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Interests Woman Freed of One Burden. "There no direction In which votmm have won more freedom than .In their skirts," said a dressmaker. "Just look at the lightweight affairs -thof wear to-day and then think of thu creations we used to wear twenty years ago. The woman of to-day In sists that she needs perfect freedom in walking and she will not look at a heavy skirt. "Rven in winter weather she wears mohair, which is about as light as material can be, unless it Is sheer utiinimsr stuff. And this she has made tmort and with a flare at the bottom se it won't interfere with her feet. Hvea broadcloth and lady's cloth are falling into disfavor because they are considered too heavy, "foot look at the matter of linings, too. We used to think we must line every ekirt, and in the bottom we put a broad strip of heavy haircloth and then some canvas. Sometimes we put haircloth way up to the knees and produced an affair that was a per fect trial to wear. Now a skirt Is sel dom lined and it has nothing to tif ftm Ute bottom, not even a braid. 'The tendency is seen in petticoats also. Bilk petticoats are worn all winter, and in the summer lawn Bklrts -and soersucker or glnghum petticoats take their places. And a woman now wears one petticoat where she used to wear two. How In the world we -vor stood those heavy flannel petti coats, I don't know. But we'll never wear 'era again, that's sure." Ribbon Work Is Pretty. Ribbon work on muslin Is very pofmlar at present, and one sees very pretty specimens of It In cushions and satin night dress case covers, table centers, bed coverlids, and afternoon teadoths, as well as smaller things, such as handkerchiefs, glove, veil and the cases and lavender sachets. Soft book muslin is used, and one of the favorite designs is scattered vio lets, with a spray of cluster at one or more corners, according to fancy. The stalks and leaves are done In silk or crewels. To those who like the work designs will suggest them net ves. The cushion covers may have frills or not. The other things are usually edcd with a fall of imitation Valen cieoooa lace over a frill of thin colored Hi Ik. For the Hat. Long colored chiffon veils are again draped over the plainer and smaller hats. To make these go on easily and effectively put a narrow shir rib boa Along the top. This will tie it to the hat crown so that it is Impossible o wear it Incorrectly, and will save time besides. One of the prettiest Ideas in midsummer millinery is the use of colored wings under the bat brims. Wings at such reduced prices are now on the counters that It offers an Inexpensive way of refurbishing. For Instance, a Tuscan straw is "fWlcd" underneath with pulo blue 'Kings and has pink roses on top. Or, the wings are chosen to mntch the out sldo trimming, whether It be flowers or bow. Walking Suit of Striped Wool. Tho bolero, which has the yoke and fronts cot In one piece, is trimmed with blue silk braid and with blue taffeta and white linen. The turn over collar 13 of white linen and the rovers are of blue taffeta, trimmed with white pasHcmenterlo and green -enamel buttons. Below tho revers the frosts are finished with points of white linen, also ornamented with the grnen enamel buttons. The waistcoat is of white linen, the chemisette of batiste and the girdle of the blue taffeta. The sleeves are finished with cuffs trimmed to correspond and with lace ra flics. The skirt, cut on the bias. Is made th alternating inserted bias breadths, cut in points at tho top, and la finished at the bottom with a wldo straightaway band, also cut In points at tlio top. Creation in Linen. This to a linen season and the mod eta shown are most elaborate. One deserving special mention is light blue, the skirt laid in small tucks over the hips and trimmed with inset medal 'lion of liueo. beautifully embroidered In white just 'at knee depth. TlK chic eton jacket Is the piece de re sistance, however, and has a shaped embroidered collar and revers, whitft outline the little vest of linen. Em broldered bands are on each side of a cluster of tucks which run from shoulder to bust line. Sleeves of el bow length are finished with a widt cuff, tucked and embroidered to match the jacket. A pale blue batiste and deep belt of kid to match accompanies the costume. New Linen Blouse. Blouse of linen embroidered with colored dots. The yoke forms straps which cross In front and is orna mented with buttons. The waistcoat Is of lace, with turn-over collar of linen to match the dots, edged with linen of a different color, which also finishes the edges of the waistcoat. The chemisette is of lace, with pret ty cravat of black silk, of which the girdle is also made. The elbow sleeves have cuffs of the material, ornamented with points of linen like the collar, and are finished with lace puff. Skirt for the Autumn. The first Important simplicity is the new skirt that will be worn in the Autumn. It is almost sure that in cloth, in heavy crash and in every thing for street It will be close-fitting, plain