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MURDERERS' SCHEME NOW ! ISJNSANITY The Practice Might Almost Be Classed as a Fine Art-How It Has Been Successfully Done, with Legal Assist ance, in Some Celebrated New York Cases. New York. "It's Here I was ready to with my murdor case Ing, and that fool of a shamot Ko to trlii I this morn a client of and got a niino had to go to work shave and a haircut. Now I ran t have him tried for two months. He's got to wait now until the vacation sea von Is over. I'll make sure that he does not shave any- more while I have anything to do with his dofonae." I was coming out of the crlmlnnt courts building when I ran Into a law yer, an old acquaintance ho Is one of the best-known criminal lawyers In this country who appeared to mo as though he was about mad enough to ju-w-"-'Lni iftrs-irrs-i-i - """"" ' " '" " "" Jump out of his skin, writes Gus Roe der in the New York World. ."What's the matter this morning?" I Inquired. "Nothing the matter," he replied, "only here I wns ready for the trial of, that man I was assigned to look after on the charge of homicide, and that fool has spoiled my defense." Tho lawyer explnlned: Tl o case was one cf cold-blooded murder. It was a homicide committed while In the act of commlttltng a burglary. The de fendant was an old-timer. The district attorney was looking for a conviction of murder In the first degree, the pun ishment of which la death In the elec tric chair. The lawyer who had been assigned to defend the man aurely was "up against It." "My man was Insane at the time of the shooting," aaid the attorney. The district attorney laughed when he heard about the kind of defense that was to be offered. ... Two months later the prisoner was hrniiffht to court again, what a change! I was unable to Identify the man. His hair was lone and looked as though a ccmb had never passed throng's it. There was a two months' growth of reddish beard on his face. Ills eyes were atary. Altogether the dofondant appeared more like a mon ter than a human being. The Ruee That Worked. "No use trying him; he's not right In his upper atory." said the lawyer to the assistant district attorney, in charge. Tho prosecutor seemed to have bis doubts. In order to go to trial In the case It was necessary to get a jury, and then there was some doubt as to, whether, after all, a con viction of murder in the -first degree could be secured. "Will you take a plea of guilty of murder In the second degree?" asked the lawyer. The prosecutor consulted the Judge on the bench. He said be was willing. The prisoner was arraigned once more. "Defendant at the bar," called out Clerk Penney, "you say you change your plea of not guilty of murder In the first degree, heretofore Interposed In your case, and now plead guilty to murder in the second degree. Is that your plea?" "It Is," came the responso from the prUaner at the bar. Two months before that right after the shave and hair cut no such plea would have been accepted. Denth In tho elect lie chair was then the only solution of the case. Hut two months under tho guidance of tho experienced nttorney-at-law had made an absolute ly positive change for the bettor. The miserable life of the prisoner was saved by a method that Is only too ofton applied In cases which are con sidered desirable. Tho defendant, In stead of being put to doath. Is now serving a life sentence in Sing Sing. There are. others of his Had there. Nobody knows that better than does the shrewd Conmtoghton, the principal keeper of the prison, or, as he Is often called, tho "P. K." It is not always that the murderer succeeds in carrying his shamming game tc a successful termination. I recall well tho case of Policeman Wil liam H. Ennls. His Is considered the most remarkable of all the shamming cases that ever came under the ob servation of the officials In 8lng Sing. Ennls wns a Brooklyn policeman. He was a married man, and as far as his police record want a good policeman. Hut he would get drunk, and when he was In his cups there was no telling what he would not do. The bluecoat and his wife did not get along well. Some said It was a case of "too much mother-in-law. Whether that be true or not, Ennls shot and killed his wire, and then ahot his mother-in-law, who recovered. When