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T T-f V. nuirnriTi m .
I. H. ADAMS, Fabllshar.
"I'LL DO WHAT
Who take for his motto:
'Til do what I
Sha,"J?ftLe,T.the world a Woes dovn
The willing young; heart makes the cap.
a . i i . .
lk be can' oft can do
"fi . .
'""V sir-nsm in the Impulse to help
uuurcamea or will come to
Of one who, though weak, yet believes he
An 4V. . 1 -
And offers himself in th tnov
"1 11 do what I can" Is a chntlpm-t.
And fate must succumb when it's put to
A heart that is wiilinc to labor nnd T-tf
In its tussel with life ever comes out the
It puis the blue Imps of depression
And makes many difficult problems seem
It mmints over obstacles, dissipates douht.
jiuu iwiiun-ia KinKs m me s curious
Til do what I can"' keeps the progress
In Rood working order as centuries roll.
And civilization would perish, I ween.
Were not those words written on many a
They fell the great forests, they furrow the
They seek new inventions to benefit man.
They iVar no exertion, make pastime of
Oh. creat is earth's debt to "I'll do what
Klla W heeler Wilcox, In X. Y. Inde
partner of Mars-
deu &. Hylotty,
bankers, sat alone
one evening ia his
The nason had
been a very heavy
o it e, for much
money hail ox-
changed huuus through t!io unsettled
state of the public minil, occasioned l.y
bank failures ami the explosions of
public companies: but Marsden fc Ky
loity's bank liad stood unshaken, for it
vas conducted on a sound financial
basis with a large capital, and had be
come quite au old established institu
tion. In consequence of the aforesaid fail
ures, the receipts at Marsden"s had ex
panded enormously, and Mr. Phillip,
whose heart and soul were in the life
long work which his great-grand father
founded, frequently drove :,cross and
stayed behind for an hour or so of late
to glance through the transactions of
the day carefully and quietly. It
was. crhas, a little indiscreet so far
is his health was concerned, for Phil
lip was traveling toward the "sun
down" of life, having passed his three
score years and ten. His medical a.d
Tiser had frequently enjoined him !
avoid mental or physical exertion, h's.
constitution being far from strong now;
but when the banker laughed and pooh
poohed the" idea, the doctor, with a
merry twinkle in his eye. prophesied
"that Marsilcn would assuredly die in
The latter almost believed it, too,
while admitting that his intellect wa
riot so keen, his judgment and discrim
inating faculties not quite so clear, nor
his strength what it was s-mc 40 years
back. II" had been a masterly finan
cier in his early days at the banl:.
conjuring with monetary problems as
boys do with marbles, and giving th-?
strictest attention to the work and to
the secure custody of the documents,
nnd cash within its walls. Some very
ingenious devices in the construction of
the building and its rooms were at
tributable to his foresight, artifice an 1
care. Marsilcn was a dear old gentle
man, genial, happy and exceedingly
kind to the staff in his employ, who. in
return, performed their duties to tin!
very letter, knowing the esteem in
"YOU A RE MR. MARSDEN.I RELIEVE
which their services were held and sub
The moments wore on, and Mr. Mars
den, with a yawn, rose from his seat,
and was just about to depart when a
knock at the side door of the otlice de
manded his attention. Upon opening
the door a police sergeant and two stal
wart officers in plain clothes confronts
"You are Mr. Marsden. I believe, sir;
the head of the bank?" inquired the
sergeant, in an anxious undertone.
"That is so. I am Mr. Marsden."
"I hove some most important evi
dence to communicate, if you will grant
us a few minutes in private, sir.
"Indeed! Certainly. Step inside.
And these two gentlemen, who might
they be?" asked the banker, turning
cn his heel.
"Two detective officers engaged upon
their duty," replied the sergeant, and
the trio were quickly ushered into the
privat sanctum of the banker.
"I mt.Uying rather later than usual
i ins luriunaieinaa not gone.
(a. M;nL. I . T I ,
Aery fortunate, for our visit con
cerns you most seriously.
