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VOLUME VII. ( IIILLKOTIIH, LIVINGSTON COUNTY, MISSOURI, THURSDAY, MAY K, lss, NUMIJKR :K cntKENT TOPICS. Nkiiiiaska Iis hail the lunior of orig inating Arlior day. Boston is holding "('horolatiri'es" church sociables vhereclioeol:ite istlie refreshment. Hiim.k university, at Charlotte, N. C, fur colored people, is to have a new hall costing Sll.OOO. A I'amsian ladies' rowing rlub has challenged a gentlemen's club (or a six-oared barge race. Sami'MS "f wheat live feet high and beginning to head out have heen brought into Stockton. Tim floral exhibit at Santa Barbara, Cal., was a decided success, and the receipts beyond all expectation. Tub New York produce-exchange will close May (i, the day the new ex change is to be formally opened. In Lebanon, Pa., the other evening a bicycle rider ran into a Irani of horses ami knocked them down. Nkaih.v forty million pounds of ma ple sugar were produced in this coun try last year. Pennsylvania supplied 2,M0,()lli pounds. Miss Hit.l., according to one witness, once thought of going cast ami after a while passing oil' a child on Senator Sharon as his own. Tnil steamer Peruvian will be forced to go to Halifax to discharge her mails and passengers, as sin? could not make Quebec owing to ice. The police of the l ily of Mexico re cently arrested a servant carrying an unstamped bottle of wine, and the per son selling it was lined ij'jl). In the craw of aduck recently killed near Willows, Cal., was found nine forty-four center-lire cartridge slid one of which was loaded. Maiiia (iAIii ia, a resilient of Are nal, Mexico, was recently delivered of four children, three girls and one boy. They are well formed and doing well. Four Worth, Tkj., generously of fers to contribute i?2 for every l al lowed by the state to establish and ronducl asummeruorinal school at Ihat place. Mil. llol.HKN preached in the Uni versalis! church in New York Thurs day against such hymns as "1 Want to be an Angel" and "Hold the Fort." He said they were blasphemous. A nf.uko in Houston county, Texas, passed a 8.10 confederate bill on a grange store, got 10 worth of goods and flu in change, and skipped out nrfore (lie fraud was delected. Coi.okaixi City, Tkx., has a hen which llew into her owner's room in time to give the alarm and enable him to drive away two thieves who were making oil' witli a loud of booty. Tub enterprising genius who goes from town to town ofl'ering lo dis cover taxable property not on Ihe as sessment roll for -'0 per cent of all Ihe taxes collecled is now "doing" Califor nia cities. Tub latest fraud in the southern slalcs Is the stani)iing and changing a cow-hide, and selling it for an alliga torskin. The originatorof the scheme will doubtless grow rich if his counter feiting is not detected. Wiikn tiie Washington monument is completed a great American eagle is lo be perched in dignilied security live hundred feel ill the uir and on a chim ney weighing more than seventy-live thousand tons, and costing .S0O,O00. Last summer over lifty thousand people crossed the Atlantic to Kurope. This year, however, it is not expected that more than forty thousand will go abroad, because of the near approach of the presidential election. ShVKS thousand people shouted "yes" when, in closing the session of (ho Mormon conference, John Taylor put to a vote the question: "Shall we uphold the doctrines of our church, including polygamy, stand by il, and defy the powers of the nation?" Thk album of the Hank of Kngland in which specimens of counterfeits are preserved, has three notes which passed through the Chicago lire. Though they aro burnt to a crisp, black ash, the paper is scarcely broken, and the engraving is as dear ns new. At San Antonio lives an old Mexi can woman named t'andelaria, who it now stated to bo the only living survi "vor of the Alamo. Sim has u scar on her cheek", said to liavo been mado by il Mexican saber while she was carry ing water to Col. Crockett and men during the. Alamo fight. The will of Aaron Somen, an old Connecticut farmer, who died last week In Bridgeport, states that his property shall go "to tlio worthy poor, deserving, white. American Protestant democratic widows and orphans in Bridgeport, until all Is expended." His estate, is valuod at $10,000. A New Youk photographer says that ho is convinced that in nineteen out of twenty cases the, left sido gives tho most charaeteristio likeness, whilo in tho snmo degree tho right sido is most symmetrical. This is ns now to tho majority of poople as is tho fact that overyono's nose turns either to tho right or to tho left sido of tho face. The glad tidings have reached So corro, Now Mexico, that water has at lost been found in tho broad plain west of tho Oscuro mountains, about 28 miles southeast of this city. Tho grasB on that plain is tall and of a su perior quality. Tho scope of country there will, It is claimed, In timo make elegant stock ranges. KUTTKUFMKS. lie, Utile, ul.lilv, iliuicliii; tiling. W'liusi' eluwliur tfituzv yellow uiim Alitiiirli the brum Ihiit'l'tift-liu llhi;;. I pnll the riirtli! Mow rndliint must the ihiy have bet'ii Mldsuiitiiu'r-dav it wu, I' ween. When elves i;o lioppini; nYr the arctiii That gave you hlrth ! Sn full ye seem of joyous mirth. With wiuitun me rrinirtit hi rifr, Mi'tliltiks vim hear seine fairy life "To mortals mute! ' (Vmlit I hut learti that invMIr slrnln To hearts whli-li now are'tlMeil with pain I illicit rirall ghul youth ui;iii!i I'pon invluli'' -Miry httPltm, in AVie York Ifamr Jininmi THE BUAKKMAN'S STORY. I had taken the train at Pes Moines for the East, and when wu were fully under way induced Ihe rearbrakeman, Charlry (ilassnrr, to go witli me into the smoking room of the sleeper for a cigar and quirt chut for Charley was a good talker and full of railroad ex perience. Our conversation happrnrd ta turn on Ihe sleeping cars, mid I incidental ly mentioned that I always took an upper berth, because Ihe steam pipes beneath the lower one made il so un comfortably warm. "Let ine advise! you, then," said Charley, "to always make the porter or conductor hook both the chains that hold the berlh down, and ninety-nine chances in a hundred lie won't if you don't call his attention to it and insist on it." "What chains