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TOPICS OF THE TIME.
To a friend who saw him in the sick room recently, Samuol Bowles said; "Nothing is tho matter with mo but thirty-flve years of hard work." Wo don't hear anything more from that Texas man who was lickod for in fidelity. People want to know whether it cured him before they go ahead with the treatment. Co-education gets a set back in the report of the Boston school committee in favor of a separate Latin school for girls. Tho femalo members of the board voted for co-education. Mr. Talmage says: "The Goddessof Fashion has booomo tho rival of the Lord of heaven and earth, and it is high timo that we nnlimborcd our batteries against this idolatry." Minister Wolsh made a sensible roply to a free trade address at Liverpool. He said that England did what it consider ed beneficial for England, and Amorioa looked to tho interest of tho American people. A directory of the "elite of Brooklyn" has been published. It contains 17,000 namos, whereas tho regular directory contains 118,000 names. Pretty nearly ono to overy seven, therofore is an "clito." "Cold tea," "Roman punch" ond "ap plo sauce," which are tho Congressional equivalents for tho familiar names of whisky, rum, and apple-jack, aro to be banished from tho restaurants of the capitol, at Washington. Mr. Hamlin is the oldest Senator now serving ho is sixty-oight. Mr. Dorscy is the youngest; he entered tho Senate when only thirty years old, and has served five yoars. Mr. Edmunds who is forty nino, is tho Senator who looks oldest. There is no limit to man's ambition. A colored baby show is now planned in Now York. What color is not stated. It is presumed, however, that all shades, from that of the bottom of a dinner pot to tho most delicate milk-and-mo-lasses tint, will be admissablo. Mrs. Elizabeth Lament has begun a suit for divorce, in New York, against her husband, Henry Laurent, on the ground of his too intimate relations with Mrs. Alice Oates. The Lauronts belong to tho Oates comic opera com pany. Theatrical circles aro shocked as usual. Joseph Cook in a lecturo in BoBtoB said that compute )ry voting was a good tiling in ancient Athens and it might be a good thing in modern Athens, and that the secession of tho cultivated classes from politics is scarcely less dangerous than tho secession of the States from tho Union, and might work as much harm. Commodoro Vanderbilt has been materialized and gives this advice through tho Graphic: "Spend your money as you go along, all of yon. Bor row as much as you can and spend that. Don t lay up a cent unless you want everybody to know all about tho inflam mation of your speculum and the abnor mal contraction of your peritonitis." Tho Dutch, desirous of achieving something liko their old renown upon tho high seas, aro preparing nn Arctic ""!)C(lition to sail in MW npt Tim (design is not a wild-gooso chase for the north polo, but a systematic and intolli- I gent exploration of a commercial route 1 to tlio Siberian rivers. Tho expedition is fitted out by money obtained by pop- i ular subscription. A gray-haired drunkard staggered in toatemperance mooting in Philadelphia, and m a maudlin way, tried to make a speech. The chairman utilized him as an "awful example," making him stand up before the people to be prayed for, and exhorting thorn to beware of becom ing snch a wreck. Over a hundred sig natures to tho plodgo woro thus obtain ed, including that of tho illustrative drunkard. The Chicago Times is for annexing Mexico. "Tho practical question iB a very simple ono; namely, whothor it would be wisest Jnud most economical for Amorioa to govorn Moxico as a for eign country, with a standing army on tho Bio Grande, or to govern it as othor Amoncan torritorios are governed, by tho expensive modo of peace. In the opinion of tho Times, the latter would be much the bettor way." Louise Seivers, a handsomo young woman of Poughkocpsio, has just been non-suited in an netion against Henry M. Dickinson, of Now York, for breach ol promise in marriago and 120,000, The young man admitted the promise bade and repeatod many times during iho last two years, and quantities of .ffectionato lottors between tho couple voro produced, but it was shswn that ipickiuson was an infant that is, ho was hot twenty-ono when the promises of jiarrioge wero mode, and consequently J-as not responsible. Howas, however, gld enough to marry another girl. I A Hear IHory. MUwaukeo Sentinel i when Aimee was traveling from rJhicago, on her trip cast last fall, she ted a singular adventure. Her Pullman cas next to the exprost car, in which as confined a tame bear belonging to tme street musioians on board. This animal became loose, and clambering vor into the diva's sleeper, crawled iciably into the warm berth oocurjind y hor. Tho fasoinating little dramatic jjirk folt the shaggy coat of the intruder. "I am noting zurpriso at de sang froid If a western mans,'' she remarked, oalm- , "but you might, at leas't, ik off your VOL. I. THE NEWS. FORTY-FIFTH CONGRESS. Mr. Stephens introduced a bill repeal ing tho iron-cluil oatb which has to bo taken by applicants (or ponsions. Mr. Harris, chairman of the election committee, culled up the Colorado contested election case. Tho majority report by tho Democratic members dcelarlng PotterHon entitled to tho sont and tho minority ruport, signed by IIi8cock. Wado and Thornburgh, declaring Bolford duly oloctod. Mr. Cox, of Ohio, submitted another roport, declaring that thoro.had boon no valid oloctlon. Tho presentation of arguments in support of majority and