Newspaper Page Text
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THE COLUMBIA EVENING MISSOURIAN, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 7. 1922
Modern Fiction Gains Attention
By Presenting Mental Clashes'
Few Writers Have Made Character Creations Nearly
All Play With Serious Ethical Problems
Feu of the popular characters pre
sented in recent hooks gain the atten
tii. ii uf tin- reading public through pure
romance, v hi lexeme or unwholcvme,
'tattling a Iventures or human bestial
il, treatc-l miglv. The happy rniling
llul i- nuile ui of a .touching climax
to a -weet. interesting or adventurous
live affair, with prrluii a few phil
o"p!iical statements on line and cur
rent problems no longer leaves the bulk
of til' readers satisfied. Neither do
sordid reali-m, the chronicles ct Iile in I
the underworld, or breathless adventures
bring the idd-tune interest. I
Hut intere-t, if one might judge by
the popularity of representative books,
now demand an clement ot surprise,
cnrali produced by an unu-ual plot,
situation or character, then a struggle
in a hectic environment, a clash be
tuet n uholcome and unwholesome
force.;, romantic figure triumphantl)
tnading lhn.ug'i the muck of illicit
ut- and crime. In all events the pre-
tent-day reader so ms to prefer plot
milium. and the author'-, philosophy
rather than a phasing and satisfactory
Few .haraclcrs are lovable, fen even
likable, and mo-t significant, few arc
so clear cut and definitely drawn as to
live in the nader's memory. Nearly all
play with the serious social and eth
ical problems of the age, many to fall,
and a few to ii-e fantastically triumph
ant, unreal and often ludicrous.
The lcnil.no of many writers is to
bring in what is material and immirak
and then attempt to expla"n how people
can nenrthcless live, love and lie .happy
or unhappy, the .1 m is onen a ton-
fu-.il iniprei..n I human life and int-
There are good liooks, aril a Tew out-
. i i..i.. .;., :., ..,
standing character-, hut writers in gen-
ii r i -. i.-1 . i..:.i -.n ;n
eral have found it hard to depict an in-
, .. , , ,-, - -,i, ,i, tt-f,
dividual who lan tit in with the saitt-
., ,..,, ,i ..
in iiHtn-s, the eontlict, the ilissen-
. ., , .'.; i .
ln.iis and the gemral spirit ol unrest
mot ern im , . "Joseph
I enry '"'''', ... ,, M
7 , , . , ,: tn Mr
rf the clearest cut, mo-t satiMVing cliar-
v, ... J i I...T.
net cm tif recent creation. Around turn
acitri u iricn i ..... t
i. throvwi the ineuiauie ci.k u. u,-
certaint and mrtt vwm ..- ..,
Waik lining i mora, .., -..u ...-
triune: but through the artful word
.. e i i : I .n
I-ainling of the author, Joseph Creer is
at certain times irtraieu, numan, ai
tractite and magnetic.
lie is called a "pirate without a
hip," a pirate preying on the heailj
laden barks of high finance. He is
gn.s-1) immoral; apparently unscrup
ulous in businc-s; his farewell to his
. , ... ,..: '. r.:...i. ..t,r.
i CIH..I, iMaii.1., - .- ,
,.m.:.-il imrnntrolhlile miss, who i-
friend-, generosity, optimi'm
faith in hi- stcrctary
ith in In- stcrciary.
In -Ecapc" (Seltzer), Jeffery E. Jcf-
fery creates Emily, a character imbued
v;ith the ambition of ecape from the
ennfinin" influences of a small town
and an unsympathetic mother and near
relatives She had wurhipied her
father and upon his death resolved to
fallow' out his advice on "the moral
value of revolt." The determined pains-
takin" manner in which she achieved her
luppinc-. through dream as a bride and
ia..il-r, through hard and at times dis-
inura-Sna work asra widow-, through
tuionale but roisIakTh love a -
worker and provider, and finally througti
nroviuerj anu munj --
liMness Micct- and ideal ! a
t 1 ...1...,. ,,1 reourcrlUl UU"inc-
.m.r,.eno.., ,-. " " . ..,,,
wenio-ilns makes -i""j -
i..ng to be remembered. Frankie and
rem., o.p.,,u .. - - ,
orld War. in JJ
Peace- 'Thomas Strr) J
nwrl. of the '"''"f'l"
f-ilures of capitalist e ""j,- .,
There i- niueli in the I
g...l, some nptopian retorm mia u
ihal -erm impracticable.
