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THE EVEXIKG MISSOUBIAK. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1917.
. HirnR fiOLD RESERVE
- Tiedfield Makes Annual Re-
B, AwocUted B
Hedfield's report of the
.firlflSs or me uepuriiuum oi
T fttVfvpTOV. Dec. 13. Measures
WASHINGTON t .,..
, .nK uw-
for w"B nnortunty are foremost
world trauc rr .
many actiV . . .ndnv fn rnn
rmmerce P""":" V" lv- 111
- j Department iiruuuuij cuu
! more different phases of Gov-
ern.?e,i ,r touched upon in the
while -,. for ,
APPARENT WASTE IS
e ...i mrasures for promoting
l0DR!irn trade and an account of the
,. commercial operations stand
Re top of the list.
The visible balance or trade in
f,vor of the United States on mer
chandise transactions for the fiscal
III ended June 30. 1917. was $3,634.
0 905" sas the report. "The total
nf our merchandise export trade was
293 806,000 and of our import
trade $2 659.355,185. During the three
Months period from the close of the
lural year to October 1 the merchan
dise exports have .been $1,319,213,625.
The imports .$729,978.01:. and the net
visible balance $589,285,608.
TiiP Department earnestly hopes
for the passage early in the coming
session of the so-called "Webb bill,
now pending in the Senate. This mea
sure will have an important bearing
i. romottng our foreign commerce.
It will strengthen one of the weakest
,tnts in our foreign trade and will
rive confidence to many a manufac
lurer and merchant to undertake for
eign business from which now, for
lack of the authority this measure
will give, he feels himself excluded.
This country now holds the great
est reserve of gold the world has ever
seen. It is a great economic prize.
On it. as a secure base, rests our
national, state municipal, corporate,
and private credits. Let it be serious
ly diminished and the volume of cred
its that we can give is thereby dimin
ished also. There are but few ways
in which this reserve, based on which
our credits depend, can be adequately
protected from economic attack.
Among these methods are loans
abroad, investments abroad, sales
abroad, services abroad. By one or
another of these methods or by com
binations of them we can keep the
current of exchange so flowing that
our gold reserve raaj resist serious
diminution. In so doing we conserve
our power to give credit, which is to
say our power to do business on a
large scale. Tins means empioymem
srtivltv. occunation. We are becom
ing accustomed to loans abroad. We
are beginning, but as yet only begin
ning, to make investments abroad on
any considerable scale. We are not
yet rendering services abroad on a
large scale, such as insurance or
Letters are constantly received call
ing the attention of the Food Admin
istration to cases which, to the cor
respondents, indicate deliberate waste
or destruction of food.
Journeys past orchards may reveal
apples or other fruits rotting on the
ground; visits to railroad yards show
quantities of fruit, potatoes and oth
er vegetables that have been taken
from the cars, not to market, but to
dumping ground and rubbish heap:
or shells of eggs may be found in
some out-of-the-way place that have
been smashed by hundreds of dozens
while in nearby communities fresh
eggs may be practically unobtainable.
Incidents like these appear In the
newspapers, often under startling
headlines, and with the insinuation.
If not the direct charge, that such
cases represent widespread conditions
or general practices intended to raise
the price of foods by lessening the
The Pood Administration would not
discourage such letters, for It Is the
sincere desire of all interested In
food saving to know the facts of all
such apparent wastefulness. Such
articles, if based on truth as shown
by fair investigation, are to be en
couraged, since publicity, rather than
punishment, must' be the chief
agency in correcting food abuses. A
development of the patriotic co-operative
spirit ,which will lead the
producer, handler and dealer to share
with the consumer the burden of sav
ing will be of greater value than a
threat of Government control to pre
vent wasteful practices.
Waste Sometimes Unavoidable.
But Individuals and the public gen
erally should not over-emphasize Iso
lated instances of food loss which,
though regrettable, are often unavoid
able and of exceedingly slight effect
on the entire stock of the commodity.