do you mean?" 1 in quired, my curiosity at once aroused. "Well, when the upper berth is opened, two lillle silver-plated chains arc used to hold it down, being fasten ed to Ihe middle. They seldom ever take the trouble lo hook more Hum one. and if il should break or come un fastened the berth might close up, and there wouldn't be Hie ghost of a show for a man, for il has it spring lock which can only be unfastened from the outside. A person would smother in a very short lime. " "Bill lias such a thing ever occur red?" I inquired. "There arc whispers of several such eases." "But I should think Ihev would have become notorious an. I the public be warned." "A great deal of hush money may have been used. However, I will leil you a rirriimstancii that came to my notice, which will leave you to bulge for yourself." Al this I squared myself up, and lis tened to the following story: "Not six months ago we took on at l)cs Moines a youg lady, her mother and lillle sister. She was the mosl lovely creature I ever saw. This, I think, is saying a good deal, for you must allow that in my business we sce a great mauv pretty faces, married and single. But this one was seraph- ically beautiful. When I saw her on the platform, I could have fallen down and worshipped her; but I was requir ed to do the inliiiitely more agreeable task" ot Helping ner on the train. I tell you what, Frank, the touch of her thrilled me through ami through. Il made me sick at heart to have lo lake tn v hands awav and help the others. OfVoui'so, I was clear gone. The only time in my life, and it was the mad dest, most delicious pain 1 ever expe rienced." "1 need not lell you that ns soon as we started I found where Hiev were seated, and made an excuse to remain where I could feast my oyes on her face. "Thev had sleeping car tickets and soon retired; and 1 had looked my lasl time on the beautiful vision, I sup posed, though I knew which section they occupied, and took a long look at il, imagining I could see that lovely face through Hie thick folds of the cur tain. "Satisfied that inv violent love spell was about at an end, I seated myself ill Ihe smoking room -as we are now to dream of that fare and build an air castle oiil of smoke, in which my lovely and delicious channel' was queen, ami I her accepted John Brown. You see 1 was hopelessly lost! "While I was absorbed in this de licious reverie, we were rounding Horseshoe Curve, just beyond which ill the limber, a freight train was hailed. "The engineer, Tim Parrigan. did not see her unlil she was pretty close. She had no llagman out, for she had not stopped yet, but was crawling very (low, trying lo climb Lookout Hill without doubling. "Tim grabbed the handle, and turn ed on the Wcstinglioiise automatic with full force, bringing the train to a stand with a jerk, and just in time to prevent hitting. Then the conductor dropped oft" the freight, and asked Tim to buckle on and help Iheni up Hie hill, there being a sido track just be yond. This he did, but nearly a half hour lime was lost. ' "When the air brake was put on so suddenly, I was thrown out of my seat here, and nearly butted my brains out against the other side. When 1 had gathered myself together, I took n peep into the sleeper to see how the passengers had fared. "It was a comical sight, for about half of the dreamland tourists had been thrown out into tho aisle, and thero was an exciting scramble for their berths, together with groans, screams, and exclamations of a varied nature. "A glance sufliced to show me that my angel was not one of the discom lited ones, nnd I was half-sorry that I had not an opportunity to rush to her assistance, and half-glad that there was no necessity, from tho embarrass ment that might bo occasioned, "Matters were quickly righted, nnd by tho time the freight was pushed up over tho hill nnd side-tracked, all were serenely snoozing, even to tho porter, who had given me instructions to call a coimlo of traveling men, nnd btole oil' to bed. "I soon saw that Tim was bound to make up lost time, notwithstanding ho had a bad piece of track over which to do it. Ho was whipping tho cngino up and down liills, and around reverse curves, at a terrilio speed, the cars rocking almost like a boat. Ho was working her in the corner with full throttle, nnd the way wo did spin was enough to rniso tho hair. "1 was still nbsorbed with tho con templation of our fair passenger, whoso imago scemei' lixed before my eyes, though I took timo to observe oc casionally how like lightning wo wore going. "Wo wore nearing tho point at which the traveling gentleman wished to stop, and I started through the car to awaken them. "Of courso my eyes wandorod lo the section which hold mr beauteous vision, but I was not prepared for the sight which I could scarcely at lirsi comprehend. "The upper berth was closed! ' With the quickness of Uioiil'IiI I jerked it open, and beheld the ashen, distorted features of the Young lady who had created such a turmoil in my bosoin. "Smothered to death! "Her arm was thrown up over her head, and her limbs drawn and dis torted in the convulsive struggle for breath: but this was as iiauglil com pared to the distended nostrils, burst ing eves and awful agony pictured in her face. "That expression haunts me yet. And I often think of what must liave been her feelings and thoughts in her living grave. "The chain that held her berth had probably beeomo unfastened by Ihe sudden stop Tim hail given the' train just after rounding Horseshoe Cone, ami the subsequent swinging nround the reverse curves, etc., hail closed il up. "What could she do? She might pound her hands into jcllv Hour of the sleepers . would hear. She might ' yell herself deaf - no one hut herself would hear a sound. Closed iulo a narrow space, and held by a snrin"' lock, there was no possible chance lol escape. j "What must be one's feelings when i they conic to fully realize that Ihevi arc entombed alive? The air is rapid-1 ly exhausted, am! s nils of time must seem years of hoi r spent in ; convulsive struggles. It makes ine shudder to think of it! "But matters were not so bad wilh ' the young lady as I had al lirst sup. j posed. I awoke her mother, who proved lo be an ciniuciillv c 1 ami capable woman. "Ity means of some waler and