minority reports occupied tho ontire day. A motion of Mr. Edmunds was agreed to In tho Somite on tho 12th, providing for a select committoo to tako Into consideration tho stuto of tho law respecting tho asccr talningnnd declaration of tho Vlco-Prosi-dont of tho Unltod States; to also consider and roport upon tho boat manner of elect ing thoso officers, nnd tho duration of their terms of ofllco. Mr. Hlmffoo suiimlttod a resolution as a substitute to Mr. Matthew's on tho silver question. It declares that all bonds of the Unltod Stutos issued or author ized to bo Issued under said acts of Con gress, horetoforo recited, aro payable, prin cipal and Interest, at option, in Kohl or sil ver of standard value when such bonds woro Issued, and to rostoro to Its eolnago such silver coin ns legal tender co-equal with gold coin, Is not in violation of public fail h nor In derogation of tho rights of tho publh credit. Tho Sonate on tho 13th was in session but an hour. Mr. Voorhoos submitted llio following resolution, nnd gavo notlco that no would call it up Tuesday, Jan. 15th, for tho purpose of .submitting somo remarks thereon. Itosolvod.Thatlt is of tho high est Importanco that tho financial credit of tho government bo mnintutnud, and in or der to do so, tho government itself, in all its departments, should in good faith keep nil its contracts and obligations entered In to with Its own citizens. At tho expiration of the morning hour, consideration was re sumed of tho resolution of Mr. Matthews, to pay bonds in silver, and Mr. liayard spoko In opposition. At the conclusion of Mr. Bayard's spoech, Mr. Allison submitted the following amendmont to tho silver bill, re cently reported from the Comraltteo on flumico and now upon tho calendar: Section 2. That Immediately after tho passago of this net, the President shall In vite the governments of the country com prising tho Latin Union, so cullcil, and oT such other European nations ns ho may litem advisable, to join tho union Htatos in a conference, to ndopt a common ratio of li-gal teniluras between gold and silver, for th purpose of establishing an internal use of himetulic money nnd securing a fixity of relativo valuo between those metals; such conference to bo held In such place in Eu rope or In tho Unltod States, ut such time within six months, ns may bo mutually agreed upon by the executive of tho gov ernment joining In the same. Whenever the government so Invited, or any three of them, shall have slgnllled their willing ness to unite in tnn same, tne I'resiiiont shall, by and with the advice nnd consent of tho Kennto, nppoint throe commissioners, who shall attend such conference in behalf cf the United States, and shall report the doings thereof to the President, who shall transmit tho samo to Congress, Said com missioners shnll eneh receive the Bum of $2,500 and their reasonable expanses, to be approved by tho Secretary of State, and the amount nocessary to pay such compensa tion nnd the exponses is hereby appropri ated out of any money in tho treasury not otherwise appropriated. After n short and uneventful session on tho 15th, Congress adjourned until tho 10th of January. Washington Nntw. NOMINATIONS. A Washington special to tho Globe Democrat of tho 12th says that In tho execu tive session of the day, Mr. Conkllng having given notice that ho would end up tho Now York nominations, mndo a report from his committoo. Tho Senator mndo a lengthy spooen covorlng practically tho Burae grounds which he has always maintained on tho subject of tho right of the Sonate in tho question of nominations, and tho refusal of tho Secretary of tho Treasury to give reasons doomed satisfactory for tho remov al of .the incumbents in tho offices of Col- lector and Naval officer at Now York. He was followed by Senator Matthews, who claimed the right of tho Executlvo to select its own offlcors, dooming It essential to the success of any Administration that it should have Its own mon to cxecuto its own meas ures; sustained the position of Mr. Conkllng, claiming that under the civil sorvico, about which the Adminlstiutlon has said so much, there was no grounds for tho removals In Now York. Senntors Blaine, Maxey and Tellor mado speochos supporting tho posl sltion of tho Bonator from Now York. Tho most positive spoech in dofonse of the President was made by Senator Gordon. His remarks woro of somo length. He claimed that the President was the judge of tho porsons to bo appointed to oarry his measures, and the right of tho Senato was solely a restrictive ono against the appoint ment of porsons unlit for ofllco. Othor speeches in support of tho Administration's side of tho question wero mado by Senators Dayard, Kenan, Hoar and Chrlstianer. und at 8 o'clook a vole was reached, resulting In thirty-two to twenty-five supporting tho roport of the committee, nnd rojootlng the nominations of Roosevelt for Collector nnd Prlnco for Naval Officer of tho Port of New York. Morrltt was confirmed for Surveyor without a division. The following Is the voto in full, in tho oxooutlvo session, to sustain tho ndvorso roport of tho commltttoe. Antl-Admlnlstrntlon Messrs. Allison, An thony, Uluine, Booths, Bruco, Cameron of Wisconsin, Cameron of PonBylvania, Chal ice, Conkling, Davis of Illinois, Dorsoy, Eaton, Edmunds, Ferry, Hamlin, Howe. In galls, Jones of Nevada, Kollogg, Kirkwood, McMlllln, Mitchell. Morrill, Oglesby, Pad dock, Patterson, Plumb, Rollins, Surgent, Suundors, Spencor, Tellor 32. Against the roport of the Oommltteo; Amlnlstration