They should especially guard against
wrong interpretation of the causes of
such loss. To charge wrong motives
is a very poor way to secure co-operation.
Fruitrottlng on the ground, for In
stance, may Indicate an economic
gain under present conditions, rather
than a loss. In many fruit-growing
sections labor was so scarce that It
was impossible to get help enough to
harvest the sound, well-ripened fruit
on the trees and to care, for other
valuable fall maturing crops. Pick
ing up the windfalls and culls would
have been wasteful. Much of this Im
perfect fruit could only be saved by
sacrificing more useful products and
it moved to market at all would not
have had a food value equal to its
cost, nor could It have been sold with
out a direct financial loss to producer
The, Food Administration has re
ports on several cases of railroad
dump-heap accumulations of perish
able products and has in almost every
instance found the apparent waste
unavoidable. Untimely freezes when
cars were en route to market, per
haps delayed toy traffic congestion,
ruined potatoes and made it necessary
to dispose of them summarily so that
the badly needed cars might be re
turned to service. In many cities
eggs and other food products must be
destroyed when condemned by health
officials, to render Impossible the use
of any of them for food when un
wholesome. Under certain conditions
of previous holding and with unfavor
able weather during delayed transit,
the percentage of spoiled eggs in a
shipment may become so great that
it Is economically wasteful to sort out
the few sound eggs remaining.
But windfall apples are not usually
allowed to go 'to waste, their value
for cider and vinegar Is too 'great;
the cars of potatoes destroyed by
freezing are too few to change any
figure In the estimates of our great
crop; and the few hundreds of cases
of eggs condemned represent an al
most inexpressible fraction of the mil
lions of dozens In prime condition
now in storage.
Calmness Must Rule.
Every care should be exercised to
avoid all food waste of every sort, and
anybody who willfully causes the loss
of good food products should be
brought. to justice. Any cases of this
sort ought to be reported promptly
to the federal food administrator of
the state or his local agent, who will
make an investigation at once, and,
if the evidence shows guilt, take de
cisive action. But calmness, not
hysteria, must rule America in her
food conservation program; and the
dally saving by each one of a small
quantity of the needed wheat, meat,
fats and sugar will overbalance by
millions of units those bulk losses
which seem large at close range, but
which are really negligible If not
widely distributed or frequently repeated.
University of Missouri alumnae in
Kansas City have arranged for a New
Years Day party for all students in
the University home for the holi
days. The entertainment will be held
at Drexel Hall and while the pro
gram is not complete as yet it Is un
derstood that it will be made up of
talks, dancing and stunts. A small
admission fee will be charged.
Mrs. James L. DeLong and Mrs.
Rollins M. Hockaday will entertain at
a Yulctide tea dance December 29, at
the Hotel Muchlebach in Kansas City
for their sons. Irving Hockaday, who
attends Princeton University, and Ed
mond DeLong, who is a student at the
University of Missouri.
Miss Irene Haines, a special student
in the University, was a dinner guest
last evening on the private car of
the Woman's Committee, Missouri Di
vision, Council of National Defense.
of Berry W. Jacobs, city collector,
will celebrate their golden wedding
anniversary December 20 at their
home west of Columbia. Eight chil
dren and eighteen grandchildren are
expected to attend the celebration.
MAY HATE PRISON CONTINGENT
British Subjects Serring Sentences
In U. S. May Be Taken Into Army.
By Associated Press
MARQUETTE, Mich., Dec. 13.
Marquette prison may furnish a con
tingent to the Allied forces fighting
In France, according to word received
by Warden Russell from the penology
commission of Canada, who asserted
that British subjects serving sen
tences can be taken into the army.
There are twenty British subjects
serving sentences in the penitentiary
here, fourteen of whom are under 40
years of age.
Send Magazines to Soldiers.
