Newspaper Page Text
' '"A " t - I I.. Copyrighted. ' 1901, J. S. Trigg. Rockford. Iowa. Correspondence Solicited. The neatly built stack or the mow ful of nice shredded corn fodder has this year become a common thing all through the corn belt. It is pretty well settled that corn planted on fall plowing will ripen from a week to ten days earlier than when planted on spring plowing. It costs $30 a year more to live than it did Ave years ago. If you have not had your wages raised this much in that time, you are worse off than you were then. Better attend to this right away and strike the old man for a raise. Late rulings of the postofflce depart ment shut out the circulation of fake weather forecasts from the privileges of second-class matter, and as a re Rnlt the country at large is benefited. We shall have just the same kind of weather as before, but the government will not be the agent whereby the fakir is able to catch and swallow the sucker. If you wish to destroy the grove around your orchard, turn the fruit trees in your orchard, turn the stock loose and let them have the run of grove and orchard. You may charge the death of the trees up to borers, drouth or Providence, just as you please, but the truth is that you killed the trees the day you turned the stock in. For an all 'round primary school you can't beat the little country school house, ten or more little folk and a sweet little woman to teach them. Ev ery child may represent a separate' class, but that doesn't matter. Each child has the patient, careful aid in its studies which is so largely denied it when attending the larger and graded school. It beats all how much annoyance and vexation can be worked up -out of the everyday work of life if one is always looking for trouble and bound to find it. And, Inverting this statement, it also beats all how a cheerful and hope ful way of looking at life and its work will checkmate trouble and make life worth living. We always feel sorry for that person who is born with the cor ners of his mouth turned down. The persistent boring for oil in so many sections in the arid West is de veloping what may prove to be worth far more than oil viz., more valuable supplies of artesian water. Millions of acres of the far-famed Sahara desert in Africa has been redeemed by thie dis covery of these artesian supplies of water, and millions more will be re claimed frcu the equally desert areas of this country in the same manner. A b. eder of the Polled Angus cattle I in centra1 Iowa told us. the other day, that he can produce on his farm one year w ith another a 1,200- pound Angus steer for each four acres of his farm. This finished steer is worth one year with another about $80, which gives him an income of $20 per acre for his land It should be said that the use of the Varm for this purpose has brought the soil up to a most productive condi tion. We know of a farm whose productive power has been fully doubled Inside of 15 years by keeping on it as much stock as it would carry and consuming all the products of the farm upon the farm. The same thing may be done with thou sands of other farms, and it matters lit tle whether it is stocked with sheep, a dairy of cows or devoted to the produc tion of beef. It cannot be done so well with hogs, as the hog is a very poor dis tributer of fertility. We lately exhibited at a farm insti tute a sirloin steak cut from a well bred Shorthorn heifer 28 months old and a similar steak cut the same thickness from exactly the same part of a com mon heifer, equally fat and of the same age. The Shorthorn steak weighed three pounds and that of the other an imal only a pound and a half. It la right here where the well bred beef an imal gets in its work no more hide, not much rougher tallow, but much greater weight of meat in all the choice cuts. The farmer of the Northwest has long regarded his fur coat as an Indispensa ble part of his winter equipment, but not until lately have we ever seen what should long ago have been as common as the fur coat for the man viz., a long cut, well fitting fur jacket for his wife. The one we saw was made of coonskin, had a high collar and was ono of the most comfortable and appropri ate winter wraps for a woman that .could be imagined. There should be more of these put on the market, for they would find a ready sale, as they are not expensive In the sense that wo men's furs usually are. ,A Cheap Sub-Soiler. A friend who 'had for many years cultivated a field with a stiff gum sub soil, always plowing the field about four Inches deep, had by the action of the plow packed and smoothed down this sub-soil so that the jlow could not be made to penetrate the crust which had formed unless he set his plow to go much deeper than he cared to plow. Ho finally seeded the field down to clover, and when he turned the clover sod over two years later for a corn crop the crust was all gone and the hard . pan all nicely mellowed up by the ac tion of the clover roots. Clover is the poor man's aub-soiler and worth all it costs to grow on any farm for this pur pose alone. . . An Old But Good Thing. W very much favor the idea of the NTES 9 old-fashioned singing, spelling and do bating school for the country commu nity where it can possibly be maintain ed. Such