Newspaper Page Text
. B. II. ADAMS. Publisher.
-.' '. .
CAPE GIRARDEAU. MISSOURI.
THE BERTILLON SYSTEM.
It Saved in Innorent Man From Several
When Sir Richard Webster went with
6ir Charles Ru; sell (as he then was) to
see 51. Hcrtillon's system of identify
ing criminals, in operation in Paris, the
great importance of the system to Sir
Richard's mind, as he informed the
home secretary's committee, was its
possession of many remarkable safe
guards against the confusion of the
Innocent with the guilty. The English
modification of the Bertillon system
has only just been adopted, and
already a curious illustration of Sir
Richard's view has come to our knowl
edge. The first fruits of the En
glish anthropometrical methods have
been the release of an innocent man.
Some time back a Windsor jeweler was
victimized under particularly daring
circumstances. A man wearing the
Eton cap and gown, and professing to
be a master from the college, called to
select a watch for presentation on be
half of his colleagues to some func
tionary of the college. lie inspected
the stock, but could see nothing good
enough. More valuable watches were
procured by the jeweler, and th
pseudo customer decided to take three
back to the college in order that his
colleagues might participate in the se
The tradesman not unnaturally de
cided to accompany his gold watches
to the college, and that was his un
doing, for the Eton boys, seeing the
dread mortar-board upon the head of
the tradesman's visitor, sainted it, and
unconsciously lent to the tradesman's
mind that corroborative detail which
was necessary to give artistic
verisimilitude to the prospective pur
chaser's otherwise bald and unconvinc
ing narrative. Thrown off his guard,
the unhappy jeweler arrived at the
college, allowed the stranger and the
watches to get out of his sight upon
some plausible pretext. The swindle
was a success, and the thief got clear.
Rut in the fullness of time a man was
arrested, was identified as the thief,
was convicted at the Rerks assizes
and was sent to penal servitude. lie
protested his innocence and declared
that he was in a French jail
at the tune of the robbery
Rertillonage then came into the
English air, and the man was met
with the retort that if he had been in a
French prison his measurements would
have been left behind to prove his as
sertion. The prisoner agreed to that
proposition. He was then measured in
Reading jail, the measureHV.nts at
tached to the name under which he
was convicted in France were secured,
and a comparison of the two sets of
measurements proved incontrovertibly
that they related to one and the same
person, and that therefore he actually
was in prison in France at the time the
Windsor jeweler was being swindled.
The home secretary at once ordered
his release, and a few davs ago there
emerged into freedom a man who, but
for this English adoption of anthropo
metrical methods, might have remained
for years in undeserved confinement
an auspicious baptism of the new means
of identifying criminals, and, by impli
cation, of safeguarding the innocent.
Tall Mall Gazette,
FTER INFANTS ARE WEANED
Articles of Food That Are Best Suited U
The feeding of an infant after it has
been weaned involves so much care
and anxiety that many mothers are
willing to postpone the matter until
the health of the child is compromised
and the many other duties of the
mother interfered with.
The time of weaning obviously de
pends largely upon the individual
strength of both mother and child. If
both are well, physiological changes
make it possible, and even beneficial,
for the chili to begin to leave the
breast at the end of ten months, and to
give it entirely up at the end of a
year. Of course the transition should
be gradual except when one of
the numerous circumstances intervene
which compel an abrupt discontinuance
In determining the amount and con
sistency of the food to be supplied dur
ing the transition period we must take
into consideration the digestive powers
of the child. The milk of Jersey cows
is to be preferred, since it is richer in
fats. It is necessary to dilute milk
from a third to a half with water to
bring it more nearly into correspond
ence with infantile digestive abilities,
and ordinary milk suffers tv such a
dilution a marked diminution in the
amount of fats.
The slight acidity of cow's milk may
be disregarded in healthy babies of six
months or over, although lime-water
should be added at any earlier period.
In warm weather all -milk should be
heated to almost one hundred and sev
enty degrees, except in the case of very
weak infants, when the subject should
receive the attention of a medical ad
viser. After a child is six months old it
may be given small quantities of
starchy products, the best forms being
potatoes, eatmeal and barley. It may
be mentioned, that oatmeal tends to
revent constipation, while barley will
check a diarrhoea.
At thU period crusts of stale bread
and crackers should be given to the
child to nibble. Eggs diluted with wa
ter and sweetened are very nutritious,
nd in fact make a very good substi
tute for milk.
