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Trailing the Erie Criminals
By George T. Pardv " A True Chronicle if One gf the Achievements sf John Wilson Murray- A walked toward tin-'and a imni ,,,,,n,. f - - mirorwari " j Halt at on., of. tak.ru, and soon aft.T the Skinner rot) MX) had la dlggtag ii ; you won't id I'.'t.v. the bODM of .Mr. miss wiiu .. tored and a rich haul of Jewelry tuudo. Murray and Ma haMtna m over the I Worked vigorously. They forced every her down " stranger In town tr, , t r- uilll- 'it 1 liny H-nt out the drag net and I'ailierc In nil tl... '-, i,." i i work than suspicious Character line. Patrols at night were doubted a n,t n tttm - ipwiw , nil using Watch kept, bUl the burglaries continued as nana, one night a house m one end of the town would he rohhed and the novt night the bur glurs would operate siuossfully In an apposite direction Murray, annoyed ay the. audaclouaneai of tbe criminals. levoted all bll Um and energy to the a.-,k of running then down, but the mly clue or trneo of them that he tould discover was a peculiarity in he Jimmy marka, showiag that a naoa bad b. ea chipped or out out of One night about 12 o'clock, while id In turned Hurras I'm after at nothing In reply, bll iik.- out on hlB writ id railed as lie Ml something hard koII with n few v at Kaai Th Hi morning, up streets r.nd down streets, through alleys, across lots, around buildings, and then across lota again It was an exasperating experience. it Murrav n, - ,i :t,..i ,,,,,i ........ uu p , . mu , ,1 . fT no chance to slip out of sight. Soon , after the chase first began a cat had ; ""-'d loudly In the vicinity of pur ! suer ami pursued, and ho remembered afterward that this sound had caused the dim figure In front of him to mart violently, Dawn was breaking when the woman headed away to the out skirts of the town, and stopping In front of a double house tossed a pen Ide against a window and a moment later peat In. Murray sat down to think matters over. Ho was greatly Basiled, for woman burglars were an entirely un known quantity In his experience. Yet to think that an old woman after acrubblai hard for hours in a hotel would teek reluxutlon from her labors bj golug for a stroll and prowling about all night was surely out of tlio question. He waited until broad day, light, and, as the woman did not re- ! weal to police headquarters he was ereefcil ha .v.,. I with the doleful news that another house bad been broken Into and robbed during the night. Murray thought of his weary rum blea in the dark. It did not seem as though his aggravating old Borah woman eouM have had u hand In the affair for he had never lost sight of her All the same, acting upon an Im pulse he could hardly explain but was Th : sons on the floor of the room where the interview was taking place. The detective glanced srouud and oh served that the chief articles of furniture In the apartment were u cook stove, a rough kitchen table and one shaky rocking chair. "You work out all night, ma'am?" queried Murray, addressing Mrs. Julia Hail. "I always tun," she replied coolly. "Julia Isn't able to sleep nights," broke In the second oldest of the trio, adding by way of explanation. j I ill lu r frletii. Mrs, Maggie Carroll." "I can only sleep daytimes,' assort ed the undent scrub woman. "I work I or walk all night." I "When she was young she had a ( fevor and has heen that way ever I since," volunteered Mrs. Carroll. .Murray, much puzzled, stood eyeing (he three odd figures on the floor. He I questioned them as to their mode of I life and mentioned the recent bur glaries, hut obtained no satisfaction They protested their innoeensc of any ' wrongdoing and maintained stoutly I that they were only hard working i women. Murray sat down on the ven erable rocking chair t amlnntlon In comfort under him nnd he i floor. Tile kettle on ! oy BIB IOOI craslie.) down beside him. The three woman laughed heartily but as the lid of the kettle fell off a sudd, n silence succeeded to their up roarloiiB merriment, and their i v,s rested upon the apparently Innocent pursue his ex It gave way oll'd upon thu le rung..', strurk .1 pla I..-: drive: last in ponied named and drt BM fo For ful ping a to rewa feed an otT tile clearing woods house. No in Spouse about tl BBOe un ed anyt tontaialag Weazened laughed bi tily things I'd sag.-ly. d their oe Indleaii IUd, toilet set, a baby car Ik dresses, gold watches. Iib, n harrow, surgical In a churn, u log chain, a s clock, a set of grocer's lints, overcoats, pipes, a bar pole, even a poileeman's shot ralch Kaapp hud stolen from the around li Ived a h was in a hull Crawlt for the man of th,. ,,h BC wanted to f..,.