"Indeed!" said Mr. Phillip, opening-
nis eyes widely and popping his gold
rimmed spectacles up on his forehead
les, sir; from information which
has come into our possession, and which
I must ask you in the interests of nub.
lie justice not to divulge, but to afford
us what assistance you can, I have to
inform you that a daring robIerv is
contemplated upon your bank to
-Never!" said Mr. Marsden, staring
aghast. "Why, these premises are proof
"Vou may think so; but you don't
know these men. To go into the mat
ter, sir, it came about in this way: We
vere on the scent of a notorious little
gang of three expert bank robbers and
safe breakers a short time since, n nil
thorough smart fellows, too. Hut, un
fortunately, we only succeeded in run
ning one to earth the others eluded
us. The prisoner was convicted and
sentenced to ten years penal servi
tude; but, like similar cases we have
known, it subsequently came to his
knowledge that his confederates had
since his incarceration not acted up to
their promise in making provision for
his aged mother out of their ill-gotten
gains, so he, in a spirit of revenge.
IH-nched upon them, and furnished us
with full information concerning their
whereabouts and future intentions.
Prom this point these two other officers
can bettercxplain than I."
"Great heavens! You astound ira !"
said the aged banker, who became fur
"I)o not ainrm yourself, sir; they will
fall into their own trap, rest assured."
continued one of the detectives, taking
up the thread of the narrative. "Yes.
acting cm the statement made by the
prisoner, my collingue and I instituted
careful and. I might say. cunning in
quiries, for these wily fellows are dif
ficult to track. We have been unable
to conic upon tnc two individuals 'iieni-
Ives: but after indefatigable efforts
from a roundalont sourci a woman
as usual being at the bottom of it v e
have learned that they intend forcing
Marsden fr I'vlottv's bank to-night. and
iving by the boat express to-inoi r-.-xv
for the continent."
lint they will just be deceived, s'r.
We have hit. upon a plan, and ask you
to acquiesce in our carrying it out."
Most certainly, whatever vou think
best. What do vou suggest ?"
Well, we want to catch them red-
handed, as it were, and ask our pt r-
mission to secrete ourselves upon lie
premises for the night, so as to fitily
be prepared and wit ing for our men."
Yes, yes. I presume you have writ
And the plain clothes gentlemen drew
from their breast pockets the author
ized ofiicial document bearing the nsnr.e
of the chief of the department, which
was quite satisfactory.
"After consulting with our superi
ors," continued the oflicer, "we think
that the plan we have suggested, w ith
your permission, the most likely to in
sure success. We should like you to
.'urnish us with your private address
so as to communicate with you during
the night, should your services be re
quired." "Yes, of course. 'The Hollies, 15
Win stan ton en seen t "
"Weil known, sir. That will be suf
ficient, thank you."
And the oflicer jo! ted it down quick
ly in his pocketbook.
After pointing out a ponderous iron
safe, which he hoped the villains would
not turn their attention to, Mr. Phillip
Marsden bid them good eening. re-i
questing them to ict him know iLe in
stant he might be wanted.
lie departed in a feverish state of anx
iety, wondering naturally, what th.!
night would bring forth.
Now, directly the old gentleman had
left the real character of the j-seudo-police
ofiiccrs was apparent. It was
quite true that a notorious "lit lie" gam
of bank robbers contemplated an at-
i tack on the bank that night, and those
scoundrels were actually none others
than themselves! Their warranto were
forgeries and the sergeant's uniform
the perfection of imitation to the last
button. No time was to be lost. From
the coat tail pockets of the s-rgeant
cams some of the finest tempered stee!
drill.! and other implements for forcing
and boring iron safes as ever graced
the person of the most experienced crib
cracker. Deftly manufactured skele
ton keys for picking the best and most
complicated locks were broughi forth;
in short, everything needed for h thor
ough. daring and successful burglary.
"We've got a long night's work.
Charlie, I'm afraid," said one. "It's now
nine o'clock, and if we get through this
safe under ten hours we're lucky. We
must set to work with a will."
Accordingly the "sergeant" speedily
turned his attention to the back prem
ises with a view to a hurried escape
should they be disturbed, while the tw
others directed theirs to the huge iron
safe spoken of by thp banker. Drills
were quickly applied behind the hinges;
of the door, and boring commenced in
real earnest, for these "gentlemen"
burglars knew pretty well everything
worth knowing as to the construction of
most safes in use.
Progress was very slow at first, bu.
the men never ceased. Dn.l. drill, drill,
on went the work almost in silence.
