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The Evening Missourian. [volume] (Columbia, Mo.) 1917-1920, January 26, 1920, Image 1

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89066315/1920-01-26/ed-1/seq-1/

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Teachers' Association Starts
Movement to Save the
Low Salaries Cause Best
Grade Instructors to
Tbe citizens of Columbia and Boone
County will be asked soon to sign a
petition to be sent to the State Board
of Equalization, asking that board to
increase the valuation of property so
that the tax returns fill enable the
school authorities to raise teachers'
pay. This Is a part of the campaign
of the State Teachers' Association
whicjh will be conducted In every
county in the state.
"The School Situation in Missouri"
was the subject of a talk before the
day night by C. H. Williams, director
Faculty Club of the University Satur
of University Extension and chairman
of the committee on salaries of the
State Teachers' Association. The
meeting was attended by representa
tives of the Columbia School Board
teachers in the city schools and busi
ness men.
"Teachers' salaries were very low
in 1914." said Professor Williams.
"The tremendous advance in 'the cost
of. living makes them ridiculously
low at the present time so low ithat
large numbers of the best teachers
are rapidly leaving the profession for
other occupations and for other states
where better salaries are paid. Their
places are beeing filled with, little re
gard for qualifications in order to
keep the schools open. In many cas
es girls of 16 and 17 years are now
employed as teachers." (
Must Have Relief N'ow.
"There is no time to wait for a
new constitution or for the next meet
ing of the Legislature. The school
situation is nearing a crisis and the
only" hope of relief consists In secur
ing an increase in the evaluaUon of
property in Missouri by the State
Board of Equalization which meets
next month. Every man and woman
who believes in good schools should
sign the petitions which will be cir
culated throughout the state and
placed with the board."
Professor Williams' talk was' fol
lowed by a general discussion of-the
situation and of plans for Its relier.
Among others, William Hlrth, editor
of the Missouri Farmer, spoke of the
necessity.for immediate action and ex
pressed the belief that the farmers of
Missouri will stand squarely behind
the present movement for the better
ment of the schools.
State Schools Face Crisis.
Recent investigations of the school
situation In Missouri, carried on by
committees of the State Teachers' As
sociation, show that the schools of
Missouri are facing a crisis, and Uiat
a complete breakdown is likely to re
sult unless more adequate provisions
are made for their maintenance. The
salaries, particularly in the rural
schools, are so small that teachers
everywhere have been attracted into
ohter lines of work. In some places
salaries are still as low as ?25 a
month, and, in a majority of the one
hundred and fourteen counties of the
state, as low as ?40 a monlh is still
paid. Outside of St. Louis, Kansas
City and St. Joseph, the average sal
aries' paid to teachers of all classes
in Missouri, including high school
teachers, city superintendents and
principals, is only $533.59.
At the beginning of this year, many
schools were without teachers, and,
in order to open the schools, it was
necessary to grant twelve hundred
special certificates to teachers who
were unable to qualify regularly, and
more than 3,500 third grade certifi
cates were Issued, under very lenient
rating in order that the schools might
he supplied with any teacher, what
ever. ' State Lostag Good Teachers.
Missouri has been losing many of
her best teachers to other states. One
fourth of all the teachers trained by
the University and teachers' colleges
last year went to neighboring states
because better salaries are paid there.
Teachers going out of the state re
ceived an average of thirty-four per
cent more salary than those who re
mained in Missouri. Iowa now has
ah adequate minimum salary law and,
during the present month of January.
Sas has provided for a fifty per
cent raise in taxation for school pur
poses. Teachers must live for twelve
months and go to school during j the
8ummer on an eight months salary.
NoMeacher who fails to attend sum
mer school at least one year out of
two can keep abreast of the times.
The profession of teaching is not an
attractive one in Missouri at the pres
ent time.
Behibu race of H. C L.
According to the reports of the
United States Government and or
all other reliable authorities, the cast
of living has increased during the last
six years at least one hundred per
cent, but since 1914, a period of Ave
XHS weather
Far Columbia sad VltlnUr: Partly
cloudy to cloudy weather tenlfht and
Tuesday: somewhat wanner tonlgnt ana
colder Tneoday afternoon: H"et temper
ature tonlcbt SS or St.
