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THE LEGAL STATUS OF LOCAL OPTION. So fur, tin- advocates of Local Option in SI. Francois county have won in every legal pi cliiijr fust i- tuti'tl to thwart tlir petitioners null deprive tlii'in nf their right tn vote mi Siiturilay. Tin- first step taken liy tin' lit 1 1 irni' s fur tin- Milium unit liquor interests, Unit Ik, 1 1 first open step, wus tu apply In tin' Su preme Court of the Stiiti- for a writ of proliiliition against tin- county Hi rt. The I'lfiM't of such it writ would have been to prevent tin- hold ing of tin- i-liM-tion us ordered. Tin-Supri'ini-Court told tin- eminent at torneys wlni applied for the writ to jrii liefore their own ein-iiit court. This they did. They applied to the .Inline of thin circuit at his hoiue in l'erryville and he net Thursday, February Ltith, as the date for hear in).' the arguments and the place, Farmliigtnn. The whole day wax consumed in the discussion of the mat d r. In a clear-cut dcuisimi, one that permitted of no in i ku ihIithi nml ing, the court held that the county court had not exceeded its Juris diction and that it had also pro- ded legally. On Monday, March L'nd, the ut toriieyK for the halooii and liquor in terests went to St. Louis hefore Mu st. Louis Court of Appeals. Here application for Koine extraordinary writ was imnle. After hearing the iittorney for the space of iihoiit half an hour, the court sit t ing us a hench, that is the entire court, refused to issue the writ. Application was then made to the Supreme Court for u writ of proliiliition, which was de nied. One of the points that has I u definitely passed upon, Is the Furtn ingtnii census, sustaining the posi tion of the local optiouistH. Soma Written and Unwritten History. The charge of unfairness has been made in the matter of making up the petition 1 ause the petitioners did not exclude the City of Farin ingtnn. It is charged that they should have had a census taken and then voted Fiirmlngtun separate. In answer it can he stated that. 1. The whole matter of I. oral Option was not the work of a day's agitation ; nor was tin- circulating of the petition done in secrecy and darkness. For a consiili-rale length of time hefore the petition was tiled with tl utility court tin- whole matter was aggressively agitated, a long time was consumed in prepar ing the petition. All parties inter ested knew that the matter was to lie presented to the county, There was ample time for those who de sired the city of Kurmington to vote separate to make u legal census, to present the same to the county court, or what would have heen inure efficient, to have had a petition of ten per cent of the voters of the city to the city council asklgn for a city election. With all of the. Informa tion they hud of the progress of the movement, this the parties Inter esteJ In the saloon and liquor busi ness did not do. 2. While It Is difficult to prove, nevertheless it appears that through out the whole matter these inter I'Sls had the advice of Home of the ablest luwyers in the county. May it not he presumed that, jcting under that advice, they permitted the petition to be prepared and pre sented to tin- county court thinking that later they could annul the whole matter, not only in the city of Furiuiiiglnii but in the whole county, notwithstanding the will of Un people, as yet unexpressed but which they feared would he for the removal of tin- saloons from the county. X Since the matter has been brought into the courts, the city council of Karmingtoii has displayed u remarkable activity in the matter, an activity which might have been more eftleaclously made before the petition of the voters of the entire coiintv had been filed with the t-niri- iy court. The first step taken by tl mncil, and on its own initia tive without any petition or other expressed sense of the citizens of the city, wus to take a census. This step was taken on the night of tin day that the petition was tiled with the county court, which, ill itself, is evidence that some ut least of tin council were, not as unprepared us would appear on the face of the matter. This census wus taken at an expense to the city and without anything before the council to hIiow that the citizens were in favor of audi a step. The people, must, how ever, pay these expenses. Without any authority from the council, the Mayor signed the peti tion presented to the circuit court. Tlilii he had a right to do as a cltl leu, but he used his official title, nut neccessarily Indlceting that lie desired the petition to appear as emanating from the city Itself. Departm't City Council' Extraordinary Act. The closing chapter in the wrii ten history was made on Monday night, Murclf ud. Tin- city attor ney introduced a resolution into the council that had for its object the making of the city a party to tin suit being prosecuted before the higher its. Again, this wuk with out any written or otherwise ex pressed desire of the citizens of Furiniiigtoii then before the council. This