SI,..,..-, of coal- precludes any pros-
.... ?- l...rnn Kllirc 111.
ESJ SSH Ig'g
iVularly true :n Germanv, he :" "'
01 II. Jiff."----
lhe only solutions to the jmiblein ..In
adjustment: '"'"" aJiani
change, in treaties and their
of the book i- imlicaiF" "J
kind demands, m
feed the populatP11
like her father in disposition and tern- it is the Smith baby-and you hear the P.Iat.on ot IMp od.ck. lecture
erament, i, in the form of a vulgar mother's 'hush, hush,' falling into a S.en through the Cole Lectureship at
unhuman oath. He U a wife de-erter somnolent, crooning chant. Outside, a anderb.lt Univery suggests the cause
and times a drunkard, but back of motor-car starts into life with a grinding and theme of the book,
-ii i.:. r-..i .;r.e- lo.allv to hi and a whir and a sputter, and you set He takes up the evolution of the spirit
Tl .:il!Qlie la'ts but when the curtain talk-, one
British S?clMiSt Says Cap.UlSt,c he .um befnre utehinson.s toU
Imnerialism htops 1 rugis-. .m," .,....
.. 11 -i r.,,.1 rtrili-h socialist "" ... . ,. vnc nuniireti smy-nine readers me
II. iV lra,,d;.I?;'t1cWrc. The tolume, fa1ch conta.ns tli.rlcon M w numl)ei . , Wf, lilnl
lAw a Miliar iK-uiuMic icw n . Immorou essays about ?ew ., ...,,. ..,. i -.. . ' ....
... -. t..,- fiiiire Hie -""- Z" . ., . 1" ruiiiic i-iunir ja-i nisni. iii jimt
tlie rta.ement 'By . 1 e J t fc .. bock ,,. of intrre$t I0 Bon.
bv us ruilHari-ra and imperial m, o
talism has'oolve.1 n ' n-. ,;ons of a proces. which is difficult to
itcannw prdslucc the S 00.U wl '' , , , , technicali-
I it ir-iDi
w ti a luiniioif" -- r
Scammie, Rarly and the lofty Miss II
peris are incidental to the story, but
The author does not mince matters
in dealing with social customs love and
pasion. the worst anil the best, and lie
brings Emily ,io a happy and highly re
spected statu'-, an outstanding charactrr
of the new books.
"Where the Sun Swings North" (Put.
nam) by Han
larrett Willoughby, although
similar to that of "Joseph
"Escape" follows more
of a tjpe
Greer" and "Escape" folli
closely the popular tendency of authors.
Passion of-the lowest type, is there, the
nobleness of woman, after crucial
tests i there; but adventure, novel and
refreshing, replaces the popular econ
omic complications fount in the other
books. Honors among the characters
are evenly dhided. Neither Ellen, des
pite her heroic efforts to repulse the
passionate advances of the hated Kil
buck, nor Jean, despite her share in a
delightful romance and search for gold
and wealth on a strange island in the
Pacific, are more interesting than the
absorbing description and plot,
The HH) js interesting, exceptional!)
,u1 wr-en and informant, but the
ciarac.rs illustrate the inability or .lis-
inclination of most writers to build up
cl.aracler, n ,he face of conflicts in
standards for popularity and excellence. j
MAKE CAVE MEN
fe in an apartment house ha its '
it features if one may quote word-'
Iul, ., ,,,,. mcU f ,,ie cirnn;tl(.r in
-,5eKh;IZ2ar Court (enr. ,, & Gl.) I
Iiy llic author, -iineon Mrunskv, weu-i
i editor publisher and writer of.
Kn""n u"or( puuiisner aim iwuet
,. ... ,
., . .
1 he house, he says (meaning llel-
, r-.-.rr . i- I
shazzar Court), offers me an cilrjonli-
' . ir
nary sene of security; not for my -ell.
' i i i . i, .
but for those who btlong to me. It n a
comfort to 'ia4e 0Re's ''' 3n'' Ii-I-J-"
snugly lucked away in one's own par-
own urc little pageway, uliere
., ii i
an enemy would need Ariadne s guiuinj;
, . ' .. . . .
thread to find them. The cave man muM
satisfaclI(n n ,w
smed joung and lhdr
,iar; inacccSvib,e rock
To gain a further insight into New
YrL nnnrlment life, that is. in the b-t
., -t,. f ,rtm,r,i .,n- li.-i. I, Ml i
read more of Strunsk). The bonk will
ineutably provoke a laugh, while
through the cleier stjle and coloring it
will bring simultaneously a clear pic-lure
and smpathetic impression.
lou near a cnild s wan Dreak oui
yourself to follow its receding hum,
.. l.:l. I ..... -. .lmno -in.l tlien .i mnr.