Now and then just a short speil for a
"breather." Midnight arrived, and a
little better progress, for they labored
harder than ever.One.two.lhree o'clock
and now the huge iron door b-gan to
yield and creak a little.
"Tough work. Jim. Pu it'll pay us
in the end. old fellow. Keep it up. We
must finish it by six o'clock, for jer
haps some blessed office e'eaner may
be here, or people be moving outside."
Four o'clock and a good aperture was
made. Five o'clock and they were per
spiring like blacksmiths nt a forge in
July, and they worked like demons
with their drills and levers. Presently,
with a united and terrific effort, th
outer door was loosened from its sock
ets. "Good!" muttered one, as they grad
ually yet laboriously lowered the
mighty piece of metal to the ground.
"The inner compartment is very short
And so it proved, for with the utmost
dexterity one pried the lock as the.
other, with a thin chisel, as hard as ada
mant, started forcing the door.
"One more wrench, Jim, and then for
the spoil!" And he rubbed his hands
Clang! And open flew the door. But
Foiled! Frustrated! Baffled! The
safe was empty!
The scoundrels who had instantly
dived their hands into the interior
shrank back aghast swearing and pour
ing curses upon the old banker's head.
"Dab! the old blackguard! lie has
done us, Jim! And w ho'd have dreamed
"There's no time to lose," blurted his
confederate, smashing anything be
could lav his hands on in sherr wanton
ness. "It's striking six o'clock and
work people are about."
Tools were hurriedly collected and
jxicketed again, and the "sergeant,''
with a disappointed growl, suggested
that they should go out by the door
they came in by. as nobody was stirring
much, and the back way meant sealing
walls and roofs. This thev (lid. but im
mediately on emerging into the street
they were met by Mr. Marsden in com
pany with three constables. The old
banker had experienced h sleepless
night and risen early, calling at the
police station, innocently enough, on
his way to ascertain the news, if any.
and was there astonished 'o learn that
th.v believed it to be a bogus affair, as
they knew nothing of it.
Vii'Te was a desperate effort on th
pr.rt of the burglars to escape, but on-'
or two passing workmen 'it the cry of
'"ITelp;" rendered assistance, nnd th"' :
'police oT'eers" were strongly secured. ''
Mr. Phiilip Marsden. on stepping into
. -f 1 r
"Tii oi.n m.ACKOUAni) has done
the bank, although greatly unnerved
and agitated at the state of affairs,
could scarcely suppress his laughter on
finding that his "decoy," as he called it,
had given so much trouble, and thor
oughly done them, although he was
quite ignorant of the plot he had unin
tentionally laid for tiiem.
The "decoy," an old, insecure safe,
whieh was always purposely kept
empty, was one of Mr. Marsdcn's in
genious ideas for throw ing burglars off
the scent, being fixed in a prominent
position to attract notice, while other
safes containing the valuables were fn
away from the rooms in ordinary use.
The pseudo-detective officers are in
safe cus'oily now. They have their
regular "drills." and instead of picking
locks, pick oakum. I.ivcrHol Mer.
USEFUL ELACK AND TAN.
Dili; lii?ert:i!ie. tn Help a Hen Support
Her I atmly.
A hen was sitting upon a. "clutch"
of 13 eggs, and Don, the Mack-aiid-tan.
soon became very inrious to know why
she stayd in the barn so closely.
The dog. as it appears, had formerly
been given to teasing the hen, snatch
ing her lood away from her. and othcr
v.ise m iking bin. self a torment; but
this intercourse had gradually turned
into fri-ndship, si ml the two would
sometimes be seen lying and squatting
side by side in the sun, on a bit of car
pet in the back porch.
During the three weeks that the hen
sat on her eggs, Don used to pay daily
visits to the barn, and sometimes would
stay with her by the half hour.
Then the chicks came out of
their sh-lls. Don was intensely inter
ested. 11 day long he scarcely left the
barn. The next morning, when 'he hen
stepped off the nest, and with .1 cluck
called her brood after her, Don fol
lowed. The hn fell to scratching, and the
fluffy chicks darted hither and thither,
picking up the titbits which the mother
"Good!" said Don to himself; "lean
elp in this business." and, to the terror
of the chickens, he ran amnngthem and
began turning up the soil at a lively
rate. Then he sat down and wa'ted.
