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Immense Steel Dry Dock Dewey
Now on Way to the Philippines Tho groat, steel dry dock Dewey, which loft Solomon's Island Doc. 28, to bo towed fourteen thousand miles to tho Philippines, is now well atartcd on her voyage, and If all goes well tho powerful naval vessels which are hauling tho immense and unwieldy Dtrur.ture will not slop until they reach the entrance to the Sues canal, tay a dispatch from Baltimore to the New York Herald. In towing the dock, hawsers having a total length of 1,220 fathoms, or 140 yards more 'than a mile and a quarter, will stretch between the ships and tho dock. This great length of hawser, together with the lengths of the ships and the dock, will make n tow of about one nillo nd three-quarters. ThcKe giant machines hooked tip will present a dazzling spectacle on tlear nights. Tho four ships convoy ;ng the dock nre fully equipped with Mectrlctty In the way of search and Signal lights, anil each ship and the iock nre equipped with wireless teleg raphy, so that communication should bo perfect. There arc spare hawsers ind chains, and a vast quantity of Coal will be used. To the dock will be fastened forty- INBOARD PROFILE OF WE DOCK, (77IE BATTLESHIP Sva fathoms of 2 inch chain for a Vldlc. To this will be fnstened 120 athoms of hnwser made up of two 15-lnch inanlla hawsers seized to gether. From this will go to the ship inarest the dock 200 fathoms of 6 'aeh Kteel hawser. From ship to ship Kill stretch 100 fathoms of 15-lnch ninnila and 200 fathoms of C-luch wiro hawser. " Ono of the most Important factors in the towing of the dock nre the 4Hitonlc towing mnrhlnes, which ire an American Invention. These Are depended upon In a large menstiro lo make the undertaking compnra llvcly safe. The resistance of the tow '.s home entirely by the steam pres sure In the clyinders of the towing machine, which consists of a reel or drum upon which the steel wire haw sers wind and unwind automatically. This drum is driven by a pinion gear in the crank shaft of tho engine, which meshes with the gear on tho drum shaft. The machine has a regu lating reducing valve. In which the opening is increasod or diminished according as tho strain on the tow ing hawser Increases or diminishes. In a seawny, as the vessel rises on a wave or sea, thus Increnslng the strain on the hnwster, the drum be gins to revolvo nnd to pay out or alack the hawser. This action of the hawser opens tho regulating valve and Increases the steam pressure in the cylinders until the pressure is Biifflclent to equalize the strain on the hawser. Then, ns the strain on the hawser decreases, tho pressure In the cylinders will revolve the drum and wind In tho slack of the hawser. In this way tho machine Is prevent ed from paying out the whole of the hawser and only enough Is paid out to relievo the extra and momentary strain on tho line and thus prevent Its Injury or breaking. Tho regulat ing valve, which admits and cuts off the steam to nnd from the cylinders, is entirely automatic and requires no handling whatever. An independent admission valve Is provided, by which steam is admitted to the cylinders and tho hnwser lengthened und short ened at will. The colliers Brutus nnd Cuesar and the supply ship Glacier arc to tow the Dewey. The tug Potomac 1b to be used purtly as a rudder for the dock when necessary nnd for emer gencies. Tho Potomac will run on sea errands, such as putting Into ports fur supplies. In addition to the great nine thou sand pound anchors there are four mushroom or "umbrella" anchors of four thousand pounds each on the Dewey. These are designed as the permanent anchors of the dock, and are to bo used on each corner. To each of tho great anchors are 125 fathoms of 2'4-lnch chain cable. Tho amount of gear Is enormous, for the great bridles for the dock are in quad ruplicate and are in addition to the towing hawsers, regular and extra, and the regular and extra chains for tho anchors. There nre thirty-six men all told on the dock. In the complement are three engineers, a wireless telegraph operator, and an electrician, four fire men, twelve seamen, a steward, a cook and two mess boys. Tho dock carries 400 tons