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The crisis. (Chillicothe, Livingston Co., Mo.) 1877-1878, February 28, 1878, Image 1

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The Globe-Democrat savs. tho ccner
al publio will be astonished to learn,
this morning, that Mr. J. Fred. Thorn
ton is a dofunltor, as Circuit clerk,
to an amount as high as $00,000; but
those who are in any degrco intimate
with the personal habits of a majority
of our local officers will not bo at all as
tonished, but will rather bo on the look
out for more of the same sort. The
truth of tho matter is that one-half of
the men in public positions similar to
that of Mr. Thornton in this city are
chronic gamblers, and that tho vico of
gambling is encouraged and protected
in St. Louis, instead of being punished
or prevented.
Now that tho silver bill has been
practically disposed of, it would bo well
for Congress to givo its attention to the
present bankrupt law. It is safo to say
to say that no existing statute is so un
satisfactory to the honest merchants of
the country, or so well calculated tu
promote dishonesty among business
men. Many of its provisions are no
more or no less than direct premiums
on fraud, and their disastrous workings
rc to bo seen on every hand.
Dispatches received from every lum
bering point in Michigan show no snow,
and log hauling dragging slowly. Jfot
to exceed 25 per cent of the expected
product has been banked in tho state at
largo. Of the 600,000,000 feet expected
in the Saginaw district, only 120,000,000
has been banked, whilo tho cost of lum
bering has been increased fully $1 per
thousand. Fully 75 per cent of tho cut
is still on tho skids.
Tho duke of Wellington didn't know
everything, but this is what he said fifty
years ngo: "There is no doubt it
would havo been more fortunato and
better for tho world if tho treaty of Ad
riauoplo had not been signed, and if
tho Russians had entered Constantino
ple, and if tho Turkish Empire- had
been dissolved."
Tho remonotizution of silver will not
revolutionize trade it will not, ns the
(IrapUlu says, bring about good times
at once ; but it will serve as a brake nu
tho trainuf disasters ; it will probably stop
any further shrinkage, substitute hope
for despair, revive credit aud turn us
from tho darkness toward a better time.
As a father jumped from a buggy ii
Pallas, Tex., his pair of high-mottle'
horses dashed away with his little ton
year old daughter. None but a Texas
paper would venture to tell how sho
gathered the reins, and stood 'em up on
tho ends of their tuils.
J. I Wall, of New York, 1ms been
sentenced to- fifteen years' imprison
ment for kicking his wife to death.
'Hanging would appear a better thing
for a brntn with so much murder iu his
soul. Then the question conies up
again, if hell is not a necessity?
Tho debating Boeioty of tho district
school in tho most obscure corner of
t Clark county, Ky., after on exhaustive
discussion, havo definitely decided that
thore iu a hell. The society is soon to
settle tho question of tho nature of eter
nal punishment.
Notwithstanding tho iniuieiiso grain
trado of Odessa, ltevel, and St. Peters
burg, there is not an elevator at either
of thoso centres. 15tit an American
(inn has just made a contract tu bnihl
, ouo at St. Petersburg ns soon as peace
is declared.
According to tho Moflfet register, the
people of liiehniond, Vu., average about
4,000,000 drinks a year. Tho popula-'
tiou of liiehniond is about 52,000.
Memphis has fined n man $50 for
putting on the petticoats. They nro
afraid to tackle tho woman who wears
tho breeches.
About ono-hnlf of California is Hood
ed with water from a twenty-four hours
rain. It never "rains but it pours in
It is said that Senator Jones, of Ne
vada, has lost tho greater part of his
immense fortunes by bad investments.
There is a prevailing npprehonsion of
troublo iu London and tho stock mar
L ket is correspondingly dull and Hut.
The "Western Eeviow of Science and
Industry", published at Kansas City,
has comploted its first volume. Col.
Theo. S. Case, editor and publisher,
made a bold venture iunttempting to
establish a journal of this character so
far west of tho centers of wealth and
culturo, but in scienco as well as indus
try the West will soon be abreast of tho
East, and wo will no longer look to
Now York and Boston for tho sole
means of education. Thero is no rea
son why thought upon subjects both
scientific and industrial should not be
ae vigorous in the aotivo West as in the
sedentary East. That such is the case
this magazine has already demonstrated.
and tho vigor displayed iu its pages
"job boon acknowledged and compliment
ed by tho best scientific journals in the
To do np old shawls. Scrape one
pound of soap, boil it down in sufficient
water. When cooling, beat it with the
hand; it will bo a sort of jolly. Add
throe tablespoon fills of spirits of tur
pentine and ono of spirits of hartshorn.
Wasn tlio articles thoroughly in it, then
rinse in cold water until all tho soap is
taken off, then in salt and water. Fold
between two sheets, taking care not to
allow two folds of the articlo washed to
lie together. Mangle, and iron with a
very eool iron. Shawls done in this
Iwray look liko new. Only use the salt
ffiioro there are delicate oojors that may
a p
The bill to restoro to tho pension
mils the mimes of soldiers of tho war of
IHll, whosu names wero stricken out on ue
I'ount of ilislovalty, ciimn up In the Senate
on th" Will. Mr. Inirulls said ho was on.
poso.l to tho whole system of gratuitous
pensions as proposed by the bill, willed was
to (.'rant pensions to all survivors of the
war of Ml:! who served in the military or
navai service loiirlccn dues. Ho was in
favor of pon-doi.lni those who were wound
ed nnd disabled in the service, but nould
not favor the, granting of pensions to per
sons merely because they entered the ser-
Vieo. If such gratuitous nensiotis lte e-ii'en
how would Congress bo able to resist the
appeals lor pensions which would come In
15 or 20 years from this time from thoso
who served in the lain war and were not
wounded? Such legislation ns this was
prompted by sentiment, and when Congress.
