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Missouri Doings CARRINGTON APPROVES MISS EVANS' COURSE EUte Superintendent of Schools , . Draw the Color Line. Jefferson City, Mo.! The refusal of Mis Evans, school teacher at Wells ton, to attcud a teachers' meeting; at which a colored teacher was present, Is exciting considerable Interest The local board endeavored to force Miss Kvans to attend this meeting, and when sho persisted In her refusal, call ed upon County Superintendent An drae to revoke her certificate. This was referred to State Superintendent of Public Schools W. T. Carrlngton, who approve, the courso of 8upt. An drae In refusing to revoke the. cer tificate. Mr. Carrlngton has also written Miss Evans, telling her the board could not legally withhold her salary because she had refused to attend this meet ing. Mr. Carrlngton, discussing the matter, said: "This is a trivial matter to many, no doubt. In 1891 I took the Initiative that drew the color line on attendance at the state teachers' training school, for which I was roundly abused in Homo quarters. When I became a member of the Lincoln Institute board of regents I took tba position that there should be no white teachers there. This was, us I bolleve. In the Interest of negro education and against social Intermingling of tha races." DECIDES TO PAY INTEREST ON MISSOURI SCHOOL DEBT State Hoard of Fund Commissioners Meets find Orders Payment. Jefferson Clly, Mo.: The Missouri stale board of fund commissioners, composed of Gov. Dockery, State Treasurer Robert 1. WIlllamB, State Auditor Albert O. Allen and Attorney General Edward C. Crow, met Satur day tnorniug, nil the members being present except Gen. Crow. The board made an order setting asldo money with wiilcli to pay tho Interest on the school certificates of Indebtedness. This amounts to $187,040 and is to be distributed among the public schools of the state when the annual appor tionment of school moneys Is made. Thore was also set aside VI5.2C5.98 to pay the Interest on the seminary certifl. cates, which goes to tho state unlver miy at Columbia and the school of mines and metallurgy at Rolla, making a total of J222.305.U8. To this is to be added the semlnnnual Interest paid on the seminary certificates last July, amounting to 28.100.91. and making the total Interest paid on tho school certiorates aiirt the seminary ccrtltt cates $250,406.89. EAT CAKES OF POISON. Kansas City Children Munch Bat-Killing Biscuits. Kansas City, Mo.: Leonard Adams, the 8-year-old son of Robert C. Adams, distributed among bis schoolmates at Irving school a generous supply of strychnine and arsenic rat biscuits last week ana two of the score of children mado ill bad narrow escapes from death. Young Adams picked up soveral of tho cakes of rat polBon on the counter In Brlghtwell & Landls' drug store, thinking they were cookies. Ho munch ed them on his way to school and when he arrived there gave his play mates a share. Fortunately the supply ran out before any of the children ato enough to kill them. Young Adams, Harvey Donaldson, Stanley Selvel, Gertrude Turner, Doro thy Kane, Harry Wilkcrson and Paul Zwelfel all were seriously 111, but the physicians say they will recover, al though the Adams and Donaldson boys were thought to bo beyond recovery for a time. DOCTORS DIG UP THE BODY 37ew Testimony to Ba Offered in the Coates Murder Trial. St. Joseph, Mo.: A party of doctors snade a visit to Oakland Cemetery Fri day night and exhumed the body of Mrs. Elizabeth Coates. William Coates Is on trial for the fourth time for the murder of his mother. Tho physicians told tho court Saturday that tho body showed no signs of having been properly exnm Ined when tho inquest was held. The result was to discredit tho theory of the State that young Coates choked his mother to death and the defendant In one of the most remarkable murder cases ever tried here muy bu discharg ed in consequence. Mew Trial Result Of Bonner Opinion Carthage, Mo.: The decision of the supreme court In the Bonner case cans ed the criminal docket in the circuit court to be arranged and cases already tried at this term reset for new trial, New trials will be granted H. C. Lewis convicted for murderous assault upon lila wife, on his motion that the Infor mation was not sworn to by the state's Attorney. William Click, who was tried for assault on Officer Led better art Joplln, and sentenced to ' fifteen years in the penitentiary, will also have a new trial on the same grounds. May Take Belleville Pastorate. 