Newspaper Page Text
A Flu That Worlca Well Cader All
Clreametaaiee Where Wlatera
Arc Mat To Cold.
The window here illustrated waa
recently described as in use by a noted
poultry fancier. The method of con
struction is here pictured. The win
dow is low, and has the sashes hinged,
so that one .may step out into the yard
from the henhouse through the win
dow. The upper sash is hinged at the
top and swings out, being held up
IDEAL HENHOUSE WINDOW.
by an arm screwed to the casing. The
lower sash is hinged at one side and
swings out. This plan will work well
under many circumstances where the
winters are not too cold, and where
the fowls are kept in pens side by side,
with adjacent yards outside. In such
a case it is often inconvenient to get
into the yards unless one can go out
into them from the pens. With this
method of swinging the sashes the
necessity for having a door in each
pen, as well as a window, is done away
with. In cold climates such a plan
can be used for spring, fall and sum
mer, closing the windows in the win
ter and putting on outside sashes.
This device calls for a low window, and
(his is desirable on other accounts, as
only low windows let the sunshine
ouickly onto the floor on winter morn
ings. X. 1", Tribune.
LOCATING AN APIARY.
Wheie Baaawood and Clover Abonnd
la the Place Where Bees Lar
p Honey and Thrive.
If it is the intention to make bee
keeping a business, for the dollars and
cents that are in it, it is certainly of
great importance to consider well the
location of the same. There are locali
ties, even in the radius of a few miles,
that are much better than others.
There are localities where white clover
is very abundant, and where a crop
is sure every season, whether it is long
or short, while there are others that
are not so, and occasional years only
furnish a crop. Basswood is another
principal honey resource, and where
this and clover both abound is a de
sirable locality for an apiary. Bass
wood or linden is a good timber to
cultivate. It is very hardy and makes
a rapid growth, and might take the
place of cottonwood, so extensively
grown in the west. In a valley where
fall flowers are plentiful is a good
point to seek for, as a late flow of
honey is very desirable to place bees
in good wintering shape. Alfalfa is
one of the best honey-producing plants
we have at present, and it would be a
safe place to locate, even if no other
honey plants are in reach, but it would
be all the better if other honey plants
axe present. There is a long list of
honey-bearing plants, but we will give
but a few of the principal ones. Millet
or sweet clover, crimson clover, alsike
clover, mammoth or pea-vine clover,
tulip tree or popular, black or sour
gum, wild asters, golden-rod, willows,
maple, buckwheat, cleome or spider
plant, all kinds of berries and all kinds
of fruit trees, whether wild or domesti
cated. A. H. Duff, in Prairie Farmer.
Keeping; Well Water Pare.
It used to be an old-fashioned cus
tom in the country to put one or two
trout in a well to insure the water
being pure and wholesome. If they
did not keep it so it was supposed
that they would give warning of its
Impurity by dying themselves. We
are reminded of this by seeing in an
English paper that Prof. Sobrero, of
Turin, has lately advised the use of
eels in the house cistern for the same
purpose- He Bavls two or three not
large but lively eels would devour any
thing in the water in the shape of ani
malcules, infusoria, bird dropping
from the roof or vegetable matter of
any kind. We think they would also
take any animal matter like toads or
rata that might fall in and drown.
Millet Seed for Ponttry.
A quart of millet seed to 20 hens in
the morning, scattered far and wide
ao as to make them work, with nothing
at noon, and just as much as they will
eat up at night, with a variety of other
food, is an excellent plan of feeding.
To know how much they will eat let
them fill np until the last hen walks
away satisfied. If fed twice a day,
however (fill them), they will become
rolling fat. If done three times a day
it may kill them. The millet seed is
intended to keep them at work. The
seeds being small, they will work hard
to find them and can only eat slowly.
JTann and Fireside. -
SUE K.VEW HIS WEAKSKSa,
Head of the House You were very
kind to buy me such a pretty bronze of
Elsie Yes; mamma said she didn't
know of anything that would suit you
as well as a good, old-fashioned bust,
"Ah, yes." he cried. "I'd wtlllns'.y
Lay down my all for ycu!"
His feet Rev, up, and, grabbing out.
He sent her tprawilr.g. too.
He Was Still It."
"What's your name?" askrd II. Cru
soe of the new arrival.
"Friday," was the reply.
