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I THE PROFESSIONAL WORLD. $1.50 Per Year in Advance. COLUMBIA, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, FEB. 7, 1902. VOL. 1, NO. 14. SMITH BOSWELL KILLED. I Found Wednesday Morning jn His Room With His Throat Cut. Smith Boswell, a well known Col umbia negro, was found dead Wednesday morning in his room over the Implement store of N. D. Rob nett. There was a terrible gash cut in his throat, and he was lying in a pool of blood. Upon being notified, Coroner Par ker immediately impaneled a Jury and began an investigation. The Jury was composed of : A. J. Winn, K. L. Chandler, Geo. Klingbeil, K. L. Acton, C. M. Wheeler, and O. L. Tyson. After being in session near ly all day the jury returned the fol lowing verdict: "That Smith Hos well came to his death by his own razor in the hands of parties un known to the Jury." It Is the opinion of many that Boswell was murdered, although no motive can be found for the crime. There were two rooms which were used by Boswell. The west room in which there was a stove and kitchen furniture had a stream of blood which led from the south wall to near the door opening into the east room, where he was found. Near this door was a large pool of blood and in the edge of the pool was a blood-soaked pillow, while nearby lay a towel, on which It seemed bloody hands had been wiped. Fur ther out and a little west of this pil low lay the trousers which had been torn in removing them and blood on the inside of the bottom part. Bos well had seemingly reached the door and had fallen through into the east . room where he was found lying in another pool of blood, nearly across the center of the floor. A folding bed stood beside the door of this room and was down ready for occu pancy but no blood was upon it. On the door knob of this room was a k blood stain, as if it had been gripped '5ya JiloodjVjiajid. A stream of blood was found wher ever Boswell had been before this during his struggle after he was cut, but no blood was between this door and the body, though blood was upon the knob. The jamb of the door, opening be tween the two rooms was bloody and evidences of struggle were shown, but whether with another party could not be determined. In support of the murder theory aro the facts that no blood is on the floor near the door with a bloody door knob, while there Is blood ev " erywhere else. Also that it would seem impossible for a person with two gashes in his throat deep enough tc sever the jugular vein could be able to do the things which he would necessarily have to do to leave him self and the rooms in the condition they we "e ound, also the gashes, which were on the right side, if in flicted by his own hand, were contra ry to the ordinary way of handling the raior, since he was himself right handed. The arguments in favor of suicide were: The razor used belonging to him, the watch and jewelry which were found carefully wrapped and put away, his talk in regard to kill ing himself and his despondency and sickness. It was found that Boswell had been sick for several days, that he had been drunk and despondent for some time and had told his half brother, Eli White, that he would some day find him dead. The razor used was his own and was found lying on a table near the bed in the east room. If he had been killed by some one else, this person must have procured Boswell's razor in order to do the deed. ' Tired Evading Justice. The Kansas City papers last Sun day contained a letter written by Jas. Rollins Bingham, son of,the late Geo. C. Bingham, the great Missouri artist, confessing to certain forgeries , committed 11 years ago in Kansas I City. During these years Mr. Blng ham has eluded the law, but recent- I ly surrendered himself to the police 1 of Dallas, Texas, saying he was tired of evading justice. The forgeries were found to have been against his step-mother but she kdenied there having been forgeries IMr. Bingham's father died in Kan bas City in July, 1879. The police at Kansas City issued requisition . papers for the surren dered man, who will probably acoept gratefully whatever punishment is aeted out. IN COUNTY COURT. Warrants Allowed Road Set tlements Saloon Petitions Etc. County court, composed of Judge C. C. Turner, Judge W. S. Wilson and Judge S. N. Woods, convened Monday. The court allowed accounts as fol lows: E. C. Anderson $ 27.it0 A. 8. McCallister, road dam ages In l-f.1-12 S5.00 W. R. Sheafer for small pox practice 148.50 M. L. Lyle, bridge " 150.00 M. L. Lyle, bridge 1H5.00 M. L. Lyle, repairs 10.00 Wm. Nesterdirk, repairing bridge 165.00 Ed. Tyson, Janitor for Janu ary ... 85.00 F. C. Bradford, taking Ewell Bohanon to Reform School 9.50 F. C. Bradford, taking Dr. Moore to Insane Asylum 14.00 C. M. Goslin, bridge 6.00 John and George Crist, re pairing wind mill 22.50 J. C. Hall, balance on assess ment 177.75 A. J. McKenzie, bridge lum ber 16.55 Millard Rogers, feeding pris oners, January 67.00 W. C. Sutton, coal 50.33 L. W. Berry 6.25 Emmet Staley, Infirmary 3.25 J F. Richards, Infirmary 50.00 Carrie Richards, Infirmary ... 