8t Joseph, Mo.: Rev. U. Q. Schell of the Third Presbyterian church, this city, Saturday resigned his pastorate because of differences of opinion of his congregation on church policy. He has a call from a church at Belleville. 1U. -, Liquor Men Win at Poplar Bluff, Mo, Poplar Bluff, Mo.; At a special elec tion held her last week on the local option question the city voted for the sale of liquors by 557 majority. But ter county also went wet , WILL TRY MATTHEWS AFTER FARRIS AND SMITH Judge O raves Bests Case to Conform With Counsel's Agreement. Jefferson City, Mo.: The Matthews senatorial bribery rase goes over till March 25. When circuit court con vened last week with Special Judge W. Graves of Butler on the bench, the case was called. There was a lively tilt between Assistant Attorney Gen eral Sam B. Jeffries for the state and Judge John W. Booth for the defense. Mr. Jeffries asked that the case be reset for a date following the Farris and Smith cases, as had been agreed by the counsel on both sides. Mr. Booth Insisted that the records showed no such agreement. His client, he urg ed, was entitled to a speedy trial, and no attorney had a right to enter into an agreement, and especially an oral one, to deprive him of bis constitu tional rights. He was here demanding Immediate trial, while there Is nothing to grant a rontinuanco were he seek ing it, and notice had been given that trial would be Insisted on at this time. Mr. Jeffries said the state had received no notice that this agreement would be now disputed, and Insisted that It be kept. J ml go Graves set the case for March 25. and court was adjourned till January 4. SUES TO HAVE NOTE AND DEED OF TRUST CANCELED Widow Alleges Threats and Fraud as Reason. Mexico, Mo.: Mrs. Margaret E. Res- hears, a widow, living nt Vnmlnlla, this county, lias entered suit In equity asalnst F. L. Omhrlo, II. II. Hurt and O. F. Shawycr, all of Osawntomle, an., to have a deed of trust on 280 acres of Ralls county (Mo.) land and four lots In Vandnlia set aside, also to have a note for $17,334.70 canceled. tho deed of trust having been drawn to secure the note. Mrs. Beshears altegns in her petition. which was died In this city Saturday, that her son, C. L. Hutchison of Osa watoroie. through threats that he would kill himself with a revolver while in her presonce, Induced her to sign the note to settlo a debt which ho claimed, she says, to have owed Outhrle. The plaintiff alleges that the son did not owe Guthrie at tho time the note was signed and tho deed of trust exe cuted, and aaks that the deed be set asldo and the note canceled. KANSAS CITY HAS NEW TELEPHONE SYSTEM St. Louis Men Are Interested in New Company. Kansas City. Mo.: Kansas City will have two telephone systems in opera tion on January 2. Tho old Bell system will be competing with tho new Home Tolephone Company, which offers cheaper and better service. The old company has given dissatisfaction for years. The directors of the Home Company held a meeting at the com pany's offices, In the Bryant building, Saturday. Those who attended the meeting were Henry Koehler and A. W. I-amhort of St Louis, E. L. Barbour of Wausheon, O.; Arnold Kalman of St. Paul, and J. J. Helm, J. J. Swofford, O. C. Snyder, Walter S. Dickey and Hugh Ward of Kansas City. W. R. McCann and another engineer arc examining the Home Company's property today for the Information of Investors, who are Interested In the company. STONE GETS A CHANGE OF VENUE Stone's Suit Against Chrisman, to Be Tried in Lafayetts County. Kansas City, Mo.: Judge Douglass, In the Circuit Court Saturday after noon, granted a change of venuo 'to Lafayette county of the suit brought by United States Senator W. J. Stone to recover $10,000 from Judge Chris man, whlrh he Invested In the old Kan sas City Times. Tho suit will be tried before Judge Alexander Graves. Senator Stone, In his application for a change of venue, alleged that all five of the Judges of the Circuit court were prejudiced, and that he could not get a fair trial before any of them. The change was opposed by Judge Chris man's attorneys, Frank Walsh and John Sea. Burglars Dlow Safe. Leeper, Ma: Burglars entered the store of