural College. Cooperation
Ituiung uic lamiuia in uujiug uuu ceil
ing is the remedy he offers for these
"The road from the farm to the
kitchen has been lengthened," Mr.
Waters said. "The high cost of living
Is not caused so much by the prices
the farmers receive but rather by the
cost of getting the products to the
consumer. What the farmer gets is
often too low. This is shown by the
fact that meat is high yet the price
paid for meat animals has not been
enough to Justify raising them.
"Causing the farmer to take less
for what he raises would cause land
values to shrink. If the farmer Is to
have good schools, good roads, cora
fnrfo wliirli nrp Imrt in town, a cood
wKurch in short. If he is to have a
social life which will hold the boys
and girls on the farm he must re
ceive more for his products."
Must lie Business Man.
To accomplish these results the
speaker said that the farmer must im
prove in two ways. He must become
a better, farmer and a better business
man. The average farm is not large
enough to support two men, one a
business man and tne other a farmer.
But Mr. Waters' plan for better busi
ness methods in buying and selling
on the farm is that the farmers co
operate and employ a man of busi
ness ability to market their products
for them.
With charts, Mr. "Waters illustrated
that at the time of high market prices
for eggs and other products there
was always the smallest supply; yet
the prices the consumer paid remain
ed practically the same at all times.
He said the middlemen bought when
othe market was low and sold out when
"W prices were highest With co
dcration Mr. Waters thinks that the
farmers' business agent could hold the
products until the price was right,
and this extra profit would go to the
farmers instead of to the dealers,
This system would make It possible
for the growers to fix the prices for
their products.
Mr. Waters showed that this co
operative plan would work with the
same advantages In selling live stock
and in handling grain by a system
of grain elevators under the direction
of their business adviser.
Useless Shipping Back and Forth.
It was pointed out that the towns
and farms are becoming too inde
pendent of each other. Farmers sell
their products in the markets of dis
tant cities. The merchants in the
towns buy these products in some
form and have them shipped back
again from the cities. According to
the Department of Agriculture, this
;jy Uig and reshipplng, and other
ets of getting farm products to the
consumers, cost seven billion dollars
last year. This was one billion more
than the farmers got for their pro
ducts. Mr. Waters said that coopera
tion between the farmers and the
town merchants would cause home
products to be used at home with the
consumers paying less than they do
now because the charges of shipping
and rc-shlpplng would be eliminated.
He suggested that the College of
Agriculture establish a bureau to
aid the farmers of Missouri in organiz
ing for such cooperation. In closing
he said: "The college must turne out
men who not only know how to fix
a broken machine or build up a run
down farm but also know how to build
up a run-down rural community and
hoy to build up the social life of a
down church."
F. S. Weather Bareaa Says Tempera
ture Will Be Bear Freezing Tonight.
The official weather forecast today
is: "Mostly cloudy and unsettled
weather tonight and Saturday;
colder tonight, temperature about
The temperatures today:
7 a. m 50 11 a. m 45
8 a. m 47 11 (noon) 47
9 a. m. ......46
10 a. m 45
1 P.
2 P.
reputation of Missouri's saddle horses
and other lhe stock. E. R. Lake, who
is connected with the work of the
United States Department of Agricul
ture in Oregon, told of irrigation,
planting, pruning and marketing the
fruit of the orchards of the North
west His lecture was illustrated
with lantern slides.
Business Sessions Heldby the
State Association Here
Officers for the coming year were
elected at the business meeting of the
Missouri Corn Grower's Association
yesterday afternoon. The officers
are: President, George If. Sly.
Rockport; ice-president northwest
section: Thomas Swanson of Rea,
Mo; vice-president northeast section,
Alonzo White, Palmyra, Mo.; vice
president central section, E.
L. Hughes of Glasgow, Mo.; vice-president
southwest section, Simon Baum
gartner of Pierce City, Mo.; vice
president southeast section, M. M.