of coal, designed for the use of the dock machinery only. It Is generally calculated that the Dewey will make uhout 100 miles a day, which would require 124 dnys for the passage, or four months. If the dock goes straight through without a stop. It Is believed, however, that the dock will be five or six months on the cniise. The cost of the trip enn only be surmised. Tho Boston Towboat com pay got $25.0(10 for taking tho dry dock Algiers from Baltimore to New Orleuns, und there was an Insurance on the dock of $50,001) for the voyage. iii WITH A BATTLESHIP QFW6EOJ&A CLASS W2HEBLOCKS TOfYA ENTERING THE 3UBffERGED DOCK It Is current report that the dues through the Suez canal will bo $50, 000. The Dewey was built at the plant of the Maryland Steel company. In a great excavation near the water front, Just outside of Baltimore. When It was completed a bulkhead that separated tho Patapsco from the hole In the ground was cut away nnd the water ran In aitd flouted the huge mass of steel, while Miss Maud En dlcotl, daughter of Rear Admiral Kn dlcott, christened the dock tho Dewey with a bottle of champagne. The dock was not only completed ahead of contract time, but in excess of the requirements, for it will lift, a 20.000 ton bnttle ship, whereas the contract called for only 10,000 tons. It also exceeded the speed require ments in lifting a ship. When the big cruiser Colorado was placed in the dock to test It In the Pa tuxent river the contract called for the lifting In four hours. The Colo rado was lifted until her keel was six feet above the water In a few min utes more thun two hours. Then the lock broke all records by lifting tho battle ship Iowa, of 10,000 tons, with heavy weights in her turrets amid ships. In ono hour and thirty-seven minutes. The Algiers dock, also built by the Maryland Steel company, will lift 17, 500 tons and Is the second largest afloat. The other big docks of the world nro the Bermuda docu, built in England, 545 feet long und 100 feet wide, lifting only 10,000 tons; tho Pola dock, owned by tho Australian government, 400 feet long, with a ca pacity of 15,000 tons, and tho Stet tin dock, owned by Germany, D10 feet long and lifting 11.000 tons. A novel feature of the dock Is Its ahlllty to dock Itself. All steel ves sels take on a marine growth on their bottoms, which necessitates hauling them out every year or so, as their life depends on receiving paint to pro tect tho hulls. Docks now afloat are so gigantic that they cannot bo dock ed to be cleaned or repaired, with tho exception of tho Dewey. Tho Dewey enn release tho two side walls and disconnect the three pontoons that arc Joined together in the flooring or hull. Then the two smaller pontoons are filled with wa ter and sunk under the larger or cen tre pontoon. They are then pumped out, and the two smaller steel pon toons rise with the larger ono on top of them. When It Is desired to dock the smaller pontoons the conditions are reversed. The bin c " pontoon is sunk and tho t- placed on it, and the big one pumped out to raise the little ones. When heavy weather comes on at sea the bottom sections of the Dewey will be filled with water until the body of the mass of steel Is submerg ed and only the side walls extend above the urn-faro to the wind, which, It has been calculated, may reach a pressure of thirty pounds to the square Inch. There will be no effort to tow the vessel while It Is partly submerged. The towing vessels will simply hang on, drifting along with the giant where the wind ehoses to send it, and waiting until tho storm blows Itself out, for no headway con be made with such a low In heavy weath er. Three 24-Inch centrifugal pumps, the steam for which Is furnished by three separate 225 horse power Bab cock & Wilcox boilers, will pump out or flood tho Dewey. These pumps are controlled In the engine room. On the port side, forward, Is the valve house, where there are twenty-four levers. The three sections of the dock are divided Into sixty water tight compartments, and each of these levers controls the flooding and pumping of several compartments. A telephone gives communication with the boiler room and a pneumatic valve house announces the amount of water in the dock. On the starboard side Is a machine shop, quarters for officers and crew, kitchen and bathrooms. The machine shop is forward. It Is fitted with ev ery appliance for minor repairs. On this side of the dock is the distilling apparatus, which has a capacity of 2. 