Newspaper Page Text
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FRENCH REPAIR SYSTEM.
Itoad Work la Thoroughly System,
timed and Carried On tnder
Before MacAdam'g time it Kai
tLought tecessary to construct stone
roads with a foundation of large stones;
the small, broken stone was then spread
ever them, and traffic was depended on
to consolidate them into a smooth and
bard roadway. Moreover, in France
v.pright, protruding stones were placed
at the edges of the foundation. In order
to enclose the smaller stone. These
roads were often two feet deep and yet
they wore badly into ruts. When the,
holes were filled, travel avoided the re-i
paired spots and new ruts were formed.
MacAciaru did away with the large
stcne foundation, and showed that
small material, properly laid and com
pacted, would distribute the pressure
equally on the real road beneath and
also serve to effectually shed the water
which fell upon it. The new tystem
was economical and simple, but had
what seemed at first to be one draw
back the roads required constant
watching and frequent repairs. This,
fcowever, is regarded as really a bless
ing, as the construction of the roads
makcslt easy to keep them in condition.
In Trance this work is thoroughly sys
tematized and is carried on very ef
fectively. The system, a described by
the Paris correspondent of the Brook
lyn Eagle, is as follows:
A chief engineer is at the head ol
ach department, and he has several as
listant engineers, each in charge of a
subdivision called an arrondissement.
All the roads in these arrondissereents
ere visited and examined by them at
l"tst quarterly, and oftener if necessa
ry. These engineers in turn have lieu
tf nants. calicd conductors, who oversee
certain lengths of road which they must
look over in detail at least semimonth
ly. Under the conductors come the
antonniers who do the manual iabor,
each one caring for a "canton." or
stretch about two rui'es long. Five or
PS? , S3
' -JZ h'k i&ff
A MARTLAXD 8AJCD ROAD.
six cantons are grouped together and
their car.tonniers form a brigade, on
of whom is made chief, and has a short
er stretch to care for in order that he
may oversee the others. If a piece ot
road absolutely requires it, one or more
laborers, called auxiliaries, are given
a cantonnier to aid him.
Besides overseeing their roads the
conductors give all orders to the chief
cantonniers, examine their work and
report on their conduct and makf. writ
ten reports to the engineers twice each
month. They keep the accounts of
tlitir divisions and report on petitions
or new projects. They are obliged to
do all their traveling on foot, examine
Into the smallest details and give the
necessary explanations and directions
to the cantonniers.
The canton of the chief cantonnier
must be the best kept of the brigade,
in order to show his superiority over
the other men. These men are nomi
rated by the prefect of the department
According to certain conditions: They
must be between 21 and 40 years old;
suffer from no infirmity that inter
feres with daily labor; have previous
experience in work shops appertain-ii.g-
to their work or have worked on
the roads in some capacity; possess s
certificate of good conduct and be able
to read and write.
The cantonniers must remain on tlx
roads from sunrise to sundown in win
ter, and from five a. m. to seven p. m. ir?
summer. They are allowed to build
shelters or have movable shelters in
which they can seek refuge during
norms, but they cannot absent them
selves from the roads. Each one has
an account book and a register and
li? eps a daily account of his work and
the time occupied in each task. At the
end of each month the conductor
recapitulates the account and sends it
to the engineer.
In this way the roads are never with
out the most careful attention, and ex
pensive and annoying repairs are ren
Stockmen Are Prosperous.
It is said that, although preparing
for feeding in the approaching winter
on as extensive a scale as the available
supplies of stock cattle will admit,
western feeders are borrowing much
less money than usual for that pur
pose. This is explained by saying that
they do not find borrowing as whole
ale a necessity as for some years past
-in short, that things are coming to
ward the farmer of the wesi in a way
that makes him a most cheerful man.
He is certainly to be heartily congrat
ulated upon such improvement in Lis
affairs as the circumstance mentioned
.would indicate, National Stockman.
Hew to PreTeat the Kllllaa; ot Ber.
ies of All Klads and Crapea
by Severe Weather.
Some of the best varieties of black-,
berries, raspberries and grapes are
killed by severe winter weather and
do not do well oorth of the latitude of
St- Louis. These may be saved by lay
ing them down and giving them a little
protection from the cold weather.
