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ebbs DDU- ITH hor tiny ptgr-on toos nnd her butter fljr ptown. her paint, her oiled hair and her soft, timid voice, the Japanese wo man hardly aug acst the posslbll Ity of memorizing thousand of Chi nese charartera that are necessary Id the most ordi nary reading, and much lesa would one believe her capable of tvolvlnn ideaa and expensing them Intelligently. Hut ahe doca both. The Japanese woman of the old m wan. like her entire nation, a ihut ln. 8he ".as the pre-eminent-tr exclusive member of an exclu live people. Her powers, her whole life, were wholly at the dis posal of her family first, and after ward of her husband or. more correctly speaking, her lord and master. In a book of the old Sa murai la written the law for wo men: "Firstly, a won-an has no lord to serve but her husband. She must obey and honor him as ber lord and master. Be cautious Never despise nor slight his words. A woman's first duty la obedience. Ehe should be careful about the expression of her face and never show anger or excitement In ber looks." 8ubJTt to such restrictions, It was impossible for the stranger, In the past, to learn of the real possibilities of the Japanese wo man. He could be guided only by the artist's conception of ber and by whatever reports might come from the lips of men. While these portrayal were true In a way, they were misleading, because they did not express the whole truth. Was the Japaneae woman shrinking and timid? Yes, because he waa taught o from time Immemorial. It was an art with her. a supreme accom plishment A an Indication of her real nature It meant nothing save that she had the power and the good Judgment to conform to the de mands of custom. Probably her will was In domitable, her Intellect clear and strong. In such cabe sho reached more nearly to the Ideal, becauso she could control herself. She believed In the customs of her land; she loved them. Bhe was guided by them So It was a mistake to regard her soft voice, her well-learned timidity, as Indicative of weak ness, of flexibility. Kven In the long, musty past a woman came out now and then nnd gave to her people a sample of the possibilities of the feminine mind In fields other than the Intimate home life. Hut such disclosures were naturally rnre. One of these was Murasaklshtkibu. a wo man who lived about 1,500 years ago and wrote 'GenJImonogatarl," a realistic story of OnJI. a prominent member of the nobility of that time. Tbla novel haa long been a cIbhsIo In Japan and Is studied In the modern schools. Tarts of It have been translated Into English. Selshonagon. a famou poet and sketch writer, lived about the samo time. She waa a strong moralist and was noted for her high .and excellent character. Shiran Yanagawa. the Mrs. Browning of Japan, lived during the reign of Shogun Toku gawa. about 100 years ago, and, together with her husband, wrote many Chinese poems. At that time, a to-day, Chinese was the medium employed by the Japanese classic writer for the expreKbion of his thoughts. When the breath of western civilization blew across the picturesque little Island of Japan It melted the chains of conservatism and prejudice for women as well as for men. And so we have to-day the peculiar spectacle of the new springing w ith almost startling xeal out of the very bosom of the old. Mothers who cling with fervent faith to the old school of training have daughters who go out and work as newsnaper reporters! There ure thoso whose emancipation Is so radical that It even Jars upon tho enslbllltle of one so callous as a westerner. There are other viiiwd whose growth, though marked. Is pleasing and graceful. To this class belongs Kashl Iwaraoto. Mrs. Iwamoto was of that generation tluit hulped to make Japan what ebe is to day and she whs herself a part of the new order. Horn at the end of the old reRime, nd growing up amidst the fiercest struggle of transition, she Imbibed that which was best of the old and at tho same time caught the true spirit of the new. Her husband, Zenji Jwamoto, is a well-known literary mun and founder of MelJI Jogakko. a prominent college for girls. In working with him Mrs. Iwamoto's views of life were lroad tied nnd she inter ested herself in al' things pcrtainlurr to the welfare of her pryole. She not only leurned English, but musUywl It to a degr e in which ber style Is not tf1y correct, but lias a dis tinct literary qus'oy and a chrra partly due. Berhaps, to a hint of forelgu Idiom, which rr w s Ir HI J - ' . . .mm im, fimj'i Pi J a GM) on E3si give freshness to the use of an acquired language. Mrs Iwamoto first became known a a writer through ber transla tion of Proctor' "Sailor Boy" and "Little Lord Fauntleroy" Into the Japanese language. Sbe