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THE EVENING MISSOURIAN
OF ROBBER RETAILER
Food Administration Has
Power and Will Exert It
SMALL SAVINGS AID
Warning Issued Against
The retailer who after November 1
attempts to make excessive profits on
food stuffs may find his supplies from
licensed wholesale distribution and
manufacturing concerns cut off, ac
cording to an announcement made to
day by Dean P. B. Mumford, Federal
Food Administrator for Missouri.
"The Food Administration by its
licensing power has been given the
means of obtaining such results,"
Dean Mumford asserted. Pressure can
be brought to bear if deemed neces
sary. However, through voluntary co
operation, the Food Administration
has obtained the elimination of
speculation, hoarding and excessive
charges in foodstuffs.
"Since the Food Administration be
gan its work, flour has been reduced
from $17 to $11 a barrel, representing
a monthly saving to the consumers in
this nation of $60,000-000.
The Food Administration is trying
to effect a union of the American
people, so acting together under
central government direction and ad
vice that they may effect savings In
such a manner that commodities which
we may export, such as wheat, meat
fats and sugar, shall not be- reduced
to a point where largely increased
prices for home consumption are in
Everybody Urged to Do Ills Part
The war must be paid for by the
people, and their payment must come
from their savings. Every citizen
may do his or her part in making this
saving possible, by conserving a small
amount of his ordinary consumption
and substituting other foods of -which
we have a great abundance but which
we cannot export."
Authentic reports of anti-American
propaganda seeking to .prevent the
signing of the food pledge cards were
received from several states today by
"While no positive evidence has
been received by the Food Adminis
tration of the machinations of such
propaganda In Missouri, I have re
ports from several states showing the
existence of a conspiracy to prevent
the American people from joining the
Food Administration in its effort to
conserve the food supply," Dean
Warns Against Propaganda.
"All leaders of the Tood pledge card
campaign are warned agains tthis in
sidious propaganda and are urged to
redouble their efforts. The best an
swer that can be given to this form
of treason is a greater enrollment
than the original allotment.
"That this result will be realized,"
Dean Mumford continued, "is indi
cated by reports received from .the
first day's work of the campaign. Ac
cording to these reports, more persons
signed the food pledge cards on the
first day of the campaign than signed
them during the entire campaign con
ducted last summer. This report is
only partial in its scope."
LOAX CAMPAIGN COST 8310
Evpense Will lie Born by County
Hanks and St. Louis Organization.
The total expense for carrying on
the second Liberty Loan campaign in
Boone County was $310. The biggest
item was $150 for advertising in the
papers over the county; $55 was spent
for stenographic work and the rest
of the money was used to pay for sta
tionery and long distance telephone
calls. The Boone County banks will
stand most of this expense and the
Liberty Loan Organization of. St.
Louis the rest. All the men of the
Boone County Liberty Loan Organiza
tion gave their time free of charge
and the citizens lent their automobiles.
OLD GUAM) BUTTONS GO FAST
A Thousand Are Put on Sale and Girls
Call fur More at 9 O'clock.
The sign of recognition today is the
Old Guard button. A thousand but
tons went on sale. All those on re
serve at the Co-Op and the Missouri
Store were out by 9 o'clock and the
sorority shares were selling rapidly.
The Individual girls were distributing
their shares easily and many were
Morris E. Dry, student president,
Eaid the sales had been unusually
eood and that the final results would
be known tomorrow morning.
Persimmons Grow Big In Arizona.
George Thomson, county treasurer,
received yesterday six persimmons,
each of which measured between eight
and nine inches in circumference,
tom James II. Reid of Phoenix, Ariz.,
formerly employed at the Central
Bank. The persimmons filled a shoe
o. 1. Meeting of Margaret Elwang
Circle of King's Daughters at
lioine of Mrs. Kenneth Cunning
ham, 51S College avenue.
Nov. 2. Increased postage rate goes Into
Nov. 2. Football mass meeting at the
University Auditorium at 7:20 p. m.
