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FRIDAY, JUNE 9, 191.
5 1 Magazine Writer Defends T. R. In Story POLITICAL Showing He Kept Peace in Controversy ANNOUNCEMENTS TI1E DAILY TRIBUNE, CAPE GIRARDEAU MISSOURI, " " '- - 1111 !--'-' 1 1 - FOR ASSESSOR. We are authorized to announce ERNEST CALDWELL of Millerville, Mo., as a candidate for the Republican nomination for the oflice of County Assessor of Cape Girardeau County, Mo., subject to the general primary, August 1, 1916. We are authorized to announce J. FRED WILFERTH of Millerville, Mo., as a candidate for the Republican nomination for the oflico of County Assessor of Cape Girardeau County, Mo., subject to the general primary, August 1, 1916. We are authorized to announce HENRY F. GAINES of Cape Girardeau, Mo., as a candidate for the Democratic nomination for the oil'cc of County Assessor cf Cape Girardeau County, Mo., subject to the general primary, August 1, 101C. Wc are authorized to announce DEN GOCKEL of Cape Girardeau, Mo., as a candidate for the Republican nomination for the o flic a of County Asaccsor cf Cape Girardeau County, Mo., subject to the genial primary, August 1, 191G. We are authorized to announce F. J. SCHOEN of 1'ocahonta.-, Mo., as a candidate for the Republican nomination for the oflice of County Assessor of Cape Girardeau County, Mo., subject to the general primary, August 1, HtlG. Wc arc authorized to announce OTTO F. WILLA of Gordonvilie. Mo., as a candidate for the Republican nomination for the oflice of County Assessor of Cape Girardeau County, Mo., subject to the general primary, August 1, l'JIG. FOR TREASURER. We arc authorized to announce J. il. C. KERSTNER of Jackson, Mo., as a candidate for the Republican nomination for the office of County Treasurer of Cape Girardeau County, Mo., subject to the general primary, August 1, 1916. FOR SHERIFF. Wc arc authorized to announce WILLIAM F. SCHADH of Jackson, Mo., aa a candidate for j "he Democratic nomination for the ofiice of Sheriff of Cape Girardeau County, Mo., subject to the general primary, August 1, 1916. FOR STATE SENATOR We arc authorized to announce HARRY E. ALEXANDER of Cape Girardeau, Mo., as a candidate for the Democratic nomination for the oflice of .State .Senator from the 21oi i .Senatorial District of Missouri, sub ject to the general primary, August 1, 1916. FOR CONGRESS. Wc arc authorized tc announce RORERT J. SMITH of Campbell, Dunklin county, Mo., as a candidate far the Republican nomin ation for the office of Raprescntative in Congress from the Fourteenth Mis souri District, subject to th.; general primary, August 1, 1915. Wc are authorized to announe for mer Speaker David W. Hill as a candi date for the Republican nomination for the office of Representative it: Con gress from the Fourteenth Congress ional district of Missouri, subject to the general primary, August 1, 191G. t; : -- -I (' I i t - j "I get four more loaves from a smsll sack of Valicrs" Enterprice Flour than from the came quantity c ordinary flour also whiter end finer locking leaves". (Ncmc cn request.) The superfine quality of Valor's Eof?rpr;so Fl.-iur n-.t enly makes fner baLir.i but much mere b&kiag ycr reck than ordinary flours. The full baking oualily of nest herd whort is savc:l by our special shut) r::!i:r:g process. Then tho tc::turo cf Vnhcr's Entrprlrc Flour is medo as fine as ita quality by t-ifting through Genuine cilk. Have your grocer seed you VsJicr'c Enterprise tho :uxt time you need flour- With England By WILLAN HARD It seems to me I once heard a man say: "Now if Roosevelt -were presi dent, vie would have been plunged into this terrible war straight off." In truth I heard this remark so frequent ly that I determined to go over the diplomatic records of the two Roose velt administrations. I find that Roosevelt had many bully opportunities to plunge the United States into foreign conflicts. I find that he was obliged to face and handle three great crises with three of the greatest countries in the world. I find that he was obliged to take a hand, a decisive future-flxing hand, in Ihe affairs of three small countries small but near-by and turbulent and dangerous to the world's peace. I find that he was obliged to have dealings with many other countries in matters capable of ' bearing fruit either of friendship or of hatred. I find that he wrote on a visiting card the terms on which a violent European contro versy was settled. I find that for eigners think of him a9 a great his torical figure not because of the part he took in railway legislation or in pure-food legislation or In conserva tion legislation or in any other activ ity of domestic politics, but because of the part he took in international roll tics in the politics of the world at large. I find that Europe and Asia regard him as having been primarily for good or for ill a diplomat. This is the Roosevelt least known to Americans. The Alaskan Boundary Question. His first difficulty