vig-' orous dialing life was restored and j consciousness gradually reliirneil. I "But there was no more sleep for cither mother or daughter that niglil.: ami as passenger hrakemrn arc not usually very bashful, and 1 am no ex-! ccption to Hie rule. I succeeded in; making (heir acquaintance, and was ; wicked enough to be glad Hie accident ! had occurred. "My charmer was only more charm- ! ing on acquaintance. She was so in-j nocent and guileless, so vivacious, so : glad of her rescue, and so overwhelm-1 ing in expressing her gratitude to her rescuer, Ihat 1 longed for an opportun ity to do something superhuman, to rescue her from something that would require me to dare death and all the furies to show what I would willingly undertake for her. "I would have undertaken anything, from jumping a river to lighting a volcano, if I had thought it would please her. "But I had no opportunity, for wc were at the end of our run, ami there was nothing left but to bid her good by, and wake up the drummers, whom I bad forgotten unlil then, and leave thrni to visit their wrath on the por ter. "That is Hie story of my love affair, and how near she came to being a vic tim of a treacherous upper berth in a sleeper." "And did you never srr the young lady again?" I inquired, enotigh'intor esled to hope he had married her and ended the romance properly. "Oh, yes!" he replied nonchalantly. "We carried her over Ihe road aboul a mouth ago, but she was wearing orange-blossoiiis and had a great, big. ugly Uude witli her a bank cashier, or something of that sort - ami she seemed lo think him Hie nicest Iliing in Hie world. "You bet 1 diiln'l watch her section that time; lint I beiicvu if I had seen an upper berth closed, and known that fellow was inside, I should mil have said a word, but calmly coiilcniplali'il ins misery ami loiiml cotntort m il. Jealousy, you know, is not very lender in ils thoughts of a rival."--''. II'. Iltirku'tll. Teniiieimire Movement. The one so id and -lire basis of i In temperance; movement is science Ap peals to sentiment, preaching cru sades, and prohibitory laws may do something, hut the main reliance, al ter nil, is in the conviction that conies from seicntilie demonstration. Pur poses founded in mere emotion arc but marks irt the sand on the sea-shore, which remain only until .succeeding waves obliterate them. Bui the dem onstration of actual physiological law. once made clear to the mind and im pressed on youth's memory, will en dure and exert an inlliience through life. It will not save all, al least not at once; nothing can do that: then- is in Hie human race to-day an immense accumulation of hereditary tendency to inebriety, which has to lie overcome and outlived by slow and patient gra dations. But even for this Hie seien titic lessen of inevitable law is the strongest sanction and support. Ev ery school-pupil throughout the land should be made to know the certain blight to brain, nerve nnd tissue Ihat follows habitual saturation in alcohol. He should be taught, also, that contin ual steeping in narcotics is not less surely harmful to the vital system, al though ils effects may be more slow in manifesting themselves and may ex tend even through generations. We aro glad to see that this vantage ground of the good cause has been tak en by the Women's Christian Temper ance Union, and that through Iheir ef forts tho requisite elementary instruc tion has been Introduced in the public schools of several states, notably, Ver mont, Michigan, New Hampshire and New York. Measures are being prose cuted for extending the regulation through all tho other states. Wo re gard this as the turning point in the temperance movement, as the certain pleilgo of its final triumph. All honor to tho distinguished women who, in an ago of legislative nostrums and the noisy heating of tomtoms, had the good sense to discern tho solid, scienti ho basis of tho law of temperanco, and to institute its inculcation at tho very beginnings of society, In the school, tho nursery, and tho family circle. New York Home Journal. A somewhat romantic wedding was recently performed In the almshouse nt Clarendon, 8. C. Tho contrartinR parties were Mr. Burrlll Adkinson, and Miss Coker. Kack Is a para lytic, the man being paralyzed In his right aide and the lady In her left. They are third conBtns, and each la about M years of age, They are Inmates of the poor-house, and had to get the consent of tho county commissioners before tho twain could be mado one. The commissioners, after deliberation, decided to allow tho marriage, aa no harm waa likely to befall tho country from this union. One of the great drawbacks In this world U that the mlllr of human kindness Is skimmed before It Is passed around. Skim milk of hu man kindness Is mighty weak stuff. reck't Sun, Blue sad buff became the colon of the Whigs TIIK I'bKI llll-l'SKl MON'IA llll.l.. I'assairu nf the III!! Kmalilisliln a lluri-au of Animal liiilustry. As ameiiiled and passed by the sen ate, the bill providing forthe establish ment of a bureau of animal industry ami for the extirpation of contagious cattle diseases provides that the com missioner of agriculture shall organize in his department a bureau of animal industry, with a chief who shall be a competent veterinary surgeon, and who shall investigate and report the condition of the doim-stic animals of the I'liiled Stales and -the causes of contagious, infectious, and communi eablr diseases among lliein. He shall also collect sudi other information on thi-se subjects as may be vnluulde to the agricultural a. el commercial inter ests of the I'liiled States, l-'ol' Hie purpose of liie bureau the commission ers of agriculture is authorized to em ploy a fore'- not to exceed twenty per sons a! any one time. The commis sioner is to appoint two competent agents, who shall he practical -loi-k- raisers or uu-n eierii-ii I in coiuiner- ci.il transactions infecting live stock. who shall report the best manner of; transporting and caring for animals' and Hie means to be adopted to sup j press ami extirpate pleuro-pneiimonia j and other dangerous, contagious, or coniiiiuiiicalile ,i-eaes. The coiupcii-j sation of such agents is lixed at -lo per day. The commissi,, ncr is lo pre pare as early as possible such rules and , regulations