.Nov. 2. Prof. J. W. Hudson will speak on
"The Educator and Social Kecon
structlon" under the auspices
of the Alpha Zeta TI at SSO p.
m. In the University Auditorium.
Nov. 3. Columbia Equal Suffrage League
will meet at 2:30 o'clock at the
home of Mrs. W. E. Harshe, 400
South Sixth street.
Nov. 3. MlMourl-Oklabonia football game
on ltolllns Field.
Nov. 3. Meeting of hog producers of
Missouri at the College of Agri
culture. Nov. 12. Second Phi Mu Alpha concert by
Zoellncr Ouartet In University
Nov. 23. Missouri-Kansas football game
on Rollins Field. Homecoming
lay at the University.
A 1ILLI0NJNS SOON
Chairman Hurley Says This
Much Shipping Will Be
Completed March 1.
By Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Oct. 31. American
shipyards will complete 1,000,000 tons
of shipping by March 1, Chairman
Hurley of the Shipping Board told a
conference of Atlantic coast ship
builders, called with reference to
speeding up the shipbuilding program.
"In the whole of 1916," said Mr.
Hurley, "wo turned out a little more
than 750,000 tons. AVe will achieve in
the next four months far more than
we did in the last twelve. Our new
goal is ten times that of 1916, and we
cannot achieve it by normal methods
and ordinary means.
"This is an extraordinary situation
in the country's history. We are
confronted by an abnormal task and
must apply abnormal methods. Every
ounce of our energies and intelligence
must be directed against sloth and
inefficiency so as to master the new
difficulties imposed by the war."
ELECTS THREE NEW MEMBERS
Tuesday Club Met Yesterday in T. M.
C. A. Auditorium.
The names of Mrs. W'Hiam Pearman,
Mrs. Will Guitar and Mrs. Richard
Silverstine were proposed for mem
bership and werft unanimously ac
cepted at the meeting of the Tuesday
Club yesterday afternoon in the Y. M.
C. A. Auditorium.
Robert White, violinist, accompanied
by Miss Cena Lack Bryan of the Con
servatory of Music at Christian Col
lege, gave a short musical program.
Mrs. J. M. Batterton read a paper on
"The Indians in Missouri." Mrs. Tyra
Green explained the music of the
American Indian. Mrs. A. McAfee gave
an account of the Indian wars and
massacres in Missouri and Mrs. F. B.
Moore gave a talk on the legends,
names and places on Indian origin.
86 ENTERED FOR SHORT COURSE
79 Men and 7 Women Included In En
rollment to Neon Today.
The total registration for the Short
Course in Agriculture up to noon to
day was 86, according to Prof. E. H.
Hughes, superintendent of the Short
Course. Of this number, 79 are men
and 7 women. Sixty-one new stu
dents are registered. Of the women
who entered only one is taking the
straight course. The others are en
tered for work in home economics and
Red Cross work.
"The enrollment this morning has
been very encouraging," Professor
Hughes said at noon. "In view of the
labor shortage on the farms and the
war situation, we are very well
pleased." The registration will con
tinue until tomorrow afternoon.
COLUMBIA II. S. OUT OF COAL
Grade Schools Must Have More by
Tomorrow or Close.
The Columbia High School is out of
coal. The supply on hand this morn
ing lasted only a few hours and, if
the day had not been warm, it would
have been necessary to dismiss the
There was enough coal to run hte
elementary schools today, but unless
more is secured before tomorrow they
will have to be closed.
RUNS INTO TELEPHONE POLE
Horse Valued at $250 Breaks Leg and
Had to Be Shot.
This morning while workmen were
loading a wagon with shingles at the
Taylor-Estes Lumber Company, the
horse became frightened, ran into a
telephone pole on the opposite side
of the street and broke its leg. The
horse had to be shot. It was valued
All Saints' Day Services.
The services for All Saints' Day at
the Calvary Episcopal Church, will be
held at 10 o'clock tomorrow morning
instead of 7:30 o'clock in the evening
as announced. The services will con
sist of morning prayer, a brief address
and Holy Communion.