a weekly gathering forms a nucleus for much social pleasure and profit aside from the Indisputable and permanent value of training in such lines for the country boy and girl. Many a fine singer has graduated from a country singing school, many an ora tor spoke the first piece with his knees knocking together before his chums and mates at a country debating school, while only where such spelling schools are held can hardly any one be found who can spell such stem-winder words as apothegm, Melchisedec and Sibyl. Such gatherings do not cost much to maintain and only need the interest and active work of a few bright boys and girls to get them started in almost any community. Irrigation by the Government. Reclamation of waste and desert land by systematic irrigation on a large scale is to receive the attention of the general government now for the first time. It is a grand and farreaching work, of infinitely more promise than the investment of millions in pulling, snagging and dredging sandbars in un namable and unnavlgable creeks. The almost universal verdict of the Ameri can people on this question of reclama tion of territory by government author ity is that it should be promptly and intelligently undertaken, the proceeds of all reclamed land sold to be devoted to the work. Like the postal depart ment, we believe that irrigation by the government may be self-sustaining or very nearly so. Corn For North Dakota. We note a very interesting fact in connection with the holding of a farm ers' institute at Fargo, N. D., recently. Among other topics on the program was, "Corn For North Dakota and How- to Grow It." The mere fact of latitude would on the face of it seem to place this territory far north of the corn belt: but, to our surprise, when there last summer we saw gome Jarge fields of corn, one at least of 40. acres, and, while no such crops of corn will there be grown as farther south, still the happy factulty of this cereal in adjust ing itself to climatic conditions seems to be developing a type of corn which can be grown even in that far north country with profit. South Dakota made a splendid record on corn last year, much better than was made in some of the so-called corn states. Plant It To Evergreens. A friend who has a few acres of quite sandy soil on a ridge on his farm which was poisoned with sorrel wrote us last year wanting to know how to get rid of the sorrel. He did it by plowing twice during the drouth of last August and September, and now wants to get the land into clover with a view to enrich ing It, as the soil is very thin and noor. This is a hard proposition unless he is sure' of abundant moisture, for an Au gust sun will about cook clover, with out rain, under such conditions of soil. Instead of clover for Biich a case, we would try cowpeas, and, if we had such a spot on our farm we would give up the idea of trying to make either a pas ture or tillable land out of it and would set it out with Scotch and white pine or red cedars. It would then look nice and cease to bother, even if it could only be regarded as a legacy for our grandchildren. The Eastern Way. An Eastern farmer was lately on his first visit West at the home of a farm er friend in North Dakota. It was thrashing time, and a large field of flax was being thrashed in the Dakota way by hauling the crop from the gavels in the field direct to the machine. The men who gathered the flax in the field were careless and wasteful, this also in the Dakota way, and left many scat tered bunches here and there in the field. When the Job was completed, our Eastern friend asked his host when he was going to clean up that field, and was told that it was cleaned up so far as he was concerned; that up in Dakota they did not bother with pickings and rakings. This astonished the Eastern man, who was a past master in all the petty economies compelled by Eastern farm conditions, and he felt sorely grieved over such a wanton waste, and so he asked his friend if he could have a team and wagon the next day and gather up and save some of the waste, which was laughingly assented to. with the remark- that he might have all he could make out of his rakings. The team and wagon and the Eastern man went to work the next morning, and In a very short time a full load of the scat tered flax was gathered up, which was hauled over to the field where the ma chine was at work, f The load was run through the machine and gave 13 bush els of clean flax, which he sold for $1.45 per bushel, thus receiving $23.85 for his two hours' work. Dakota farmers will do things different from this before long. Four Hundred Dollars a Year. We are asked by a man aged 35 who has a wife and four children whether we can suggest any way whereby he can get a start when his Income from com mon day a labor never exceeds $400 per year. Not possessing the wisdom of King Solomon, we feel like leting this job out; still, perhaps wejean offer a suggestion, even if we cannot give ad vice. The 1400 a year, as most laborine men live, will do very little besides providing food, raiment and shelter for the family, Even with good health and no bad luck the margin of surplus la very small. Therefore, In trder to get the small start which may lead to bet ter conditions, there Is