arrested Ennls shammed sui cidal mania. He was put on trial, nevertheless. Ills defense was Insan ity. He wasconvlctcd. Throughout the entire trial the fellow sat beside his counsel aa though In a trance. Ills lawyer pleaded and pleaded with great earnestness. Alienists swore the po liceman was surely mad. His frlendi also testified that in their opinion he was of unsound mind. Ennls never said a word. There were many In that crowded courtroom who, after looking at the man, insisted that ha was sure- ly a fit subject for an Insane arylum. They called him the "crazy cop." But the district ntUirney won . his point The Jury found the policeman guilty of murdor In the first degreo. There was nothing else for the Judge to do than to sentence the man to be electrocuted at Sing Sing. Ennls heard the sentence and acted as though he did not know what was hnppenlng. Tnoy took him to Sing Sing. Ho was weak and broken iu health. He was placed In one of the steel cages In the death house and there the man sat, In almost utter silence, for nearly two years, while his case was being passed pon by the highest court In the state. During all these days and months while Ennls was confined In the death house he never spoke to one of the other condemned men. Although they tried their best to entertain tho con victed policeman he never spoke to them. When tho warden and the keep ers attempted to draw lilm Into a con versation Ennls would mumble, some thing thut they could not understand. He would sit all day and long Into the night, alwnys In a crouching position. When once a week they would open bis cell door and tell him to step out side that he might he bathed and shaved, he would hobble about as If he was a wild beast. Hut never a word did ho utter. At first he refused to taBle food. After a while he ato. but sparingly only. Ho wasted away terribly. The Chloroform Test. Dr. Irvine, the expert physician of the prison, was among the few who seemed to be in doubt as to whether Ennls' mind was really affected or not. His case was widely discussed among experts, but here was a kind of In sanity that was up to that timo prac tically unknown. One day there came word from Al bany thnt the court of appeals hart confirmed the sentence nnd conviction of the lower court, and that the death sentence must bo carried out accord ing to law. Warden Johnson was pus sled. Warden Johnson, who Is a very con scientious ninn, reported to the gov ernor and the latter, In order that no Injustice should bo dono and an In sane man made to suffor the death penalty, appointed a commission com posed of leading experts in Insanity, and they went to Slug Sing and looked at Ennls. They questioned' the ward en and the keepers and from them learned the story I have nnrrated here. "If we can only get his mind of? the subject," said the doctors. "If he Is shamming we can find It out only by getting his mind off the sub ject." They carried Ennls out of the death house and up to the operating room In tho hospital Inside of the prison walls. There they placed him on nn operat ing tnblo and the chloroform wua ad ministered. They gavo him a small dose only, just enough to make him unconscious for a short while. As the chloroform was beginning to wear off Dr. Irvine suddenly pushed the man off the operating table so that he struck the floor with a thud. ThlB awakened the "crazy cop" in a Jiffy. "Got up and hurry over to that door!" commanded Mr. Connaughton, who was present during the experi ment. Ennls walked to the door, Just ns you or I would, In a natural way. He had forgotten all about the hobbling and the, crouching and that was hi undoing. "Oh, you fakir!" yelled the experts and Connaughton. "You fakir! We found you out!" The moment Ennla realized ftiat he bad been caught "with the goods on," aa "Dig mil" Devery would have said bad he been on hand, ha turned as white aa a sheet. Nobody realised bet ter than be did that hi end waa at band, ' - mm wo?. J "Gentlemen," fee stammered, "yes, you have found me out. But you would not have done so had you not put me nndor chloroform. Now I'm glad It s over nnd I am ready to take my medicine. You cannot Imagine whnt 1 huve suffered during all these long months while I wus trying to 'beat' tho chslr. Now I am glud the end