Arrange for Short Course Students.
Special classes will be organized
Snnifav mornine .at the Methodist
Sunday School for" tpe hort Course
COLUMBIA, MISSOURI, WEDNESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 31, 1917.
C TY BUYS ABOUT 3D
T. W. Whittle, for Council,
Gets Fuel 1 Car Shipped
5 Start Tomorrow.
HERE NEXT WEEK
Supply Is for Small Consum
ers 25 Cars to Be Sent
Columbia bought about thirty cars
of cdal yesterday through Its repre
sentative, T. W. Whittle, who was
sent to St. Louis by the City Council.
Mr. Whittle returned this morning.
Six carloads will be ready for distri
bution next week. One carload was
shipped yesterday, the other Ave will
be shipped tomorrow.
Twenty or twenty-five more car
loads were promised him and will be
sent as soon as equipment can be
provided. Mr. Whittle talked to Co
lumbus Hale, vice-president of the -M.
K. and T. Railroad, who promised to
do all he could to get equipment to
transport Columbia's order. So many
back orders are on hand that the
railroads are having difficulty in pro
viding transportation for all of the
This coal will not be used by the
city plants, fc(ft will be sold to small
consumers. The means of distribution
have not been decided yet. The coun
cil will decide this in a day or two.
Mr. Whittle thinks the usual method
of distribution through the dealers
will be used.
Coal Higher in St. Louis Than Here.
The Polar Wave Ice and Fuel Com
pany, a concern operating forty oi
fifty yards in St. Louis, had only throe
cars of coal in all of its yards yes
terday and was unable to obtain more
immediately. Mr. Whittle says coal is
higher in price in St. Louis than in
Columbia and the shortage is 'far
Only about four days are required
normally in the transportation of
Columbians coal from the mines to the
yards here. .Owing to the transport
tation difficulties now, about seven or
eight days are taken. This thrdws all
of-the local jai&Tbeaind on their or
ders. While in St. Louis, Mr. Whittle
talked to Wallace Crossley, lieutenant-governor
of the state, who was
recently appointed State Fuel Admin
istrator. Mr. Crossley said that one
of the duties of the fuel administrator
was to see that there was no fuel
hoarding. When dealers get a sup
ply of coal they must supply as many
people as they can and sell no one an
unreasonable supply. Mr. Crossley
may take coal from opulent dealers
and sell it to less fortuuate dealers.
This power was given him in Wash
ington at the conference from which
he had just returned.
To Divide States Into Districts.
The state will be divided into fifty
administrative districts, each of
which will have a chairman. The
chairman will appoint committees to
help him. These districts will have
to report the supplies of coal on hand
and keep account of large stocks, so
that in case of need they can be dis
tributed where they are worst needed.
Reports will be obtained from the
chairman of each district on the re
tail prices charged so that the fuel
administrator can tell if dealers are
conforming with the National Fuel
Administration's order of October 1.
The 45 cents increase a ton in the
price of coal authorized by President
Wilson will go into effect about the
middle of the week. The new scale
of wages granted the miners goes into
effect November 1. This is the cause
for the increased price of coal. Mr.
Crossley says dealers are confident
that this wage arrangement has set
tled the strike situation for the rest
of the war.
SPUDS FOR GERMANY, ANYWAY
Food Department Says Winter Food
Supply Is Assured.
By Associated Press
BERLIN, Oct. 31. Speaking today
to a congress of food delegates, Herr
Braum, under secretary of the German
food department, told the delegates
that the subsistence of Germany had
been assured for the fourth winter of
the war. The German potato crop,
was between 4,000,000 and 4,5000,000
tons above the estimate and the corn
supply for the winter already had been
Dean Loeb to important Meeting.
Prof. Isidor Loeb of the University,
Judge H. S. Priest of St. Louis and
Judge Peyton Sparks of Clinton have
been appointed by Governor Gardner
to represent the state at an important
session of the American Academy of
Political and Social Science, to be held
in Philadelphia November 2 and 3.
3Hss Frances Thompson Weds.
