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THE EVENING MISSOURIAN
ELEVENTH YEAR COLUMBIA, MISSOURI, SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 28, 1919. NUMBER 256 : it r t I, I- GERMANY SIGNS TREATY; WORLD WAR AT AN END Ceremony Begins at 3:09 O'clock This Afternoon and Lasts Forty-One Minutes Foreign Min ister Mueller First to Sign "for Foe Chinese Delegates Refuse to Accept" Terms. WILSON SENDS A STATEMENT President Heads List of Allied Delegates Signing Historic Document Lloyd George Is Sec ond, Two Minutes Later South African Delegate Signs Under Protest. Br Culted Tress. VERSAILLES, June 28. The peace treaty has been signed. The German delegates placed their signatures on the document at 3 :12 o'clock this afternoon. President Wilson signed two minutes later, followed by Premier Lloyd George, who signed the treaty at 3 :17 o'clock. The German peace delegates arrived at 3 :08 o'clock, and the meet ing convened one minute later. Foreign Minister Mueller was the first delegate to sign for Ger many. . . By FRED S. FERGUSON (I'nlted Press Staff Correspondent) VERSAILLES, June 28. The greatest ,war in history was for mally ended today with the signing of the peace treaty. The ceremony took place in the historic palace at Versailles, pro ceeding with clocklike regularity. The German delegates, Foreign Minister .Mueller and Colonial Minister Bell, were ushered into the Hall of Mirrors at 3:0S o'clock this afternoon. Premier Clemcnceau immediately opened the meeting, assuring the Germans that the treaty text was identical with the one presented to them. Foreign Minister Mueller was the first to sign, placing his signa ture on the document at 3:12 o'clock. Bell followed him. President Wilson, the first of the Allied delegates to sign, wrote his name on the treaty at 3:14 o'clock. Premier Lloyd George signed two minutes later. The Chinese refused to sign. The Chinese delegates were not present. They were reported to have sent to Peking for instructions. General Smuts, representing South A'frica, signed under protest, issuing a statement setting forth his objections. The signing was by delegations as follows: Germans, Americans, British (including colonials), French, Italians, Japanese and smaller na tions. Premier Clemenceau declared the proceedings closed at 3 :50 o'clock, the entire ceremony lasting just forty-one minutes. "The conditions of peace are now an accomplished fact. The pro ceedings are closed," Clemenceau said. The Allied delegations remained seated when the Germans departed U 3 :52 o'clock. Thousands of Jets of water burst from the innumerable fountains in Paris when the signing of the peace treaty was announced. Several thousand civilians cheered the delegates as they were leaving the palace and showered, them with flow ers. Many of the spectators wept with emotion. Portions of the crowd broke through the barrier of the police and closed in on the delegates. Wilson tried to get back to the palace but WILSON SAYS TREATY IS TO BRING NEW ORDER By ROBERT J. BENDER (United I'res Staff Correspondent) WASHINGTON, June 2S. Germany today signed the peace treaty. Nearly five years after a proud and lustful monarch 'started out to con quer the world, but it was a beaten people who today fixed their signature to the Allies' bill of indemnity and guilt. When the word of signing was flash ed to America, the following procla mation by President Wilson was is sued at the White House: "My fellow countrymen: fcA New Order of Things." "The treaty of peace has been sign ed. If it is ratified and ffcted upon in full, the sincere execution of its terms will furnish the starter for a new order of things in the world "It is a severe treaty in the duties and penalties imposed upon Germany, but it is severe only because the war wrongs that have been done by Ger many are to be righted and repaired. "It imposes nothing that Germany .cannot do, and she can regain her rightful standing In the world by the prompt and honest, fulfillment of its terms. "And it is much more than a treaty with Germany. It liberates great peo ples who have never before been able to find a way to liberty. It ends once ami fnr nil nn old and intolerable or- rer of things under which a small group or semsn men coma use uic people of a great empire to serve their own ambitions for power and domina tion. "It associates the free governments of the world in a permanent league a which they pledge themselves to use was withheld by the crowd. The program was changed today so that the Germans could sign earlier than the original schedule. Doctor Mueller t. ered a special train to be ready to start for Berlin at 9 p. m. The question of Austrian repara tion has been completed and the re mainder of the Austrian treaty is ex pected to be presented to the Aus trian delegates at St. Germain Monday. their united powers to maintain peace by maintaining right and justice. It makes international law a reality, supported by imperative sanction. Right of Conquest Abolished. 