Messrs. Bailey, Varnuiu, Dayard, Bock. Chrlstianoy, Coke, Conovor, Dawos, EustiB, Oarland, Oordon, Harris, Heroford. Hill, Hoar, Johnston, Jones of Florida, Kornan, Luniar, Matthews, McCroery. Morgan, Ran dolph, Ransom, Saulsbury 25. Faired re spectively for roport nnd against Maxey with Butler, Waillelgh with Burnslde. Win dom with Davis of West Terginla, Dennis with Withers, Whytho with Wallace. Absent or not voting Messrs. Armstrong. Cook' red, drover, McDonald. KcPherson, Morrl- mon. Sharon, Thurmnn, Voorhoos 9. CONTESTED CASE. The Colorado case was disposed of in tho House on tholSth. Mr. Butler in a speech favorlngfithe sending of th0j5oaso;bttokito THE CRISIS. CHILLICOTHE, LIVINGSTON CO., MO. THURSDAY, DEC. 20, 1877. Colorado, warned his Democratic friends not to send Patterson, who manifestly was not tho choico of tho pooplo of Colorado. Ho thought that all electoral machinery of returning boards, electoral commissions, or anything olso which stood between tho will of tho people and a fair count of votes ought to bo swopt away. Mr. Patterson, one of the claimants, had been permitted to speak iu his own behalf in reply to the speech made by Mr. Hale, in which Mr. Hale had characterized him as a vagrant nnd mendicant, and spoko of his claims ns ono of pronouncod and unblushing audaci ty, and said It is not always that beggars are blamed, circumstances sometimes drove thorn into poverty, but a coward and villi dor is always that from nature or from his own choosing. If, after tho statemont which I propose to make, tho gentleman from Maine does not feel inclined to rlso In his place and ask pardon of tho House and even of a mendicant, then I think even n beggar would bo a prince beside him in prin cipal. Tho debate being closed, tho House proceeded, at hulf pust six, to vote on tho question. Tho first vote was on tho propo sition of a minority of tho committee, that Delfurd was entitled to a scat. This was negatived by a strict party voto; yeas, 110, nays, 128. Tho next vote was on n resolu tion that thoro had been no valid election. this was rejected; yeas 110, nays 117. When tho voto was announced It was greeted with applause on tho Democratic sido. Tho following Democrats voted with the Republicans la the ufflrmatlvo; Cutler, Stongor, Williams of Delaware, Potter and Willis of New York. Tho voto was then taken on the majority resolution declaring Patterson ontltled to the seat, and it was agreed to. Yeus, 11G; nays. 110. Mr. Pat terson was then sworn inns Representative from tho Stuto of Colorado. There is a lull in the Frost contest forMetcall's seat. It Is Intimated by mem. bers of the committoo that thoro is some probability that tho caso will not r press ed. Tho successful rejection of the Now York nomlnrtlons will be followed by new oneB, which will be submitted shortly. CRIMINALITIES. A nieumou I'rlest. Kov. J. J. liloomer, pastor of St. Patrick's Catholic Church in Elmira.N. Y., was oommltlod to jail for contempt of the Recorder's Court In refusing to answer a question put by tho Court in reference to a caso of alleged bigamy. Tho pastor stands on tho ground of professional confidence, not church discipline. Jly Force of Numbers. A Louisvillo telegram says tho Crab Orchard outlaws have all been hold to ans wer for murder and robbery. Tho display of armod posses has had the effect of main taining porfect quiet during tho trial. An Olid Fellow lifts Even, B. D. Koonz, cx-momber of the Penn sylvania legislature, hus been convicted of embezzling $1,200 from an Odd Fellows lodgoln Wllkosbarro. Koonz has applied for u new trial, Mobbvd. A mob surrounded tho county jail at Georgetown last week and forced the keys from the jailor and tookSchumme, tho no torious outlaw ond murderer, from jail and hung him. THE EASTERN WAR. The Turks Want Pence. A Constantinople dispatch Bays : The circular noto dispatch by the Torte to the signatories of the treaty of 1871, commences by tho statement that tho origin of tho pro scnt Important ovonts is perfectly known. The Imperial govornmont Is conscious of having done nothing to provoke the war. It has dono everything to avert it and hus vainly sought to discover Russia's motives In her nggrosslve campaign. Tho Porto Has shown a doslre for Improvement by ro-or-gaulzlng the judicial system, and devis ing reforms without distlction of rnco or religion, according to tho constitution, which has everywhere boon well received. A partial reform Is of no avail. The adop tion of tho improvement in ono part of the empire would only bo a premium to tho other communities to revolt. Any doubts as to tho exoeutlon of these reforms should disappear before tho solemn declarations tho Porto now makes. Tho state of tho war simply rotards suehirotorm and lis disas trous to the country generally, destroying agricultural lutoroBts, killing industry und ruining financial organizations. Indepen dently of those arrangements for reform, what reason can there bo for continuing the war? Russia has declared that sho Is not animated by a spirit of conquest. Mil itary honor on both sides must bo abun dantly satisfied. Whnt object can there be to prolong a contest ruinous to both coun tries? The momont has ftrrlved for the belligerent powers to accopt peace without affecting their dignity. Europe might now usefully interposo hor good officers, since the Porte is ready to come to torms. Tho country is not at the ond of hor resources, und is still prepared to fight In its own de fence. It 1b ready, moreover, to sacrifice all for independence and Integrity of the fatherland, but tho Porto is desirous of preventing the further effusion of blood, and, therefore, appeals