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IT v VOLUMK VII. CIIILLICOTHE, LIVINGSTON CO., MISSOUHI. THURSDAY, NOYKMHKU 8, 1883. NUMBER 12. Ckt .J i. I CUliRENT TOflCS. Montana has paid, in nil, $1,000,000 as internal rovouuu. Buffaloes are becoming scarce in Uio ranges of Nevada. Sf.nktoii Culloji, of Illinois, warns young mon to keep oul of politics. Antbiopk aru nuinurous in nnrthurn Texas, anil ihu sportsruon am happy. A bund man at Horsuhoad, N. Y., recently rocovored his sight by cutting wood. It is a crime in Washington terri tory to run a raco with an Indian, even for fun. A ma v in Franklin county, Tennes see killed sixteen ducks at one shot Josl , ceU. Faith cures nro becoming popular to manipulators of the cxehango do partaicnt. Six widows, aggregate nge.MG years, lira iu a bunch on a country road near New Haven. Papku gas-pipes are among the now inventions to be brought into use in the near future. i lit: nuns in niuiion, Montana, are on a strike, and eggs aru now sold at $1.50 per dozen,. An outorprising female, nf Montague, Tox., has given birth to threa sets of twins within the last six years. (i(ioi butter retails in Tucson, Ari zona, nl $l.J- a pound, wliilu egy, aro in dornnud at 0 "i cents per do. n. Onb of the former mayors of Mil waukoo, Wiseonsia, says lie would not take tho olll'o again for $20,000. AMaiiyi.and oyster nioasurud uighty flvo inclios in girtli. Maryland also boasts of a cabbage wilh seventeen heads. On tho person of a tliiof recently captured in II u tford, Conn., was found a draft for $1,028.55, dated Juno 21, 1814, A Wii.MiNuniN, S. C, meehanii! has built a buggy on tho bicycle principle, tho spoked ami tirm being of steel. It works nicely. Tub first Dohuminii settler came to Tuxos in 18,11, and thoru nro now lifty thousand living in the state. They are good and industrious citizens. Dan Le Vali.ky, tlio noted scout, has at last succeeded in liuding a pass ablo routo from thu MtHolcshoH river to Snoop mountain, Montana. A hynimcatf. of young Mormon saints has purchased a site on tiie west bank of tho Jordon, opposite Salt Lake City, and propose starting a town there. PitoFKssoit Swinu doesn't caro for a horse that goes it in loss than three miuulos. Ho says: "A raco liorso is of no valuo except for betting pur poses." A peach treo in Milam county Tex is, not content with raising two cropi of poaelios this season, iseniluaV' oring lo repeat tho performance, it being again in full bloom. Amino tho amendments niadu in thu Kpiseopal prayer book tiio words, "Lord, savo our rulers" nro to be changod to "O Lord, bless and pre servo theso United States." A nkhiid man in Austin, Texas, who found a linen envelope containing $2, 600 in currency, checksum! other valu ables, spent several hours hunting up tho owner, a Detroit man, and was re warded with a lifty-cent piece having a hole in it. Tut will of Mrs. Allison, wife of the Iowa senator, who mysteriously look lier own life, has boon admitted to pro bate. She loaves $.10,000 to her bus band, the samo to a sister, $10,000 to a brother and divides tho balauce equally among her husband and relatives. A room underground, 12 by 18 feet square, was discovered in tho jail yard of Vicksburg. It contained a dead man's bones, but no cltio to its history has yet boun discovered. It had been whitewashed, contained various articles of Union clothing, mid had evidently boon inhabited. Tho nn story of its origin is oxciting tint curiosity and in vustigation of the oldest inhabitants Canadian independence Is looked for by a writor for thu Cloveland Lend er, who is visiting Toronto. After speaking of tho militia's dislike of tho General whom tho Hritish government has put over them, the correspondent said: "A few difficulties like the presont, whoro authority and tho voice of tho people conflict, would precipitate Cana- dian Indepundunco. Not annexation However much Canada may ndrairo and imitate her nearest neighbor, sho evidontly doosn't oonlomplato breaking up housekeeping on her own account, sad joining our family. Thk Mormon Tabornacle, a corroi pondent of tho St. Paul Pionoor Press says, is the most wondorful whisper ing gallery in tho world. . When every body in It is quiet tho faintest whispoi may be hoard In the remotest part of the house. It will seat 20,000 porsons, There is no nieais of heating it, and In winter tho services are nom in an as sembly room that will soat about 6,000 porsons. The other largo odilioe In Salt Lake City tho tomplo, which was begun thirty years ago has cost, tho Murraons say, $10,000,000, and they will ronuiro $5,000,000 to complete it: but a Boston arohitoct rooently offered in diinlloato tho structure and flnlfh it within two vears for $800,000. Its walls an of solid granite, 9 feet 9 inches in tliieknoas. Tuev have roaoiod a helnht of about 100 ' feet, and the lx (QWefS Wll( f1 niflO?l W men 11Y TIIK WASIIK4, We stood for a 1 it I lk totjetlirr, 1 lie water kleslni: our feel : Around w glowi tl gad 1 right weather ; me morning ami ynu were sweet. I thought, as you steed there dr?auilng, ' t win Jen 1,1ml ll:htcil the day; Am (lie water, gUnelng Hiul gleaming Aim Hurrying ever aw ay. Vocal wtlh brief llgM Uushter Ah past viiu it Hcil to the pea. Seemed to l.ti.-r a little, ami after 1 tlllllK It ft:rtT'l wuu lilt!. Flushed with the wind and glowing, ruient you Ktoii'i awiiuc, Hnlr in 1 lie FtlitliC'it blowing, is-iillleg a dreamy finite. The water sang, I'Love is a treasure." A treasure," my mail rcpneil; "And the pain nf It, and Ha pleasure, Sweeter than all be-lde." Ami T Paw the wavelets irlltter, (ilail hut tnkl-s ytiur feet; And lite wltttt sang, ''Life tnaylie hlltcr, but loving c in miike II sweet." Ami lauglc'd ami loitered apotinil you, rturcly liuding ytei fair; And I hi' merry situ kissed and erownrd ynu, tjiieerj of the morning there. Kverytliing fair seemed tn love yen, Heemed proud at your feet to full; Am) the lark, singing iiiuh ithnve ou, Sang you were lie fairest of all. Ami scarcely a word was spoken, Hut our Simla to eaeh other spoke, Till Ilie dreamy spell was broken, And we started and smiled and woke. And so lu the glorious wealher, In the miirnlin: liliihe a-.id gay, Happy in beinglng'ther, Happily w iiitle-eil away. llnhrl A'. (7o7,r, in AiriVs Mi;fi:int. THE FASSHXIi Klt'S SKUtY. A Htarthnir War Kvmlnt.rence. The night mail upon tho Cumberland Valley railroad had readied the heavy upgrade a few miles beyond Kanakia station, when it became evident to the passengers that soniclhing had gone decidedly wrong. The speed of the train sensibly slackened; there came a seriesof tremendous jolts, accompanied by a cm-inns and unpleasant whirring sound, followed ill turn by a complete stoppage. A dozen heads were thrust inquisitively out ot I no car winnows. inn as many voices insisted upon Know ing all about it immediately. In those days of niagnilieent collisions and holo- austs the traveling mimic exhibits an astonishing degree of interest in rail way concerns, to tho great scorn anil indignation of ollieials connected. Vou have nothingto fear, said the conductor, who pas-cd through the car superb in gold buttons and dignity. 