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VOLUME VII. ClIILLKOTIIK, LIVIX(!ST()X COUNTY, MISSOURI, THURSDAY, JULY 17, HSI. NUMBER 18. CURRENT TOPICS. KtiMKof Ihe best pictures in the Paris Salmi, art', as usual, coming to America. Onk hundred ami eighty women are enrolled as students in thu university of Michigan. Tiikkk is danger that the r()speroiis town of (irecuville, Miss., will slip into the river. A KKisito was lined Ijlll in the Wash ington police court for stealing a pint of whisky from Senator Mahonc. Swisiii.Kiisal Cincinnati niadeahout .-.'(K) by delivering bogus telegraph messages anil collecting therefor. Skvkha i. Maryland papers are crying aloud for the removal of Ihe useless and loudly-smelling alianlhiis trees. (intuitu; Aiiiistis S.u.A boasts that lie has written over 7,001) newspaper essays inn journalistic career of thirly ti v; years. A I'mi.Aiiiii.PiiiA woman drank a pint of coal oil with suicidal intent, hut, as she forgot to swallow a lighted inalch, she still lives. Tun Princo of Wales' health is not good. lie has taken a place near Dorking, in which ho hopes to lead a iuict life for some lime. It is said to lie a fact .that persons with light hair art; more siisceplilile than those with dark hair to all kinds of disease except chronic rheumatism FiiriincKX barbecues are advertised in Lexington county, Smith Carolina for duly and August, and the cauili dales arc expected to patronize all of Iheni. A si nsn ri tk for human hair is now made out of the inner lining of the bud of lb" palmetto tree. It can he mndu of any length, iintl dyed auv color. A mtti.k girl of liui'lington, Iowa saved S-100 from the sale of lluwois. Her father descried his family and car ried oil' the money. That assisted the nit Iher to a divorce. I'Ail.iNB Lli'CA, who is being Ircuii'tl for hay fever in London, scarcely looks a day older than she diil when she captivated American liuilioni es leu years ago. (Ik.iiiiiiia is fertile ill imagination as well as in magnetic girls. ACulhbcrt farmer lells of a swamp load which carried oil' a pig but could not pull his captive through the fence. ExrwiistKXTS made by M. Miintz with various kinds of water -spring, river, sea and rain water, also snow iirove that alcohol may be found in all, except in pure spring water. 'I'll r. Chinamen, having occupied Hi land on each sole of Ihe Methodist Episcopal church, on First street, Los Am'clcs, now express a desire to liny Ihe church building and make it a jots house. Tin: Key. Dr. Edward Everett Hal of Huston, has wilh him an ol'l ser vant. Abel Fiilloni bv name, who lias In wilh his family ever since lSl'J, three years before the doctor was horn. liAVAiiiiTAVi.oit'9 father and moth cr, slill living, up in the ninentivs In venis. inhabit the beautiful country house which Hnynrd built J ears ago at Keiinett Square, I'll., mil wlncli since his death has fniillessly been offered lor sale. A Ni'.w Yoiik theatrical manager says that he receives on an average fliirlv-livn "i' ''' "'"J' il wt'''k throughout the entire year. During Ihree years lie has accepted hul three of these, ami neither of tliein has yet been produced. Tnuni; i a sort of universal genius n I he town ol AlKinson, aie. ins principal business is blaoksniithing In one coi ner of his shun he has a den list's chair. He is also u lawyer, and the sparu room of his house Is his onicc. When he has nothing else to do he practices the trade of cabinet mak in!;. Tun American railroad system. which now extends over about lOO.OOO miles, has cost something liko $500, (1110,000, and nearly four-fifths of that amount has been expended on llio loco motives. There nro estimated lo he is mm railroad emrines now in uso, and they cost not less than $10,0011 apiece. Kkiika collcL'e is on the bonier line i.,.iivpcn the bluo grass region and the mountains of Kentucky. Tho pupils are divided Into about equal numbers between males ami females and be tween whites nntl blacks. Hoys and girls, white and black, sit sido by side together at a common table, ami rneiin iii the sumo class. On com mencciucnt day tho colors and tho sexes alternate on tno same piauorm Tub emperor of Anain has a largo picco of water in Ills pnluco, in wnicn i... b,,w 1,1b mscrvn troasuro. to bo n,i rej." - - loiiehod onlv in case of absolute neces sity. Tho onoy nol intcntlod for uso Is placed In the liollowcd-out trunks of Iroos, which nro ll rown into tho water. To keop away thioves and pro .! llio kind' himself from being tempted to draw upon this resorvo fund without suilioient cause, a mini i.r of nniekotliles lira kept in tho wa ler, llioir prcsonco nnd tho cortnlnty of being oaten alivo noting as a wnoio. ,,n mulct!, ur ntlfl InfllirillC' tllO BO' . riir of Mm rnvnl troasuro in a most effectual manner. When it heooraos indlspcnsablo to draw upon this novo! t,.ln of bunk tho ornckodilas havo to bo killed i hut this can bo done only with tho oniporor i permission aim and after tho manor nas Deenaury np 1 I II. a u.Ii.I.Iah nt MnlltAB HUT DON'T YOU TK1.L! iir Mrs. .limes, I'm glad you called ! 1 llnH'il you'd culm' to-ili'iy. ,w have vixi heard wind awful UilllL's Tlii v ti ll of Kldcr (inivi on haven't! Why, I hi'itrl lust uiiilit, Unit witur line henril In town, e went in ace lilt' lllacK l rook, snow, Altinir Willi lli'ileim llntivn. Itul ilnn't vim tell I'm sun vou won't! ceriums It Isn't so: Hut, really, that Is what I hey say turn I irciciui in Know . Now, Mrs. .Tones, do you toiottr Hint Mr. Snillli wlllt'linil: lit told liy those w liooiiixlit to know He swindles un tif.i meal. Two omici'ii sliorl u jHiunil, Die) say, Ann jusl llie siuiif mi len, And lie a ini'iulic r iti Hie rhuri-li, Alimir with vim uml me! Hut don't veil tell I'm Mile vou wou'l ! rlians 11 isn't so; ut that In what the irn.!c say t Hon l pri lenil lo know. They say llial Tlioiiqi.nill anil his wife .nisi nuarrri nilil ami nay. lie's (eiilnim. Well. ierll:ii UliTt'V i-:tll-c - 1 h:it s not lor me lo siiy. The way that woman iul's on airs Nciv hat anil illamoliil rl f nr. Ami e,inl, Kail, pnlillm; all the lluie, wiin ih-iiux upon ner si rinir. Hut don't you tell I'm sure you wtm'l! . l'erlnips' 11 isn't so; Hut, really, I lint is w hat t Tit-v