Newspaper Page Text
DUN'S COMMERCIAL REPORT. I
em SrrprUlnic Figures for the Month of
April HpecalmtiT BadiM la Small
The Volume of LsiUmat Tfmde Bhowa
Wo Corresponding- Decreaso-Crop Proa
peeta a tittle Better-Cotton, Wool and
W "T - -
-sew iork, May 8. R. G. Dun &
vo.8 weekly review of trade to-day
Nearly all will be astonished to learn
the actual ale in April by leading
uuuscs m caca line ol business in the
principal cities east , of the. Rocky
uiuuumms average only about 10 per
cent less than in April. 1892. the Tear
of the largest business hitherto, and
were .l per cent more than in the
same month last year. Yet this is the
summary of 357 reports, each cover
ing actual sales of leading mer
chants in a line of business in each
of 14 cities. They are especially en
couraging in view of the gTeat fall of
prices wunin we live years and with
exceptional floods and other retarding
luuueuces mis year.
While speculative business in nearly
all lines is small and does not swell
cl earinfhouse returns as in previous
years, the volume of legitimate trade
shows no corresponding' decrease and
the fact is one of the highest import
ance in all business calculations.
Moreover, returns of failures for April
by branches ol business, given only
by the mercantile agency, show
decrease in number, amount and aver
age of liabilities in almost every branch
of trade and in nearly all branches
of manufacture except cottorualthough
failures of five New Bedford mills for
$7,9!0,734 make' the total defaulted lia
bilities for the month 40 per cent
larger than last year, CO per cent
larger than in 1895 and 33 per cent
larger than 1894. The value of reports
tracing failure to particular lines ol
business is impressively illustrated.
Crop prospects are a little better foi
cotton, because of the passing ol
floods and the increase of acreage else
where, and for spring wheat because
the customary accounts of injury to
winter wheat begin to appear and stim
ulate larger sowing of spring wheat as
usual. Western receipts continue larger
than last year, 2,348.605 bushels, against
2.208,972 and Atlantic exports also
increase, amounting to 1,498,167 bush
els, flour included,against 1,040,167 last
year. The week s exports of corn, 2,
725,043 bushels, are smaller than in
other recent weeks. The wheat mar
ket declined two cents until Tuesday,
and then rose 1 cents. Liverpool
speculations, lifted cotton to 7.75, but
it has lost a sixteenth, and the con
sumption in manufacture does not ap
pear to be increasing.
The demand for cotton goods has not
met expectations and neither the pro
longed curtailment of production by
many mills, the large distribution ol
goods since November, nor the great
auction sale. has yet sufficed to reduce
the surplus of goods. Print cloths are
again lower at 2:44, the lowest point
ever reached in previous years, and
though some kinds of goods have found
sufficient demand to advance prices a
little, the expectation of better prices
and larger occupation in future still
seems to push the mills to exceed pres
The same is true of wool manufacture
in many branches, for orders and sales
thus far do not call for as large produc
tion as appears, though it is yel
much below the maximum, but the in
creasing demand has been encouraging.
Sales of wool at prices firm but no
longer rising, fall much below recenl
records, indicating that speculator!
are growing less sure of early profit!
in view of enormous supplies on hand
At the three chief markets they wen
8,025,200 pounds, of which 5,744,601
were foreign and in five weeks the
sales have been 49,737,850 pounds,
against 2H,327,100 in the same weeks
of 1892, when the mills were well em
The anticipation of better prices and
great increase in demand pushed pro
duction so far in iron and steel manu
facture that four furnaces in eastern
Pennsylvania and others in the Pitts
burgh region and Ohio have stopped.
Bessemer pig at Pittsburgh has de
clined to $9.40 and gray forge to $3.40:
pressure to sell billets lowers them tc
S14, tank steel plates have sold be
low one cent, per centand common ban
at 90 cents per 100 pounds
with black sheets in light demand
at 81.80 for No. 27. Yet the 8 true to re
works are well employed on old order
with others coming in of 20,000 tons
for the Montreal bridge and others at
the east and at Chicago. The rail
works are all bnsy on orders taken
months ago though there are efforts to
revive the pooL One contract for 10,
000 tons steel plates is reported, and
some of the tin plate works are sold
ahead for the year.