as may be necessary to e-; lirpate the diseases utlied, ami certify j such rules, etc., to the c-iecutivc an i lliority of each state and territory. and to invite the cooperation of such ex-1 eeuiivr authority ia the execution of the act of congress. When the! rules, etc., shall have been accepted by such executive authority. Ihe coin-; niissioner may cxpcinl in the stale soj acccpiing so much money as mav he ligations contemplated by the act. ami .. n '. . iliinlVctiou :niil iniMMirrs :is m;iv Im wN-iwsurv t '""" - Vi'iit tin' sip';ir nf ii-p:ic fnnu un 'l;tli' nr tfiTilorv into unnthi'f. In unl.T f pPMnuti 11,, ..ilMMMillinnof;! :,, itll,,. ;.. ..;',,! .i.ii : i in-inad)1 as tn the piliTirt of ronla-l jimis tlisi'Uoi'-i ailing tht ilividin line! ht'twt'i'u tin- 1'iiih-il Slates ami fnn-in riHintrics, :tml nlim-r tin- I runspnrta- i ni-1,1,1 ... ... .i : , ' linn linos I'miii all jmrtH nf tin I'mlrd Slalcs in t purls from which the c;tt tli arc cxpurli'fl, ami ivpnrts In- inailc In th secretary nf ihe Irnastirv. who shall en-nperate with the stutr ami tho m u n i"i ri 1 aul In it'll ics.enrpnralii ins, ajnl per.-ntis enai'd in the trau-porutmn nf meal callle hy laml or waler in es lalilUliinir regulations fnr the safe con veyance n caltlc ami prevnitin;; the spreail nf iliseae. ami the secretary nf the treasury is aullmrized to lake such ieps as may be necesary, mH incoii-i.-teiil with the act. to prevent the cvj.nrlalinii nf cattle atl'ectcil wilh any emit anions disease, especially pleu-ro-pnciimmiia. Transportation compa nies are fmlmlilen to transport cattle atl'ecleil with any contagious or coin miiniealih disease I'mm mic slate or territory lo another, Imt the Mi-called splenetic, nr Texas, fever is excepted from the catenrv iT enmniiiniealde diseases, sn tar as regards the trans portation nf caltlc to market. Viola tions nf ihe act hy railroad cumpauicM or verls is declared a iiiidcmeaiior on the pari of the manager or captain. puuislinlde hy a line nut to c -d .'f.iinn. or imprioiimciit not to exceed otic year, or tioth. Il is made the duty of Cuited Slates district attorneys to pric-ecute the cases. The sum appro priated for the purposes nf the aid is sloo.uoa, histi-ad of sh.ii.imiii, a ap propriated i,y ihe hniM U'adc lliiiiiploii s Old Ki'icnd. A midille-ai.red man approached (icn. Hampton the other da. and a-ked his intlueiicc in pre-iujr a claim hcfmvllie military committee nf the senate. The si ranker then said: '(Iciieral. I am lad In see you airaiu. You do not rec ognize me, 1ml oti personally made a prisnuer nf nic during the war." Com paring miles, tampion found out it was a fact, and recalled the circum stance. He was rccoimoiterin one niht anil missed his way. Around him luiriied many more camp tires than he hail left behind him. Kuterint; a house, he discovered that he had strayed into the enemy's lines. A few soldiers were scaled at a table and ab ruptly addressing them, as if a super ior nllicer of their own army, be a.kci who they were ami what they were dn iiilT there, (die man spoke up and re plied: "We hclon;; to the Kihth New York rcimeiii, ami (icn. Warren scut us to ret milk." Hampton fell that all of his nerve and address wmild be rcijiiired lo ex tricate himself from this dangerous position. lie reached for his pistol, held it almir his thih. ami, on leaving the house, commanded he man who had spoken to him to follow. He did so. Hampton mounted his horse and called the man to him. I lend in; down to the Federal soldier's ear he whis pered: "1 have a. pistol aimed at wmr head and will shoot you if any alarm is made." The surprised soldier whis pered: Won't shoot, surrender.1' Hampton then bade him move on just ahead of his horse, and so brought him into the Confederate camp. It was this man who, after more than twenty years, met his captor nnd uskeda favor of him, as :i senator, that he was more than willing to rrant. It was a strange and romantic coincidence in the re turning eyeles of time.- Washington l.ttUrto AmjusUi Vhronivtc His Spirits Dtiiupeiiril. The train hailed for a-few miuulrs at the station and n yomi man who had been entertaining two fair maid ens with his cultivated ennvorsation during t tie last run rushed out and disappeared behind tho door of an ad jacent saloon. He swung hinwolf on tho ear just an tho train started and puntingly resumed his seat and the abrubtly'interrupted chit-chit!" "Gracious!" exclaimed ono of the girls. "How frightened you look!" "J)oI?M he gasped. "I don't feel so. I went out to see a friend." "You must have mot a wicked ghost," she said. With a puzzled look ho ruurmnred: "Why, that's absurd. You know I don't believe in tho supernatural." "1'erhaps not," ho retorted with tho faintest suggestion of a sneer," but your breath is awfully suggestive of had spirits." Tho youth muttered something about malaria, and concealed his pungent exhalations behind a paper. Travel ler's Magazine. A bill for the prntcclion of milk has been in troduccd In tho New York legislature. It is save to say that tho friends of tho bill are In faror of free trade In pumps. Ptck't Sun Dr. Sauford'sLlverlnvlgorator has a reputar Uou equal to any medicine Id the world. The Problem in Egypt. The condition required for self-government lo not exist in Egypt. The plain, hard fact Ihat ever since the days of the shepherd kings tin- Egyp tians have been a subject race, ruled over by an endless series of foreign dynasties, is not to be explained as a mere matter of accident. Whatever the future may have in store for Egypt, the only sy stem of government possi ble in this country for the time being is thi' one to which it has been accus tomed forlhoiisauds of years that is, a system of personal government. The despotism may h(. just, law-abiding, and progressive, such as is the rule of England and India, or it may be cruel, arbitrary, ami retrogradesuch as is the rule of Turkey in Europe, but in either case it must be a despotism. I'ndcran enlightened i Ii- .. -l i in the Egyptians may possibly develop in years to come the qualities of self government which they do not now possess: under an iineiilighlcueil ib-s-polism they may become more degra ded ami less lit, if possible, to govern themselves than they are -it present. But under one name or the other su premo power in Eg pt must be vested in the hands of an autocrat. Now, up to the deposition of Ismail Pasha I In viceroys of Egypt were autocrats. Their will was law. The story of the baker ami the butler who wrrr fellow- prisoners With Joseph embodies the whole theory of Egyptian government. If the Pharaoh of the day was a just and upright ruler, the baker in all likelihood deserved his hanging, while the butler merited his promotion. If the i'haraoh was unjiisi and corrupt tin- baker was probably hanged to gratify private malice, while the but ler was exalted from tnotivesof person al greed: but. rightly or wrongly , just ly or unjustly, the one was hanged, the other raised to honor because such was the good will ami pleasure of the 'cflendina."