The mother hen called back the
chicks to the newly-scratched earth,
and soo.i they picked it clean. Then j
the dog took another turn, nnd so the j
good work proceeded, to the great de- j
light of all the part!CS.--Ini!ianapolis
A New Cilas.
Hot weather makes particularly de
lightful the news from Germany of the
production of glass capable of trans
mitting light freely, but not heat. Th
plate contains 2S per cent, of iron in the
form of ferrous chloride. I: allows only
4.(Jf per cent, of heat to pass through
it. Ordinary window glass lets c'oou'
Sti per cent, of the hea 1 throtigh.-
The lest portion of a good man":!
life is his little nameless, unremeni
bered acts of kindness and of love
WHEN TO EAT.
6a J Dtk
James II. Jackson.
A well-known physician, James It.
Jackson, says: It is a debatable ques
tion how often food is required to pre
serve health or aid in resoring it, but
the important point is gained when suf
ficient nourishment is applied to make
good the continual waste of tissue, thus
keeping the body in repair and main
taining the normal expression of the
To fulfill the demands of the system,
the blood should be kept in condition
to nutrify all the tissues of the body,
neither falling below nor rising above
a healthful standard of nutritive power.
As the process of nutrition, involving
the removal of waste and the assimila
tion of new material, take place more
rapidly in some cases than in others, no
absolute rule can be laid down as to the
frequency of eating, but in general it
may be said that nourishment must be
adequate to prevent dcteriation of the
blood. The average man in active life
requires daily from 16 to 23 ounces of
food, free from water, representing be
tween three or four pounds of the or
dinary nutritive substances. Now,
scientifically it would seem to le of
little confequence when this amount is
taken into the system, but practically
it docs make considerable difference.
First, it is necessary to prevent exhaus
tion of the nutritive elements in the
blood, and second to guard against any
functional digestive disturbance, thus
precluding an abnormal manifestation
in the organs of digestion. In other
words, if the demands upon the diges
tive functions are too frequent there is
p. liability to irritation, exhaustion, in
flammation, and the whole train of
functiona' disorders. Overloading the
stomach tends to produce the same or
similar conditions. Habit largely con
trols the times cf eating, but habit is
often formed w ithout regard to any ne
cessity on the part of the organism. and
may be arranged, with equal facility to
conform to longer or shorter intcrals
ns may be desired.
The quality of food has also an im
portant ''caring on this Mibj.'c. IVr
: ons w ho live on stiiniilal ing articles of
diet. iii"luding tea. coffee, animal llesh
in considerable quantities, cond'incnts
fir alcoholic stimulants, sei in to require
food olteiier than those who choose an
itistinutlating diet. The reason is that
regardless of the nutritive material al
reidy i'l the blood a seeming demand
exists for an additional quantity w hich
is. expr's.seil oy a sense nt n linger or
ve: kni ss as the result of reaction from
the stimulants taken; and this reaction :
usually asserts itself more inijiei atively ,
than the natural desire f..r food, when '
there has been no undue stimulation. I
True hunger 's always a call frun the j
tissues of the ImhIv for
ferial, whde much of the so-called hiin
fer is meiely an expression cf irritation
t.f the serves of the sti.:i;aeh arising
from inflammation or irritative condi
tions as ihe result of reaction from pte
ions sti nidation.
Persons living on stimulating fivods,
when called upon to fotego an accus
tomed meal, complain ol weakness,
"goneness" and hunger, to a fargreater
degree than those who live on an nil-i-iiinnlnting
diet. As a i ule meals re
cur too frequently, coniieIling the or
gans of d gestion to undergo the phy
siological congestion which follows the
introduelion of food into the stomach
so often that after a lonaer or shorter
period at hological or abnormal con
gestion is set up which results in lack
cf secretion or changes the character of
the fluid contents of the stomach to
such an extent the fermentation and the
formation of gas follow. I'nquestion
ably the majority of people would be
l etter in health to take lu.t two meals
n day. bri rkfast at eight or nine o'clock
in the morning, and dinner nt five or six
in the afternoon. Western llural.
Mfry of an
I'mct ir:il .Iokf-4.