to the feeling of jus tice which must animate tho great powers. hoping that they will rocoivo these over tures favorably. How They Met. A correspondent at Plevna telegraphs eoncornlng Osman Pasha's reception by the Russiuns: Grand Duko Nicholas rode up to Osman's carriage, and, for some seconds the two ohlofs gnzed into each others eyes without the uttorunoe of words. Thon the Grand Duke stretchod out his hand, shook the hand of Osman Pasha heartily and Bald: I oompllment you on your defonse of Plev na, it is ono oi tne most spienata military teats in history." Osman smiled sadly and rose painfully to his feet In spite of his wound and said something which I eould not hoar. He then reseated himself. The Russian offloors nil cried Bravol Bravol and all saluted respectfully. There was not one among them who did not gaze on the hero of Plevna with the greatest admiration and sympathy. Skeleton Turks Cftptnred. Special advices from Buoharest puts tho number of Turkish prisoners taken at Plevna at 40,000, and the number of guns captured at 400. The ground which was the scono of sorte was literally strewn with thousands of dead and dying. Osman Pasha himself was severely wounded before he would consent to surrender. His valor, which is doscrlbed as dosporato. Is every where the.Uieme.of conversation. The suf ferings of tho Turks woro intenso nnd actu ally awful. Cold, dlseaso and famino had decimated their ranks and rcducod tho sol diers to living skeletons. To Aggravate tho suffering thero was no doctor, and no medl cino could be obtalaod. The i'rospect. Thero has been an ndvanco in all classes of Russian socurltlos on the Lon don Stock Exchange Tlioy maintain great flrmnoss notwithstanding tho largo realiz ing by general sulos of stocks that have been thrown upon the market. Tho general tone of tho London press is to urge the government to seize tho prosont opportu nity for mediation while It may yot not bo too late. Sofia must bo captured before long, and that accomplished, no Important obstaclo romalns to prevent tho rapid ad vance of tho victorious Russians on Adrl anople. Kiisslan Lostes. According to official returns, tho Itus slan lossos in the fighting preceding the surrender of Plevna wore 12 officers and 1H2 men killed nnd 45 officers nnd 1,207 men wounded. The Turkish losses in killed, wounded and prisonors. Including ten pashas, one hundred and twenty-eight staff officers, two thousand officers, thirty thous and infantry nnd ono thousand two hun dred cavalry. Soventy-seven cannon wore also captured. The first batch of prisoners, numbering ten thousand, have already started for Bucharest. Attempted Assassination During the operution ngiunst tho cit adel of Autovurl, tho Prlnco of Montenegro, has been inhabiting u house belonging to Mahometan Bey, In tho town of Atitovari. Sunday an attempt was mado to assassinate tho Prlnco in Iho house, which was mined and blown up. Tho Prlnco was, fortunate ly, absent at tho timo. Ono of Ills body guard was killed nnd six Injured. lS'o IVai-e In Theirs, News of tho fall of Plevna was receiv ed at Constantinople with calmness and for titude. Journals urge resistance to the last. Tho Turkish parliament was opened by the Sultan, und all the Turkish dignitaries and foreign embassadors wero prosent. The speech from the throne was reserved In tone, and alludes neither to peace nor me diation. l-'onghc I.lko Lions. A llussinn official account of the cap ture of Plevna confirms tho detailed ac count already telegraphed. It says the Turks fought liko lions. Soven l'ushas were captured. A Free City. It is said tho suggestion has been mado by tho British cabinet that Constan tinople bo made a free city under tho guar antee of European powers. THE FALL OF PLEVNA. An Account of the Dtmperute Flghtlnc. Full particulars of tho capture of Plovnu aro sent by a correspondent at Be got. It appears that a council of wur hold on Saturday last. It was decided that the moment hud arrived to attack Plevna by storm. The following day a torrillo bom bardment began and at early dawn on Mon- lay a general action commenced. Six col umns of attack were formed, each muster ing 12,000 men, and a reserve consisting of no less than 30.000. The lire of tho Hussion siege guns suddenly coased and the liusso- ltoumanina storming columns threw them selves against tho advance Turkish re- loubts. There they met with desperate re sistance. After exchanging volley after volley with telling effect, a hand-to-hand light ensued. No nunrtor was claimed or ?lven. AVhon tho first redoubts woro cap tured not a prisoner was taken. Tho storm ing columns then advanced on the inner lines whoro tho main force of Osman Pa sha's army wus massed. Tho Ottoman chief, seeing that further resistance would be useles, ordered a retreat northward to ward Widdln. At this critical moment the Russian nnd Roumanian field artillery re serve advanced as fur ns the heights imme diately commanding tho upper portion of Plevna and opened an enflluding lire which made terriblo havoc among tho Turkish troops In tho valley who wero proceeding to attack the positions just occupied by the enemy. Tho Russian battories attackeil over and ovor again, but In vain, tho object of these repeated onslaughts being to divert attention from tho main body that was ad vancing In tho opposito direction. In tho heat of the fray Osman Pasha placed him self at the head of his troops, and pressed forward as far as Oponesch, situated about three mllos from Plovnn, with evory hopo of breaking through the Russian lines. But before ho could do so ho was