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EQUIPMENT FOR A BEGINNER;
Mot Important Consideration In Pur
ohanlng) Colonlen of Bees i Thai
(By K. F. PUILUPS, Ph. D.)
It Is deelrablo to begin. beok!pplnj
with a email number of colonies. In
purclinnlng tlii'Bo, It la usually bcRt to
obtain them near (it homo rather than'
to Bend to a distance, for thcrn In
considerable liability of Iohs In nhlp
nient. Whenever ponlblo, it will ba
better to got bees already domiciled la
the particular hive chosen by tho bee
keeper as the bent, but If this la not
practicable then bees In any hive or
In box hives may bo purchased mid
transferred. It la a matter of email
Jmportaneo what race of bees in pur
chased, for queens of any race may
SAVE ALL THE DEAD LEAVE
Queen Mailing Cage.
be obtained and introduced in place of
tho original queen, and In a abort time
the workers 'will all be of the same
race as tho Introduced queen. Thla U
due to the fact that during tho sea
son worker bees dlo rapidly, and after
requeenlng they are replaced by th
offspring of the new queen.
A more important consideration in
purchasing colonies of bees is to see
to. it that they are free from disease.
In many Btates and counties there are
inspectors of apiaries who can be con
sulted on this point, but if this is not
possible even a novice can toll
whether or not there is anything
wror.g with tho brood, and it Is always
safest to refuse hives containing dead
The best time of the year to begin
boo keeping Is in tho spring, for dur
ing the first few mouths of ownership
the bee keeper can study tho subject
end learn what to do so that he Is not
eo likely to make a mistake which
will end in loss of bees.
Winn Pattel They Bwomj Rich Koll
for Carder. Pile With Other
Material for Compot.
Pon't waste tho dead leaves; don't
burn them. They are excellent male
rial for composts and leaf moulds.
Every loaf fire you've smelted, wan
destroying something that every ear
dener should save.
A compost is a mixture of bulky
fertilising material, usorul to the gar
dner for enriching the soil' It Is
mada of coame manures, aods, weeds,
dead leaves, and all rubbish availa
ble. These materials are piled togeth
er In a big, flat heap and allowed to
rot. This requires about two years.
Chemical fertilizers may hfi added to
make tho compont richer, if deBlred.
The muss must be forked and spaded
occasionally and moistened w-Jth wa
ter or liquid manure during dry
w eather. The final product Is a homo
geneous mass that can be applied to
tho Roll in large or small amounts and
w ithout danger to it.
The plant food in composts Is easily
assimilated by the . plants. Garden
plants, usually, must make tbolr
growth lu a short time, and any ma-tt-rlal
from which they can assimilate
food easily Is what they need.
I,eaf mould is used in potting trop
ical plants, as ferns. It does not con
tain much plant food, but It la very
pood to open up the noil and make K
porous. The best way to make leaf
moulds, according to M. F. Ahearn, as
filstant professor of floriculture at the
Kansas Agricultural College, is to
dig a bole or trench in tho ground and
pile the leaves in It. The mass must
be watered frequently and turned
over. Two years are required for com
plete rotting. Tho mould is mixed
with tho Boil before It is applied. Vsu.
ally, one part mould to three or four
parts of soil la the proper proportion.
i r -" r. f f
j A B 6- if fc t it "UV
J' Am m
Mr rmot-M, fri. on
ml V i
WHAT TO AVOID
I l.,t.t'l U f I. w l
: Vi -) rs urn up .v(rf
1 -M. Thf-1 lufi-ls fcr
j f!tl;iUwt w ffAi.ll
.WWiil ?ne IiRtQ.