In 1871. departed from the svstem of grant
ing pensions only to those who were dis
abled It took a dangerous step. Jlr. Ogles,
by opposed the 5lh section of tho bill an
thorizlng tho restoration to tho pension
rolls thoso nersons whoso mimes u-o,-
stricken therefrom on nccount of dlslovnl
ty, and movod to strike it out. Mr. Blaine
said every soldier who served In tho war of
ion must nave noon at least sixty yours of
ago when tho rebellion broke out, and tlicy
wero now nearly eighty years of ngo. It is
Impossible Hint these men could hnvo done
anything active against the government of
mo which oiutes miring tho into war, and
It was not to bo expoeted that thev would
break their family ties n ml eomonoctli .!,
tho war broke out. Mr. Ingiills said tho at
tempt to arrav the American Congress
against n few old men was an Indication, to
his mind, of a spirit which would lead a
man to strike a wmniin or kick a habv.
An extended discussion was held iu
the House on nionotarv matters In connec
tion with tho various bills now In different
stages of progress before that bodv. though
nothing of importance resulted, i'ho pro
posed measure for retiring national bank
notes and substituting a new Treasury note
In lieu thereof was referred to and will bo
brought up in a few days.
On tho 20th. in the Senate. Mr.
Cnekrull submitted n resolution Instructing
tho commissioner of agriculture to furnish
tho Nennto such Information and facts as
nmyho in lilslnososslonrolntlve to the disease
of hogs, commonly called liog cholera. with
such suggestion-, ns he may deem pertinent.
Agi-ccu ui. inoiuii to regulate the com
pensation of postmasters was then taken
up, and an amendment proposed by Mr.
Hamlin, providing Hint tho President nnd
Vico President of tho United States. Hon-
ators, Itopresontatlves and Delegates in
Congress, secretary of the Semite and clerk
of tho House of Iteprosentiitives may send
nnd receive free through the malls nil writ
ten and printed communications not ex
ceeding two ounces In weight. After a
brief discussion as to tho nronrielc nf rn.
storing tho franking privileges tho amend
ment wis agreed to yens, I):!, nuvs, 21.
The bill was then read a third tlnio nnd
Mr. Chaffee submitted in tho Senate.
on tlie 21st an amendment to tho bill here
tofore introduced by him declaratory of the
meaning of tho Ilfteentli section of tho Tii
cillc railroad act of July 1, miki, so asto au
thorize tho President of the Culled Htates
to appoint, by and with tho advice and con
sent of tho (innate, n person skilled in tho
management of railroads, to bustylvd tho
Paeille railroad commissioner. Tlio com
missioner, whoso duty it shall bo to estab
lish rules ami regulations, siibicct to tho
approval of tlio Secretary of tlio Interior,
to govern tun operation and use of several
railroads of the Union Paeille railroad and
branch companies, nnd secure to the pub
lic nnd government all advantages of com
munication, travel and transportation as
stipulated and dollued In several nets of
Congress relating to the operation anil use
of said roads as one connected continuous
In tho House after tho transaction of
somo business of minor Importance, the
silver I i 1 1 was taken up. Mr. Stephens
having an hour to close tho debate di
vided tlio debate iu small portions, rang
ing from half nn hour to ek-lit minutes.
Tlio main question having boon ordered by
a oii u toi (o u, (no uouso proceeded to
vote upon the Benuto nineiiilnients. Tlio
llrst amendment, providing that silver shall
bo a legal tender except whoro otherwise
ospressly stipulated In the contract was
concurred In. l"(i to 5. The second amend
ment was that which strikes out tho free
coinage feature of tho House bill and In
serts a provision limiting tho eolnngo of
sliver dollars, and providing that any gain
arising from that colnago shall bo paid Into
tlio treasury, was concurred; yeas, 20:1,
nays 71. The noxt voto was on tho third
amendment, proposing an international sil
ver conference, which was agreed to; voas.
113, nays, 71. Tho next, voto was oil tho
fourth amendment, authorizing the Issue of
corlillentes In exchange for silvor coin. It
was agreed to without division. Tho other
amendments wero simply formal and were
concurred In without division. Tha bill
now goes to tho President for his approval.
Washington N'otc-K.
After tho adjournment of tlio House
about sixty members who wero In favor of
tho ronionotiziition of silver convened in the
room ol tlio conimitteo on judiciary. Thoy
wore called to order bv Mr. lluckner who
announced that tho executive committee
had agreed to call the association tho sil
ver union. Mr. Bright thought thero wore
serious objections to tho 1)111 as It wns re
turned from the Senate. Ono wns as to tho
limitation of coinage, nnd another thostrik
ing out of the feature of frco colnago from
tho House bill, He wanted to make some
protest against It. for this wns discrimina
tion against both persons nnd metal; tho
holders of gold wero privileged to have
their gold bullion colnodfrooof charge, and
citizens and foreigners could benefit aliko
in tnis respect. A discrimination against
silver should not bo made, as silver to bo
coined under tho bill was to bo a full legal
tender In payment of nil debts. What rea
son was thoro for discrimination against
ii (n ino manor oi coinngor jar. wrtglil or
fercd a resolution, as follows: That tlio bill
should lie reported as It camo from tlio
Ho said thev had been here thrnn months
on it. and It was evident, thov h.ul mnrie
(ioeldod movement to carry a silver bill.
When it passed ho thought as a mattor of
courso tho President should veto It. Ho
had no doubt or that. But tho Houso eould
pass tho bill over the voto by a majority of
two-thirds. By accopting tho Bonate bill
thoy mndo the measure certain and siiro.
Free colnago was n small mattor. Mr.