J. B. O'Neal at Mill Springs ore mile south of here, last week. blew opea the safe and secured $500, Refuses to Debits With Missouri. Columbia, Mo.: Missouri university received notice Saturday from Ne braska university that the latter de clines to participate In the annual de bate with Missouri this year. The two universities have for a number of years held debates, and Missouri was preparing. Nebraska mado no excuse for declining, but It is taken here as equivalent to notifying Missouri that all relations between the two univer sities must be severed. The relations between the two institutions have been strained since last fall. Clothing Firm Assigns. St. Joseph, Mo.: . Tho Perkins & Dorse. Clothing Company filed a volun tary deed of assignment Saturday, The firms liabilities are 135,000. with assets nearly equal to .that amount The company will be reorganized. 'Wets" Carry New Madrid County, Moorehouse, Mo.: From unofficial re ports by telephone It it learned that the local option election held In New Madrid county last week resulted In victory tor tho wets by a majority of 300. mm taSTM WT-f FTvT " - ffsiU Romance of the Year Time Civil. Ecclesiastical and Astronomical Date of New Year Variable Equinoxes Alone All nations and people have a par ticular epoch from which they date the era In which they may have lived. The Romans dated their chronological events from the founding of the city. The expression, "The year of Rome," or tho letters. A. V. C. (ah urbs con dlta) refers to that particular epoch. Tho Mohammedans express their se quence of time by "the year of the prophet." The dale Is from the Hejlra, or the flight of Mohammed from Mecca (Hejlra Is pronounced Hej-l-ra, and is an Arabic word meaning flight), which occurred A. D. 022. The Jews reckon their dispensation from the creation of the world, but in reality their chronology begins with the Exodus. Moses Intentionally Intro duced a new calendar, and makes Ablb their first month. It has been supposed that the Jewish Sabbath la the same as the seventh day on which Cod ended His work, but as Moeos changed the first month to Abib, he changed the first day also. The first day of this new year was the first day of the first month and the first day of the first week. The Sabbath being held on tho seventh day. It must of necessity have been changed also. But being changed, it could not be In correspondence with the seventh day of creation on which God "rested." Christians date their epoch from the birth of Christ, the expression for which is' the Latin words Anno Dom ini, or A. D., the initial letters of the words. Five centuries elapsed before an attempt was made to authoritative ly tlx the date of the Nativity. This was then undertaken by Dionyslus Exlguus (little), who fixed our present chronology. It is now generally al lowed that he was four years out la his reckoning, and that B. C. 4 is the correct year. .This corresponds with the statement by Ireneus and Tortul Uan that Christ was born about tha year of Rome 761. Different nations have begun their count of time at different parts of the twenty-four hours. The ancient Ac cadlans. Babylonians, Syrians, Per sians, the modern Greeks and the In habitants of the Balearic isles reckon their day from sunrise to sunrise. Why the ancient nations began the day at sunrise is evident from their early re ligion, which was Magism. Fire was a chief object of reverence with them, and the cun as the grsnd symbol of their worship received especial venera tion. Hence t!:ey began their day as they began their devotions with the rising sun. Others, like the Athenians, tho Chi nese and the Jews have counted tho day from sunset to sunset. Why the Jews begin tho day from sunset is potent from their religion. The char acteristics ot the Jewish religion are in sharp contrast to those of other nations. The aim of Moses was to wean them from the gro3sncss of oriental religions. Hence the contrasts and antitheses. It tho worshipers of tho elements begin tho day with sun rise, then the followers of Johovah will begin theirs with sunsot Moses can have no concord with error. The Egyptians and pagan Roman priests began their day at midnight. Must European nations follow tho same rule. Americans have alao adopt ed the custom. Astronomors, however, begin tho day at noon, when tho sun Is on the meridian. To Hlpparchus, a