mot by the Russo-Roumanian resorvo. Oponesch lies on tho right of tho high road that bor ders tho river Vid and a largo rosorvo force bad been posted thoro in expectation that Osman Pasha would attempt to rutroat on widdln. This forco was well supported by artillery that had boon placed on tho heights in front of Dolni-Etropol, It was In a plain botweon Oponesch and Dolni-Etropol that Osmun Pasha and his bravo followers mot with their disaster. Russian guns swept down wholo compnnlos and tho ground wns soon covored with dead and dying. Here, too, Osman hlmsolfwns badly wounded in tho head und foil Benseless from his horse receiving turthor injuries from his full. Seeing their commander hors do combat, and possibly supposing him to have been killed, the Turks began to lay down tholr arms. Tho Russians had already entered Plovna. Victory was in their hands. Ten thousand dead and wounded Turks lay on the Held. Not a vestngo of provisions was anywhere to bo found. The oivll popula tion had hardly enough food for a day, and tho ambulances had baroly accommodation tor a tow hundred woundod. The number uf prisonors is estimated at 40,000. Four hundred guns were captured. The Russian and Roumanian loss is considerable but the figure is not yet known. To this account of tho fall of Plovna I must add a few words destined to throw some light on this all- important event. I hold, on indisputable authority, that, shortly after the last re pulse of the assailants, Prlnoe Bismarck exproBsed the opinion that the next attack would probably be more successful, as the Russians would receive good advice. A bun die of documents, supposed to be plans for the siege of Plovna, Blnco then reached Russian headquarters from Berlin and there is no offloer in the Russian and Roumanian armies who does not believe that Todelben's plan of attack was based upon the good advice to which Prlnco Bismarok referred, TEXAS TROUBLES. Open Hostilities. The troubled between the Mexicans on botli Bides of tho Rio Orando und the citizens of Texas broko out afresh in El Paso county on tho 14th, and a dispatch of the following date suld: "Fivo rangors and nmorchant named Ellis was killed by Mexl cans yoslerday. The Stuto troops aro en trenched at San Ellsaxla, surrounded by a mob of several hundred Mexicans from both sides of tho river. Tho Governor has telegraphed to recruit men from tho nearest points in Texas and New Nexlco, to aid the State troops." But tho govermont was not inclined to believe that tho facts warranted the belief that tho troubles wero other than local. A Washington dispatch of tho ICth said: So far as can bo learned tho unfriend ly movements aro nearly of the same nature as thoso which woro tho subject of atten tion from tho War department some months ago, whon tho question of proprletoishlp of certain salt pits in El Paso county caused much trouble there. Tho 'government does not consider that tho troubles aro in any degree international. Tho dispatches wero, however, promptly referred to tho Secreta ry of War, who, after oonsultnt Ion with Gen. Sherman, gave directions for tho mustering of forces In Texas, In such positions as will give whatever aid may bo necessary to pre vent any assault upon Americun citizens or their property. Moro G reason. Mexican troops continue to march to the Rio Grande. Moro than 1.000 cavalry wero reported between San Luiz, Potasl ami Satillo on the 15th. Others were fol lowed In the sumo direction. Scvoral bat talions of infantry wero on tho road to the sumo point, nnd somo artillery were to be sent by sea from Vera Cruz to Mutamoras, The troops aro said to bo wellofllcored.aud armed with improved guns. GENERAL NEWS. M mortal to MncMulloti. A deputation of Senators and depu ties from tho department of Vosges and the city of Nancy presented a memorial to President MacMuhon relativo to tho do pressuro of trade, and entreated liim to placo himself In direct communication with moderate Republicans. Tho marshal was much effected, and (declared he had no personal ambition and was indifferent al ke in regard to Count Do Chambord. Cotinl I)e Paris and the Prince Imperial, and would muintaln Republican institutions until WHO. He assured the deputation that ho was ac tuated by tho best Intentions, and would do nothing that was not dictated by his con science nnd the Interests of tho country. Uncertainty as to the formation of tho cab inet continues. Largo Colony for Kansas. Aurora Homestead Association, con sisting of 114 German families, of Cincin nati, have purchased fifteen, sections of land In Ford county, Kansas, on the Atchi son, Topeku& Santa Fo railroad, and In tend locating there. A portion of the colo ny will remove to their new locution this month. Tho price paid for tho land aver ages $4.10 per acre. jiiiimii miuirn. Tho nomination of E. A. Hoyt for commissioner of Indian affairs wns also the subject of somJ debate, but was confirmed without much opposition. The Indian af fairs commissioners wero unanimous In re porting It favorably. Filial Holler Explosion. Tho boiler iu Clark & Buck's machine shops at Vlncenncs.Ind., exploded, instantly killing John Miller und James Lohmun. und seriously Injuring Wm. Dolsen and Dan Lynch. Several others were slightly injured. The Marsh Harvester Assigns. Tho Marsh Harvester Company has made an assignment to Mr. Stark, of Syca more, III. C. M. Marsh is president, and J. D. Eastor. of Chicago, owns half the cupltul stock, which Is $200,000. THE MARKETS. WEEKLY OltAIN REVIEW, Wo are indebted to Messrs- Powers, Lyndo & Co., of Kansas City, for tho follow ing