I """-" --'' -- - -.
mur and then silence, but you are not
sure whether it is yet silence. As you
are still wondering there comes the end
of things, except that now and then you
stir to the clamor of the elevator bell,
ringirg indignantly for the boy who has
run the car up to the top tloor and gone
to sleep in the hall."
When Strunsky s rich humor philosn-
phy is directed toward Mie show the
result is jut as interesting and thought-
'Emmehne (the clever and impres-
surname imi.-i - iu...- ...... ..,
the pathetic little tigure on me pia.iorm,
.- F-.. .--..- - --,. - - , - .
iui mc auu -u-v- "-
r6 .,,. .-. on lhe train I)la,form
cliorus men 111 u-oi"") mu-... ..
-- - ..
and did a dog dance and sang, ""'
I .VfarV. OOn 1 lOIKl 10 some ai.-. Hum-
1 ;"" " . ei 1 1 : ,1,:.
M Can I COnCeiVC Jlia.csn:rtic umitg n-
."", .!.:. I. :. ;L; vM- j.
, soil o iiiiiip. .. ' tt,,e"-
... . .i
York life, re.at.ng to ne one .am,.,.
one of keen wit and homel, sub-tance.
The fluent, polished style adds an al-
traction that makes the reader w.-h
there were more of the esajs and gives
,,;, , ,;nge f resc,menl toward the
officOTf wl)0 K;th uphf, l,an,l
'announce the avenue of entertainment
rnlv F,Diains rr(Kes.s Which
is Difficult to Understand.
Comprehensiveness, simple phrasc-
ofc ,nd thoroughness charac.erire
& p.,,,., .pt0CK, fr.
. .. MM;il-.nV hismrv- and review
.us v- --, -
imjiaWIMTli 1 Lnu m mUM -
TO I.MPROVE YOUR ENGLISH
Hook by Hoizinger Explains Cor
rcct Business Usage.
'Fundamentals of Bu-ines English,"
(World Hook Oi.t by Marion Stone
Hoizinger it a small but pithy volume on
correct English, punctuation, business
correspondence and vocabulary. While
intended for ue in high- schools and
commercial school-, (he book offers val
liable information and s'udy for lhoe
outside of such institutions who wish to
improve their English for business pur
poses or general usage.
An interesting feature of the book is
l,c c,,Ji "7:?. of "ch c'ipt" ,n
!f- T!"' facilitates the study of Ja.e
cn,ran, ,n a ch" .am' aff"d.9 -" ref"
erence on jny particular subject.
r r-i r . n-v - i.
Eugene Gladstone O ,tdl, platuright,
iimtnclist unj tranter, is ereattnt; more
' . ; -
altinlinn and ihsctiss.on by his flays
. ,, , . .
,fc,- probably any other American
, . ,. , , , , ,-
dramatist. Helore he derated his en-
- ..... l
jlft. a'.tintion to play-uritwg m 1914, Ac
ir.tcred in tarivus lines of business in
,nc United States, Central and South
5Ctrral of his plays are founded on the
' . ...... r
experiences he sained m this adventure.
God and the World
Underneath all other problems which
the Chri-tian Gospel faces is the task of
choosing what her attitude shall be to-
ar'' '" - and pouerful force, the
' f I'rOKfs, which in ery realm
l! "makins mans thinking.
This statement by Harry Emerson
Fo-dick foi.nd in the preface to Chris-
. . j j.rorcss" (Reell), a com-
.. .' . .. T ....'.
of progress as it lias come up to the
Dreeiit eeneration. and then combines
, ., ... n -.
the modern idea with Christianity, on-
t pua-izing us need lor me gospel.
"Such has been public confidence in
t),e efficacy ami adequacy of this scien-
tifio control of life to meet all human
needs, that in multitudes of minds re-
Hgion has been crowded to tne wall," he
, says in defining the issue.
He sajs that stagnation, not change, is
Christianity's most iwwerful enemy. He
ou,in a ,,,., fr a progressive re-
-Coj poluIfui rnougi-to encompass
,,ur j,reat ,mlu5lrIa ,wirm 13 needed.
cucn a oii, uc sa)5, is our oniy iuijic
C.-l. - P-lfL. - t t.
ami in His name e vill set up our ban-
nlc i.(ik is written in a cleir, unai-
firJ fl5,e ,hat w;, ;.. a eJ,y .