, The Christian Endeavor Society of
the Presbyterian Church shipped two
boxes of magazines and books to the
national cantonment at Camp Doni
phan, Okla., last evening. The society
has also undertaken the support of a
Mrs. Charles G. Boss will leave to
morrow for St. Louis where she will
spend the week-end with her mother,
Mrs. John Griffin.
Miss Vera Jane Holcomb of Bow
ling Green will come to Columbia
Saturday to be the guest of Miss
Frances and Miss Helen Mitchell, and
to attend the wedding of Miss Helen
The chaperons at the Sigma Phi
Epsllon dance Saturday night will be: '
Dr. and Mrs. C. A. Ellwood, Prof, and
Mrs. L. G. Rlnklc and Mrs. Anna
The chaperonsfor the PI Kappa
Alpha dance tomorrow night will be
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Guitar, Mr. and
Mrs. Brown Glenn and Miss Olive
The Alpha Delta Pi sorority will
entertain a number of children at a
Christmas party Sunday afternoon.
Mrs. W. T. Stephenson will assist the
girls. There will be a Christmas tree,
gifts and refreshments for the chil
dren. Games will be played.
Cosmopolitan Club Elects Two.
Dr. Mary V. Dover and Prof, and
Mrs. J. E. Wrench were elected hon
orary members of the Cosmopolitan
Club at a .business meeting held Tues
day night. A meeting is being
planned by the members of the club
who will be here during the holidays.
Other conferences have their trou
bles over the eligibility of players, as
well as the Missouri Valley Confer
ence. From Lafayette. Ind., comes
word that It is now practically cer
tain that Purdue and Indiana will
break off athletic relations. Senti
ment at Purdue is strongly against
continuing the scheduling of athletic
games with the downstate institution.
The fact that Indiana played two in
eligibles on Its football team all sea
son, although asked to remove them,
is generally known.
ot,tn aon nrntnsted Ewert and
Howard, the ineligibles, but at that
time did not have the proof and In
diana refused to remove the men until
Manager St. John of Ohio State
nroved the charges. Ohio, not fearing
tnHinnn riii not attempt to produce
the goods, and played Indiana with
the two ineligibles in the lineup.
Ohio State, it is said, will not sched
ule any more games witn inaiuno.
nor will Northwestern, riiinois or
Chicago. Purdue may take on Notre
Dame next year for the first time in
ten years. It is likely that the Boiler
makers will play Chicago. Illinois and
Stars in Service Flap
Bather Than on Diamond.
I!y Associated Press
ST. LOUIS. Dec. 13. Five stars
will be used In the service flag to fly
over Sportsman's Park, the home of
the St. Louis American League club,
next season. Three members of the
club Outfielders Sloan and Jacob
son and Fincher and two members
of the office staff are In the Nation s
NO DANCING TILL AFTER WAR
Governor and Mrs. Gardner Give Up
Fun-Call Off Military Ball.
Governor and Mrs. Frederick D.
Gardner have announced that danc
ing at the Executive Mansion In Jef
ferson City will be suspended until
. .i . Tk Vpw Years mili-
tary ball, one of the largest socia
affairs of the state, has been called
off for the first time since the Clvi
War. It is probable that it was not
siiMpended even then.
Governor and Mrs. Gardner both
believe that this is not a season for
merriment: they say that frivolities
should be abandoned and the money
devoted to the necessities of the war.
No Christmas for County Collector
Work on Christmas and the Sunday
before the holiday will be the lot of
J. R. Jordan, coynty collector, and his
assistant this year. By next week
$10,000 a day taxes will be coming In.
Mr. Jordan feels that he cannot afford
to let It pile up. He is the only
county official that will toe in the
Courthouse Christmas Day.
Few Women of Today
Used to be that daughters adhered
strictly to mothers' methods of home manage
merit. They used certain baking recipes simply because they
were favorites of former generations.
Times have changed radically. Col
leges and clubs have been established for the
express purpose of determining just which baking method
and baking materials are best.