( ,s j. In re woman y ask. il mg tl too turns at digging an thief himself was pre BBS e. until fully ten wngn under lay in sight It mm in thieving, and the marvel of It all wi that hnapp swore to having d .ale woman wintoi bind a barn, tit man aho atant .Mi awes brli Of the si wagon it nun win "What lull P of I. and fr alum win the K exactly Btted tl; ore him. ie." Murray sake, replied the Will have been her he reply. Inquired the di mug woman doorway of t th In 1 1 grinned and nodded assent 11 piBpoaed to lie common! " """ M" eyes twinkled cun ntngly as they met Murray's steadfast gaz... The detective yawned .i -- nMiiiid in a aonohi Have stranger democra hut Kn: "J aln hi re." in ' i siagie beaded, Bubsequenl develop. " menu proved his statemeui to he eor- i reel. 1 Kaapp and his wife were taken to Brie and placed In prison. A large vacant store was hired and all of the r'1 "vred property placed ,,n exblbt ( Hon therein to hi- Identified by the i giiiiui ownera, There was no room - j to spare, for Kaapp bad stolen enough stuff to equip a small depart meat I'm several years. It appeared, the i cunning veteran had been plying his pilfering trade. In burying Ins plun ! dor he had bOXed It up securely, pro-1 : paratory to sending It away. His j methods wore sweetly simple He would drive Into town In a wagon an I penally for the purpose of s.-illng I j farm produce or garden veg, tallies I land In thai way obtaining a thorough I I knowledge of different houses, nlwaya I managing to sneak In later and carry 1 j off whatever ho could lay his hands I I 00 Nobody knew anything about ! I him, who he was or whence he came, , A y. ar prior to his capture he had Battled In the secluded hell of Umber and kept entirely to himself. I III H5Ew0j mm self up against a problem such as had frequently enlisted, his attention dur ing his term in the United States se 'ret service It wan concerned with the appearance of a number of couu- i l. lt o hlliB in Erie financial cir cles during the winters of ltd and 1ST0. A man by the name of Fred Landers kept a restaurant In the 'own, and one day when the detective dropped in th.- proprietor toiu him of a fellow who had ordered a light lunch, paid Tor it with a $20 bill, bought a drink as he went out nud joneica a second 120 bill to the bar- lender who said he could not change It. Murray looked at the bill Landers , had accepted. It was cleverly de signed but not well enough to de ceive tho practiced eye or a man trained to detect such forgeries Luu ders described the fellow and Murray J0 nlm at the railroad station, i bul did not find any of the counter- felt money in his possession. Ileum Btersly a "stover of the queer," una who passes tho had money nud re ceives only a couple of phoney bills at a time. In no other line of criminal work Is there such sclentlflc organization Stowa as in that of counterfeiting. The men who pass the money never do business with the man who makes th.- plates. The plate maker is an SB graver who usually receives a lump sum for his work. Those who print the money arc- thu manufacturers utul they dispose of tho queer In Whole sale quantities to dealers, who sell to retail dealers, who have, in turn, their "Stoven out" passing the money. The man wha f,.it i.,. i. shover. Ilavinc rest and searched him. he liece of paper in the pris pocket the name, "Tom. York" Murray at once am addressed to Hale as ray's hands w made th found oi oner's c Hale, N sent n b billows; "Come on. I am sick. Stopping at Morton house. Room 84." Murray made arrangements with the clerk of the Morton house to keep ,.i n 01 any asked for th idy came. known as "Poki having heen and the bartei without any fr heavy snowston several da th THEIR. UPRORlOLij HERR.mE.lir. talking tn an acquaintance In the Heed house. Ii.. chanced to notice a woman slip quietly duwn th,. back stairs of the hotel and nut Into the Street On three succeeding nights ho observed her doing this. On speaking of the circumstance to tho clerk that won by Informed him that she was a scrub woman who worked late and lived outside the hotel, There w is On la i 'ink he. nt, uninterested returned to tho anyuuag of a He was tried, convicted and owe In a BOW I fenced to U ye ars In the Allegl he inquired, penitentiary, nud his wife, sgl about that. he dli nf the road." Plainly Mr, Kaapp i curloui Irivln' past likely that I ii no place to ii Is the ,ud whom nothing Mild Ii pro vi ased. Hut Kaapp was of fi 1 1 Ii ilmiila il nun nf lervlag usanl i v. d to Ii nut his linn sen-anv as the clerk declared th know where the woman lived, sturrat uriosliy. determini her home. When ghi 1 a" iiHiial Mur the street I,,-. traversed t r. It to shudiiw her slipped