'It does away with the right of con quest and reject political annexation, submitting a new order under which backward nations, peoples who have not yet a complete political conscious ness and peoples who are ready for Independence but are not yet quite prepared to dispense with protection and guidance of a stronger nation, shall no more be subjected to dom inating exploitation by stronger na tions. Instead they shall be put un der the free direction and afforded the helpful direction of governments un dertaking to be responsible to the opinion of mankind in the execution of their tasks" by accepting the direction of the League of Nations. "It reorganizes the Inalienable rights of nations, the rights of mi norities and the sanctity of religious beliefs and practices. It lays the bas is for conventions which shall free the commercial interests of the world from unjust and vexatious restrictions and forever put Into execution an in ternational co-operation to cleanse the life of the world and facilitate com mon action in beneficent activities of every kind. "It furnishes guarantees that have never been given or contemplated be fore for fair treatment of all who arc laboring at their dally tasks In the world. ThU is-the reason I have spok en of it as the great charter of a new order of affairs. There is ground for deep satisfaction, universal re-assurance and confident hope." THE WEATHER jr Columbia and Vicinity: Tartly dandy weather tonight and Sunday. Some wKit warmer Sunday. r'or Missouri: Partly cloudy weather tonight and Sunday. Somewhat warmer Sunday north and east portions. 7 a. m S a. m 9 a. m.. 10 a. m 64 11 a. m 71 frl 12 noon CS 1 p. m T3 C9 GERMANS MANT IN LEAGUE Foreign Minister Says That Treaty Will Be Carried Out. nj United Press. VERSAILLES, June 2S. Foreign Minister Mueller and Colonial Minis ter Bell, German signatories of the peace treaty, today made the follow ing exclusive statement to the United Press: "We are (signing without mental reservation. What we are signing will be carried out by the German people. We believe the Entente will in its own interest find it necessary tc change some of Uie terms, for they will see that the treaty is impossible of execution. "We believe the Entente will not insist, on the delivery of the former kaiser or any of the high officials. "Germany will make every effort to enter the League of Nations." TO Leaves Paris Tonight Make a Tour America. -Will of By United Press. WASHINGTON, June 28. President Wilson, will land at New York, and has agreed to a reception there, Secre tary Tumulty announced today. A per sonal rnessage from the president stat ed that he is leaving 'Paris at 9:30 o'clock tonight. He will sail from Brest tomorrow on the George Washington, Secretary Tumulty also announced. The plans for a tour of the nation will probably not be published until the president has had time to consult his advisors here and personally go over the details of the treaty. It is probable that he will leave Washing ton the week after his return to Amer ica. President Wilson's address on the peace treaty to congress will probably be delivered the day after he arrives in Washington, according to present plans. TOF Russia's Sacrifice Greatest in Lives Britain's in Money. By J. W. T. MASON (Written for the United Press.) The war, which has officially end ed, has cost the world 7,560,000 In lives, and $1S6.750,000,000 in money. The Allies have paid in death toll of 4,810,000 and 1120,500,000,000 for vic tory. The central powers have lost 2,750,000 in killed, and $66,250,000,000 in addition to the indemnity they must pay for their unsuccessful attempt to dominate the world. It .will cost the Allies six billion dollars annually to pay the interest on their war debts. Germany's in terest bill will be about two billion dollars yearly. The other central powers will probably repudiate their obligations, but if they don't, their yearly interest will approximate $1, 300,000,000.00. These annual charges will be in creased for the purpose of paying off part of the principle of the