'Wo have struck an upgrade lull where an oil train stopped an hour ago. The tracks lire oiled ami the drivers don I taku hold. We shall got the sand run nin; in ball a minute." H was doubtless clear onoiigh to those who understood su ;h mutters, but to nio his explanation was mere jargon. As somebody onco said ol (jolernlgo s 'omnipiitarv upon ins poem "tnsia- bel," I wished he would "explain his explanation." I lie gentleman who occupied I lie scat immediately in front of mo, a Hue, mid dle-aged person, with an erect, military seemed to have no diliieuliy in making out tho slate of iill'iirs. He smiled and nodded with an exceedingly knowing look, and was preparing to selllo himself comfortably in his seat again when 1 tupped him un the shoul der and said: Excuse me, sir, lull what has oc curred? Tho conductor's explanation is Chineso to mo. What does ho mean by the track being oiled?" the gentleman turned auoiii ami need nio. "It is a simple matter," ho said imirlcmisly, "to those wno havo an idea of railroad allairs. The power of in engine depends on tho friction of the Irivers on tho tracks taking hold, ns it is called. If there is oil upon the ails, especially upon an upgrade, I hero is no friction, consequently the wheels spin around upon tho tracks without moving the train. Ah, 1 comprehend, said I. 1 could illustrate tho cuso by an ovont which occurred to mo on this Tory spot some yoars ago. I havo al- wavs thought it a very romarKaoie m- idunt, and perhaps vou may find it so. The circumstances I refer to look placo lurimr the war. I was at that lime adjutant in General Thomas' stall' dur ing the exciting and inomenioiis cam paign in tho mountains of Tennessee. If vou romoinuor, tnero weru many limes Hint il was feared that our hour had come. Our communications were frequently cut oft" and our whole com mand in uaugur of instant destruction. It was al olio of theso ,-insus that the event I am going to relate occurred. We were nl this timo entrenched upon a spur of tho hills around Chat tanooga, whithor wo had been driven bv ihu desporato courage ol wo coined erates. Our own men had fought bravely and well, but they wore ex hausted Willi long marches and con tinned action. Our own stores had run low, and hut ono lino of communica tion was left open to us Mini of tho railroad into the eastern ponton ol mo state. Hy a brilliant Hank movement the confederates succccdod in putting a lino across this one highway; and thoro wu were, hemmed in Tilto a wood- chuck in a burrow. Starvation or sur render stared us iu tho faeo. Ono or tho other of theso alternatives wo must accept in a few days nt mosl, unless some unexpected change took placo very suudeniy. It is perhaps difficult for us to com prehend the feelings of a commander, hitherto successful, and with the fato, perhaps, of a ualion depending upon ins action, placed in such a position as our general then was. I saw his face grow hourly more pale and dospairing, his step slowor and more feoule, nud his ontiro demeanor that of a man whoso lioart and spirit was breaking under tho strain. Hut Thomas was not llio man to yield until every re source had beon sounded to tho bot tom. And thero was ono resource yet left a despernto and almost hopeless ono, it is truo. "Forty milos to the eastward of us lav Stockton s command of nearly SO, 000 mon, serenoly unconscious of our danger and their own. Several days before Stockton had beon directed to occupy a pass In the mountains on tho left, and to hold it until further orders. Of course, unawaro of the predicament of the main army, ho would mako no movement for our rottoi. communi cations wero now ctit off, and it seomod a matter nf utter impossibility to re open thorn through the heavy line of confedt rates winch lay across mo rail road. Thomas, however, dotermlnod to try it, and I was selected for the dangerous, but honorablo duty of the attemnt. "We had reason to suppose that 'the eneniv had not destroyed tne railroad, and that if we wero not oapturod at the outset we might got an engihe through to Kanakia station, whore Stookton lay, "At tO;!)Q my orderi were given ine. and I inounte 1 the engine, which was either to carry mo to my death or savo an army. It was not a powerful ma chine, but it was tho best nt our dis posal, nnd in good order, fortunately. Ono of our men who hud been an en gineer, undertook to mamtgo the en gine, nnd another to llio it. It th wore cool, tried mon, but as wo stepped into thu Cab together I saw them shake hands with their comrades and bid them farowoll. Evidently neither of them expected to get through nlive. Tut in a coupio of extra tallow cans, John,' said the engineer. 'We aru going to make tune, ami I uxpect the old iimcliinowill heat up finely.' "Tho cans wuro stowed away in the caboose, tho engineer opened thethrot- tlo-viilvo, and amidst an impressive silence in thu crowd surrounding the starling point, wo moved slowly nvay. About two miles distant lay ihe first battery which the enemy hail thrown open to commaud tho road; beyond that were several more, to say nothing of the picket lines scattered along the tracks. So you see wo wero to run pretty warm gauntlet. "Wo had proceeded but a very short distance when there was a Hash and a report from tho shrubbery skirting tin roail and a bullet crashed through the window of tho cab. An oul post had already discovered us, and had given us a foretaste of what wo weru to ex port a little further on. "Let her oul!' I said to the cir ginucr. 