and gored. The best model to choose just now for a cloth skirt is a two-piece circular with a seam down the center of back and front. Next in favor is a five-gored circular. Both of them must fit perfectly over th( hips, back and front, but spring out from the edge of corset and acquire considerable fullness at footling. This is the skirt that makes the home dressmaker shudder. As one woman put it, "It takes a mathematician and a civil engineer to get it right." What it does take is great trouble and time. First, It must have a per fectly fitting pattern, then It must be pinned at every Inch of the hem ot facing. A circular footline has the malice of all inanimate things. It re mains on a straight path for just about one Inch when it insists upon dipping or "hiking." These pitfalls must be watched. For this reason a hem is better than a facing. Her New Pose. Most girls change their manners alor-j; with their clothes, and now that lingerie gowns and baby hats have come Into vogue an Ingeniousness of demeanor is affected by many of the wearers thereof. The tall, athletic maiden who has taken to muslins this summer, no longer defies conventions or glories in being called "a jolly good sort," but is nestling closely under her chaperon's sheltering wing. Tan too, which was acquired by hours spent under a broiling sun, seems to have lost its charm, for only the most delicate of skins appears to advantage against light, fluffy attire. Some girls, following tho example of a leader, wear their veils even while playing tennis. There may be a luck of genu ineness in this departure, but it has the charm of novelty, and the summer girl feels herself entitled to a different role from the one she has played dur ing the winter season. Here's a New Wrinkle. In the sheerer fabrics which the dressmaker favors, the crepe de chine, cashmeres, henrlettas and even the chiffon mohairs there Is a new wrinkle that will appeal tremendously. This is the use of a linen crinoline in which one or two featherbone cords are In- 1 cased, a featherbone cord that is no '. bigger and only a trifle stlffer than the ! usual piping cord. The resiliency of this cording makes for the most grace ful "flou" at the foot that can well be imagined; and even the sheer cot ton frocks that the younger demoi selles favor can be made to take on an air of Parisian smartness and "up-to-dateness" when this trifling item is deftly Included In the scheme ol sleeve and skirt construction. For Summer Evenings. Simple, but wonderfully effective Is a sown of pale pink chiffon cloth This makes a delightful gown for summer evening hops at resort hotels. Fine vertical tucks confine the full ness over the hips and the bottom ot rklrt is finished with three deep tucks at graduated distances. The low-cut bodice U built on tho surplice lines and is quite pointed at waist line, trout and back. Shoulder pieces ol white Irish lace and bands of same on the elbow sleeves are the only trimming. THEY WILL STUDY IT NOT DISPOSED TO RUSH THE RECIPROCITY QUESTION. New York Board of Trade and Trans portation In No Hurry to Indorse the Gaining of More Foreign Trade at the Cost of a Greatly Increased Vol ume of Competitive Imports. The directors of the New York Board of Trade and Transportation have acted wisely in declining to rush to the support of the foreign steamship companies and the foreign manufac turers in the matter of urging the adoption ot a general system ot reci procity treaties with countries that have adopted or are threatening, to adopt tariff rates which discriminate against the products of the United States. Unlike the New York Cham ber of Commerce, which promptly fell into line behind the free trade flag of Mr. Oustav Schwab and his foreign employers and declared In favor of such a reduction of American tariff rates as would meet the views, an swer the demands and avert the threatened displeasure of foreign com petitors, the directors of the Board of Trade and Transportation propose to go slow and be sure they are right. At their meeting of June 21 it was decided to postpone until October the further consideration of and final ac tion upon tho Schwab resolutions. Rightly it was held that a question of such large dimensions and such vital consequence to the trade, commerce and industries of the country should not be passed upon by a handful of directors, but should be submitted to the general membership for a full and final vote. This gives time In which to study the question. The time can be profitably employed. Reciprocity requires and will repay study. It is a subject very little un derstood. Many of those who are its strongest adherents have no more than a surface knowledge of what it means and what it Involves. Few indeed are they who comprehend the fact that the reciprocity which foreign produc ers are clamoring for and hope to frighten this country Into granting would compel a reduction of tariff rates all along the lino of industrial production. They imagine, chiefly be cause of tho usual interpretation of the term itself, that reciprocity