"I knew it!" exclaimed the castaway
in tones of despair; "I knew it! I'm
hoodooed." Chicago Daily News.
"What's the excitement at Byers
"They're giving away a foreign noble
man with each wedding trousseau."
N. Y. Journal.
Thole Lovlna; Girls.
Maude Do you think this bat makes
me look older?
Clara Of course not, dear. I don't
see how it possibly could. Chicago
A Good-Lock Cltlaea.
"What is a walking encyclopedia,
"Well, he is a man who always hap
pens to know the very things that other
people happen to-ask him." Pnck.
Strong In Deatb.
I hate the absent-minded chump
Who bores me so at whist:
I'll bet when he hears Gairiil's tramp
He'll vcant to knox: "What Ii'tT"
51.000.000 In 13 Tenral j
Bead the story of the Million Dollar Pots-
to, also of Rape, Bromus, Speitz, 3-eared
Corn, etc., all great money makers for the
farmer, in John A. Salzer Seed Co. s, La
Crosse, Wis., catalog. Send 10c. postage for
lame and 10 rare sample!" of farm seeds.
Largest Vegetable Seed Growers in the
United States. W
II oaks is no more. You probably didn't
know Hoaks, but he found a dollar in the
watch pocket of his last summer's trousers
and the poor fellow never recovered from
the shock. Chicago Daily News.
Ton Can Oct Allen'e Foot-Eee FREE.
Write lo-day to Allen S. Olmsted, Lerov,
N. Y., for a FREE sample of Allen's Foot
Ease, a powder to shake into your shoes. It
cures chilblains, sweating, damp, swollen,
aching feet. It makes New or tight shoes
easy. A certain cure for Corns and Bun
ions. All druggists and shoe stores sell it. 25c.
When a man is injured in a railway wreck
he first asks his doctor if he 'can recover,
and then his lawyer, and about how much.
L. A. V. Bulletin.
Piso's Cure is a wonderful Cough medi
cine. Mrs. W. Pickert, Van Siclen and
Blake Aves., Brooklyn. N. Y., Oct. 26. '94.
"No," said Fido through the fence to the
tramp dog, "I don't mind being washed. It
is such fun to roll in the dirt afterward."
Trust that man in nothing who has not a
conscience in everything. sterol.
CATTLE Native Steers....! 4
KLOL'K inter Wheat.... 2
WHKAT-No. t Red
CORN No. 2
OATS No. 2.
FORK Mess New 10
BEEVES Steers 4
Cows and Heifers. 2
CALVES (per 100) 5
HOGS Fair to Choice 4
SHEEP Fair to Choice.... 4
r'LOL'R Patents (new).... 3
Other Grades 2
WHEAT-No. 2 Red Winter
CORN No. 2
OATS No. 2.
RYE No. 2
TOBACCO Lu 3
Leaf Burley 4
HAY Clear Timothy (new) 10
BUTTER Choice Dairy....
BACON Clear Rib ,
EGGS Fresh .
PORK SiandardMess(new) ..
LARD Prime Steam
CATTLE Native Steers 4
HOGS Fair to Choice 4
SHEEP Fair to Choice.... 4
FLOUR Winter Patents... 3
Spring Patents... 3
WHEAT No. a Spring
No. 2 Red
CORN No. 2 .
, March 7.
90 j J 5 75
60 tf 3 !
... W 41
75 ((& 11 2o
25 a 6 05
65 (i 4 7i
75 i) 7 00
9 65 10 60 '
C TTLE Native Steers... 3
HOGS All Grades 4
WHEAT No. 2 Red
OATS No. 2.
FLOUR High Grade 3
CORN No. 2
OATS Western .
HAY Choice 1
PORK Standard Mess U
BACON Short Rib Sides...
COTTON Middling .
WHEAT No. 2 Red.
CORN No. 2
OATS-No. 2 Mixed.
PORK New Mess M
BACON Short Ribs
COTTON Middling ........ .
35 ri 4 S7H
GO 9 4 "0
... (w tt
... Ji ol,
50 fc 18 fw
oo ii io
... Hf mt
25 U 3Vi
MARCH AND APRIL
Ar the Most Dluareeahle Months ol
the Year In the North.