reliable review of tho grain trade: Wheat Both winter and spring wheats have ruled with greater firmness in our homo mtirKct during tno woeK past, nnd values show a fair Improvement. The news of tho surrender of Plovna has unset tled the market, and opening prlcos were 1 to 2 i lower: later, however, thev rallied. und at this writing they have partially re covered. What effect upon values this dis aster to tho Turkish army may havo In the near future Is uncurtain, and depends en tirely ns to whether it will loud to a prompt peaceable settlement, or tho intervention ol other powers. English markets have for the week shown no chnngc, but are one penny to two penco per centul higher at stocks In Great Britain havo re ceived their regular weekly increase of 1, 000,000 bus,; the total kuireiwe to stock for ten weeks ondlng November 17th being 13,- C13.M4 bus. Of those supplies. Kussiu con tributed a weeklv avoragu of 1.000,000 bus., and now that shipments from this source nave ceased till tno spring, more is no pros pect of England receiving more than is necessary for actual consumptlod from all sources during tho winter. Farmers' do- llvei los in ureal Itrltnln continue to oe very light, and outturn on threshing vory un satisfactoryholders not disposed to soil at prosont prices, Reports conoornlng tho root crops moro than confirm the previously anticipated failure throughout Sootland and Ireland. This fact will nocoBsnrily in crease the volume of grain consumption, and at a time when tho harvests have boon most deficient in quality and quantity. Our "vislblo supply" has fallen off from 12,(113,752 bus. on Nov. 24. to 11.C62.573 bus. Dee. 1. Export clearances for the woek ending Doc. S wore 914.409 bus., a gain of 250,000 bus. over previous wook. Tho general movement to intorior points tnd tho seaboard has materially declined. notwithstanding the prosent lavorubie nrices. and indications are pointing to a very general desire on the part of holdors to si una on for n further advance. With suoh a disposition on the part of our producers, and while our markets are experlensing a nervous ana unsettled ieei ling. nny marked appreciation in the Old World markets would stimulate values sh our own. Corn Correspondingly with whent. corn ha t eadlly Improved from tho docline at the opening of the month, and value of both cash and futures have reached a hlgh-ai- nrnire than dnrl nir Novnmbnr. Tlie appreciation is aue mainly to iigm deliveries of the old crop and backward condition of the new, Foreign markets are unchanged. . Our "vislblo supply," Deo. 1, was reduced to 6.757,702 bus.; export clearances had in creased for week ending December 6, 400. 000 bus. from previous week, and general movement to seaboard from intorior points has fallen off. Two weeks more of favor able weather will bring about a large move ment to market. Rye The rye market has boon dull nnd spiritless during the week, scarcely nny taken for export, and borne demand light; values are easier vlth Boilers disposed to make concessions. Oats In our local market prices have raid firmer, with futures at a fair premium. Outside markets, however, show no Im provement, the general movement to sea board and for export, being less than for NO. 17. somo weeks past. "Visible supply" Dec. 1, i.Oai.dltl DU. Freights No change In freights. All rail rates on grain from Chicago to New York 40 per centul. Now York Wheat steady; No. 2, Milwaukee spring $1.32. Rye, western, 70 and 71c. Corn, firmer; High mixed, 65c white western, 69c. St. Louis Whoat steady: No. 3 red, $1.21 Corn 47c; Rye, steady, 56c. Cattle, best shipping steers, $4.50 & $4.70; Texuns $3.25 $3.75. Hogs, packing. $4.00 $4.40. Chicago Wheat, higher. No. 2, spring $1.08; No, 3. 101)4; Corn, 42c; Oats, 24";. Cattle, Colorados, $2.85 $3.95; Texuns $2,50 , $3.25. Hogs, mixed puckers. $4.20 $4.30. Light, $4.20 $4.25. Kansas Citt. Whoat, winter, No. 2, $1.1! No. 3, 1.05?4; Corn, No. 2, 31e. Ontf. No. 2, 18. Cattle Colorado native stoers, $3,25; Texas stoors, $3,25; packing cows, $2.40. Hogs, packors, $4.90 (i $4.00, stockers $3.20 ffi$.'i.50. II Kill HATS. Wli Milk HatH Are Itenr KfforlH to re duce the 'OHt orl'i-oiliirtioii. New York Wurlcl. For sonic lime past there has been a movement on font among the silk-hut manu facturers to memorialize Congress for the abolition of the modification of the present duly of 00 per cent, ad valorem n silk nlu'sli, of which silk huts are made. Mr. Robert Utiiilap, of Dunlap & Co., isoncol the nr-tive men in tse movement. lie suys thai In-fore the wur, when the duty was on ly SI) per cent., there was a great deal mure plush imported than there is now, and the revenue to the Government wns propor tionately larger. Since the imposition of the present high rate and the consequent increase in the price of silk lulls, lliei rsale litis materially ilecreasrd. The plush used in the inuniiiacluru of these hats cannot be used for nny other purpose, but it is classed in the taritl list with other kinds of plush which are employed for the manufacture nl' dresses nnd other articles of wearing ap. purcl. Silk plush cannot be made in Ibis coun try. A number of experiments have been tried, and over .2.")II,U00 has been spent iu the effort to produce a similar article here, but they failed, lliouc;li workmen, looms, nnd material were till imported from France. The reason fur this is that our water has certain chemical properties which, when used for dampening the silk prior to the application of the healing process which imparls the glossy appearance, turns it brown and spoils the