say I lion I iri-teinl to know . Tliey say Unit Mrs. Johnson's not A new siik tires, ami sue Don't pay her washing hill, I'm told II eiime quite slraartil lo me. It's hlnli-il that her husliaiul drinks Anil triune es on the sly: Hul then folks irosslp so.' yoii know, Hill Ihank in v stars, nol I : Now ilou'l von tell I'm sure you won't! Thesi' IhlllL'S lllav not he so: Hul, really, Hint Is what lin y say 1 Hon l ii't'lt'iiii to know. t'int K. 1,'rsjhnl. IiAl'liEIt VAI-E'S LOVER. There were only u few people at Ihe Dolphin House -il was lale in Hie sea son, llie maple woons inane a low line of deep red against Hie auliiinu ky; llie ladies, loo, niiillled scarlet li'awls over their while dresses as they it on the piazza of the hotel over- lookingthc surf, listening to the band which still played jubilantly ill the unny afternoons. llie heiress, Miss y ale, who nan come lale, remained later. She liked Hie cold breath which crisped ihe surf, turned the maples red and made her horses dance over the smooth Hour of yellow sand which stretched for miles ilong the bay. Her faultlessly beautiful face, and Ihe more world-loving one of herauiit. laily met Hie view of the loungers as her sleek bays champed their silver bits down the shore road. She was inure often sccnabroad in liercarriage, but, being an old traveler, she was a rood walker, nntl oflcn came inlo tea with a dash of red m her smooth heck, her brown hair, damp with pray, curling closely about her lem ile. She had been oil foot It) (irape Point or the Shoals favorite retreats accompanied only by her great white hound, l'eri. Miss Vale was u litt'e peculiar, people said. Certainly, sue tun as sue pieaseti, wilh an unobtrusive independence which hardly need to have troubled liny one. She had irone out that day alter tlie storm to see the sea dash ami roll in its strcmrlh. The sun shone brilliantly on its dancing white caps as they set tled gradually inlo calm. She had sat a long while on the rocks, her great dog at her feet. .She was a ion" way from her hole!; bill Julia wailed down the beach witli her carriage, anil her aunt sat among the cushions ami read. There was no one but 1 t'l'i to see how lieaulifiil Laurel Vale was as she it a"iiinst the ragged black rocks, her Iressof steel-gray kirtlcd from her slight feet, her graceful shouldcr-simd linns lllltlilieti in a sou crimson sua i. The sunshine struck her perfect pro- lile under a black sofl-plunicil hal, warmimr her cheek, and bringing inlo relief the liriu dimpled chin; and those who had called lier coin wouin noi have accused her thus then, happy the smile of her red lips, so warm the light of her brown eyes. She loved llie sea- llirnetl upon us breath --delighted t be ipule alone witli it. So she did not mind how the hours went, though Aunt Tardon turn ed her hundredth page, and yawned among Hie purple cushions. "Come here, Sinliatl! A mellow masculine Voice came from nmoiiL' the rocks- too pleasant nntl nianlv a voice to wliilen Miss Vale's cheek with fear, certainly; but Willi ono swift silent motion she rose to her feet, pale as if she hail seen a ghost. t no L' anecti aroiiiin. a nine no hind and just below her stood a gentle man a blue-cycil man won a lair beard, a great tawny dog fawning at his feet. He met her slarlb tl ''az't Willi ono equally startled I hen instinctively rinsed Ins Hat. Alter an insiani ne came slowly up Hie rocks, almost re luctantly it seemed, lie, loo, was pule now. "Laurel, he said gently. You miirlil have understood then wbv people called Mi s Valo cold iter fair mobile countenance seemed to harden over her spiril like a mask. Slio hail but one thought Hint after live years Eiilleriiiir she bait conio to bo happy, when here, before hcragain, stootl the destroyer of her peace. She mado a swill, involuntary gos lure, as if lo keep him oil". A quick. pnthotio sadness swept across liis face as no saw ii. And so you hate me, ho said, slowly. Slio cauglit tier nreaiii. "I do not know," slio gasped. The great tawny dog .milled at the hem of her stcol-grnv dress, iintl then lookod up in her face, wagging his tail. His master motioned him away. "No!" sho cried, bending over the handsome creature. "He lisod to love mo." Huron Alvorton looked at her Willi his bluo oyes and groaned. "Laurel," saitl he, witli a line an- pcalinir costui'o. "I used to lovo you. Yot to-day you would uot touch me with your beautiful hand ns you touch Hint bruioi Aim i ueservo m Sho soeiue.il to look nt him then for tho first timo, though only for an in- slant. If sho saw how his faco had changed in livo yours nntl wns stirred to pity, slio rnvo no sign. She turned her head aside nnd seemed to watch tho two dogs frolicking down tho bo nch. "No oxcuso could bo invented for mo," ho wont on. "Yon woro ono of tho swootost, truest women Hint over breathed, and my promised wife. 'Not a shadow stood botweon us when mot Nollio Dimploton. But I knew loss of women than I do now. I oould not moasuro you, npprooiato you ns 1 havo done siuco. 1 wns a loot to uo won from you by a pretty fneo, though Hint laco had sot llio artists crany. Ah, woll, you do not nvon PWO to listen to mer Shu had gathered up her gloves nntl parasol to depart, hut paused. "Laurel," he continued, "in the old days you were never revengeful or vindictive. If you were bolli now, you migbl gloal over the misery of my married life. I nni utterly wretchcii. Let Ibis jusl decree repay you for my base desertion," "Huron! where are yon?" called a querulous voice. A dumpy tigurc in blue hail paused at the foot of the rocks, ami a pair of lackliisl re blue eyes now looked up al Iheni, Ihe owner apparently not caring to ascend. It was a blonde, faded, sickly face, fretful anil careworn, though Mrs. Alvcrtnu had evidently oiue been very pretty. Lifting his hat to Laurel, ltaron Al vcrlon turned, went down Hie rocks and joined her. A few sharp words followed, which Laurel overheard. The following winter develops a strange surprise al Nutwood, Miss Vale's home. Her aunt, Mrs. Tallinn Ardley, the most wcll-ineaniiig of dis agreeable persons, chose to engage herself in marriage In Mr. Abel Crab tree, the sourest, of bachelors ami liaron Alverlon's uncle. Laurel was sj 