The visible supply of tin ha 8 in
creased 3,000 tons in April, and the
price is a shade lower at SL3.3.X. 1 he
heavy sales of lake copper are believed
to cover some large consumers for most
of the vear.
Failures for the week have been 33
in the United States, against 238 last
year, and 36 in Canada, against 24 lasl
May bo Next Governor of Alnnfra.
Port Towsskxd, Wash., May 8.
Private advices from Washington indi
cate that C. S. Johnson, of Alaska, will
be the next governor of the district
He was sent from Nebraska to Alaska
during Harrison's administration to fill
the position of United States attorney
to- Alaska, and is very popular.
THE FARMING WORLD.
acieace That In Sot an Well Under.
too an It Shonld Be.
Irrigation is being adopted by the suc
cessful gardeners and small-fruit grow
ers throughout the world. The fact
that water can be applied to fruits and
vegetables at any time required
enough argument to convince anyone
or the value at irrigation. Thorough
tests in the rain belt regions have dem
onstrated that irrigation makes better
Savored products and more than doubles
the yield.- In this sense the application
of moisture by the hand of man has be
come a science. Although practiced
xor the past - 6,000 years, and
necessity in the production of crops
in two-thirds of the world, irrigation
is but little understood by many of the
best farmers and gardeners in the
United States. The science dispels
droughts, and makes crops annual suc
cesses. At best, the rain dependence
- -rm rlint.
(ftfji 7-tiW. 7
is only an uucertain substitute for in
dependent soil moisture by irrigation,
The sources of artificial water supply
are so numerous that there is no ne
cessity for any section of the country
suffering- from a lack of rainfall. Bun
ning streams can be tapped by con
structing gravity canals; springs may
be easily developed, and their waters
rtilized; wells and cisterns can be
pumped of their supply by windmills
and other lifting devices. When once
acquired, a water-right is worth more
than the land it irrigates, even in the
sections where rainfall moisture is
depended upon for soil food. Gardens
and small-fruit orchards and vineyards
are especially benefited by irrigation.
even though there is an abundance of
rain for general field crops. The scien
tific application of water at the exact
time needed solves - the long-mooted
problem of whether or not the garden
pays for any except the professional
market feeder. Many abandoned farms
in the east could be reclaimed and made
to pay as well as desert lands are re
deemed in the west and converted into
earthly homes of paradise.
Several systems of irrigation are prac
ticed, but probably the most general
method is the furrow plan. This con
sists in a main canal, which carries the
water to the head, or highest point of
the land, where it is divided into smaller
laterals and conveyed by them to the
furrows. These small furrows lead the
water along near the roots of the trees
or plants, and after passing through
the entire lot, empties into a waste
ditch, which carries it into a creek or
other stream, to be used again by the
farmers below. The time occupied in
irrigating a given era depends upon the
kind of crop and nature of the sou.
In ordinary garden soil containing
much manure and little clay a small
stream may run from one hour to three
times that long on a row eight to twelve
rods in length. In most sections it is
advisable to make irrigating furrows
not more than 20 rods in length, as the
ends next the ditch, or main canal, get
too much water from soaking while the
stream is finding its way to the lower
end of the furrows. Joel Shomaker
in Farm and Fireside.
ORCHARD AND GARDEN.
adapted to the
DUO D'AUMALE DEAD.
II Succumbed to Shock on Hearing- of th
Death of the Dacheaa D'Aiencon.
Pa bis. May .8 The due d'AumJ
died yesterday at Zucco, Sicily, of the
shock experienced upon hearing of the
death of the duchess d'Aiencon. The
immediate cause of death was cardiac
The relationship of the duchesse
d'Aiencon and the due d'Aumale vat
that of nncle and niece by marriage,
the due d'Aiencon having been the seo
son of the due d'Nemoura, brothel
of Urt doc d'Aumale.