In the South, they arethepleasantestand
most agreeable. The trees and shrubs put
forth their bnds and flowers; early veg
etables and fruits are reaay for eating, and
in fact all nature seems to have awakened
from its w inter sleep. The Louisville & Nash
ville Railroad Company reaches the Garden
Spots of the South, and will on the first and
third Tuesdays of March and April sell
round-trip tickets to all principal towns in
Tennessee. Alabama,Georgia and West Flor
ida at almost half rates. Write forpartica
lars of excursions to P. 8id. Jones, 1). P. A.,
in chargeof Immigration,BirminghamvAla.,
or Geo. P. Horner. D. P. A., St. Louis, Mo.
' The Crownlanr Slight.
An Atchison man has been henpecked dur
ing the greater part of his life by a wife and
five daughters. Against his will he has been
obliged to take little homeopathic pills when
be would have preferred quinine, to attend
the Kpiscopal church when he preferred the
Baptist, and recently his women folks com
pelled him to be vaccinated by s woman doc
tor. Atchison Globe.
"Oh, Bow Happy I Am,"
Writes Mrs. Archie Young, 1817 Oaks Ave,
West Superior, Wis., "that I am once more
free from that terrible Neuralgia pain I had
been suffering with over five years. I am so
thankful, and pleased to say your "5 DROPS'
is the best medicine I ever got in my life. I
received it last November, used it right away;
the first dose hciped me. Many a day I
thought I would die before my husband re
turned from his labor. Since I am free from
pain manv of mv friends are surprised, and
say they will sendforsomeof the "5 DROPS' .
Sample bottles will be sent to anyone on re
ceipt of 25c. Large bottles, containing 300
doses: $1.00. For information write. Swan
son Rheumatic Cure Co, 164 E. Lake St,
Hot So Sore.
At a dinner in Rottingdean lately, a royal
academician stated to the company the cu
rious fact that sugar and sumac are the
only two words in .English where su is pro
nounced shu. There was much interest
shown in the discovery, when Rudyard Kip
ling was heard from the other end of the
table: "But. are you quite sure?" Chi
Slap Pnxsle Edacator.
Is Iowa as large as Maine? Which is the
Pan Handle State? What state is bounded
by four straight lines? These and many
other questions relating to the geography
of our own country answered by the map
i . 1 .1 ' L. 1 Hut.
puzzle sent out oy me uiungv
era Railway. It is a dissected map of the
United States printed on heavy cardboard
and the puzzle consists in putting the pieces
together so as to form a complete map. It
will be found interesting and instructive to
old people as well as young. It will be sent
to our readers sending 10 cents to F. H. Lord,
G. P. and T. A, Chicago Great Western
Railway, Chicago, 111., mark envelope "Puz
"What did Mr. Cummings say to you
last night, Clara;when he was trying to but
ton your glove? '
"Why, he said any man who made gloves
that wouldn't button easier than mine ought
to give up the business'."
"Well, dear, take my advice and don t
waste any more time in that direction. '
0,434 Letters a Day.
The John A. Salzer Seed Co, La Crosse,
Wis, received 6,431 orders Feb. 26, which is
a monster day, but they expect to double
this number by the middle of March. The
firm is having a great trade in its specialties,
potatoes, speitz, uromus inermis, nape, u;
n.t. Tk,M Vim A Crirn find earliest
A UUI VOW, ... V l- . .... - , , , i
vegetables. There is a wonderful demand for
onions, cabbage, peas ana Dean seeu mm
year. Early Bird Radish and Lightning Cab
bage, the earliest of this kind in the wide,
' 1 ..... .-1 A r, en U.vin. a trPmPTldnllR R.1 1 P-
muc n w i .... . . - -
The firm above mentioned is a large adver
tiser and use weeKly newspapers tuai, uum
Orlsjla of Tbankaslvlns; Day.
"We ought to do something to make our
selves solid with posterity," remarked one
of the Pilgrim Fathers.
"That's so," replied his companion. "How
would it be to inaugurate a national holiday
that will be a convenient time for football
The rest is history. N. Y. Journal.
From Baby In the IHsh Chair
to grandma in the rocker Grain-0 is good for
the whole family. It is the long-desired sub
stitute for coffee. Never upsets the nerves
or injures the digestion. Made from pure
grains it is a food in itself. Has the taste
and appearance of the best coffee at i the
price. It is a genuine and scientific article
and is come to stay. It makes for health
and strength. Ask your grocer for Grain-O.