involved a lim ited period of self-denial for both the man and his wife, such as most people would shrink from. A man, his wife and . four children can and do exist 4 Nif somehow In England and on the con tinent on an Income of $180 a year and even less. Our friend will have to study this way of living, which involves a bill of fare wherein oatmeal and po tatoes figure very conspicuously. To accomplish anything in the way of making the start desired there must lie at least $100 saved from the living ex pense account to begin with. Then, as soon as possible, a good cow should be secured and some poultry kept and a small patch of land procured for a good garden. These three things will at once make the saving of $100 from the liv ing expense comparatively prsv. When the first $100 is saved, ways and means to add to It will readily suggest them selves, and little by little a more desir- aoie condition may be brought about In this connection we might add that any attempt to work out of the hole is useless unless a man has a Wife who is willing to fully co-operate with hlni We wish that we could offer a better so lution of this economic problem, but it is tne only way. Low Priced Stock Farms. We have two or three Inquiries as to where good stock farms can be secured at cheap rates. There is a vast terri tory in Northern Minnesota cut over and burned over timber lands. good soil, plenty of water and a reliable rain fall which seems to be specially adapted to all our grasses wild grasses In greatest profusion and the natural home of clover and timothy. Whili these lands, with their sloughs, spectral tree trunks and rank growth of crass look very forbidding at first sight, it seems to us that the conditions there exist to make one of the best stock countries in the North. Pasturing rough land speedily civilizes it. The tame grasses soon crowd out the wild herbage. The stumps and grubs will soon rot, and, judging from what we ,havc seen accomplished elsewhere, it will only take a very few years to con vert this wild and wooly territory into the best of farms, and that without clearing by hand. These lands are in close contact with the best markets, may be bought at low prices and on easy terms and only await occupation to make them very valuable farm lands. Then here are what are called tin,' range lands of North and Sutho Dako ta, a region where the rainfall is de ficient and not enough to Insure the profitable culture of our cereal crops without irrigation a fine stock coun try, where men are now making their fortunes on cattle. These lands sell for about $3 to $5 per acre, and a man wants at least a section, and more if he can get it. How the Grove Was Born. Here is the way In which nature builds up a grove of trees on the prairie: There was a piece of old rail fence left by the side of an abandoned homstad. Th drifting winds bore a cottonwood seed, a tangle of lint float ing like a snowflake, and dropped it in a corner of the old fence. The little seed grew, and a migratory robin, stopping to rest In the top of the little tree, dropped a seed of a black cherry. Then some hunters, seeing the little trees, stopped under their shade to eat their dinner, and, having some wild plums lor dessert, they threw the pits down, and one of these grew and soon multi plied into a plum thicket. The shelter thus afforded soon drew the birds from far away, and the birds and the winds co-operating kept adding new varie ties of shrub and tree and woodland vine and flower, while the drifting snows of the winter added their mite. But just as nature In her curious way had planted the little grove the prairie fire is loosed on the front of a great south wind, and in a moment the pa tient work of years is blotted out. It Is more than probable that, had it not been for the ever-recurring flres, what is now, or, rather, was, the prarie re gion of the Northwest, would, wherever the rainfall was sufficient to promote the growth of tree life, have been covered with a dense growth of timber Instead of grass. ' Should Work the Other Way. We know of a gentleman who is very earnestly engaged in the effort to breed corn back to its original type. While this may be an interesting experiment from a purely scientific standpoint, it seems to us that it would be every way better for him to turn around and work the other way. It is one of the easiest things in the world to secure the degen eration of any of our improved types, whether in the vegetable or animal kingdom; In fact, just let alone they will any and all move with astonishing rapidity back to original types. Only the use of persistent selection of the best as patent stock secures the mainte nance of present Improved types. Revolt Against a Russian Landlord. St. Petersburg correspondence I;on don Pall Mall Gazette: A remarkable case of the revolt of an entire peasantry, against their landlord is reported as having taken place on th estate of Count Palen near Mitaxa. The mob openly laid siege to the castle, to which they set fire, dancing around the build ing as the flames consumed it. Every thing was destroyed, including a val uable collection of paintings and other works of art. The local police were en tirely powerless against the mob", and troops had to be summoned. When they arrived, however, the work of de struction was only too complete, and the peasantry had dispersed. Count Palen is a member of the council of the empire. The Classical Cannibal. Baltimore American: "But why," asked the subchlef of the Cannibal Isles, "do you insist upon having the men who fell while leading the charge ngalnst us served up at the banquet this evening. He seems to be hard as nails." "Huh!" answered the chief of the Cannibal Isles. "I read In a book of poetry left by our last meal that 'the bravest bn the tenderest.' " Realty sales In the city of London during 1901 were 5,5o3,098, compared with 4,934,7t9 In 1900, and 6,290,314 la 1899., BILL MM t "Ilu'.. . --"'? 