'bless with surprise. "Why tlo you marry him, Aunt Par don?" she asked at last. "Are you not happy here?" "Ilccaiise he is rich," answered Mrs. Pardon, "and I want a home of my own. I've no doubt vou mean well, Laurel, but I don't always approve of your ways." Her niece was silent, ami the prep arations for Ihe wedding Commenced. If Aunt Pardon tlid not approve of Laurel, slit) had no hesitation in de manding her atteiilion, her carriagi her servants, for this uiomculious in casion. W illi great piticuce Miss Vale al lowed herself to be set on one side in liei'own house while the arrangements for her mint's marriage went on. "So vexatious!" cried Aunt Pardon. "That disobliging Miss Trimmings ab solutely refuses lo come out liere anil make my dresses, but says she will untlciiakc them if I will come to town for a few thus. I suppose I must do il; ami Mr. Crahtrcu proposed lasl night that we in list come tti his place, a very nice private boarding house, quite exclusive, in fact." She stopped, beaming; but Laurel, wlio felt really loo liretl for any new exertion, liesiiuled to respond. "Wouldn't some one else tlo?" she asked al last. "Some less important person than Miss Trimmings might be found to come here." "No, indeed! There's nobody so stylish and high priced. We must go, certainly we miisl, Laurel! Hut. by 1 lit; way, Mr. I rabtrce says Ins nephew your old beau, liaron Alvcrton, ami his wife are slaying there now." "Where?" as'keil Laurel, bewildered. "At his boarding house. People :iy his imirnage ilulu t turn out wcl Mrs. Pardon rallied on, not. heeding her niece s silci-ce, "for his wife acted like a crazy yvomaii when he lost some of his money last year rated him so, il was really unite scandalous! Did you see her on the beach hist fall? Such a while faced thing! Thev say he lakes arsenic for her complexion. I don't call her pretty, though she was ill llie mge live or six years ago. 1 believe she's losl hcrlieaith loo niiich lissipatioit. 1 ve heard that she's awfully jealous of her husliaiul. though he don't give her the leasl cause, ami hears il like a lainn. Laurel and her aunt were at Mr. Crablrce's boarding house - certainly loiiictaud luxurious retreat enough. Laurel hud been loth enough lo come; but here she was. and Mrs. Pardon, ut least, was satishcd, for the mornings were endless rounds of shopping ami the afternoons momentous periods of Irving on the new dresses. As for her niece, her greatest appre hension was that she should encounter liaron Alvcrton: but a lilllet'issiniilar ily in meal hours warded oil' this event until llie very lasl ingiit ot ner slay in town. ' She hail been restless and eoiiid not lecp. At about 11 o'clock she thought she would go to her aunt s room, as that lady did not retirecarlv, mid gel a certain book, which might ilivcrt her mind ami quiet her nerves. As she passed along Hie rich halls in her velvet-shod feet, a door was llung open and a wild-cvcd maid rushed mil. "in, sue cried, ill sigin oi i.aurei, won't vou come in a minute? I'm afraid she is dving!" Amazed, Laurel stepped within Hie loor. A little liguru in blue writhed upon the floor, yet evidently Mrs. Al vcrton was partially unconscious. "I tiiM her hiishaml a doctor quick!" exclaimed Laurel. Willi incredible strength, she lifted the helpless woman in her arms ami laid her upon Ihe. bed. In Hie next moment of horror she saw that Mrs. Alvcrton ha.l ceased to breathe. As she liirni'd to hasten coming feel which sho heard, sho encouiilercil liaron Alvcrton. White ami shucked, he ga.ctl at the pallid faco upon tho pillows. "It has come as I feared,'' ho cried, clinching his hand upon his harriissed brow. "She is dead from an overdose of arsenic." .And in n few moments all the house was startled by tho sad truth. The 1st of March Mrs. Pardon Ard ley became Mrs. Abel Crabtrce. 'it wns a strange mockery of flowery symbols and lovers' vows to Laurel Valo. Indeed, so strange a shadow seemed upon nil tho world that sho would clasp her hands over her oyes, sometimes, and ponder ns if in a night mare that must broak soon, or she would lose consciousness forover. Ever sineo that nulumn tlay by the rockni"- sea neneo socmen to nave tic- sorted her. Outwardly sho had been culm , hut Inward unrest now seared her brain and burned away hcrslrcnirth. All summer tho drooped alone at Nutwood, tn tho auluiun ner physi cian declared thai sho must go down ny llio son. "(Jo down to tho Dolphin House for nfew yyeeks with my family," Dr. Stone said. "Victor will bo llieto nntl will tako euro of you, referring signilieant ly to his son, who had long openly ad mired Miss Vale. lint sho wont only with her maid anil Juba, though sho found tho doc tor s Iniuily congonini company. Tho soa received hor kindly. It blow Its salt breath in hor face, bright- onod hor beautiful oyes, qnlekoned hor strongth. Tho hurried pulsations be gan to boat moro slowly ana evenly Dut there was a secret want. "Oh, for somo ono to lovo mot somo ono whom I could love!" sho oricd ono day, dropping hor fnoo in hor arms up on tho rai'ired rocks. "X lovo you, Laurel, but it is toolato for you to lov nio," yllblgd a volco at tier siusi She lifted her head. She nnd liaron Alvcrton looked into each other's eyes. His sad gaze read all her si niggle. "(Mi, It'll mo the truth! ho prayed. Perhaps Hie sea. sounding ils grand thunder in her cars, helped her to ri e move all pel I mess. "I love vou, liaron," she saitl, sim ply; and both were happy! The Cholera (levin. A Culeiilla letter says: Tlicie isffnod reason lo believe I lint Ihe visit to Cal cutta of Hie (icriuan chflcra com mission (which consists of Drs. Koch. 1-iM-lier, ami datlkv) has been f ill 1 1 In I of a very important discovery. Tho in vestigations inane ot llie ciiiiillissioii in Egypt last year had already iniiicut- 1 the existence in an iruc eases ol cholera of a peculiar microscopic para site, or brttrilhts, as it is termed in medi cal language. In all cases which came under tlicirexaniination. Dr. Koch ami bis colleagues observed these parasites in e-reat number, bolh in the intestines of persons who hail tlied of cholera and in Ihe dejecta ot cholera paiienls. i ne same parusiles were uniformly found in all