This is often neglected because it is
bought to be a slow and hard job to dc,
but such is not the case. In half a day
a man and boy can lay down a .arge.
patch of berry bushes and do it well.
The directions for doing this will apply
to grapevines and peach trees, the lay
jug down of peach trees requiring a lit
tle mort care and time. Begin at the
south end of the row of bushes and
with a spade take out a good spadeful
of soil from the south side of the bush.
Then press the bush over toward the
south by pressing it with the foot close
to the ground. When the top is lying
cn the ground put the soil dugout on
the tops to hold them in position, am!
proceed by treating the next bush in
the same way. laying the top of 5t on
the base of the bush first pressed down.
Continue this until the whole patch is
laid down in rows, the top of one tush
resting on the roots of its neighbor to
the south. When freezing westher
comes not before cover the bushes
laid down with cornstalks thrown on
in a hit-and-miss manner, so the snow
will drift in among them, and the whole
will keep safely until spring, when the
covering may be removed from the
; tushes and left on the ground as a
Bosebushes and tender shrubbery of
all kinds mav be laid down in a similar
way and kept perfectly through the
fceverest winters. Farmers Yoica.
EFFECT OF SILAGE.
It Improves the Qua-.ty of Milk and
Uotter Kathrr Than De
tracting from It.
Bepeated experiments have shown
that no fear is to be entertained as to
the effect of ensilage on the quality of
milk. Some of the most progressive
dairymen in the country feed it. even
those that are shipping milk at fancy
prices to thousands of customers. Good
silage fed properly is bound to improve
the quality of t milk and butter
rather than detrart from it. If the
Eilage is kept in the barn with the cows,
and parts of the silage refuse allowed to
pile up and rot in the corners of the
cow stable till it becomes a fetid mass,
then very likely the milk will be affect
ed, for it is believed that the odors of
such masses will readily impart them
selves to the milk. This is denied, we
know, by those who assert that milk
will not take in odors when in the
warm state, but we are suspicious of
that kind of reasoning. One dairyman
sev6 that he began the feeding of silage
with a good deal of fear, but after he
had fed for some time his commission
man wrote to him that his butter was
the best in quality that it had ever been
at that time of year. As the seller of
the butter knew nothing about the
silage being fed, the letter was taken
as a proof that silage, rightly fed. im
proves rather than detracts from the
quality of the butter. Similar incidents
are constantly coming to light, and this
is only part proof that silage is one of
the best friends of the dairyman.
JUST A30DT DIAMONDS.
There is no doubt that there are more
diamonds in New York city than in uy
other metropolis in the world.
To-day there are about 400 diamond
cutters in New York and Brooklyn and
Amsterdam is an autocrat of the past.
Hollanders and Belgians do the work,
tut American apprentices are fast
Not more than ten years ago Amster
dam was the only place in the world
where diamonds cculd be cut and pre
pared for market and a stone was not
considered a diamond unless an Am
sterdam merchant had fingered it
It is said the famous Kohinoor and
other stents as noted lost many carats
through the clumsiness of the Amster
dam cutters. Through some means
most of the historical diamonds owned
by kings and rajahs to-day have lost
cne-half their value through poor cut
ting in the past.
The first diamond a girl gets is usual
ly her engagement ring and she is no
vainer of it than is a man when he first
adorns his shirt front or his finger with
a bit of sparkle. They are both self
cor.scious and eager to take advantage
of any opportunity to show their new
Diamond cutters are divided into
three classes the cleaveTS. who split
ihe stone in the rough into proper
i hape: the shapers. who. with machines
arid diamond c:ut. work the stone into
the most beautiful shape they can. and
the polishers, who give the gem the
luster that dazzles.
Xearly all the diamonds to-day come
from the South African fields and Cecil
Khodes practically controls the entire
c-utput. The rou-rh dir.mor.ds go to Lon
don to a syndicate which makes prices
for the whole world and the business is
down to such a fine point that the
wholesa'ers do net make more than ten
per cer.t. profit.
NEW DESIGNS IN JEWELRY.
A pretty pin is an imitation sea shell
with a small jienrl in the center.