Descriptive Heading. "I'm in trouble
again, said the new reporter. nere s a
atnrv nf a debate at the deaf and dumb in
stitute. What head shall I put on it?"
That s easv, suggested the snake editor.
"Make it 'Hand-to-Hand Contest.' "Cath
olic Standard and Tunes.
The International & Great Northern rail
way are sending out a map ot iexas, Alex
im and surrounding territory that is an ex
cellent production of the map engraver's
art, both artistically snd geographically. The
map is made on an unusually large scale, and
is as near perfect as to details as it is pos
sible to make it. Mr. D. J. Price, general
passenger and ticket agent of the system,
at. Palestine. Texas, is sending copies ol
this map to anyone who asks for it and en
closes seven cents in stamps to pay postage.
"The two-headed rirl rot ud another rum
pus this morning." "What was she angry
about?" "One of her heads bought a hat
just like that which the other one wore."
The Best Prescription for Chills
and Fever is a bottle of Grove's Tasteless
Chill To vie His simply iron and quinine in
a tasteless form. No cure no pay. PriceiOc.
TV,. nnmK marrfpit fnlVa ahonld PPT-
asvoi auu ...... . . -
tainly be unspeakably happy. Chicagc
dye with PUTNAM FADELESS DYES.
bold by all druggists.
The highest type of military invention
rpt devised is the war balloon. Elliott's
TO PLACE COR 8ARDEH SEEDS III EVERY
Ulthi Iat Ho. 11 8. B,
Jaae Pent 1 pks. Tellww Daaw
I pkc TiphTTaeaa,l Pks-O
Cabfcaa. 1 pka Bwwat Pai
XLTlMai aiaal warraaand knife
. vw l raaa I aaiaia
Bimej inanrias taa abo-arolieoti
(TwwmeeaeMetaajprieetaaaaal LARQK PKOa FRESH aEEDat WITH
Hair Restorer is a Perfect Dressing and Restorer.
"Darn progress, anyway!" gTcavled
Father Time; "I'm doing my level best.
same as usual, to leave my traces on
the faces of humanity, but between
complexion experts and dermatologists
I baven't a gho6t of a snow!" Town
"A man sometimes thinks he's hav
ing his own way when he is really do
ing what his wife planned for him.
Yes," answered the mild-eyed
philosopher; "many a one thinks he's
an autocrat when he is merely an an
tomaton." Washington Star.
Mrs. Bowers I don't like th way
Fannie acts. She is extremely man
nish in her ways.
Mr. Bowers (in surprise) Mannish?
Mrs. Bowers Yes; every time she
goes shopping she comes home com
pletely worn out! Puck.
Ko Indications Apparent.
"That's Miss Jiggins," said the
hostess. "She belongs to our smart
'I never would rave suspected it," re
plied the unsophisticated guest. "I
have just been conversing with her."
Why He Succeeded.
Eig-gs Is your friend Speaks a suc
cess on the lecture platform?
Diggs Sure. He has the faculty of
making his audience believe he knows
as much as they do. Chicago Daily
Under Certain Circumstances.
"Do you think a young man should
marry on a small income?"
"Oh, I can see no objection to it. It
he has reached an understanding with
herfather." PhiladelphiaNorth Amer
A Solid Foondatloa.
Mrs. Parvenu But, I'm sorry ws
don't belong to one of them old fam
Mr. Parvenu Never mind, Maria,
We'll found a family, and we'll found it
on rocks. Brooklyn Life.
The Midnight Stew.
Yeast Do you ever take your wife
home a stew in a box when you're out
late at night?
Crimsonbeak No, I don't have to; I
generally find her in one when I get
homav x onkers Statesman.
Qneatlon Too General.
"What was the date of your mar
riage?" asked the friend of her child
"Which ore?" inquired the emotion
si uitress. Chicago Post.
aro invited to write to
Mrs. Plnkham for free
advice about their health,
Mrs. Plnkham Is a wo-
If you have painful
periods, baokaohes or
any of the more serious
Ills of women, write to
Mrs. Plnkham s she has
helped multitudes Your
letter wUI be sacredly
Lydla E. Plnkham' s
Veoetable Compound Is
known wherever the Eng
lish language Is spoken
Hothlng else can possi
bly be so sure to help suf
fering women. No other
medicine has helped so
Remember this when
something else Is sug
Mrs. Plnkham' s ad
dress Is Lynn, Mass.