material. The smile is true of English water, so that in England il has been found impossible to manufac ture sik plush, which is all imported from Franco, where one manufacturer in Ly ons supplies llic whole world. The Amer ican silk-hat makers claim that, ns the im ported Freeh plush does not come ini-oinpe-tion with any similar goods of home make the protective duty is unnecessary and un- just. 1 esieruay a nunioer oi iiiaiiuinriuicis met nl the factory of Dunlap & Co., No. 101) Mercer street, to take nclion in the miitler. The trade was represented by all the leading housrs of the cily, among llieni being Dunlap, Atnidou, Hunt 4; I)u seiibciy, Espencheld, .Miller, and liccbe. There was also representatives of the trade from St. Louis, Chicago, Cincinnati, Bos ton nnd Philadelphia. A scries of resolu tions wtis adopted (lecliuing that the silk litil trade is now in a deplorable condition by reason of llic heavy duty on silk Htisli : that it is rated as a luxury und taxed (ill percent., when it should rank us raw material and pay only 20 per cent., and that unless this burden is removed the inunufuclurers will soon be forced tn close their shops. Tho resolutions further de clare Hint u reduction of Hie duty cm plush to tho old rate of 20 per cent, would increrse the revenue by a revival of business. The meeting then appointed Messrs. Morris. Dunlap and Cook a committee to proceed to Washington lo lav the matter before Congress, aud urge the necessity of imme diate relief. It is said Unit if the duty on silk plush is reduced the immediate effect will be a reduction in the price of silk hats. These are selling now nt $7 and $8 in the host stores, anil ill other stores, where they are made up with Inferior finish nt $5 nnd (II. If the duly on plush is modified the deal ers say that it will be possible to sell the best stlk hats at (5, aud even less. V Little Hoy Kill it Huge .Panther. llalncKV Ho Times. On Saturday evening, Nov. 3, little George Boston, son of Wm. K. Boston, went out in tho Santa Fo swamp, near his futher's place in Alachua county, Fla., and came suddenly upon a large panther making ft meal on somo nice pork. Little George being an expert with his gun, crept up as near as ho could and fired upon tho boast, strik ing hin with seven or eight buckshot, ono of which entered tho right eyeball. Tho panthor got caught in a grapevine. George iired again, but this time it was small shot. The panthor then turned and took to a tree. Georgo had three buckshot nnd a bullet left, so he loaded again as soon as possible, and that dis charge brought tho beast to the ground, dead. All this timo the mate to this one was only a short distance in the swamp from Georgo, growling. George said that if ho had had any more buck shot he would have attacked the mate, but not having any, ho skinned the one he had killed. I saw one of the pan ther's paws, taken off nt the ankle, and am confident it would have weighed two or two and a half pounds. I think his track, while running, would have cov ered a space the size of a dinner plate. The panther measured eight ana a unit foct long. His skin is now to bo seen at Wm. K. Boston's. A Senee of Wheat. Prof. David Swing in his sermon in MoVicker's Theater, Chicago, on Sunday 2d inst., said: "A groin dealer of this city found, a few yoars ago, that his mind was being transformed into a sense of wheat. As the eye is a sense of light, nnd the ear of sound, and the tonguo of taste, so he had displaced all these by a new sense a sense of wheat. He arose early to learn the latest quota tions East, he sat up late at night to figure at the margins of the iast or next million bushels, aud of wheat he dream ed, amid it he ate and attempted to think or talk. All else began to disap pear from the world; literature, religion, friendship, amusement, were all flying out of the window while wLest was com ing in at the door. He was one of those minds which concentrate upon one point. There are minds which, like a sun glass pour all rays upon one spot. This man was rescued from insanity, and perhaps suioide, by his having caught one gfmpse of the coining ruin. With a powerful will he limited bis thoughts of trado to about four hours a day, and outside of those hours, came to him home, and play and books, and friends nnd his world widened out into some thing beautiful." How to Temper Ourl'llmate. A writer in Atlantic Monthly for December, in discussing the North American climato, refers to our national condition as compared with that of Europe, points out the cause, nnd sug gests a remedy. Tho buried tropical for ests on tho shores of Greenland indicate that our land was not always as at present the battle ground of bitter cold and burn ing heat, but was once bathed in a mildly-heated atmosphere. Tho cause of this change must bo songht, according to tho methods of modern Bciencc, in the gradual effects of Bomo permanent force. Streams of heat pouring from the sun with equal force iu every direction, are unequally distributed over the spherical form of tho earth; at the tropics where tho direct rays of tho sun aru received, tho cxpanso power of heat causes a system of movements which spread warmth widoly north nnd south. The principal medhuiisof this distribution are the ocean currents, though winds have somo share iu the lubor. Tho gulf stream is the most important enrrying agent, nnd but for n tho tropics would be several degrees hotter, the polar cir cles colder in a corresponding degree, and the world rendered fnr loss habitable As the ocean currents in going from tho poles movo faster than