Greek philosopher, who flourished about B. C. 150, must be given the credit of dividing tne day from midnight to midnight into twenty-four hours, or two equal por tions of twelve hours each. This sys tem prevails generally at the present day. But astronomers count continu ously for twenty-four hours. The week, as all know, consists of seven days. Christians and Jews hold this division because God created tho heaven and the earth (the solar system) and primordial forms of life in six days, and "rested" on the seventh. But It would seem that pagan nations selected seven days be cause of the seven planets known to them, after which they called the days. The sun and moon were In cluded . In the planets. They were: Sun, Mercury, Venus, Moon, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn. We call three days of the week directly after the planets Saturday (Saturn), Sunday (Sun). Monday (Moon), and four through the Saxon names for tho others: Tuesday (TueacoMars), Wednesday (Woden Mercury), Thursday (Thor Jupi ter), and Friday (Frlga Venus), The month,' no doubt, originated from the phases of the moon. These, Hharp and well defined, are four In number: the new moon, first quarter, full moon and last quarter. Each of these phases occupies about seven UJUJL When you hear the New Tear Knocking nt the door. Which, of Mil your wishes, Would you ark him tor. If he mid he grant you One and just no more? When you hear the New Year Knocking at the door. When yon hear the Nuw Year Knocking at the door, Constant Customs of New Year's Observance In Ancient and Modern Times. ilays, so that from new full moon to r.ew full moon, there Is something more thnn twenty-nine days, which Is called a synodical month, or lunation. No nation up to the present tlmo has devised a system of absolute ac curacy In the measurement of the colar year. Some ancient nations, such as the Chaldeans, reckoned the year as 3G0 days. This Is the principle of that most ancient aatrouonileal term, the Zodiac. Tho Zodiac Is a belt en circling the heavens on each sldo of the ecliptic, within which the planets known to the ancient-! always revolve. It extends eight degreos on each sido of the ecliptic. It Is divided Into twelve equal parts, called sigus of the Zodiac. It is a great cycle, and Is di vided into 3fi0 degrees, like all cir cles; hence 3C0 days In the Chaldean year. The Egyptians counted 3G5 days In their year. As the year contains 365 4 days nearly, such systems could not fall to work great inconvenience, for the seasons would move round in a cycle from one tlmo of the year to the other. Let me make this quite plain. Take the winter solstice, for Instance, which happens on Dec. 21. At the end of four years tho solstice would be not on Dec. 21, but on Doc. 22. The sun would bo behind time. In order, therefore, that tho seasons should occur at the same time In the civil year, it was necessary to take recount of this fraction of a day. Julius Caesar, the great Roman em peror, determined to rectify the error. He called the celebrated Egyptian as tronomer. Soalglnes, to his aid. Sosl slnes suggested tbs addition of a day every fourth year. This day was add ed to February, and Is known to us as "Leap Year," but to the Romans as Bissextile (Bis. twlco, scxtus, stxth, This corrected calendar became known as the Julian. But as it made tha year consist of 365 da;-?, 6 hours, It was in excess of the actual time by : minute 10.3 seconds. Small as was this fraction, It accumulated to about one day In every 134 years. The calendar needed reform. Time, civil and ecclesiastical, required re adjustment. But to urge tho neces sary change was dangerous, as the learned Friar Bacon found to his cost. For pointing out errors In the calendar he received as a reword for the ad vocacy of the truth a prison, where he remained ten years. As often happens, ecclesiastical requirements minister to civil neces sities. Tho immediate cause of the correction of tho calendar was an error in the time of observing tho Kaster festival. The Council of Nice, in A. D. 325, decreed that Easter is the Sunday following tho full moon, next after the Vernal equinox. Owing to disputes arising from this ilecroo Pope Hilnrius, in 463, ordered that tho paschal moon should not be the actual full moon, but an ideal ono, falling on the 14th day of the moon by the metonlc