McC.iuley of Doniphan, Mo.; secretary,
T. R. Douglass of Columbia.
The secretary was instructed by
the association to telegraph to President-elect
Woodrow Wilson indorsing
H. J. Waters of the Kansas State Ag
ricultural College for Secretary of
The matter of funds needed to car
ry on the work already begun among
tho boys as corn growers was dls
cussed and it was voted to ask the
legislature for $5,000 to be used in
the next biennial period.
The boy members of the association
constitute an ever Increasing part of
it. Counting the boys, the association
now has 3700 members, according to
Secretary Douglass.
At the meeting of the Missouri
Dairy Association yesterday after
noon In the Agricultural Building, W.
W. Marple of the Fox River Butter
Company spoke on "Protect the Dairy
Cow." In his speech Mr. Marple told
of the value of the cow, not only to the
dairyman but to the country as a
whole. Through her products, ha
said, the cow is one of our greatest
food agents.
George B. Ellis, editor of the Mis
souri Farmer and Breeder, then spoke
on "Effective Organization and Co
operation." Mr. Ellis favors an imme
diate thorough organization of the
dairy association throughout the
P. M. Brandt, secretary of the assa-
ciation, gave a sketch of what the
organization had done in the last
year and what it was trying to do
at present
Other men spoke or asked ques
tions concerning the different phases
of the dairy question. A. J. McDowell,
dairy agent for the Frisco railroad,
said that he believed that now more
than ever before the extension work
In the dairy business needed push
ing to the front
The Missouri State Dairy Associa
tion elected all Its present officers for
another year. They are: President,
Marshall Gordon; vice-president, C.
W. Kent; secretary, P. M. Brandt;
treasurer, Rudolph Miller.
feeder, it is not more profitable to feed
the young animal for beef than the
old, as immature cattle require a long
er feeding period than the mature, ac
cording to Dean F. B. Mumford. In
speaking of his experience he said:
"Quality and breeding are of next
importance. The quality of quick ma
turing is highly desirable and is the
aim of the breeders of the beef herds.
"Thin animals are not profitable, as
was proved by an experiment with two
calves, each weiglng 200 pounds at
the start and kept on special feed for
thirty-eight months. One was fed a
maintenance ration for a year and
held to 200 pounds. The other receiv
ed a fattening ration throughout the
entire time. The first, though it re
ceived only enough to Jkeep it at
200 pounds weight, grew In size and
bone. When put on a fattening ra
tion it made faster and more economi
cal gains than the latter but never
made the final weight
"All our experiments point that the
thinner the animal the less food re
quired to make a pound of gain; that
it costs nearly twice aB much to put
gain on during the last half of the
feeding period as it does during the
first half."
500 Will Go to U. D. Club
to Eat Prize Meat and
Hear Toasts.
Visitors to Occupy (Student
Places and Eat the Best
From State Farm.
Prof. Johnson Originates System of
Systematic Bookkeeping.
The farm management department
hac a simplified nystem for keeping
farm accounts. Prof ). i: Johnson
is the originator ami bis '-vork wl.l
soon be available to tlie farmers of
the state in bullet'n form.
f.ingle-entry bookkeeping under dif
ferent hei-ls, such as field crour, stock,
.ator and machinery, is a sinij-le and
meritorious system. lrofessor John
on's 'Farm Dlmy is mor-j detail
Practical Results Obtained
From Farmers' Week,
They Say.
W.. R- Hcdpeth of Cooper County
came to Farmers' Week "just to see
what was going on". He is interested
especially in corn growing. Cooper
is a fine corn county, according to
Mr. Hedpeth.
"I set my boy up with 160 acres
of land but wish I had given him a
high school education and sent him
to the College of Agriculture here in
stead." Thus Charles W. Leazenby,
who owns half section of Harrison
County land, expressed his impres
sion of the college here. This Is his
first visit to Columbia.
James A. Smith of Ray County
thinks the farmers of Northwest
Missouri are the most progressive in
the state. He says the farmers in
his section use intensive methods of
farming," and keep up with all the
new methods of soil cultivation. Mr.