For Mlssonrl: Partlr cIoikIt tonlcbt and
Tneodar. possibly becoming unsettled,
warmer east and south portions tonight ;
colder Tuesday west awl north portion.
Shippers' Forecast: Within a. radius' of
an miles oi uoiumuia tue lowest lemiwm
ture during the next 30 hours will 1
about 2S west; 20 north; 28 east, and 32
Weather Conditions. '
Tbe weather still is cold in all border
states, and east of tbe Mississippi Hirer
cenerallr. sooth to Charleston. South Caro
lina, where 4he temperature Is 30. Tbe
wwndier Is rapidly moderating In the
lower Missouri valley ana central nnino.
hut this will be temporary only. Zero
conditions are confined to North IVakota
Itontiui.i, and the adjacent Canadian pro
vinces. Except some unow tn tbe fur Northwest,
and rain In the Southeast States generally
fair weather has prevailed.
There will lie some surface tlinwlnc dur
ing the next 30 hours, with generally fair
wnitber niHi moderate temperatures, al
though on the turn to colder by or lie
fore Tuesday night.
Local Data.
The highest temperature In Columbia
restonlnv was 30: and the lowest last
night wns 22. Treclpltallon O.oo. A year
nan yesterday the highest temperature was
." and the lowest wns 27. Precipitation
O.OO. Sun rose today 7:21 a .m. Sun sets
r23 p. :n. Moon sets 11 HO p. m.
years, the average increase in the
amount paid to teachers of Missouri
has been onlv ten and a fraction- per
cent, according to carefully prepared
statistics compiled from the State
Superintendent's office by Dean C. A.
PhilliDS of the Warrensburg Teachers'
College. That prospective teachers
are coming to understand the situation
by the fact that although all the col
leges, of the 'state and country have
shown an increased enrollment during
the present year, the enrollment In
the teachers' colleges has fallen off
very materially.
Those interested in the matter say
unless something is done before the
next school year, many schools In
Missouri will be unable to open with
competent teachers and a much larger
number of our best teachers will have
gone into other states to teach or
into business. There Is only one pos
sible means of relief for the coming
year, they believe- That consists in
securing an increase in the evalua
tion of property in Missouri by the
State Board of .Equalisation which
meets late In February.
The people of Columbia will ask by
petitions or otherwise the Board, of
Equalization for an increase in the
evaluation of property in Missouri
.sufficient to put the. schools on. ji
sound basis: to pay more aaequaie
salaries to teachers, and to give to
the children of Missouri educational
opportunities equal in every way to
those afforded by other progressive
state. . ,
Persia Also Entered by
Russian Cavalry, Say
By United Tress.
.LONDON. Jan." 26. Russian soviet
cavalry has entered Persia and India",
according to a Bolshevist communique
received here today. The latest re
port at the British war office was that
the Bolshevist forces were 500 miles
from the Indian boundary.
A. Moscow communique stated' that
Admiral Kolchak had been made pris
oner, together with his ministers.
-I.. n. i
Sororitr Girls Hold Meeting to DIs
cuss the Subject.
The sorority women of the Univer
sity are going to try to bring about
an improvement In the style of danc
ing that has become prevalent nere.
The movement was .brouht up at a
meeting of about 250 sorority women
at a meeting in the Physics Building
last Friday afternoon whe"n the sub
ject of dancing was discussed by Miss
Eva Johnston, .adviser of women, and
a representative of each of the sorori-
A motion that all styles of dancing
which could be considered objection
able be eliminated, was adopted unan
imously. It was agreed that each girl
must assume a personal responsibil
ity in the enforcement of the rule,
and that the sororities as a whole
must lend co-operation in the move
ment. The 'co-operation of all fra
ternity men also will be enlisted.
Hart Saystln Seraoa Senator Judges
Hoover by Little Things.