At the end of a year soft boiled eggs
and broths of beef, chicken or mutton
may be added to the diet, which from
this time on should be increased in pro
portion to the strength of the child.
Finely-divided bits of underdone meat
to chew and suck,' graham and corn
bread, rice, baked potatoes and like
articles form a Tarried assortment from
which to tempt the appetite of the lit
Us one. Youth's Companion,
H maiden, with the eyes of blue
acu sinning comtn cair.
Vj? What Is the rift you hend to view
And clasp with lovin;: care?
l"pon your checks the blushes play.
Your eyes like sappmrcs srunc.
As lookins up you bless the day
Of good Saint Valentine.
Oh queenly maid, with eye of ni'ht
Ar.d hair like raven's wing.
What is the pift you bold so tipht.
That dainty, perfumed thing?
And what the lmphing words you siy
With lips like ruby wine?
While in your heart yo:i bless the day
Of good baint Valentine.
Oh senile maid, with eyes cf brown
And curls of chestnut hair
That form a mantle or a crown.
Whiche'er you choose to wear
What do the simple verses say
Anion? the Honors that twine?
That you should kneel to bless the day
Of good Saint Valentine.
Oh happy maidens, fair and sweet.
The gift to each is dear
That Cupid brings on pinions fleet
"When love is waiting near.
And. as you hide it safe away.
To each will seem divine
The Joy that came upon this day
Of good Saint Valentine.
Rdth Raymond, in Once a Week.
V V IIATEVER other accom
plishments or characteristics Simon
Early may have possessed his predom
inant qualities were excessive bashful
ness and a very slender form, set off by
a pale, lemon-colored strip of fuzz on
his upper lip. lie was in the employ
of Messrs. Hoof & Tallow, of Windy
City, a frontier town noted for its
briskness and its numerous cyclones,
which, it was declared, turned the in
habitants over as often as a setting hen
is said to turn her eggs over. It was
seldom, however, that any fatalities
had to be reported, though many com
plaints of being "shuck up right
smart" might have been heard on vari
Messrs. Iloof & Tallow plied a thrifty
business in buying up and shipping
out hides, bones, etc., products made
abundant by the cyclone, the blizzard
and the great, gaunt prairie wolves.
Simon wa fresh from the rural dis
tricts around Star Valley, Kan., from
which it was rumored that his folks
had been driven by force of dry
weather and chinch-bugs. A few of
their former acquaintances, however,
declared that the tall, thin-visaged be
ing known as Simon's father had been
actuated in quitting his old place of
abode more on account of the enforce
ment of the prohibitory law than for
any other reason, and had come to
live among cowboys ns.l buffalo grass,
where more freedom of conscience was
Re that as it may, the elder Early
had removed his family and belongings
to the more unrestricted town of Windy
City, where the diradent Simon had
secured a position in his Uncle Hoofs
In order to help Simon scrape off
some of the bashfulness for which he
was renowned his considerate uncle
and Mr. Tallow frequently sent him
across the hillocks nd hollows of buf
falo grass to outlying farmers and
ranchers to bargain for fresh supplies
of hides, bones, and anything in their
It was St. Valentine's day, mild and
pleasant. Rut the good and much
enduring citizens of Windy City
were not an almanac-reading people,
and it is doubtful if more than a half
dozen of them could have told you why
the 14th of February was such a popu
lar day with young folks.
Simon was one of that half-dozen,
lie knew what Valentine's day meant,
and it had been his intention to answer
an advertisement in a newspaper where
he had read that two fancy, lacc
t rimmed expressions of a lover's feel
ings might be purchased for five cents.
lie didn't care for the money, and,
much as he would have liked sending
both of them to a certain maiden over
on Tar creek, he lacked even the cour
age to write the manufacturers what
he wanted. They didn't keep valentines
for sale at any of the stores in Windy
City. But shutting whatever regrets
or longings he might have closely in
his heart, Simon mounted his broncho
and rode away across the prairie to en
gage hides and bones for the firm.
He blushed to himself as he thought
how much pleasanter it would be to
engage that certain maiden inaonversa
tion, if he only dared do it.
An unusually early blizzard had
swept along Tar creek, killing a great
deal of stock for the ranchers. This
enabled the youth to reap a rich har
vest in the pecnliar wares of the firm.