500 gallons of sea water a day. It will be used principally for feeding the boilers. Three tanks contain the distilled water. An electric light plant on the port side gives light for the entire structure. Running clear through the side walls of the dock Is a thorough ven t Hating system, u large fan whirling fresh air Into every corner. It Is pro pelled by steam. Ventilators are thus dispensed with, except over the boil er room, where there are two. At. the forward end of the dock a bridge connects the walls. Two life boats nre carried. The members ol the crew will get double pay and free passage home. THE MONSTER DEWEY. 500 feet long. 134 feet wide. Cost $1,300,000. Height of side walls 63' 2 ft. ; Holds a 24,447 tons warship. Each hawser used in towing stretches 1,200 feet, weighs 27 tons. ' No Chance for Santa Claus. "City houses with steam heating are all very well," said Charles Feltot. Pidgin, the statistician of Boston, "but when It conns to Christmas games they are a little lucking. "A friend of mlue heard a loud rasping noise In his parlor last Christ mas eve very late. "In great alarm he pot up nnd has tened down to the delicate nnd pal' parlor, with Its coloring of white am pink and gold, to find there, all blac! with soot smears, his little white robed son, whom he had thought fas asleep In bed. "'Why, why.' he cried, 'what doe: this mean, Willie?' "The little fellow, lifting a cake o' soot out of his fair hair, pointed rui fully to tho ornamental fireplace wherein there w.is room for abou' three logs the :;izo of lead pencils. "'I'm plajin' ?inta Claus," he said, 'and I I ca'i'' ' ' " 'he chimney.'" WAS NOT THROUGH RUNNING. Darkey Meant to Furnish More Pleas ure for Ghost. Two nun In a southern town, get ting Into an argument made a wnger that cue of them could not hire n larky to slay till night In a well tnown haunted house, which no one .vonld occupy. Hunting up n strapping negro, the man offered him $5 to stay In the houso during the night, keeping awake nil of the time. The negro entered the place In the evening, nnd kept walking back and forth to keep from going to sleep. Promptly on the stroke of midnight the ghost appeared. tTnllke most ghosts, this one was pleasant and af fable nnd, seeing the mun, said: "Ah, good evening; It seems there will be two of us here to-night." With bulging eyes and drooping Jaw the other managed to stammer: 'Y-y-yas. sah, b-b-but dey won't be long." And suiting the action to his words, lie went out of the house nnd down the road as huvd as he could run, with the ghost in close pursuit. When completely out of breath, the darky sat down by the roadside to rest, nnd the ghost, coming up, blandly remark ed: "That wns n very pleasant run we had just now." And the darky replied: "Yas, sah- but It ain't nuffln to de one wo'so going ter hnb." San Francis co Chronicle. SOLDIERS USED IN MANY WAYS. European Troops Are More Than Merely Ornamental. The order of tho French minister of war that the sharpshooters of the garrison towns on the coast shall de vote their time to the extermination of the seals which threaten the fish eries of the French const is novel. hut merely a repetition of history. Some years ago tho proince of Luxembourg was infested with wolves. Tho alarmed inhabitants ap pealed to the minister of agriculture, who In turn railed upon the minister of war, with the result that several regiments were ordered to tho prov ince and th" pests were exterminated in short, order. It Is not many years ago that Ger man soldiers were ordered to East Belgium to assist the peasants in combating a plague of rats, and mil lions were killed before tho troops were withdrawn. Four thousand Rus sian soldiers cleared the railway lines In the vicinity of Odessa after the great blizzard of 19(t3, and a company of French Infantry enjoyed a lion hunt in the streets of Chartres when one of those animals escaped from a traveling menagerie. Perhaps the oddest