Haskell said ho was no admirer of Secreta
ry bliormnn and his financial policy, but
for two yours past tho Hocrotary and tlio
Director oi tl'.o mint navo said that if tho
pooplo want tho dollar at iliV. grains thov
should havo as much as thoy wantod. So
far as thoso gentlemen could control, tnoy
would put four million in circulation every
month. Mr. Phillips called attention to the
fact that It romonotlzed silvor, and declar
It to be unlimited legal tender. Ho thought
tho truo courso to pursue wns to tnko the
two points gained. While he was not In
favor of the amendments of tho Senate, he
would take thorn if ho could got nothing
bettor. Ho said thero wore bills ponding In
the committee on bunking and currency to
carry out tho purposes of this bill. The
ouostlon wns disposed of, agrcolng to the
monon inai mo oui snouiu no referred, to
morrow to tlio committee on banking am
Friday bolng Washington's birthday
both houses adjourned over to Monday.
Leo Xllllli, the Title ortlie Mow Pontiff,
On Wednesday, tho 20th, at 12:80
p. m., Cardinal Catnront appeared In tho
grand gallery tt the Vatican Basilica and an
nounced In customary form Card In al Pood's
succession to tho papacy. Tlio bystanders
cnoered most enthusiastically nnd a largo
crowd soon assembled, densely thronging
tho opon space In front of the Vatican and
approaches thereto. At 4:30 the nowly
elected Tope, surrounded by all the cardi
nals, appeared In the Inner gallery of tho
Basilica. Tho crowd shouted, long live the
Pope! Th Holy Father at length mudo a
signal for silenco, then Intoned tho Bono-
dicitc, and pronounced a benediction. After
this tho cheering was renewed, and eoutln
ucd until the people wlthrow. Tlio etrouin
stance of the election nro as follows: At
tills forenoon's ballot Cardinal Pioel re
ceived 30 v.d"8. which win 5 short of the
requisite two-thirds majority. When the
voting was dtii-hcil and tho papers were
burned, Cardinal Franehi. nnd thoso hold
Inc tho samo views with him. advanced and
knelt before Cardinal Pood. This example
bolng followed by othors. Cardinal Pccci's
election wns accomplished by tho method
known as "by adoration.
Count Tcgur Informed the Popo that Be
proposed to present him with ono million
frnucs as tho first donntlon of Peter's penco
from tho French Eplscopals. As soon us
tho result of tho elecllon became known.
bells In all tho churches of Homo wero run;
nnd diplomats went to tho Vatican to con
gratulate tho now Pope, Perfect order pro
vails everywhere.
rccci has a lino head, high forehead, nar
row nt tho temples, long fneo and straight
features. He has a largo mouth, large chin,
cheerful, opon countenance, largo and
well-shaped oars. He reminds ono of Con
sulvl, tho renowned minister of Pius VII.
Ho has u fino. sonorous voice; great dlgnl
ty, even nustorlty of manners la public life,
but privately Is iiffcctionntc, unassuming
and a witty Camorllngo. He has been the
head of that parly which, without formally
renouncing the rights of the holy See, ack
nowledges tho wisdom of submitting to tlio
decrees of providence, excepting what
seems irrevocably accomplished facts. The
general opinion is that for learning, tact,
energy, dignity, amicability, real moral
worth and sincere piety the Sacred College
could not find a more deserving Popo than
Cardinal Feed. Ills private life at all peri
ods Is above reproach. He has considera
ble literary talent and has written poetry.
He has never had intercourse with func
tionaries of tlio present Italian government,
but is esteemed by them all. and those with
whom tho necessary round of his duty
brings him into contact are perfectly
ltovlew of the Situation.
Tlio condition of uncertainty still
continues throughout Europe. A speech
of Bismarck in tho Gorman parliament was
received In St. Petersburg with great satis
faction, but tho samo speech seemed to
give an ciual degree of satisfaction on the
other side, so that Its significance is ex
tremely problmatlcnl. England's Autrallan
colonies are adopting measures for coast
defense, and tlio purchase of materials (if
war by tho British goes on steady. An of
ficer oi the horso guards nrrived at Bristol
on tho 2'2d, accompanied by a veterinary
surgeon, to purchase five thousand horses
for the war office. Tho officer stated that
this is part of n purchase of twejty-one
thousand horses which has been ordered.
Tho government has purchased nnotiier
Iron-clad, built for Turkey. It mounts ton
twelve-ton guns. Tho suspicion Is wide
spread that tlio government intends dis
solving parliament about Kustertlmo.
Baden-Baden has been ehoson as the
place of meeting of the peace Congress and
Earl Derby has announced that England
will not dcvlato from the usual courso of
sending an embassador. It Is said that
llussla stipulates for a date by which time
a treaty of peace must bo signed at Adrinn
ople. Thero aro 20,000 Russians lit Tehn
lulaljii, but thoy are not advancing beyond
that place. Tho Russians nro fortifying
ltodoston, It is stilted positively In tho
lobby of parliament that tho government
has recelvud private Information that the
Turkish licet Is to bo surrendered to Bus
sin, and that a part of it has already been
Attiludo ofGermnny.
Bismarck, in the Germau parliament
last Wednesday discussed separate tho pro
visions of tho preliminaries of peuco, and
showed that Germany's interests are not
affected in such a manner ns to obligo her
todevialo her previous attitude. Ho de
scribed the apprehensions respoctlng the
Dardanelles ns not justified by tiio actual
situation. Regarding 1 ho position to bo
takon by Germany, he said ho could not
now give tiny ouiclnl information, ns the
documents had only coino into his posses
sion on that day,
Tito TurklHli Ironclad.