Gun me::il has taken a firm hold or.
fashior.ab'e society. A chatelaine witn
all tlie trinkets of the metal is very
A novelty in silver is a pitcher of sil
ver, gilt, with a lining of dull green
glass. The side of the pitcher is broken,
allowing the glass to show.
Medallion pins are becoming popular.
They are ornamented with birds, flags
and initials made of the linest Mexican
A pretty addition to a lady's writing
table is a combination of an alcohol
lamp and a silver ladle from which seal
ing wax is poured after it has been
An artistic piece of work is a lace pin.
made of mother-of-pearl, carved to rep
resent a grotto, un angel protecting the
entrance. The whole is surrounded
with diamonds and emeralds. Jewel
The 'American Boy" Battleship,
Every patriotic American hopes the school
hoys of the United States will succeed in
their efforts to raise $3,uuu,u, which will be
nsed in building a batUcship to be called the
"American Bov." It costs great sums of
money to build a warship, but you build up
rour health with Hosteiter's Stomach Bit
ters at small expense. This remedy is an ap
petizer, tonic, blood purifier and stimulant.
It is for stomach, liver and bowel disorders.
"Now," said the interviewer, "as to your
method of working?"
"Well," replied the great author, "I take
a writing pad"
"And a pencil"
"Seek out a quiet spot grasp the pad
firmly in one hani and the pencil in the
other hand and "
"And write." Philadelphia North American.
Go Sooth 'this Winter.
For the present winter season the Louis
ville & Nashville llailread Company has
improved its already nearly penect through
service of Pullman Vestibuled Sleeping
Cars and ele-jant day coaches from Cincin
nati, Louisville. St. Louis and Chicago, to
Mobile, New Orleans and the Guii Coast,
1 homasville. (ia.. Pensacoia, Jacksonville.
Tampa, Palm Bea?h and other points in
Florida. Perfect connection will be made
with steamer lines for Cuba, Porto Kico,
Nassau and West Indian ports. Tourist
and Home-Seekers excursion tickets on sale
at iow rates. Write C. P. Atmore, General
Passenger Apent, Louisville, Ky., for par-tuuiars.
"I didn't see the widow at the funeral."
"No: htr gown tilted so badly that she
couldn't restrain her grief enough to be
Forget it? Toothache won't let you.
Don't iorgtt St. Jacobs Uil will cure.
"Dear me." thought the new fence, "I
must get a new gait on nic." Golden Days.
To Onre a Told In One Day
Take I-ajcative rromo Quinine Tablets.. All
druggists refund munev if it fa. Is to cure. 25c.
Our enemies point out our faults, else we
Ciiiiiit never improve suiikicn:ly to retain
cur friends. L. A. V.". Bulletin.
Peep down to the pain tpot. St. Jacobs
Od roots out Sciatica.
The hardest work is trring to keep out of
work. Wa-ripcfm (Ii i lVmccr.it.
GROWTH OF FINGER NAILS.
MILK PAIL COVER &
On the Island of Jersey They Are Lsea.
on Every Well-Conducted
On the isle of Jersey, it is said, they
cover the milk pail with muslin and
milk into it. To hold the cloth in place
they cut a piece of spring steel a little
smaller than the top of the pail. A
piece of the cloth is cut to be larger
than the pail top and the edge is
hemmed over the steel, and this is
placed over the top of the pail, the steel
holding it in place. To get the cloth
the right size, pass the cloth over the
pail and fasten it in place with the
spring; then mark where the spring
comes, fold up the hem just there and
run the spring through it. A similar
arrangement, used by a Virginia dairy
iaan, was made of a ring of telegraph
wire, cut to be an inch smaller than the
top of the pail and bent so the ends would
almost meet. A circle of cloth an inch
larger all around than the ring, so there
should be a little sag. had a hem about
the edge, through which the wire was
run. This was placed just within the
rim of the pail and milked into. One
of these was counted as part of each
milk paiL The filth gathered upon it
was proof of the need of it, but. while
a gain over the open milk pail, it is not
as good as the other, which protects
the entire top. even to the place of pour
ing out. Troy (N. Y.) Times.
In one particular the growth of the
nails and hair and beard are governed
by the same law that of growing mora
rapidly in summer than in winter.
fnmmrinir the same finrers on th
different hands, it will be found that j
the nails on the left hand fingers re
quire about 60 days longer to renew
than those of the right hand.