also wrote a volume of essay In English. An extract from one of these, "Some Phase of the Japanese Home and Home Life." will give a hint of hor stylo nnd of the process of her thought: "Japan, like any other ancient country, has had a unique national life and history. She boasts of a civilization, code of morals, a form of government and a system of education all peculiar to herself, and she cherlsho these as heirloom expressivo of the wisdom and experience hnndej uown through the whole lino of hor ancestor. . . . You all know that the old-time Japanese woman waa trained ac cording to rule of conduct that were most severe In their rigidity. She was assiduously taught to guard her personal virtue and the proud honor of ber household. Death was the only alternative In case she swerved from her duties. . . . Place, on the one band, thla type of womanhood, serving In tho house of her lord and master with singleness of pur pose and with devotion strong In Its simplic ity and, on the other, an average girl of mod ern education, with a amatterlng of western knowledge, it Is true, but without discretion and Judgment to apply ber newly found Infor mation, and, of course, the latter will appear at a disadvantage. ... In the present home, where the old and the new elements combine, contrary streams of thought and ac tion thwart the young wife at ber every step, and. In spite of ber resolution, many are the tears that ahe shed unseen. , . . But she must learn to be Just as cautious and deferen tial In one respect a It Is her duty to be prompt and decisive In another. For herein lie the very test of her Intrinsic worth and usefulness. , . , We deplore the many evils that have Issued and still do Issue from the ancient household system In Japan. . . . Yet we cannot help noting that this ha been perhaps the most successful system of disci plliio ever extant a discipline productive of the utmost diligence, clrcumspectnes and self sacrifice. We certainly owe It to thla system that indolent, whimsical and selfish women have been set aside and the noble, self-sacrificing type of wives and mother was pre served for the old-time Japanese home and handed down as an heirloom to the prosent day." Another woman of marked ability a a writer was the Baroness Xakajima. A a child she excelled in her studies and waa al lowed to go to a boys' school, there being no high schools for girls at that time. Her fame as a scholar became known at court and ahe was appointed as a teacher of learning to the empress. After retiring from this service sbe toured the country for special atudy and ob servation. It waa an unusual thing for an WotnnietfiL unmarried woman to travel alone, giving le tures on political and scientific subject " at one time the baron? at that time To ahlko Klshlda waa arrested and Imprisoned on the charge of plotting against the govern ment. While In prison she wrote many poems In Chinese, giving vent to her feelings regard ing the condition of her country. Later on he married a newspaper man, who wa afte ward made baron. He wa the first president of the house of commons and -arso a mmlster to Italy. Tne young couple never ceased to Interest themselves In the political affair of tbelr land and at one time were banished from the capital city, charged with disloyalty. Mental ana pnysical overwork brought the baron to an early death and the wife, broken hearted, followed him within two years. The Baroness Nukajima was considered a very beautiful woman and the many experiences she underwent aa student and reformer gave depth nnd strength to her character which speak plainly in her written works. Her es says and lecture are numeroua and ber last work, which Is a dally record of ber life, la very Instructive and interesting. She wrote minutely of passing event and illustrated these details with fine drawing or comie sketches. This work she continued until with in five day of ber death. Miss Ichlye Hlguchl, who died at 23. bad already attained fame as a writer of realistic fiction. Being of humble and poor parentage, she wa obliged to leave school at ten year of age. a time when most children are merely beginning to learn to read. With ber sister she helped to support ber widowed mother, but gave all of her spare time to study and writing. She waa forced to live with ber fam ily In the outskirts of the city, among the poorest and lowest people and It wa there that she got the material for all of ber stories, which are pathetlo In the extreme. Notwith standing the faxJUtbat her opportunities for learning were limited, her composition Is with out fault, her atyle chaste and expressive. It wa not until after consumption, bred through poverty and overwork, had taken strong bold on ber system that ber genius was