war debts. The present European generation from now onward will have to raise at least four to five times as much money by taxation as before the war, or see the old world go into bankrupt cy, with all bank accounts in dangei of confiscation. The following tables show how vic tor and vanquished have come through the war: Killed Wounded Germany 1,600,000 3,500,000 Austria 800,000 2,000,000 Turkey 250,000 400,000 Bulgaria 100,000 275,000 Total Central Powers 2,750,000 6,175,000 4,900,000 3.000.COO 2,100,000 930,000 250,000 250,000 210,000 200,000 11,860,000 Russia France British Empire . Italy Belgium Rumania United States Serbia Total Allies ... -1,700,000 1.400.000 900,000 460,000 100,000 . 100,000 - 75,000 - 75,000 410,000 Cost of the War. Germany Austria . Turkey Bulgaria Total Central Powers -$ 40,250.000,000 . 20,000,000,000 - 5,000,000,000 - 1,000,000,000 -$ 66,250.000,000 -$ 41,500,000,000 Great Britain France Russia 26,000,000,000 21.500,000,000 18.000,000,000 - S.500,010,900 - 5,000 000,000 $120,500,000,000 United States Italy Other Allies Total Allies . 5 T Death of Austrian Heir Basis for War That Ends This Afternoon. CITY IS DEMOBILIZED J-ood and Fuel Offices Closed Draft Board Is No More. Five years ago today Francis Fer dinand, an Austrian archduke, was as sassinated at Sarajevo, Bosnia, June 2S. 1914. The assassination took place while the archduke was making his first official visit to Sarajevo, the cap ital of Bosnia. The archduke's death was made the pretext for the great war that was ended today. Ferdinand was a nephew of the Emperor-King Francis Joseph and heir to the Hapsburg throne. Austria Hungary and Germany had placed high hopes on Archduke Ferdinand, and his assassination caused a bitter outburst of indignation in these coun tries. That a crisis was impending could clearly be seen. The tension grew, .ind on July 2S, 1914, Austria-Hungarj formally declared war against Serbia. Few in Columbia would have ever believed at that time that the murder of the archduke would have affected them as it did. Today, five years lat er, Columbia is gradually assuming its pre-war status. The demobiliza tion of the city is about complete. Conditions which prevailed during the period of the war have disappeared and a readjustment toward a pre-war basis has been established. The demobilization began when the collegiate and vocational sections of the SJV.T.C. were mustered out De pember 16. In May the men from old Company F, later a part of the Thirty-Fifth Division, returned, and in the last three weeks men from the Eighty Ninth Division have been coming home. The barracks that had been erected for the S.A.T.C. have been razed and the equipment used by the contingents here has been shipped to various mili tary camps. The Missouri branch of the United States Food Administration has been closed for some time. The Boone C6unty "draft board has sent its sup plies to Washington, as its work was completed shortly after the signing of the armistice. The posters advo cating the conservation of food have been torn down. The corner-lot war gardens are contributing a generous supply of weeds instead of food, as they did during the war. Though the demobilization of Co lumbia is about complete, there still remains ope grim reminder of the days of the war. High prices are still with us, and are likely to be for some time. DIFFICULTIES DELAYED PEACE Secretary linker Says Army Is C9 Per Cent Demobilized. Two hundred and twenty-nine days ago, November 11, 1918, the Germans laid down their arms. It was ex pected that peace terms would soon be presented to the defeated foe. After a few weeks, difficulties arose and it was said that final peace terms could not be signed before May 1. This time was much later than that expected by the public. Men in service thought that they would be back in civilian life by May 15. Up to date, according to Secretary of War Baker, the army is over 69 per cent demob ilized, a little more than two-thirds. The United States still has soldiers in France, lEngland, Germany, Si beria, Russia, Turkey, Italy and in the Balkans. PARCHMENT COST $3,000 Original Document With Signatures an Expenshe Work. PARIS, June 28. The original of the treaty of peace, which will be signed by all the plenipotentiaries, will be on Japan parchment, accord ing to l'Intrans'geant. It will cost $3,000 to prepare the document. ALL NAVY VESSELS SALUTE Daniels Orders Ships and Shore Sta tions to Fire. By United Press. WASHINGTON June 28. Upon the signing of the peace treaty Secretary