was with Great Britain. It was acute. It had to do with the Alaskan boundary. The British put forth a claim which, as Roosevelt remarked, was "Just a3 in defensible as if they should now sud denly claim the island of Nantucket." Alaska is a kite. It has a main body and then, fluttering southward along the Pacific coast toward the state of Washington, a tail. The dimensions of this tail were determine-!, long be fore Alaska passed from Ruta to the United States, by a treaty of the year ISL'3 between Russia and Great Bri tain. It provided that the boundary between Alaska and tho British pos sessions should run along the crest of the mountains by which the coast Avar, paralleled. The United States accord ingly occupied the coast region with out resistance. In 1S9S. however, there was a dis covery of a considerable quantity of gold in the Klondike. The Canadians immediately insisted on also discover ing a semi-submerged coastal moun tain range which spent a large part of its time under the waters of t he Pacific and which, when it rose to the surface, rose principally in the form of scattered headlands. Here was the boundary, along the crest of this ab surd range, leaping from headland to headland across great bodies of navi gable water! The United States would get a succession of headland tips and Canada would get a succes sion of deep-water inlets, on one of which was situated Skagway. the besC entrance to the Klondike goldfiel Is. This line, calculated to fatten the part of any vaudeville performer, be came diplomatically serious in the ex treme. Under McKinley a "Joint Commission" was appointed to con sider twelve topics in dispute between the British Empire and tho American Republic. One of the twelve was the Alaskan boundary. The representa tives of the Empire refused to come to terms on any of the others until their version of the Alaskan boundary had been conceded to them. It touid not b? conceded, and tho "Joint Com mission" collapsed. At this point Roosevelt became president. Quietly, in the routine of diplomatic intercourse, he refused ab solutely to accept Great Britain's am phibious mountain-range line and re fused also, with equal absoluteness, to arbitrate it. John Hay, as Secretary of State, pointed out "the fatal tendency of arbitrators to compromise." This matter could not be compromised. As Roosevelt said on another occasion. "Uncle Sam does not intend to wrong any one, but neither docs he intend, if his pocket is picked or his face slapped, to 'arbitrate' with the wrong doer." What then? A Commission was erected. It was not a Commission with a third-party arbitrator on it. It was a Commission, equally divided bo- V nil 12 P mm mm WlJBtePIE5 winces v-vi,; ,frttrll 7TTZ mm bl .v--' , Over Alaskan -t- tween tne two countries. The repre sentatives of the United States were Lodge of Massachusetts and Root of New York and Turner of Washington. The representatives of the British Empire were two Canadians and one Englishman. The Englishman was England's Lrd Chief Justice Alver stone. This Commission met in London in 390". Its purpose was indicated both by Roosevelt and by Hay. Roosevelt said (through strictly diplomatic chan nels) : "I wish to make one last effort to bring about an agreement which will enable the people of both coun tries to say that the result represents the feelings of the representatives of both countries." In the meantime Roosevelt moved United States troops into Alaska. He let it be strictly diplomatically known that those troops, if the Commission should fail, would be used "to reduce tho country to possession." lie paused. On October 20, 1903, the Commis sion uttered its decision. Lord Al verstone voted with tho three repre sentatives of the United States against his own two Canadian colleagues. Great Britain bowed to the applause of the world. The Pacifists perceived that the honor of a nation can easily be preserved without the slightest threat of force. Roosevelt withdrew the United States troops from Alaska. The friendship of two great peoples had not suffered one moment's pub lic interruption. The boundary of the United States in Alaska ran unmo lested along its lawful line. The Dispute With Germany. In the midst of this engagement with Great Britain, Roosevelt had been forced into an engagement with Ger many. Germany had certain "pe cuniary claims" against Venezuela. A railway, for instance, had been built in Venezuela at the request of Ven ezuela by German capital at a cost of $20,0oo,(u0. Venezuela had guaran teed the iuterest on that $20,000,000. It was not paying it. When pressed, it added a moral delinquency to its financial delinquency. It not only re fused to pay, but it refused to enter into any effective plan looking toward payment. Germany had a good case and Venezuela had a very poor one. At last, on December 8, 1002, Ger many broke off diplomatic relations with Venezuela, and so did Great Britain. Already the fleets of Ger many and of Great Britain, and also of Italy, had established a blockade in Venezuelan waters. Certain war ves sels belonging to Venezuela were cap tured and the town of Puerto Cabello was bombarded. Roosevelt did not attempt to make tho United States take a public pose as "sovereign" of the Caribbean. He launched no public "flat." His inter pretation of the Monroe Doctrine was moderate. It was moderate not only in its rhetoric but also in its essence. In his message of December 3. 