cycle (so-called from Metonl, a Crock philosopher, who discovered it. It consists of ninoteen years, at the end of which the sun is In about tho same position he was at the be ginning). In 15S2 it was found that tho real equinox fell ten days before the nom inal ono, and from tho error in tho Metonlc cycle, Easter had got four days wrong- Then Popo Gregory XIII reformed tho calendnr, called utter hl:n tho Gregorian calendar, by tho aid of Clavlus, a learnod Jesuit. Tho equinox ot 1582, which should have fallen on March 21, fell on March 11. Gregory cut tho (lord Ian knot by decreeing that Oct. 5 of that year should bo counted as Oct. 15. Tho first method of measuring tlmo, as far as we know, was by moans of tha obelisk. The pyramids of Egypt very probably answered the samo pur pose, Josophus states that Moses erected, at Hellopolis, In Egypt, a pil lar for such purposes. "Tho cloudy pillar" that accompanied the Israel ites in their forty years' wanderings In tho wilderness, and which was a "pil lar of flro by night," mrnt likely an swered tho same purpose. Pliny states that an obelisk, now on the Thames embankment in London, and known as "Cleopatra's Needle," was erected by Mesuphres about B. C. 1700, likely for similar uses. We all know, I hope, the reference In the Bible to the sun dial of Aha, about B. C. 740. Accord ing to St. Jerome, who revised the old Lutlu lllblo into what is called the Vulgate Version of tha Holy Scrip tures. It was pillar erected near a flight of steps (translated degrees in the English Bible). Eerosus was the first to construct a sundial proper, in B. C. 640 the fir3t recorded in pro fane history. Would you ak for Money Heaped In golden store? Remember old Carnegie, Who ey that wenllh's a bore. When you hear the New Tear Knocking at the door. When you hear the New Year Knocking nt the door, Would you wish for Power, Like monarch! held of yore? , Ee (ho t'sor of Russia. Homnnrded, aft and fore. When you hear the New Year Knocking at the door. When you hear the New Year Knocking nt the door. Make the wish that' beat of all. Re what may In store 'Tie. to keep the old friends, llcloved of your heart's core. When you hear the New Year Knocking ot the door. John H. McCtroartr. r But sundials are only useful wher tho sun shines; hence some othei measures of time beeama a necessity. The Egyptians were successful In In venting such a contrivance. They called it the Clepsydra (kleps, tc steal, and hudor, water), by whlct time was measured by a continuous flow of water ut a uniform motion The Clepsydra is first mentioned by Empedocles, who flourished In the fifth century befe-re Christ. It was brought to a high degree of perfec tion by a philosopher of Alexandria, named C'toaebitis, and continued down to the inention of clocks, probably In the fourteenth century. Watches fol lowed in duo course, till they have become an almost necessary requisite of everyday use. Most pcoplo are under the Impres sion that the rotation of the earth has never varied from one complett turn In twenty-four hours. But this U an error. Tho motions of both earth und moon havo not been Invariable There was a time when tho lunar month was twenty-nine days instead ol twenty-seven, as It now is (Sir It Ball: Time and Tide). The synodlcai month, therefore, was between thirty and thirty-ono days. (A synodical month is tho Interval from one new moon to the next.) So that primitive man. reckoning tho month as a synod! cal period, or lunation, may not have been so inaccurate as wc In our su perior wisdom imagine. Going back from this epoch to the Infancy of the moon, we como to a time when tho day and month were of equal duration about four hours each! Coins forward to the old age of the earth, we como to an epoch when tho day and month are again equal. But this time. Instead of belni' tour-hours each, they will be 1,401' hours. Just think of It! One day last ing 1,400 hours! When the day will equal fifty-eight of our present days what will bo the length of the year? But we must not stop at a 1,400-bout day. Going still forward In tho far-off future, we come to a time when the face of the earth will bo always turned to tho sun, as the moon's face Is now turned to the earth, and as she will coutinuo to be. Then thero will be a perpetual day. for the sun shall never set, literally fulfilling the wordf of tho