The elephant at the J.irilin des
I'hintes. at Paris, used to play his visit
ors a trick which could not have been
thought of but by an animal of such
intelligence. His house opened upon an
inclosure called the Elephant's park,
containing a pond, in which he would
lay himself under the water. concealing
every part of him except the very end
of his trunk a mere speck, that would
hardly lie noticed by a stranger to the
A crowd would assemble around the
inclosure, and. not seeing him in it,
would watch in expectation that he
would soon issue from the house.
But. while they were gazing about,
a copious sprinkling of water would
fall upon them, and ladies and gentle
men, with their fine lionnets and coats,
would run for shelter under the trees,
looking up at the clear sky and wonder
ing whence such a shower could come.
Immediately afterward, however,
they would see the elephant rising slow
ly from his luith, evincing, as it seemed,
an awkward joy at the trick that he had
In the course of time his amusement
became generally known, and the mo
ment the water began to rise from his
trunk the spectators would take llight,
nt which he appeared exceedingly d'
lighted. getting up as fast as he could
to see the bustle he had caused. Spare
Take four quarts of damson plums;
wash and drain, then pour over them
one quart of water in a porcelain kettle.
Cook slowly until tender, then pass
through a sieve all the pulp and as much
Fkin as possible. Wash tiie kettle and
return the pulp to it: add 1', cupfuls
of sugar, two tcnspoonfuls of cinnamon,
a teaspoon f til of ground cloves, one of
all-pice; simmer slowly until thick
enough, then put into bottles, cork and
keep in a cool place. X. Y. Ledrer.
Charles le Chauve was comnletely
bald. It is said that re had not a
t'ngle hair on head or face. Eyebrows
and eyelashes were both completely
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
English scholars are trying torais.
money to establish a students' hotel i
connection with the British school a,
Archbishop Machray, of Rupert:
Land, Can., and primate of the Anglican
church in Canada, is said to be thi
tallest bishop in the world.
Dr. Hayes C. French, a San Fran
cisco physician who has recently bet
come an evangelist, has adopted 4
unique costume for the pulpit. "All my
preaching," he says, "is done in knick
erbockers and sweater. This is the unh
form of the Young Men's Christian As
sociation Cycling club. The triangle on
the breast and cap mean spirit, body
and mind, the emblem of infinitude."
Lambeth degrees of doctor of music
are granted by the archbishop of Can
terbury, in theory, as the representa
tive of the pope. The right to grant
degrees irrespective of universities be
longs to the pope, who can delegate the
power to his legates. Till the Reforma
tion the papal legate in England wa
usually the archbishop of Canterbury,
and after the Reformation the Prot.
estant archbishops continued to gran)
How German Jews take to highei
education is shown by some remark
able statistics of the German universi
ties. Every 10,000 Frotestants in tin
empire send 20 students to the universi
ties, every 10.000 Catholics 32 and cverj
10,000 Jews 333. In the individual states
the figures are even more striking. Th
proportions for Prussia are: Prot
estants, 43; Catholics, 27; Jews, 333;
for Roman Catholic Bavaria, Prot
estants, C7; Catholics, 42; Jews, 370:
for Wurtemburg. Protestants. S4; Cath
olies, 33; Jews, 590; for Baden, Tro
estants, f4; Catholics, 41; Jews, 417:
fr Saxony. Protestants, 40; Catholics
23; Jews, 357.
In Berlin and Charlottcr.burg
schools last year 212 rectors. 2,11 mal-i
j teachers, 1.1 S3 scientific and 023 teeh-
i nieal female teachers were employed
i Rectors, after 12 years service, re
! ceive $1.)."0, with free house rent ami
i fuel; male teachers, after 31 years, re- j
' ceive $'.130. and schoolmistresses, after
' is years. S4.V. The deficiency in the
school budget for the current yar is
j more than $2,730,000. As the supply nf
: coiiege-bred teachers in the high i
schools is greater than the demand, j
many teachers have to find places in
the parish schools. Out of 212 of theso.
15 are Catholic, four have Catholic sec
: lions, while in a few religious instrue
I tion is provided for Jews.
They Are Sum of the FalreH Feminln
Creations In l'oetry.
Tennyson gave the world pictures ol
i some of the fairest feminine creation?
j in poetry winsome maidens, demur?