use to whuii soldiers are put is at the Heidelberg university, where the school of anat omy draws upon the garrison for its living object lessons. English as She is Wrote. There has recently been an outburst of English signboards on the outside of shops in Japan. These signboards manifest a laudable desire to cater for the needs of English travelers, but the method of expression Is curious: "Barber to Shave Beard or to DresB Hairs Away" appears several times, the hair cutters being apparently in debted to a public translator for the rendering. "The Genuinely Bier by the Health for Drink." "Of Smokes Our Tobacco Is Pres sure to Our Tongue und Give the Healthiness to Hers nnd lies. Also All People by It." Another sign Is an odd blend of English and Japanese: "Cowment and Pigment and Rnmune Souda Sasupre Zln Slnbiya Jinjyael." Tho latter, being interpreted. Is: "Beef and Pork and Iinon Soda, flarsaparilla, Ginger Beer and Ginger Ale." Her Mother-in-Law. Recently at one of the large hotels in Liverpool several enthusiastic stu lents of old coins were conversing on their favorite subject. After discussing the value of certain -olns for some time, an old fellow In ho corner of the room said he had a -oin which bore the image of the pieon's mother-in-law. The company wou'dn't believe it. nit the old man persisted, nnd sail io would wager $-5 that he could irove It. "Done!" exclaimed one of them, md the money was staked. The old man then handed a coin iver for their inspection. "Why." they nil shouted, "this Is wily an ordinary penny " "Yes, but jou must agree that the 'end Is that of the present queen's nothor-ln-law." And so, of course, the money was 'airly won. Rehuboth Sunday Herald. The Wabbly Man. If course 1 like n mini that's stronn. hie n-en aren't nit that way. V mnn v tie s certain to "slay hitched." net holt ni'O inn away, .'pun whose friendship you run count win-it standlr.e,-l,y means much. Who when your line of friends lucal; Tanks ni.iy.s up In closer touch, "'.ut men whore (mil I'll not condemn. they hid l;o hopes nrl-O'. Hie vnclllatif'i; man's the one I thorough ly despise! nd when for friend nn whom to lean fjiKC' (1 i ut Willi Care 1 seek. II pass the wahli.y fellow t.y mill take 11m' man's that weak. ;ho mnn who wuhhlcs Isn't snfe, on him one can't depend. .'o-miirrow he's your enemy, to-, lay jmir fi'l-Vl'llt fllellll All h nil you think nnd say ami do he thoroughly iiKr.es - Ic'a easily di-thiKulshcd by his eager ness tn please! f I should lull hcslde the road 1 tiusl u man ll:flt's strong .V 111 he t tie (hit s.iinuritan that lifts und Itch s along lut shou'd such noi he near, nh then. In praor I'll tlusly speak: Jod save me from the wahhly mun, and send me one tint's weak! New York Press. IN SJ'LtllDII) IJEAL'TY RISE THE PALACES AND TOWER3 OF MOSCOW. Sir Edwin Arnold's Eloquent Descrip tion of the Impression Made by the First Sight of the Wonderful Capi tal of Ancient Russia. Nobody can ever forget the Impres sion made by tho first sight of that unique, grotesque, savagely beautiful and splendidly barbarous heart, the greatness nnd glory of Moscow. As you suddenly turn the corn Into the "Red Square" you find yourself, not In any European city, but rather In Sumarcand. Bokhara, Merv, or that fantastic capital which Kubla Khan upreared In Xanadu. You enlir through the Gate of thu Redeemer, a red. tower with grass green spire and pinnacle, and on its face hangs the sacred picture called "The Savior of Smolensk," before which every passer-by salutes, for the Tartars broke their scaling ladders trying to tear It down, and the French hurst their cannon in trying to batter ll to pieces. Within the walls beyond stands tho tall tower of Ivan the Great, with the bold Slavonic Inscription round the base of Its cupola, telling how It was built. In Its upper gallery hangs a bell of 65 tons, that is a mere Infant compared with "Tsar Kolokol," the King of nil Bells, which stand cracked and gaping at Its foot. Be hind it Is the Cathedral of tho As sumption, in which the czar was crowned, and near at hand aro the Cathedrals of the Archangel Michael and of the Annunciation, the shrines where nearly all the czars of old have been christened or