. Having bargained with some fellows
engaged in the bone-picking business
to deliver at an early day, Simon
started toward home, directing his
broncho by a cattle path that passed
the ranch of old Sandhill Hyde, one of
the flrvt comers to Tar creek.. The old
rancher, jovial and grizzly, caught
-sightof-Simon and hailed him.- -. r
""UullOySime!. Ride in an' lite. ..It's
linear nasa. lime. anef yernoterbove
J breaUin' a'n eatin' corn-dodger an' ta-
ters with ole San'hill an' liis gfcls, jes'
take yer lean carcass off thet critter
an' kem in. Ther women foll.-s'd be
plumb tickled ter hev yer stop."
"I'm much obliged to you, Mr. Hyde."
returned Simon, halting before the old
rancher, and only a few feet from the
door of the cabin, "but I must be get
"Yer hain't goin' to do no sech thing,
Sime, Git right off, I say." insisted
"I can't. Mr. Hyde," stammered Si
mon, blushing as red as a Kansas sun
set, and bowing nervously to the six
buxom daughters of Sandhill, who,
hearing voices outside, had rushed to
the door to learn who had arrived. So
gn-at was the shock to Simon, when he
beheld those six black-eyed, rosy
cheeked creatures gazing at him, that
he really felt faint. Ills backbone was
as limp as a piece of wet cheese-cloth.
Several times lie fore he had met
Sandhill's six g'.rls, and at three or
four "gum-chaws" on Tar creek that
winter he had actually had the courage
to play with one of them. In fact,
that one was the certain maiden Simon
had thought of when he read about the
two valentines for five cents. A cow
boy friend was responsible for initiat
ing the diffident youth into the
mysteries of those frontier play
parties, and although the dark orbs of
Alzony Hyde had almost unhinged his
nervous system, he had somehow man
aged to play several games with her.
He had not seen Alzony since the
JCcw Year's party at Thad Miller's, and
now the sight of her in all her strong
beauty set wild emotions capering in
his breast, and he resolved to fly as
speedily as he could tear himself away
from Old Sandhill. Then he suddenly
remliered that his employers had com
missioned him to call that very day at
Rancher Hyde's. Despite the fact that
it was agony to talk business with
those six girlsstanding in the doorway,
Simon made a heroic effort and stam
"I can't get off to-day, but I wanted
to see you on a little business.'
"All right, Sime. Wot kin I do fur
yer?" encouraged Old Sandhill.
"Have you any hides?" asked Simon,
very red in the face, "I want what you
have if you can spare 'em."
A peculiar twinkle came into the old
rancher's eyes, and raising his lusty
voice, he called:
"Sary Lib, kem hyer!."
"Wot yer want?" demanded a fleshy,
middle-aged woman, pushing the girls
' I CAS T SET
good-naturedly out of the door and
taking possession of the space her
self. "Hyer's this Windy City hairpin
wantin' ter know ef we hev any hidfi
ter spare," he informed his smiling
"Waal, I low we hev," she returned,
nodding pleasantly to the easeless
Simon, her smile broadening as she
scented one of Sandhill's characteristic
"Waal, Sime, yer hear wot Sary Lib
hev ter say , so as fur as I'm consarned yer
kin hev every hide I've got ef yer want
'em," was Sandhill's answer, winking
facetiously at his better half.
"How many have you?" asked the
hide buyer, growing more and more
nneasy under the quizzical treatment
of the old rancher.
"Six, all mighty well kcp" with an
"I'd like to see them right away," an
swered Simon, fidgeti lg nervously with
his bridle rein. "I got to be gettin'
"All right, Sime," and pointing to
his six giggling girls, Old Sandhill con
tinued: "Thar, Sime, is my Ilydes, an'
I 'low yer won't strike er finer lot in
this whole blame kentry. I didn't
spoct er slim hairpin like yer would
want 'em all, but el yer do, taice every
hooter of 'em, an' may buffcrlo grass
an' bones save yer!"
The face of the timid hide buyer was
painful to behold. He tried to urge
his broncho away, but ho was power
less to speak or move. The girls, un
able longer to repress their risibilities,
joined their parents in laughter.
"Waal, Sime, the oia rancner went
on, choking back another roar of mirth,
"seein' as yer kin o' morose erbout ther
matter, I'll throw in ther ole woman
That was too much. -With, a chock
Simon recovered his power of motion,
prodded, . ljjs . broncho sharply, and
started away from the scene of his tor
ture. Then Old Sandhill lifted up his
voice and called to- a cowboy at the
stable: . .,! ; , . , . :.