7 V?V KIN rend the Scriptures, talk out I in prayer nieetln', go ter revivals an' get religion enough ter last a lifetime; an' I kin read the Commandments an' coincide with every thing a-tween the lids uv the Bible, what 'tends ter civilize the race, an' men i Kin dump the bull gosh durn biz ness off uv a step ladder quicker n yer kin 'dock' a lamb's tall, when it conies ter putin' up a stove pipe," said Uncle Bill as he entered the editor's office with a patch on the Bide of his nose and his hands cut. "What in the world has come over you. Uncle Bill?" asked the editor. "Oh, I'm preplexed an' kerflumixed," answered Uncle Bill, "there's no use uv me denyin" the fact; I've back-slid agin, gol durn my buttons, here I've bin goin' ter revivals an" begun ter see things 'bout right accordin' ter Helen's views, when the old stove started ter smoke us out uv house an' home, an' religion is a thing what don't stand much smokin', at least up in my think garret. I'v bin tried on my religion by our ole ram. He tried ter 'butt' It out uv me, an' the l hone mule tried ter kick It out uv me, an' ole 'Brindle' kicked a bucket uv milk all over ine. so'st most uv it run down my neck an' froze on me while I whs goin' ter the house: but I stood the test an' had begun ter flatter nivuMf that I was walkln' In the straight an' narrow path, like a Christian ought ter. when all uv a sudden I wound myself clear out In the timber." les, remarked the editor, "nconle were beginning to say that you must have religion in earnest this time, and we were all glad about it." Wall, the only way to eet It out uv me this time was ter smoks it out. I'm like the bees, I can't s'.and fur that. An' Then I Said Somethin'. Helen said she thought what religion I had must uv bin sowed on shaller ground, but she needn't brag; she'll need toe clips on next time we put up a stovepipe ter keep her from backslld in', ' said Uncle Bill. "Your experience must have been very exasperating. What was it like?" asked the editor. "Our kitchen stove commenced ter smoke, an' Helen won't even let me smoke in the house, let alone a stove; so uv course I had ter take down the stovepipe an' go out In the back yard an' drum on It like a Salvation Army recruit, ter git the soot out uv it. That was the day It was 12 degrees below zero; that's the kind uv a day sich things happen, but I got through with that all right, an' went in the house, got the step ladder an' got the pipe all Jin ed together but one piece, an' that act ed like a drunken Irishman at a 'wake.' It was lookln' fur trouble an' I seemed Lter be the trouble it was after; an' Jest as i went ter reacn ter tne ceiun rur a wire what was hanging there, the durn pipe gave a lurch, I made a grab, fell oft uv the step ladder, and then I said somethin' irreligious, 'cause the pipe come down on top uv ma, an' one piece shaved a clip from my nose." "Did you swear a little?" asked the editor. "Wall, I wasn't asktn' - blesoin'," re plied Uncle Bill, curtly; an' when a fel ler's shod fur the straight an' narrow path, a few Jolts like that'll wear the 'corks smooth, so st he'll sort uv slip 'round a leetle might till he gits out in. the open, or timber anyhow he's apt ter backslide 'round somewhat, an' my religion took the bit in It's mouth an" run slap dab away from me, fur 'lection." "Uncle Bill!" exclaimed the editor, "I am sorry that you still permit your self to be profane." "Go out an' tackle a stovepipe, an' inaulgln' In Some Quotations. you'll git In the band wagon all right enough." said Uncle Bill." It's all right ter set here an' write 'bout morals. You v 1 L. wr together, 'cause when yer fall off uv a atep ladder with a half dozen lengths uv stovepipe on top uv yer, if there's a cuss word enywhere about yer It'll jar loose, 'specially after yer've pinched yer ling ers an' lost part uv yer nose." "I know that It is a perplexing job." said the editor. "Of course, one should have patience and not give away to his feelings." "I'm thinkin' that If yer'll tackle one uv them 'ere smoke-pusher stoves Where the pipe gits stopped up that, go an' rub up agin' one uv them meek an lowly Joints uv tovepipe, an' try ter persuade it ter join another one uv the same kind, I tell yer the only way yer kin git 'em together is ter cuss 'eiii yer won't be wi lting nice editorials fur a day or two, but yer'll be indulgm' In some quotations what, ain't claimed by cny authors, same's I was when Helen come In an' found me on the floor hold in' a service with the stove pipe," re marked Uncle ill. "I g(,t up Hn' went out ter the grainery an' found another length uv stovepipe, an' when I got back Helen had the pipe all up an' wanted me ter go ter church that night, but I've postponed that ontil the skin grows on my nose again' an' I kin learn ter use Helen's by-words. She alwavs uses 'I 'snummy;' I don't know what it means, but if I kin git used ter it. I'll join church agin' and stear clear uv stovepipes." 