prophet: "Thy sun shall nt more go down, neither shall thy moon withdraw Itself." (Is. lx:20.) Tht romance of time! How It fascinates! The new year has been observed with fest'.ve rejoicings from remotest antiquity. Us celebration by religious. as well as secular observances, pro vailed generally among the nations ol antiquity. And Egyptians. Hindus Chinese, Persians, Jews. Romans and Mohammedans, although differing widely as to tho time from which they reckon tho new yenr, alt regard it wltr especial Interest of a Joyous kind. The Chlneso begin tho year at the Vernal equinox, and make it oue ol the most splendid festivals. All classes mingle together, and unite In thanksgiving for mercies received and prayers for a genial season and good crop. With tho Hindus tho first day of the new year is sacred to Ganesa, the god tf wisdom, to whom kids and wild doer are sacrificed amid Illumina tions ami rejoicings. Among . the mountainous tribes a buffalo is sac rificed beforo vast multitudes of peo ple. Tho Snbcans held a grand festival on the day the sun entered Arus. one of tha signs of the Zodiac. Priests and people marched to the temples and sacrificed to the planetary gods. In the British Isles tho Druids be gan tho year on March 10th, with the solemn ceremony of cutting tho mis tletoe from tho sacred oak. On that day two white bulls wero tied by the horns. When a Druid, clothed In white robes, mounted the tree and cut off the mistletoe, after which the sacri fices were offered. Tho Mexicans on new year' day adorned their houses and tet.plos and engaged In various religious cere monies. On such occasion human sacrifice was offered to propitiate the gods. In modern times it 1b also an occa sion of social rejoicing and inter change of courtesies. In England, under old style, the year began on March 25. On the change of date to Jan. 1, great opposition was offered by tho people generally. Many really bo'.leved thoy were being deprived ol eleven years of their existence. nev. F. P. Duffy, Seoretary Ameri can Church Bible Institute. Ravenswood, Illinois. LESSON II. , . Ooldcn Text. Repent ye: for the king dom of heaven I ut hniid. Matt 3:2. 1. The Conditions in Judea when John Entered upon the 8cene. The people were restless under the Ro man dominion and the burdens of a foreign military power. They longed to break the yoke, and be free and In dependent. They were looking for the promised Deliverer, and the Messianic times so gloriously foretold by Isaiah. II. John the Baptist, tho Reformer and Forerunner of Christ. Vs. 1, 4. 1. "In those days." While Jesus was living In Nazareth. "Como" (cometh) "John the Baptist." The present tense of the revisions gives a vivid picture of tho scene, when suddenly, like Elijah of old, wlih an abruptness al most like a flash of lightning from a clear sky, John appeared, "a burning and shining light," among the hills of Judea. "Preaching." Proclaiming, as a heruld announcing the coming of the King, or messages from the King. "In the wilderness of Judea." John the Baptist, so called because he baptized those who repented and confessed their sins. Baptism was the most characteristic public feature of Jils work. John tho Baptist was born in tho summer of U. C. 5, about six months before Jesus, In the hill country of Judea. His parents wero the priest Zachurias and his wife Elisabeth, the cousin of Mary; so that Jesus and John were second cousins. John was tho child of prayer and of prophecy. He wns a Nazlrito, drinking "neither wine nor strong drink," and was filled with the Holy Spirit from his birth (Luke 1:15). III. His Message Repentance, the Door of Hope. Vs. 2-5. Note that two reforms in the history of Israel Illustrate the mission of John. (1) The reform of Elljuh, when that prophet brought to repentance and the service of God the people who had been led astray Into heathen wor ship and morals by Ahab. John came In the spirit and power of Elijah to do a work similar to Elijah's, so Christ himself said (Matt. 11:14; 17: 11-13; co:npnro Mai. 4:5. 6; Luke 1: 17). (2) The return of the Jews from Babylon, as we shall see below. 