Senator Reed's stand against the
candidacy St Herbert Hoover for
president, was condemned by Madison
A. Hart, pastor of the Christian
Church, in his sermon on "How Christ
Handled the Critic," last night He
said that the senator from Missouri
was looking only at the little things
that his opponent did and not fit the
big things.
StageoH Man Flies Salt for Dlrerce.
Dewey S. .Zumwalt of Sturgeoa filed
suit for divorce this afternoon against
his wife, Clara Zumwalt. He charges
that she was quarrelsome and neg
lectful, m the petition, Zumwalt asks
custody of the three children.
Soviet Ambassador Says Rus
sia Can Live Against
Explains Instructions to Sov
iets in Italy to Forego
(United Press SUIT Correspondent)
WASHINGTON, Jan? 26. Lenlae
has abandoned the idea of world revo
lution, Ludwig C. A. K. MarteM,
soviet ambassador to this country
told the foreign relations sub-committee
"There was a. time when Russia
thought the only way to bring about a
revolution was to have one in all
countries," Martens said. "The idea
has disappeared now because Russia
has Remonstrated she can live against
the whole world."
Russia, he said, was strong enough
tn stand against the whole world.
That Is the reason, he explained, why
Lenlne wrote to the soviet leader in
Italy, it was not necessary to stage a
revolution there now.
Russia cow has tentative control of
trade totaling $7,000,000, Martens said,
which will be executed when world
trade Is open.
Allies Will Continue Efforts
to Induce Holland to Give
Him Up.
dy United Tress.
PARIS, Jan. 26. The council of am
bassadors today decided to continue
their efforts to induce Holland to give
up the former kaiser for trial.
The council instructed the French
government to prepare a reply to Hol
land's note, taking the note up argu
ment by argument.
The council also decided, (pending
the ratification of the treaty of Ver
sailles by the United States, that the
presidency of the various plebiscite
commissions will be filled by the
French, instead' of the United States.
Germany's protest against the Polish
'boundaries was presented but 1io ac
tion was taken.
Columbians Go to St. Louis for State
Episcopal Meeting.
Dean J. iP. McBalne of the School of
Law, the Rev. J. H. George, E. A. Lo
gan. C. B. Rollins and Dr. W. G. Brown
left today for St. Louis where they
will be delegates to the eighty-first
annual convention of the Missouri
Diocese of the Episcopal Church,
which will begin tomorrow at Christ
Church Cathedral.
The convention will be open to the
public as well as to members of the
Episcopal Church. Prominent men
such as Bishop rmttle, and Coadjutor
Bishop F. F. Johnson will address the
meetings. Thursday evening the an-
nual meeting of the St. Louis Hos
pital Assoclatoin, of which all the
clergy are members, will be held. On
Friday the annual meeting of the
Women's Auxiliary will be held in
the cathedral.
Columbia Man May Ran for Judge of
Supreme Court.
The Republican committee of the
eighth congressional district, which
includes Boone County, has endorsed
North Todd Gentry of Columbia for
the nomination for judge of the
supreme court and Roy T. Davis of
Columbia as one of the delegates to
the national Republican convention.
The district convention will be held
in Jefferson City February 27.
fid P. Roach of Linn Creek has filed
his candidacy for the Republican nom
ination for Congress from thH dls
ttict and was endorsed by the com
mittee. To candidates for the Demo
cratic nomination In opposition to' W.
L. Nelson have been announced.
New Walk-Out of Coal Workers DueteJ
win to tna amies.
By United Tress.
PITTSBURG. Kan., Jan. 26. A
"protest strike" has begun in the Kan
sas coal fields as the first result of
passing tbe Industrial Court Bill by
the state legislature, according to
word received at the operators' bead
quarters. Four hundred men are idle.
Their daily production amounted to
1,500 tons.
C. 11. MUler to Address Ad Clafe,
C. B. Miller of the Miller Shoe Com
pany will be the speaker at the lunch
eon to be given at noon tomorrow
at the Columbia Catering Company
by Alpha Delta Sigma; honorary ad-i
vertlslng fraternity. Mr. Miller has
recently returned from Boston where
he attended the Retail Merchants'
ConvenUon. He will tell of the con
vention. Local business and adver
tising problems will also be discussed.