cholera cases examined in India. Moreover, although looked for with minuteness and care, no parasite cor responding to t lit-in could be found in connet'lioii witli oilier diseases, such as dysentery and dia'Thica, which have some resemblance lo cholera. The (act, therefore, of a close relation between Ihe parasile anil Ihe disease of cholera would seem In be placed beyond a doubt. The coineiilelice wolllii lint ill itself, however, as is obvious, warrant us in regarding the parasite its the cause of llie malady, for as Dr. Koch is himself willing to allow, it may la the consequence. From a further di-covcry maile by llie commission in Calcutta there is no reason to believe that Hie relalinti of the parasite to the disease is one of cause: in short, that Ihe parasile is Ihe liiiig-souglil-for cholera germ. While Hie commission was in Calcutta a spo radic out break of cholera of great in lensily occurred in the native quarter of the" town, ill the ni'igliliorli ind of a dirty tank or pond. On examining the water in Ibis pond Dr. Koch ami his cnlleagues discovered to Iheirjoy Ihut it swarincil with the parasile which they had bilhcrln failed In liud Hillside llie human subject. The water had been used, according lo Indian haliib. bolh for drinking anil bathing pur pi iscs by the people aiming whoin the outbreak had occurred. It was further observed Ihul as the outbreak subsid ed eoineiilcntly Hie waler became clear of Hie parasile. Here was a great slep ill furtherance of tho inquiry as to the etiology of cholera. Another slep. and the artilicial propagation of the disease by means of the parasite successfully accomplished, the commission could hare reported lo Prince Bismarck Ihe completion of one of the most imporl aul discoveries ever made in medical science. Hut Ihe lasl link completing the chain of evidence has yet lo be forged. All the attempts of' Dr. Koch and his colleagues lo artificially propa gate cholera liy means of the parasile, whether found in Ihe water or in Hie human subject, h ive been without suc cess. Many experiments have been niade witli a view to reproduce the dis ease by iiioeiilaliou in animals, but all have failed. Mailer containing llie parasile lias been mingled wilh llie fond of mice, cats, ami dogs, bill their heallh has apparently not been dis liirhcd. The argument from analogy meanwhile goes slrongly to show Hial in the parasile which a pair of Herman spectacles has revealed Hie cholera germ lias at length yielded up the dark mystery of existence. To Dr. Koch it fell some years ago In tlisenver the parasite, or hiti-illus, which causes the disease of splenic fever ill animals, anil later In make the still more important discovery that tubercle or consumption was also caused by a luirillitx peculiar to il. Oilier investigations have furl her traced Ion parasite the malady union"; fowls known as "chicken cholera, ' while there is strong reason to believe thai the malaria associated willi Hie Roman caiupagna is also of a parasitic origin. These cognate cases lead to the belief that Ihe true exciting cause of cholera has been found in Hie para site discovered py tin ennimissinii. As the investigation on which Hie commission is engaged is of a kind that can not be favorably ; rosccutcd in In dia during Hie hot season. Dr. Koch and his colleagues shortly return lo Icrinany, but hope lo be able lo per suade the (icrniau government to nl- Inw Iheni to cetiirn to India next win ter In continue Hie inquiries which have hud so fruitful a result hitherto. linoks )lnile of Clay. Far away beyond the plains of Mes opotamin, on the banks of the river 1 ii'i'is, lie Hie rums ot Ihe ancient city nf Nineveh. Not long since huge minimis of earth ami si. me marked Hie place where palaces nntl walls of the proud capilol of the great Assyrian Empire stood, I lie spatlc. hrsl of llie frenchman, then ol llie I'.iigiisniuan, has cleared all the earth away, and laid hare nil thill remains of Ihe old streets and palaces where the princes of Assyria walked nntl lived. The gods tliey worshiped ami the books they read have all been revealed to the sight ot a wondering world. The most curious of all I In) curious things pre served in this wonderful manner are the clay I ks of Nineveh. The chief library of Nineveh was contained in the palace Konyunjik. The clay books which it contains are composed of sets of tablets covered wilh very small writing. The tablets are oblong in shape, uml when several of them arc used for one hook, the lirst line of Hie tablet following was written at one end of the one preceding it. The writing on the tablets wns, of course, done when the clay was soft, mid then it was baked tn harden il. Then each tablet, or book, was numbered, nntl assigned to a place in tko lihrury, with n corresponding number, ro that Hie librarian could easilv Iintl it, hist as our own librarians of lo-day number the hooks wo lean. Among these books nro to bo found collections of hymns (lo tho gods), descriptions of animals ami uirtis, stones anil vcgeia hies, as well as history, travels, etc The Assyrians and lluhylonlans were great sludonls of nstronomy. The method of telling timo bv tho sun, nnd of marking it by au Instrument culled a sun-dial was invented by llio lattor nation. Nono of our modern clocks and watches can bo compared to the sun-dial for accuracy. Indeed, we havo to regulate our modern inventions ny the ancient isunyiuniun system l'rintcrs' Circular. It Is lucgcsti'u' Out tho authors of "bVnulifu Snow" nut) "Tho llrcattwinncri" linkl ft con vention In Milwaukee. Wlillo Milwaukee would bo pleased to iiilt'rlalii autli a dis tinguished crowd it has hardly liutel room enough lo accommodate twenty tlioiMud, that beliiR the oumNir who claim tho luttonblpi Ptck'i Sim, llllt.MtlIVS (iltKAT I.EOACY. ilnw Kurty Years Have Served tn I'riive llie K.ilslly of linnli'l Wt'lisliT's I'ri'ilii'lioii. It is now :i liltle more than forty years since Daniel Webster argued in Ihe llnileil Stales supreme court to break Hie will of Stephen Oirard, ami declared of his plan for Ihe education of the young that "while il lives it will lead an annoyed uml Iroiihtetl life. Slid leave an unblessed memory when it dies." The great