'Thero is no uso iu Irving to hide ourselves. Speed is our only chance now. " 'Very good, sir!' replied tho ongi' noer, opening the valve as he spoke. Thu oiigino bounded like a spurred horse. On wo wenl, swaying from side to side, until it seemed that we must jump tho track. Meanwhile our friende along tho road weru not idle Bullet after bullet whistled by us, but fortunately, what Willi darkness ami rapidity of motion, nono of them rjaclied us. "We had now arrived in sight of llio hrst battery. Hy the lights movin hurriedly along tho parapet it was ob vious that wo were expected. As we passed abreast of the battery it gave us its hrst compliment in the shape m round shot, billowed by a storm of grape, ileru again thu darkl ess mid our speed saved us. Several of tile grape glanced oil the iratne ot ilo en gine without doing any damage, now ever. "'(rivnhor some more lire, John, said tho ouginecr giimly. 'If they hap pen to knock a holo in us willi one of lliein bits of iron you won't do no more liring, my b y, I can tell you that.' " 'Not in this world, anyway,' re plied Ihu lireman willi saturnine humor. 'I can't tell what I may do in thu next.' "Tho reckless bravery ol Hie two men iu the face of such daiuer shamed away my own arising tremor, and I folded my arms ami looked toward the battery, which was evidently preparing to give us anollier salulo. It came in tho way of a conical shot, witli so true an aim that it whi,.ed within a fool ol tho boiler and carried oil Hie bell, which fe'd Willi a clang upon the bushes. " Thank you,' said tho engineer, with a grin, 'we didn't need Hie hell, , anyhow. You can use it voiir.self to ring the dinner with.' "Hy this time we had passed out of range of the tirst battery and were un der tho guns of two more. Those works had been constructed to com mand the junction of our road w ith an other running soulh. Thero was also a station at tins point, and a- we whirled by I saw an ongino standing upon the siding with steam up. I caught sight of a minim r of men run ning toward il, and others busy with a car which stood near it. W hat they weru doing I could not make out, fur wo passed them liko a Hash of light ning. At this moment, too, Ihe haiter ies, which had probably received tele grapliic notieo ot our approach, opened lire upon us, and for a moment thu air seemed to he alive with slu hiking iron. "More lire, John!' cried llio on- eincor; 'ram her full to the doors, or il's all up wilh us.' "Tho lireman slopped to obey, but at thai moment a shell struck upon the caboose and burst within three feet of us. It was a t n-inch monster, nnd how tuv of us escaped alivo I fad to see. As it was, when thu sinolio and dust cleared away, I found the top of Hie cab goue, a portion of the ca'ioosu torn oil', and thu lireman lying iu a heap with one arm broken. " 'I nm knocked out, William,' he groaned, 'and who's to lire her for the rest of tho trip?' " 'I will,' said I; '1 think 1 can man age it "After placing tho poor fellow in as comfortable iiiwilion as pussmie, 1 seizid tho sliovol and bogau my now duties. "Uy this time wo had passed out of tho raucu ol tno nattenes, which now and then, however, sont a sullen shot in our direction, ns a parting evidence of ihcir irood win Wo aro satu, l said, Willi a sign of relief; 'that was their last lino of works. The road Is clear before in " 'I ho.io so, responded thoeiigiuuur. '.low s your arm, John:' " -Vory bad, William,' "roaned the hrnman, "tun mat am i tne worst, ot it. We ain't lliron 'h with tho trouble vet." " 'What do vou mean? I asked. Tho scr.uta sav that there are no troops beyond, except our own nt Kanakia station.' " 'But they are following us,' replied tho lireman. 'Thoy'ro after ns hoi and heavy. " "Ho's riirht, captain,' listening in tuntly. 'Sure as fato thoy have pulled oul that cngino wo saw at tho junction, and nro chasing us,' " 'Hut there a no possibility of their ovoriaKing us i repiieo. " 'I don't know about that,' he said, gravely. 'That OHgine's a heavy ono. and l vo soon ner make a good ntiy milos with a train behind her. This one is a light machine, and I can't promise moro than forty at most. Bo sides, they havo tho advantage of us from tbo tact mat tney navo a car at taohed, nnd wo aro running mono.' 'I should sunnoso that our litrbt- ness would be rather in our favor than otherwise,' I responded " 'Got something to balance hor,' the fireman crruntod sontcnlinusly, " 'John Is right,' explained tho en' ginecr. You soe, sir, if an engine has no- weight behind her the is apt to lump ana pound tne rails, ana, u you put hor at full speed, to get off the iroak altogether, bo, while that on- gitie behind us oan do her level best, we can't even lot out to forty milos without danger of a smash-up.' "I now comprehended the extent of our poril. We had only run tho gaunt let of Buyita to do more enootualiy des troyed by Charibdis. To have been killed by a round shot from the fort would at least navs been a soldier death,, To be run dowrj nd picked; oQ like ducks in puddle was, to put it mildly, a decidedly undignified way of settling accounts with tho world. As fur surrender, I am certain Hint neither of my comrades thought of it ns a means of eseapo any illoro than I did. A sat red trust, involving the fato of an army, perhaps of a nation, had boon placed with us. To yield it to any but the skeleton hand of death itself was a notion that never entered our heads. It was, then, life nnd more than life that hung upon thu issue, and it was with such sensations as como to few nier's exporieneo that wu listened to tho dull roar of tho approaching on gino, "Alcanwiiiio our own nitio midline was not idle. I had kept the furnace at white heat. The steam pent up in the boiler groaned nnd wheezed liko the breathing of an imprisoned giant, thu wheels spun around on tun tracks, crashing from side to side, until there were moments when even thu engineer peered wilh a startled eye out nf the side iviuiluwal Ihe complicated mechan ism below. As wo passeil over n long trestle bridge across a wide marsh I saw merging from tho shadows at the other end tho black form of the pursu ing engine, followed by a ear, through whose 'lighted window n crowd of armed men were visible. Here wo bail a mo mentary advantage, for, desperate as our enemies might be; tho engineer dared not ca"ry his weighty engine over thu light framework as rapidly as wu hail gone. Il was hut a trilling gain, however, for once oil the solid roadbed again, thu monster came on at redoubled speetl. " 'More lire, captain,' muttered the e'lgineer, at this moment, 'on this grade w must ilo our best, or it will be all over in live minutes.' "I opi ned the furnace door and be gan shoveling in thu coal. Upon the instant there was a Hash nnd report from the cab windows ol the pursuing wngiue, and a ritle hall smashed the clock iu our cab, williln ttu inch of the engineer's head. " 'The llatne gives thenin line mark,' observed Ihe engineer, eaimly. 