resolution was curried by a vote of six to two of tin- council. Ii spells additional legal expenses, and if th iineil diil not exceed its jurisdiction, the citizens will have to pay the expenses. And for what purpose'.' Merely h lining a party to a suit that had been prosecuted to perpetutate the saloons and that has that for its object. Acadeemi eally and technically, it might In stated that the cily became a party to the suit to preserve Its own rights. Hut according to the decision of the circuit court, whulewT rights had inhered in the city had been lost by its nut having availed Itself of those rights. llofore the matter was pre sented the city could have moved in a legal way, had the census taken, certified tii the county court and saved the expense of legal proceed ings. There are several observations that can be made, without reflecting upon tin- council, its officers or members. Kor smile time past the city has been very ilelicate about becoming involved ' in any legal proceedings. The council has wisely taken into consider.it ion the costs that must be paid, the expense ol attorneys, etc. Hut in this mutter, the mem bers of tin- council voting for the resolution seem to lime departed from their heretofore cautionary 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -r of dealing with such things. It seems that they have I n mis led by ottn rs or else have taken a snap judgment . It appears also that the resolution Is designed more to help tie- Inter ests that are contesting the Local Option movement, the saloons and liipior, than it is to protect tin- city of Kurmington and its citizens. It should ulso he noticed that the resolution upon which the city -icted was introduced by the city attorney unci that be stated that he was act- jfjocjiv:' :: r i ft :: V :: WHO IS My MAS TEH? I AM YOUR H ASTER, me to be an influence for o i i : v : :: ft :; :: munity; you do not indorse me along any moral lines; down deep in your heart you are opposed to me. But I am your master. Hy whip is of gold and its lash is tipped with silver. 1 pay you $26,000 annually; I am so interwoven with your life that you are afraid to let me go. I, the Sa loon and Liquor interests, am your Master. ing an the adviser of the council. Without reflecting upon his motive. In the mutter, yet every one is liable to be influenced by his association and mental attitude. The same at torney has been associated with the counsel for the liquor Interests In their proceedings unci also he has I ii making sp -lies In the count" for the sauie interests, that Is, op posing the adopt ion of Local Option. The presiding officer of the city council, the mayor, is already as sociated with the matter. ! ap pears us one of the purties to the suit that has been already filed and as one of tin- petitioner for the I w rit of proliiliition ncmre me conns he bus used his official title us 1 ituivor of t he city. i The entire proceeding of the coun cil in the mutter, that of taking the census and later of bet ling a : partv to the psnceedings, spells ex- ! pense to the city and u needless i-x- Ipense. Both actions were taken without discussion bv the citizens before the council or in public mcet- ings or print. In all that bus been done, the council has favored the saloon and liquor interests, whether that were their design or not. And the people pay the bills. On 1 side the talk Is of loss of revenue, and on the other the Incurring of needless expense accruing to the citv. And all of this, without a puiillc hearing on the matter as to the will and desire of the people and without uny petition or other Infor mation except us the same might have been exceedingly private com munication to individual members of the council from their constitu ents. Nevertheless, the people pay the bills. Tetter, Salt Rheum and Eczema. These ore discuses for which Chamberlain's Salve is especially valuable. It quickly allays the smarting and soon effects a cure. Price, 25 cents. For tale by E. M. Laaktnan. A FEW FINAL THINGS FOR YOU TO CONSIDER On Saturdav, March 7th, the voters of St. Francois county will dellnitely decided the ipiestion of hi cal option, which bus been ugituted for the past month. In these col ii 1 1 1 m there have appeared each week information bearing upon this sub ject, designed In fairly present the arguments for the adoption of this measure. The discussion has been conducted In u spirit of fnir liess without abuse, without attack upon the opponents. It is u source of gratification tliu' the arguments advanced have not as yet been answered by anyone, although these columns were declared hy the Kdltor of the paper to be open to the other side. Much matter has been printed in one or two other papers of the county bearing upon t he other side of the question, hut these articles were so evidently inspired by the liquor interests outside of the county that little attention has been paid to them. The only local plea that has been made is that with reference to revenue and rock roads. The com-1 mittee for the