repulalion of llie author of these words ami the position which (iiranl college now occupies in the hearts of those whn have been liiiiirisheil within ils walls give an ad ditional interest to Hie p ophecics ut tered on that occasion. The argument began on February 20, lsl-l, ami lasted three days. The importance of Hit) tpieslion at stake can he estimated from Webster's own words when he styled it "a question certainly the mightiest which Ibis court has ever been called upon In cnlisidel', uml one of till' highest illnl iiinsi important, in my opinion ever likely I lot) before il. Thill lles- lion is whether, in the eve of cquilalile jurisprudence. Ibis del ice be a charily In all. 1 deny that il is sn." Cm! tinning, he said: "Il is no eliaritv. because the plan of education pro posed bv Mr. (iiranl is derogatory lo the Christian religion, (cuds lo weaken men's reverence for that religion and their conviction for ils aiillmriiv and importance, ami therefore in its gen eral character tends In iHisi-hievniis ami lint in useful ends." Upnn a queslioii Hint is now oc cupying the minds of moralists - namely, Salihnlh observance Mr. Webster said; "There can he no Sah biilh in litis college; there can be no religious obst'i-viiuei' of llie l.onl'sday. for I here are no moans of all 'lining Hint cud." lbit prnliahly an assertion which seems most grotesque in li;;hl of Ihe eleven hundred buys now sheltered in Hit liege buildings, and Ihe many hundreds more whose innlliers are anxious that llioir little ones should be nurtured by llio same fiislering care, was I hat a parent would be reluctant tn allow his buys lo be educated at (Jirard's proposed college, lie saitl: "Ami I would ask: Would any Christian man ennside-; il desir able tor his orphan children, after his tlcalli. tn tintl refuge within this a-V In til iiuiler all the circumstances am! iiilliiences which will necessarily siirruiiiul its inmates? Are Ibere or will there be any Christian parents wlm would desire I bat llicircliililreii should" he placed in such a scbnii, tn be for twelve y ears exposed tn llie pernicious influences which tuiisl be brought to bear on liieir minds? I very much iloiini n inere is :iiiv i iirisnau liiiher who hears me this day, ami I umqiiilc sure I here is no Christ inn mother, whn, if ciil'ed upnn tn lie tlnwii upon the bed of death, although sure to ive her children as pnni'cliililreii can be left, would imt rather trusl them. nevertheless, to the Cbriilian eharilv of the world, however uncertain it has been said to be, than place them where their physical wauls and comforts would be nhiiudanllv allciideil lo, Inn away from the snlaees and' cousnla- tions, the hopes and Hie grace of Ihe Christian religion. She would ralher trust them lo Hie mercy :uul kindness f licit spiril which, when il has noth ing else lefl, gives a cup of cold wilier in the name of a disciple; lolhal spirit which has its origin in llie ftniutaiii of all good, and of which we have on reenril an example Hie puis! beautiful. Hie must touching. Ihe nmsl iiileusely all'ccling that the world's history con. tiiitis I mean llie tillering of Ihe ininr widiiw who threw her lvo miles i tit ti the treasury." A lillle further nil Mr. Webster said: 'iiut his school of lcurning is tint tn be viilueil, bet'iiuseil has not Hie chast ening iiilliiences of true religion ln' cniisc it lias no fragrance of the spiril nf Christianity. It is not a charily, for it has nol that which gives lo a charily for education ils chief value. Il w ill therefore snnlbe Ihe hcurltif no Christ ian part ut, dying in poverty and dis tress, thai those who owe to Iheni their being may be led ami fed ami dollied by Mr. (iirard's bounty at llie expense of being excluded from all the meaiisoi religious insiriiciion aiiom- l to other children, and shut up through Ihe must Interesting period of their lives in a seminary without ri1 ligi'ii! and with moral sciilinienls as cold us ils own marble walls." After reviewing Hie law on Iheques liiin al issue, the great expounder of the constitution concluded bv saving: "In my opinion, if Mr. iirnrd had given years tn '.lie study nf a mode by which lie could dispose, of his vu,sl for tune so that no good cniiltl arise tn the general cause nf charity, no gnntl lo the general cause of learning, no good tn human society, ami which should he must productive of protracted strug gles antl dllliciillics in the popular counsels of a great city, he could nol so effectually have attained that re sult as he has by this devise now he- fore Ihe court. I oeliove thai this plan, this schene, was unblessed in all ils purposes and in all its origi nal plans: unwise In all ils frame and theory. While it lives it will lead an annoyed and (milled life, ami leave an unblessed memory when it dies. Vhil'itldphiil llt'vartl. A Dozen Historical Fuels. The thugs were suppressed in India in 1HS0. Only three patents were issued in 17U0 iintl only eleven in 1792. In 1V.I8 the Hank of England issued small silver pieces worth live shillings; they w ere culled bank tokens. Sealing wax containing shellac, tlid not conio into general use in England anil Germany until 1 ."."(. Hetl wafers woro made in 11)21. Tho Chiucso aseribo the discovery of llio pole star to Hong ti, one of their Emperors, who, they believe was the grandson of Noah. Instead of a flail the Unmans used a machine called n trihiiluin, a sledge loatletl with stones nntl iron drawn over the corn sheaves by horses. It Is said that notaries public were lirst appointed by the fathers of tho Christian Church to collect the acts or memoirs of tho lives of the lirst century martyrs. Two sorts of spurs woro in uso in England at tho timo of tho Neman conquest, ono with a singlo point and tho othor with several. Tho sort noiv in uso woro first mnilo about 1400. Tho nutno and litlo of Fortescuo ciiiuo from tho conduct of the ancestor of tho bourn), who protoeted William I. with his shield at Hastings, and thonco acquired tho namo l'ortosouo, or strong-shlold. Charles II. was fond of miisio, but only of that iu which the time was vory marked. In ennsoqnonce tho laorotl imisio written (or the Chapel .-t .. . ' linyal in his day sounds as if meant fur Hie ball-rnoiii. Toward Ihe end of the lasl century. 