--the lord and master. It ' w"? "".,lli'! I'.,''l"''l1''' 'I';" --mail l' ni:iiii initi'i iw nil.' n Lu -m l"!ll'lUl,,0,,l.;,ew..sl..sss..r I,.,. ,.." . I l,i '..tee-ssovs I.' ; ..: ill' :i pmviTf'ui :iinl iniiriiciiilciit Knrn ml liimi. urmtrurv lirt'ti'. Mill, up I" III ml, hi', in as far as the native.- were concerned, could reward l his man and punish that as seemed good in his own eyes. With the exception of a few great personages, who enjoy ed the personal favor of the porte, nr had the ear nf foreign powers, every Kgyptian knew that for him it la in the khedive's power to deal nut re ward or punishment according to bis own good pleasure. The nrv of tin rise, fall, ami fate of the Mofei'tisb. Is mail Sadyk, is of itself sutlicieut to show how lo the last the ex-khedivc was master over bis own people. Wilh his deposiiioii. the authority of; the khedirale received a shock from which recovery was well-nigh imposi. Ide. --The Xuiifri nth fi-ntun. The Chinese Islands. There has recently Imen mooted in the French journals a plan to seize the , island of liaiuan. Formosa, and Chil ean ns an indemnity for Ihe expenses of the war iu Tompiin. The island of : Hainan command the gulf bearing1 ihe same name. It is a province ot ( 'anion, and lies pari ly in the gulf of j Tonjiiiru :too miles southwest of Can-1 ton. The tirea of the il;uid is IJ.ooo , square miles, (be length being l'i and the breadth ih miles. The populal ion ! of Ihe Maud is :f,:!iii)(ono. The struits j of Hainan, which separate the Maud j from Ihe mainland, are only live miles : across, and are navigable only for J junks. Hainan is one of the least ! known portions of the Chinese em-1 pirc. The mountainous regions of the I Ulterior of the i-tand are unexplored. At the poll of lloi-how, which is one of i the open ports of the Celestial empire, j the value of the commercial excbaii- ges in In so amouteil to l.i.- 00 i, noo and (be maritime move ment lo -.'.lojutii tons. The j other ports are uo known. Formosa j is a larger inland in the China sea. ly-j ing ninety miles oil' the Fu-kieii, from i which il is eparated bv the Formosa channel. It is -';!7 miles long, with an average breadth of 70 miles. The num ber of inhabitants is ;i.i;oinno. For mosa is ihe part of China where for eign inlliience has made ilself most felt. A telegraph line has been estab lished between the t wo principal ports, Tai-wan and Takau. and last year it was proposed to connect them by rail way. The Chusan island -i arc a group ly ing olV the cast coast of China, forty live miles northeast of Xingpo. Theae. wore the islands which in IS-ll were occupied by the Knglish, who made them their ha1 of operations against Nankin. The population of the archi pelago is est i mated at otic million souls. Tinghac is the chief port of the largest Chusan island: it is un industrial town, from which cordage, malting, ami fans are exported in large quantities. Should these islands he seized the French will come irtti collision with Kngland, who lias guaranteed their possession by China. The following are the paragraphs of the treaty of lH-MI referring to these islands: "It is stipulated on the part of his majesty the emperor of China that on the evacuation of Chusan by her Hri tnnie majesty's force the said island shall never be, ceded lo any other for eign power, 'Her Britannic majesty consents, upon her part, in case of the attack of an invader, to protect Chusan and its dependencies, asd to restore it to the possession of China as of old; hut as this stipulation 'proceeds from the friendly allianeo between tho two na tions, no pecuniary subsidies are to be due from China on this account." N trailer Things in America. Eren in American storms, or at least in American reports of them, there ap pears to bo n touch of American hu mor. Not long ago wo heard of the gigantic meteorito which fell, like the imago of the great goddess Diana, down from heaven, anuburied a house in Texas. Who has forgotten the lira zilian monster, which was many fath oms long, and lived beneath tho upper erust of the earth? Kven the progeny of this animal when they walked about created earthquakes which Hyron would haye called "young." The cy clones which havo raged lately in Ala bama, Ohio, and Indiana recall theso prodigies of aature, the fljrcat earth shaking beast, and tho gigantic me teoric stone. What a terrible scene must nature have presented when whole forests were uprooted, literally "at one blow," of the wild west wind. In Tennessee a train was blown clean off tho line into a ditch, whilo high in air, soaring over astonished Alabama, a baby flow for several miles, "but es caped unhurt." This baby, which, at a tender age, realized the wildest dreams of the Aeronautic society, must be meant for remarkable desti nies. It is pleasant to think of the emotions of the parents, who saw, per- hups, their lirsi disappear on Ihe wing of the whirlwind: lo picture the aston ishment of (he strangers among whom the babe alighted; to relied on the advertisements in the agony columns of the Alabama p:pers, and to brood on the joy of the bereaved when the adventurous infant ruturued, in no w ay damaged, by parcels post Such things only happen iu favored Ala bama, ".oiiifon Ihul'i X'tr.t KohUnglhc Fi'iiducer. The Central Nebraska has a long article explaining how, by a pool anion i." theni-clvc. the grain dealers h:tv- hi'i'ii rnUiin-r tin- f:miu-r ot tli it 1 entire section often cents per bushel : on every bu-lud of corn marketed. 