local option campaign j bus taken much pleasure in publish ing the figures prepared by an efJI- i cii-nt Coiiny clerk. Its answer to these figures and the argument fori revenue is fairly presented under I the heading "III Miles Rock Knud." After careful thought and delibera tion, we are entirely willing to let I the mutter rest with this us the final answer to the pleadings of dollars and cents. We believe that the or-1 ray of homicides, suicides and morel or less serious woiiiidiugs from su- I loon iirawis m tin mil .v mr tin-1 past five years, is an absolutely un- i I answerable argument to t he plea, I "We need the revenue of the I loons. ' With the matter presented in this ' Issue the work of the publicity com mittee is ended, for the time being 'ut least. That committee desires to I thank all liners of fair piny for the I kind manlier in which its work bus bei il received. Tue b. loon and Good Morula. !t is n fact that not one person in n lllllidr-d will rise to the defense o the's-ilo'iii as being any moral bene " ' inutility. Observation, UlSIOr IIIIU I'Api'l O'lll l- l l'-l l. i i .1.... i. iu m 1 infiuei upon th orallty of any I 7S You good LOCAL OVTlOft LEAGUE. people. Regarding the saloon whole, its influence pollutes us a both public and private lite. Tudor the luw it enjoys only such rights us nre given to it under the form of license. It is restricted us to the hours it shall keep open; it is closed on days of election, In tuiu-si of calamity and during periods of great public excitment ; the sale of! Its goods are restricted to minors and other classes; it is Invariably, tin- companion of vice, as is borne j out by anyone who will read the I story of the wine room, the story of the gambling tables and records of the various centers of the popula tion. Its record of live or six years in St. Francois county alone with its homicides and suicides, Its brok en homes and divorces, its poverty mid want, sin and shame to young men and women, merely confirms the wisdom and the necessity of the legal restrictions thrown about It. Few men would think of rearing their families In close proximity to 11 saloon. All these things and many others that might be added have definitely fixed the status of the saloon as u pernicious influence to morals. Morally, without refer ence to religion whatever, there can be no pica made for its perpetuation in St. Frpncois county or elsewhere. t The Saloon Revenue. In answer to the amilgment aguinst it, the saloon and its advo cates ulwuys reply "we need the revenue from the suioon to carry on our miiuinipul and county affairs." In answer: 1. In such counties as Pemiscot, Dunklin, Calluwuy, Madison and such cities as Kennett, Frederick town, Fulton and other counties and cities too numerous to mention, the dire calamities predicted when the saloon revenue was taken away have not as yet materallied. Un the con trary, both public and private busi ness have felt a financial benefit from the closing of the saloons. A man may guess aa to what the re sults will be, but he does not iruess by the experience of other counties and towns when ne says, sumou , -eiiiie Is absolutely essential. Kveii the advocates of tin- sa loons from a revenue standpoint ad mit that there will be a decrease 111 criminal costs and ill the costs of policing when the sal is are closed. Here is another Sin illg. X Tl stimiiled half million dollars going out of St. Francois count v each vear from its lis saloons is a direct and distinct loss. V ittl- Ollt the sal It will tie dixerted In to li'L-ilioiate channels and each iiieiiilier of socletv will necessarily receh e the benetl't from having this immense sum remaining at home and legitimately employed. 4. ( dollar per capita will pay in St. Francois county the entire amount now received from the sa loons licenses. .1. Tin' attitude of the saloon in demanding Its retention from a pure Iv revenue standpoint is clearly de ilieteil in the following circular pub- ished bv the Local Option League. Who is My Muster. I urn viuir master. You do not believe lile to lie an Influence for good in your community; you do not indorse me along any moral lines; down deep in your heart you are opposed to me. Hut I am viuir master. My whip is of gold mid its lash is tipped with silver. I pay you annually; I am so Interwoven with your life that von an- afraid to let me go. I, the Saloon and Liquor interests, am vour muster. Local option League. If the argument from a rni-nm: standpoint is a g I "lie, it logically loads tn th inclusion that all vice coiilv he legitimately anil property in-en jo Np ed. In fact, Mr. Lyonnergi-r. liking at u banquet in St l.oins given I sii-ipurpos an association, the uvoweu d which was to perpetuate ii... i,.ti .I..!