Her helping band Is
always outstretched to
wbetber he baa ft
few acres or ban-1
dreds. can mak'
lancer crop If be
will aow bis (rain,
Seed Sower ;
It sows economt(
tow4 to 8 acres
mm auur m an7s
T time. Pay Hr ttse.f in a seamen. For years T
y it baa been rountel " ratmvr t
4aor. If roar dealer won't Cnrattb U'dr"T
WUUUCaili 1.VIBVI M-AX "
a a a .AAa.avaVaVaVaV a.aVaVaVa.J-
HCa III THE COUICTRY
tin J 5
yea taaeatire m paetew maamu' "ay
1 eaa. Oea Pea.Tpks. Iwarf Wax Haana, 1 aka. Btriaa Beam, 1
Wnlaraelaa. 1 pes. Marble hum mota UramheaTCabbaas,! paa. Oi
Bad Globe Onlea. 1 pas- awww
T, pks-DeableOarlea' Paraley. 1 pes. OalefT, 1 ate. Thrnje. 1 rteFren
Free th. 1 pks Sumt Oraewaeek Sqaaah. 1 pte Eeileae BieedTnnlp
a. laaae Kartj lera UBBeaaw. i pan-
pae. aeariet iwraip naaiaa. paa.
rpkaa. freak eardea aeada net aiaatie
ant,er wa will fereiah the tl traah
A NOTED JUDGE SAVED BY PERUNA.
Had Catarrh Uins Years fill Dcsfcrc Fcil:l
HON. GEOBGE KEBSTEf, OF CHICAGO.
Hon. Geo. Kersten, a well-known Justice
"Iivas afflicted tuiih catarrh
located chiefly in my head. I tried many remedies without sroaff. I
applied to several doctors, bet they tvere not able to core me. I
learned of the remedy, Peruna, through the daily newspapers. After
taking the remedy for 18 weeks I was entirely cured. I consider my
cure permanent,, as U has been two and a half years since I was cured."
Any man who wishes perfect health
must be entirely free from catarrh. Ca
tarrh is well-nigh universal; almost om
nipresent. Peruna is the only absolute
safeguard known. A cold is the begin
ning of catarrh. To prevent colds, to
cure colds, is to cheat catarrh out of its
victims. Peruna not only cures catarrh,
but prevents it.
' Leader" loaded with Smokeless powder and " New
Rival" loaded with Black powder, superior to an
? other brands for
UNIFORMITY, RELIABILITY AND
Winchester Shells are for
shaving them when you buy
What la Itt
PAR IM Ci. teua.
rUhar'l hah irt Wtrmtat U TnUa.
'Uaa Latter, S.Trar.Pa..l
fcT irowlaa SDtaukUa Bit falOu; J. IraMOT,
Ml.hiMtt. Wla 173 bu. tojlert aB.L.TOtt.
SWWiaz. nlaa.. Vf pawlM 0ka. Salaar-iwa
arr mm. UjtmHM.mm na. i,iMHpu
sfec0a nMi, SjggijmaaMl ai trial
10 DOLLARS WORTH FOR Mo.
Wptar .f ran ferai mla. Batt Ba. Sara
f- n.iln a-MlirtnrHflhaia irri ani 1 rrr- hlT
paratr. DOT.ai.aaa aaricy. bum. imth
tfea craalcl ffraM tm ara; SMsm aRj m.
JV Bap. SprlM tbw, -. lacladlac car aw
aaaat Saltar'a vital Mllflaa iraiiar
Fatata, .11 bum ft . -
Dr.Wnilama Indian Plbj
Olntmanl will cara Blind.
Bleedina- and I toning
Pile. It abaorba tba
tamors, allaja tba ttea
Idc at once, acta aa a
I ponltiea.slTM Instant ra
llaf. Prepared for Pllas
narta. Atdrnnlataor by
nail oo receipt of price. oenta and l-O.
WUA1.1MS tiro. CO., Props, Clsvelaxd. Oaio.
For 40 rears tba fsTorlM
with practical gmrdaners
and florists. Tba now 1900
catalogTM describes all vs
Bend for It.
fiSXCOST a 809, arskkeai, lata.