1901, glancing at the Venezuelan dispute, he said: "We do not guarantee any state against punishment if it miscon ducts itself." Germany had every reasou to bo pleased with this recog nition of its rights. At the same time, in order that there might be no misunderstanding of the one vital part of tho Monroe Doctrine, Roosevelt added "provided the punishment does not take the form of the acquisition of territory by any non-American power." At first it seemed that Germany wa3 content to abide by this proviso. On December 11, 1901, the German am bassador at Washington stated that his government had "no purpose or intention to make even the smallest acquisition of territory on the South American continent or the islands ad jacent." It later appeared, however, that "acquisition" in this statement meant "permanent acquisition." Ger many would make no acquisition that was permanent, it did not con-'der it self bound to make no acquisition that was temporary. In fact, it was look ing forward to such an acquisition. Koovfvclt at once objected. He re called the fact that in China there were many "temporary" acquisitions of territory by foreign powers and that in all such cases the word "tem porary" seemed to mean "while time lasts." Notes ensued. They contin ued to ensue. They threatened to keep Washington reading and writing till the Germans had landed on Ven ezuelan soil. Roosevelt laid down his pen and sent for tho German ambas sador and determined to get the mat ter settled personally without one J word more on paper. Roosevelt told von Holleben, the German ambassador, that he wanted 'assurances." He told him that Dewey was maneuvering in the Carib bean : that the "assurances" in question would be expected to arrive from Ber lin within ten days; that if they did not arrive Dewey would be ordered to sail southward and "to see that no pos session, even temporary, was taken of any place in Venezuela." Von Holle ben replied that his government would certainly refuse to give the United States the "assurance" requested. A week later von Holleben visited the White House to speak of another matter. He spoke of it and turned to leave. Roosevelt: "Have you beard anything from Berlin about Vene zuela?" Von Holleben: "No." Roose velt: "It will not be necessary then for me to W3it through all the re maining three days. I will Wait just twenty-four hours more. Twenty four hours from now Dewey will sail." At the end of twelve hours von Hol leben returned to the White House and said that he had heard from Ber lin and that he now had the honor to request the President of the United States to act as arbitrator In the set tlement of the differences which had unfortunately arisen between the Ger man government and tho government of Venezuela. The point is not that Germany capitulated. Its position was unten- able, al it cou.13, not avoid catitulat- J Boundry Case mgr. ice point 13 mat one or the most dangerous and one of the most de cisive moments in the history of the international relations of the United States passed by without one public act or one public word to open the slightest rift in the cordial popular friendship between the United States and the foreign nation concerned. "Four Lessons to Europe." It turned out, after all, that Roose velt did not do the arbitrating be tween Germany and Venezuela. The Hague Court was in existence. It needed business. Roosevelt had al ready given it its first case. That was a dispute between tho United States and Mexico in the year 1902 over "The Pious Fund of the Cali fornias." It amounted to a claim against Mexico by certain American Roman Catholic bishops. The Hague Court decided that Mexico was to pay those bishops an immediate lump sum of $1,400,000 and a future annual sum of $43,000, Mexican money. Roosevelt now gave The Hague Court the Venezuelan dispute. In so do ing, he won a special word of praise from the most distinguished of French Pacifists, Baron d'Estournellea de Constant, who, a few years later, in summing up Roosevelt's greatest con tributions to realistic Pacifism, said: "President Roosevelt has given four striking lessons to Europe: first, in having brought before the Arbitra tion Tribunal at The Hague the ques tion between Mexico and the United States over the Pious Fund claims, while Europe was scoffing at the peace court which it had created; second, in obliging Europe to settle the Venezuelan affair pacifically; third, in proposing a second Peace Conference