A draft of the peaco conditions con
tained tho stipulation that tho principal
Turkish ironclads should be ceded to the
Russians on tho ground, othorwlso tho
porto might soli them to England. Tlio
sultan objected to this stipulation. Ho said
ho would prefer to destroy the vossols, and
premlsod not to trnnsfor thorn to any for
eign powors. Tholncldonttormlnatedby tho
sultan undertaking not to soil lron-clads to
England, in consideration of which Russia
wltiidrowher demand for their Immediate
Considered I'nsatlHl'itctory.
Tho Times editorially says it consid
ers the situation vory unsatisfactory. Eu
ropo is aimed to tho tooth, and is increas
ing its urmiuncnts dayby day. In such cir
cumstances the country can but give Its
oonfldoneo to the government nnd trust
that thoy will bo able to control tho dan
gerous susceptibilities which hnvo on all
sides been aroused.
Colonizing- lluclinrcfft,
A Paris correspondent says according
to a telegram from Bucharest, fresh Rus
sian detachments are arriving in Itouma
nla. several of them without urms, and It is
bolloved they aro destined to form military
colonies In Bulgaria.
Turks and Greeks.
Tho Turks have re-taken Platano and
entirely destroyod It by firo. Tho Greek
Insurgonts, after a bravo defense, rotired to
Six Men Hob a Train In Texas.
A railroad train robbery in Texas is
the latost. Tho south bound train an the
Central was boardod at Allon station by six
men on the 24th, who robbed the express
car of $2,600. Tho train had hardly drawn
up at the station whon a man jumpod Into
the englnoor! oub, covering him anil th
fireman with a revolver, five other raOD
attempted to enter tho express ear, when
Messenger Thomas showed light, firing
three shots at tho robbers, hitting ono it Is
thought, and I Win him. The robbers llred
fiyo or six shots at tho messenger, rushed
In, overpowered him, cut the bell oord and
had tho train in a swing. Uncoupling the
express car from tlio train they ordered the
engineer to pull over on n sidetrack, where
tlio mo isener was forced to open tlio safo.
from which they abstractcd$J.5i)l in money,
overlooking a package containing about
W10. The robbers wero all masked save
tho ono wiio covered Iho engineer. The
passengers wero completely demoralized,
and thinking that they would be visited, a
general scramble ensued iu tho seereth'ii
of money and valuables. They wore not
molested, however. Ono of the party pro
posed going through tho passengers, but
tho loader commanded him to keep his
plnco and come on. After securing the
booty tho robbers raonnted their horses,
hitched a short dlstaneo from tho depot, and
took a northwestward course. There wcro
enough malo passengers aboard to capture
tlio robbers but they were so badly demor
alized that with the exceptlou of tho con
ductor and Capt. WolTorson, who attempt
ed to nrouso the passengers to action there
was no disposition to resist them; shown.
Simultaneously with the firing, a man rush-
ed Into the passenger coach in groat frigid,
and as lie hurried through said, the robbers
numbered between fifty and sixty. At 12
o'clock, Superintendent ijuinton telegraph
ed the city marshal that a car would be at
his service by 1 o'clock, which was taken
and the pursuit of the robbers commenced.
Our llonils In KiiKliiiid.
The Times says tlio United Stales
bonds havo surprised many people by ad
vancing, instead of falling, on the news
that Iho silvor bill had passed in a manner
that will insure its becoming a law iu mudi
the present shape. Wo havo always said
tlio public were not selling their stocks to
any nppreciabie extent, and tho weakness
which has now and then characterized tin
bonds was duo as much as anything to tie
passing fears of dealers and specuhitlvi
selling, which only made tlio market hard-
or. Hence, on receipt of Isow lork prh es
and because tho worst was known tho mar
ket naturally roo by tho mere efforts of
those who had sold to buv hack. Besides.
It lias been noticed that the limitation put
upon tlio quantity of silver that may be
coined within a given lime, is Itself tanta
mount to making silver a subsidiary' eoin-
itge. at all events for some considerable
time, so that then.' Is little alarm foil, so
holders stick to their bonds. Tho only
thhigthat will lower the prices of those or
any other high class stock just now is d. ai
cr money.
ltoml War la C'rlltl-itt Missouri.
The people of St. Clair, Henry and
some othor interior counties of .Missouri
are holding mass meetings upon the coun
ty bond question and tho attempted on
forcemcut of payment by legal process
through tho United Stales e.iurts, which
has ju.-t been inaugurated. The resolutions
adopted arc very strong, and in some in
stances declare that payment shall bo rc-
Istcd by every possible means. They de
clare that tho bondholders have put eoni
promise out of Iho question by adopting
tills course. Tho county judges of several
counties havo been ordered to appear be
fore the U. S. court at tho March session
to shew cause why they do not order n levy
to pay the defaulting Interest on thofo
bonds, the great bulk of which wore issued
a few years ago iu aid of various railroad
enterprises. The action of tho court will
then bring tlio long pending troubles be
tween tho counties and .bondholders to a
Indiana Democrat Iu ('iiiiveullon.
The State convention of tlio Indiana
Democracy was held at Indianapolis, last
k, and resolutions adopted declaring
that national bank notes shall bo retired
and In lieu titereof there shall bo issued by
the government an equal amount or treas
ury notes Willi full legal tender. After tho
adoption of tho resolutions tho convention
proceded with the nomination for State
officers, witli Iho following result: For
Secretary of Stato, John G. Shanklln; for
Auditor of tho Stato, M. V Munsou; for
Treasurer. Wm. Fleming; fo.- Attorney-
General, Thomas V. Woollen; tor Superin
tendent of public instruction, J. II. Siuiirl.
tho present Incumbent,
Comln. to Spy nut the Nliid.