crowned or burled. Beyond the majesty of their marble and gold, the gorgeous emblazonry of their mosaics, you n ueh the vast rose- tinted modern palace of the Kremlin It sell , containing the famous ihalls of St. George and of St. Vladimir among its Too sumptuous galleries and chambers, ami its staircase that only Imperial feet have ever trod. Throughout, the Oriental features of domes an it cupolas nre curiously blended with Byzantine frescoes and mosaics, with au effect of entrancing and bewildering color. A very forest of marvelous form and hue fills the open air. The golden domes gleam like so many suns. The cupolas flash with sea-green or sapphire, with saffron, purple and Vermillion. The beauteous roofs of palace, church and gateway make stars ol splendid glory against the sky. and pinnacles, hung with golden chains and topped with glittering crosses, crescents, shining saints, gleaming golden eagles, load the scene with barbaric splendor, anil almost weary the eye with superstitious magnifi cence, for this, ns Mme. de Stael has said, this is "the Tartar Home." Russians very rightly regard th Kremlin as their Holy of Holies, and w hat Moscow is to Russia that to Mos cow Is the Kremlin, not of an age sc great as many shrines or history, con taining nothing, perhaps, of the very highest antiquity, but richer In asso ciations, und in the diversity of its relics than any other place of equal size, for It Is here, as their poet Med lek wrote, that "the great Russian eagle raised Its aerie and spread Its Immense protecting wings over an enormous empire." From Works of Sir Edward Arnold. Smith Had Plenty of Soap. Fred B. Smith is remembered as having been one of the best known hotel keepers In this country, and was famed far and wide ns n natural humorlKt. One night while on duty as manager of Hotel Kendall, South I'raniingham, three gentlemen arrived on a lute train, anil, lielng tired unit grimy from their Long ride, requested rooms with baths. The house was short on linen that night, and the housekeeper reported that one towel was all there wns to lie had. Smith srratched his heatU trying to think how to "fix things up," and the guests "kicked" nt thf delay. At last a happy thought oc curred to him, nnd. (tilling a bellboy; no said: "Johnnie, bring these gen tlemen that towel and three bi pieces of soap." Boston Herald. Modern Lovemaklng. I looked tn tier eyes. And I held tier hand As I said: "My lo e. 1 am youis to command To have anil to hop! Till life lias Klown eld And has passed away like a tale ihat U told." tint he answered: "No,' And wliPdiew- Per hand; "I am not our ow n. Not yetirs to command; The ae to oi.ey lias pased away. The New Woman lakes no command to day." So I chanced my pica. in my knees I sued; She would and she wouldn't. 1 v l ami 1 W'one I. And with much ado I won tier; Put whew! Wait li'l we're inanieil. you'll see wli -'a who. - M. J.." Kayne In ('lilc-ign ltecoid Herald A Valuable 'Possum. When he wns asked the price of a big, fat 'possum he was hawking around, the old Georgia darkey said: "He's wuth $1 a day, suit." Then he explained his meaning au follows; "You see, boss, I wuz five days lo catin' whar he lived at; en w'en 1 finally kotched up wld him hit wuz Sunday, en de preacher seen me, on 1 wuz turned out do church ; so I Aggers de value er my time at 1 s day not ter mention de loss er my church standln' by de 'possum cansln' me ter fall turn' grace!" Atluuta Con slitutlon. Hat Rare Disease. Ill never found the slightest fault Ahout the weailier. He never kicked nt rnin or muff ( r tioth tosether. In aummer'a sweltering heat he'd y: Now uln t this Jolly?" Not even zero weather niade Him melancholy. No matter how It stormed, you found Him hrtKht and cheery. Through snow up to his wulat he'd wade Ah brave a 1'eary. The lightnlhx of u thunder shower Bceined to delight him. And no cyclone, however tierce, could Kit affright him. Whatever came, he aweetly am lied And seemed contented. 