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THE EYESISG 3IISS0UBIAS, JfOSDAT, DECE3IBER 23, 1918. ABOUT THE MAN WHO MADE SELECTIVE DRAFT POSSIBLE (Tbe following character sketch of Ma Jor General Enoch II. Crowder, published In tbe Detroit,. News, will be of Interest In loiumnia wnere uenerai ironraer is re membered by many.) Perhaps no Army officer's name, ex cept Pershing's Is so widely known amongst Americans as that of MaJ. Gen. Enoch H. Crowder. This Is by no means due to the military achieve ments or personal qualities of Gen. Crowder, but Is entirely accounted for by the new relations which the war made necessary between the people of the United States and their mili tary organization. When the people, through their rep resentatives, elected to form them selves Into the Army of Democracy, some orderly method had to be de vised for registering, selecting and Inducting them into the service, and the man who prepared these paths and opened these dodrs was the Pro vost Marshal General of the United States. Ills office was, as It were, the gateway through which the civilian passed to military service. It was Gen. Crowder who appointed and directed the registration boards with their various medical and other assistants. It was he who arranged the intricate numbering system and supervised the making of the call for men. Ultimately, into 10,750,000 American homes the name Crowder came with the authority of the Unit ed States behind it; families by the thousand viewing it with a certain dread; young men by the thousands hailing it with the superb joy of ad venturous youth. It was In some senses a terrible responsibility to place on one indi vidual's name. To the short-sighted and antagonistic the thought that "this was Crowder's doings." It Is no reflection on the loyalty of the more domestic members of American families, those who believe their coun try right but dreaded the stern Issue of war as it might touchttheir families, to say that the signature, "Enoch H. Crowder, Provost Marshal General," stood out in an ominous light. That is to say, everyone knew the name; few knew the man. They saw his picture In the papers, he typified to them the power they had delegated to their civil and military leaders, but as to what manner of person he was and how he came to be assigned to the simply colossal task that was laid upon him, few knew. Indeed, few know now. It Is not the purpose of this article to describe the selective draft. We are too close to be able fully to real ize its historic import. Only by ex ercising an act of will and returning ourselves to the state of mind which all the associations of the word "con script" awakened in us five year ago, can we even dimly realize the tre mendous decision the American peo ple made when they consented to the war and the draft. The draft was implied in any war undertaken under modern conditions. It was not the act of the Government going out and taking citizens by force; it was the act of citizens them selves, choosing and sending men for the common defense; and in the fair est way, and most business-like way, instituting a rule of universal service from which neither wealth nor social position, influence nor any purely per sonal excuse could exempt a man. Fairest War to Kalse an Army. In Civil War times the ability to raise a few hundred dollars exempted a man from military service. But we have lived to see millionaires sleep ing on iron cots, day laborers their bunkies; we have lived to see social favorites on the drill fields, dock walloDers their next in line: we have came lived to see the mechanic's son com manding the stateman's son in the ranks the fairest, most successful, mast democratic mode of raising an army ever adopted. Only a democracy could have done it. The draft, be it said, proved our democracy by an acid test. But did you ever speculate on the The Alen's Store Where Ladies Enjoy Shopping 111 SILK SHIRTS I of S. & B. Originality Make Most Practical and Useful Gifts $4 to $8 New Styles arc Slwwi HERE FIRST I miimimimimiimmiimmiimmimiiimiinmmmiiimmmiiimmiiiimiiiiiiiL nillllllllllllliSiI -Tnau i 1 pi 1 IBM ' "- 4 I rPiP1 chances the draft had of falling?" No matter how perfectly It had been de vised, It assuredly would have failed if the people had not wanted It. But wanting it as they did, willingly abid ing by its method, the draft still had 1,000 chances to fall because of the vastness of the work and the vaster inexperience of America in such mat ters. Odium or credit? which was it to be for this name "Crowder" that had become so ubiquitous in the land? Be" sure that one man was keenly alive to all the possibilities, and he was the man who tore that name. Who Is This Creator of Armies? Who is he? How did he know just what to do? Where did he learn the intricacies of the selective draft? By intricacies I mean, of course, the problems which he met; the opera tion of the draft Itself, like all great things, is simple. And that is the story. When