Lum Bing, a prominent Chinese mer
chant of San Francisco and connected with
officials of high rank In his native country,
has recently returned flora China. Ho
states that In thren or four months a Chi
noso war vessel, wllh American officers and
a Chinese crew, will visit thls.'port, bring
ing us pussongcrs a Chinese consul to this
port and a largo number of Chinese army
officers of rank, who will mako a tour of
observation through tho country. Ho de
scribes tho (amino in the northern provin
ces of China as terrible.' In ouo district,
Santong, last year, out of a population ol
about 00.000 about 80,000 died of starvation.
The New l'opus Announcement,
rope Leo tho Thirteenth held a con
gregation of Cardinals on tlio 21st. Ho an
nounced that an Encyclical to tlio Catholic
World would be dlspatehod that day, an
nouncing his doelsion to tho Pontifical. It
has boon decided that the Popo shall for
the present leave tho Vatican. It is said
the Pope will eontinun tho policy of Ills
predecessor. The coronation of Loo XII.
was strictly privato, nud took plaeo In
Blxtino Chnpel on Sunday tho 21st.
A Destructive Fire.
The beef packing houso of Nelson
Morris, of Union stock yards, Chicago, the
iargost In thoeountry, wason'.iroly destroy
ed by lire Inst wook. Twelve hundred car
eassos of beef, two'v ! hundred hides, ouo
thousand barrels A tallow, and two dogs,
ouch valued at $100, wero in tho building.
The finn estimate the loss at $120,000 to
$150,000 what Is onlv known, Insurance
was $10,000 on tho building and fixtures.
Tho ooutonts wero uninsured.
Itnnde the Murdoror Convicted.
The jury in the Kande murder trial,
after bolng locked up forty hours, returned
a vordlot, finding tho prisoner gully of mur-
ler, fixing the punishment at imprisonment
for lite. A motion for arrest of judgment
was ovorrulcd. Previous to sentence. Rando
said he was guiltless of murder; that sover-
al witnesses had Bworn falsely against him.
Ho was Immediately takon to Jollet heavily
Ironed and under guard ol several ofTlcors.
Remorse aud Suicide.
Edward L. Goodwin, oity cloik of
Now Britain, Conn., and formerly of the
police court thoro, was arrested last week,
Oliargoi with misappropriating $35,0013 while
police clerk. He took poison at night nil 1
Temperance I'uity,
The State prohibition convention of
Ohio nominated the following ticket: For
secretary of State. J. N. Robinson: judge
or the supremo court, Win. F. Ross; board
of public works, D. bock.
Wo aro indebted to Messrs- Towers,
i.yndu Hi Wright, of Kansas City, for thu fol
lowing reliable review of the grain trade:
Wle'iit The exciting political events In
Europe during tho past week occasioned
exirenio lluetiiutlniis In prices nt bread
stulfs, tile advance up to the loth, last,
am uniting to 7c a bus. mi belli spring and
winter wheat. At present writing tile news
of Russia's withdrawal from the original In
tention r.f marching trnnps Into Constanti
neple has brought ahi.ut a reaction, and vnl
lies have declined to the quotations (da
week ego. Continuous unfavorable weath
er for country deliveries has been nn Im
portant aid to speculators operating for 11
rise in our nonio marseis,
MiTers, unprepared for so lengthy a
weather embargo on their supplies havo
been caught during tlio excitement and be
came buyers nt cash grain at any price to
no ct their contracts. Railways suffering
tioni tlio unusual lack of all demand for
transportation have been giving most r.i
voruMo inducements to shippers, and re
ports are prevalent of "Cuts" in all dirce-
ii. ns. so that relatively the Intrinsic value
of food product in our western markets Is
lower limn at any time during the nasi lour
Any further material decline In foreign
markets would bo more slmi ply fell In our
interior markets, ns further concessions on
tlie part of our railway managers is scarce,
ly probable. The frequent reports as to 1 lie
surplus wheat of Russia continued very
ontradictory. One week, we have reports
d millions of hushoN of excellent ' 1 : 1 bu
tt seaboard points readvi'or shit. meat at
the instant peace is determined, ai anoth
er time, it Is said millions of Mi. Ids are
rolling at railway stations iiiSouihern Rus
sia for want ol transportation; that the late
.rop was oniy an average one in quaintly,
indtliat Its condition, in a great nan.
Ills it for anything but distilling nam s.
From all accounts it seems certain that in
my event, but little of Russian wheal will
ilnd Its way to tlio markets of western Eu
rope before tiio later part of April.
Imports into Great BiiMin show no Im
provement, being little 111 , e t linn are uleio
lu'elv neepssary for daily e 1: oiniptioli.
The proniise'of the growing plant is fa
vorable, and aside from the stimulus of war
".vehement. Eierllsli country markets are
ruling easier. Mow long iho present quiet
eomlitloii may be Ut'elltlll be,l depends Upoll
111" result of iho Cohfefei ,f the powers
now about to meet to adjust the war Isoies.
We look for tlie usual rumors of furiher
complications to sens nl.nud in the inter
est oi speculators, but an1i''ipa,oasaiisfae
tory settlement between all parlies con
cerned, as Iho final outcome of the le
lii'orutions. Corn Wltii tlio advano In wheat earlv
!!' week, corn showed some sympi'hv',
111 1 11 high-1 rang') of prices was cstab'ish-
d. whi -h has boon steadily mulmuiii"'.
Arrivals of our new corn in England are
cot satisfactory, lending to diminish or-
Receipts at interior markets have I n
light owingli ntiiined unfavorable weath
er. Should the present favorable wenih'-r
continue, we look Torn large iiioveiueii'.
Export clearaiiei s for the week ending
F"b. 1:1, were l.aiH.2iin bus., a reduction d
ll'O.OOtl bus. from previous Week.
Rye In Ibis grain iho chief feature was
an ueiivn foreign d. niand. resulting in
clearances for Europe ol :i:;,71s bus. Values
have I n steady and improving with ac
tive inquiry for homo inaiiufucliires.