Is at hand." I well remember tho esse of Mj--tin Thorn, the barber, who, together with Augusta Naek, a midwife, killed William Ciuldensuppe, a rubber In a Turkish bath. William F. Howe, the veteran criminal luwyer. wns his senior counsel. Joseph Moss, now a magistrate, and at that time also con nected with the firm of Howe ft Hum mel, wus also of counsel. I eat next to Thorn during his trial, whic h took pluoe In Long Island City, nnd later on I suw him electrocuted In Sing Sing. There was nobody at that time who understood more about putting up the right king of defense than did the veteran Howe. I remember going to lilm Just as the trial was about to start nnd asking him what kind of a defens Thorn would put up. "Ah. my boy," said Mr. Howe to me, "I don't know myseir. That Is. It all depends upon circumstances. In the first place we" (ho always spoke of his client as we) "did not commit the crime. Therefore, you see and quite readily too that wo are Innocent of this most awful chargo that a grand Jury, guided by a misinformed district attorney, bus declared against us." A short time after the commence ment of tho trial Mrs. Naek' an nounced that she would turn state's evidence. She confessed all and Bwore thnt Thorn had committed the murder. I wus assigned thnt night to notify Mr. Howe of what had occurred. I found him in an up town hotel, lie had retired when the bellboy took up my curd. I was asked to "Come right In, my boy." I told him that the woman In the case hud confessed that Thorn had killed Guldensuppe and that she had helped the man to dispose of the body of the victim. "What aro you going to do now about t!lo defense?" I inquired. "I linvo It! I have It!" all at onco shouted Mr. Howe, looking us happy ns a schoolboy with a new toy. "What do you think of It?" "The only thing left you Is Insan ity," I suggested. "And t'.ial Is where you are wrong." replied Mr. Howe. "I Jold you I had It Here Is our new defense. I knew It all tho while. Now, please, don't think that I Just manufactured It. Why. of course, we knew all the tune lhat this was the body of Guldensuppe. Blthough the head wns mlsaing. We know, too, who killed tho man. We did not. Sho did. Yes, sho did. All wn hud to do with the case was to help her, out of pure gallantry, to dispose of the body. That 1a no crime. She did the killing, nothing else. Thnt Is our defense!" Thorn went on tho witness stand nnd told the story JuBt as Mr. Howe had outlined it to mo. Dut the Jury did not believe him, and convicted the barber of murder In the first degree. 1'he Reason. F, A. Iiusse, Chicago's new mayor, had been complimented by a reporter on the direct, terse quality of a state ment he had given out. "I am a believer In brevity," said Mr. Busso, smiling. "Tho fewer -words you say a thing in, the stronger and more striking Is thut thing's effect. "Once I knew a man who hated the Swiss. " 'Why, Jake,' I said to him one day, "you astound me. You hnte the Swiss, yet here ou aro married to a Sw!as wife.' "'Yea, said Jake; 'tWit's'!' . son.' " i ui ii i i r fj. i T' ii ii ii ii i r NEWS OF MISSOURI Wm , ,i i i i A Lengthens Time of Fast Trains. Jefferson City. Information has reached railroad men and others here that a new schedule has b"n prepared for Uio Missouri l'aclllc, effective Sun day, June 9, by which th.9 time of all fast through trains will be lengthened between SL Louis and Kansas City, so that none will muke the ruu under nine hours. Quakes Caused by Leaking Water. Columbia -Ir. Thomas Jefferson Jackson See, one of the most noted astronomers In the United States, and employed by tho government at the Maro Island navy yard, In California, in au Interview hero says earthquakes aro caused by the leakage of water through the earth's crust, and chiefly from the leakage of the ocean. To Probe Almshouse. Jefferson City Gov. Folk has ap pointed a committee, consisting of Itev. Frank M. Crutehor, Clillllcolhc; James K. Moorehead, Lexington, and D. W. Iteese, Willow Springs, all mem bers of the state board of charities and corrections, to Investigate the report ed immoralities in the Sullivan coun ty almshouse. Charleston Church Dedicated. Charleston The formal dedicatory services of me new Catholic church were held here. The dedication or blessing of the