- oreil t but in ins iniig- : incut the City of St. Louis had I made a serious mistake when it ; took the license otf of the social evil. Are the pie of St. Francois counts willing to a pt such a 'dictum? If not, then because the saloon is a moral evil tin y will vote , to do away w ith it mi next Saturday, ..U.. In i. thelosehes open to the ..i,..r,.,. .,f' liiconsisteiicv. Head tin article in this tmpcr entitled I Miles Hock Koud." Ill Tn9 wiU Not be Enforced .1 ..t ll.,.u ll Is I. .in to be leve thill those who make the charge that the luw o ' : :: t :: r 1 A do not believe in your com- ,vi J will not be enforced are sincere. The Judge of the Circuit Court, the Sheriff and Prosecuting Attornev, all honorable men, have definitely declared that their influence and powers shall be devoted to the en forcement of this and all luw in the county. I'nder present conditions there is no reason to believe that the local option law will not be en forced equally us well as those other laws upon the statute hooks, ami by far much better than tin- saloon laws have been enforced during the en tire past ten. years. lint it is argued by some, local option was a failure years ago. Ad mittedly it did not su d as its advocaies had Imped it would, hut those who lived in the past fail to recognize certain changiil condi tions. Local option w ill carry to day by 11 much Irrger vote than the small M or IK) majority ten years ago. In recent years, the people of the I'liiled States, and particularly of our own State, have awakened to the necessity of luw enforcement. Conditions un- so changed that with confidence it can be predicted, the local option law if adopted in St. Francois county w ill not be a fail ure. Hut some say us much liquor will be used then us now. This objec tion is not made in good faith, and on its face it is absurd. Why in the name of reason and all that is fair would the liptior Interests be so ur oused throughout the nation if local option and prohibition adoption did not mean a muteriul loss of revenue. On one hand they argue liquor will be sold anyhow, and on the other they say that If you vote for local option you are rul:iing great Industries and throwing men out of employment. They should take either one side or the other, they cannot take both. In the present campaign and else where throughout the state It has been argued that local option was a failure In Kansas, and In various counties of Missouri. These state ments have almost invariably come from irresponsible parties 01 those who were discredited In their home X7 mi awwuaii ""'1 iT 1 -. jm and Cake lighter. IT .yjM 1IMOH KMril rareszj iiultiliuus ana wnuicbume f-xvj s III MniPAni I El l ! effliBPDWBEil ii i 111 Made from pure i I wdk Grape Cream of Tartar m L'J " I B 'vvy No alum No lime phosphate 1 El ." .;.-;;-.... ! r W . ."." " - " W M towns. When ll.'i per cent of the reputable business men of Kansas City, Kas., go on record sta! ing t hut tin- closing of the joints bus bei n a direct benefit and is a great sin ss. who will pity attention to statements inude by those discredited purties. It is true thnt under the luw of Kansas anyone can secure whiskey from ii drug store hv merely muking un affidavit that he needs it for med ical purposes. Those who visit Kansas City as deb-gates and in vestigators In their reports fail to call attention to this nectiliar con dition, lu M issoiiri when local op tion is enforced the drug store can sell lipuor only upon a physician's prescription, and if he offends twice ids license as a druggist is taken away from him. The physician is in i ii 'i i n) 1 1 ' to the State Hoard of Health when he writes prescriptions that lire fraudulent. Numerous cases can be mentioned in Missouri where the drug store and the physi cian alike have found the luw not to he trifled with. If is published pi'oiiiineiil ly that the Mayor ol Higginsv ill'e, Missouri, and others brought back a report of conditions in Kansas City, Ivan., discrediting local option there. These same printed reports do not mniiy the furt 1 1 r intelligence that in spite of these adverse reports lliggms ille rolled up n majority against the saloons. Tin- law can and will be enforced. Personal Liberty. The advocates of t he saloon con tend that pusoiiul liberty is in volved ill the question of Local Option. They do not make a fair statement of the case. Whenever anything becoiues u menace to the morals or the life and property of a large number of citizens, the de struction of that influence is not an Infringement upon personal liberty nor is it destructive to self govern ment; on the contrary it conserves the personal liberty of the largest number as well as conserving (!o eriimeiit itself, otherwise as social life becomes more uud more coin nlicuted and men live in more close ly settled communities, he Is com pelled to give up for the good of the whole that which he might enjoy if he lived as all individual. There is such u thing us oersonal liberty de generating into license. local Option and Labor. The false friends of labor raise the argument that a vote for Local Option is u blow to labor: that if I al Option is iidopled the labor market will be glutted. There an several answers that can he inude to this absurd position. I. With regard to the breweries and distilleries there is no iiiauii fiii'tiii'liig business upon earth into which us little labor goes as in the production of beer and whiskey. It the money now invested in this was diw-rtcd to legitimate iiianuructuriiig enterprises, into latins or in other classes of business more labor would be neci-Hsary for th- carrying on of this enterprise. 