you know It you will be grateful that there was a Crowder in the country at the nick of time. It ought to be obvious to you, how ever, that Gen. Crowder's knowledge was not assembled in a night. And ye It must be equally obvious that there has never been in the term q his military experience a draft on which he could practice. Hu was 2 years old when the Civil War began. I am, not writing this story with Gen. Crowder's consent. He is a mod- est man. Congress wanted to make him a lieutenant-general a few weeks ago, in recognition of his work, but he refused; he said the greater part of the credit was due to the draft boards who worked with him. That was no grandstand play; it was char acteristic of the man. It would-be extremely difficult to gain his consent to a story about himself, and I did not press him so hard as to bring down a flat prohibi tion. I had my facts before I went to him. I only wanted to know wheth er I was misinformed. The story 1 put up to him was the barest skele ton of what appears here, with ever shred of purely personal matter stripped off. People who know him best supplied the Ilesh and blood of it. Maj-Gen. Crowder is aware, I think, or the delicacy of his relation tc American homes. He it is who stands, figuratively speaking, at the door of the home and says to the young man, "Your place Is ready now." The young man has been waiting with a good deal of eager excitement for his coming, but there are folks in the background who had never expected to live through that experience. Aside from his natural disinclina tion to publicity, I think this is the reason Gen. Crowder would much rather not be exploited in the public prints'. His name has stood at the doors of so many homes, his coming has meant so much in so many differ ent ways, that I think he feels that something like a sacred silence should be observed regarding it. He and the boys have gonu'out to gether from the doors of millions of homes; if praise is to be bestowed he would rather have it go to the boys. He was a soldier doing the duty the people had laid on him; they wen; young civilians changing their lives for their country's sake I am sure he would have the public think of them, and of himself not at all. This would be affectation in some men; it Is Gen. Crowder's nature. He is a human sort of a man. He wishes to be courteous to everybody and he t'sually succeeds, though often against odds. And so far from being an ogre invading the homes and lives of Americans, he has lived through 10.- 000.000 men's experiences, and the sensitive surface of his heart has not been worn hard. I thoroughly be lieve that. self racing horses and playing cards Destiny Knocks at the Door. At any rate, while stationed at Standing Rock, North Dakota, he found an old, dust-covered, time stained Government publication one of those numerous books the Govern ment prints and few people read which contained perhaps the driest reading In the world, from tho stand point of a young officer on the frontier. It was a report of the Provost Mar shal, who held that rank during the Civil War. In it he had written the devices he had tried in the drafts of those times, wherein they had suc ceeded and wherein they had failed, and being an enthusiast in that re mote field, he had added a study of the draft systems of the world. This book fascinated the young offi cer, ins mi tin uooKeu useu 10 uie subject. He lived with the book, slept with it. and digested every morsel of its information. Of course It was ofj no "practical use" to him. The wag was over; tlje volunteer system wai what our people swore by; all talk of drafts was ancient history. Nevertheless, with only a student's interest In the subpect, and with a peculiarly sympathetic insight into the old dead-and-gone Provost Mar shal's difficulties, which had been so laboriously written out and so uncere moniously tossed into . the rubbish 1 corners of a hundred army posts. young Crowder could not rid his mind of the matter. He has that book yet. There may bo a copy of it in the Congressional! Library. There may be a few lying lost in undisturbed garrets through out the country. But at least one copy is valued, and that Is Gen. Crowder's. He never lets It get be yond his reach; perhaps it would be more accurate to say that he nev er lets It get within anybody else's reach. Kight .Man In Nick of Time. That was years ago. When the war -ame, when it became imperative to mobilize the largest army of the mosl carefully selected material in , the shortest period of time, who was there to do it? Only one post In the mny had such a task amongst its stated duties, and that was the Provost Marshal's post. And it so happened that the young officer who had made the mobilization of civilians his spec-. ialty was "he very man who had come through stage after stage from a lieutenant of cavalrv, through judge advocate of the army, through Socre tary of State and Justice for Cuba to the office of Provost Marshal General of the United