Oats Tli-- re lias been an abset of any
toieigu iieniand. tlie homcdemaiid continu
ing fairly steady, with prices In favor of
I relglits Reports of special rates to
seaboard points are various, though dim
cult to establish. It seems to lie the general
liellef that thoy are as low as any thai have
moved grain before the organization of tin
liiillitiKire W'hciit, dull; Xo. '-Jrctl win
ler, l.','ML; cash; s!.:;i) March. Corn.
steady; mixeil western, u'.1c ea.-li or
Liverpool y, neat, weaker; winter, lis
lo I In till ; spring, ills Si I In IDs 10d. Corn,
new, '.'7s :iil to t'Ts lid ; old, 's fid to JSs !M.
New York Wlic:it,uiol ; .No. S Chicago,
Ifl.'.'l lo ifl.'.'li; .Ml.'.' .Milwaukee. Sl.'.'T Id
ifl.Vli; red winter, I. fill lo Corn,
quiet; No. 2, .V.Hicio lille.
Chicago Wheal, unsettled: $l.0.V'.;
March ; ,l.()ii April, 'urn, 41':,'c rush!
II '.ic .March ;.ll .',,: April : 40!,.f: Mav:dl 1 ,0
oH'cied lor June.
Milwaukee Wheat, quiet; if 1.0(1 cash,
i?l.U5'ji Kchruury; ifl.Oii March ; SI.IWV
April; No. It, ifl.ilO.
Toledo Wheat, slcadv; No. 3 red
Si.'-'nl.,' eiish; if l.'.'l i, March; No. II, Sl.ll
cash. Corn, quiet ; 4'2.:,C cash, lti1.,c May.
Iteieclcil, lil'.ic cash.
Si. Louis Wheat, quiet; S1.!l-if March
or April. Corn, quiet; -11 ic Mured ; -II a,,e
April ;.l2!,c May.
Kilnsus City Wheat, No. !l, cash, $1.09
bid. $1.10 asked. Corn. So. '1, cash, U1V.
Oats. No. 2. cash, 21c bid. Rye, No. 2. cash,
lllc bid. Cattle (lood to choice, steers.
I.2.V!'I.40; native oxen, f2.7a('(;i.t)0; corn
feil Texas, $:i.iH)"rtl.aii; Blockers. 2. iSi.c.l.oe.
Hogs Packers, 53.5thf,.55.
The Foot nml the found The Antiiiiii-
ly or These l ulls.
The foot and the pound arc found in
every country, nnd have evidently been
derived directly from tlio llomans. lint
they can claim a higher uiitiijuity, for
Mr. Chisliolm traces their origin to the
Babylonians or ClmUlirniis, who, ns
units of length, used both tho cubit and
ho foot. Ihesn wero subseintentlv
adopted by tlio Kgyptians, who intro
duced considerable variety, so that there
is no little confusion between the ditTcr
erent kind of cubit and foot. The
natural cubit, of about eighteen inches,
and tho foot, which was two-thirds of
this length, wero transferred to Greece,
and, the cubit having fallen into disuse,
the foot became tho ordinary standard
of tho ltoinnns. At tho samo tiuio the
double cubit, which wus enuiviilent to
three feet, would appear to have surviv
ed in tho form of tlio ell of mediieval
Europe, nnd in that of our own yard.
A b all theso measures wero originally
derived from tho proportions of the
human body, soino caution is necessary
in referring their origin to remoto anti
quity rather than directly to tho length
of tho forearm or of tho foot. It must
bo admitted, however, that the coincid
ence of length among all civilized na
tions is very striking. Tho derivation
of tho pound weight is moro complicat
ed. The earlier Tower pound appears
to hnvo been of Roman origin, being
picsuiiioui.) mcuucui wiui 1110 VJrccn-
Asiutio mina, while tho hundred-weight
corresponds to tho talent or weight
of a cubit loot or wator. Subsequently
the Troy pound was substituted, and,
for commercial transactions, the old
pound avoirdupois, from the French
pound of sixteen ounces. It is evident,
however, that our weights nud measures
in tho dork ages wero in an unsottlcd
state, and subjeot to arbitrary altera
tions n, tho will of tbo monarch,
The I
dfe of the foninimnii reonle
IX Iicale ,Vrt ol Hospitality.
tlir.iii'l Tiiyl'irllltlic NcwYnrk Tribune.
binei! on both occasions, I visited
hjiain without a single letter of intro
duction, anil traveled cliiolly 011 horse
iiiteii. 11 Happened that 1 knew notli
ing whatever of tho ways of living com
mon to the middle and higher classes of
society, lean only renort eoneeniHio
the domestic habits of tho common'
people, the bulk of tho population
1 here was one custom, indeed, nrevn-
li nt among tlie better class, which I had
an opportunity of loiii'iiing; in Seville
nnd liiutiada but 1 should be doubt
nil whether it still exisls. It is one of
those urn-lent, almost poetic habils of
society, which disappear with the 111
crease of travel. It occurred to me
several times, on entering a cafe in eitl
Or Of till) tWO CltlOS T loivo toeolboowl
that, on calling tlie waiter to pay liini
lor tue enocolato, or rice, or whatever
else I might have ordered, ho replied
It is paid already senor." "Hut who
paid it? was my natural question
1 lie waiters reply was, invariably "i
don't know who it was." If I 'then
say, "Show mo which gentleman it
nas, lie always answered, He lias gone
away." It was simply an ancient ens
torn, which suggested the relincd ami
imlile hospitality of the Arab nice.