1 hit publisher of the Evening Mail was arrested bv order of the House of Commons for publishing the debutes, and llie Lord Mayor was sent to the Tower for liberating him. IJueen Mary of England in Hill I. Hie Ktnpernr of Ucrinany in 1711, ami the Dauphin and Dauphiness of France ami their son in I7l2.lhc Emperor of liussia in 17:10, ami Louis V.. of France in 1771, area few of the nival personages who hale died of smallpox. "10 Rounds, I', S." (In the return of Hie loth crops f nun Ihe relief of Kuoxville. afler having marched nil Ihe way from Memphis ami back lo Chaltaiiooga, a soldier of llie St Ii Missouri -one of Sherman's bummers, an Irishman who bail been :l roustabout on the levees of St. Louis came straggling along behind the column on a cold, dreary day, for that section; his knapsack slung tin one shoiibler. his blanket over Ihe other; across his hrcasl and lied at his led hip. a greasy, but einply haversack: his pants wnru ami rcul in manv places and in nlhcrs sewed up willi cord: no peak tn bis cap, his miiskel nl "reversed anus," and ulliigclher pi'i'senliug the appearance of general disgust iiud deiuora izatiou Off' from Iher 1 he was attraelcd by a head quarters 1 1 m and sentinel in a ileal ami coniforliilile uniform, whom he approac hint and accnsteil, when Hie fol nw ing dialogue ensued: "1 say. Sinlinil, could ye tell me where me riginieul is?" "What reginieiii do you belong to?" "Eighth Misslinrv, sure." "Wind division?" "Morgan 111 L Stuil's, nv course." "What brigade?" "Phw.it brigade? Faith, an' don't ye know it tides Sniil's the Siicund brigade nf Morgan Ill's division." What corps is il in?" "I'hwiil ciinr is il? All, thin, je blackguard, dot'sinl even hotly know thill ils Hie Fifteenth enor?" "How could I It'll what crops vou helong In, when ynu have no arm V badge?" "Nna badge, is it? Cool' badge! Sow, thin, phwat's a t r badge?" "Do ynu sec thai crcs-t'iit on mv partner's hal? Well. Hint's (he badge of his corps Ihe F.levcnlh: and this star on my cup is the badge of my corps - Hie Twelfth." "1 In, lin! I sec now. Thiol's Ihe liglils vez Poloiiiiic iiycs have lo show liouie some dark nights. Vez, lakes the moon and shlurs along will ycz." Laughing al llie willy remark, the .senliiielrcspondcd: "Well, what'sthe badge of your cm ps?" Ilcsilaliug a iuomi.nl In gather it thought, then making a lefl face ami slapping his hand on his earl ridge box. llie Irishman replied: "D'ye see llial?" Tlicii a inoinetil's pause "Forty rounds in my cartridge-box and twenty in my pocket that's the budge of Lo gan's loth cool', do ycz mind thai! thai keni all Ihe way from Vickshurg to help ycz Polomac fellers foiglit at Chattanooga." The incident having been related lo Cencral Logan the same evening by an ollieer who overheard il, the cartridge box bearing Ihe legem! "to Kimmls. P. S.," wasat once adopted byCt'llcrill Logiiti as the corps badge. and :t gener al order lo that ell'eel issued next day. .'. Ships Mailing in Air. "Al Ihe time I discovered il." said Capl. Wilson, of I hi' slciiiut'i' Tangier, "wo were oil' Walls' island, in ihe P luiike sound. The tlay was clear anil brigli1. I was slantiing on the hiirricuiie deck forward willi a passen ger, ami we were coniiiieuliug on Hie strange action of u dense line of smoke which rose perpciiilicnliirly from (be slack of a saw-mill in Poconioke city, which lay lo the east of us. My at teiilion wa called tn the distinct nul lities of a lliri't'-niastcil schooner which appeared above the line where the smoke spread "ill and disappeared. 1 could hardly believe my senses, and. culling llie allenlion of ihe gentleman who was willi ine to Ihe strange sight, I rushed into Hie pilot-house nnd got my glasses. Through them I discov ered more clearly Ihe oiitlin es of the vessel. There 'was evidently on breeze, as the sails were ly ing inboard. Then I scanned Ihe horizon on cither side of the smoke willi the "lasses, and discovered four ailililiouarsehooiicrs. all of Iheni similarly rigged, and all wearing a full set of sails, which were also Inboard. They vi re more or lei's distinct, us they were nearer or farther from the sin ire. Three nf them pointed loth ami two soulh. The vessels were eiiveliipetl ill whiit scemctl n transparent haze, which I at once .'op posed was the ocean. Fringing the lower edge of the haze were the out lines, perfectly distinct, of the Allan- lie coasl, between Chincolcaguc anil Cobb's islands. Even the inlets anil small canes were discernible. Next iippcnred the broad waters belwetu. Hie outer liar uml Ihe mainland. This was also depicted as a haze, the bind 1 1 ix fl in it'll lino ii hero ami inert). Skirling the lower edgo of this haze ras the mainland, with open ticlds ami lumpsof trees. The mirage extended down lo the meeting lino of tho land ami eastern horizon. 1 called all the passengers up from the lower deck nnd saloon, antl all of llicm gazed at tho phenomenon wilh wonder unit with admiration. Tho sight lasted about twenty minutes, anil gradually disap peared from view." dipt. Wilson stated thai a land breeze had prevailed for soveral days previous to tho mirage, nnd the phen omenon is accounted for on tho ground that there wns an unequal refraction nf Hie lower strata of llio atmosphere. This is the lirst known liislnneo of n mirage being seen in the lower Chesa peake, llio phenomena is. However, not infrequent in tho Chesapeake, and Capl. Wilson states that ho oneo saw Cope Point light from tho lower end of Tangier island, a dislaneo of thirty eight miles. Ho calculated tho dis tance of tho niirago a few ilavs ago to bo thirty mllos. iiammore ucraia. High Livers. It is said that Will. II. Vanilerbill's household expenses nlouo nro $250,000. August llelniont is nlso credited with boing n princely liver. His yearly ex penses, exclusive of nrt and eqtilno purchases, nro rated at $100,000. Jay Gould is much moro modoratc. His family ontortnin but little, although thev have a raairnilicont houso. Including tho expenses of liij summer houso nt jrvingion, air. tioiuu uoes not spond ovor $50,000 a yonr. Snmul J. Tlldon, who- is a partial in vnlid and a baoholor, sponds moro than Hint, but