of the Navy Daniels flashed an order to every American naval vessel and naval shore station for the firing of a twenty-one-gun salute. SATS SENATE. WILL RATIFY Hitchcock Predicts Vote of SO to 16 In Favor of Treaty. WASHINGTON, June 28. The peace treaty will be ratified by the Senate by a vote of 80 to 16, Senator Hitchcock, administration spokesman, predicted today. Of the eighty, forty six will be Democrats and thirty-four Republicans, he said. May HaTe Branch League. A meeting will be held the first part of next week to organize in Columbia a branch of the League to Enforce Peace. "INDEPENDENCE" DAT I WELL Some Ashland Men May Not Be So Independent After Fourth. The cause of Cupid is to have the unqualified support of the committee in charge of Ashland's Fourth of July celebration. And, while the Fourth is called Independence Day, it may be the last day of independence for many an Ashlander. Any soldier who desires to wed at the Ashland celebration will be pro vided with a license, a preacher and witnesses free. The committee has made no statement concerning the girl, so it may be that the blushing bride will also be furnished. The celebration will be a home-coming event In honor of the returned soldiers of the town and community. There will be a band concert, an old fashioned basket dinner and several addresses by prominent speakers. Among the speakers will be A. T. Dumm of Jefferson City, Frank I. Buckingham of Kansas City and .the Rev. G. W. Hatcher of Columbia, Athletic events will be the feature of the afternoon. T A BEST Business and Professional Women Meet for Organization. Business and professional women of Columbia met last night at the Gordon Hotel Building, to plan to or ganize. Through their organi zation they hope to obtain many com forts that they have not been able to get. The women in business need a comfortable rest room waere they may go during the noon hour to read and for refreshment. The courthouse is the only place that they can go to now and that Is unsatisfactory. The chairman. Miss Edith Hill, ap pointed a committee consisting of Misses Stella Hagan, Lola Hill and Ruth Douglas to reach all of the wom en who were not present In an address Miss Ella V. Dobbs said, "Organization is the keynote of the day. Each one of us can not do much alone but may accomplish many things by co-operation. It is for this reason tl.at we should try to organize a club for the business and profes sional women of Columbia. It is for improvemant as well as mutual pleas ure. Many of the larger towns and cities have clubs which have rest rooms and dining rooms. .These, cluba have regular meetings and are ad dressed by prominent speakers who tell of the work that women are do ing in other places. Some of these clubs sold many Liberty Bonds and Thrift Stamps during the war. There will be a state meeting of all the business and professional women's clubs July 14 at St. Louis and on July 15, 16 and 17 the national organization will hold its meeting. An effort will be made to bring Miss Jen nie Fisher of Kansas City, director oi the state organization, to Columbia as she returns from the state meeting. Another meeting will be held in the near future. WOULD SET ASIDE DEED Woman Sues Stepson to Regain Rights in Farm. Testimony was given today in Cir cut Court in the case of Mrs. Annie C. Wolf against John C. Wolf, ,her step son, to set aside a deed for rents and profits. Mrs. Wolf deeded her dower rights in an estate to John Wolf for the sum of $100. The estate consisted of a farm of about 130 acres, valued at between $10 and $20 an acre and property consisting of a home on this farm. Testimony given attempted to show that Mrs. Wolf did not know what she was doing at the time the deal was transacted. The divorce case of Mrs. Vlny Crockett, negro, against Will Crockett, negro, was heard in court this after noon. Non-support is charged. J. IV. PENN TO LEAVE CITY Busy Bee Will Jlove to Location on Ninth Street J. W. Penn, for the past twenty-one years proprietor of iPenn's Pharmacy in Columbia, will close his business Monday preparatory to leaving Co lumbia for another location. His fam ily will live here temporarily until he again settled, Mr. Pena said this morning. The building on Ninth street, occu pied by Penn's Pharmacy for the past six years, has been leased by the Busy Bee Confectionery. They will move there next week. TEXAS RATIFIES SUFFRAGE Senate Passed House Resolution Be fore Noon Today. By United Press. AU3TIN, Tex., June 2S. Ratifica tion of the federal suffrage