. ,. II. .-
derstaniling and adequate appreciation
tut xr 1- I . - It
f Klffr'r J-dik analysis and solu-
jnmA f ,., , . a;n
. P(Ujj.c jw . revtJ A
s. M, ulL,linW!i , Ul,, "If Ti,
w TiU KrprIon). Thcse
Ijol according in Mis, Willi,, librar-
mi nos, ; .j
"Jurgcan James Branch Cal-ell.
"One of Oars" Willa .Gather.
"This Friedum" A. S. XI. Hutch
inson. Ta'es of the Jazz . Age" Scott
"The .Moon Out of Beach" Xlar
"Becon-truction of Religion" C
"Simon Called Peter" Robert
Mrs. Asquith Discusses America
Frankly But Not Brilliantly
If you, Mr. Common Man, or you,' journejings around the country and the
Mis Common Woman, had seen fit to speeches given, read her "Impressions.
put down your impressions of America There is this to be said fur them. She
as vou saw it for sixtv das ou might I truthfully tells uf the time ulien -he .
have written and written and gone the
rounds of all the publMiers prnhably lo
hae cs a regard fr our pains tore
feel and a limp, fingcrmark-d manu
script. But becauc Mr. A "-quit h i
Mr. Asquith that is the daring Mar
got of the mforgetable (unfortunately)
autobiography, her impressions are valu
able to the extent of hems book-bound
If vou -were amued b the sophi-trv f
.Mrs AMiuilh autobiograph), bliockeu for our trains for our metliod of enforc
at it frankness and naut-eated at i ing prohibition, for our American voire,
lack of good tate, jou vill probabU for our trains fr our newspapers c--wi-h
to read "My lmpreMun of Ameri-jpeciall our female reporters (gece
ca, (Ceoige II. Doran Companv). And and our train-. Mir like- our architrc
having done h, you will immediately ture, our regulation of street traffic, our
wih that vou had devoted jour tini" arrangement of flowerfhops our plumh
othcrwic. 'log and cur ttleplmnc service.
The bojk, despite bat its publi-hcrb A sterling example of the mifconcept
nroc'alm to the eontrarj, is neither pro cd title that has In-en placed upon the
vocative nor brilliant. It i frank but took can he obtained from her chapter
inasmuch as It coneenw nothing, it lias on "New Vrk Ideal Gl, which, for
nothing to be frank about. That it is 'one o inclined, i-hoild present admir
friendly is admi-sable, but that it i- able opjHirtunitv for rampaiisans and
s-picey is more than questionable. It's for the expression f real opinions Nev
most humonms remark U her reply to the en he! ess it contains but one small eight
reporter who asked if she knew all the ( lined jiaragraph on the ideal city the re-t
Itritl-h aristocracy and wa told. N, of the chajtter leing devoted to the quo
hut my maid does. You ma jiidze. tat ion of a letter from Governor Mien
The great fault in the Ix-k lies in the of Kansa-, a quoled article en the Irin-
tfact that Mri. Aqullh proint-ed to write cos Bibeseu's bMk, and a reply to a
her impressions of America before leav letter from tlw pilnecss .i Clarence Day,
'ing England, a'ld that having no impre Jr.
ions to record, she nevertheless felt it The Ixiok Is neither epigrammatic nor
Iter bounden duty tu v rite Miniething and analjtical. If it had lvn sophUticated.
h put dovn Iter experieni.es. Gn-e. uc mT!ht haie found an ecuv for it.
quentl. If you would enjoy reading a As it stand-, the mo-t attractive thing
monotonous recital of Mr-. A'-quith's , about it is lhe binding.
ECONOMIC l'ltOULEMS OF
TODAY AKE EXPLAINED
Official in Telephone Company
Traces Progress of Indus
The chief economic problems of thct
nre-ml aee are taken on with a clear-
ness and understanding uncommon to'
Jiioj writers, on these vital subjects in;
'"Some Protlcm'f'in Current Economics"
(Shaw) by XI. C Itort), president of the,
National Bureau of Economic bescarch
and an official in the American Tele-
phone and Telegraph Co.
The author's background of industrial
study, up-to-date statistics and graphs
clear definitions and folutioiu, and a
concise style make the volume readable
He sketches the development of Indus,
trial and economic problems from an
cient limes, and explains their modern
significance by a series of questions,
which he answers by facts and studies.