New land is best
growth of berries.
Fruit trees or plants will not take
care of themselves.
Annual pruning largely avoids the
necessity for removing large limbs.
Grapes thrive best in well-cultivated
and well-drained land.
No fruit repays judicious pruning and
trimming better than the pear.
Make quality rather than quantity
the principal aim.
Having the orchard trimmed up keeps
the trees bearing well.
Cherry trees must be grafted early
if good results arc expected.
Choose young, thrifty trees, witb
good roots and straight, clean tops.
All trees that have roots or topi
bruised or mangled should be dis
In setting out a tree, save some ol
the top soil, especially to put around the
Mulching prevents the early flow ol
sap by preventing the ground fron
w arming up too soon.
Nectarines and apricots can be
grown anywhere that the peach or
prune will thrive well.
Either red clover alone or clover and
orchard grass is best to be used in seed
ing down the orchard.
Do the grafting before the buds swell
The stock aiid scion must unite before
the buds need the stored-up nourish
ment. It is better for the trees while thej
are growing to raise noed crops among
them, so the trees will get the benefit of
the cultivation. St Louis Bepublic
Saw Their Introductions Would Atm
feet the Making: of Road.
At a recent meeting of the Mastachu
tetts Highway association the discus
lion took an interesting and somewhat
novel turn. The particular topic under
consideration was the demands of horse
less carriages on the highways of the
Prof. T. C. Mendenhall, the chairman
of the highway commission of the state,
teems to have expressed the common
opinion when he said: "If you are build
ing roads to be nsed by power wagons
and 1 think we are coming to that
you must build them entirely different,
in some respects, from those cn which
horses now run." Gen. Boy Stone, di-rector-of
the office of road inquiry at
Washington, is more specific in his pre
dictions. In a paper quoted at the same
meeting he says: "Undoubtedly, the
wearing surfaces of stone or asphalt
will be replaced by flat steel rails, suit
ed to all vehicles and laid level with the
roadway, so that wheels will pass onto
or oit them with slight difficulty. 1
These great highways will connect all
the large cities, and will be crowded
with vehicles of kinds now seen only
in exhibition or on trial trips."
Such forecasts are an illustration of
the modern habit of discounting the ad
vance of science. As yet, horseless car
nages have hardly passed the experi
mental stage in America. Neverthe
less, here is a body of practical stu
dents of the road question planning for
the time when they shall be in common
use. Such planning, however, should
not neglect the claims of the bicycle,
which are not likely to be soon with
drawn in favor of any sort of three
wheeled or four-wheeled traveling ma
chine. As to the claims of the horse.
little need be said. The modern world
seems to be taking the position that he
has no claims which any traveler is
bound to respect Youth's Companion.
STRAINING THE MILK.
fto Task In the Dairy Needs to lie
Done More Carefully.
No work on the farm should be more
carefully done than the straining of
milk. A strainer made with a wire
screen, though often used, is very im
perfect and should be discarded. The
writer has found the strainer illustrated
herewith simple, cheap and perfect in
its work. A is simply a large funnel.
the upper part of which is a hoop six or
AN EXCELLENT STRAINER.
eight inches deep, with the top of the
hoop a little larger than the bottom.
Fig. b is a tin hoop similar in stiape but
a trine smaller than toe hoop which
forms the top of the funnel. When I
wish to use the strainer I place a piece
of muslin IS inches square over the top
of the funnel (a) and the hoop (b) is put
on top of the cloth, which is pushed
down inside the top of the funnel. A
perfect strainer with a cloth bottom is
thus obtained. The bottom of the fun
nel is made to fit the top of my milk
cans. When ready to milk, the strainer
is placed in the top of the can and taken
to the barn, and as soon as a cow it
milked the milk is poured into the fun
nel, strained at once and all dust per
fectly excluded. As the top of the
strainer holds several quarts, a pail of
milk can be emptied at once and no time
lost by slow pouring. Samuel S. Reed,
in Orange Judd Farmer.