10.00 Russell Parmer, Infirmary 2.50 Lyman Parmer, Infirmary 12.50 Grace Filliott, Infirmary 5.00 A. J. Turner, Infirmary 47.50 W. B. Cauthorn, surveyor's fees 78.15 D. M. Hulen presented settlement as road commissioner in 50-11 for 1900. Court appointed for next year, 1902 as road commissoners in 50-11 D. M. Hulen, I). L. Owens, and T. Crissman. In 47-13. T. S. Riggs, John Sam uels and Edgar Roddy. J. V. Vanlandingham presented petition for new road in 48-12. T. J. Morris and others, by their attorney J. S. Banks presented a re monstrance to a petition filled by L O. CrocKer to keep a dram shop in lot number 81 in Columbia and the court after considering the same de cided that the court did not acquire jurisdiction of the said petition for the reason that it was not filed be fore the first day of the term where upon the petitioners asked to with draw the petition, and this was granted. Warrants were issued as follows: C. C. Turner, 2 days on bench $ 10.00 W. S. Wilson 2 days on bench 10.00 N. S. 2 days on bench 10.00 Court allowed J. C. Hall on account of assessment for 1901 and taxes for 1902 $1855.50 Taxes Paid by Boone Co. Banks. The banks In Boone county pay a good sized sum in taxes, being as sessed on about two-thirds of their capital stock, and undivided profits . The levy for county purposes is 30 cents on the $100 and state purposes 25 cents on the $100, or a total tax of 55 cents on the $100 valuation. Below is shown the names of banks, amounts paid on, and tax actually paid for 1901 : Name of Bank Asu'd val. Total tax Booue Co. Nat. Bank $87,500 oo $481 25 Exchange Nat. Bank 76.57 00 4" 02 Columbia Saving Bank.... 30,900 00 114 95 Bank of Centralia 38,600 00 157 30 Far. & Mer. B'kof Centralia 16,700 00 91 85 Citizeua Bank, Bturgeou..., 9,90000 54 45 P, & M. Bank, Sturgeon. ... 9,750 00 53 62 Rocheport Bank 17,900 00 98 34 Baas & Johmou B'k, Ashla'd 16,250 00 89 37 Hallsville Bank 7,150 00 39 33 Total (axel paid by banks 11,60145 That Mule Case. J. P. Qulnn, the Memphis mule man who was arrested for swindling mule feeders iu this and other coun ties, now claims that he will be able to explain the whole transaction satisfactorily and show that he has done no wrong. His brother, J. J. Qulnn, is also in trouble as a mem ber of the same gang of rascals. They claim that they themselves were victims of the same kind of a game, having sold stock and acccept ed a check for $9000 which proved to be worthless. This entanglement left them in an embarrassing situ ation, which they say will be fuily explained and settled. Whether this is a ruse to excite sympathy, or a true statement remains to be shown. Everything so far Indicates that the men engaged in these com- Ucatlons are a gang or swindlers. Hand Shot Off. Lewis Meyers, while hunting last Saturday, had his right hand shot off by the accidental discharge of a gun. Dr. J. E. Perry found it necessary to amputate the wounded parts above the wrist. Mrs. Jackson to Speak. The W. C. T. U. of this city in vited Mrs. Ida Joyce Jackson to read a paper on "The Mother's In fluence in the Home," and Mrs. Eli za Butler to sing a solo Friday after noon at the Christian church. Western Enterprise. George R. Smith College Notes. The school has been engaged in a series of meetings; several souls were saved. The meetings closed Wednesday for the season. Rev. Hunt, of Sedalia, delivered an excellent sermon last Sunday, it being the day of prayer for all colleges. The enrollment of this school is still increasing. Miss Ollie Ilaynes left last Mott day for Sweet Springs, but will re turn soon. The Pasteur Scientific Club met last Wednesday evening, Feb. 5th. The following program was ren dered : Song Quartette. Biographical Sketch of Pasteur Clara Lucky. Paper Virginia Muse. Question Box Mary Diggs. Song Quartette. Budget J. T. Williams. Discussion "Resolved, That con densed foods are more beneficial to the human system than natur al foods. The discussion was opened by J. T. Williams, afflirniative ; E. Har ris, Negative. The subject was then opened to the house, which was very elaborately discussed. The discussion was decided in favor of the negative. Macon Items. The teachers and ministers of this city have organized a reading circle which meets every Thursday evening. They are to read Bishop Hunington's Unconscious Tuitions this week. Mr. Amos Williams and Mrs. Liny Forsyth were married Jan. 28th, at the home of the bride. Rev. W. L. Osborne officiate 1. Mrs. L. Louis McDonald return ed from Kirksville Monday. The Baptist and A. M. E. chur ches are having much success in their revivals. The Macon teachers will attend the Tri-Couoty Institute at Mober ly Saturday, Feb. 8. The senior class of western College entertained a large und ap preciative audience Friday evening Jan. 31, in the drama entitled "Be cause I Love You." Each charac ter was well represented. The pupils of Dumas school will give a concert the 21st for bene fit of the library which was put in last year. They are making great preparation and hope to have a good audience. Dr. W, S. Carrion, who has been our practicing physician for three years, moved to St. Joseph