is a fair exchange, a return of favors grant ed, an equivalent for benefits con ferred. Commercial reciprocity is no such thing. It cannot be. It is a sharp bargain in which one ot the two par ties thereto expects to get and does get the best of It. For example, Germany la Just now scheming to bulldoze the United States into a bargain that will be of vast ad vantage to Germany and of positive Injury to the United States. With this purpose distinctly In view, Ger many threatens to enforce against the exports of the United States tariff rates twice and In some instances four times as high as the tariff rates im posed upon products of like character exportbd by other countries. It is pro posed to do this In order to compel the United States to receive a larger vol bme of competitive products from Ger man factories and mills. German products now enter the mar ket of tho United States upon the Fame rates of duty Imposed upon the products of every other country. Ger many is not ill-treated. She receives absolutely equal privileges, absolute ly fair play in the American market. But this is not enough. We are ask ed to make special terms for Ger many, to grant special privileges for her exports, to receive her competi tive products at a lower tariff rate than other countries are required to pay upon similar products. This, of courfp, would excite resent ment and inspire retaliation an the part of countries so discriminated against. We should incur the enmity of every one of Germany's competitors as the price ot Germany's consent to treat us fairly and decently. Every one of those countries would promptly put up its tariff rates and exclude the products of the United States. We should have our hands full of tariff squabbles and commercial wars. Peace could be purchased only by granting to the disgruntled countries the same tariff privileges we grant to Germany that is, by wholesale and sweeping tariff reductions and by consenting to let in the foreign producers and drive our domestic producers out of busi ness. That is what the American Free Trade league meant when it said: "Reciprocity Is free trade. "Partial reciprocity is a step toward free trade." That is what Mr. Schwab and his foreign employers fully understand reciprocity to be. That is why they are working with shrewdness and craft upon commercial organizations all over the United States to bring to bear upon Congress a strong pressure for all-round and wide-open reciprocity. Mr. Schwab and his foreign employ ers know what they are about. They are not concerned at all for American wage earning and wage paying. What they want is as much tariff reduction as they can possibly get, as near to free trade as they can possibly get, under the fraudulent pretext of reci procity. They want to batter down the protection citadel and through the breach pour in a flood of competitive (f oods made by foreigners. They want to break down our tariff and break down our prosperity. It is precisely this aspect of the mat ter that, generally speaking, the advo cates of commercial reciprocity are un able to see and comprehend. The free traders see it clearly and comprehend It perfectly. Accordingly they are warm for reciprocity. They know It would carry with it the death of pro tection. It would be welt If tho members of the New York Board ot Trade and Transportation should carefully exam ine into the question between now and next October. The more they exam ine the more convinced they are cer tain to become that the reciprocity scheme exploited by Mr. Gustav Schwab in the interest of his for eign employers is not in the interest ot American Industry, American labor or American prosperity. Year of Prosperity, R. G. Dun & Co. report the number of commercial Insolvencies for the month ot April. 1905, at 833, with lia bilities amounting to $8,056,S66, as compared with 1,013 defaults, involv ing $13,136,688, in April, 1904. The figures for April last are remarkably gratifying, not only by comparison with those for April of last year, but for the further reason that the aggre gate defaulted indebtedness fell below tho monthly total for every other month slnco September, 1903, and with the exception of that month was tho' smallest for any month since July, 1902, nearly three years ago. These business mortality statistics afford an absolutely Tollable index of commercial conditions In tho country The figures for April are exceptional ly favorable, but for that mutter tho reports for tho previous months of 1906 were almost as good, and by com parison with the records for the corre sponding months of last year show that the depression of the late months of 1903 and the early months of 1904 has entirely disappeared. There is every reason to expect that the year 1905 will prove to be one of the most prosperous in tho hitsory of the coun try. Tacoma ledger. The honeymoon Is over when tho bride asserts her right to eat onions. The Lucky Man. Tto sweet upon a wintry night To sit heslde the llle When outside nil the world la whltn And by the window howls affright I ne outturn s Minded Iro With a lively tale, a glans o' grog, glowing plpo and a crackling log! What though ot times a saddening innugm Comes for the luckless souls rhn SHllor on the fnt-N must. The homuless where the whirlwinds blast. And Death In his chariot rolls Wltltout the tale unci the slass o' grog. The glowing pipe and the crackling log? yet 'en thought's shadow builds tho fire Itrivhtpr hv HOfli ,-nmnnre And the howl o' thu storm through leaf less trees Seems hut to deepen the lounger's ease 10 ureams mat nre lazily xair, With a lively tale and a ulnss o' grog. A glowing pipe und a rrnckling log. mcpnen Lnaimvn, Relieved Tense Situation. 