at The Hague to complete the work of the first; and, fourth, in now intervening to put an end to the conflict between Russia and Japan in the Far East." The decision was made in 1904. In that same year certain powers noti fied Roosevelt that they were about to proceed against the custom-houses of San Domingo. Roosevelt learned something from Venezuela and he had learned something from The Ilasue. lie had learned that this bom harding and blockading of Caribbean countries was going to be continuous, r.nl?.as the United States managed to -,.!. ; cocre- delinquent Caribbean S"2-trits into some sort of solvency. He thereupon invented the policy which was denounced by all Pacifists but which brought peace the policy of custom-house protectorates. Speaking of Cuba, if Roosevelt had desired bloodshed, he could have had it there in streams. It was under Roosevelt that we were obliged to begin our second occupation of Cuban soil. In 1906 the Liberals revolted against the Moderates. Our agree ment with Cuba was that we were to "intervene for the maintenance of a government adequate for the pro tection of life, property and individual liberty." The "Des Moines" hap pened into the harbor of Havana. The president of Cuba, Palma. was powerless and terrified. He asked for marines. The "Des Moines" sent them. It looked as if we were about to take Cuba by force of arms. Roosevelt called the marines back to their ship. In place of marines, he sent Taft. It was a great con trast. Taft, unarmed and disarming, proceeded to Havana, and conferred, lie tried at first to set up a new na tive government. It could not be done. Tho Cubans could not agree among themselves. Palma resigned. There was then no government at all. Taft stepped Into the vacuum and completely filled It. He became "Pro visional Governor." There was no bat tle. Roosevelt had gone into Cuba, just as he had previously gone into Santo Domingo by diplomatic seepage. The Question of Japanese Immigration. In October of 190G. the school au thorities of San Francisco excluded all Japanese of all age3 from the regular public schools and directed them to attend a special public school in which they were to be segregated. Japan protested proudly and bitterly, both by popular demonstrations in Tokio and by diplomatic representa tfbns at Washington, appealing to the treaty of 1893. In December, within two months after the issuance of the San Fran cisco school order, Roosevelt said to Congress: "In the matter now before me. affecting the Japanese, every thing that Is in my power to do will be done, and all the forces, military and civil, of the United States which I may lawfully employ, will be so em ployed . .. to enforce the rights of aliens under treaties." This sentence penetrated Asia to its farthest literate regions. In the "Light of India" Baba Bharati re sponded: "The American president has proved himself to be the one ruler of the modern world who has hfs finger on the pulse of world politics of the present and of the future." Roosevelt had promised to use the military forces, of the United States. He did so. He enlarged the garrison of United States troops in San Fran cisco and let it be known that all vio lence directed against Japanese would be quenched. He believed that Japanese mass Immigration was intolerable, and did not hesitate to say so. "The Japan ese would themselves not tolerate the intrusion Into their country of a mass of Americans who would displace Japanese in the business of the land. ( ine peopie or California are right in insisting that the Japanese shall not come thither In mass." He entered into negotiations with the Japanese government. Again there was no public international con troversy. That porcupine, the pub lished diplomatic note, armed with a thousand quills and every one of them poisoned, was allowed to hibernate. Personally, in conference, irhere Ehrases .iKBajrt!48jLai33 E 1 II unregaraea, tne representatives or tne United States and the representatives of Japan agreed that thereafter no passports would be issued to Japanese coolies entitling them to leave Japan for United States ports. This agree ment has been kept honorably and with a scientific strictness by the ac curate gentlemen of Japan. Tho material difficulttes were ad justed. A psychological one arose. Because Roosevelt was so ready to use garrisons and law-courts to pro tect the Japanese in California, it be gan to be thought in Japan that the United States feared Japan. There fore in November the United States Sleet started for Japan. It was Roose velt's greatest service to peace. He got the Nobel Peace Prize for doing a thing which, by comparison, was a parlor trick. He got it for interven ing between two spent duellists. He in troduced a physically groggy Russia to a financially trembling Japan at Ports mouth, New Hampshire. Pacificism gave him $40,000 and a diploma for do ing that. The time when he wa3 a real peacemaker and not a mere