Wednesday. His many friends and patrons wish him much sue cess in his new field. Free! Free! Free! Your photo enlarged to life size will be given to the one sending the largest number of yearly subscrib ers to the Professional World between now and April 1st. Contest open to all. Sample copies furnish ed free on application. LIGHT FOR THE NEGRO. Rev. G. H. McDaniel Discusses His Future Possibilities. St. Paul Minn., Jan. 31st 1902. Editor Professional World ; While visitiug Rev. W. D. Carter, assisting him in a special raeetiug, a copy of your paper has fallen into my hands. It impresses me very favorably as a race paper, and I thought I would send you this contribution on the "Current Discussions of the Race Problem." On the 30th of Dec. Rev. Jag. W. Lee, of St. Louis, Mo., read a very able and manly paper before tho evangelical alliance, on "The Needs of the Negro." I confess my utter surprise at the manliness and unselfishness of this paper. It is unlike what I have usually heard or read from men of the South and I appreciate it especial ly, because it is from a Southerner and yet so free from sectional bliss or race prejudices. It not only foreshadows better days for the Negro, but indicates a higher state of civili.atiou aud a purer Uhristianity in the white man. We have long needed white men who have the courage of their con victions. True, he may not have been faultless in his views, but very few indeed are they who have discussed any phase of this question so ably and so fairly. Dr. Lee, although southern born and reared, sets a worthy pace for all who may discuss this subject in any manner, tune or place. We were also delighted to see the manly stand of Mr. Aruold of Fulton Mo., in "The Journal," last week. Subject "The Negro A Factor." We value these utterances, chiefly because they represent the pulpit and the press the most po tent factors iu molding public sentiment. Dr. Lee, shows the man that he is, wheu he pleads tor industrial opportunity for the Negro. He says: "What the Negro needs to diy more than any thing else is fair treatment by the industrial classes of the country." Agaiu he says: "Laboring men have a perfect right to organize them selves into brotherhoods and uu ions for their protection, aud for their interests. There is not any doubt but that they have lifted themselves and their labor to a higher plain of eff eciency and dign ity through organization. But it is not right to exclude men from unions aud organizations on ac count of their color. The right of the Negro to live is certainly in inalienable, but how can he live and support his family if he is not given a fair opportunity, along with other men, to work any line of industry for which he qual ifies himself. The Negro in enti tled to absolute industrial equali ty. It must be remembered that he did not just arrive on the shores of America yesterday, and were he a new comer, the right to work any where would still be his. But the Negro has been here 281 years. He has cleared most of the for ests of the Southern states. lie produces the cotton from the sale and manufactures of which has come much of the wealth of this country. He grew the cane- Irotu which the laboring men have been sweetening their coffee for two hundred years. He made the sy rup which has heeu doubling and quadrupling the value of pancakes and waffled which the laboring man enjoyed for a couple of cen turies. He should not be treated as an alien and a foreigner by la bor unions, for he is less a for eigner thau almost any other class of people. If any body is native to the manor boru he is. We owe it ncj only to the Negro but to ourselves to give him the same opportunity to work eujoyed by the white man. I am a Southerner and have all the feelings common to the South ern people with reference to the Negro's social priviliges. But Southern people have no objec tions to Negro industrial equality. They believe in it." Again he says; "No one who has not given attention to the question can have any proper conception of the diffi culties by which the Negroes right here iu our midsts are confronted today. The most pathetic aspect of the whole Negro problem is found in the gradual closing against him of all the leading in dustries. It takes from him the stimulus for qualifying for work. He is thrown back into a life of idleness or else is shut up for the means of subsistance to odd jobs, or such small tasks, here and there, as he may find to do. He has no way of bringing his wrongs to the consideration of the public. We can hardly bring ourselves to realize how pitiable his coudition is in view of indus trial inequalities which have been gatheriug against him during the list quarter of a century. The most bloody war ever waged be tween civilized states was contin ued four long years to give him his freedom. Billions of dollars were spent in his behalf. Bil lions more have been spent since the war iu paying pensions to old soldiers, who fought to give him his freedom. The Grand Army of the Public holds its reunions every year and the most thrilling thought that comes to them on these occasions is that they knock