Miss Frances Thompson, daughter
of W. E. Thompson, and Frank Glenn
of Columbia were married at 4 o'clock
this afternoon at the home of the
Rev. W. S. St. Clair. They went to
SPECIAL U. S. WAR TAXES
By Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Oct. 31 This is the
last day of grace from many new war
With the exception of increased let
ter rates nnd tobacco taxes which go
Into effect Friday, and the special
etamp taxes on documents, legal in
struments and parcel post packages,
which go into operation December 1,
all special taxes begin to apply at mid
night tonight. They include:
One cent on each dime paid for
Three per cent on payments for
Eight per cent on passenger fares.
Ten per cent on payments for Pull
man and similar accommodations.
Five per cent on oil pipe line trans
portation. One cent for each 20 cents or frac
tion paid for express packages.
Five cents on each telegraph,
telephone or radio message costing 15
cents or more.
Various taxes on cigars, cigarettes,
tobacco and products.
Ten per cent on club dues.
Eight cents on each $100 of new
life insurance and 1 cent in each dol
lar of fire' marine, casualty and other
insurance policies. i
Although the tobacco taxes do not
become operative until Friday many
dealers, have already advanced prices
ii?antlpation of the tax levies. Other
taxes of the new law. Including those
on hard and soft drinks, incomes and
war-excess profits, have been in effect
since the law was approved October 3,
but in indirect form.
More Taxes in December.
On December 1, the new stamp
taxes, including those on parcel post
packages, will be payable, putting the
UIre-Taw Into complete operation, ex
cept for increased rates on second
class mail, postponed until July 1
Increases In first-class mail rates
probably will be most generally felt
by the people. The law provides that
the postage on letters, except "drop'
or local letters, shall be 3 cents; and
that on post cards, including private
mailing cards, shall be 1 cent more
than heretofore. This increase in
cludes so-called picture .postcards.
TJc advances were made effective
hirty days after passage of the law,
and are construed by the Post Office
Department to begin with letters and
post cards postmarked November 2.
The increases also have extended
by departmental order to first-class
mail to many foreign countries, which
under postal conventions, have en
joyed the domestic rates The new 3
cent letter, rate therefore, will apply
to letters to Canada, Cuba, Mexico,
Panama, England. Ireland, Scotland,
Wales,, the Bahamas, Barhadoes,
British Guinea, British Honduras,
Santo Domingo, Dutch West Indies,
Leeward Islands, Newfoundland and
New Zealand. The post card in
crease will extend to Canada. Cuba,
Mexico and Panama, the only coun-
Hoover Pledge Workers
Find Many Families Short
of Food and Fuel.
Out of coal and food, with a sick
wife and hungry children, A. J.
Barnes of Bowling street told the can
vasser for the Hoover food pledge
that he would do all he could to help
the government in food conservation.
He has a brother-in-law in the army.
"I don't see how I can do much,
but I will try," he said.
Mrs. L. L. Hunt, who is working on
Mrs. H. K. Bayless' committee, said
that In the Clark lane district, on the
North Side, the fuel situation is seri
ous. Most of the families have only
one bucket of coal, many of them
none at all. No one has -more than
two bushels of coal. In spite of these
conditions, Mrs. Hunt found the peo
ple very responsive and willing to
sign the food pledge.
Only one man and two women did
not sign. The man, who is a clerk in
a grocery store, refused without giv
ing any reason. The two women did
not understand, and looked upon the
canvasser as a peddler.
Mrs. H. K. Bayless reports that in
her district her campaigners have had
not more than one or two refuse to
sign. Everybody in the Fourth ward
has responded very well, but the fuel
situation is not good there. No fam
ily had more than half enough fuel to
last them through the winter, and
there were two who had none at all.
The Rev. E. S. Redd, pastor of the
negro Second Baptist Church, will
have a meeting of his committees to
night at the church. He will give in
structions for the campaign which
will be started tomorrow.