The finger nails of the human specie!
grow more rapidly in children than in
adults, and the growth is slowest with
the aged. Both in childhood and age
they grow faster in summer than in
winter. In one instance a nail that re
quired 132 days to renew in winter, re
newed in summer iu exactly 116 days.
One peculiarity of the growth of lin
ger nails is that the period of renewal
differs proportionately with the length
rf tlx. finrprs. Thus it is more ranid :t.
the middle lingers than any other. In
I the fingers on either side of the middle
finger the period of renewal is about
equal and slower. It is even more slow
in the little finger, and is the slowest of
all in the thumb.
FOR THOSE WHO TRAVEL.
NVw York. ?
CATTLE Native Steers...
FI.cU'H Winter Wheat....
WllKAT-N... -J. It. J
.TS N. -
"n s i.r.'l Heifers.
CALVES ier l-.'i
H' ;S h -lir t. Sel-et
SHEEP Fair to Choice
ELcil ."It I'i-.li-nts i new i
Clear and Stn'.isSit.
TVHEAT X.. 2 Re.! Winter
CORN Nu. 2 Mixe.l
A I S No. 2
RVE N . 2
HAY Clear Timothy
HI TTER Choke lfuiry
l'i):K S;ar.eur1 (new)
BAC N Clear Rib
LAKL Prime Steam
CATTLE Native Steers...
H.S Fair tr. Choice
tUKKP- F:iir to Choice....
FEOL'R Winer Patents..
WHEAT No. 2 Spring
No. 2 Red
CORN No. 2
PORK Mesa (new)
CTTLE N'Ktive Steers...
HOGS AH firades
WHEAT No. 2 Red inew.
t.TS No. i mte
CORN No. 3-
H.OT'R High GraJe 3 20 &
O iRX-N'o. 2 t!
nTS Western 33 it
HAY Choice 12
PoRK Standard Mess i
WHEAT No. 2 Rd
CORN No. 2 Mixed
.-.jTS No. 2 Mixed
PORK New Mess 8
BACON Clear Rib
4 2i .i$ 5 :r
3 at) 'i 3
. '' '3
S 5-t li 75
7." 't r lri
2 i' Ii 4 ll-1
4 &J y il 2j
i; i."v v 3 ,v.
2 :.i . . 4
:l 4-" i 3 5e
2 Il 3 3."i
27 'a 27U
3 -' 'it S 50
4 5.i : 12
$ 5i 'ii lu
IS (! 20
.... tl 15
.... 'u S (
.... 'y 4-
4 i"i 'ii :.
3 15 'ii 3 55
3 w 11 4 10
3 55 ii 3 W
4 2i 'il 4 r
.... ''J Ai
7 i) 'a 1 t5
3 ft 5 25
3 to S
V) 'a 12 50
75 i uo
l" S 25
ORCHARD AND GARDEN.
Apples are largely composed of watei
and it would astonish many to know
how many barrels of water is drawr
fiom the ground when the yield is 13 U
0 barreU to the acre.
An apple tree when full grown,
healthy and iu good shape for manu
facturing apples has from 300.000 to S00,
000 leaves which are the lungs Ol
breathing tubes of our apple trees.
The currant is a fruit of great ex
cellence and very popular with almost
everyone. The growing of this fruit ii
not overdone, yet it is about as easilj
grown and at as little expense as any
fruit placed on the markeL
We should not allow blue grass to sei
in our orchards as it consumes too much
of the water so essential for the ma
turity of perfect fruit. The root of
blue grass have been known to pene
trate the ground to the depth of 16 feet
i Western Plowman.
There are 430 employes to every ICt
miles of railroad in the United States.
Exclusive of sleeping cars, the rail
roads in the United States have 1..125,
W0 cars of all kinds and 3G.0OO locomotives.
A theatrical car is the latest in the j
way of railway novelties. Vaudeville j
shows are to be put on some of the fast j
lastern trains eariy in the spring. j
When Kaiser Wllhelm travels on Ger
man railways, adetailed bill is made out
for every engine and car used and for
the distance traversed. It is estimated
that he pays the Prussian railways
about $25,000 a year.