ed the shackles from the limbs of four millions of slaves. And yet, this man, who cost the country more lives and more money to any other man ever cost any country in any age, stands among us in the pitiable plight of beum de barred from every great the line of handicraft." The best thing about these utter- auces h the fact that they were uot made by a politician nor a candidate for any offine, but by a man called by God to as high a place as men can enjoy, Uut he goes on to say what is shamefully true, viz., "There is not a Pole or Suandioa vian just landed in America yes terday, however full his head may be of anarchy or his heart of en mity to government, but enjoys opportunites we deny to our ne groes, who naturally love the gov ernment, and who have been here nearly three hundred years, and who have never produced an anar chist in all history. The glory of freeing the slaves will depart from the Grand Army of the Republic, and from the states which remain ed true to the Union, if they per mit them for want or fair oypor tunity to work eujoyed by others to enslave themselves again, by vices cradled in idleness into which they have been unjustly driven. "Mr. editor, I am especially glad that these words are, 1st, those of a white man ; 2udly, that they are from a Southerner, because they cannot be attributed to racial bias or Northern fanaticism. This is also why I have quoted so extens ively from Dr.. Lee's sermon, aud let me say right here, that the time is ahead, if not at our very doors, when America will rue her tear went of her dusky . captives who are now so willing to be the best of citizens. Dr. Lee takes perhaps a justifiable pride iu saddling upon the North her portion of blame for tho existence of slavery iu America. To me this is not the paramount quebtion. So far as the effects of slavery are concerned, it doesn't matter who instituted or perpetuated it, although the north and the south had an unenviable part in it a part of which each is ashamed and for which both are cursed. No amount of shifting of the respon sibility can altar the facts nor better the ease. The only thing that can be done now to cut short the pernicious in fluences of America's greatest wrong or crime againt man, is to stab the unholy spirit of caste and race prejudice, to the heart, bury the corpses of "White Supremacy and Negro Subordination" in the ocean of love, peace and good-will toward men, and keep this ocean full from the overflow from all human hearts, as they reverantly, sweetly aud universally acquiese in the great but bible-taught doc trine of the "Fatherhood of God and the brotherhoon of man." If Americans will try this ex periment they will find that the "golden rule" thus conscienciously applied will prove a veritable pau acea for all the ills resulting from the various methods of agitating the vexed "Race Problem." (To be continued next week.) Watches; clocks and Jewelry repaired by an experienced workman at Hopper's Drug Store THE OLD ROCK BRIDGE PAPER MILL. Col. W. F. Switzler in the Tribune. No doubt many of the younger readers, and perhaps some of the older of the Daily Tribune do not know that in 1834, nearly 70 years ago, there was a paper Mill at the Natural Bridge, called then and now Rockbridge and about six miles southwest of Columbia. But such is the fact. In 1833 David S. Lamme, a most intelligent and reputable citizen and step father of Mrs. Jame9 S. Rollins, and Jhu W. Keiser, grand father of the late Mrs. Win S Pratt of this plane, cs'alihshcd -i .veil i II fl. Hiring mill at II lekiii t.l;; Iii lS3t I) ivi I S. and Wlliam Ltmuie. John W. Reiser ami Tuomas J Cox estab lished at the Mime place a mill for the manufacture of printing paper. The "Missouri Iutelligenoer" of Columbia, Nathaniel Patten's weekly newspaper, the first ever published in Columbia, and also the St. Louis Republican, (Now Republic.) were printed the latter part of 1334 on paper made at this mill, and tha Republican said the paper compared favorably, with any mauufactured west of the mountains. But newspapers at that time were not numerous enough in Missouri to sustain a paper mill . and its existence was short lived. There areow more weekly newspapers inJUoWie county than in the entire state mkl834. Will Sell The Davis Jackson, Miss., Feb.. Mrs. Jefferson Davis has submitted a formal offer to the Misswippi Legislature, through Mrs. KVn- brough of Greenwood, to sell old Davis home at Beauvoir, to be used as a homejfor indigent Con federate soldiers, for $10,000. The place is said to contain 116 acres and much feeling in favor of its selection for the soldiers' home has been worked up on sentimental grounds. A number of the legis lators andjprominent ex-Confederates are of the opinion, however, that the home should be more centrally located, Beauvoir being somewhat isolated. The selection of the home is optional with tha commission created by the George bill, which has passed the Senate and has been Bent to the House for consideration. Dr.Klng's New Discovery, best cough remedy on earth, get a trial bottle free at Oil man & Dorsey's. wine . ! hwtti !Stj thX V . ..