the regions they continually cuter, their paths aro north east nnd southeast; and as this condition is perpetual each ocean keeps within its own bnsin a circulation of heated water, ,1.,.,,, ,.t it, n n.imitor crowinc shal lower aud shallower as it spreads toward the pole, but carrying even lino mu lue tic circle Hourly as much heat as is cast f i, i... ii, n r,,,-u,,f tl.c son. It is evident that the intervention of any body which turns the ocean cun-c-ut from its path will lin n linn-or fill ucetit of climatic change It is held, therefore, that tho conformation of the two comiiu-nw which causes tho Pacific gulf stream a,,-.,.. r,.m ll.e enlist of A Sill, to IISC- lossly discharge great volumes of heat into the bay lormeit ny ine convt-iK"K shores of Asia and Africa, is tho princi- mil sitiitun ("if ftiiu lit! fiivnrubln climate. The tropical water is beaten back from the shores, very little uniting ".v through the narrow passage of Behring Strait. If tho low districts of Eastern Milwirifi mill Wnut orn Alaska could be sunk a few hundred feet beneath the sea, tho Pacific current, liko that of tho At lantic, would How uninterruptedly to tho pole, the temperature ot nio arewe regions would be raised some thirty .l.,i.,..u llw, .-,..,!!,,, of flu 'IVniiwriito Zone would spread northward, and vast torests would take the place oi ineiess expanses of snow nnd ice. Tropical boat would also lie lowered, the winds from the north would blow over fields nnd woods, not icebergs; our cliumte would become mild und crumble, mid the life- sustaining power of our northern lands would be doubled, rue tnoory is, im-ii, that the gradual lifting of this barrier between the trouical current and the pole has been the refrigerating agent in our climatic change. And tho remedy suggested is tlm opening of a passage through the Alaskan peninsula, forty feet iu depth and 100 miles wide. As tho Atlantic writer intimates, this is a work ,,P rrt-,t momiitmln fllllll lifts OVl-r bo- fore been attempted by man, and will not perhaps He eltecteu ny mo seni"u n-,,,-1,1 Jlnf if iititjnnu wntihl llsn the life u"iutn,l i tbir nrmiesflllll tirisOUH. and the millions Mpiandcrcd therein), in tliisuni ertaKing, an oiicunigiur munii labor would be offered, much that is now worthless would be mado profitable, and the world would tako a distinct forward step. Frozen to heath Before the Kyt'x of II In rui-enlH. Ten nto Mull. A disaster is reported from Coboconk, County of Victoria, hale one iilleriinim Inst week, a son of Mr. .1. Campbell, saw a deer crossing a small lake in the neighbor hood of his bilker's farm. The lad resolved lo follow the nniintil. Away went the ilccr across the ice, nt full speed, and after it rushed flic 1kv, who was very lleel-footed. Suddenly, and when ubout four hundred yards from the shore, the ice begun lo ruck. Still the boy run on. All at once llic ice gave wuv under him, nnd down ho went, lie managed lo keep himself 1mm being drawn under the ice, but failed lo Mini anv stromr cnotiirh to bear his weight; and as effort idler effort failed, the daring youth saw that all he could do was to en deavor to reach a rock about filly yards nil. llv the dint of the most strenuous endeav ors by half running and half dragging bis omiv uirouiiu ine ice ine iieioi m'.r rem"he(l the "rock. All this lime he bud been crying for hell). When lie readied the rock he renewed his cries with greater vigor. He wns heard by his parents, win) rushed lo the lake side. The night was bitlerlv cold, vet time and again did the grief-stricken parents attempt a journej over (lie ice, only to Hud it give way, and themselves thrown in inc ten iny coin liter. What was to be done? Father anil mother, wringing their hands, rushed along the lakeside in vain hope that Ihcy might find n boat. Neighbors, also, engaged iu the search. The boy sat on the rock for several hours; the Shanes ot evening sun touiid him there, Willi no hopes ol being rescued; his cries for help became fainter and ruintcr. His parents saw him make a signal willi his hands, nnd then observed thut he tell into the water. All was over; Hie lmv wns sillinir on the rock for hours. drenched to tho skin, and had perished through sheer exhaustion in Iho sight of bis purents, who were powerless to save nun. A Bullet-ProofHknll. Chu-latton New and Courier. Yesterday afternoon, about 5 o'clock, Joo Pinckney, alias Jim Blake, a notor ious tliief, who has just served out a three years' sentence in the Penitentiary entered the store of Mr. J.N. Hesse and stole a ham. While the rogue was in the act of walking off with his plunder be was discovered, and the alarm wasgiven Officer Grafton.who wns on the boat, gavo chase after the fellow, who dropped the ham and made off as fast as his legs could carry him. After a race for at least ten blocks, the thief arrived at the Butlodge and Broad street pond, and, being closely pursued, dashed into the water and defied the oflloer to takehiui, threatening that if ho came near him he would kill him. Offloer ft-fnUnn tl,A drnv hid r)vnlvr. and told the fellow to oome out or he would shoot him. TIia nAffrn iltill maintained his at titude of defiance, and the officer fired at him. The ball took effect in Blake's head above the ear. glanced around the skull, and come ont through his hat on tne otuer Blue, witnout lanioiiiig uuj serious injury. Not relishing this sort of business, and fearing that the next shot might not strike so impervious a part, Blake waded ont aud quietly con sented to go to the station house, were he is held for examination by the Mayor today.