down the stal ray billowed I st ' before he bat aa realized that his trailing was n o The mysterious scrub woman bad dia B I appeared as though the earth had UlOWed Ber, Murray, sin prised at powers of the as tranaf erred to ' the seemingly slutti ancient dam ., laut name"" he all," was thi motle sked. answer. responded la lunatic asylum, nnd soon after irmed at all sawed the bars of n window escanad Cormatton. Tbe offlcm n, i 'i .' . ii ning tons provided. make a thorough search of the nfen.l ii ... , - .. lteo hut tin :: exnhir.iii,..,u ..r i . . . " Miapp t " episuue ue ore t i ev lua mi i , home and outbuild lugs proved fruit i,. i TZZl,. . less Murrav Imweve, f , . boB SgBln In Brie, This that tl, I v 1 u- Intuitively time it was burglary instead of sneak that th, wily Mr. Kaapp was not as work, as was demonstrated hv th! un,,, ..i, a, would have them he- marks of JliuiniesU ,s 'a, v n ttave Strolling past ti, i,arn gad I dows, and the dluppearai , surveyln,- tl- ground carefully the de- titles of Ii. Iv.-r, a n 1 , , tect ve took not. of a .fetch of clear- I Chief Crawiev ' ?" J ' ,he eg land running down ,0 . ereek opi ,, thai Kap who had Blight Indications f r.-n n. n 1 1 i..,.!i ! ....1' .! , ', ," 't big results anil a SUddn .hUT I ... . .'"' k".(,wlK 'hat turned a corner, and when he can,.. flashed BCIOBf Murray's mind ZZ. l. , u" Rh" 'l'lrared. That KIlUOIi.' be said nil nsnnllr "I imtun to try ni) hand at Bshing iii that evident that no lone burgiar was at creek. Lend me s snada . Tin., j , . mat no one ourgiar was it What do you want with a Spader Work. Obviously there wa a g. - , , asked Knapp, tightening his Hps. j gaged in tho depredation,, u , 1" dig halt With, of course." re-j of the Jobs required the service 0f plied .Murray readily. , watoht.r or looim ()n ; ' Kaapp looted uneasy, but DrodUoed While a pal was Inside the house A spade and handed It to the detec- Mr. UggMT'l house was plundered ;l over arliaf i r considered a g.wul joke on hit; ability is a shadow artist and went home On the following morning the Krie papers reported another burglary as having occurred In a house four block! from where the scrub woman had vanished into thin air. .Murray said nothing to his associates hut u,,,, night lie took up a station at the fleet! house nnd waited l,,,i , o'clock In the mornlnir th,, tt.-nr., .., the scrub woman flitted lightly down I he stairs and M urrav fnlInu-,,,1 i,, Into the gloiun nf nleht. For ir, 1,1, ,t .. he trailed behind, when his nUBI turned a corner, and when he , . i"'" "i up sue ii.ni again Olsupnearcd Th 25r a rh I'::'8' JT'I TW" l"'H1h, r 'n' ."ok pla. " rf j ..... wi nn-,i r I iimi llniTie l . i . . l i .. . began n third vigil at the Rami i.,,,, At one o'clock the chase began anew nnd the detective was fnln to confess to hims. ir -hat the feniaie floor pul Ishcr was one of the most artful dodgers he had ever came across. He followed her until after four In the not disposed to resist, he resolved BPOO paying her a visit. Ho went out J" the hOBBB where he had last seen her. On one side of the double build ing lived M,s O'Brien, a respectable woman lie, knowledge of the occu paata of the other side was limited to the (art of their being women who had resided there less than a year. Murray knocked nt the door and received no answer. He rapped loudly again. There was a scurrv of feet In the hall and finally the door swung op.-n A big robust girl, 22 rears old, stood on the threshold, 1 further ceremony the detec tive strode In. "What Is yout "Mary Ann Ha "Do you live nl "I live with my the gin. Call her " said Murray shortly. Mary Ann compiled, and In answer n"r n"i ns the ancient scrub woman skipped out of an adjoining room In a manner that suggested the activity of ! rather than the natural decrepitude of till. Murray fljted his penetrating eyos upnii ncr aim was gr, eted with a ro- qUOttisb leer. "I want to know your name," he said "My name Is Mrs. Julia Hall." re- j plied the old woman, still grinning I broadly. "Just bo," remarked Murray. "Well who else Hvcb here, Mrs Hall?" For answer tho old woman's mouth opened and gave vent tn a yell of ainggie: This call brought to the front a small sharp faced woman some ten 'ears younger that the active Mrs Hail. The latest arrival smiled at her comrades and confronted the detec tive unabashed. "Bit down ladles," reiuest. d Mur ray, and the trio promptly reapocdsd by depositing thoir respective per- kitchen utensil In gloomy npprchen slnn. Their trepidation did not es rap,- the detective s watchful gaze He ins.