recognized. For a little time then ahe knew the luxury of friends and of admiration. "But I have never known what youth free from responsibil ities means," she told a friend. The Japanese bow low In reverence to the memory of Miss Hlguchl, who might well be styled the female Gorky of Japanese literature. Miss Kabo Mlyake. Mrs. Kajlta and Mrs. Otsuke are all prominent writera of to-day. Mis Vta Imal la representative of the ultra modern Japanese woman. Miss Imal 1 the chief editor of NlJuselklnofuJIn, or Twenti eth Century Woman and I one of the found ers of the Hokkaido Woman' society. She I working toward that day when the Japanese women will rise as a unit In their declaration along certain line of emancipation. She I hopeful, buoyant and unswerving In ber pur- pose, and a ahe belongs to the new est generation of worker ahe be lieve she will see great change In method and principle before her sun I set. The daughter of Kashl Iwamoto promise to be a prominent figure In the future literary world of Japan. She ha .been writing torle and translating from foreign tongue for everal year. The first woman to enter the regu lar newspaper field was Mr. Takeyo Takegoahl, who. with ber husband, Joined the ataff of the Kokumln-Shln-bum, in Tokyo. ome 15 year ago. After four or five year other women became Interested In newspaper work and to-day many are employed a spe cial writer, a reporter and aa edi tor of department for women. These are but a few of the women writer of Japan They are aufnclent to Illustrate however, the fact that the Japanese woman I a creature of considerable reserve mental force and of intense feeling. Under the new re glme only was It possible for her to make these fact known to the out side world, since the old teaching con strained her to keep hidden every feeling, every thought, that ahe might develop a more Spnrtan-llke charac ter, capable of enduring great sacri fice when sacrifice should conn a It did In tho live of many Japanese women. It was not an accident that the Japanese soldier repulsed the larger men of the Russian army. They were the sons of mothers whose discipline through thousanda of year had well nigh reached perfection, whose endurance wa great and whofe.wlt were harpened by con stant contact with domineering hu hnnds and fraetlou mother-ln-law. It 1 an unhappy fact that the Jap anese literature lose it artistic beauty and tta real atrengtb when translated Into foreign language. Thl I probably due to the fact that the Japaneae atudent I atlll strug gling In the maxes of the foreign tongue and I not a yet capable of manipulating the new word o a to express the fine shade of meaning that be ee and appreciate In hi own literature. The delicacy with which an artUt attack hi ubject In the Jap anese I Ilk1 lo become clumsy or Inane and meanlngle. when be attempta to employ other language a a medium of expression. This, nerbap. I the reason that weaterners say that Japan "1 a country without literature." JAPAN'S ANCESTRAL GODS One of the most marvelous manifestations of patriotic and rellgloua entnusiasm in moa orn Jnnan waa occasioned recently by the transference of the Imperial shrine at Ise to their new tabernacle Just compietea. ine uon don Standard says. This remarknble Shinto festival may be witnessed only every 21 years, when the temples of the aucestral gods are reconstructed and the sacred objects are re moved to their new abode. The Ise temple have been thus renewed every score of year since A. D. 690 at least and for how long be fore that no one know, the present occasion being the fifty-seventh rebuilding on record. Such a periodic reconstruction will appear quite necessary when It la recollected that on these ahrlnes no mortal hand I ever permit ted to execute repairs. After they are built the gods of the nation take possession of them anil thenceforward they are not touched till they go the way of all things. The work of rebuilding the sacred shrines begin almost aa oon aa the laat reconstruc tion I complete by the appointment of an lm nerlal commission Intrusted with the Impor tant enterprise. Every stage 1 marked by rellgloua ceremonlea. from the felling of the tree to the driving of the last nail. The com pletlon la emphasized by a special festival of purification, after which the temple pass from the band of the commissioner to the priestly custodiana of the Imperial shrines. Finally cornea the great festival of remov tng tho ancestral god and the sacred treas ures and relics to the new "holy of holies, which took place recently. It 1 computed that no fewer than 40,000 persons were present on the night of the actual removal. Though the august spectacle take place at night, the preparation for It appear to go on for two or three day previously, but