In mftrrt rumrJt rnllirnr Ir,
1iM.ia have h"n lni't tn t
ft n-tll'mi'iit, ni In
fwt.'t ttp.-M vlll t"t 1
t-n i'T twtviMin;" fr .in u IMm
.f milwnv. ItnUwRT rrt
xi't'nl'tit'U bj iiuvMtuaitmt Colu
In 'A m. i'rn sumiIik I Id is nut a
'rnnT III a tr:iiK! innil,
ttur ri'ttrlv a. tit.hti'n f tii own
'jn. HlrflMif ficl 1 IcU I titTv tl
iu J.il rn lt li!j'iW w Ijv the unn
ilil l.n of vh ( ! liafllftn i-n inr la
troiK'fniiH wriu ant sr.iid ior
O. . COOK.
J5 Wh at., ('lly.rn., 4 C .
nojfci.,r.' . l.Bi.i.nifw,i.
CfTinllan fiviTnicnt AtrPnta, or
iH.inltcruUoK. Otlw, lMm-
If Knowing Hran Nsture Would Do
It This Man Would Have Matfe
"Dr. John llnvnes Holmes, who
prroehed a Ituil Moono sermon to
1'resklent Talt tho Sunday before elec
tion day, Isn't like Washlr,ton
White," SBld a member of Dr. Holmes'
Church of the Messiah in New York.
"Washington White was an aged
hod carrier. Laying down bis paper
one evening, he said to fcls wife over
" 'Martha, I believe I'd make a
preacher. Listen, now, and I'll give
you a seman.'
"The old man then tood up to the
table and bellowed out vigorous dis
course on the wlekednesH of the idola
ters of the Orient.
"His wife said at the end:
"'A g!od enough sermon, Washing
ton, but you've told us oil about the
sins of the foreigners and never a
word about 11. e sins of the folks at
"' Ha. ha, ha, I understand preachin
too well for that,' laughed the wily old
a-1" ill k IkS
USEFUL FOR HEATING WATER
Convenient Device at Hog Killing
Time May Be Easily Constructed
Plan Is Illustrated.
A useful device for heating water
around bog kllling time may be easily
constructed. To a heavy post attach
an iroa bar. Near to tho top of the
lij fmy imI Morfcfl priwe.
q M rlt tmr t rfrnmm and
ft MTU 1 , V.
AllKANHAH MUMS 1000 nrrc lfv l innrt,
ii.it ovi'i'ii.i; 16 l)'-r a'-r-; II 00 p-r iwre
ritt.h ; tm in i' utv K rinn A)Cf-n( nnlM.
siuifTi r I um i i-inimnv, Oil 1 tferve Ditnk
lMt Ooafh Kjrxip. Tm1a Good.
DUST MULCH FOR CORN CROP
Question Raised by Experiments at
Various State Stations as to Value
After tabulating tho results from 121
different experiments, carried on in 28
different states for a period of flvo
years, the department of agricultura
brings up the question as to whether
the cultivation of corn is of any valuo
except to keep down weeds. The re
sults seem to show that there Is lit
tle in favor of keeping up the dust
mulch after tho weeds are destroyed.
The tests were made by experiment
stations and practical farmers under
the supervision of government ex
perts, the experimental plots being lo
cated In corn growing communities
from tho Atlantic to the I'aclfto. In
each case two plots were prepared and
planted to corn In exactly tho same
way. On one plot all weeds were cut
with a boo or something similar, but
without further cultivation. The oth
er plot received ordinary cultivation
that kept all weeds down. Tho gen
eral average for all showed that tho
uncultivated plots produced 'j'J.IO.S per
cent, as much grain, and 50. 1 per cent,
as much fodder as the cultivated
The government experiments be
lieve that the roots of the corn absorb
all the moisture instead of its be
ing drawn to tho surface and evapo
rated, as generally rtipposed. Ijind
that lies fallow needs tho soil mulch
because in that, case there are no
roots to take up the moisture.
A Handy Crane.
post attach a loop and to this a rod.
Make a hook on the end of the rod
so that the kettle may be removed,
fire built and tho kettle secured into
the place desired.
Katherlne lie claims that a lie has
never passed his lips.
Kidder I suppose you haven't no
ticed that he talks through his nose.
WAS WILLING TO REPEAT IT
Cruel, Cruel Answer.