"Practically all the women we have
visited are very responsive," said
Mrs. W. E. Harshe after yesterday's
canvass. "The canvassers are work
ing carefully and conscientiously,
and the reports so far indicate a
splendid success. The girls of Chris-
tries which hace enjoyed the domestic
post card rate.
lor consumers' convenience, books
of postage stamps containing 3-cent
stamps are in readiness for sale and
the department has had printed thous
anas of 2-cent post cards. First-class
uuui iJUHuiiarKeu tomorrow or any
time prior to 12:01 a. m. November 2.
regardless of time taken for delivery.
win do trasmltted at the old rates.
but that postmarked thereafter must
pay the increased toll.
Holders of "Comps" Must Pay.
Amusement admission taxes become
effective tomorrow at places charging
more than 10 cents. They are 1 cent
for each 10 cents or fraction paid
for such admission, payable by the
person admitted but collected by the
government from the amusement pro
prietor, required to make sworn re
turns to the treasury. A fiat tax of 1
cent for each child under 12 admitted
when children are charged also is
pruviuuu. rasses aiso are taxed, ex
cept those to -bona fide employes.
municipal officers and children under
12, at the regular rate, which also Is
extended to cabarets or other enter
tainment in which the admission Is
included in the price paid for refresh
ment, merchandise or service. Per
sons leasing theater boxes must pay
10 per cent on their rental.
The new rates on cigars range from
25 cents to $7 a thousand and on
cigarettes from 80 cents to $1.20 a
thousand. Five cents a pound is the
new tax on tobacco, snuff and other
manufactured tobacco, while cigarette
papers are taxed from y cent to 1
cent a hundred. As the taxes are
now reaching the ultimate consumer,
the increases mean about 1 cent
more on 5-cent tobacco packages,
from 2 to 5 cents on cigarette pack
ages and from 1 to 10 cents on cigars.
The taxes on freight and passenger
transportation are also extended to
motor vehicle competitors of steam
and electric railways and water lines.
The passenger transportation tax is
inot applicable to fares costing 35
cents or less or commutation or sea
son tickets for trips less than thirty
miles. Payments for services rendered
the federal and state governments are
exempt from taxation.
Tax on Pullman Seats.
The 10 per cent tax on Pullman ac
commodations is applicable to pay
ments for seats, berths and staterooms
in parlor and sleeping cars or on
The 5-cent tax on telegraph, tele
phone or radio messages costing 15
cents or more applies only to those
originating in the United States.
Clubs whose dues arc less than $12
a year and fees to lodges are exempt
from the 10 per cent tax on club dues.
The new insurance taxes are im
posed on now policies issued, with
reinsurance policies exempted. In
dustrial or weekly-payment policies
are taxed 40 per cent on the first
premium on policies for $500 or less
For Columbia and Vicinity: Oenerally
fair tonight and Thursday slightly
warmer tonight, lowest temperature about
For Missouri: Fair tonight and Thurs
day; slightly warmer tonight west and
The Temperatures Today.
7 a. m 20 11 a. m 37
8 a. m 30 12 m 39
9 a. m
10 a. m..
1 p. m
2 p. m
tian College all registered after I
talked to them, and the work there is
to be carried on through the Y. W.
Mrs. Carrie George, who has charge
of the campaign in the University
Cafeteria, had so many signers yes-
terdav noon that she ran out of
cards before the meal was over. More
than 275 signed at the Cafeteria alone,
as against the 220 in all of Boone
County, whe signed on registration
day last summer.
Although the women In charge
were somewhat handicapped yester
day afternoon on account of lack of
cards, they were able to accomplish
much more today, for they have a
UNIVERSITY WOMEN TO MEET
Discipline Will Be One of the Subjects
A mass meeting of the University
women will be held at 4 o'clock
Thursday afternoon in the University
Auditorium. Miss Katherine King will
report on the Y. M. C. A. campaign
conference held in Jeffercon City, at
which she was a representative of the
women's student body. Rules for
discipline will also be discussed,
ONE NEGRO IS A SLACKER
Irvin Pettlgrew of Sturgeon to Be
Taken to Jefferson Barracks.