Products of the 'Philippines
WiLJ Be the Chief Attrac
tion Here.
Filipinos Expect to Correct
Wrong Impressions and
Interest Capital.
Water color sketches of Philippine
SCenea fin flnt COn.cViollo- norm.-
weights mounted with mother-of-pearl
cones; tans oi umerent designs and
coloring; napkin rings of'"nlto," rat
tan and bamboo; and swagger sticks
of ebony and other Philippine hard
woodthese and many other odd ar
ticles will be among the Philippine
souvenirs distributed at the Made-ln-the-Philippines
banquet in Columbia
May 7. )
But these will not be the chief at
traction of the banquet, for, in just
representation bf the natural re
sources of the Philippines, there will
be brought in Columbia exhibits of
products which have made the
Islands, under 20 vears of American
tutelege, a most prosperous country.
A Land of Many Fruits.
The Philippines hold the monoply of
the production of abaca, or the Manila
hemp In the world and ranks foremost
in the East in the production ot sugar
cane,, tobacco, copra and cocoanut oil.
Among the choicest trults of the trop
ics, the mango, mangosteen, banana
and pineapple grow there. Other trop
ical fruits of every variety ot. taste
and description which ripen aU the
vear round thrive as well in Philip
pine soil. Its fisheries are unexcelled
by any country In the East. Japanese
fish companies are In Philippine wa
ters to supply Japan fish markets.
Pearl and mother-of-pearls are ob
tained In the deep sea of Mindanao.
Ble sea-shells used in the Philippines
for window panes are picked from
tbe shores ot the larger Islands. Phil
ippine forests are still for the most
part unexploited. Philippine fine and
hard woods are exported to the United
States for the manufacture of cabi
net bureaus and furniture.
Why the Banquet Is Given.
The Filipinos look forward to the
Bfade-in-the-Philinnlnes banquet at
wntcrr garnering representative news
paper men from all parts of the coun
try will be present, to show the people
of the United States their wonderful
resources with a view to correcting
wrong impressions prevalent here re
garding the Philippines and interest
ing American capital In the Philip
pine trade.
The Manila Daily Bulletin, an Am
erican daily paper published in Ma
nila, says:
"The executive committee making
the arrangements for the Philippines'
participation in the Missouri Univer
sity 'Made-ln-the-Phlllpplnes' banquet
believes that In this banquet the coun
try has a great opportunity to correct
false Impressions Of the Islands held
In America. The committee has sent
the following letter to the directors of
several bureaus: ,
" 'We have seen too many instances
of articles on the Philippines misrep
resenting the actual situation here.
Naturally our government and people
resent any such mlsrepresentaUons,
thmicrh it is admitted that in the ma
jority of cases Ignorance of conditions
in the Philippines rather tnan naa in
tention is the explanation.
Bavqnet of Educational Value.
'"Next year the Philippines will
have a wonderful opportunity to pre
sent, Philippine facts to a group ot
men whose business it Is to circulate
information and who are admitted to
be th most Dowerful instruments for
mnniriini nnhlic oDtnlon. I refer to
the journalists who will attend the
'Made-In-the-Philippines' Danquei in
Missouri. They represent the leading
periodicals ot the United States and
are the pick of the men ot their pro
fMinn The notential value therefore
to the Philippines of convincing these
men ot our capacity by actual ngures
as to our educational and economic
progress is beyond calculation.
" It is believed that one of the most
effective ways to secure their sympa
r onri Intelligent support of the
work we are doing here Is to educate
them properly about things rnuip
i ixr.a iti nreomDlish this to a
certain extent by supplying them with
Information regarding the rniuppines
In .a concise and easily accessible
To Issae Special PabllcatloB.