The relation of capital and labor,
rents, production and distribution,
wages and rents, interest and profit, and
a constructive program for the solution
of these and other problems are found
in the volume.
THEY DO NOT LIKE TO READ
French Women Said lo Be Avowed
Enemies of Books.
, A prominent French publisher ha
said that women of France constitute
,only 1 per cent of the bujers of books.
His statements and others of like vein
have come as result of the spirited com-
petition between men and women for
library jobs. .Most writers say that tne ( ustratcd, containing many lu-P3Ee
'French women are the avowed enemies illustrations of notable persons and
' of books. j buildings of' the period. It has also, as
In America, writers are unanimous in'an interesting feature, a reproduction of
according women high standing in Ac ,he official nup of lki-ton drawn in
1 '""" .
I nnr-r-tra innn (triinlltt liltt it IS true,
' " "ft". ' ;.."'' ".:' '; . .,
nnraimra, uui nmnuu ...s.., r
porfly Mturaled with business, are
nm'si With Ilip Religious Problems
of Present Day.
, ... -m ' ' . . i rtcultnre .fcxtension.
quoted as saying that there are 10,- To ,he rea(Icr who d;, knowledge' j f A j, j. of A
000 women readers of serial stone, lo'of Boston ,he ,,, an(, ., p.sr;cluUurilI Extension Service since its or-
-ilinna.1 ukiiii rnminlii' TT1.1.IPrnniiriir III Ii. 1 t. .. 1. .1 e.1 hie
dMike for love stories, but find pl-1 'o calX" ns d e7en, he W The. bo,,k will be 1 2 pages andwi.l
ure in detective stories and books of 0TU"u3h lcon,ain i-.-n half-tone engra-.ng.,
adventure, while the mademoiselle, find $7'J ' ., " "f b s.orv and bi-T i!lus,",n5 Je work wind, the .en-o
little pleasure in any kind of reading. It ' ' "TL kindtfe"!co " ,l.in t T M
1 1 ' ography, but a different kind-the kind ( lIie fI31r T,irty thousand copies will
SANDERS' BOOK AT LIBRARY lliat gives a clear picture of peoples life ,(, ;n(eJ anJ juribated.
lhe university Linrary nas nmui) - ts1:ij
received a copy r Frederic W. Sanders' Charles CersterIrS fi.ves Deta.led
last book, "A Reasonable Beligion." XIr. Analysis.
Sanders did a few wks ago at his ' Principles of Business (Prent, e
Lome in Hollywood. Cal. This last l,ook'Hall. by Cha.es jers.enber : ,n . I.
..( his according .0 critics is fit to serve,. Wnl and rev.-ed edition ,s a complrte
1 ..rr, 1.1 and enmnrchen-ive guide to uusiness
1 as a monument lo his fruitful and help- a"d compreiieu .
1 - ., ., 1 . principles and methods and to the olu-
Uu career, as teacher, minister, and au- v-'i" - '
I lion of business problems.
The book deals wi.h .he big problem' Mr. Cerslenberg. wh is Ir "J
that religion is called upon to.face to-.fnan.a- n New ,oA Un.ven 1 y show
day, and gives what he think, a pb.-"- "lat.on of the '" J "T'.-f c
. " . S other science, emphasizes the scientmc
ableeolu"l: : method and treats all factors entering
Rostand's Home to Be Auctioned, into business clearly and coraprehensive-
"Amaga," the palatial home of'Ed-"ly.
mond Rostand in the Pyrennes moun-1 The book contains 8V21 pages, or which
tains, is to be sold at auction, accord- J TOO are devoted to detailed analysis of
ing to the Boston Transcript. "The in-(business methods and problems. It i a
terior of Arnaga is a veritable art j bock which should be valuable to ev
museum." the story says. "Grace, pcrienced business men as well as to
fantasy and color on every liand." students.
i not as cordially receiieil as she had c-
peeled. Hut her imprc-sion. beinp
merely experience, ere uhliout depth, m The ivegro Vress in the United
though undoubtedly j-incere. She merely States" (Univemt of Chicago Press),
meets -o and eo find tliem gracious ' a new booL by Frederick. G. Detueiler.
smpathetic, understanding, and the like.i Excerpts from negro newspapers
Little that the saj in her book would showing the crude but sincere and de
have, been misled had it never been ex- termined efforts ihese nevspaper3 are
prewd. ' making to uplift the race, form an inter-
i It i simply a repetition of her dislike
ADVENTURES OF A HOY
JOUI'NAI.IST AISE TOLD
IIcrocs of the Kuins" Shows Urav-
ery of Children of France
Francis Roll-Wheeler is the author of
a series of books dealing with biih ad-
venture. The reader is taken around the
world with the boy journalists. In "He-
, roes of the lluins" (Doran) Andre, the
X'ole, becomes a journalist, but says, in
talking of his native iarm at Imon, .vty
journal is there, Xlon-icr, and I will be
its journalist. Rut I will write that story
with the plow!"