1 The price paid hy the dealer in Ccn '. tral Nebraska was 'J'J cents per buhel , forenrn which sold in Chicago for from i 1! to os cents. ( hie of ihe larger farm- ei s dually kicked at tl.e low prices of fered and shipped his own grain real izing 'SI and cents net per bushel, after paying twenty cents per bushel ! freight, and live cents for handling, I commission, and warehouse charges, the corn selling for ."7 cents p,-r lui-h-I. The fanuT who did his own -dup-ping thus gut ten cents tier bushel or i thirty-three and a1. bird per cent more for bis corn than his neighbors got ! w ho sold to the local buyer, but he slill got but a traction nvn'.Vl per cent I of what bis corn sold for in Chicago I wholesale market, or perhaps -to per I cent nf what the consumer litially paid , for it. which would bring the price re i reived by tlmc who sold lo the local lnier at about '.'s p-r cent of the price paid by the consumer. This is cer tainly a poor showing for tin.' fanner. It is, however, as good a showing as : I hey can make upon the average of the j price received by them for Iheir pro ducts. Out of this sum they are a No required lo pay t heir taes and I Ill taxes of the bond-holder and usurer. ! who pay no taxes; ami the w..tM of it is but few of iheni have the courage to , kick. I'hey are too milch like those 1 cnuipo-ing the Illinois State (Irange, a comiuitl f which reported that the I farmer was doubly taxed, but thought it best no! to ask any thing tint really ; essential nf the law-makers, so voted not to a-ik for relief from double taxa tion, but asked the legi-dal ure to pass a law to prevent the killing of prairie chickens. ! The local buyers may pool and lake ! one quarter or one-third as much for j handling at their warehouse as the i farmer gets for planting, tending, har ! vesting and hauling lo market. The railroad company takes twice as much las the local huver, and then aids the ! warehouse men to steal another live cents, thus running the price to the coriMtiiicr up to a point where he must per force charge lil'tv lo one hundred per cent more for what he creates and the farmer buyes; and still the farmer pockets the outrage with the few dol lars obtained for hN crop and goes back to his plow anil his sixteen hours of d. ily toil. And the birds nf prey that are living oil' of them croak hoarsely, jflhl tly j little closer to Iheir victims, nnd pre pare in drive their beaks a lillle deeper next lime knowing (hat their victims are too deeply sunken iu lethcl-gi-" sleep to kick, i'lliitttjn - ""' . . ! Charles Keade in Private Idle. Charles Kcade was in private life amiable and lovable; nevertheless, 1 from di-rcgard of Talc rand's maxim. snrl'i'it point ( . he was perj dually quarreling with friends. Not even, Waller Savage Lamlur could have cx-; celled Irini in wrath and ornate invec-! live when he anathematized any op- ; polieiil of hi pel crotchets. He forgot ; what he had said as soon as his iu-; itignanl tits were past, but those.who: had been scorched by his liery tongue! or bespatiered by his r-areastic pen had ! sometimes more retentive memories. I In his intercourse wilh ladies he had ' much of that Mined poiiienos ami old world gallant ry which are customary i among foreigners, hut less so wilh u: ! and et the variability of his lemper j would soiiiclimes male him descend j with startling and amu-iiig rapidity: from Ihe loftv tone of a HraudNon tm Ihe not very high sly Ic which dis tinguished the utterances of Mr. Chucks, the boatswain in "Peter Simple." Not that Mr. Meade ever in dulged iu exactly the same kind of language as Mr, Chucks; but, for in stance, when he was on the stage superintending the rehearsal of one of his plays noaetress coiihl for a moment lind grace fnun his objurgations if she did not without a word or'look of dis sent accept all the commands he issued as tu her playing am! even as to her dress. With actors he was quite as despotic, and this sometimes led to sharp wordy encounters, in which, how ever, Charles Kcade was always victor in the lirsi place because be was not the man to viehl, and in Ihe next be cause his advice to players was. in sum. as good as Hamlet's. Hut when all has been said of Charles Krado, it must be repealed that he worked to honest purposes, ami no uicnmirof him would be complete if it did not amplv recog nize the kindness of heart which was the dominant trait of his character. He was, in truth, so warm-hearted, and had such a rich imagination to con trive schemes which his benevolence suggested, that most of his faults liter ary or personal - and these were, venial ones at the worst. --came from wish ing to do too much good and strug gling to do that much too quickly. l.ouiion Tinu's, A Celestial Tramp. A Chinaman in New York is never out nt tho elbows. Hi) usually wears a staid anil contented expression of countenance, s though he were on the best of terms with the current coin of the country. Hut last evening one was observed walking along Sixth avenue, iu the midst nf tho snow and rain, who had lost all sleekness except that which tho storm had given him by saturating his clothing. Ho was ragged and absolutely forlorn. Ho was walking on the uppers of his san dals, and covered his hands carefully in tho tattered folds of his sleeves, lint it was not for long. A liipior storo confronted him and on his right flank thero was a row of kegs. Ho eyed them wistfully for a moment nnd then glided across the slippory pavo mcnt toward them. He drew one of hi hands from his sleeves, and with it enrao an old tomato-oan. Ho tipped a keg in tho most approved fashion, received tho dregs in his can, and stole into tho area of a house in an adjoining street and regaled himself in pence. Ho was a Chinoso tramp, but ho had fallen deep into the wicked ways of his Amorban brothor. New York Tima. ' The city of Cracow, Poliml, w mined for the Polish duke, Cncui, who built it about 700 ffltb the 'polls of (be Fruki. TIIK CINCINNATI RIOTS, Smne I'pi'iiUiir Opinions Kxpnwd in n land ing KrciH'li Journal. The following singular passages are translated from an article entitled I.tt Vic (. Mart ( "The Death Penally"), which appeared in the Paris t'iijaro of April I; "You have observed what has just tak n place at Cincinnati. 