"Ree, darling!" and Mrs. Justwe.d
held up for her husband's gaze three
mirrors arranged bo as to give as
many reflections. ' I can get e. triple
view of myself." "Humph:" gurgled
her brute of a man, struggling with
his collar. "You seevn to be quite
popular with yourself!" Judge.
A !r,nwmfornlMt clergyman In Man
chester is chuckling over letter be I '
recently reeelved from the vicar of t h 0 ;
a certain parish. He bud written to
the vicar asking for permission to con
duct a funeral In the churchyard.
"He immediately sent me a most
courteous note," the nonconformist
clergyman says; "but I could not help
noticing that It would be posalble to
give to his word a sinister meaning.
Tho note ran: 'You will, both to
morrow and at any other time, be
uiui weicomo in our churchyard.'"
I-ondon Tlt r.irs.
!?3 Cc J , -
The W rc ich cd ness
Can ii!rkty l-e overcome; t v
LIVES FILLS. r
act sureiy and
genuy cm iiia
Tr. rieron's rir'Rrit rrllnta cure confti
Vftti4n. t nr:stipii itiii i thft tbush of niftny
iIimmwi. 4 'urn thn nu?e and yvu euro Ibe
ttiHcaw taKV to tiika. Adv.
Bright Youth's Phrase of Gratitude
Paid for and Well Worthy
He was a most Intelligent youth,
and while going through the basement
at the works he noticed that some
thing wan wrong with the machinery.
He at once gave the alram, and pre
vented what might have been a seri
ous accident. The circumstance was
reported to the head of the firm, be
fore whom the lad was summoned.
"You have done mo a great service,
my lad," Bald the genial chief, "and in
future your wages will be increased
bv two shillings weekly."
"Thank you, sir," said the bright lit
tle fellow. "I will do my best to be
be a good servant to you."
"That's the right spirit, my lad," he
remarked, encouragingly. "In all the
years that I have been in business no
one has ever thanked me in that way.
I will make the increase three shill
ings. Now, what, do you say to that?"
"Well, sir," replied the lad, smiling
ly, "would you mind if I said it
"Where have you put your eusays
on the dove of peace?"
"In the pigeon hole."
Mini. ' rV-
nef.s, and Indigestion. They do their duty.
SMALL ril.L, SMALL DOSE, SMALL fMCR,
Genuine must bear Signature.
b:i"-.M!'T.-r ( rini iuU:..r.Mri;M--r.rv.rTnn rt! .w-e.
51 n. WMnHlow'i! 8folhn hymp for r'llli'.ron f r...h umir-l III li V -1( V- ,Nn. 1. .'. t. r-
i-.aiiin r-n ')(-' "-fir fl ! n-m-ti n.v
yr.itr a;;.iTit.. ImD t n-n.J ft i-.rir. I' i b.s.. iu-ir
1 KliK Nn-f'.Pnw-n'V'Mr-. nmr-. l.l tt Vrr WtuL
Co., lirlock 4U1., llamleaii. -.
l-llln, tflw rIiit-ea i rj Tunr: unir
tlun,al:ayH In, euros wind col ir.V u bottle. Wt,
Of course, love Is blind, but it mifiht
be Just as well to remember that the
eyesight of tho neighbors la pood.
LEWIS' Single Jiimler p'tvr the smoker
a rich, mellow taslma 5c cinar. Adv.
A scientist has discovered that the
onion Is a cure for love.
! MAIR BALSAM
W. N. U.. ST. LOUIS. NO. 51-1912.
Preparing for the Cold Snaps.
Late fall is a good time to clean up
and overhaul hotbeds and cold
frames and prepare soil for bedding.
Soil or compost to be used for this
nurnose should be covered to have
it in good condition when needed in j
February and March. Overhauling
and repairing hotbed sash and mak
ing crossbars for hotbeds and cold
frames are good jobs for stormy days.
MAKING FODDER CORN STACK
Sheltering the Farm Machinery.
lie fiuro and provide shelter for all
wagons, vehicles and farm machin
ery. Much loss results from leaving
plows and other implements out of j hesitation on
doors, and in neglecting to keep tueru
in good working order.