Somo native gentleman had perceived
111.1t l was n loreigner, and hud liimsi
paid. my bill as a welcome to Spain. In
order that I might feel no obligation, 1
w is not allowed to know linn, ami the
waiter answered 1110 in accordance with
tins ancient and sacred rule. I have
never found, anywhere else in the
world, a courtesy so generous and deli
cate. Tlio Oriental 1 nb!t of saying, "Mv
lioii--c is yours, or "at your disposal,''
is retained in sspiuii. ho is the univer
sal custom among the people, high and
low, never silting down to eat without
inviting all who may be iieeideutitlly
present to partake of the cheer. The
conventional answer is "Many thanks;
may it he good provision fur von! -yet
if any one, tlirou;;h ignorance or press
ing need, should accept, he would cer
tainly receive his share. In traveling
Udin .Mexico to ci ii Cruz by stage, a
good many years ago, I found il almost
impossible to pay for a meal. Bonn
one of tho native passengers was suit
to have settled iu advance with the
landlord for tho breakfast or dinner id'
tlie whole company. This is not a nu n
matter of ostentation with the Spanish
people, or they would not take such
pains to conceal their hospitality. It it
an inherited habit, which has almost
tho force of a religious duly.
Ill strict connection therewith, anoth
er custom prevails, which I first learned
in Andalusia. I had hired a horso in
(iniiiiida, for the journey to Gibraltar
by way of Malaga and Honda, and tin's
included a second horse, with a niozo
groom, guide, companion, and servant,
in one. I was fortunate iu having a
guy, lighlheiirteil. holiest fellow, who
shortened the way for 1110 win-never
tlio rough bridle-path was wide enough
for two to ride abreast. When we hal
ted nt noon the first day to Iced our
selves nud the horses, Jose went into
the kitchen and helped prepare the
meal, then, when all was ready, lie
washed his hands, conly ..ok a scat at
the table, and helped himself to the om
elette and stewed kid. I vwis rather
surprised, but said nothing. In the
evening the snnicthing happened again;
and linaliy, on the third day, Jose hav
ing become quite frco nud coiilidiiilial
toward me, said : "You are not liko (he
Kiiglislimcn senor. I have traveled
with tliiin, and they won't allow mo to
cut with tlicni.accordingto our SpumTli
custom. Well, when that happens, I
den't go into the kitchen, except for
myself, and they don't fare well as you
do, I can tell you!" He was right ; it is
tho ordinary habit ot the country ; and
1 must say that not only ,1ose, but all
tho oilier attendants I employed in
Spain conducted themselves like gen
tlemen its my companions at meals.
This and oilier similar customs evi
dently account for tho democratic uian
ners of tno Spaniards. JCxeept the
Arabs, 1 do not think there is a more
dignilied and self-possessed race of men
in tho world. A timid or cniburussed
Spaniard is n phenomenon. The mnu
or woman lowest in tho social scale
even tho beggars iu tho streets will
talk with a grandeo of tho blue blood,
or the king himself, not only without
cringing, but without apparent confu
sion of manlier, One great charm of
travel iu Spain is the circumstance that
Iho traveler may feel himself perfectly
free to speak to every 0110 whom he
meets, sure that n civil remark and
an honest, genial manner will lead to
immediate, cordial acquaintance. The
ease and frankness of the women is
something very delightful. I have
found tho same chaineteiistic among
the country women of Sweden, who are
of Gothic blood; nud it still lingers, ns
a relic of past maimers, in somo of the
older parts of our country.
Iu Andalusia tho perfect self-possession
of tho race is more evident than in
Catalonia, where, as thero is more
strength of character, so there is more
reticence Tho mixture of Saracenic
ancestry in tho peoplo about Granada
nud Honda is clearly to bo seen, not on
ly in complexion and features, but in
manv n hrases. which havo been sininlv
trniisliilcd, not changed. The children
havo tho samo precocious dignity as in
Egypt and Syria. I shall never forget
the gravity of a boy of 10, who, after
lighting mo to my bed in the garret of
a little mountain inn, said: "Are you
afraid?" I laughed, and answered "No!"
Well, he remarked, "you miglit got
afraid in tho night. If you should,
just knock on this wall" (pointing to itl
"I sleep in tho room on that side, nnd
when I hoar you knock I will get up
and oome to you." Anotlier boy,
quito a child, once said to me, with n
faeo liko a revival preacher's: "You
must not sit near tho window. There
are depraved people in the streets, and
as you are a stranger hero, you would
not know them, and they might lead
you into temptation." The 'innocence
in these oases was so genuine that one
eeuld not laugh at tlie little fellows, but
only bless then).
Chocolate cako. Ono cupful best
butter, and two cupfuls of sugar, beaten
to a cream ; ono cupful of sweet milk,
tlirio nnd ono-hnlf cupfuls of sifted
lloui ; one teaspoonfr.l of cream of tar
tar sifted in the Hour; one-half tea
spoonful of soda, dissolved in a very
little hot water; tho whites of four opgs
well beaten, and tho yolks of six; mako
a frosting with the whites of two eggs;
one and oiic-hidf cupfuls of powdered
sugar, six tablespoonfuls of grated choc
olate, one tcaspooful of vanilla; frost
when the cako is warm.
I'icklod oysters. Put 100 large oys
ters with their liquor in a procelain ket
tle; salt to taste. Heat slowly until tho
oysters are very hot, but not boiling.
Skim out the ovslors carefully and Hot
aside to cool. Add to the hot liquor
ono pint of white wine vinegar, two
lozen whole cloves, tho samo ot whole
b'ack p -ppi'i's, one large red pepper cut
in pieces, I,et nil boil up about two
minutes, and pour it scalding hot over
the cold oysters; cover them up and
et aside to cool. Tho next day place
them in glass jars with patent covers.
Ivecp them 111 a dark cool place.