doliglits to ontortnin his frionds. Cvrus W. Viold Is a ffood liver and he entrtftiB ft. (jrtftt doal. 4flfMHf yyqt i Olllt NATAL HAY. How tin- first Kniirlli nf .Inly Vai Oliscrvrtl In (he I nlliil stairs. The Fourth has been celebrated one hundred nnd fight times. The lirst cel ebralion. thai of 177(i,tlitl not take place on the -ltd of July, but occurred at a variety of dales, ae'cortliiig to Hie loca tion of (lie celebrating place. The independence of Hie country from British rule had been talked of for several years before linal action was taken. As early as 177:1 the town of Mention, Massachusetts, adopted reso lutions regarding the rights of man ami the origin of governments nntl Hie example of the Massachusetts low n was followed ill various oilier lo calities within the next three years, sn Hint by Ihe spring nf I77ii the inde pendence of Hit inlry was the up permost Ihniiglil ill men's inimls. MOW Till'. PKt'l.AIIATItlN WAS A lit IITIill. On the 7th nf June, Kiehaid Henry Lee, of Virginia, introduced into llie Colonial Congress in Philadelphia a series of resolutions, Ihe lirst of which was That these Tnilcd Stales are ami of right ought lo be free ami independent stales; thai they are absolved from all allegiance to Hie lirilish crown and that all political cniineclinii belwccn Iheni ami the State'of Croat llrilain is and might In be totally dissnlvetl. A cnnmiillce. consisting of Thomas .Icll'i'i'soii, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, linger Sherman ami It. It. Livingston, was appointed to draw up a declaration. The lirst draft was presented on .lime 2Slh, hut Hit fin ished form was not decided on until Ihe aflcri I of July lib. The Decla ration of Independence was ordered printed ami ilislrilmtetl throughout the country. TIIk' l lllsT CKI.KItltATIIlS. On llti' Ktli of July il was publicly read al Philadelphia amid Hie illlnosl popular eiilhiisiiism. The Cniuniillce of Safely had ordered Hie reading of Ihe I li i l:i i al i Hi of Independence at iioiiii. ami at Hint hour the Commitlee of Safely and lu-pccliou. Hie officers of the cilvatiil many members of Con gress iiiiirclied out of the Stale House inln the y iii'tl, where a greutcrnwd had ussfiuhlfd. Jnlin Nixnn, ii member nf the Commillee of Safety, read Hie Declaration from llie balcony of the Observatory. As he linishctl, the great bell nf Hie' Slate House pealed forth ami slarleil the festivities which were continued Ihroughoul (he tlay. As the DcclaraCon was received in other lowtis appropriate eelcbralioiis occurred. At New York Hie crowd showed its enthusiasm by tearing down a large cqiieslriiin statue of the king. The lead of which it was ennst meted was afterwards mniihled into In.nnu bullels. Funnel' Erupt ions of Krakiil iu. The earliest, accounts of Kraknluu we have been able In nhlain are con tained in a fiirinus old volume, "Aeii iiierckclijkc lieyscu van Klias Hesse uac eu in lliisl-lmlieii van'! jaar l'il lol ICS " ( "ISemarkuble Journeys of F.lias Hesse to the K:i-I Indies from Hie Year II W0 to HiM"). published in Hlrechl ill Hi'.H. The author relates thai he passed on Ihe Pllli of Novem ber. HSKI, "the island of Craoaloiiw. which is uninhabited. Il had about a year before Proken out in eruption. Il can be seen far at sea, w lien one is slill ninny miles distant from il on ne count of' llio coiiliiiuiilly ascending smoke of llie lire; we were wilh our ship very close under the sbnrc; we cntilil perfectly well and accurately see Hie wholly burned Ireeson the lop of Ihe mountain, lull mil Hie lire itself. About the same period Joliann Wil lielin Yogfl, one of I lit' Dutch ICiist India company's servants, w ho pub lished ill 1 7 H :i very interesting ac count of liis travels there, passed lliroiigh the straits, lie says: "On Feb. 1, 1IIHI, by (bid's help, in front nf Hie si raits nf Siinda, where, with great aslnnislimeiil. I saw licit the island of Crackelouw. which on my former journey lo Sumatra appeared so very green ami gay wilh trees, lay now al together burned up and waste before our eyes, ami spued mil lire from gicat lireliiilcs. And mi inquiry at Hie ship, ('apt at what timo it broke i mil I was (old that it was in May, l(Wo . . . The former year, and when he was on his voyage from Bengal, he hail met with n gteat storm, uml about ten miles from this island he encountered all earthquake on the sea, followed by most frightful thunders ami cracklings, from which he imagined that nn island or else a piece of Hie kind - hail burst up, and shortly thereafter, ns they drew a lit tle closet wilh the ship tti the land, anil were emtio near to the niniilh of the Siimln slrails, it was evident thai the island of Cracke'.ouw had bnist out, and his conjecture was correct for he ami all the ship's company preccived tho strong sulphur atmosphere, also the sen covered wilh pumice, . . . which they seooped up as curiosities." Save for llio observations of passing travelers, by whom the great beiuily of its tree-clatl slopes, the lirst ver dant spot to meet llio eye after weary weeks at sea, has been gratefully de scribed, llio volcano, after it died out, lias hail an iineveiilful anil unrecorded history. I'tmular .svfaicc Monthly for July. The Aborigines of Australia. 'I'ltn nl.i.ftiriima il A liat Cll 1 ML fllt'll UK l.r.l l II,., I,,,n,ls of llm British set tlers as havo tho North American In dians in their contact Willi llio while pioneers. Huron Maclay, tho Russian naturalist, writes to tho F'nglish (!ov crnment thai tho white men in Aus- trtilin tltia.L- ll.ktllilinr ttf lukittlT Hlfl HVPS .. n,itiva f.,r li-iviol (ilVensna. nnd th.lt juries acquit them of tho crime. Un- lortunaio wrcicncs nro roicu m wounded for stealing a few pieces of tnK...... A abltnuir mi llin south noiUlt of Now (iuinoa opened tiro upon somo naiivos iviia a revuiiei-, one uvui mmi. llirollgll mo onoy- nun i,y,f iimiifl .l..,l In H,e lin, Its 1,,,,'ILIIKI) SO1110 to- haceo Iintl lieen purloined. The matter Is lo no Drouglil i ojoro rarmununi. isosion jeurntu. An Old Building. TK nl,lsf hiiildintT in thu ancient littlo town of Hcpponheim on the Borgslrasso, onco the favorite hunting castlo of Charlomngno, later alter nately used as a convontiolo by tho