BOVINES THE PIONEERS.
Fighting the Tobacco Worm.
Tobacco growers are combatting the
worms by using a spray of one pound of
Paris green to 160 gallons of water.
Use a knapsack sprayer, with agitator
attachment It is not desirable to use
Paris green on the plants, the moth that
lays the eggs may be destroyed by tak
ing the bloom of the jimson weed, place
them along the tobacco rows in an up
right position and inject into each
bloom, with a small, clean can, some of
the following mixture: One pint water,
one-fourth pint honey, one ounce co
bait. It i ore death to the miller.
Oxen, and Not the Railroads, Settled
the Western Country.
It is the horse, and not the railroad.
which should be given most of the
credit of settling this western country,"
said a state senator, in discussing a
bill to regulate freight rates the other
day. He was mistaken. The most po
tent influence in settling all the west
ern empire was the ox. It alone could
stand the burden across the burning
sands, as with little food and less water
it plodded its patient way toward the
setting sun. Anyone familiar with the
earlier days can testify to this. The
trail followed by the California 49era
was literally fenced with skeletons of
ihorses, but seldom could the bones
of an ox be found.
Another thing which may not be gen
erally known, but which is, neverthe
less, a fact, is that in those days an ox
train would cross the continent in less
ime than a horse train. It was the
eld story of the turtle and the hare.
We once heard an old '49er say that
ro dog ever made the trip from the
Missouri river to California unless it
was carried in a wagon. Next to man,
the ox can go further afoot than any
thing which lives, with possibly the
exception of the camel. Next to the
ox the inula was no doubt the most en
during animal engaged in the freight
traffic on the great plains before the
iron horse made its way to the moun
tains. The mules used in the over
land work were mostly bred in Mis
souri from the best Spanish and Maltese
stock, and for generations great breed
ing establishments were kept up for
the purpose of supplying this trade.
Some day the mule family will have
a monument in this country. Denver
Field and Perm.
Btatb of Obio, Citt o Toxxdo, I
Lucas Cochtt. l
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he is the
senior partner of the nrm ol r.J. 1 henry
k Co., doing business in the city of Toledo.
County and State aforesaid, and that said
firm will pay the sum of One Hundred Dei-
tar tor each ana every case ot catarrh that
cannot be cured by the use of Hall's Catarrh
Cure. FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed in my
presence, una bca day ot llecember, A. u.
IBM. A. YV . trUAtUIM,
rSeall Xofcu-r Pnblu
' Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and
acts directly on the blood and mucous nr-
l.-tces ot the system, bend tor testimonials,
tree. . i . cntJ , I Toledo, U.
Sold by druggists, 75c
Hall's Family Pills are the bast
The Old-Fashioned Way. "What was
yer daddy lickin' you for?'' asked the half
grown boy. The other half-grown boy an
swered: "0, he was jist provin' to me that
me wnaie really did mailer Joner. In
The Coat Wan Enormous.
No system of road building has ever
been devised which for durability and
smoothness approaches that of the Ro
mans, but the cost was, of course,
enormous, and large armies of men
were employed. Some of the Roman
roads are still in good condition, after
a lapse of 15 centuries, during which
most o. them have had few, if any, repairs.
The Lowest Rates Ever Made to a:
Exposition In This Country.
The Exposition in commemoration of the
hundredth anniversary of the admission of
Tennessee into the Union is not a local af
fair by any means. It far surpasses in ex
tent of buildings, beauty of grounds, inter
esting exhibits and number of both foreign
and home attractions any exhibition ever
neia in una country, with the possible ex
ception of the Columbian of 1893. Located
as it is on the main line of the Louisville &.
Nashville Railroad it is in the direct line
ot travel between the Ivorth and the South,
and can be visited en route with loss of but
little time. The extremely low rates that
have been established make it cheaper to go
a little out of your way, even, to take in
this great show, while its own attractions
will well repay a special visit. Write Mr.