The reader is taken throueh France
afler jhe war has done its worst. He is
a, p;en a chance to see the work of
reconstruction in France. The book is not a literary masterpiece,
The book shows the heroism of the but one continues to read for he is in
children of France. It is worth every ' terested in big Peter and young Pat. The
voun-ter's time to read it, for he will
scc or(, cjearjy ,ian le otherwise could,
the effect of the war.
Book on Old Boston
As a history of St. Rotolph's Town,
"From the time of Dlackslone, the first
""'er' ,0 -'le outbreak of the Araeri-
can revolution," the complete and de -
tailed volume of .Mary and Caroline
Crawford, "Old Bo-Ion in Colonial
Days" (Page) lias the la.-tword to say
in regard to Bo-ton and New England
' during the prc-RevoIutionary period.
jne na is written in the smooth, but
5nzhilv verbose stvle characteristic of the
author, and is exceptionally well ii-
.tarcsquc city in the .ew worm """"S
i -... t 1 !.i .)a
co,on.,al. ,,mer' no "cs'r".u" "" " ..
knowledge ol colonial pontics
j;,. or ,,,, j, cur!ou, Co (Usl
BUSINESS OUIDE IS WRITTEN
l.v vivid and anuiutcil biography.
' : : t
- - VJ
BOOK IS OX NEGRO PRESS
Type of News, Advertising and Edi
Of what importance are the 500 ngro
newspapers and magazines in the United
States? How are they conducted? What
is the l)pe of new, advertising and edi
I These and other questions about the
(negro press are explained and annered
esting and educative part of the book.
'ONE OF OURS"
Villa Sibert Cather, magazine uriter,
editor end author ulio lias rncde many
contributions to American literature.
Much oj her uorl; has been done in the
ICesl, although her present home is in
A Boy's Father
l j.g faner .
Crew- Older" by Hcywood
(Putnam) is the story of the
Imv'a fs.liar !: ubII b nf .III. lu.v Ptr
,-eae ;5 a fport r;ter on ,le Bulletin,
je marr;e, a danccr 10 deserts him
' anJ ,hejr 2.eeks-old son. The son re-
' mains "him" until Peter finds the chi'il
,,;;. l,; riet evhrnw. a thinir which
,e I,iralf does to perfection. Then
'-him" becomes Peter Neale, the second.
child s Irish nurse lias changed youn;
Peter's name to Pal. Even when the
child is quite young, Kate teed- mm
meat two or three times a day except on
Friday. She tries to inculcate the tenets
of her religion into the mind and heart
of the boy.
The story is not a pretty one. Rroun
i,a, felt impelled to incorporate a little
the ugliness of lifeperhaps to make
't,e story more real.
young pat g0 to college, indulges in
fporls anj pleases his father, but the
.,;,,;,. ,ase ;n ,;, mother is in him
ajso anj Veec Neale goes back to his
newspaper work while his son goes with
,;5 mother to Europe lo study voice.
p,, i. ..-j . m,i f,il,,r mnre
,ian ,(,.,, a motier, too. .Maria has
failea in her duty and yet she reaps the
yanttt 0c trn(. motherhood afler all.
A. J. XIEYER WRITES BULLETIN
Profcssor fells of HU Work in Ag-
nUafion !n 1912, las wri
written a bulletin
called "Ten Years of Agri,
. .!. ; t:r!" liieh h-s recent
ly been sent lo the printers.
"What Prohibition Ibi.,Done to
America" ky Fabian Franklin (Har
courl, Brace & Co.) is a scalliing in
dictment of the EigUeenth Amend
ment. The author insists that the
amendment is re-ponsible for the in
crease in law-breaking and says that
it foter it.
Sudd'n wealth and its eTfect is the
theme of Ernest Poole's new novel.
".Millions." (Mac.Millan.) There is
nothing particularly new- almut the
plot nor the solving of the complica
tions. -Richard" by XIarguerite Bryan!