"Limber Rob, fling yer carcass onter
Florence an' capture thet Windy City
galoot for me!" "
The words were scarcely uttered
when a swift clatter of hoofs was
heard, and a cloud of dust from the
dry road announced that Limber Rob
was on Simon's trail.
"Old Sandhill orders yer back,
Simey," yelled the pursuer. "So yer
best mosey erlong back ter ther ranch
with me an' sorter save funeral ex
penses." Covered with Limber Rob's unfailing
six-shooter, Simon was fain to ride
back to where Old Sandhill waited for
"That's er nice way ter treat a feller
when he's tryin ter help yer out on
Valentine's day, hain't it?" Old Sand
hill greeted the shame-faced Simon.
"Xow, see hyer, Sime! yer jes naterally
got yerself implercated with my fam
bly, an' I aim ter hev satisfaction.
Didn't yer kiss my Alzony at that gum
chaw at Thad's?"
Utterly wilted in his saddle. Simon
could answer nothing. Retreat was im
possible. Limber Rob stood guard with
"Didn't yer, eh?" Old Sandhill in
sisted of his captive.
"Yes," Simon managed to stammer,
at last, "but I I couldn't help it."
"How many times did this dude kiss
yer, Alzony, over ter thet gum-chaw at
Thad's?" he asked his daughter.
"Oh, pap! hursh up!" Alzony replied,
taking refuge behind her mother.
"How many times, Riney?" he ap
pealed to another.
"Didn't count 'em," Riney returned
with a simper.
"I 'peal ter yer, Sime, seein' the gals
won't tell. Ivow own up how many
times yer smacked my gal. Shoot him
on ther spot, 15ob, if he don't own up
honorable like," commanded SandhilL
"Three times," came feebly from the
"Three times! Great taters! Why,
young feller, yer wuss complercated
with my Alzony than I 'speeted. Rut
I'm jes goin' ter give yer er chance ter
crawl outen ther complercation as re
spectable like as yer kin. Y'er like Al
zony, don't yer, Sime?"
"Yes," was the response.
"Yer like Sime, too, Alzony?"
"Speak up, gal. Le's hev no foolin',
urged her father.
"Well, yes, then," she returned, hid-
ing her burning face against her moth
er's ample shoulder.
"Thet settles ther whole business,"
announced Old Sandhill, with a broad
smile of satisfaction. "Do yer know,
Sime, wot day this hyer is?"
"The fourteenth," Simon answered
promptly, his bashfulness evidently
"Of course it is, yer scant hairpin,
an' when I was a young feller it was a
great day fur ther young folks ter mate
off, like ther birds in ther woods." Don't
yer rememberer Valentine, Sary Lib?"
he asked, looking affectionately at his
"Yes, 'twas yerself. Sandhill," she
answered, a tender light stealing into
"An I'm yours yit an always. An
jes so, Sime, yer my Alzony's valentine,
and she's your'n! The rest of yer go
in the cabin, an' let Alzony ask Sime
ter tie up and git over his rush."
Limber Rob did not have to ride Si
mon down the second time. Ad II
Gibson, in National Tribune.
She Is not Jealous, yet she wished to know
If any valentines I had received
This year save hers; and when I answered no.
Although I blushed. I knew that she be
lieved. I lied of course: bat why should I regale her
Atout the little one sent by my tailor?
A Natural Question.
Miss Autumn Isn't this a pretty val
entine I got? I
MissCaustique Yes, very. What year
did yon receive it?-Judge.
Trotter "Going to send out anj
valentines this year?" Cholly "Yaas;
I think I will send all the girls I know
my photo." Trotter "Why, Cholly,
it is very bad form to send ont comic
raVipUnes." Harper's Bazar
HOME HINTS AND HELPS.
Apple Custard Pie: Peel, core and
te,w apples in a very little water until
tender, put them through a colander,
and for one pie take three egps. one
third cup of butter, one-third cup of
sugar, and flavored with nutmeg and
lemon: use one cup of the apple tulp
to each pie, and only the yolks of the
eggs, making a meringue with the
whites for the top. Housekeeper.
Cheese Straws: Place in a bowl
one and one-half pounds of flour, into
this rub four ounces of butter. Reat
one egg with a gill of milk, pour into
the flour and add six ounces of cheese
(grated), half a salts poo n of salt and
half 1 as much cayenne pepper. Mix
well, roll out to the thickness of about
one-fourth an inch. Cut into strips,
lay upon greased pans and bake in a
quick oven to a delicate brown. Or
ange Judd Farmer.