amend ment was completed today when the senate passed the house resolution shortly before noon. Missionary Union to Hold! Banquet. The annual meeting of the Woman's Missionary Union of the Little Bonne Femme Association will be held at the Baptist Church in Sturgeon at 12 o'clock Tuesday. Dinner will be served at the church. All missionary societies are urged to send representaUves. T C0MPENSAT10NLAW Local Carpenters Meet to Discuss the Repeal of Act. GIVE BAD POINTS Petition With 500 Signers Is Being Circulated in Columbia. The local carpenters' union held a meeting last night in the hall over the Central Bank to protest against the Workmens' Compensation Law, which was passed at the last session of the Missouri Legislature. Some of the points in the Compen sation Law which are protested against are as follows: That a notice must be served on the board and also on each employer if a laborer wants to elect not to come under this law. The protest against this section of the law is that, for instance, in a city like St. Louis, where working men frequently change Jobs and where the work may be three or four miles from the employers' office, there Is no 'one to be found on the job to serve the notice on. Another section of" the law provides for no compensation where an em ploye has failed to obey the the rules laid down by the employer, but does not require the employer to make these rules known to the employe. The objection of the union to this Is that if an employe Is injured the employer or the insurance company who rep resents him can set up the defense that a rule was iolated and defeat compensation. Another section of the law exempts all farm and domestic servants and ail emplojes where there are less than five. Another section of the law, it is stated, limits the compensation to ac cidents which show objective symp tons. The objection to this, according to the union men, is that an employe can not recover for Internal Injuries, or for sprains or even a fractured rib; in fact, half of the employes who sus tain injuries would go without com pensation. The Union men considers this a trick of the insurance com panies. Petitions will be circulated through out the state to be signed by voters for the repeal of this law at the next general election. Hume ays of Columb'a has charge of this work In Boone County and so far has 500 signers to the petition. The petition must be signed before July 10 and returned to Maurice J Cassidy secretary of the St. Louis Building Trades Council. SPEAKER FAILS TO ARRIVE Audience of Thirty People Wanted to Hear ItritMi Statesman. Frederick Horner of the Devereux Players was to have spoken on Gold smith and Sheridan at 7:30 o'clock last night in the University Audi torium. At 8 o'clock Mr. Horner was among the missing. All thirty of the audi ence had become anxious. The seats were getting harder, an I the weather seemed warmer. MufTled conversa tions bod ceased. AnJ then came the speaker. But the speaker wasn't Mr. Horner, former member of the British Parliament. He was Leslie Cowan, secretary to the president ofhe University. "I regret to announce that Mr. Hor ner will not be with us this evening." said Mr. Cowan. "All we know Is that he didn't arrive in town." MARGARET HOCKER MARRIES Bridegroom. Harry C. Fair, a Lawyer From Tnlsa, Okla. The marriage cerpmony of Miss Mnriraret Hocker to Harry C. Fair wai performed by the Reverend Jesse H. Smith at the home of the bride's moth er. Mrs. G. C. Hocker, 601 Hitt street, at 11:30 o'clock this morning. Miss Hocker is a graduate of Howard-Payne College and of the Univer sity, and is a member of the Phi Mu sorority. Mr. Fair Js a graduate ot Central College at Fayette, Mo., and of the Washington University Law School. He is a member of the Kappa Alpha fraternity. He has been prac ticing law for the last few years in Tulsa, Okla. After a short visit In St. Louis, Mr. and Mrs. Fair will make their home in Tulsa. V. S. HURDLE CHANCES BRIGHT Simpson and Sjliester of M. I. Art Competing. PERSHING STADIUM. June 28. Trials of the 200 and 1,500 meter races and the 200-meter hurdles, broad jump and discus throw were on the program at the Allied races today. The 200-meter hurdles were looked upon as a walk-away for the United States with Simpson and Sylvester of the Missouri University competing. 3Ir. anJ 3lrs. H. GroTes HaTe Baby.. A, daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Howard Groves, who live on a farm near Stephens In Calloway County. Mrs. Groves is a former student In the University. tut. .