Smith will stay here the entire week.
He has a son attending the College
of Agriculture.
Five hundred farmers will assemble
at 6 o'clock tonight at the eighth an
nual banquet given at the University
Dining Club to those attending Farm
ers Week. President A. Ross Hiil
will act as toastmaster and talks will
be made by ten persons.
President H. J. Waters of the Kan
sas State Agricultural College will
talk on "Agriculture and the State;"
P. P. Lewis, president of the State
Board of Agriculture, on "The Modern
Farmer;" T. F. Mornall, a former
member of the Board of Curators, on
"The College of Agriculture;" Sam
uel M. Jordan, county farm adviser
of Pettis County, on "There's More
in the Man than there is in the Lan';-
M. L. Houser of Mandovi, Wis., on
The Rural Life;" M. M. Maple of
Chicago on "The Milky Way;" Doc
tor Paul Evans of Mountain Grove
on "The Witchcraft of Plant Breed
ing;" Richard Dalton of Hannibal on
"The Faithful Earth, ' and Miss Maud
Griffith of Clinton on "The Farmers'
The menu of the banquet is printed
in an eight-page program of old Eng
lish type. Four pages are quotations
from the Greek poets. The menu con
sists of sweet pickles, U. of M. celer3",
escalloped oysters, U. of M. grand
prize roast beef, mashec potatoes, peas,
Boston brown bread, U. of M. dairy
butter, fruit salad, mayonnaise dres
sing, sweet cider, bread, University
Dining Club mince pie, U. of M. dairy
Farmer and Basiaess Man Mast Co
operate, Says Speaker.
"There can be no question but
what the business man in town and
the farmer have a destiny In com
mon. Both need a good country
town. To the end of mutual benefit
the farmer should belong to the com
mercial club."
William HIrth of Columbia, presi
dent of the state federation of com
mercial clubs, said this at the rural
life conference yesterday. "The Coun
try Town" was the subject of the dis
cussion. Mr. Hirth says that busi
ness men are getting behind the far
mers because they recognize It is
good business to do so.
"Agriculture is the largest busi
ness in the country," Mr. HIrth said.
"The farmers must organize and
solve their own problems. The con
solidated rural school will be a real
S. M. Jordan, farm adviser of Pet
tis County, laid emphasis on the
need of providing -a condition that
will make it possible for every far
mer to own his own farm. He favors
some scheme of aid such as Den
mark has, whereby the government
buys the land of absentee owners and
sells it to tenants. The land itself Is
good security.
"We've grown up by standing on
our own pegs and we rather enjoy
it But we'll have to get together,"
he said.
Since the Service Began More
Than 3,000 Pieces Have
Been Handled.
Good Team Work Gives
Basketball Tigers Easy
Victory Over Iowans.
Columbia's Receipts Double
Those of Hannibal Ex
penses Increase.
This city ranks seventh in the state
on receipts from the parcel post. It
is ahead of Jefferson City, Hannibal
and other larger cities. The post
master of Columbia is asking for
$743.60 to conduct the service until
June 30. From July 1, 1313 to July
1, 1914 he' is asking for $1622.40.
For the first sixteen days in the
month of January the expense for the
additional service was $36.40. The av
erage weight for a package was one
pound and two' ounces. During that
time the postoffice has received 2,160
pieces and has sent out 371. Tho
amount received here is twice the
amount received at Hannibal. In the
first fifteen days $83.28 was taken in
from the sale of stamps.
cheese, ice cream, cake, mints, al
monds, prize apples, coffee and cigar?.
Not as much will be served this
year from the department of horticul
ture because not as much was raised.
The cafeteria will be opened at 5
o'clock so as to furnish supper to the
regular boarders of the University
Dining Club who are giving up their
tables for the banquet
Chris Smith of Bunceton, Cooper
County, has attended Farmers' Week
nine times. That he has been bene
fited by his visits here can be proved
by the fact that this time he won
both grand championships in the
corn show. This Is hfs first year to
win this honor. According to Mr.