church both inside and out was of a most Impressive nature and was attended by many (rum sec tions of southeast Missouri. Tho ser mon was delivered by Rt. Rev. Father Glennon uf St. Louis. Officers of Soldiers' Home Elected. St. James The board of trustees of the state federal soldiers' home at this place met at the home and re elected Capt. Hrliinger superintendent for two years. .Mrs. Chapman, the superintend ent's daughter, was elected mat run for two yearn, and Dr. C. 11. Fulbrlghl was reelect, homo surgeon for an other two years. Gould Employes Dismissed. Sedalia Striking coppersmiths, tin ners ami steauitltters who walked out of the Missouri Pacillc shops hero some weeks ugo. demanding au In creuso of lie au hour In wages, were uoililed to call for their time cheeks and to removo their personal belong ing:' from the premises of th com pany. Mother 8ees Her Child Scalded. Prosperity Mary U. Uoblnett, a 5-year-old girl, was scalded to death In the presence of her mother here. Mrs Roliluett had lifted a tubful of scalding suds from a stove and set It ou the kitchen lioor. Hor daughter, running backward In play, toppled into It while bur mother's back was turned. J. T. Muir Is Appointed Actuary. Jefferson City. Dr. J. T. Muir, ol La Grange, has been appointed actuary in tho stale insurance department, i.iulr represented Lewis county in the forty-fourth general assembly, and is one of the leading educators uf tho stale. Man Struck with Mallet Dies. I.oulsiuua A telegram from Keo kuk announces tho death of At Hen drlck, who was struck on Iho heud with a mullet lu Meloon's saloon at Clarksville. Deputy Sheriff Tumeliy went to Clarksvlllo and placed Todd under arrest. Police Quell Girls' Riot. Chlllleiillie Forty InmuteB of the slate industrial home for girls In this city engaged In n riot here, which con tinued for several hours, and was end ed only when the sheriff and a special detail of policemen were summoned. Territory Railway Builder Dies. Cassvilke Word has reached this city of tho death of John Rayless, at Cliiremorc, I. T., following au opera tlou performed for appendicitis. He built the Las.HVlli.) & Western railroad, giving tblB place railroad connection. Incorporates 132 Concerns in May. Jefferson City. Certificates of In corporation were Issued to 12G domes tic business enterprises by the secre tary of stale during May, their capi talization aggregating t,ulO,Gju. St. Leuls Pastor Addresses Graduates, Warrensburg Dr. W. J. Williamson, pastor of the First Baptist church ol St. Louis, delivered the annual ad dress to the graduates of the normal. Strike In Packing Plants. St Joseph Fifty salt workers in the Hammond packing plant here struck for art advance In wages of 10 per cent Missouri Pork Butchers Out. 81. .eph. Pork butchers number ing 125, employed at Swift & Co.'l nlant In Boi'Mi St. Joseph, went on strike. Rails Spread; U Clerk Escapes. Union. Passenger raln No. f,7, on the Rock Island, wthound, was wrecked by a spreading rail a mile from hero. Elvineer britUijr.u was slightly Injured, although th "ugine did not leave the rails. Friends Say He Is "Qualified." Jefferson City. Much talk has bet the possibility of former Attorney Oe the poslbillty of former Attorney ucn urn i E " Rraw. now of St. Loula. Ket one into U race for tho democratic gubernatorial nomination next jrear. MISSOURI EDITORS FORTY-FIRST WELL ANNUAL SESSION ATTENDED. OMAR D. GRAY ELECTED PRISIDEKT Retiring President Philip Csnsz Starts Movement for Country Club and Camping Grounds for Editors. 8t Louis. Qmsr D. Gray, editor of the Sturgeon Lender, was unanimously elected president of the Missouri Preas Association at the concluding session of the forty-nmt annual mtetlng of that organization, held ut the Laclede hotel. The other offluars are. First vice-president. C. M. Harrison. Gallatin; second vice-president. J. R. Lowell, Mnb?rly; third vlcc-piesldent, H. J. 8lrnmon. Claicnce; teen ding secretary, J. C. Humbarger, Memphis; corresiKindlng secretary, R. M. Whlto, Mexico; treasurer, II. A. Gass, Jeffer son City. Have Pictures Taken. Immediately after the afternoon eva sion Thursday the editors asscmhle'1 In front cf ll.e Lncl 'de hotel and sev eral pictures of the group were taken, lifter which they were leaded Into two special