'The hall was meant for me, and bu' for Ihe swaying of Hie engine it would have hit me. too.' "1 completed my task as soon as pos sible and closed the furnace door. Wo were now in darkness again, and if any ball reached us it must be by accident. Our enemies made no further attempt, however, confident, doubtless, of run ning us down very nhorlly. And well they might be. We Innl ten miles yet to run before reaching a point where I hey would lliemselves he in danger of ant i ire or destruction from our own division at Kanakia. During the last ten miles they had decreased the dis- inee at least one-half and, running as we now were, it would he all up witli us iu live miles more. Is there nothing wu can do?" I asked anxiously. "Pitch something on thu track, lid the lireman from his corner. Maybe you can catch their wliee's. Try one of thu lire-bars.' It's a gooil idea, Jnlm, replied the engineer; "perhaps you had heller make tho experiment, capiain. I seized one ot the heavy Pars, a piece of uietal as thick asaerownar ami ten feel long and, clamboiing oyer I he coiil in the caboose, leaned down and dropped the bar lis nearly as I could onlo tho track crosswise. Heaven forgive me! hut with what interest I waited for some crasli or outcry which should signal tho destruction of our pursuers.' In a moment moro there was a siiarp clang along llio rails be hind us, ami a crackling among thu hushes lining thu road. Slut has it oft,' said tho engineer. Try my heavy ovreoat. I vo known l pieeo ot cloth liku that lo get among the wheels and jam Hieiu so that you could not stir an inch.' 1 diil as directed. Thu garment fell across the track, and exactly where the forward trucks could strike it. Presently there was a lieavv jolting sound behind us, and n t-liriil escapu if steam. Caught!' cried thu engineer. 'If il has only wedged into ihu piston-bar, thoy may work all night buforo they got it out.' Some accident had certainly hap pened to our enemies, for nil sounds of pursuit rapidly died away and wo bu- gan to ure.itnn ireer. vt u nan now reached n point within live miles of Kanakia; in two or three more wo should bu within thu line of our own outposts. At that moment I saw thu enginoer lean forward and listen in tently again. Vt hat is it?' 1 asked. After us again,' ho said quietly. 'Thu coat merely retarded them a lit- tlu. There they are! I could now plainly seo tho black figure of thu engine, emitting white clouds of Meant into tho nalu night sky, whirling swiftly nrouud n urvu not sixty yards behind. Angered by the delay, and knowing that if we wero to bo captured at all it must bo within thu next tun minutes, they wore coming on moro rapullv man ovur. We wera nt thu foot of the very up- -radu where wo now aru. Il extends for nearly three miles beyond Kanakia, and is "lie of the heaviest in tno coun try. II was at this poiut that our fato was to ue (tucided. rrom tne moment we ran upon il our light engine began to loso ground hopelessly. Our pur suers wero now so near that wo could plainly obiervo the moveiuentsof those iu tho oiiyiuo-cab by the light of their gaugc-laiup. Tho platform of Ihe car was crowded with thorn, cocking their muskets and making ready for an ex terminating volley. Oli, lor live minutes moro! 1 g.'oaned. 'Il is horrible lo bo trapped or killed iu sight of friends and safety.' " 'Yes,' muttered tho engineer; there is no hope now. When they lire there won't bo much left of us. Anil I hey will, loo, In half a minute.' 'I vo an idea, said tbo hreman, rising sillily Irom tno corner, '1 ran i light and 1 can t lire tho engine, but 1'vo ono arm left, and that'll do to bold her steady whilo you and William put a spoke in their wheel. ' " 'lint nowr erica tno engineer. Speak quick, Jolin;nioniontsnro gold.' " 'Where nro tho tallow cans we put abroad? asked tho hroman. Kravtt. John, lust the thins!' ex claimed the. engineer, as if perceiving moaning in tho other s words, which oscaped mo utterly. 'Captain, those dispatches are safo, and you aro too, John, for I never should nave thought of it tn a liietimo.' "Bv this time the Hroman was stand ing nl tho valves, and tho enginoer had secured tho tallow caus, two brass vessels, each holding a gallon or moro, with long curved spouts. One of these he gave to mo, whilo he kept the other hiuisolf, and we sorambled over tho coal to the rear of the tender. I had not the remotest Idea ol what we wero going to accomplish, but there wu no time to lose In explanation. " 'Now,' laid my companion, is M ixeiledtonn, 'lean over and pour your tallow carefully upon tlio track as we go along. Don t waste a drop and don't let a foot of rail go uusoiled.' "I oheted him In silence, and soon Llitt lucks for a long distance behind us were shining with the thick, greasy lluid. When the contents of the cans were exhausted Ihe engineer said, as lie arose from his position, I think wo have fixed thein. Juhn, old man, you can east) jier up n Irille. Wo needn't smash the machine with trying to get away. Wu shall havo no more trouble to-night.' "1 looked back and saw that our pursuers had just roiu'heil Ihe oiled section of tlio track. Their own mo mentum carried them forward some distanc i; Hiun there was a harsh, whirring sound and afui icin escape of steam. All was plain lo me now. On thu up-grade the drivers, liuding no resistance on llio oiled