peace usher was when he himself was a pos sible combatant and when, instead of waiting for the explosion, he walked up to tho burning fuses of war in San Francisco and Japan and snuffed them out with his own hand. In the harbor of Yokohama the Japanese saw sixteen American bat tleships, doing a globe-clrcumnavlga-tion which ma-iiy European critics had declared impossible. They saw; they admired; like the men Roosevelt knew them to be, they were thrilled to re spect. Roosevelt did not "avoid" war. He saw it coming and went out to meet it and fetched It a watchful wallop across its brow and left it dead. A Genius for Diplomacy. The foundation of all Roosevelt's di plomacy was that he kept the fleet at the top-notch of fighting efficiency. When he said to von Holleben, "What I say goes; but, if it doesn't, the fleet does," he said it clearly and promptly and changeleasly; and von Holleben, looking straight at him, knew that he meant it; but that was not enough. What produced enough was that von Holleben also knew that at that very moment the fleet was where Roose velt delighted to keep it in battle color doing battle maneuvers in the open sea. His domestic policies rose out of active study and counsel. His for eign solicits, rota out of active study ave You Lost " Pep? " If you feel tired and drousy, it is evidence that your system is run down. What you need is a tonic that produces blood and flesh. Doc tors prescribe beer because of its flesh building qualities. If you drink beer, you should drink the best you can get. IDEAL is the best there is and it is the home product. You are invited to inspect the brewery and see just how clean beer is. More ere is taken in the manufacture of IDEAL than is taken by the housewife in making biscuits. BREWED BY THE CAPE BREWERY & ICE COMPANY TEXAS BANKER ATTACKED MAN'S WIFE IS SLAIN AND THEIR DAUGHTER BEATEN. No Clew to Murdpr Mystery in Will3 Point Home Son-in-Law Not Injured. Wills Point, Tex., June 7. Mrs. II. R (jo:dni?ht. 7-J years old, was killed; her husband, president of the Van Sandt National bank .here, was prob ably fatally injured and their daugh ter. Mrs. R. J. Mora ii, was beaten into insensibility in their home with either a large ha.iinier or an ax. Physicians s;iitl .Mr.-, iforau probably would live, but it was only a iptestion of hours before (ioo.Inigiit would die. No l u.tive is known lor the killing. The iio'.i.-t. which is in the outskirts of the city, was found in order with no sii-ns of attempted robbery. Acc(;ruins;' to the story told by R. J. Morau. son-in-law, he was awak ened at about .'! o'clock by the screams of his wife in an adjoining rooi. He found her unconscious in her bed. Morau sought Goodnight, and found him badly injured in his bedroom on the second floor. Mrs. Goodnight was found in the cellar, dead, having been carried from her bedroom on the second floor. Her head wan crushed in the same man ner as the others. Shakespeare Exhibit in Museum. Bristol, England, June 7. A collec tion of flowers, fruits and insects men tioned by Shakespeare, with a quota tion for each specimen, is on exhibi tion at Uie museum here. and instinct." History will surely say that If he had a genius it was for diplomacy. History will also surely say that his diplomacy of 1916 was merely the publication, in private life, of the method by which, from 1901 to 1909, he destroyed every cause of war that raised Us head against the United States, and so gained the prestige enabling him to become the world's most acclaimed not Faciflstbut Par cificator. Your HILL SAYS HE'LL . RETIRE FROM RACE Candidate For Congress Brands Untrue Report He Will Aid Wilson. David W. Hill, one of the three Republican candidates for the nomina tion for Congress from this district, last night wired The Tribune that there was no truth in the report that he was going- to withdraw in favor of Henry Wilson of Ava. The Tribune last night sent Mr. Hill this message: "Story circulated here that you have written letter to Henry Wilson in which you intimate that you will withdraw in his favor. Telegraph The Tribune whether this report Is true.'' Mr. Hill promptly wired back: "Vour message received. I wrote no such letter. There is no truth in the report that I contemplate withdraw ing. As Hill is regarded as a much stronger man than Wilson, Republican leaders here did not take the report seriously. It is believed to be a scheme of broken-down bosses in the Cape to help Wilson, who has not bcn accredited much favor in this county, except by two or three repudiated Republicans. The race for the nomination, accord ing to Republicans who are in touch with the party, lies between Hill and Robert J. Smith of Campbell. The strength of the party in this county will be divided between these men". Influential party men are working for both of them, but as neither of the candidates has made any campaign In this county, there is no concerted movement ia favor of any of them.