Should Be Started as With Grain
Stack and Not Higher Than Can
Be Conveniently Reached.
(By i- S. STHKET.)
To put up a fodder-eorn-Ftack, you
Mart as with a grain-stack and do not
make it wider and higher than you
can reach to lay the bundle from tho
ground, with a fork.
About two loads In each stack la
enough, for If made too b!g tho corn
Fodder Corn Stack.
No. 1 To Dry Fodder Corn on Fence.
No. 2 Fodder Corn Stack.
may heat, as the nt.iUcs never get bo
dry that there will be no moisture la
Many people leave the thocks of
fodder corn in tho Held ail winter and
haul In a load now mid then. This is
not nn easy tusk. The stacks are u
much more feasible plan of tuMng
care of tho fodder
Keep the Barn Clean.
A, litter carrier will add much to
keep tho barn clean because the boys
and men will work more readily than
If they have to depend upou the old
Learn how to disinfect aud then do
Seed sweet corn needs attention as
well as field corn.
Store onions In a dry, airy place
not in the cellar.
A light, sharp hatchet is tho best
tool for cutting cabbage.
Hotter grease the work harness aft
er the heavy fall work is done.
Lime should be applied after plow
ing, as It Is bound to work dow n.
Top dress lawns with a good fer
tilizer in preference to coarse manure.
Watch the roof leak. A patch now
may Bave further destruction and save
IToQtable handling o potatoes and
apples means careful harvesting and
Manure exposed to the weather for
three months w 111 lose one-third of its
Now, after all has been said, don't
leave tho seed corn hanging out
on tho windmill frame through the
When plenty of good corn stover
or straw is used for bedding, all
the liquid niuuura can bo readily ab
sorbed. Give tho lawn a dressing of wen
rotted stable manuro before tha
ground freezes up and let It stay on
Ity simple figuring the difference be
tween the return to your fertilized and
unfertilized crop you can seo the valuo
A decreaso In tho sales of commer
cial fertilizers over the country in
dieat' s that better use is belrg mndo
of barnyard manure.
rarsley plants still in tho garden
may be potted and taken into tho
house where they will furnish n finr
nlah for the table all wlnte-i.
MADE A DEMAND FOR ROSES
Florist's Business Materially Increased
Through Action of Enterprising
Many months had passed since first
he met the sweet, sweet girl. He loved
her dearly, but he was woefully shy.
and his suit made but slow progress.
Finally, It was the girl who decided
to Improve the shining hour, and add
a trifle to the pace of the proceedings
To make up her mind was to act, and
the very next time the young man
called she pointed to the rose that
adorned his button hole.
"I'll give you a kiss for that rose,"
she blurted out.
A crimson, guilty flush overspread
the young man's face, like the light of
the setting sun. There was, however.
his part, and bo
clinched the bargain. , Then he grab
bed his cap and proceeded to rush
from the room in double quick time.
"And where are you going?" she
asked In great surprise.
"Oh," be answered tremulously, "I'm
Just off to the florist's to buy up his
stock of roses!" London Answers.
ITCHING AND BURNING
Iberia, Mo. "I wa3 troubled 'ith
scalp eczema for about five years and
tried everything I heard of, but all of
no avail. The doctors told me 1 would I
have to have my head shaved. Being
a woman, I hated, the idea of that. I
was told by a friend that tho Cuticura
Remedies would do me good. This
spring I purchased two boxes of Cuti
cura Ointment and one cuke of Cuti
cura Soap. After using one box of
Cuticura Ointment I considered tho
cure permanent, but continued to use
It to make sure and used about one
half the other box. Now- I am entirely
well. I also used the Cuticura Soap.