Roiled Starch: One tablespoonful
of white starch, two tablespoonfuls of
cold water, a quarter of an inch of
common tallow candle, a small half
teaspoonful of borax. Mix the starch
with cold water till quite smooth, and
add the tallow. Stir well, and while
stirring pour on boiling water till the
starch becomes transparent, when it
is ready. Dissolve the bora in a lit
tle boiling water, and add it to the
starch. It can be used, when just
cooked, for making articles very stiff,
or can be diluted to suit lace and mus
lin. Farm and House.
Seakale: Tie the seakale up in
bundles and put it into a saucepan of
boiling water with a teaspoonful of
salt, let it boil for about twenty min
utes, or till tender. Drain and serve it
on slices of toast with melted butter in
a separate dish. Or trim and wash it
well, tie in bundles, put it into boiling
water into which a handful of sal has
been thrown. Roil it twelve minutes,
drain it thoroughly and put it into a
saucepan with enough nice gravy to
cover it, and stew it until quite tender.
It should be sent to the table in the
gravy. Roston Budget.
Marmalade Pudding: Let the
bread soak in cold water until soft,
then put into a clean muslin cloth and
wring all the water out; the old bread
will tthen appear almost like fresh
bread crumbs. Mix well two large
cupfuls of the prepared bread, half a
cupful of finely-chopped suet, three
parts of a cupful of moist sugar, the
same of marmalade, and moisten with
a little milk. Put into a well-greased
mold or basin, tie down with a floured
cloth, boil or steam for two hours,
turn out on a dish, sift over with fine
sugar and serve. Farm and Home.
Deft Fingers May Construct Many Charm
ing Additions to the Toilet.
To the woman who has little to spend
on her wardrobe the present fashions
are a boon, for if she has good taste
and possesses the art of putting it on
her clothes she can make her appear
ance as attractive as that of her richer
A lace yoke, a vest of chiffon, some
knots of ribbon, what wonders can
they not accomplish? With deft fingers
all the pretty trifles that are displayed
in such profusion in the shops may be
made at home with less than half the
outlay. With the pattern of a well
fitting yoke at hand a model in lace is
easily cut, and then comes the lace or
chiffon ruffle which, made of the de
sired width, is put on full all around.
A band of lace forms the collar and
over this is worn the velvet, silk or
chiffon adjustable collar, which also is
made at home.
A heliotrope gown of two years' date
has been made as good as new, and
much prettier than ever, by the addi
tion of a yoke, collar and epaulettes
of heliotrope velvet, and a band of stiff
lining in the skirt and a fold of bias
velvet on the edge. A girl who pos
sessed a pretty pink silk skirt made a
low bodice for herself by covering a
white underwaist which was a perfect
fit, with accordion-plated rose-pink
chiffon. Several frills of pink chiffon
trimmed it around the shoulders and
the sleeves consisted of full puffs of
the chiffon with a bow of black velvet
above them. A wide pink satin sash
fastened in a point in front with a
paste buckel. and tied behind, finished
the pretty bodice.
Loose pieces of accordion-plaited
chiffon or silk on which narrow white
lace insertion is sewn in stripes, make
pretty vests especially when worn
with a belt and collar of velvet or rib
bon to match. Point de Genes is a very
pretty lace for vests, while the most
suitable for yokes is guipure or point
de Venice. Remodeling and freshen
ing up dresses needs some little prac
tice and skill, and it saves many a dol
lar to be able to do this at home. Chi
Silk and Wool Combination.
The material used for an extremely
effective bouse dress is a deep garnet
silk. The skirt, which has a slight
train, has for its finish a bias band of
garnet velvet. The bodice, a round ene
fitting closely, is made with a yoke of
velvet decorated in the front by three
bands of passementerie, having a gold
background with imitation rubies set
in it, while tasseled pendants of gold
beads fall from the ends and arc the
finish of each strip. The belt is of
passementrie like that on the yoke,
and fastens in front, the two
long ends tipped with Leavy tas
sels of the gold beads reaching al
most to the edge of the skirt. The
sleeves are very full, are of the silk,
and shape in to the arms below the el
bows, where they are apparently but
toned on each oilier side by seven small
gold buttons. The hair 4s drawn up
high on the head and a gold dagger In
stuck through it With such a toilette
it would be in good taste to wear the
prettiest of one's rings and a fanjy
brooch, but bacelets, necklaces and
elaborate hair ornaments must be re
served for the evening. If one wished
to develop this in simpler fabrics one
could use cashmere and moire, the com
bination of golden brown and black or
black or green and black with jet trim
mings on the yoke being saecially com
mended. Ladies' Home Journal.