Minced veal. Cut sonic slices of cold
"oil into small bits-or dice; take tho
old gravy and add to it a half-pint of
boiling water, one tenspoonful tomato
ir walnut catsup, the grated liecl of one
lemon, pepper nnd salt. Simmer it w'.th
the meat slowly fur hall an hour; then
idd half a toasiiooiiful Hour made into a
thin baiter and pour it into the gravy,
tiinng it rapidly. Jioil for ton min
utes; turn in one-half cupful cream, or
same quantity of milk with n small picco
lo! butter: let it boil up. Servo on a
hot platter garnished with sippets of
fried blend.
Peanut candy.- - Eoil one pint or less
f good molasses for ten minutes: then
idd a heaping tablespooiiful of brown
sugar; let it boil until it burdens, btir
the most of tho lime to prevent burn
ing. Test it by dropping a small quan
tity into n glass of cold water. If it bo-
comes hard and crisp ri move it nt 1 iico
from the fire. Have '11 square tin ;iio
1111. well bultered and filled to ier-
llowing with shelled nuts; be sure to re
move the inner red skin ns well ns tho
l'our the scalding molasses very
lov.lv all over the nuts.
To stew dried npplcs, peaches, quin
s, or pears. Tnko three pounds of
lried fruit; wash it iu lukewarm water.
through three or four waters, rubbing it
Hid. Pour 011 tins live quarts boiling
ater: boil at least three hours. Just
n lore taking from the lire, add twe tea-
upi nico brown sugar. Do not stir,
pt occasionally, to prevent sticking
o the bottom. Try to cook the pieces
f fruit separate, except tho apples,
hieh run through n colander and scif
iti wilh nutmeg. The other fruits
IK I'd 110 SCiOCllill".
To clean silver. Table silver should
cleaned at least mice 01 twice a week,
11 I can easily be kept in good order
.ind polished in this way. Have your
In-h pan ball lull (d l'oiln:gwater;ph:co
silver 111, so unit it may becomo
111-111 ; lin n with a soft cloth dipped in-
o the hot water, soaped and sprinkled
itli powdered borax, scour the silver
then rinse in clcii'i, hot water; dry
ilh a clean, dry cloth.
Moth patches on the face. Add about
0110 teiispooufnl ol pulverized Dorax to
bi'.siu of water when washing tho face
"tiling nnd evening; or a more con-lii'-ut
way would be to keep a qtiunli-
already dissolved ill a bottle of wut
. and pour it in the wash-basin ns of
11 as needed. Twice a day is quite of-
11 enough to use it: and the motli-
itehcs should sUmly disappear in
iout ten days cr two weeks.
"Gen. llobert I.cc" cake. Ten
:gs, one pound sugar, half a pound
mi', rind of one lemon, and juice of
ic-iialf lemon. Make exactly like
ponge cake, and bake iu jelly-cuke tins.
then take the whites of two eggs beat
a froth, nud add rue pound sugar,
- grated rind and juice of one orange,
juice of half 11 lemon. Spread it on
: cakes before thev arc peifectly cold,
nud place ouo layer oil another, llus
quantity makes two cakes.
Lady cake. The whitcsof eight eggs'
hi aten' lo a froth, three cups Hour, two
eiqn sugar, one cup butter, creamed
with the sugar, one tenspoonful cream
of tartar iu the llouv, one-half tenspoon
ful soda in one-half cup of sweet milk,
in-at all together, and bake in n mould
or snia'i! pans. Season to taste.
King's pudding. Heat six eggs; add
one quart of sweet milk, one pound of
white sugar, one dozen of soda crack
( rs, four large apples cut in very thin
slices, mid a little salt. Spice to tasto.
ilako about two hum's.
Cassa rolls. lioil some Irish potatoes
until iptito done, mash then smooth
and ad-l an equal quantity of Bait meat
--Ik pped line. Mix with this several
wcil-beaten eggs, ouo spoonful butter,
some pi ppcr and salt, liako ill littlo
cakes like potato cakes.
Eggs a la creme. Six eggs boiled
hnt-d nud chopped lino, nnd stale bread.
Put in a dish ultcrnnto layers of
chopped egg and grated bread. When
the dish is lull, pour on ono pint boiling
milk seasoned with salt, pepper end
0110 tablespooiiful butter, liako n light
Cure for bono felon. One otinco
iissafiotida in one pint vinegar, as hott.s
the hand can bear. Keep it hot by
pliii'ing the vessel over tho top of a ton
kettle. Use it frequently through tho
.lay, nn hour nt a lime. A painful but
ell'ectivo remedy.
To remove ink from carpets. Tako
uji the ink with n spoon. Ponr cold
watar on the stained spot, take up the
water with a spoon, and repent this pro
cess frequently- Then rub on a littlo
oxalic acid and wash off immediately
wilh cold water. Then wet with harts
horn. An Anecdote of Lincoln.
From Iho Mun-h tjcrHincr.
While the ceromonios of tho second
inauguration were in progress, just as
Lincoln stepped forward to tnko the
oath of oflice, tho sun, which had been
obscured by rain-clouds, burst forth in
splendor. In conversation, next day,
tho President asked, "Did you notice
that Bunburst? It made my heart
jump." Later in tho month, Miss An
na Dickinson, in a lecture delivored in
tho hall of tho House of Representa
tives, eloquently alluded to the sunburst
as a happy omen. Tho President sat
directly in front of the speaker, nnd
from the reporter's gallery, behind her,
I had caught his eye, eoon after he sat
down. When Miss Dickinson reforred
to tho sunbeam, ho looked up to me,
involuntarily, nnd I thought his eyes
wero Buffused with moisture. Perhaps
they were, but next day, lie said, I
wonder if Mis? Dickinson saw mo wink
at you?" - . -. -

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