tracks, simply whirled around, without bearing Ihe engine forward a foot. It was as help less as a hamstrung elephant. "Al this momenta shot was li roil iu the road before us, ami a lionrso voice commanded us lo halt. Well aware that we were now mining friends, our engine was slopped and the facts ev plainrd to thu officer in couitnatul of the ili'lnchmnit. "There is little more lo relate. Our pursuers and their engine were neatly captured. Stockton's division made a forward movement, and relieved tlcn eral Thomas ami his army from their perilous posil ion. As for unelf and my bravu companions, Vo wore not forgotten, and 1 am glad In say that the inventive John, whoso timely sug gestion had saved our engine, and per haps our army, left the -ervice with the rank of captain in the engineer corps." Maying huishcd his story, and our train at tlio same time beginning lo move on, my nilerestiug eoinpauio wrappetl himself up lu Ins cloak ami was suon asleep. lleneuiel .tritolil. 'Ih'i M i.:'i.nitiii'iil. Wo havo just been mailing in 'The Magazine of American llislorj" smue sketches of the family of this "Arch Traitor" as he .seems ever to be known ill American hisiory. These sketches aru hy llishop Kip, of California; Ihu materials being gathered by him dur ing a protracted vis-it lo England. From documents thai can not bo doubt el, it is ascertained that Ihe descend ants of Arnold achieved great distinc tion and among the very highest re wards nud honors in I lie service, ami the armies of Great Britain. From tho glimpies of the biog raphies of Arnold and his defendants -sons nnd grandsons -one great fact stands out full of meaning. Il is that tiny all wero most keenly alive to the position of Arnold in the estimation of man. It spurred them oil to deeds of llio greatesl heroism, ami to lite living of lives unslaiiied by any blot. We give olio single illustration furnished by the bishop from original documents put into his possession, and that I, a I never before been published. James Robertson Arnold, a son of Benedict, ami a lieutenant in the British nrniy. was in active service when hut tweiity-threi years of age in the East Indies. Tim army was hi war, ami a detachment was engaged in undertaking the capture of Fort l.eydeti and Frederic at Surinan. Young Arnold had willi the ever active military instincts of his sire, discovered a way by which he believed the for, s could bo takin by, storm. When he informed thu commander, the general saw that thu danger was so great that ho would not order the n-stilt, so he called for volunteers. Arnold was the tirst to advance, and appealed to his coiuinaniler in these wordJ, "I beg the privilege of guiding and leading this assult. You know the history of my father. No braver man than lie ever lived, but he has been bitterly con demned for the nlt'air al West Point. Give me llio chance, I beg you. to do what I can to redeem the name." His request was granted. Just before tho storm bu wrote thu following letter to his mother: "A gloomy moment, n.y beloved mother, will arise iu thu heart even of a soldier, when on thu eve of glory or eternal happiness. One or tlio other shall shortly bo mine; if Hie former you shall hear of it in a moro gay strain if the latter, let this tell you I am with my Creator. A glorious death on the Held of battle is a fato of all others to bu envied. You will feel il as onu lit for llio son of my father. You will not long repine at it. Wo shall soon meet again. What has lifu more vantauio than a good inline, that I shall leave behind mcr That, and I lear little else. That little is S iphia's, his only sister after George," his youngest brotherj is properly placed with ins regiment; may it contribute to her comfort. For you, I fed everything; for myself nothing. May your other children become a source of hanoinoBs to vou. 1 would navo u ieo to ho so, I hope hitherto I havo been. May you Know every leliciiy yoiiuesire. II an interval u leit iietweeii ine latai stroke, and its full ell'ect, thai interval will havo been devoted to calling down every blessing on you anil yours, here and hureaftur. Thu solemnity I now feel if it bo a presentment lie said that ho had a present uienl that he would bo slain holds oul nothing Jreadful; all is peace within. 1 havo so lived ns to be indifferent when or whom 1 full: bul I wuuld wipo away tho tear thai starts iu your own eye whenever vou read this. 1 would spare as many as possible of tlio drops that l Know will fall. JMiougn my ueiovou mother, enough! This is a sccho too stl'oeting to think of. Lut tho idea of my last sensations soitou yorfrs. unco moro, mny tlio Eternal God keep you II:.. I , ;.. unuer ins uvuimaiiog piuicuiti. Ho led the assult, ho captured tho forts, nnd fell desperately wounded, but survived his wounds. A cold mounted sword of groat val uo was awardud him for his heroic ex ploit. Ho was in ado military aid to tho king of England. Was made n knight. Ho reached tlio rank of lieutenant general, and served more than lifty years in the army, wilh uu sullied renown. We write this as a glowing illustra tion of how dearly cherished Hie repu tation of a good character is by an honorable souh ' A Goon rrtina to the ChlneM. San Francisco. Consul A. F. Bee, ot the Chinese Consulate Office, ex presses himself clearly in saying that no, as won na inn lauio unvu nuuuiwi sevorely from rheumatism and neural gia, and that medicines wore used in vain. At last St. Jacobs Oil was tried, which effeotod Immodiato cures in every case. The Consul regards the Oil as the greatest pain curing remedy In oxlstonoe. Fur uod men, woman, wsk and sickly children, without a rival. Will not came uMdAche. Browo'l Iron Biuen, AMi:itlCAN SOCIKTV. How It Kpieiuhlftn nfl Ilirrcra from lliat of Kuglitiiil. Lor-'leii Pnlly N'i'Wa. Lord Coleridge has proved himself a very intelligent observer of political and social phenomena, l.iku all Eng lishmen who aro able lo look deeper than tho surface, he perceives tlio thor oughly solid character of American society. The peculiarities aro on '.lie surface the strength is hiddeu under neath. Tho tirst tiling Hint strikes every observer who is roally admitted to Aim r'can nociety is the deep mark which the war has left on the upper and