"The disease began on the back of
my head, taking the form of a ring
worm, only more severe, rising to a
thick, rough scale that would come oft
when soaked with oil or warm water,
bringing a few hairs each time, but In
a few days would form again, larger
each time, and spreading until the en
tire back of the head was covered with
tho scale. This was accompanied by
a terrible Itching and burning sensa
tion. Now my head is completely well
and itiy hair growing nicely." (Signed) j
Mrs. Geo. F. Clark. Mar. 23, 1012.
Cuticura Soap and Ointment sold
throughout the world. Sample of each
iree wnn si-p. cum iwok. flaorpsa
poBt-card "Cuticura, Dept. L, Boston." j
,1 N-'-" fJ' K1. ?V
mm il Wmn
Green has been
'So Green has been promoted
"Yes, but how did you know?"
"1 Just overheard you knocking
They met in Fifth avenue.
"I hear you have been away to a
"Take any part In tho proceedings,
or Just so aS a spectator?"
"Oh, I took quite a prominent part.
I was chairwoman of the committee
on measles." Exchange.
"That wasn't a bad epigram on the
maclstrate's cart." said the somewhat
educated tramp, who had been con
victed for vagrancy.
"What did he Bay?" asked the
"Seven days," came the reply.
"That ain't no epigram, la It"
"I'm sure It Is. I asked a parson
once what an epigram was. and ha
says, 'H'b a ehort sentence that
sounds light, but gives you plenty to
ALCOHOL-3 FER CENT
XWfiekiWe Preparation fin- As -similal
ing ihe Food and Regula
ting the Stomachs and Bowels of
For Infants and Children.
j Tho Kind You Have
Opium.Morphine nor Mineral
Ahttlt Smx -il'tut
Hint Sed -C
A perfect Remedy forConstipa
lion . Sour Stomach.Dtarrhoea
Worms .Convulsions .Feveristv
ncss and LOSS OF SLEEP
Tke Centaur Company,
sUuarameed under the l-ooua
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
f Jjv In
N X Use
vJJ For Over
5?3 nM L i f"
9 ti'tf U viutiyii U
TNI MNTaifM tOMPm, 19m OM
nti mtnutmiUf Wi ft-J AiMMiml il mti Jbiuiiik itr i uwittw ii.ii'Miniiiiiiai t . -' ...jfc i-
"Give tho patient a little liquor, w hy
"Can't; it would set him craiy. He
has water on the brain."
The Senator I've given the best
years of my life to the service of my
The Governor Given! You mean
Being a Diplomat.
"1 am much bothered," he said. "I
can marry a wealthy widow whom 1
don't love, or a poor girl that 1 do
love Intensely. What shall I do?"
"Listen to your heart," advised his
companion, "and marry the one you
"You aro right, my friend. 1 shall
marry the girl."
"Then can you give me the widow's
address?" London Opinion.
It will probably take the average
man a long time to get used to being
nn angel- If he ever gels a chance.
jSy llois Could
fiK J It CO, m the
i, Ip"' k torn y, HkttMt
OOne man made a bountiful living for hia family (he
has 11 children) and put $2,385 in the bank as the result
of the season's yield from his 40 acres of irrigated land in
this productive country. This is not cited as an excep
tional case. QThe "Prosperity States of America"
is the name we apply to Wisconsin, Minnesota, North
Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, u(hiu,y
Northern Pacific Rsy
OTo locate along this line is to assure yourself of fertile
soil, nearby markets, quick transportation, good neigh
bors, good schools, progressive communities and increas
ing land values. Investigate now!
I .i. r r j r . 1 : . , ' &
jut ir c: um.nj.iuvc ulcicivluc huuui
the state that most interests you. Let u
help you to locale in the Fertile North
west where ycu will prosper. Write today
L. J. ER1CKER. Geul Immigration Aent
hortbi-ra Paciiic Kaiiwsy
St. Paul, Mm.
We w ill be glJ to mdvitw you of low rates
for winter or spiing trips if you will state
time you wish to go and dsiina;ion you
wish o reach or points you want to cover.
It Vetint i fluttarto; or wVv una "HKVlSt." Mdt ty Vn Vit-MnitU l)mu Co.. IrttatnphU, loan, ftic .Cv