the ceremonies of the notable day Itself are the most Interesting The day opened with the appearance before the new temples of a specially chosen virgin, who went through a peculiar ceremony of burying In the ground before the shrine a Jar containing offerings to the god of earth. Later in the day began a long procession of prtest in gorgooua robe of green and gold, chanting weird litanies and monotoning sutras to the strains of archalo Instrument. It I affirmed that the service ha in no respect been changed during the last thousand year With the settling down of darkness came the great function of removal. A detachment of priests, led by priestly representative of the imperial house, went Into the soon to be aban doned sbrlnes to examine the treasure and to measure the sacred fabrics. Aa tba latter are reputed to be more than J30.000 taat In length thla was no small matter. THH SHADOW Of DEATH Remarkable Recovery of a Washing ton Woman. Mr. Enos Shearer, Yew and Wash ington Sta., Centralln, Wash., with one kidney gone, the other badly diseased, and five doctor In consultation, w a thought to be In a hopeless state. Tba story of Mr. Shear er's awful aufforlngs, and hor wonderful cure through using Doan'a Kidney PHI, la a long one, but will Interest any sufferer with backache or kidney trouble, and Mr. Shearer will tell It to any one who write ber, en closing a atamp. "I am well and active. though 65 year old, and give all the credit to Doan'a Kidney Pills," aaya Mr. Shearer. Hcmember the name Doan'a. ' For ale by all dealer. CO cent a bos. Foster-MIlbum Co., Buffalo, N. T. When Woman I In Politic. "The city fathers voted" "You mean the city father and mot her." J ud ge. pn.ra rrrr ihstoh dat pAf.tt ihntm KMT In vMamntApil to rttr hiit eM uf h.-hlnn. Blllid. Mlrt-tltna- or I'fttlriiiliiif I'll, la Ai4t llltollar munt rfundl. tUv. The more expensive a thing la the easier It Is to get along without It. IVESTEtlll CANADA thm Prf. thtww. tH w AcH toit-jrlst. fttty 111 (nun in mo mm ovia ni Ilia finite! Hlntn. FmnI (a hottHr Nn4 etltbait hottar for th pnrMA, losjt narRai will Its prov fat FaMtrr tha. four ftrnBra will produce tb applitM. VtitM ! gnrmm to tho&ih par Allot (NO nllm worth of th la irritation a I tartand aril Your a-ati land will tf laban at mt hajrona praaaat pnnraps it on. M ftiftva animtih jw-oplv In tit Unll-4 mata a I "ft n want Lak ap tnia land." pawlf .000 Americans wlllrntoranrimliathrtrhnma In Wmlmi C anada tlita ir. llHri) prfMliimtl anotlirr Inrtrw crop of whMtt, flMtta and barlrj In n.Mltlou to whtrh th cm it la farm nrnvl nliMaaraiia aint AitMrM. Krao hontraiMMt mimI prrnt lion Mroaa, aa wall aa laii'la held br rallwar and land x,mtanlm,wiU provldf nmnr for iiillllona. Attaptuhlf anil. b rtllhful HI- mat, aplnlil ahHil and eliurrh, and gnnA railway, I itr ar-Ltlor' rnltw. dtxsrrt ntl rnta, dMrrttvw lltoratura ' J-aM lttl tt," hw 4rt twk In A munln and tliarMtr ttt'l of lm nil- lira i arm, wrlta to Hnp'l of lmml WJ) I arration, Oliawa, Canada, or U at ton, Oiiawa, Canada, or to tba VW9 y aV A J v mvtvum4s vfuHa t M.Cra,ini lHttl..l ML,, yiS J t J.lmirnnM.41! Hmhwti Iim AGENTS Drop vwrythlnf ) and writ to mm, O. F klblamada flO a day. f laaa a la fawr ra. ho f'aailal rwn'tlrtt, hirnlah aim with a rm Plata wnralnir aiiinL H'.lld aa lB1fpattilt iMialaraa of yuar oa u- Ma aapcriorx naa aaaary. I ajta yu aurwrapful Mlhorla and Mlllna pla&a, 'tar fwtahiiMn a tMtara i yonr awn loan addllloaal Urn lory will ba aaijmri work aultal'laand anf1iahl to man and wnrorn. oallloa Barmanatit. In thla bualntea 7hi will ant aara hlc aaonry In two konn aad thaa noth Inar mora fr a waa but wist kava a pmf)tal.la rraular lav anraa of f a to ttvM a riar afrv dav. Hofilara alwat-a aaakathawirMit ataaaf. f want buallara. Itaynarotia baabsvkad hy a bleb rlaafl loo aatal.tlahM rHlirtata b'lalnaaaTionnarn. oil rna rpraaantatua wantMl la arn amrirt, wntatonar. ae--ire tour torn lory ami tart atoiira. Munay atada tba flrat iaf, 10 WIN F. BALCH, 1 W. Klml 1L. Chlcu. ML Suicide Slow death and awful suffcrinj follows neglect of bowel. Con stipation kills more people than consumption. It needs a cure and there is one medicine in all the world that cures it CASCARETS. Ccret 10c. boa wsek's rt- mnt. All druirelxs. Bluw-fie seller la Um wutld wiUloo boiet muaita. I.AMRMrsn from Bnne Spe1n, HIiik l(inir,hplliil.'urh,sile Itouaoi eiiuiwr uuuble caq be tuifptid witb Fa!) Jllrecllon.ln nmpblelwltbesrh boe e. 11.M.B mti lillalr or remove ihm hlr.iinl mirwrun lie wurkeO. auMbbu- lluree llouk K free. A liNiiHHI N K. .1 K.. for menklnd.n nS 3 m ImiuI. HeuiiiTi-s t-elnful Mwttlllngs kB- We Uruwt UleMe.Uullr, Wune, Brulwe, Vrl r-iea Vflnt Verlonltlok. 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