Bev. John.Brunton holds the unusual
position of chaplain of the Denver &
Bio Grande railroad, nisdutiesconsist
in attending to the spiritual needs of
sick or injured employes in hospitals,
rendering assistance at wrecks, and
strives to help the men employed by the
company in whatever manner seems
BEFORE THE CURTAIN.
Since 1S39 Berlin has had 450 per
formances of "Lohengrin."
Sandow, the strong man, is in train
ing to become a bass singer.
Lillie Lacgtry will not act this winter.
he has found that her racing stable
makes more money than her plays and
will devote her entire attention to it In
THE EXCELLENCE OF SYRUP OF FIGS
is due not only to the originality and
simplicity of the combination, but also
to the care and skill with which, it is
manufactured by scientific processes
known to the California Flo Stbup
Co. only, and we wish to impress upon
all the importance of purchasing the
true and original remedy. As the
genuine Syrup of Figs is manufactured
by the California Fia Srarp Co.
only, a knowledge of that fact will
assist one in avoiding the worthless
imitations manufactured by other par
ties. The high standing of the Cali
fornia Fio Syrcp Co. with the medi
cal profession, and the satisfaction
which the genuine Syrup of Figs has
given to millions of families, makes
the name of the Company a guaranty
of the excellence of its remedy. It is
far in advance of all other laxatives,
as it acts on the kidneys, liver and
bowels without irritating or weaken
ing them, and it does not gripe nor
nauseate. In order to get its beneficial
effects, please remember the name of
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
AX FRAXCISCO. CaL
LQ CIS TILLS, Kj. KEW TAKE. X.T.
flOO Reward flOO.
The readers of this paper will be pleased
to learn that there is at least one dreaded
disease that science has been able to cure in
all its stages, and that is Catarrh. Hall's
Catarrh Cure is the only positive cure
known to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
being a constitutional disease, requires a
constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh
Cure is taken internally, acting directly
upon the biood and mucous surfaces of the
system, thereby destroying the foundation
of the disease, and giving the patient
strength by building up the constitution and
assisting nature in doing its work. The
proprietors have so much faith in its cura
tive (overs that they offer One Hundred
Dollars for any ease that it fails to cure.
Send for list of testimonials.
Address F. J. Cheney 4 Co, Toledo, 0.
Sold bv Drucpsts, 75e.
Hail's Family Pills are the beat.
Young Doctor I find it hard to draw the
line between hay lever and induenza.
Old Doctor it is hard, my boy, but social
distinctions have to be made; there's no help
for iu Detroit Journal.
Christmas coming. Use St. Jacobs for
pain. Have a happy one.
The use of his tongue is not what makes
a canine a lap dog. Golden Days.
Lane's Family Medicine.
Moves the bowels each day. In order to be
heaithv this is neeessarv. Acts gently on
the liver and kidneys. Cures' sick headache.
Trice 23 and 50c.
"Why is it the mind is brighter when a
Pian is past 40?" "After that age the man
gets sense enouch not to eat too much."
Chicago Daily Kecord.
Biizzards and frost-bites. St. Jacobs Oil
and a cure in a night.
When a man has troubles he increases
them by being cross. Atchison Globe.
Piso's Cure is the medicine to break up
children's Coughs and Coids. Mrs. M. G.
Blunt, t-prague, Wash., March 8, 'W.
When a man sinjs his own praise he in
variably gets the tune too high. Chicago
COXSTILTiyG A WOMAN.
Un. Pinkham's Ad-rice Inspire
Confidence and Hope.
Examination by a male physician !s
a hard trial to a delicately organized
She puts it off as lan; as she dare,
and is only driven to it by fear ot can
cer, polypus, or some dreadful ilL
Host frequently such a woman leaves
a physician s omee
where she has un
dergone a critical
or less, of discour
tion of the
the effect of
than better. In consulting Mrs. Pink
ham no hesitation need be felt, the
story is told to a woman and is wholly
confidential. Mrs. Pinkham's address,
is Lynn, Mass., she offers sick women
her advice without charge.
Her intimate knowledge of women's
troubles makes her letter of advice a
wollspring of hope, and her wide experi
ence and skill point the way to health.