- to his feet, picked up the kettle itnl examined it. Inside was a steel instrument about the Blie of n stove lifer. Murray took the obfoct out BBd give a sigh of relief. The proof he wanted was in his grasp ),ur liar's jimmy nnd what was more, a Jimmy nicked at the cdr thr. e women miller nr. person who culled and guest In room SI No The shover. who was Sales, stayed In Jail, ntlfled by Landers Br, A week passed Il developments. A had been raging for trains wen. i,t,-i. ad.d and all traffic delayed. Hut on the ninth day there was a new ar rival at the Morton house Although It was un excessively cold day he Wore no overcoat. Ho Inquired for .Mr. Sales In room St anu Was instant ly pounced Upon by Murray who was elose at head. I'pon belug taken to headquarters and seurched several hundred dollars was fouad upon him, but nothing in the way of counterfeit Burner, sun hwim ,!r,,i...i u - mm with the Intention of hunting for his baggage. fr waB oi.vi,,,,, tlmf a man wearing such expensive clothes as adorned the person of tlie prisoner would he likely to have an overcoat In the vicinity somewhere. On the following morning Murray began a systematic hunt for tho miss ing overcoat During tbe course of his search he stepped Into a saloon kept by a man named John Antii lines a curious thing happened yesterday," he said. "There was a Wi ll-dreesed Ohap came In here, washed his hands and walked out again leaving his overcoat behind him You'd think that would he about tho last thing lie d leave on a bitter cold day." "Seems runny." responded Murray. Let me look at that coat. John." me overooai Wag produced and In the first pocket Murray examined he found $1.0.10 counterfeit $20 and lion hills wrapped up In a handker- t.uei. me were such excellent coun i terfells that they actually deceived the eyes of several bank experts to whom they were Bhown Murray went hnck to the Jail and approached his prisoner. Hello, Halo, here's your coat" he said "Ali right, thank you." said the stranger. "Then It Is your coat, Tom?" queried Murray. "Why, certainly." replied the prisoner. Placing thi t he pit 'dec! t 'ered o search the treat q neat! ties flue linen and longing to Mr. . plunder from l had suffered founud on the burglar's tools i u jewelry, sllverwar clothes The stuff Skinner and Mr nil all the other houses In (he recent raids, w premises, also a kit , ami complete set of pass kevs Two of the women. Mrs. Julia Hull nd Maggie Carroll, were sent to the Al leghany penitentiary for four years and Mary Ann was released. Curious as to the exact events of the night when he was trailing Mrs Mali, Murray asked that vivacious old indy for an explanation, ii,- leanied that she and y.-s. Carroll we're' to have broken Into lOinuse together on that occasion, and Mrs. Hail had ar ranged to meet her confederate nt two in the morning. Hut Mrs. Carroll es-1 pied the an aais shadowing t,- , ..mii- ani! mewed suddenly like fl ,., signal io Mrs. Hall tha followed. Tho Intt j piocecnea to walk about all while the Veataramiia m , -.-- mil weal on with her burglarious task alone The Oarroll-Hall combination Was the only rase of women h:irgla,-g working alone that Murray encounter ed during his detective career Thev were first caught by the authorities In Ireland, sent to Australia, where they again made trouble for the police and taen sought fresh fields In America. Followia the capture o. Mrs Hr" and Mrs. Carroll. Murray found him rail. : 1, In- was conse- Morray produced the counterfeit money from the pocket and Hale, re alizing what a grave mistake he had mad,-, denied 1 1, ji t the garment was his property, Murray compelled him in iimi It and the fit was perfect. The saloon keeper Identified him as the sl ranger who had left the coat in his plnce. "Poke" Sales pleaded guilty to pass ing counterfeit money and received a live-year sentence Hale was taken hv the Halted States authorities to Pltts burg, then to NWW yrk and finally to Washington lie was a smooth talk , ing fellow and made the government OfflClalS believe he would be of great use to the secret service department. . He promised to expose the entire counterfeiting business nnd Wood : who was the chief of the secret serv ; Ice, engaged him on the force and , sent him to New York. Hut Kale's promised exposure of his ! rormer colleagues turned out to be a fake. He enabled the secret service men to get hold of a few small shov ers, and that was all. Then Wood left the department and Ool, WUtetey be came ch ef. Whltel.y proceeded to call down Hale ,, ,,is failure to ac complish anything worth while. Hale became Insolent with the result that he was arrested, takes hack to Phila delphia ami tried. It was proved that ho stood In with thieves and at the finish he was convicted and sen tenced tn the penitentiary for is years.