1 iMafikfi WILD TURKEYS OF ARIZONA. The Indians Kill Many and Feast for litany Days Upon Them. Phoenix, Ariz., letter to the Chicago Iuter Ocean: If all the wild turkeys in the Mongollon mountains, from Turkey creek to the Mexico line, could be killed or trapped, there would be dinner material for hair the families of the nation. They are big birds, too. When the season opened, in the mid dle of October, Ed Hush, a C'iblque Apache half-breed, brought to the mil itary post at San Carlos a gobbler which weighed 34 pounds. Three weeks later, when the turkeys had fat tened on the beechnuts of the forest and the grain fields of the mountain ranches, a party of officers from the fort on a three days' hunt up White Mountain creek killed 81 turkeys averaging 19 pounds each. h,ven then the turkeys were not in their prime. They will be at their best weight about the first of the year, when the Ciblque braves will hold their great annual hunt, and will feast for two weeks on the result. To the frugal housewife who makes her Christmas turkey last over three days, the Cibique method of cooking iiirKeys would he a' revelation in economy. The Cibique is probably the wildest and most exclusive of all the Apache races, and In the unexpir ed fastnesses of the great mountains of the Mongollon and White ranges he has held aloof from white companion ship longer than any other American Indian. Not until two years ago, when John Dacey, the chief of the tribe, was kill ed in a quarrel with a deputy sheriff, did the Ciblques permit a white man to go on their hunts or to attend their feasts. Since then they have accepted the newcomer as a necessary evil, and last year they invited a number of officers from Fort Apache, together with several civilians, to accompany them. Nearly 70 bucks, with the seven or eight whites, killed more than 100 birds in the hunt of two days. In the dense and nearly impenetrable scrub oaks of the mountain sides the turkeys were extremely difficult to find? The white guests soon wearied o. the tiresome work of crawling and writhing through the brush, but most of them waited at the camp the re turn of the red hunters. Not a bird was touched in camp until all the hunters were in, and then the squaws prepared the feast. That night and all next day the gorging lasted. The following day it continued, at'l then hash was niau of the remains. This diet severed ano'.h ir day, and then the last of the white party left the village. Three days later one of the white men chanced again to visit the village. He' found the whole population ab sorbing turkey soup, while the chief declared that the bones would serve food purposes for three more days. Iast week a party from Globe shot nine turkeys near Turkey creek, three of the birds weighing over 25 pounds, and one tipping the scales at 42 pounds, the largest ever known to be killed, although the Apache guide de clared he had shot turkeys weighing 50 pounds. A Smart Man's Clever Ruse. New York Press: "I saw your wife in a car with you the other day." said a friend to the gay Wall Btreet broker. "I thought she was going to stay South over the holidays." "She thought so, too," and the broker smiled. "She was with friends down there for a long time, an3 kept writing me not to tell her to come back Just yet." "How did you man6e It?" "I didn't write for her to come back. I just sent her last month's gas bill. It was for 11 cents. She got here two days later, and her trunks have been coming in on every train since." Then they both smiled and drifted between latticed doors that swung In ward. What Is the Shape of the Earth f Popular Science Monthly: The ex act shape of the earth is a question which cannot be settled without fresh evidence from the Antarctic. For this purpose two at least of the expeditions have been provided with pendulum out fits. By noting the exact length of time occupied by the swing of a pendulum the distance of the place of observation from the earth's center can be deter mined. It Is held that the south po lar regions projects further from the plane of the equator than does the north polar region. According to one esti mate, the south pole Is slightly more than one-hundredth further from the earth's center than the north pole. PreslJent Schwab seems to hire ad vertised the United States quit exten- ely during his European tour, Mv OLIO OF EVENTS. Among the 2.038 students at Glasgow university last term, there were 350 women. Organized laborers to the number of 7,0(10 are employed by the diamond deal ers and jewelers of Amsterdam. Philadelphia drunkards are now re leased when sober for fear of their bringing smallpox Into the Jail. The total number of medical practi tioners In (treat Britain and Ireland is 3G.7SS. an Increase of 404 within a year. Husbands in Lunehurg, Russia, must be home at 11 o'clock at night, or pay a fine of about $2.50. half of which