Vmir hnrean has an official or-
mn if Din number scheduled to ap
pear about February next year coulld
be dedicated to the 'Made-in-tne-rnn-iDnlnea'
narticlDatlon in Missouri and
be prepared as a summary of the rec
ord, present activities ana iuiure
plans of your office, it would serve,
rinnhtims as a most valuable publica
tion such as any journalist would like
to keep handy for his work.
"'May I not request, therefore, on
behalf of the executive committee la
charge of making, arrangements for
the Made-ln-the-PhIlippines' partici
pation in Missouri next year that you
authorize and direct the publication or
a special number of your periodical
for the use ot the cdmmlttee as Indi
cated above. At least 600 copies will
be needed.'"
Twenty-Four Sheriffs and 600 Depa
lies Guard Against Trouble.
7 United Press.
MONTESANO, WUsh., Jan. 26.
The trial of the eleven alleged I. W.
W's. arrested during the disturbances
in Centralia, Wash., was before Su
perior Judge John Wilson today.
John Pancouvier asked for a change
of venue, stating that the people in
Gray's Harbor County were aroused
by a circular prepared by the Cham
ber of Commerce of Centralia and a
fair trial could not be held there.
Elaborate preparations have been
made to prevent trouble during the
trial. Twenty-four sheriffs patrolled
the streets all day. Sheriff Barton an
nounced he had deputised 500 mem
bers of the American Legion.
Government Would Not
"Satisfy Rhode Island of
Prohibition Amendment.
Bj United Press.
WASHINGTON', Jan. 26. The gov
ernment In the Supreme Court today
moved to dismiss the Rhode Island ap
peal attacking the validity of the con
stitutional prohibition. Argument on
this is expected to determine whether
constitutional prohibition will stand.
Solicitor-General King stated the
motion could not be argued until
March because the Rhode Island attor
neys are not ready. A recess of the
court in February will delay the ar
gument during that time. The dec!
sion is not expected, before April.
The court agreed to advance the ap
peal from the Ohio courts as to wheth
er the state, by referendum, can over
ride the action of the state legislature
in the case of the constitutional
amendment. '
Class Which He Has Taught for 31
Tears Gives HIa Send-off.
E. W. Stephens was accorded a
hearty send-off at the meeting of his
Sunday school class yesterday morn
ing before he left for a trip to" Jack
son, Miss., and other points Jn the
Moutn. Accompamea oy .Mrs. aiepn
ens, he will spend several weeks in
the states of Mississippi, Louisiana
and Florida before returning to Co
Mr. Stephens has been confined to
his home for seven weeks with a dis
located tarm and other infirmaties,
When it became known yesterday
morning that he could meet his class.
a special call was sent out to mem
bers and about 300 attended. Special
music was rendered and the class ex
tended to Mr. Stephens its best wish
es for his trip. He replied in a short
address. He has taught the class for
31 years.
City Enumerators' Last List Was Sent
Ib This Morning
What the population of Columbia is,
may soon be determined, as the last
list of the enumerators of the city
was. sent in this morning. The enu
merator of the Immediate surround
ic rural districts of Columbia Is also
through. The forty-five persons at
the County Infirmary yet remain to be
enumerated but will be listed this
The following persons took the cen
sus of Columbia: George W. Bur
roughs, T. iP. Quinn, S. O. Pancoast,
R. P. Bryan, Duskln Settles, Miss
Ethel McQultty and Mrs. Hannah Mc
Claln. No trouble was reported in Colum
bia by the enumerators, lut two cases
In tbe rural districts gave tr uble.
One of. these 'told one enumerator to
wait until he was goo I and ready to
give the list and then took two hours
of the enumerator's time tn waiting
Another man abused the enumerator
severely and shut his door. Tbe man
will be given another chance and if he
then refuses the information he will
be turned over to government authori
Phelps. Comfy Legislator Wffl Seek
Office by Backing Wilson.
The Treaty of Peace and the League
or Nations as defined by President
Mllroniare the issues on which Frank
H. Farris of Pheljia County will seek
the. Democratic mmlnatlon for gov
erntr. Mr. FarrU, a member of the
Stale Legislature, filed his declara
tion of candldacr with John L. Sulli
van secretary ol stale, late Saturday.