'Speaking ot geese and rabbits," said the corporal, "remind me that I had a Christmas experience on that Stone river campaign. A few days before Christmas George Hunt, Happy Jack and myself went foraging to the front. Jack wanted a goose for Christ mas, Oeorge wanted a turkey or a rabbit, and I was ready to accept a spring chicken 2 years old. We had been over the country before and we thought we knew the ground. We did, but conditions were so changed by the presence of tho enemy in front that we had no freedom of action. We picked up a little fresh pork and Jack and I were ready to return to camp. "George, however, cut loose from us, saying that he remembered a place where rabbits were as numerous as they were in tho four-mile woods at homo, and that he was not going to camp until he had at least two. He didn't get in until the next morn ing, when he told an exciting story about shooting six rabbits, being chased by the rcbs, and forced to drop his rabbits to save his bacon. The boys laughed at him, offered to bet him a month's pay that there were not a dozen rabbits between our camp and Murfreesboro, and the orderly put him on double duty for being absent at two roll calls. George confided to me that he had had a hell of a time and that rabbits were thick in the woods beyond Lavergne, but that rebs. were thicker than flies In Sam John son's butcher shop at home. "On the 31sct of December we were lying in line at Stone river awaiting an order to charge and listening to the roar of musketry and the rebel yell on our right. The sound came nearer and nearer, but changed constantly to the rear, and George remarked that 'we 'uns were getting licked.' Sud denly there came from the woods and fields on our right and to our rear a wave of terrified animals. Rabbits, squirrels, weasles, and all the wild things of the woods swept over us in a frenzy of fear. Many of the squir rels sought refuge among us, not a few burrowing Into the men's pockets, but the rabbits, scores of them, ran on blindly with larger animals, a deer leading the wild chase. " It was an uncanny thing to look at and the men In the ranks were quiet as death. Not a single hand was raised to catch a rabbit or squirrel. All were awed except George, who said conversationally, 'The man who says there are no rabbits between Nashville and Murfreesboro is a liar. Holy smoke, see them run!" This relieved the nerve tension that bade fair to breed a panic and the boys turned hys terically to badger George about his escapade of a few days before. He Insisted that what scared him was the absence of rebs In our front, and If ho had a million dollars he would buy a brigade of rebs and order it to charge us. Scarcely had he said the words when a charging line ot gray swept down upon us. The men sprang up with a cheer, and I said to George, 'Here's your brigade.' He, immensely relieved, said jocularly, 'It's a little sudden, but it's worth the money. Ten minutes more with the scared rab bits and I would have been a dead man. This is something like.' And I believe every man in the regiment was glad that the time had come for us to charge." Chicago Inter Ocean. "Lest We Forget." We are prone to forget and lose faith In these days. Commercialism is rampant, the getting of a hoard of dollars the avowed purpose of life of the great mass. Patriotism and love of country seem to be back num bers, lost in the modern whirl of dol lar getting. In times like these it is well to pause and remember. Col. William Colvllle, who died in Minneapolis recently, was one of those whom it is well to remember. He and bis kind are the foundations upon which the country is really bullded. Col. Colvllle commanded the First Minnesota regiment in tho civil wnr. The general service of the regiment was distinguished, but at Gettysburg it and Its commander conducted them selves In a manner to furnish inspira tion for American citizens for nil time. With his regiment depicted through previous service to a total of but 264 officers and men. Col. Colvllle was or dered to defend a peach orchard oc cupying a crucial point In the union line of defense. After the regiment, (ess than tbreo full companies, had taken Its place, Gen. Hancock, see ing that the charge of Gen. Pickett was to be directed straight at it, or dered the First Minnesota to hold its position, no matter what tho cost. The reply of Col. Colvllle should be given a place