2. "And saying. Repent." This is the essential and eternally necessary condition by which a sinner can enter tho "kingdom of heaven." that condi tion of things where God Is the real King, the laws are those ot heaven, the spirit of Its members Is that of heaven. It is the rule of God on earth as he rules In heaven. Is at band. In the person of Christ, its King, who was soon to come and inaugurate a new era, a new and marvelous devel opment of that kingdom. This fact brought a new motive for repentance, for now It would bo easier to repent, forgiveness was more assured, tho blessings were nearer, the inspirations and helps were stronger. John was the Authorized Herald and Messenger.,:. "Fqj this is he that was Fpoken of by the prophet Esalas" (the Greek form of Isaiah), in Isa. 40: 3-5. quoted from the Scptuaglni, the Greek version then In common use. The message which follows was prin cipally spoken to tho exiles In Babylon w. or iv centuries before Christ. "The voice ot one crying in tne wit derness." John Is called a voice, be cause (1) he was the uttcrer of God's thought. (2) "The whole man was a sermon." (3) Because the emphasis lay chiefly In the message, not in the messenger. (4) Himself weak and In significant, like a breath, a mere vibra tion of air, he yet produced a mighty effect on the souls of men. "Prepare ye the way of the Lord." The Appearance of the Prophet. 4. Raiment of camel's hair. Not the costly cloth made of the fine hair of the camel, but n coarse, rough fabric from the long shaggy hair shod every year. "A leathern glrdki." The sim plest girdlo of untanned leather In contrast with the costly, embroidered girdles in which Orientals delight. "His meat was locusts." Tho common brown locust Is about three inches In length, and tho general form is that of a grasshopper. They arc still used as food. "And wild honey," which obounds In Palestine, stored In hol low trees or clefts in the rocks. His Attractive Power. Therefore there (v. 6) "went out to him" the Inhabitants of "Jerusalem," practical ly the wnolo city, "and all Judea." They did not all go out at. once, but kept going and coming. Here we find a lesson for preachers and teachers. (1) John spoke to tho hearts and needs and hopes of the people. They were hoping for a deliverer from the Roman yoke, and questioned whether John might be the one. They were awakening to a religious hope of the better Messianic times. (2) The ter rible denunciations of sin touched their moral nature, and almost fasci nated them Into listening. Perhaps, feeling guilty, they wanted to hear other men's sins brought to light. (3) "There was always hopo with the con demnation. John pointed out a way of escape It was not the terror of despair, but of urgency to use the means of deliverance. IV. How John Prepared the Way for Christ. Vs. 6-12 First. By the Call to Repcntence- There Is no pos sibility ot entering the kingdom of the good, but by turning away from, and renouncing Bin. The darkness must be left before ono can enter into the light Second. By Baptism ' and Confes sion. 6. "And were baptised of him At His Feet. Thow knoweat, Lord, the weariness and sorrow Ot the sad heart that comes to Thee for rest Cares of to-day and burdens for to morrow. Blessings Implored and sins to be confessed: I como before Thee at Thy gracious word, And lay them at Thy feet; Thou . knowest, Lord. Jane Borthwlck, in Jordan." Baptism was the visible, public act of renouncing tho old lire of sin, and entering upon the new and holy life that belongs to the kingdom m vim. n wss a decisive act that mado it easier to continue In tho new life. "Confessing their sins." No on truly repents who does not also con fessto God the sins against God, to man the sins against man, ever also making restitution as far as possible. Third. By Warnings. 7. "The Phar isees." A leading religious Beet who gloried In keeping the forms of re ligion, without Its spirit or its holi ness. "Sadducees." Tho smaller but Influential sect who denied the future life and Its motives, and were the em bodiment of worldllness. "Come to his baptism." Why? (1) Drawn by the genercl Interest and excitement. (2) Perhaps to watch what was going on, so as to hinder the work If need be. (3) Possibly with a half-conscious fueling of sin and need. "O genera tion" (offspring, brood) "of vipers." See Christ's description of them In Matt. 23. "Who hath warned yon? What mado you think thnt there la danger, sinco you claim to be so good, the very elect of God! "Tho wreth to come." The punishment that must come upon the guilty nation and the sinful Individual tiuless they forsook their sins (Mai. 3:2; 4:6; Luko 21:5 26; Matt. 22:13; Rom. 2:9). Fourth. By Requiring the Fruits Meet for Repentance. 