Wellstt n cars at Sixth and Chestnut streets and were carted away off to Wellston, where the scribes and their wives were received by about thirty business men, their wives and daughters. The ride to Wellston was ,-nJoyed by all, anil when they reached there at 5:20, led by Charles J. Hon nlnger, editor of the Wellston Her ald, they niarchi d up Easton avenue to the First National Hank, where the festivities continued until after mid night. At tho First National Hank the par ty was received by S. W. Jerilen, presi dent of the b;mk. and his wife. The Interior of the hank was turned Into a flub room. Cigars wer passed uiound and punch wai served. From tho First National Itank Ihey proceeded directly ncross the street to the State Hank of Wellston, where they were re reived hy .Toe Ka slcr, president of Hint Institution. Refreshments were also served there. The crowd then, proceeded upstairs to the Wellston stub room. t han. J. I (milliliter waa niuater of ceremonies. Camping Grounds for Editors. I'd: tots comprising the Missouri State Press Association will soon be the Joint possc-sors of a c:imping, hunting and fishing irround. mil "fs the sentiment diminishes which marked the closing minutes of the forty (list annual convention at the Laclede ho tel Friday. The movement was start ed by President Pnllip Cans, i f the Macon Republican, who pilnted In such glowing colors the dell;.. his of a spot In the southern Ozark, where the strennis purl and the trees mur mur, nnd the pen may be l.ild asldo for the fishing rod nnd the shears for tho gun, that the editors lalriy shouted when he hnd finished, and nu.de a mo tion thnt a committee bo appointed to take up the mutter and report as soon as possible. President Gausz will an nounce tho commit! cc within n few days. Members Present. Albert O. Allen, Reeord. Now Madrid; Ovid Hell, Onset to. Fulton; Jack Hlanton. Appeal, Paris; J. S. Hrenneman, Capital, Sedalin; J. V. I:un. burger. Democrat, Memphis; J. P. Campbell, Prospect News, Doniphan; U. F. Chllilers, Free Press. Troy; S. A. Clark, Republican-Record, Carrolllon; .!. W. Cox. News, Monroe City; Sam V. Davis. Democrat, Ilutler; J. H. M wnrds, Kansas City Journal, Jefferson City; Howard F.llis, Leader, New Flor ence: Philip Gniisz, Republican. Ma con; II A. (lass, Missouri School Jour iinl, Jefferson City; Omar I), G ay, eader, Sturgeon; Steve .1. Harris, 'ourler. Kirkweod; C. M. Ilarri'.on, North Mi-Kourlan, Gullalln; Charles J. (oiinlmrer. Herald, Well-ton; Karl R. lodges. Ilorald-Post. MoUatie; C C. Howard, Dully Express, Ktrl.svi'Io; V. O. L. Jewott. D mocrat, Sl:t:mna; Sam Keller, Globe-Democrat, Jefferson City; Charles W. Knapp. R-pulelc. St. .onls; John A. Knott, Journal. Hannl. al: Rev. JoFCphus Lee, General llan- tlat. Slkcston; J. R. Lowell, Democrat, Mohcrly; Russell Monroe, Times, Tip- ton; C. W. Mullnox, Stir, t.u Hello; Clio H. Mullnox, Democrat, ICd!n,a; L. O. Nelson, Easlo, Uunceton; W. R. Painter, Democrat, Cnirollion; Miss Georglna Ruby, Dawn, St. Louis; Wes Robertson, Democrat, Gallatin; W. .1. Rruise, Democrat, Menrcc City; W. P. Ruffe!, Missnurlan. Glasgow; H. J. Simmons, 'Courier. Clarence; E. H. Smltht, Courier, Charleston; J. M. So scy, Spectator. Palmyra: F. H. Sosey, Spectator, Palmyra; William South ern, Jr., Jackson Examiner, Independ ence; H. W. Stelnhlss, Labor Compen dium. St. Louis; W. L. Thomas, School nnd Home. St. Iiuls; Dan Frnzor, Thompson Eaglo, Elilon; J. P. Tucker, Gazette, Pnrkvlllo; Fred L. Wensel, AdverUser-Courler. Hermann; H. M. WholpTey, Meyer Hros. Druggist, 8L Louis; R. M. White, Ledger, Mexico; L. M. White, Lcdner. Mexico; T. B. White, Enterprise, Warsaw; Will H. Zorn, Oarette, Weft Plains; J. West Goodwin, Ilazoo, Sedalia; Rtn P. Wood, Herald. Iaredo. The retiring officers of tho associa tion are as follows: President, Philip Oansz, Macon Republican; first vice president, E. K. Lylcs, Houston Hor ald; second vice president, C. M. Hnr. rlson, Gallatin North Missourian; third vice-president, J. R. Lowell, Moborly Democrat; recording secretary. J. V. Bumhurger, Memphis Democrat; cor responding secretary, R. M. White, Mexico Ledger; treasurer, Howard A. Gass, Jefferson City Missouri Schonl Journal. The last three named editors j were re-elected Vo the Blnw PWtUau (or another term.