Smith, Cooper County grows some
very fine cob corn, out of which the
corn-cob pipe is made.
fatt Cohen, a horseman of Lexing
ton, Ky., gave a short talk in which
he complimented the farmers on the
"Rations for fattening cattle should
always be highly digestible," said
Professor H. O. Allison to the Mis
souri Cattle Breeders Association
yesterday afternoon. "Clover, alfalfa,
cowpea hay, or a nitrogenous con
centrate should always be used with
corn if the best results are to be ob
tained," be said.
President Waters of the Kansas
State Agricultural College, told of
silage experiments in Kansas. He
corroborated Mr. Allison and added
that silage made from kaffir corn and
cane was also "excellent for fattening
Dean F. B. Mamfora' Gives Besalts of
Experiment of College of AgriealtBre.
Experiments at the College of Agrl-j
culture show that for the general!
Lewis Edison, who lives near Boon-
vllle, said he was Interested more in
the hog cholera serum than anything
else. He said that out of twenty
hogs that were affected he saved flv6
by giving them this treatment Out
of sixty-six that he treated different
ly, he saved only one and began the
treatment of the sixty-six before they
were sick.
Prof. H. S. Colwell (o Lead Meetings
ob Work of YoHHg People.
A series of conferences on young
people's work are to be held in the
parlors of the Christian Church
tomorrow and Sunday. They will be
held at 2:30 o'clock tomorrow after
noon, at 7:30 o'clock tomorrow night,
and at 2:30 o'clock Sunday after
noon. These conferences are to be
followed by a rally of all the young
people's societies at the Baptist
Church at 6:15 o'clock Sunday night
The meetings are all to be under
the leadership of Prof. Howard S.
Colwell of St Louis, secretary of the
Baptist Young People's Union of
Missouri. At 7:30 tonight Pro
fessor Colwell will give an ad
dress at the Baptist Church on "The
Arcadia Valley Assembly." This meet
ing will be followed by a social hour
and is open to all the young people
of Columbia.
"There is a great deal to be learned
at the corn show," said E. E. William
son. "I think that I can learn some
thing here that will do me good in the
managing of my farm when I go back
home. I am 'mostly interested In
stock raising. That's the way I make
most of my money." Mr. Williamson
lives at Huntsdale, Mo. He is one cf
the farmers that is here for practical
observation. '
R. A. Hatfield of Trenton, Grundy
County, a grower of the improved
Yellow Dent seed corn, has been ex
perimenting and improving this va
riety of corn for the last seven
years. Mr. Hatfield says: "I have
been improving the Reed's Dent corn
(Continued on page fonr.)
Then a Fire at Athens Bowling Al
leys Did $3 Damage.
A small fire at the Athens Bowling
Alleys, on Tenth street burned a hole
in the floor, causing a loss of about
$3 this morning. C. P. Hale, the pro
prietor, had been examining one of
the pin setters, using a piece of
burning paper for a light, and thinks
this dropped on the floor, starting
the fire.
Editors DIscbss Country Paper.
Ovid Bell of Fulton, president of the
Missouri Press Association, Jewell
Mayes of Richmond and Mitchell
White of Mexico were among the
speakers at the Rural Life Conference
this afternoon. They discussed the
country town newspaper.
M. K. T. General Manager Here.
W. A. Webb, general manager of the
Missouri, Kansas and Texas railroad.
Is in Columbia today on an inspection
Good team work by Missouri was
the cause of Ames's crushing defeat
last night by the Tigers. The score
was 28 to 14. Ames's poor team work
figured almost as much in the result
as Missouri's good work did.
The Iowans were clearly outclass-jd
and at no time threatened to make it
eten interesting for the Tigers. In
the last part of the second half, when
four substitutes were sent into the
game, the Cyclones did a little better
and added 'six points to their score.
The game was free from rough work
and did not furnish much excitement
Personal fouls were few.
Stern, playing right guard, in place
of Captain Edwards, who has an in
jured leg, was a star for the Tigers.