middle ranks. Il was fought, as Lord Coleridge onco more reminds the world, not with mercenaries, as revilers said, but witli their own best blood. K.vry family has its losses in tlio Held to remember; and tho causu ol the union and of negro emancipation, in which so much suffering was endured, has become sacred lo thu whole Ameri can pie. Il is refreshing to read a speech de livered bv an Englishman to an Ameri can audience in which nothing is said in praisu of the mere bigness of the country. Lord coiernigo nasappiieu a higher standard than that of mere un limited expansion, and unds that Amer icans endure the test. Heroism and the love of freedom nro the same, whether the Held on which they are shown is large or small. Not only have small countries, such as those whie'' Lord Coleridge names though Hie British tind the Koniuti empires can scarcely perhaps be accounted small done great things, but they have hither to otl'i r-'d the best opportunity to great mi ll and the best Held for great deeds. It is by men and deeds that tho great ness nf a country is measured, ami not by Ihe extent of its soil. But if big ness is not greatness, neither is it any ob-tttele to greatness; and ill this higher sense the Americans havo a great future before them. Wu tire, nowever, nt a loss lo understand why Lord Coleridge thinks ho shall never -ee in England upper ami lower middle clas-cs like those which lie sees iu American cities. Wu should be in clined to say, on the contrary, that w here the I wo countries most nearly ap proach each other is in tlio very classes Lord Coleridge describes. No doubt thu tens of thousands of houses occu pied by Ihe owners of them could not he precisely matched; but thu culture and rcliiieiueiit oi me peopiu wno own the houses would be ipiile equaled, if not excelled, by those of thestinieclass iu England, though nine out of leu of liieiu might be paving rent. On the other baud, thu independent American farmer, living on his own homestead and tilling his own land, is undoubted ly of n ilillerent class to thu tenant farmer of England. He is in an Inde pendent position. He unites in some degree the tenant farmer and tne s-piire. H i perpetuates tho character and virtues very often, too, without the vices of the old English )eomaiirv, whose disappearance is ono of the changes for the worse in the condition of rural England. Lord Coleridge despair-' of seeing such a class restored in our own country. It may perhaps prove impossible iu llio conditions of modern cultivation, but such steps as can be taken iu that direction will be taken b -foi-o long, and we aro by no means disposed to despair of their suc cess. L-i'd Coleridge may show other observers from this able how much America has to teach an Englishman who is willing to learn, and how a robust, liberalism is .strengthened by thu careful study of a people and in si ilu'ions a superficial glaiico nt what templs si'iuinic utal politicians tnrucnnt their faith iu populai government. The l:i perlliictlt la Kliyiit, St. lin-.c0,i,'lie. The blessings of constitutional gov ernment seem lo be appreciated by Egyptians to very limited extent. Tlio pri vilege and glory of having a cham ber of representatives of their own anil eluding the members only strike Ihu fellaheen as an occasion for causing liieiu expense anil trouble. So far from being anxious to vole, this blinded pop ulation rclnscs to do so; ami it becomes an open question whether they will not have lo bo driven to thu polls chained together two and two. as Arabi is said to have driven soino of them to the earthworks ot Alexandria. Peopiu who aro ' Opposed to have liimiuticu are im plored by the cultivators to uso it in order to get thein exempted from using Hie unwelcome right. Thoy say that they call not afford to bo away from their crops at this particular sea son for the purpose of recording their voles; and if they cared to speak the truth about the matter they would probably say that they mistrust the whole business. It must bo meant lo harass and cheat thein; it will got them into trouble with somu onu or other. And nieanliino, wliiiu tho voters are paying bribes to get oft' voting, the representative elected by a groat majority in ono of tho largest con stituencies declines to sit because ho is altogether opposed to tho wholo system of representation. An excellent il lustration of the rial value of that pa per constitution which, if our states men have their will, is to bo the only permanent bequest wo shall loavo to tlio Egyptians. Hindu t'hllrt Wlvus. New Vurll Trllmnc. P. C. Mozoomdiir, the Brahmin who is lecturing in various city churches this week ou "Lite in inuin, spoKO in the Broadway labernaclu, at Broadway and Thirty-fourth street, last night. The church was well lillod, and thu au dience listened wilh close atlontion to thu foreigner, who was introduced by Dr. Taylor, the pastor of tho church. In speaking of tho education in India, sutmurtcd bv tho government, Mr. llo'.oorubar said that it was wholly secular, no professed fullowor of anv religious snut being allowed to wach in tlio schools, while agnostics, skeptics, and invalids wero freely employed. Kefeniiig to tho Hindoo women, tho speaker said in substance: ' A utliu iiimioo gin is no bituoi prulty as any American girl, but nt tho ago of 6 years her paronts become anxious about hor; at 7 hor paronta bc como moro anxious, tho anxiety in creasing until at tho age of 10 it reaches ils crisis. Tho ambition of tho parents is to make as prolilablo a match as pos sible. She is ' usually married then, though she may live at home a year or two longor. men, as irequontiy nap pons, her boy husband dies and the widow of 11 years must remain a widow forever. Something must bo done to provont these early marriages and lo neip muse nuseruuio 111,110 ows. I do not believe In a womn riding a bicycle nor dancing on a tight rope, nor do I beliove In the 'girl of the period.' But I admire the woman of worship and the woman of affeotlon." Eighty doe hones from the late natloi a' how tn Nev Yck hata bfn aoUJ at luctkra a: an ayetan price ot 3J0 mc The lev End. Uoldt'D Dayi. Ill tho winter of '73. a man attempted to cross the frozen surface of tho Mer- rnuac. When about ten feet from the