FARM AND GARDEN.
BEES AND THEIR WAYS.
How -to Fat Knowledge Obtained froaa
hooks Into Practice
We advise everyone who intends to
learn apiculture to begin in the spring;
with a colony or two of bees, and then
he can put hU knowledge obtained
from books into practice. This is the
only way to become an expert.
To everyone contemplating a pur
chase of a colony or two of bees we
would suggest the following: Do not
be carried away with the notion that
the heavier a colony of bees is the bet
ter it is. We have known many sadly
disappointed in following out this idea.
The colony selected may have very few
bees in it. It may be full of honey, to
be sure, but the bees that made it
may have long since disappeared, the
queen may have died and no bees have
been reared and, consequently, no con
sumption of honey was demanded for
raising young brood. Hence the great
quantity of honey left. If the box in
which the colony is be large, as many
of them are in the old style, there may
be a great deal of honey and a good
colony of bees at the same time.
To ascertain whether a colony has a
live, active and laying queen is another
important matter which can be easily
found. In .movable comb hives it is
very easy to discover the presence of
the queen, even if you do not see her.
Taking up a frame in the brood cham
ber, near the center, and examining it,
if the colony has a prolific queen, eggs
and brood in all stages of development
will be found about the last of Febru
ary or during the month of March. If
these are not visible during the la it
named month the queen has disap
peared, and, if a goodly number of bee
yet remain, the colony should be fur
nished with another queen, if one can
be secured. Giving such a colony a
frame of comb, with eggs and brood
from another strong colony, is general
ly recommended, but for our own part
we have not found this to work so well
as giving the bees in early spring to
Taking combs of brood from even a
strong colony weakens and discourages
it, anil what is gained on the one hand
is lost on the other. Any weak colony
will be strengthened by the accession
of even a pint or quart of bees from
another hive. The difficulty of getting,
drones in early spring to fertilize a vir
gin queen is so great that several
queens have to be reared before it can
be accomplished. The colony will be
still weak until it secures a laying
queen. All this requires care and at
tention, and frequently issues in disap-i
pointment. We have abandoned the
In an old box hive it is far more dif
ficult to ascertain the presence of the
queen. Ry tilting such a box to one
side and looking at the board on which
it is placed, if imperfectly formed grubs
or parts of their bodies are seen, it is a
sure evidence that brood rearing is go
ing on and the colony is all right. In
the absence of these indications, we
have inverted such boxes, and by blow
ing some smoke on the bees have
driven them to the top so that we could
by separating the combs see the brood.
Some think that when bees in the
spring begin to carry in pollen it is a
sure sign that brood rearing is going
on. but in our experience it is not in
fallible. Anyone by close observation can
easily discover in the course of a week
whether the bees ate increasing or not.
They increase rapidly after they begin
carrying in pollen. Farm Journal.
Sappllr-i Warm Water Automatically Aftet
It I Filled.
The drinking fountain illustrated in
this issue supplies water automatically
after it is filled, and a large number of
fowls can drink at the same time. The
water is always warm, and the lamp
also warms the poultry house to a cer
tain extent. The wattles of the birds
do not get wet, and as the water is
eight inches above the ground it does
not become filthy. It holds about nine
gallons, and will consequently last a
long time, though a smaller fountain
WARM-WATER DRINKING FOL'STACT.
may be made upon the same plan if
preferred. The material above the
hoop is of zinc and will last for years,
the lower portion being of galvanized
iron. The estimated cost of such a
large fountain is two dollars. It can
also be made for a less sum if the heat
is no object. The water will not over
flow if the fountain is level and the
screw cap air tight. When filling it
insert a cork in the feed hole and
screw down the screw cap; then with
draw the cork. The feed hole is at the
water line. The fountain may be
round or square. The illustration
shows it cut in half. Water surrounds
the lamp, and, while kept warm, is not
hot. No water is over the top of the
lamp. The scale of the illustration is
one-eighth of an inch for one inch. The
galvanized hoop is to let air into the
lamp near the bottom. There is no
patent on the lamp. It was sent to
Farm and Fireside by Mr. Robert
Feeding potatoes with long sprouts,
to cattle is a very dangerous practice,
as the sprouts contain a poison which
acts injuriously on the nervous system.
As a rule, aged brood sows are th
most prolific, the best mothers, and pro
duce the most vigorous offspring.