! and trustful; womanly women, loyal
and companionable; devoted wives,
! gentle and faithful; noble matrons, lov
I ing and self-sacrificing, serving the best
interests of home and country.
Tennyson's conception of woman and
her sphere may be regarded as rather
old-fashioned. lie was evident'y n-it
in full sympathy with some of thead-
a need notions of the modern women.
His burlesque of "woman's rights" in
"The Princess" has not hurt the cause
of the weaker sex. He understood the
right relations of the man and the
woman, and his utterances in the clos
ing passages of this poem go to the
heart of the problem. It is still trm;
that woman's chief place and crown
ing glory is to be queen of the home
There she may have an unlimited field
f r. . 7 - . . 1 e u:
iifi iii iiiiin-.-, (iiio i-Ai-i i t i .i i -i eieo i ii j
influence for good, if she but real;Z" het
opportunities and improve them. In
the household woman finds her propei
sphere nnd work:
" Her ofnc there to rear, to teach,
Iteromlnp as !s meet and fit
A l-'nk amons the days, to knit
The Kent-rations each with c-aeh."
No other poet has done more to glor
ify tiie maternal sentiment, or to mak-i
the family relation sacred. Woman's
work, as he conceived it, is not only
training the plastic minds of the young,
but spurring the man to more reso
lute eiideavorand grander achievement.
Yielding to her subtler forces and gen
tler agencies, he aspires to a highei
plane of being. While "accomplishing
his manhood" by repressing the baser
and cultivating the finer side of him,
she at the same time works out her own
salvation, humanly speaking, in the
truest sense. In a word, it is by lov
ing nnd lieing loved that she reaches the
fullest development and renders the
world the best service. Conserving
nnd fostering goodness and greatness,
ministering to the wants of the lowly,
scattering gloom and softening the
sting of anguish this is woman's mis
fion. Eugene Parsons, in Chautan
quan. Longfellow ETangellne.
The s'ory of thj origii. of Longfel
low's "Evangeline' the writing of the
poem 13 thus told: Hawthorne dined
one day with Longfellow, and brought
with him a friend from Salem After
dinner the friend said: "I have been try
ing to persuade Hawthorne to write
o story based upon a legend of Acadie
end still current there, the legend of the
girl, who, in the dispersion of the Ar
cadians, was separated from her lovet
end pasred her life in waiting and seek
ing for him, and only found him dying
in a hospital when both were old."
Ixmgfellow wondered that this legend
did not strike the fancy of Haw thorne
and said to him: "If you have really
made up your mind not to use it for a
i storv, will vou give it lo nie lor a
poem?" To this Hawthorne assented,
&nd. moreover, promised not to treat the
subject n prose till Longfellow had
Feen what he could do w:th 't in verse.
And so .e have "Evangeline" in beauti
ful hexameters, a poem that will hold
its place in literature while true af
fection lasts. Hawthorne rejoiced in
this gret success of Longfellow and
loved to count up the editions, both for
eign aud American, of this now world
renowned poem. Chicago News.
Practical. Chawley Gotrockw "M
dearest Margaret, I love you tenderly)
tfevotedly. Your smiles would shed "
Margaret "Never mind the woodshed.
How about a residence built for two?
Mrs. Colonial Dame "I am proud
tn say that my grandfather made hi
mark in the world." Mrs. Bev. Lution
"Well I guess he wasn't the only man
5n thos-j days who coulun't write hi
name." Northwest Magazine.
"I demand to be recognized!
screamed the memberess from the
Umpty-cighth district. ''Impossible,
said the tpeakeress, looking freezingly
through he lorgnette; "the lady is not
In our set." Cincinnati Enquirer.
"Gracious! " said the summer board
er. "What is that tower with the great
wheel on top of it?" "That there is a.
windmill" the farmer explained. "Real
ly? About how much wind will it turn
out in aday?" Indianapolis Journal.
"Isn't the country c;'r perfectly
lovely ?" The Modern Girl shrugged her
shoulders coldly. "Oh. I don't know,
fche rejoined; "I had my wheel inflated
with it this morning, and I don't notice
much diiference." Detroit Tribune.