Craig, who scored ten of Missouri's
points, made several goals by clever
work. He camped under his own goal
and took long throws from the other
end of the court and made the bas
kets unmolested. Palfreyman, the
speed boy, made the most sensational
basket of the year when he dropped
the ball In from almost the middle of
the court He received a round of
applause for his difficult shot
Although the game with Ames was
the first conference battle for the
Tigers, It will not count in the cham
pionship reckoning, as Ames is in tho
northern division.
The game tonight will be called
at 7:45.
The line-up:
Craig, Goldman l.f.
Taaffe, Macom r.'f.
Bcrnet, Carson c.
Palfreyman, Brodle l.g.
Stern r.g.
Summary: Goals Craig 4, Taaffe
2, Bernet 4, Palfreyman 1, Bisbee 2,
Rodcer 1. Millar 1. Free throws
Taaffe 4. Craig 2, Pfund 2, Rath 4.
Fouls Missouri 12, Ames 12. The
score at the end of the first half was
16 to 4 in favor of Missouri.
Officials: Hoover (Baker), referee;
Anderson (Missouri), timekeeper.
Five men of the gymnasium classes
will give an exhibition between the
halves of the basketball game .to
night These men are training for
the try-out of the gymndslum team
which will be held at the
Director of Athletics at Colorado
University Ylslts M. U.
Frank Castleman, director of ath
letics at the Unviersity of Colorado,
Inspected Rothwcll Gymnasium and
the athletic equipment here yester
day. He is making a trip of inspec
tion through this part of the coun
try visiting all the larger schools.
Mr. Castleman is a . graduate of
Colgate University and is famous as
a hurdler on its track team. He was
on the Olympic team In 1304.
F. H. Russell Is President of
Farmers' Exchange Fur
ther Plans Discussed.
Pfund, Millar
F. H. Russell was elected president,
and T. E. Atkins vice-president of the
Farmers' Exchange at a meeting yes
terday. The purpose of the organization was
again explained by D. H. Doane, asso
ciate professor of farm management
in the College of Agriculture. It is
simply a cooperative concern for the
buying and selling of farm products
through a general secretary, who re
ceives a small commission on eaca
The discussion brought out that the
association is not designed to inter
fere in any way with the Independence
of any member, or of anyone. No one
is bound to buy or sell through the
Exchange, if he prefers some other
way. Buying and selling Is not to
be confined to members. Any farmer
may carry on his business through it
if he wishes.
This afternoon the organization will
be completed. An advisory board.
composed of members from each asso
ciation represented in the Exchange, a
committee to draw up a constitution
and by-laws and a general secretary
are to be appointed.
end of
March. The men making the team
will go to the Big Nine Conference
meet The men working tonight will
be: Schrader, Werner, Gray, Meyer
and Richards.
Before the regular game tonight
the freshmen team will play the
High School team. This preliminary
game will start at 7:15 o'clock.
The Varsity game will start at 7:45.
Captain Edwards will not be able to
get in the game tonight He spent
last night in the hospital. Stern
will play in his place.
The attendance at the game last
night was 1,550. The fating capac
ity of the gymnasium la estimated at
T. C WHsoa AdTocates Laws to Reg
alate MaaafaetBre and Sale.
Legislation controlling the manu
facture and sale of hog cholera serum
was recommended by T. C. Wilson,
secretary of the State Board of Agri
culture, in his report to the board
Wednesday. He also recomtnended a
special organizer for farmers' insti
tutes. Reports from the other offi
cers were also made to the board.
Member of Board of Cantors At
tends Farmers' Week.
Mr. Charles E. Yeater of Sedalia is
attending Farmers' Week here. Mr.
Yeater is a member of the Board of
Curators of the University.
Late Wabash Special for Farmers.
The Wabash Railroad will run a
special train from Columbia to Cen
tralla tonight The train will leave
Columbia at 11:30 o'clock.
Cantors Meet Tomorrow.
The Board ,of Curators of the Uni
versity will meet in Academic Hall
I tomorrow morning.

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