Knights Tomplar and by monks as woll as nuns, in moro modorn days as a town hall, Is now uiolnmorphosod into a olgnr mo ory. 010 trnnsii t;trtt M.,,,.' An Linn, of the ntTO of the little town (by tho Komnns called llnnldiini'l niuv bo formed from llio well authenticated tradition that t. .W..n. .una lltn hnililnr nf t.hA Vimi ivinnfuw " " -- Basilica St. Peter iu oonimomoration of the fact that there existed within its walls ft Christian conimuulty in tho dayi ol ttto great pnno, FACT AND FANCY. Baltimore lias two female bnso-ball unit's. Pittsburgh, Pa., lias banished hand organs. A Mr. Axiaxxaxy visited Hny t. Louis, Miss., last week. A li year-old child near Courtland, fill., weighs 107 ptiiintls. New Delaware winter wheat is in the Philadelphia market. A woman near Erie, Pa., fell dead while whipping her daughter. All newspaper men in Louisiana have to pay a license fee of $5. Waldo county, Maine, exported ono million dozen of eggs last year. A conipctilivo trial of windmills is to take place in Philadelphia next Sep tember. The negro principals have been dis missed from the Uichiiiontl colored htmls. Turtlc-lishing is a prominent busi ness uniting llie watermen nit.i-u.ii Kev, Fla. A Chinaman riding a bicycle was one of ihe recent sights on the street nf Napa. Cat. A Caldwell, Tex., company uses the it'lus hedge for pastures. It coals 100 per mile. 'The harvest is plenty, hut the I - borers arc few, is the compl i throughout Kentucky. In Hie National cemetery ill Vicks hurg. Miss., twelve thousand graves e marked unknown. The Hoods uncovered the slump of a sycamore tree, near I.IKioii, Mil., won roots over sixty feel long- Cottages at Newport which have heretofore rented for :I,(KI go this iison for half the money. Large bands of Indians are assem bling at Cteur il'Alene to dig cnniiis mil nl tt'inl the hnrseraciiig. San Aiiliinin, Tex., tliidescarry note books iu which lo preserve the "cute ivings of young lady friends. Tlie Ohio Miners' association is saitl to I ii the verge nf dissolution. caused by internal dissensions. Twi'lilv-foiir steamships are kept busy by one linn in bringing fruit from Mediterranean ports toN'ew York. Carpenter, the New York wife niur lerci'. is haunted by the ghost of Christine Cox, whose cell he occupies. Thirty vessels have been sunk or w recked oIl'Norwalk ami liridgcwater on the Conncclicnt shoals since 1KH2. All drummers who sell goods in At lanta, (in., to oilier 1 1 :i ti licensed tleal- rs will hereafter have to pay a license IX. The new cable street-car company has asked New York city for (he privi lege of occupying sevcnly miles of l reel. According to llio editor of The A'cifl York- f'wiieiiiMir Ihe manufacture of candy has reached .:I2.IKI,IKI0 worth yearly. A red lish was picked up in i ville, Tex., after a recent ram, ul Ihoiigh sail waler is ono hundred miles listaiil. A (irenada, (Miss.) paper has a "personal" which rends: "Dear VI. : Come home. The grand jury has ad journed." A Toledo, O., young man was Irowneil recently while Irving to re cover his hat llial hail fallen inlo llio Maoniec river. Sonic of llie fruil growers on (ho soul hern keys ot Florida will realize over .:!, ono apiece for their pineapple ops this year. In Open lake, near Yaznn City, Miss., liicre is a "while" alligator which is described as having the color f a bine cattish. M. Ahignlo Hall, an old palriarch of Wakulla coiinlv. Florida, 71 years of ige, has jusl become the father of a bouncing huhy boy. There are now over one hundred lores of land on tho southern keys of Florida under cultivation in tropical fruits uml early vegetables. At. Simla Ana, Cal., young hgs are setting on the trees by the thousand, which is Hie beginning' of the second up, ns Ihe hrsl h nearly ripe. Lndics al Newport ride before break- fast, with a groom "half a mile be hind." It is said In be gnntl for the nniplcxinii - the rule, not the groom. Horse smuggling is increasing on the Canailiiiii line in New York. One lenler ill New York city paid i00 du ties, W ednesday, on smuggled lieasis. A New Jersey si ra wherry-farm has produced on the average two hun dred bushels u day during the season, mil the number of pickers tins been inmetinies three hundred, l'liilitilclohia authorities are having a hard timo to mako tho Schuylkill oarsmen dress siilliciently. Semi-pro fessional schullers havo got into mo habit of wearing nothing nut a cigar. Mcsquile and locii-t trees nro having in unprecedented growth this season in Texas. Many trees that woro only ;iu inch or two tall in tho beginning ot spi n, g are now six or seven ieot in height. A lutly nt Newberry, S. C the other day found a gold ring in a potato which she eiil in two for dinner, llio tuber was a largo one nnd grow in her gar den, but how the jewel came there is a mystery. 'j'hcrii are 552 convicts within tho Willis of tho Tennessco ponitcntiary. Tho prisoner who has been there the longest is Eli Biddings, who has boon serving sineo 1KG7. Ho is thoro for life for murder. Young Now York girls aro said lo spend their pocket money in buying jeweled garter buckles at $200 and up wards; smelling bottles at $350, goltl headed silk umbrellas for $160, hair pins nt $50, ami jowolcd opora glarsos nt $500. An appeal has boon matlo by the Slato Horticultural society for a con tribution of $1 from each California frult-grtiwer to secure a eood exhibit df California fruits at the New Orleans exposition. A Cincinnati young woman, who de serves to be ns richly rewarded as Job for hor patience, has made herself a beautiful frock, with yoko nnd sleeves and flounces of rick-rack lace, using moro than a hundred yards of It. One of tho curious laws of the Mns caloro Apache Indians is that the mothor-ln-law and son-ln-lnw shall never meet or see each othor, except when it can not possibly be avoided. There ale many young husbands who would be glnd to vote for the adoption of sueh a law in this country. Frogs soli for 60 cents a dozen, and in oastorn restaurants three ot them fricassocd in croam bring 40. cents. The demand enables sportsmen armed with shot-guns to mako a good dny's wages shooting tliora. From llio Iribntariea of the Chpsspoako bay nlono the frog markotyiolds HOO.OoO ayear.