(Duffield) is a study of justice and
law. The novel deals interestingly
with an unusual theme.
l.i- .- '';
Western School of Writers is
Shaping American Literature
Something About These Books That Is Individual
They Voice The Spirit of a New Country.
The great rough West of red gulches
and gleaming tomahawks, celebrated by
Ilret llarte and sighed mer h New
Ycrk women at their afternoon tea
this breathless region has gien way in
fiction to an equally irile West of
steel and smokestacks." Writers are
beginning to realize the crowded possi.
hilities of the western locale.
Formerly an author born in 1'odunk
established himself in New York and
wrote braiely of llroadway, Sardinia or
the South Seas anything -omen hat de
tached from his own mundane training.
Today are 1'odunk writer immortalizes
1'odunk, dcrishcly or sympathetically;
netertheless, Podunk, een to its chain
drug store on the corner. .
The significant thing about the new
writers is that they Iiaie dared to run
away from New York and the Old
World and find their own cross-country
paths uf interest. The litterati discoer
that the Wet has a vitality as compelling
as that of the Kast, and as inherently
worth writing about. Th" 1'odunk
scattered throughout the Middle West
may liaic a jejune array of batiks, but
they hate enough writers to supply the
national lists of best sellers.
A new and distinct school of
Western writers is gaining strength not
only those who write of the West but
tho-e with Western training and s)m-
BAD BOOK IS WORSE
THAN WICKED MAN
The immense gulf that divides distin
guished writing and speech from vulgar
writing and ine,h is clearly empha
sized in "The Glory of English Prose
(Putnam) by Stephen Coleridge. Tht
author of this book of lessons in liter
ary appreciation is worthy to be counted
a descendant of Samuel Taylor Coleridge
and the tousin of ll.nry Nel-on Cole
iMge. The !eons are in letter form
urltten to Dottor Coleridge's grand-on
Anthony, who has "grown. to be a lioy in
lhe sixth form of his public schoolbut
they are so charmingly simple, so unmis
takably superior, as to hold a wide ap
In explaining what is Tine and whit is
coarse in pro-e, Coleridge's letters are
themselves masterpieces of letter writing
and good form. From the vast number
of English prose writers, the author se.
Iccts for comment only those who "reach
up to the lofty altitudes of the lcndy 1
peaks" of glorious prose. Excerpts from
these writers he uses to illustrate his,
"I am never going to quote to you any-i
thing that ih-es not -eem to me to rie to I
a level of merit well above proper prose," j
Coleridge tells his grandson. He then
adds "Let us, Anthony, salute these mas-,
ter across the centuries."
The literature he considers worthy toj
be thus classified is not tliat likely lo be '
chosen by popular conception. He se-
lects, first of all, the King James version
of the Bible. The writings of Mr Waller
Kaleiglk Hooker, Sir Tbomas Browne,
.Milton, John Bur) an, Edaiond Burke
and .Matthew- Arnold are among those
he offers as "nuggets of pure gold." Cole
ridge names only one American among
the group: Abraham Lincoln, whose I
writings and speecli, the author says,
were the results of the beating of Lin
coln's great heart.
One of the most interesting pliases of
the book is Coleridge's constant indirect
reference lo modern literature which he
eluraeterizesr for the most part as ridicu
lous and cheap. r
"Books of clever, flippant writers will
soon pas away and be forgotten as ut
terly as arethe fashion plates," he says.
He adds, "A bad hooVwill generally .lie
of itself, but there is something horribly
malignant alwut a .isktd book, as it
must always lie worse thao'a wicked man,
for a man can reent, but a booktm
not." Finally he brings the discussion to a
rloe, knowing that the fine gems of lit
erature will always dominate:
"My object, Anthony has been' to
arouse in your heart, if I can, a lore, ad-)
miration, and rcvcicncc for the wonders I
to be found in the treaure-housc of Eng- j
!ih prose literature." I
"Your loving old G. P.," he signs him-1
Cody Write) Loyalist Book.
Indians and desperadoes, in" -"The
King's Arrow" (Doran), I!. A. Cody's
latest book, provide haril-diips and ad
venture for a part) of Lnvali-ts in co
lonial limes and gives Dane Norwood, the
king's courier, ample opportunities for
developing a romance with Jean Sterling.