Clever Popkins. "I'opkins is s
clever fMlow." "What has he done
now?" "He's put a spring gun in hia
back yard, a burglar alarm at every win
dow, an electric mat at eji h door, and a
bulldog ;r, the kitchen. It cost money,
but he fccomplished the purpose he
c'med a." "What was 'hat?" "He's
got the hired girl so scared that she's
afraid t.i stay out late at night,"
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
A SHEPHERD BIRD.
Takamlk 1 an Good aa a Dos foi
Caring for a Flock.
The natives of Yenezuela and adjoin
ing countries on the north side of the
liver Amazon often avail themselves of
the services of a native crnne to care for
their poultry, and also, iu the place of
collies, or shepherd dogs, used by North
Americins and Euro'ieant, to guard
and herd their domestic animals.
This remarkable bird, which the In
dians cad yakamik and ornithologists
Psophia crepitans is found in a wild
Ftate in the great forests that lie be-
tween the northern coasts of South
America and the Amazon river, par-
I ticularly in Yenezuela and British Gui
j ona. The birds never le ire the forests
unless shot or captured. They travel
about in flocks of from 100 to 200, in)
search cf berries, fruits and insects,
upon w hich' they subsist. Their usual
gait is r. slow and stately march, bufl
"hey enliven themselves from time to
time by leaping up into the air, execut
ing eccentric and fantastic waltzes, and
striking the most absurd and prepos
terous attitudes. If pursued they en
deavor to save themselves by running,
for their flight is so weak, according to
Schombourgk, that when they attempt
to fly over a body of water of any con
siderable width they" are often obliged
to drop upen it and save .hemselves by
swimming. When alarmid they utter
the peculiar cry which has obtained for
them their name of trumpeters. The
sound is sometimes like that produced
by a person endeavoring to shout the
syllables "tow, tow, tow, tow, tow,"
tow," with his month shut, or the dole
ful noise made by children on Xew
Year's with their trnmpets. The yak
cmiks usually deposit their eggs in a
hollow in the ground, often at the foot
of a tree.
A nest generally contains ten eggs
f.f a pals green color. The young birds
follow their mothers as soon as they
are hatched, but do not lose their pretty
downy civering until sevcal weeks old.
The yakmiiks are very readily tamed,
nnd prove valuable servants to the In
dians, who domesticate them, and as
hey are courageous and will protect an
imals entrusted to their care at every
risk to themselves, even dogs are
obliged tc. yield to their authority. They
may be trusted with the care of a flock
of sheep or doniesticnted fowls, and
every morning will drive "he ducks and
poultry 1o their feeding places, and,
carefully collecting ary stragglers,
I ring them safely home at night. A
yakamik soon learns to know and to
obey the voice of its master, follow him,
when permitted, wherever he goes, and
appears delighted at receiving his ca
resses. It repines at his absence and
welcomes his return, ant: is extremely
jealous of any rival. Should any dog
or cat approach, it flies st it with ut
post fury, and. attacking it with wingf
and beak, drives it away.
It presents itself regularly during
laeals, from which it cha.ies all domesti
cated animals, and even the negroes
who wait on the table, if it ". not well ac
quainted with them; and only asks for
a share of the eatables after it has
driven away all who might aspire to a
favorable notice from the family. It
appreciates favors in the same propor
t on as it is jealous of sharing them
with others, and manifests joy and af
lection iv the most extravagant capers
and gesticulations. When the an
imals of which it has charge are shut np
for the night, the yakamik roosts upon
some shed or tree near at hand to be
leady to take its place as keeper as soon
as they ere set out in the morning. One
quality that makes it valuable is its
sense of location, which is perfect; how
ever far it may wander with the flocks
or herds it guards, it nevpr fails to find
its way nome at night, driving before it
ell the creatures intrusted to its care.
It is strange that several species ol
South American birds of different gen
era should share with the yakamik it
instinct of guarding and ;aking care oi
domestic animals. One of these is the
crested screamer (Dicholophus srista
tus), another the horned cnauna (Chau
na chavaria), which is olten domesti
cated as a poultry keeper by the natives
Popular Science News.
Why He Was Chonen.
Papa So, Pobby, you're the president
af your bicycle club. That's very nice.
How did they happen to choose you T
Bfbby Well, you see, papa, I'm th.
only boy that's got a bicycle. Haxper't