C. P. Atmore, Gen'l Pass. Agent Louis
ville, Ky., for matter concerning it
Boys who are always waiting for the high
est wages are generally out of a job. Wash
The pain of sciatica is cruel. The cure
by St Jacobs Oil is sure. It penetrates.
Anything first-class is hard to equal.
Ko-To-Dae for Fifty Cents.
Over 400,000 cured. Why not let No-To-Bae
regulate or remove your desire tor tobacco?
Saves money, makes health and manhood.
Cure guaranteed. 50c and $1.00, all druggists.
A real trifling man is always weighing
himself. Washington Democrat.
After phvsicians had given me up, I was
saved by Piso's Cure. Ralph Erieg, Wil
liamsport, Pa., Nov. 22, 1893.
People kick when a show is too long and
also when it is too short. Washington Democrat.
Years of rheumatism have ended with
cure by St. Jacobs Oil. Cures promptly.
A pair of scissors is always lost. Atchison
When bilious or costive eat a Cascaret,
candy cathartic, cure guaranteed. 10c, 25c.
A good laugh is like sunshine to the soul.
S25 da 480
N York. May 10. 189T.
CATTLE Native Steers. I 4 25 t 4 H
PLOUK Winter Wheat
WHEAT No. S Red.
COKN No. 2
OATS No. S
POKK New Mess
COTTON Middling .
lit. t V Jts steers.
Cows aud Heifers ..
HOGS Fair to Select
S UK ISP l-'air to Choice
Fancv to Extra do. ..
WHEAT No. Ked Winter...
COKN No. 2 Mixed
BYE NO. 2
TOBACCO LUfW SOI O ID)
Ueu Hurler. 4SU kc II 60
HAY Clear Timothy .. V 0U & 12 60
BUTTEIl Choice Dairy.. 9 (is 12
EUCJS Frexh kb
pokk standard (new) ..
BACON Clear Kib
CATTLE Natl ve Steers.
HOOS Fair to Choice.
SHEEP Fair to Choice..
8 75 lit t 50
S25 & 525
2 75 49 4 OH
4 00 to 6
3 65 & 3 95
8 25 fe 4 16
465 4 80
375 & 445
V4 6 Ml
a t oo
S 75 (9 5 25
8 50 & 4 00
FLOUR Winter Patents 4 -to & 4 70
spring patents I sw 49 4 oo
WHEAT Na 2 Spring. 4s 71 it
No. 2 Ked 9Wb W
CORN No. 2 24 24H
OATS No. 2 17 I7J4
POKK Miss (new) suo 4 e K .
CATTLE Shipping Steers.... S 25 ft 5 03
nous ah oraues s 4U 49 t,
WHEAT No. S Ked & K
OATS No. 2 White 4 a1
CORN No. 2 21 4ft
FLOCR-HiehUrade. 4 43 a 4 85
CORN No. 2 37
OATS Western 25 25
HAY Choice 10 W 49 IB 50
PORK New Mess. & 8 75
BACON Sides 49
WHEAT No. 2 Red
CORN No, 2 Mixed
OATS No. 2 Mixed.
PORK New Men 9 25 49 9 75
ejaiiii-H'H" i-iiiiiiiiuiid The eaeen tic full
of dVatlm from
Cwin-,111'1. iiiiiiiiiiiM Of course
the heart faik to act
when a man dies,
J but " Heart Failure," to called, nine
S times out of tea is caused by Uric
Add in the blood which the Kidnryi
fail to remove, and which corrodes
the heart until it becomes unable to
2 perform its functions
Health Officers is many cities very
properly refuse to accept " Heart Fail-
l ure," a a came of death. It b frc-
quentiy a sign ce ignorance in the
pliyiiclan, or may be given to cover
op the real
A Medicine with 20 Yean of
Sm'tif n brhind it
wlS remove the poiaaQoui Uric Add
fey patting the Kidney m a heahiry
condition to that they wiQ nattsaSy
0j P Xfc
THREE HAPPY WOMEN.-
Each Relieved of Periodic Pain 'and Back
ache. A Trio of Fervent lttr-
thrown into my
T thpn tmt fifflnA
ponnd and Liver i
feel like a newV
oi me pasw x O,
for what it has
- Before juhtg Lydla E. Pintiama Veetabi
Compound, my health was gradually being under'
taioeo. x snuerea untold agony from painiml
menstruation, backache, pain on top of my
head and orarian trouble. I concluded to
try Mrs. Pinkham's Compound, and found
that it was all any woman needs who suffers)
with painful monthly periods. It entirely
cured me. Mks. doners' Wass,
823 Bank St., Cincinnati, X ;
Tn a -a T L.J ta.rAH.J t
struation every month. At the beginning of
menstruation it was impossible for me to
for more than flye minutes;-1 felt so mis
day a little book of Mrs. Pinkham's waav
bouse, and I sat right down and read it.