shoro ho broke through. A workman iu a saw-mill near by seized a plunk and thrust It out to the drowning man. Unfortunately, ono end of tlio plank was covered Willi ice, and that end the workman, in his excitement, extended to thu struggling man. lie caught hold of it several times, and tried to pull bimsulf up oulhusolidiee. ltulat each attempt his hand slipped nnd he fell back into tho water. Al last, ho cried out, in the agony of terror, "For mercy's sake! don't reach mo the icy end of the plank!" A perplexed student onco went to a collego professor for help in a certain stmly. "I ntn willing to help you," the professor said, with chilling cour tesy, "but of course, you know thai my lime is fully occupied, and that 1 can't givo special attention to every student. What us your difficulty? Tlio .student slated what had per plexed him. ' Oli. Iha'-'s nothing!" answered the profes-or. "You duii't need my help togotyouoiituf thaldilli culty. Still, when you really need assistance, I will cheerfully L'ivu it lo you. But you won't forget that my ilmc is valuable." Thu student bowed his thanks and de parted, without receiving the help he reallv needed. The icy end ol the plank was held out to him. From that day ho bitterly, though unjustly, class ed all the professors together, as cold and unsympathetic. He carried this prejudice through his collego course, hecaiise he had been denied a little limclysynipalhy. A lew years ago, a young minister and his wife began their work in n growing western town. Their people wein ntlentivo and courle his, tho salary was ample, and anew church edifice was erected. Hut iu less than a year, the niinisler and his wife sough' a smaller church ami a lower salary. A friend, surprised at tho change, nskcil. "What was the matter? Didn't the climate suit you?" "Perfectly." "Well, wasn't your church harmoni ous?" "Yes." "You had a fair salary?" "Yes, more than I get now." "Why diil you leave, then?" "Because my wife and I were tired of living iu a moral refrigerator. Every one was kind, but il was a kind ness wrapped up in iee, as if they were afraid il would spoil. Wo had help enough, bul no real sympathy." Thu icy end of the plank iiad been extended the minister and his wife. I'htilerH. StM Yertr. Niirlennl U'-imlilknn. The general health of the world, as shown by a largo number of consular health rcporls received by the National board of health in this c'ily yesterday, has been comparatively good for the past two mouths, wilh.iho exception of the far Eastern countries, where cholera and oilier plagues are preva lent to a limited extent. The opinion of medical men in this city who have studied the varying r.-ports from infected regions is Inat the seed of cholera are being sown in such a nciiiner as to indicate a general in troduction of llio dreaded disease into Europe, and even England, next season. S:mie apprehensions aru fell regarding ils possible introduction into this country at the samo time, an. I preparations wi.l be niadu for rigid quarantines and other precautions in the event of tho expected European outbreak. The reports received yes terday show llio following death rates from cholera for one week in the latter part of lu-l month; Bombay, India, sevonly-four deaths; Alexandria, ypt, thtriy-tliree; i;airo, I'-gypi, twelve. The plague which Ihrcalened to devastate portions of Russia is on tlio wane, the weekly average of deaths til SI. Petersburg being only ioven. Under the head of "Deaths from other contagious diseases'' llio report from Bombay gives the weekly death ratent out oi a population m 77:1,1!") persons. Consumption is prevailing to a great c.xlunl at lliga, Russia. The reports from this country only show a slight scattering of such contagious diseases as diphtheria, scarlet fever and a fuw cases of small pox. Monitor linil ThlNtl. Littlo Minnie, in her eagerness after llnwors, had wounded her hand on Ihu sham nricklv thistle. This Hindu her cry wilh pain at Hrst, and pout with vexation atterwaru. 1 do wisli thero was no such a Hung as a tlusllo iu mo worm, sue sum pettishly. "And yet tno ocoitisn nauoii uuhk so much of it they engrnvo Hon the national arms," said her mother. "His tho last flower that I should pick out," said Minnie.. "I nm sure thoy might have found a great many nicer ones, even among llio weeds." "Bul the thistle did them such good service onco," said hur mother, "they learned lo esteem it very highly. One lime the Dunes invaded Scotland, and they prepared to make a night attack on a sleeping garrison, no iney crepi along barefooted as still as possible, until they wero almost on the spot. Just at that moment a barefooted sol dier stepped on a great thistle, and tlio hurt made him utter a sharp, shrill cry of pain. The sound awoke the sleepers, and each man sprang to his arms. Thoy fought with great bravery, and the invaders wero driyon back with much loss." "Well, I nevor suspoctod that so small a thing could save a ualion," (aid Minnio, tlioiigriMni'v ThankKKivlHit I'poemuiallon. Wabiiisiiton, D. U. Hi t 27 Till' president has issue 1 the lollowlnfj thankglvlu proda uiatlon: By the pres'dent of Hie United Strltca of America, a proclamation In furtliiTaiire of a custom of this eeuple t the closing of aeh year toeniiagc, upon aduy et upnrt for that 'purpose, In a special U stlval of praise to the lilter nf all good. I, Chester A. Arthu", pr-jsldent of the I'lilti'd States, do hereby designate Thursday, the 2tlth day of November next, as a day of national thankuslvlnir, for the year whuh la drawing to an cud has been replrto with evl H,.nn ,,r iiivinn imilnoM. Tho nrevalenee of liealth, fullnoMof harvo'U, stability of peace ami order, Ihe BT.iwtli 01 fraternal feeling, Die unread of lntelligeneo and learn lir. I'oiitiiiueilcuinvmentot Ivil Mil religion, 1 berry, all these and countless other blessings are the cause for fervent rejoicing. 