Many domestic scientists devote their
lives to research and experimental work. They
are constantly testing food products. They conduct exhaus
tive comparative tests. They accept and endorse only such
methods and baking processes as have been found superior
through scientific measurement of merit. These decisions
are given wide publicity. The result is that the housewife of
today produces more wholesome and perfect bakings at less
cost than ever before.
I have conducted many experiments
and have investigated experiments conducted by
scores of other domestic scientists. My own work and the
decisions handed down by Other pure food specialists and
domestic scientists bring out the evidence that the over
whelming majority employ and advocate the use of one special
brand of baking powder which proves once more the old
saying that "there is only one test.
I know that this baking powder has
won its popularity among experts on merit
alone. Because I know that they show no partiality. To ob
tain their approval a product must possess superiority. And
that superiority must cover every phase of baking powder
quality of material and action. It must be absolutely sure in
results never fail. It must be perfectly pure leave no harm
ful residue in the foods. It must produce the best grade of
bakings cakes, biscuits, etc, that are light, tender and tasty.
Finally it must be a baking powder that is economical in
both cost and use.
Calumet Baking Powder is the one
baking powder that has won the verdict of
superiority and the hearty endorsement of expert domestic
scientists who like myself have proved Calumet's super
excellence beyond dispute. This superiority sanctioned as it
is by eminent domestic science authorities certainly clearly in
dicates that Calumet Bves the housewife the greatest of
Baking Powder value.
Mr. and Mrs. R. S. Jacobs, parents
The "Original" Christmas
Cold rain; winds, and dampness
b,rin out the rheumatic aches An
application of Sloan's Liniment will
soon have the blood circulating and
the pain will disappear. For neu
ralgia, lame back, stiff neck, sprains,
strains, and all muscle soreness,
Sloan's Liniment can't be beat. No nibbing;
it quickly penetrate! and doea itsjrork with
out atain or cloaking of tbfDore. Better
than plaster or ointment. For cold feet or
bands try an application of Sloan's Liniment.
Generous sued bottles, at all dusgista.
25c JOc $1.00.
r mm -s&ssj
t. 1X. "N.
V lJ book
V C Itl J!
It costs nothing to join and is the one sure way to
have money. You can begin with 10 cents, 5 cents.
2 cents or 1 cent, and increase your deposit the same
amount each week.
In 50 weeks:
10-cent club pays $127.50
5-cent club pays 63.75
2-cent club pays 25.50
1-cent club pays 12.75
Or you can begin with the largest amount and de
crease your payments each week. .
You can deposit 50 cents, $1.00 or $5.00 or more
Come in and ask about it
WE LEAD OTHERS FOLLOW
Exchange National Bank
SnwiTra rifflrrrarri iTimrrn nri iirrnn n n ti n 1 1 ma iwiiuii mrara m m mm trim nrnm ittii ii in tiTnTiHfrifHwnifi,r
For Christinas Buyers
You will find little gift suggestions here that will
1 just suit your fancy as a remembrance to some relative
i or friend.
Everything to deck your package in holiday attire.
The daintiest of engraved cards, with just the sen-
timent you may wish to express.
FINE LEATHER SKINS WITH MISSOURI SEALS
Gifts Always Appreciated by the University Student
Pillow Tops Pocket Books
NOTE-Mia Costello is already teeUknown to most oftheladxa of
eurcfaSheisofthe Domestic Science Branch of the Umvemty
(ShxTa graduate of Lewis Institute. Supervisor of Domestic
tiZP&CsZts! Special Lecturer on Domestic Arts and
Ecomtny. Special Lecturer to the Women's Clubs.
We sre publishing a series of her most important artidu.
Cases of all kinds
M Book Racks -
Copies of the great artists
Of the Columns and Campus Scenes
All the Poet Calendar
IMPORTED JAPANESE TOYS
4iK' A unique and pleasing gift for the .children
JoeJanousek 'sA rtShop
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