of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
Pills. I can heartily say that to-day I
woman; my monthly suffering is a thing-
shall always praise the Vegetable Compound
done for me.
Mrs. Maboaset Ajtderson, 363 Lisbon St, Lewis ton, Me.
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound has cured me of painful men
struation and backache. The pain in my back was dreadful, and the agony
I suffered during menstruation nearly drove me wild.
Now this is all over, thanks to Mrs. Pinkham's medicine and advice. Msa.
Carrie V. Williams, South Mills, K. C
The great volume of testimony proves conclusively that Lydia E. Pinkham'at
Vegetable Compound is a safe, sure and almost infallible remedy in eases of
irregularity, suppressed, excessive or painful monthly periods.
SCHUH'S HOME-MADE PILLS
A VJV itf V Ul a ftJ WfllllHillrt
MATTER fro a, th tomach. O.S'E DOSE will de mm rood tim
doM bo csliad Lull Linr Pills. For uJ by all drturziua. Writ
fertrMMUspisM HCHIH 1IKIU CO.. CaUro, 111.
IS STAMPED ON
OF SHOES YOU BUY.
IT IS A I-OftlTIVE STASAXTEI
Ask Your Dealer for Them.
JUl-UUOI UTTi M
A-head of Pearline ?
Never! Not a bit of it! That is
out of the question. Probably not
one of the many washing-powders
that have been made to imitate
Pearline would claim to excel it
in any way. All they ask is to be
considered "the same as or "as-
good as" Pearline. But they're
not even that Pearline is to
day, just as it has been from the
first, the best thiner in the world
for every kind of washing and cleaning.
!5 50 WSiTT- Tin DRUGGISTS i
pwsaaMOKiMmt. . (stebli-jh bkiedi Vlfc, CTleam. Sontrmu caa.. rK.w lark. ut.t
EVERY SHOE STAMPED
MEN. WOMEN and CHUDEEM.
S" Ask Your Dealer for Them.
The pine knot the tallow
i candle the oil lamp gas
tbese are stages in the evo
lution of tBummatioa. which,
today finds its hi ghat expo
nent in tne electric ngnt.
Similar and no less striking has been the evolution of grain sad
grass cutting machinery. Ia 1831 the scythe and the cradle were superseded by
the McCormick Reaper. The intervening years have seen many improvements,
tnral now we have that model Harvester and Binder, the McCormick Right
Hand Open Elevator, and that veritable electric Hght of mowerdom, the
New 4. It is not only the handsomest mower ever built, but it is, in every
tense of the word, the best and if your experience has taught yon anything,
it is that then" i BOtAIag cheaper tha the best
McCormick Harvesting Machine Compartj Chicago
Tfcr Llirhl-Ronnlnr McCormick Oprm Etermtor Htrmter,
The Ught-Ranmng McCormick New 4 Steel Mower,
The Lirht-RnnninK McCormick Vertical Cora Blades- and
TateLigkt-RuniuBK McCorauck Daisy K caper tor sale ererywber.
MiiuS Jul Ei&f )U1
ComkBim. TaMaaOood. TJaa 1
la tin. Bold sr AracriiUL
IT IS THE BEST. YUCATAN.
A. H. K.-B
aastato Sua y
it la tbia
Mi mvm tmm AdrarSM