Teachers Have laffaema.
rir. Tsfdor Loeb. daen of the School
nt Rnslnms and Public Administra
tion, and Prof. H. G. Brown, and Prof.
DR Scott ot the same school were un
able to meet- their classes today be
cause they were JU with Influenza.
Prof. M. F. Miller and Dr. W. C. Eth
eridge, both or the College of Agricul
ture, have the Influenza. Mrs. & IL
Hughes, wife of Professor Hughes of
the animal husbandry department,
also has It,
Senator Refuses to Resume
Conferences If Reserva
tions Are Changed.
Senate Continues Martens
Hearing Kenyon Bill to
Be Voted On Today.
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
WASHINGTON. Jan. 26. Senator
Lodge, Republican leader, today re-
rusea to resume the bi-partisan treaty
conferences, except on the definite un
derstanding that there will be no
.change on his reservations on Article
X and the Monroe Doctrine.
The Democratic conferees imme
diately went into executive session to
decide on tnelr answer to Lodge's
Lodge's action Is believed to have
made certain the impossibility of
reaching a compromise.
"The conference ud to the time Its
meetings were Interrupted," said Sen
ator irittcncock, "was reaching a ten
tative agreement on the nreamble and
practically all reservations except Ar-
flnlA V nA Ik. YrA.... Y i-ii- .
"" ""u me jiuurue liuctnne, ana
the agreement seemed almost accom
plished on Article X when the order
came for adjournment of the confer
Congress Faces Busy Week.
Oy United Press.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26. Congress
today faced one of the busiest weeks
in a long time, both on the Senate
and House floors and also in the com
In the Senate the Russian investi
gating committee was proceeding with
the hearings on Ludwig C. A. K. Mar
tens, soviet representative to the
United States.
The commerce committee was hear
ing western ship-builders on a perma
nent merchant marine bill. The mil
itary affairs committee was expected
to finish work on the army reorgani
zation bill. One navy subcommittee
was investigating the morals ot tbe
navy yard at Newport, R. L
The appropriations committee was
working on three appropriation bills
today. The f agricultural committee
hoped 'to finish work on legislation to
regulate packers.
The House and Senate conferees on
the railroad bill resumed work today.
The Senate subcommittee continued
an investigation qf the Federal Trade
The Senate will vote late today on
the Kenyon Americanization bill and
then take up the army and navy pay
Tbe House will continue work to
day on the departmental appropria
tion bllls.while scores of committees
proceeded in the preparation of more
.The rules committee ,is to go ,on
with the .work on the sedition legisla
300 Town People and ,100
Students 111 No Dan
gerous Cases Yet.
There are 300 cases of influenza., In
Iho rltv and nhnnt 100 cases IBOSC
the students of the University. . This
was brought out' this afternoon at. a
meetlne of the board of directors of
the Commercial Club and the physi
cians of the city.
Vn students have been admitted to
Parker Memorial Hospital within the
last twenty-four hours as the aospuai
is worked to full capacity. Physi
cians are being sent out to the varioas.
rooming houses, sororities ana ira
ternities and effortsare being made
to care for the students in that way.
The urgent need at present Is hospital,
space and an adequate supply of
'trained nurses.
Few of the cases are severe, accord
ing to the doctors who attended the
meeting. In several Instances where
a doctor was called to a rooming
house to treat a patient he found sev
eral others suffering with Influenza.
A committee was appointed to con
fer with the authorities of the Univer
sity, the business men of the towa,
ha rtnard of Health, and the City
Council, as'to the means aad the ad-
visibllity of procuriBg aee Duuoing
i.. vhieh aitennata hoanital facilities
could be Installed should as epidemic ,
leach such proportions as to warrant
such measures.
After this committee reports steps
will be taken to provide nurses and
Totes Anrsfriatta f MMH fr
Palate Health Service.
By United ITess.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 2S- The Sea-
ate today voted to a0proprkrte.IM9.eM. .
for tbe use ot the Fbmjc rieatw
Service la its flght against laflueasa.
jjjsafc .M'
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