8o much that visitors would ask: "Atn t lie demented?" Found Bones of British Soldiers.. A remarkable discovery has just been run do at Potchefstroom, South Africa. Whllo excavating on the site of the historic fort, which played such a signal part in the first Boor war, a gung of convicts came across hu man remains, which, from shreds of clothing and military buttons, were proved to be those of soldiers killed during the time the British force was besieged by Cronje In the first Boer war. Tho badge from the helmets gives tho name Royal North British Fulsillers, and the number of the com pany, while on pieces of cloth the pat tern of tartan can be distinguished. The remains were discovered at the position where tho British trench was dug in the race with the Boers to se cure possession of the powder maga zine. It is understood that a military funeral is to be accorded. Woman Long Masqueraded as Man, A wagoner wns knocked down and killed by a trnmcnr at Colombea t ranee, a few days ago. When the corpse was being prepared for burial It was found to be that of a woman Her assumption of man's attire was. the sequel of a romance thnt became a tragedy.- She was a woman of good family, named Clotildo Filly, and thir ty years ago sho ran away from hom and obtained permission from tho pt lice to masquerade as a man. She wns known among her fellow wagoners aj Paul, nnd was noted for her feats ol strength, which gained her tho nlclo name of "Iron Arm." Most of th men sho knew were afraid of her on account of her violent temper and hei readiness to fight. She could bos with such skill that few men who saw her fight ouce cared to stand uj against her. Burglar Put to Flight by Air Gun. At Booyseus, South Africa, recently, a burglar carrying a revolver and a formidable bar of iron was put tt flight by means of a toy air gun. Col Warren heard a noise in one of th rooms of his house. He made a tout of inspection and saw the burglar The only weapon the colonel could find was the air gun belonging to his little son, and armed with that, b boldly faced the burglar who menaced him with the revolver. Not waiting to be attacked, the colonel fired tht air gun, and It Is believed that the small pellet luckily pentrated tht burglar's eye; for ho uttered a yell, placed his hand to his face, and cleared, dropping the iron bar and the loaded revolver in his flight. Clever Scheme of Pickpocket. A detective stationed at a Berlin railway Btation had his eye on a man who frequently approached ladles' pockets. One hand of the individual was In his coat pocket and the other, faultlessly gloved hnng by his side, and over his shoulder a rtig was care lessly flung. The detective, to his sur prise, noticed that the person In qttes. tlon, on approaching ladles, thrust out a third hand from under the rug. Wishing more closely to pursue his examination of this abnormal being, he arrested him. when It was discov ered that tho gloved hand, with arm attached, was of wood and Ingeniously suspended from tho aide to represent the real hand with which he picked the pockets of his victims. Enjoys Her Tobacco at 102. Mrs Mary Bnraby, of Brocton, Mass., celebrated her 102d birthday a few days ago. She spends most of her waking hours In a rocking chair rend ing French books anil smoking hot pipe. Mrs. Baruby has been smok ing since she wus 12 years old. She has had twenty children, six of whom uro alive. She was married at 16, and her husband died over titty year3 ago. She has had forty-three grand children, and nine great-grandchildren. Woman Had Hoarded Fortune. Miss Herthn shilling, C8 years old. a twister employed in a silk mill in West Hoboken, N. J., who died recent ly, left a bank hood showing deposits of $15,000. An examination of her room led to the finding of 150 pairs of stockings of ull colors aud inate--ials. She hud u fondness for new huso and had been engaged for years in making a collection. Shu spent lit tle money for other things. Puzzled by Negro's Changing Color. Cornelius Vanderbllt Washington, a coal black negro, on the Smith planta tion, near Ouraut, Miss., has suddenly turned white with the exception of a few black spots on his lees. His case has puzzled tho physicians. Inasmuch as the neg:-o Is ns healthy us ever. City of Jewelry Factories. The German city of Pforzheim has a population of 65,000 devoted almost exclusively to the manufacture of Jewelry, there being about fifty fac tories whore it Is made.