1 ,1M thnrornre recommend that on the flat above appointed tin people rest from their aecusroniell iao;rs, anti ihcuhk iu men ,v. -rat i, laces of worship), express their de VJUt gratitude to God, that he hath dealt so hountttully wltn tun nation, ami pray mai III. giaeo and favor abide with It lorcvor. S ffllCUl CllBSTEH A. AatUUH, frca. Py Fusn, f, Fnm.ixoin'THw, 8ec ot Bute, Smull, an oocentrlo horse-thief lylni In Jail nt Helvtilera, N- J., Iiaa fasted for twenty fi'ur pays, loalnglhlrtv pounda thereby. Red harts op, )sdle( hoot jr? the faihlon tn iiondq. FACT AND FANCY. The greatest jam yet raspberry. A fail's n fort tho bursting of cheslr nut burs. Tho adulterated food law is now in force iu Texas. Spanish is taught in tho San Antonio, Tox., free schools. Northern Maine is already buried un der six inches of snow. Hav at Cook City, Montnua territory, is selling for $H0 a ton. The fastost man is tlio loader of an orchestra. Ho beats timo. Many Mississippi plantors produced their own molasses this year. The most prominont man id tho city is tlio strect-swocpor. Ho tills the pub lic eye. During a rain-storm in Morgan, Tex., a largo sufl-shell turtle fell from thu clouds. Dtieks, geese, and all kinds of wild gamo aru plentiful at Soattlo, Wash ington territory. Scrgt. Jasper, another revolutionary hero, who is just coming by his duo, is lo havu a statue at tiavannuli. A man of widu views the sailor. A nnu with a narrow view tho archer. A man with deep views tho diver. Warran Sherburii, of Pelham, N. II., owns a farm thai has been in possession of his family since 17AI, n period of 132 years. S -uiie fifteen families of Russian Kins have settled on the upper Nasel and Salmon creeks, in Pacific county, Wyoming territory. The vottntry will weep over tho an nouncement that the Pennsylvania legislature will probably sit till ila members' terms expire. Dr. McCosh does notknow il Ihero is an inscription on Carlylc's tombstone, but suggots this: "Hero lies one who gave force to the English tongue. Mr. E P. Whipple, who twenty-odd years ago was the most popular essay ist in America, and w ho was known as "Whipple, the essayist," is seldom seen oul-idc of his Boston house. IU is 61 years old. Biseoe Hindnian, n son of (Jen. Tom lliiulman, the distinguished confeder ate general, who was assassinated at Helena at the close of Ihe war, has boon appointed professor of civil engineer ing at thu Kentucky military iustitulo. During a recent hunting excursion iu Hie Bad Lands, Montana, in which the Marquise de Mores was accompanied by her hil-lntnl sho shot ami killed three tleer with as much dexterity ns though sho was an expert at tho busi ness. JiisI'c j Coleridge, while in the White mountains, only left A cents as a "tip" to the waiter-gfrl, who hails from Man chester, N. H. Tho young miss be came highly indignant' at thu "paltry" sum ; and refused to accept tlio "blarsted nickel." Though the Narragansett Indians have until within tho last few months retained their tribal relations, it is doubtful if there is a single Nurragnn sclt of pure blood among Ilium, as it lias been their practice to intermarry wilh the negroes. "Dcai me!" cried Mrs. Blossom, as she laid down Ihe paper, "it does seem to inn as if those Mate militia fellows aro always iu trouble. Here's an ac count of a recent inspection where tho company turned oul liily-threu men. Too bad, ain't it?" All tho way stations between Mont gomery, Ala., and Brewton are lighted up every night, illuminaling tho sur rounding country like an electric bon fire. Tho ingredients nro torch and turpentine, the denizens boing detor miued Hint yellow fever shall not como. Isabella became queen of Spain on September :':. 1NW She lied from that throne and look rcfugo in Franco on September 2'J. WM. Ami her son King Alfonso, was hooted at by a mob in the streets of Paris on September 2f 1M;I. There's encouragement for peo ple who believe in omens nud fatal days. .r.n , Two very largo mountain lions, the largest ono standing thirty-one inches high and measuring six fool eight inch es from Hie tip of his nose to tho tip of the tail, were killed a few days ago near Watson's sheep ranch, about half way between Diamond City and Fort Logan, and some fitly milos from Helena,' .Montana. A French inventor who has patented a machine for the use of concentrated solar rays as a general motive porrer, has set up ttiree ot his machines in Al geria for tlio French government. Ho is now carrying on experiments at the Island of Porquerolles, near Hyeres, in France, whore ho i9 threshing Indian corn nnd raising water by llio action of llio sun's rays. Thero is in tho possession of William Kllerv, of Providenco, R. I , agrsndson of Willian Ellery, who signed Ilia Declaration of Independence, a silk bed qirlt under which no ono but a president of Hie United States has ever slept. Il was made to cover the bod of Washington when ho visited Rhodo Island, and over since when a president stays over uijjut in umv oiuw ib io oii" to periorm a suuiiui oaioi-u. Au interesting curiosity in llio form of a conorution of hair, about ono ana throe fourth inches in diameter and noarlv as hard as a rock, was recontly coughed up by a 2-yoar-old steer be longing to J. ii. raiuu, oi iiop&miou, N. II. Il was cut onen nnd found to bo composed of hair perfectly feltod. Tho concretion has beon put into the museum of the New Hampshire Anti quarian society at Contoocook A sinsular water fowl was shot in a oreek near Pelham, Ala, recently by a sportsman, and was exhibited in Mont gomery. It has a long neck, body and bill, tho lost boing hook-shaped at the end. Tho legs are very short and at tho lower extremity of the body, and tho foot wobbod. The color is dark. It is known in this country as the wator turkey," and among the negroes as the "loon, From tho appoaranco and shspa it is a migratory bird. Ornithologists term it the "great north ern diver, so called from tho habit of diving very frequently. It is not olten seen in mis uoiuiti r A vnumr ladv In Portland, Me., late ly invented a tublo for uie in Pullman cars. Sho appliod for a patent, and her onlv fear was someone migui nave ioic stalled her by some invention of their own sufficiently rosembling hers to . mako hor invention useless. While awaiting results. Mr. Tucker, of the Main Central and Eastern roads, who had seen tho table, was so Impressed that he expressed a willingness to get it introduced on his road If she wu suocessful. Tho young lady foil sick with typhoid fever, and on Saturday, her birthday, died. Just u he ei. nlred the lwKHQr P&tDt wrlTed. Vi JL-..