1 had always regarded the people inhab iting that (Juecn city of Ohio as unique ly occupied in niai)iif;K'turing hams and sending us trichina1. Well, I was mistaken. Cntil Sunday last they were exclusively occupied' in liring up on one another with rillcs -and even with cannon. Civil war was unchain- j eit in their ttihtst, with its uita aecoiu-1 panimeiit nf pillage, massuere, and in-1 i cdiiliarism. On both sides a savage. ! bravery was displayed, strongly re-' ! scinbling fanaticism. The American rioters fought better than the French j i insurgents of dune, IM. w ho them-1 I selves fo.ight better than the in-ur-1 j gents of the Commune. Thev rushed i , upon the mitrailleuses flailing iruns? wilh black men at their head, leading j them mi. some loussamt 1. Invert ure I or Atlar-(iull, or perhaps l.aiza (we: ,rn,l,,,l", readers on his ocea- s.m, to pursue again l ie admirable i (. orges of Alexander Dumas) I miuir iiniM iiiivc ni'i'ii Miirrn. II w;is I'lTtllilllv IllT'lil'Ill! "And why llnil nut, llmt l.nlllr. Illiisi' tulTi'tlM of lllnocl;1 Not liri'llllH" (he insurgents ili'siml to nliolish tln ili'iilli pi'iiuHy. not cvi'ii Iiiic'iiiiso t !; v wislird to I'i'-cstiililish it, for tlnit su I . -. 1 1 ami nci'i'-siuT penalty lias nov i'T ci'ast'il to lie in honor anions tln'iii. ami cvi'l: to proilnec highly .satiM'ar torv results. No. they were wroth simply lieeallse it hail not lieeli ap plied! There are austere men for you! It was the imllllevnee, or net'li-'ellee. shown iii the administration of justice thai eM'iteil them to take up arms. An assassin kills, hut is not killed iu 1 1 1 tn : this inequality shocked theiu. i W hen they found that the murderer w ho had taken the life of a fellow-nian was jjoitli; to he let oil' with til'leen or twenty years, hard lahor, the honesty of the masses was outraged, ami their I indignation overcame their self-rc-'straint. Ami lo! they rush lo Ihe 'iat ! tie like madmen. 'I'hey force Ihe !ratesofthe prison: they clamor for 'tin' head of tiie felon, and especially for those of the unjust jui'V. and those i of the judges w hose venal cleiuancy j ( puts a quotation on expiation, and i graduates punalties according to the price pii.l down. And were they not violently checked, those suvaevs, raT r enoiis for justice, would lay waste the city with tire and steel i aiise the punishment lui not equalled tloeriiur - I aiise one murderer has escaped death. Ilo you know this is a very cu rious occurrence !' j "I must confess that Ihe ( 'iucinnati riot has won ine oier to the American Mohicans. Savages who liht simply in order that justice shall not liccoinc enervated through Ihe .suppression of the death penalty ar rtainly highly i'ivili.ed savages. I must admit they are soniet inics too ready to use the re volver, and that the imitation of ; American manners iu a city so popu lous as Paris would he iu exceedingly had taste. I am ipiite ready to ae knowledge that, on the whole, the ten dency to lynch, which has always 'I n very st rone; on the hanks of tiie Ohio, has developed and encouraged the sentiment of justice; ami. in spile of everylhiny; one cannot hut admire those principles which nothine; has heen able to soften or to eniascu late. , Tho.e are men, I tell yon men! I lirst studied td ui closely in the ( 'ointc ! de I'aris' hook, which is a veritable re velation of American character. I sec them aain now in the same liixhi - iulerpid and tcrihle! Ah! I advise the old world not to meddle wilh them. The old world would have an unwel come surprise! Think of il! Men who lihl and die because a jury was unjust! We are far from thai senti ment in France. A people whose ! ideas are so simple must he a strong; I pic indenl; anil when it dies for ils I idea, il isa people of heroes, I repeat. : il is a eivilieil ami civiliziue; people j only, that when di iwd by its chiefs, and hetraved bv its judii's. will revolt and die for Ihat supreme ideal of all civilization justice." Life in the Idaho Mines. At the summit there is a half-way house where, in a cabin half-hidden in the snow, one may for Ssl get a chance to stand around a smoky lire all night and eat supper and breakfast of bacon, bread, anil eoll'ce. A saw-mill, which started two months ago. is lying in pieces along the trail, its owner in a hopeless condition of mind and n help less condition of saw-mill. The llcl knap people boast that they will have a road and that they are to have the contract for currying the mail: but i is my opinion that they cannot make the road within six months, and that they know nothing as to what w ill he dono about the mail. Now, letters arrive by two special messengers anil cost .ri0 cents apiece. Ono of these messengers brings letters from the postotlice at l''ort Cieur d'Aleiie ami the other brings for Wells, Kargo Co. The lirst United Slates service will be an extension from Cu'tir d'Alene, and Ihis will not begil fortwo or three weeks. Convincing evidcuee of the condition of those trails may he found in the fact that to-day tiler, is a placard in front of one of the stores which reads: "Fifty men wanted to bring freight from Ihe summit." I went in and asked if any men had been found. "No, sir," said the storekeeper, as he marked 60 on a small jar of pick les. "What do you oflor to pay?" "Eight cents a pound. "How far is it?'' "Seventeen miles." So that it will be seen that, while Eagle has within its irregular bounda ries men in plenty who beg half-dollars with which to buy "grub, ' it has few if any who will go about this work. Cor. San Krancwco Chronicle. The Higgest Speech on Record. They tell a good story of "Ed." Sowlcs. Years ago he obtained leav to "writo out his ideas" for a direc tors' meeting of the Vermont and Cano ada railroad. He appeared at Hoston, followed by a darky carrying an old fashioned carpet bag containing an enormous roll of manuscript, from which Sowlcs read "idoas" through a morning and an aftornoon session, until ho wilted the collars of the entire f arty. When they broke tip, Lawyor lard, of Burlington, asked Sowles which way he was going homo, and Sowloa replied by White River Junc tion. "Oh, yes, of course, you could not go by Fitchburg, anyhow." "Why not, pray P' asked Sowlcs. "Because you oouldn't got that speech of yours through tho tunnel." Rutland Herald. N0TKS OF THK HAY. Twenty dollats a tree is whal an olive orchard nearSantu Marbara, Cal., paid last year. A Spiritualist temple, to ciM OHO. is being erected in the Hack bay region nf Itosimi. The prevailing fashion for babies this spring will be six fed of clothing to six inches of baby. A o-v car-ohl cat at t iaiiieville, (ia., has given birth to lifty-seveti kit tens at dilld'cut times. Mr. Julius C. Smith, of (ireenville, S. ('.. has a caeius-plant that contains lifty full-bloom llowers. The lir-t steam-hip of Ihe lirsi direct litie between the I'liiled Stales and Sweden is now on her wa here from Stockholm. Miss Mary It- (iranl. f Manitinicus Island, Maine, has achieved fame by rowing thrrugh live miles of rough water for the mail. I lie prolessioti iis of the varimi- Iase- ,:tn ri(S mv organized in the Tnilcd tst ates receive in salaries for Ihe season upwards of Slon oim A u,( MlV(.t' Mlii((I.til,. h:ls (.