The intrepid soldier and dispatch bearer
performs many deeds of valor which, to
the critical reader, may seem a little
The book is characteristic of the Cody
books, whieh include "The Frontiers
man" and "The Ing Patrol," in that it
is crowded with startling dimaxes.
rathies. There i a something about
their work that has its own puekery
tang. They are voicing the new West,
with its spraddling interests and aim;
their voice is that of Podunk, rather
ni-tfull) claiming it place in the lil
erar) sun. An si!oIe'ent region has
The new school, of course, owes it
development to its own environment, for
the writer i "an outgrowth of the mo
ment and the place." Zona Gale writes
a he doe because of I.er earlier train
ing; so do Sinclair Lewis ard Floyd
Dell and ether leaders uf the school. An
Ea-tern training would have resulted in
an Eastern twist. An author is no long
er a deta. lied entity whose duty it is
to record life as viewed from his lolly
perspective; he recognizes hiin-elf as
others have learned lo, as tit creative ex
pression of hi own intimat. envir. n
ipent. The anr) of litrrary )ung I.ochinvar
coming out of Wel have praneins. vi.ile
rteeds. Their well-groomed energy is
the result of Wet.rn training. Mo-t
of lhe top-nolchers in fiction, Wtry and
lhe drama have known something be
hind an Ea-lern rearing. Sinclair
l.evis, Wilb Gather, Edna Fctlier, u
gulus Thoma. Fannie Hurst or BiiM-rt
Hunl.es, though their letlers may Iar a
New York postmark, are to a large- ex
tent influenced by a XIiiMIe-W-.erii
youth. Carl Sandhurg, tin- Chicago
poet, violates pnelic traditions king
-nough to write stingingl) of Chicago
streets and scene. Sara Teasdale, the
"American Sappho," has sient much of
her life in St. Loui-, and lias written
some of her purest lvries alxiut hec, na
tive city.. Booth Tarkington's tjiar.
acters are ponra)ed in Middle Western
'(calc. ""Alice Adams," the Pulitzer
prize novel for 1921, and the Pcnrod
..ories are placed in ordinary towns. th
kind you might find anywhere from Ohio
to Colorado. The newest realist, Sher
wood Anderson, has written a series
of Winesburg tales that for sheer human
interest and reali-tic arlil.) lur.lly
know an equal. Even Scolt FilgeraM,
the eminently Eastern agnostic, ehw
.Minnesota for his first novelislic ven
ture. In fiction, Floy! Dell is doing for
Chicago what Sandburg Ins already
achieved in verse a linglingly human
portrayal of its metropolitan exili.ce.
Eugene O'Neill uses in many ca-es a
very common Western locale.
The effete East no longer wonders
lx. redly what the West is all about, and
whether the Indians pictured in the ever
romantic movies are really as lmld a
they are painted. Western writers are
finding something more vivid than In
dians and gambling places lo write
about. Their West is the one of cities
and plains; factories and farms, ma
chines and arts the West of intimate
Times That Were
"lieading inaketh a full man."
The un-full. then, are alwa)s wilb u.
And with what are the full, filled?
Father and mother talk of the evenings
when they, a children, sat wilb their
parents around the old Move and their
fathers read aloud or each memlier of
lhe family had his own Imok. Grand
father tells of sitting on the Poor in
front of lhe fireplace and listening tit
his father read; and reading in those
da)s made rne full of the fear of Cod,
of love for all mankind and full of wis
dom. The fireplace of old das is gone, the
stove is gone and now when evening
comes father and mother are also gone.
The home is empty, literally so, without
motlier. Children will not stay liome
and read if father anil mother hare gone
to see the "most stupendous screen ere
Grandfather had tiro'books the Bible
and Pilgrim's Progress, and he knew
them intimately. His grandchild has
two hundred books and doe-n't know the
titles; it is unlikely that grandfather
would recognize any of them.
Grandfather read and re-read his two
volum-s until he became a self educat
ed, self-made man. His grandchild
can't read any book because it is im
practical while going thirty miles an
hour; and he will become a sex-educated,
Grandchild's chum and his sweetheart,
however, read rajny books. But what
are they- reading? A desire for making
safe bets leads us to wager that they are
not reading either the Bibb- or Bunyan's
work. Boys and girls, williout lhe waleh- ,
ful care of parents, will .at and read
much that is detrimental to their phy
sical and mental well-being.
"Reading maketh a full man" and lh
modern child reading the average mini.
ern book is full of nonsense and worse-than-nonsen-e.
"The average novel of
today" said an educator whose judgment
is sought by the reading public "is. pa
gan, non-moral and revolutionary."