goes to the complainant, who is usually the wife. Following the example of Leipsic, seviral other German universities are reusing to admit Russian girls who have only the certificates of Russian high schools. Henry Watterson Is a fairly good mu sician, and it was at one time a serious question with him as to whether he should take up music or Journalism as a profession. Booker T. Washington's autobiogra phy "Up From Slavery." translated into French, German and Hlndoostanee, is now to be done Into Finnish and into Spanish for Cuba. The Marquis Vlsconti Venosta of Italy has declined the decoration sent to him by the Emperor Menelik of Abyssinia, on the ground that it was "stained by Italian blood." Some Chinese medicine consisting of monkeys' toes boiled down and harden ed by being buried underground for a number of years figured In a pollcu court case at Shanghai recently. President Roosevelt's biography of "Oliver Cromwell" is about to be pub lished in a French edition through the efforts of the Societe Francaise de' Im phimerle et de Llbrarie of Paris. An official statement from the British Cycle and Motor Trades association puts the average profit on a bicycle at $2.1 C. and the number of persons em ployed in the cycle trade at 100,000. "Dan" Emmet, who wrote the popu lar negro melody, "Dixie," which serv ed frequently as a rallying song in the civil war, is living, at the age of 87, in a little cottage near Mansfield, O. The latest bank statement embracing all the hanks in Mexico shows the total banking capital to be $80,300,00; note circulation, $82.67fi.626; reserves, $14, 232,393. and deposits $112,000,000. A movement has been started in To ledo, O., to erect a monument to the late Chief Justice Morrison R. Waite. It is proposed to erect the monument on the battlefield of Fort Meigs, near Toledo. New complaints are being made by county officers In . Nebraska against farmers who breed wolves for the bounty. At $3 a scalp, wolf culture often proves more profitable than rais ing hogs. One of the most expert chaffeurs in Washington is Representative Joseph Sibley of Pennsylvania. Mr. Sibley has become so expert that he can cut figure eights and do other fancy Stunts In steering the machine. John F. Dryden, the new senator from New Jersey, is an expert mathematician He has studied figures In all their com binations for recreation ever since So was a hoy and can solve the most diffi cult problems offhand. The allopathic and homoeopathic branches of the medical profession in Sioux City, la., are about to perfect a third organization for the purpose of maintaining fees. Hereafter it will cost more In that town to be sick. The annual appropriation for the ex penses of the president's office, includ ing the president's salary, , compensa tion for his clerks and' secretaries, the furnishings of the white house and the maintenance of the grounds, Is less than $300,000 a year. The death of Dr. McManlgle, a promi nent citizen of Harper, Kan., was chronicled In the telegrams the other day. Dr. McManlgle waB the father of Ferdinand McManigle, who, under the name of Carl Atheno, has been prac ticing the buried-alive fake In different parts of the country. Prof. A. A. Trevor of Greencastle, Ind., has been nominated by the fac ulty of Boston university to the John Sleeper fellowship of that institution, which provides free of expense for a fiscal year, the making of a personal re search in a foreign country. He has selected Palestine for this work. At Governor Cummins' inauguration in Des Moines, la., on Wednesday four generations were represented his fa ther and mother, his daughter, who Is Mrs. Grace Rawson, and his grandchild, Cummins Rawson. being present The governor's father is 79 and his mother is 75 years old. They were both born in Greene county, Pa., where they were married In 1847. Charles Meadows, known on the Pa cific coast as "Arizona Charley," In dian scout, has started for Tlburon or Shark island, in the gulf of California. to see what can be don toward tam ing or exterminating the Serl Indians, who have resisted all attempts to civil ise them. The island can be mads val uable from mineral and agricultural standpoints. Milan M. Hulbert of New York, who has just been appointed chief of the de partment of manufacturing of the world's fair at St. Louis, represented the United States In Paris In 1900. and for his services was decorated by the French government, and he was also a prominent figure at the Chicago world's fair and' at the Nashville and Omaha expositions. Prof. Charles Whitney Carman of Chicago has Invented a machine which will produce on a screen solid, liquid. opaque, transparent, animate and inan imate objects. The lenae acts as an opera glass, and the photograph or painting, cr picture, la enlarged about 15 time? Us area when thrown upon the screen, making a reproduction that Is perfect lc color and shading. Prof. Charl.s Whitney Carman of Chicago has invented a machine which will produce on a screen solid, liquid, opaque, transparent, animate and Inani mate objects. Th e tense acts an an opera glass, and the photograph or painting, or picture, Is enlarged about 15 times its area when thrown upon th screen, making a reproduction that la perfect In color "and shadjng.