(.ivr(, ;( ( . aki fi)(. ti ..tuMili 7i home for "decked iiiiiil-frivrl's" on llii tin:i!ifi;il ?.ilu;!!iun. In Swain coiintv. North t'aroliua. there will he planted ihis year about one t housand acres iu tobacco, w hich is nearly tiie times the area planted hist vear. Chinatown, in S.ierament'i, Cal.. had a sensation laM Saturday over the ab. dllctionof a young female Celestial, valued al .l..Voo. T,c oilieers dually I vercd the girl, who had been car ried to the outirts of the tow ii ina riot lies-basket. A correspondent of Tit' ll't, ijh (N. C.) I'iri'ii'iif says: " saw. t In- other day. a good large Methodist church, in Haywood county, near Pigeon river, that was built, shingles, pulpit, pews, and all. from the tinibersohtaitied from one tree Ihat grew on Pigeon river." Considerable apprehension isfell lest the famous lio-toii common may, in the near future, be given over to busi ness. Already il is surrounded on three sides with liu-iiicss. mid commer cial men are looking at it with such covetous eves that sonic time or other the easterlv portion mav he lurucd iu- 1 reels. 1 The Chcrokecs of Indian Tcrritorv get .! oo.i ii in a year from a live-stock company forthe ue of a part of their gra.ing land, but yet the rctil amounts ! to only u' cents an acre. There were ii.ooo.oiKi acres of hind leased iu May. for live years, and the I ransactioii is douhtle.s the largest of the kind ever known. B In .lapan cvrrvhodv takes a real ho! balhoiicca ila. The rich bathe be fore dinner and at night. The w hole bolls. -hold dip ill tho same water. Pre cedence is given tn visitors, then the elders, followed by the young people according to age, and then the sei- 'vanis. ( iu gctiing out of the caldron ea"h bather gargles mouth ami thr.iut with cold aromatized water. Thev then fan caidi oilier until thev arc ait dry. A ouug man who v, as sent the other day by the lJo!uin. Mass. , court to the house of correction for four months, had on his person a diary, which in dicated thai by begging hehad secured about 'J..'io nr ;i a ila, and that he had I tl iu Ihe habit of havinga "good linic." Nearly every evening was marked as costing i'.'i cents tor ad mission to a theater, concert, or skating-rink. In the city of New York alone it is estimated lilat there are al prr-clit no fewer than four hundred millionaires, thirty of whom own from .-si.oou.oiio to .-'."111,1100.0011 apiece, while there are about leu who possess from .."io,oiiii.iioii lo l."iii.noo, each, Mr. William II. Vanderl.ili standing at the he-.d of the whole list with the niaginticciit ac cumulation of sc'oo.iiiui.tioo. "liich be yond the dreams of avarice" is no longer a mere rhetorical nourish. There is a man in Ih-rrieu county, .ieorgia. who has not slept in a house since the war. lie carries his entire wardrobe with him wherever he goes, as well as his pantry and kitchen uten sils, ami spends the night wherever dark may overtake him. lie is a veri table curiosity. He never reads news papers, claiming that to read the bible as it should be read occupies all of his time. Several days since he inquired of the editor of a paper if (leriuiiiiy and France were still at war, referring to the war of IS70. Col. A. Heaton liobertson. of New Haven. Conn., has a gold watch which is probably nearly two hundred years old. It was a present to him from Abrain llealon, his grandfather, who was horn iH 17711, and who reineinher ed his father carrying it, as far back as he could remember anything. It has double rases and a stop attach ment, with a second hand marking the ipiarters. The piece bears thrnaineof a Liverpool maker, but the date of its manufacture is not given. Notwith standing its age the watcli keeps ex cellent time. An old and skilled New York physi cian, when interviewed on the hot wa ter craze, said: "It has long been used. It is an internal wash, nothing more or less. As such it is excellent. An old trainer of prize lighters used to tell mo about it before I had ever heard of it elsewhere. He said he had cured everything from toothacho to rheumatism with it. My lady patients often beg me to perseribo it for them, and I very often do so somotiinca be cause I tliink it likely to do good, and sometimes becauso 1 don t think it will do any harm." A fisherman of Union Springs, Ala., has iuvented nn attachment to rishing hooks which is quite nn improvement. About midway of tho staff of tho hook ho has placed nstrnlt projection, which serves three purposes viz.: First, it Iirovonts a fish from swallowing the 100k; second, when a fish bites at tho hook if his mouth strikes the projection ho involuntarily closes It and is thus caught; third, it prevents bait from slipping up the hook. The hook has been tested by several expert local fishermen, nnd" all pronounce it la de cided success. When Curry, tho murderer who was hanged in Monroe, Ga., Friday last, was asked tomako his last statement, ho related that he had seen the ship nf Zion floating down l'cachtree street in Atlanta. This was not a dream, but a vision. This ship was crowded with little children dressed in white. Ho was standing un the sidewalk with a shot-gun in his. hand. He shot up in the air and a duck fell. A man on tho boat picked up the duck nnd hung it with a string. This convinced liim that the Lord wan going to hang a duok and not allow him to be hung. Nevertheless, .he waa hanged.