'J. The use ol liquor is a distinct loss to the working man, as it is to all others who indulge. A much money is wasted in St. Francois county for beer and whiskey in one year as would ghe employment In a large number of men. II. The saloon is absolutely no benefit to the individual working man. but on the contrary his hard earned money, which ought to go for the Improvement of his living conditions uud suppoit of himself and family, goes to enrich the liquor inuniifucturers. The working men of St. Francois county are growing weary of buying a multiplicity of homes and automobiles and piivate cars for the liquor magnates. 31 MILES OF ROCK ROAD. Continued from Page 4, Hrvant run over und killed by the M.' It. & H. T. truin at Flat Itiver. May 17-Plstol battle in Itlue Goose saloon. Two Hungarians and three Americans wounded. July 4 Frank Walker severely cut Murice Cox at Hismarek. Drink ing led to quarrelling. Former four years in penitentiary. July 10 James McCain killed by freight train on Iron Mountain, near DeLassus. lieon to Bismarck, drinking. Aug. 18 Less Ross shot and killed viaKes the Uiscuit ftp in saloon at Ioe ltun hy 'IV c a ol James Francis. Aug. L'U lldie William. !,- Mose Itridges, the I. it, r ilrinl. iii" Nov. 14 Harry A. Lett si ,,i md killed by O. P. Sle( arv or in i F i: :n iiigtou saloon. NoV. 14 tieorge (i'-ribm sell! to penitentiary for seven years for perjury grow Ing mil of ubme ease. 1004. March K-Triiiko Kiit-ilvci in'i'i. dentally killed hy Van-like Iiobrol- sky wit ii shotgun. it Ii ot I mi s tiny were canning beer near Ulin lioose saloon. July 4 Joseph Ciuin slot and killed Sum and F.d ll:inn and wound ed young lady at picnic at Knob Lick. Liquor had its part i:i the tragedy. July II Dick Newman (("id fmir loads Into bndv of Anthitiiv Ni'l.'m. Said to have previmislv in, in oiled in saloon near Flat er, Sept. ,'i Jake Wooleiii killed near Ili'solge. All in partv s.-jd to Iium- been drinking. Oct. J4 Jerry lligbley c mir tted suicide ill Star Milium in u ant well. Had been drinking I n'!y. 190ft. Jan. Is-Jim Harris ).,, and killed Dun Sparks in -'.lv ins. I)is turhunco and tragedy in saloon and yard in its rear. July -l-Oain liowen killed Win. Moore with chair, (uarn-l began ill saloon In Claytown over board bill. The latter was intoxicated. Sept. 4-Kllls Coirinan killed John W'. Knlli at Flat River. Th- hitter had been drinking hcavilv, Sept. 4 lioorue Horn shot and killed Constable Hums at Flat Itiver. Former had been drinking. Sept. 4-Clarence Mailer kill-d (ieorge Nelson at Daytown. The latter had been drinking. Dec. Ill-James Wright stabbed J. N. Cook at F.lvins. Had been drinking. 1906. Jan. L'l-Chus. Motsch serioiislv injured Zeno Cole ut Leadwood. Liquor played Its part. Feb. pl John Sutton shot and wounded Win. KichariUon and Wude Hampton in hitter's saloon ut Kl vins. June ll-Mlite McMillan, while Intoxicated, shot and wounded F.d shannon at Fraiikclay. Julv '.tl Juke Nolaiul shot and killed John Knloe near spider sa loon in Duvtown. Moth consider ably under the Infttieui f liquor ut the time. Sept. L'lt Arthur Thompson killed Willis Neul in Tucker's saloon ut Flvins. 1907. Jan. --' ! Ieorge Ketcherside shot In arm at Spider saloon nt Daytown. Disturbance caused by intoxication April llil-Hubert lila'ek while drunk and causing disturbance, twice shot Night -marshall F.uilnott Justice at Flvins. Five years in penitentiary. May is Jim Harris shot by tb'o' (build ut Joe Smith's saloon Kl vins. July I John McL.-inii y, drinking, shot and painfully w -on i i -( t I ieorge W. I.ashlev lit Doe Hull !llltt No. 4. July I - Klihu"( ioinL- .- id'U-.'illv killed while going home intoxicated. 1908. Feb. S Kmim-tt Mono shot and killed i-.ii Kohtnsiin in Doe Kmi loon . Feb. lS-Citv Marsl.i 1 f .... Ml- lialv, ol .Ivins, shot l-.d 1- reemaii III the Latter peace ; neck in r.lvms sab n. drinking and disturbing tin resisted arrest. Fell. IS llenrv llnbl.n'.l Wl; drinking, assaulted ami alletnpted in roo v mis. nrenner at r ial Itiver. hcli. --John Fvans shot and killed by Win. Holly h, Doe Hun. hornier drinking. to tin- above urruv of im-i i,..u- Ing the ravages iif Ii r :i .-1 . Francois county in C.,. i.e years, aild the suicides :ioi, m . i. the divorce cases from drink II ,'. quarrels and disturbances not pub- iisneu, me irugeciy o want in m.-inv homes, neglected families, broken homes and untold suffering and pre mature deaths of muny good men. Aim i-i inn opponents or local op tion point to .'II'-' milws of r....b - i fJi.OUO annunl county saloon rev enue. Think, Mr. Taxpayer; think, Mr. Business Man; think Mr. Laboring Man. The countv mid fi,m. provements will go right ahead witnout saloon revenue.