" I suffered with ovarian trouble for
seven years, and no doctor knew what
was the matter with me. I had spells
which would last for two days or more.
I thought I would try Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound. I have
taken seven bottles of it, and am en
tirely cured." Mrs. Johx Forexax, 2
K. Wood berry Ave., Baltimore, Md.
The above letter from Mrs. Foreman
is only one of thousands.
A system which
has become run down
by the trying, weather
of the bast summer
is not in a condition
to meet the severe
winter of this climate
and will easily fall a
breyto disease unless
a proper tonic is
Pills for Pale People
are the best medicine
inthe world for build
ing up and strengthen
ing an enervated
Do not confuse
these bills with ord
inary purgative pills.They do HOT act on the bowels.thereby
further weakening the body. They build up the blood and
strengthen the nerves.
Maior A. C Bishon. of ns Third Ave.. Detroit. Midi., is a well-k
civil engineer. Hesays: ''When I had my last spell of sickaeis and came
out of the hospital I was a sorry sight. I could not regain my strength,
and could not walk over block for several weeks. I noticed some articles
in the newspapers regarding Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People,
which convinced me that they were worth trying and I booght two boxes.
I did not take them for my complexion but for strength. After using them
I felt better, and know they did me worlds of good. I am pleased to
recommend them to invalids who need a tonic or to build up a shattered
constitution." Detroit Frtt Frtxu
At alt drug jiit or direct from the Dt. William HcdTr
npany, cnencctaiy;r..Yj nrice fifty ccnti
I TO LOOK ON THE BRIGHT f
SIDE OF THINGS, I
jfifioT Gun SriELift
VT-tFtv. ftMr 1 vur sfTa i a irviMt Cimm
HOLtf el ALL I IlL ITjVJrlUi JTCJU. (
ftit. Sem Naw on a PtmT&sa.
let Wmomruht. MiwNmot. Com.
It the only ror ear In the world for Omnia TJI
ran. Bus Vleen. aerwraloas Clean, Vnrl
m ITIeen, MSTae fever Sore, and all
Old Sr. It sever tails. Dnn oat all potion.
Save expenM and ftnfiertng . Cura permanent.
Best salve for A be. File, Baras, Cat
and all Frash Waaad. Br mat), imtll. 33e: large.
63c. Book free. J.r.AkLH MtDICI.11
CO.. at. Pul, BtUW. aveld by lirmgufta.
Top Snap fki II lfFISH TACKLE
CS-"ad I W I I f l XzEB'
Into J "tawlaf 1 )aWililH-fiifmiTT.
lta Cured. Write
to B. M. Woolley.
I kv Wa tar CA ftCAK ETS Ml mm
mild and effeetlT laxative thef are limply woo
derfal. Mr daughter and 1 were bothered with)
tick stomach and our breath waa very bad. After
taking a few dotes of Caeca re u we Lave improved
wonderfully. They are a great help In Ibm family.
W ILlHKLJI ISA NlGIL.
1127 RlutwQorue 8L. UnclnaaU, OfttOa.
.TIIAOt MM msimu .fr
Pleasant. Palatable. Potest. Taste Good. M
flood, Never Sicken. Weaken, or Gripe. JOcJicaVa.
... CURE CONSTIPATION. .
SMr Mrmrtj Ohaie. wliil. IU Tare. t
M.Td.R 1 f1 ld and jraaranteed by all drear
I UBAb gists to CCJU Xobaoeo HasIlT
IF YOU Bicycle Tires FREE
write at at once, enctotinf stamped eavelope lor reply.
lOl'.Mr till Bll 1CLK TIKK 10.. St. Leela. He.
f D f D C VNEW DISCOVERY; rives
LinUrU I eulckrUaadeareona
cams. Hod ror Doef of testimonials ana i uyr
me. a. av a. aaaaaw
A. If. K. B
I arMJSJf WHlTlJt X ABtUTItlau
JF lola IUrm TtrI. S2 per acre caak.balim I ataM tba yta Mw tha dvartlaa.
tcrv&kniu paid. JHalaalUStamaXUTlAZ. j I te paper
w i ir !"
To cure, or money refunded by your merchant, so why not try it? Price BOc