among the sayings ot great Americans. "The First Minne sota will bold Its position even It It has to load with trouser buttons." Then came the charge of Pickett's yelling legions and their repulse;, and afterwards, when tho relieving force came to take the place of tho First Minnesota regiment of Infantry, they found forty-three men alive and unwountled, commanded by a colonel who had been wounded seven times. But all of the regiment, alive or dead, was within the little orchard. The percentage ot loss ot this regi ment in this one engagement, 84 per cent killed and wounded, placed it at the head of all regiments for all the war In the percentage of men lost. It Is doubtful if any regimental force In any fight that was anything but a massacre ever came nearer to com plete annihilation than did the First Minnesota at Gettysburg. Its conduct on this occasion shows what the American citizen can do in other lines than money making. The civil war Is only a matter of occasional remembrance now. Its countless examples of courage and de votion are forgotten by the great num ber. Our modern, strenuous life' for bids thought of anything but the fleet ing questions of the day. Therefore It is well to pause and remember. There Is such a thing as patriotism. It Is the thing that made Col. Col vllle and his 264 men hold the peach orchard, and it exists to-day. We are much too busy to give it serious con sideration at present, but if occasion shall demand it will demonstrate that it is still with us. Chicago Record Herald. Death of a Monitor Hero. Darius Farrington Gallagher, one ot the heroes of the Monitor in her bat tle with the Merrlmac, died at Brook lyn, N. Y., June 15, at the residence of Leander Buck Van Wart. Mr. Van Wart was a descendant ot the Van Wart who, with Paulding and Wil liams, captured the unfortunate Major John Andre on his return from his Interview with the similarly unfortun ate Benedict Arnold. Van Wart and Gallagher naturally drifted together, and they were all and all to each other. (" "Dri" Gallagher helped to build the Monitor, under the supervision of John Ericsson. In the fight with the Merrimac Gallagher was in the en gine room, and when Captain after ward Commodore John Worden gave orders to "clinch the devil," Gallagher was the first man on deck to help to tio the two together. The Merrlmac, with her sides covered with railroad Iron, got afoul of the little boat and could not get away. "It was a hot time" as Gallagher was wont to say, "but we were both licked. The Merrlmac steered Into Norfolk harbor and we were outside. The Merrimac was afraid to come out agtin and we were afraid to go in. We were sinking when they blew her up, and we managed to get ashore." Gallagher was afterward transferred to the Daylight, and when the Monitor went down with all on board, oft Hat teras, his mother, Mrs. Jane Galla gher, gave him up for lost. About a year afterward she received this mes sage: "Mother, I'm all right." Since the war Gallagher was employed in the Brooklyn navy yard. He was born in the seventh ward of Manhat tan and was a powerful man, who stood 6 feet 2 Inches tall in his stock ings. Monument to Gen. Hayes. The monument to Gen. Alexander Hays of Pennsylvania on the Wilder ness battlefield, where he fell in bat tle, was unveiled a short time ago. Gen. Hays was a graduate of West Point, in the class of 1844. He took part in the Mexican war as a second lieutenant in the Fourth United States infantry, and was brevetted first lieu tenant on May 9, 1846, for gallant con duct in the battles ot Palo Alto and Resnca do la Palma. He resigned from the army in 1848, but at the breaking out of the rebellion he enlered the service as major In the Twelfth Penn sylvania Infantry. He became colonel of the Sixty-third Pennsylvania In the latter part of 1861, and in September, 1862, he was made brigadier gene of volunteers, and in 1864 brevetted major general. The monument war erected by two Pittsburg organizations Gen. Alexander Hays post. No. 3, G. A. R., and Davis camp. Sons of Vet erans. Reminiscent of Gettysburg. Miner post, G. A. R., of Stamford, Conn., celebrnted the fortieth anni versary of Lee's surrender with patri otic speeches to a large audience. Commander Solomon Close presided, and Col. Henry Hubs of Mount Ver non. N. Y., on behalf of the post, pre sented Past Commander Samuel Fes senden with a beautiful gavel of his toric Interest. The handle of the gav el Is made of wood taken from the warship Kearsarge, and the head is of wood taken from a tree on Barlow's Knoll, Gettysburg. This tree was the rallying point of the Seventeenth Con necticut on the first day's fight. The tree was struck by lightning and shat tered some time after. At the time of tho dedication of tho monument of the Seventeenth Connecticut M. C. Kellogg and Comrade Henry Huss ob tulned permission to remove the stump, and had It sent to New York and cut into mementoes and distribut ed to the surviving comrades. Gen. Francis C. Barlow was severely wound ed near this tree and left cm the Sold tor dead.