Boone County's first slacker was
found Monday when Irvin Pettlgrew
of Sturgeon, one of the negroes order
ed to report Sunday for the training
camp, failed to appear. Sheriff White
sides 'went to Sturgeon yesterday and
brought Pettlgrew with him. He will
be taken, to Jefferson Barracks.
DRIVE AGIST ITALY
IS UNIFYING PEOPLE
Socialists Seek Political
Truce to Strengthen Na
tion in Crisis.
TO SHORTEN .LINES
Military Authorities Regard
Invasion as Attempt to
Bx Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Oct. 31.-Gratify-ing
evidence of the unifying effect on
the Italian people of the Austro-German
offensive is shown by official
cablegrams received here today.
Socialists have shown a disposition for
a truce in the political struggle in
order to strengthen the' people for re
sistance of the invasion.
The Austro-German invasion is re
garded as the last desperate attempt
of the Central Powers, by crushing
Italy, to force a peace before the
fourth witner of war begins. Military
experts in Rome are pointing out that
the enormous mass of the enemy may
menace the Italian rear lines or all
This numerical superiority of the
enemy lines along the entire front
makes it necessary to mass the Italian
forces by drawing back the arched
front and shorening the lines, which
are now divided and notched along
While this will consolidate and
strengthen the Italian lines, the enemy
lines will be diminished in strength as
they advance, as they will be obliged to
use large forces to maintain communi
cations and will lose the impetus of
the first days of the drive.
Campaign Succeeding, Says Berlin.
By Associated Press
BERLIN (via London), Oct, 31.
The campaign of the Italian front is
being developed in accordance with
the intentions of the Austro-German
leaders, the war office reports.
Retreat to New Defense Line.
By Associated Press
ROME, Oct. 31. There were various
hill and canal engagements between
the Italian armies and the invading
German troops yesterday, says a re
port issued at the war office today.
The Italian covering units and cav
alry permit the other troops to con
tinue to move toward their new line
MANY PORK RAISERS EXPECTED
Letters From AH Parts of State Ex
press Approval of Conference.
That the conference of Missouri nork
producers, to be held in the Agricul
tural Building of the University, will
tie well attended is the opinion of E.
A. Trowbridge of the College of Agri
culture, based on the number of let
ters of interest and approval he has
received concerning it. Almost all
those on the program have responded
favorably. The acceptance of George
M. Rommel of the division of animal
husbandry at Washington was re
ceived thl3 morning. Mr. Trowbridge
urges that Boone County farmers at
tend. The members of the Block and
Bridal Club, the students' live stock
club of the University, are going to
help entertain the visitors.
REPORT OF GERMAN MUTINY
Soldiers, It Is Said. Refused to Go to
By Araocltted Press
AMSTERDAM, Oct. 31. According
to the newspaper Les Nouvelelles, a
serious mutiny has occurred among
the German soldiers at a camp in
Belgium. The men, it was said, re
fused to go to the front and damaged
their own rifles while others fired
n their officers, several of whom were
The mutineers were finally
and removed In cattle
BIG LOSS IN BALTIMORE FIRE
British Ship and Railway Piers
Burned Last Night.
By Associated Press
BALTIMORE, Oct. 31. A disas
trous fire, which wrecked two of the
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad terminal
piers and spread to a British steam
ship, broke out last night, causing a
probable loss of seven lives and a
financial loss of three to four million
dollars. It is believed the fire was of
Christian Juniors Elect Officers.
The juniors at Christian College
elected these officers yesterday: Pres
ident. Miss Gladys Mlnges, Sherman,
Tex.: vice-president, Miss Lavlnla
Hickman, Columbia; secretary, Miss
Dorothy Schwabe, Columbia; treas
urer, Miss Bernicc Henderson, Bur
These Girls Use No Sugar.
Mrs. W. E. Harshe spoke Tuesday
morning at Christian College on food
conservation. The girls promised to
co-operate in the campaign for
pledges. The girls at one of the tables
in the dining room have given up 'the
use of sugar.