States. The discovery of the man who knew most about such affairs and his appointment to his ' present post were almost coincident, and with both came the imperative need of the country. j, Now, that may not he Destiny. Gen. Crowder and I, without doubt, dis agree on that point.. But if there is any other adequate "name for it, it has failed thus far to suggest itself. At least one man is going to continue to believe that decades ago the Des tiny that has always sent fit servants to the Republic, made in obscurity and in seeming aimlcssncss the choice of a man and a task, and that of this man it may be truthfully said today, "To this end was he born, and for this cause came he into the world." It explains, as nn nthc .l, the superb success and Justin .. .., , mc acictuve araft tem or the United States. iiiiiiiiiiimmmiiiiiimiimiiiiiiiiimiiim iiiiiiiiii inmiiirniiiiinu Open Evenings Until Christmas L0Mffiar1IiMnfl& 'Everybody's Store' iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii .S? ICE CREAM maamBanti jgz&LJSrivvi i iSrj K7ji)Sw!wiW V fc' M Mi mu - i l II MM rf U ! i CLASSIFIED ADS. nail a Cent a Word a Day We Always Have Chocolate and Va?iilla Flavors Half of the pleasure of this event is the delight of the youngsters as they jrolic around the Christmas tree. The other half is in the Candies, Pop-corn, Fniits and WAGNER' SICE CREAM. Wagner's will round out the evening's enjoyment. Order now for Christmas Eve. TAVERN DRUG STORE Phone 419 FOR BEST FOIJ HUNT FuniiiliiMl bt-pln;r room -and kitchenette near ClirUtl.in I'ollece IIIsli nliil .li'ITTs(iii m-IkmiN. riione llsl tirceu. r-ini THE BOY IN HIS TEENS- GIVE HIM A BANK BOOK Suggest to him, br concrete example, what to do with the dimes and quarters that he is beginning to earn. You no doubt wish him to be a hustling young man of affairs, self-reliant and prepared for the future. Successful men are thus developed. They do not step into positions of trust and responsibility. They are trained today, while in knee-breeches for places of responsibility in Tomorrow's World. The gift of a bank book, with an initial deposit as a nucleus, this Christmas 1918 will point the way of a life-time. BOONE COUNTY TRUST COMPANY W. A. BRIGHT, Pres. S. C. HUNT, Vice-Pres. E. P. ALEX BRADFORD, JR., Vice-Pres. S. F. CONLEY, Sec'y. RUETHER, Treas. How Did He Do HI But how was he able to organize a draft a thing that had never been done before? How did it happen that at the precise moment of time the man who could do the job was there, in the War Department, ready to do it? An enemy might answer: "Why, the United States Government was preparing for this all the time. All it had to do was to go to a pigeon hole and take out the plans." Such an answer would not be true. It is true, however, that one officer hap pened to know how to proceed. We are going to believe in destiny after the war just as we now look back and believe that Lincoln was a man of destiny, and just as we all believe that a Higher Power has con trol of the destinies of the Republic. And I have thought that Enoch H. Crowder is a man of destiny, prepar ing through long and arduous and ob scure years, and appearing after- 3G years of fairly commonplace military life in the precise position to do the precise work the nation in its emer gency called for. I have reason to believe that Gen. Crowder would not indorse this view of himself as a man of destiny. It doesn't appeal to him at all. But let me tell the story, that the reader may draw his own conclusion. Thirty-seven years ago, Enoch Her bert Crowder, a Missouri yonth, grad uated from West Point at the age of 22. Five years later he took his law degree at the University of Mis souri. His military life began, as most young officers did, on the plains of me west, iney say ne was not a .uuuoi. .d, uuu uu uvea uui illljieur lO be robust even now. Perhaps it was that, but more, likely it was his cast ot mind, that led him to enter unonl I'Oi: l:i:.T I.Iirht nmm house at HIT, Iithro road In Weotiuount. Furnished or uiifuriiMicd. available Immediately Tliune 1171 White. C ir.'tf FOIt KHXT Unfurnished or partly fiirnWlieil airirtmiMits nt two, three or fle rouiiM anil hull. Apply 1UK l'a'inln. phone 1H:: Orwii. II IKHT ( FOIt KENT Fnrnlsheil rooms, with or without board. I'bone 1H3 White. H-3ttf FOR SALE FOH SAI.K-- l'latiV. (Hirer typewriter, new xhot etui, Movei anil other household SooiN. verv reasonable. Le.ivliic town. I fail at im I.oeut. I'-OC TEACHERS WASTED We have remunerative positions for available teachers. Write for registration blank. No advance fee. Central Educa tional nure.111. Metropolitan Dldg., St. Louis, Mo. W. J. Hawkins, Msr. Sat.-Mon. June 19 EVERYTHING FOR YOUR CHRISTMAS DINNER AT HETZLERS MARKET "Where Quality & Sanitation Reign Supreme" la studious existence at his lonely U3 IJ3J I LH 1 1 J j 1 1 1 1 1 1 n l u i u 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 in IJ 1 1 1 IJ I ! 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