CataipletcB I lcsuruiaati
rOIIIP1 WHISKY and other dro
r I U 11 habiu cured In o0dar Jfana
torinm treatment. Book and particular. FBKK.
B. St. WWIXId M. Attaala. .
1-4 D D O V Half MSCOTMT: les
aalck relief and
eaaea. Book ef taatleaoniala and I dais treatateat
nm,T pks. iobbV Oeai
ureea mvon xtaaK
Tep Tarnln,! pks,
l eke. arl oa.lat
ynen iaiiia na
Beat,! paie. aarir "
lawj uiaaa waaw,
' Market Lellana, 1
a. 1 pae. Early Keaaiaa
bua eaztt Baalr aeliaaad eada. three heewr ataal bladaa.
ST aHethar. KMIFB FRB.KI
pkaef eardea eaeje eitheSmlfa JejHSIl,.tJJ1l.ftlS WJCTS rSS TStXTf
KMIFB mu. T. . RwBMTr UPPal HOHSSt asarvwa aatntB.
of the Peace, of Chicago, says:
for nine years. My catarrh uas
All families should provide them
selves with a copy of Dr. Hartman's frest
book entitled "Winter Catarrh." Thin
book consists of seven lectures on ca
tarrh and la grippe delivered at Ths
Hartman Sanitarium. It contains th
latest information on the treatment ot
catarrhal diseases. Address Dr. Hart
man, Columbus, Ohio.
sale by all dealers. Insist upon
and you will get tne Dest.
H handsomely Ulnstrated ssssthly
niaisilne. published D j the LAO.
N. R B-. ciTlnc timely deacrlptloaa af
ths matchless resonrees and opportuni
ties of TEXAS; the special subject
matter of eaeh lssv to data belnc ss
follows: MARCH. 1898, TKXAI; APRTX,
Houstoh Covhtt; MAT, MOaTTOOM
SBTConsTT; JUNE ChbbocbbCocs
TT; JULY. Lso Comrrr; AUGUST.
AtTDBSsosT Couirrr axd Fiurnn;
SEPTEMBER. BUSK CotraTT; OCTO
BER, Walksb CoinrrT: NOVEMBER.
Bins Ootnrrr amb Sam Ajrroino;
DECEMBER, BaaZOBIA COTTaTT.
This marazlae Is of crest lntereet to
the ineestor, poruman, tourist, health
seeker and home seeker, snd will be
sent free to say one paylnc the poetase,
which is SS cents lor one year, or t eents
for earn Die copy. Back a ambers may
-be had it desired.
Send T cents la stamps for beanttfo!
ART MAP of TEXAS sad IIU1CO,
SSx40 iDeaae- Address
D. 1 PRICE, 6. PAT. A., hU$liiit,Tex
Excorslon Rates to Westers Canatfa
and partiealar as to bow
to aecare 1 acres or
the beat Wheat growl ne
land oa the eon U neat. caa
beeeenred on application)
to tne Superintendent of
Canada, or the nader
alsned. Bpedally eoa
d Of ted exennioas will
leave St. pant Mlna- oa,
tbe drat and third Tuesday la eacb month, aad apa
eially low rate oa aU llnea of railway are beina)
quoted for exconlon lea Tina: Bt. Panl oa Marea
Ktb. and April Its. for Manitoba. AaelnlDoie. San
ta tc be wan and Alberta. 9. PSULIT. Boot, of laa.
miaratlon, Ottawa. Canada, or to CJ SKOTJOH
TON. l23Mooadnock BIL. Chleaao. and J. a Caav
yoBD. nt Weat Sta M treat, aanaai City, MS4 aV Sk
UoutBS. Ths Bllaa.lnrtlinapolU lad.
aand ae 71 eta If yea wast kaica Be. wAv,errf eta.
ad ae 71 eta If ion waa satUBw. waV.errf eta.
alalia imaUprW to ewareaaad a will aand
,u I w. , -
lata 1 pes
l 1 akw Ajta.
At Tleta the lab. 4-blaee. O-aareaikeiSlhwnbaB.
tBereaiaa hoof blade. We se n VaaA Uliaf
A. H. K.-B
IKJf WBITIIS T .
I SFNT JLJti
i i. ILLUainAlUn WH X T a
J bxHLMML PK1
to nrs mi -