8. "Bring forth therefore," If you really wish to be saved, and to escope. If you wish to be baptized. "Fruits meet for repent ance." The fruits that grow out of true repentance, and prove It true, as good fruit proves tho tree to be good. Fifth. By Sweeping away False Ex cuses. !. "And think not to say with in ycurselves," as a reason ior not seeing the necessity of repentance and its fruits In order to enter the kingdom of heaven. "We have Abra ham to" (for) "our father." We aro the direct descendants of Abraham and Inheritors of the promises mado to him. Therefore, we already belong to the kingdom, and do not need re pentance In order to enter. But this was an utterly false hope, for "God is able of these stones," "doubtless pointing to the stones that lay ou the shore of Jordan, where he wa baptizing. May there not be a play on tho words banlm (children), alian Im (stones)?" Cambridge Bible. "To raise up children unto Abraham." Ha has raisod up millions of such spiri tual children of Abraham. This em phasizes the fact that there Is no way Into the kingdom without repentance. 10. "The ax Is laid" (Is lying) "unto" (at) "the root of the trees," all ready to cut them down when tho tlmo came. As If a farmer, looking over his orchard, and seeing a tree fruitless or with only poor fruit, should lay his axe at Its rootB for his servants to Lit the treo down. It was laid thereiV'.?warning. ' Every tree which brlngeth not forth good fruit Is hewn down." Because It takes the place of something better. "And cast Into the Arc," a painful and terri ble destruction. Sixth. By Pointing to the Redeem er a Greater Power, a Larger Hope. 11. "I indeed baptize you with water.'" I give you the outward sign and sym bol. I call you to repentance, but I cannot give you the new life. But t point you to one "that cometh after me," whose forerunner I am, but who Is so much greater, butter, more worthy than I, that his "shoes I am not worthy to bear," nor to unlooso thc thon','8 by which his sandals are fastened, the work of tho meanest slave of the household. "Ho shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.'" (Ghost is old English for "spirit") The mightiest power in tho universe for renewing the heart und bringing In the kingdom of God. "And with flro." The symbol of tho Holy Spirit. Seventh. By Declaring the Certain ty - of the Day of Judgment. 12.. "Whose fan" (winnowing fan) "Is III, his hand." The fan la not fan in our sense. It is a broad, light, wooden shovel, with which tho grain is thrown up to the breeze, that the wind may winnow the chaff from tho grain. "He will throughly.' Old form of thor oughly, from tho proposition "through." "Purge." Cleanse tho chaff and dirt from the good grain. "His floor." Threshing floor, repre senting the world with its mingled good and bad. "His wheat." Tho good, the true members of his king dom. "Into the garner." Granary: the right place for tho wheat; tho kingdom of heaven. "But the chuff." The refuse; the useless, representing all who continue In sin, unrepentant, good for nothing, harm ful. Thoso who refuse to bo convert ed, and thus to bo mado Into good wheat. "He will burn up with unquenchable fire." That no power can put out or enable them to escape. The only posslblo hope of wicked men Is in ceasing to be wicked. There Is a time In the lives ot both In dividuals aad ot nations when tho chaff may be changed Into wheat. But there Is no hope If they remain chaff. Before the world can become tho kingdom of God, the wicked must be removed; either they must become good, or they must be destroyed. God's balances weigh every Individ ual at tho times wheu he feels Inde pendent of God, as well as when he feels dependent upon the Divine mercy, As Our Choice Is Made. Some of the sober reflections in volved In the passing years come from the senao of narrowing opportunities. Things that it would have been en tirely practicable to attempt tweuty years ago It would be absurd to con sider to-day. It Is not that we are physically weaker than we were then,, but we mado our choice. Thought ami skill and habit have taken a certain set, and wo should have to throw away the work of years in order to do differently than we are doing.